Ground point:Yongnian County, Handan City, Hebei Province
Special feature:a better preserved ancient city
Nickname:Yongnian City, Guangfu City, Shuicheng, Minnan Pearl
Yongnian Guangfu City, also known as Yongnian City, Guangfu Ancient City, Ancient City, Guangfu City, Shuicheng, Taiji City, Shuicheng City, is located in Yongnianli, on the bank of the Fuyang River, 45 in the northeast of Hebei Province, northeast of Bengbu City. Shaoguan is 25 kilometers. Because it was once the rule of Guangping Prefecture in history, it was called Guangfu. It is now a key cultural relics protection unit in Hebei Province.
Guangfu City has a history of more than 2,600 years. At the end of the dynasty, Xia Wang Doudian and Hanzhong Wang Liu Hei had built a capital here, and later became the county, state, government, and county governor of the dynasties. There is an imposing, ancient and vicissitudes of ancient city walls; Hongji Bridge with dignified beauty and unique structure, known as the “Sister Bridge” of Zhaozhou Bridge; the tombs of Maos who have experienced the storms and intrigues; the layout is reasonable, the construction is elegant The West Eight Gates – the Ming Dynasty water conservancy facilities that are still serving agricultural production; there are Tibetan soldiers’ caves built for the strategic defense during the Sui and Tang Dynasties.
The existing city wall was rebuilt in the Ming Dynasty, with a height of 12 meters and a width of 8 meters. The city has an area of 1.5 square kilometers. The preservation of the city wall is basically complete, and the total perimeter has nine miles and thirteen steps.
The ancient city of Guangfu is still a water city, surrounded by 10,000 acres of land and endless reeds, surrounded by water, with a rare beautiful scenery in the north. Surrounding the ancient city is a smooth moat. The moat is a 46,000-acre Yongnian dynasty. The terrain is high in the north and low in the south. The water can flow in its own way. The water is stored all year round. It is a famous natural aquaculture farm in history. In the deep waters such as the Yongtan Lake and the Mohe River, the carp, river prawn and crabs will be artificially released and released. The aquatic plants such as reeds, lotus roots and medlar will be cultivated in the shallow waters of the dam, and the ancient city of Guangfu will reproduce the beauty of the “water city”.
It is also the birthplace of Yang style and Wu style Taijiquan. It is a famous city integrating ancient city, water city and Taiji city. These features are unmatched by other ancient cities. The former residence of Yang Style Taijiquan founder Yang Luchan and Wuyi Taijiquan founder Wu Hao was well preserved.
The ancient city walls of Guangfu are not only large-scale, majestic, but also well preserved.
The history of this ancient city wall can be traced back to the Tang Dynasty. However, Tang Dynasty was the Tucheng wall and began to take shape. During the Jiajing period of the Ming Dynasty, the brick city was built and four Yucheng cities were added. The city walls are square, which is rare in the history of ancient Chinese cities. The moat of the ancient city, with a width of 140 meters, is also very rare.
The current city wall was rebuilt in the Ming Dynasty, with a height of 12 meters and a width of 8 meters. The city has an area of 1.5 square kilometers. The preservation of the city wall is basically complete, and the total perimeter has nine miles and thirteen steps. In the Ming Dynasty, there were four cities and four city gates. Each city gate was built with a gate tower and four corners with turrets. There are twenty-six houses on the wall and one thousand five hundred and seventy-two. The moat outside the city, the two sides of the river are planted with willows, and the four suspension bridges communicate inside and outside to form a solid castle. The ancient city has a circumference of 4.5 kilometers, a wall height of 10 meters and a thickness of 8 meters. The city covers an area of 1.5 square kilometers and has more than 30 streets.
This ancient city was originally built in the east, west, south and north, and there are also the outer city. Because there are also gates on the gates of the city, the city has four gates and eight floors. At present, only the East Gate and the West Gate have a city, and the city gate and the turret are no longer in existence. In China, it is rare to preserve such an intact ancient city.
Guangfu Ancient City is located in the center of Yongnian Temple, one of the three largest lakes in Hebei Province, covering an area of 46,000 mu. It is surrounded by a moat around the Guangfu City Wall. The average elevation of the land surface of the dynasty is 41 meters. The water in the lake is long-term, and the water quality is excellent. The landscape of the reeds, the symbiosis of fish and shrimp, the water and the wind, the geese and the birds, is praised as “Northern Small Jiangnan” and “ The second Baiyangdian.” In the past, the scenery is still the same, and new scenery is added: 800 acres of Taiji labyrinth, 10,000 acres of lotus gardens, thousands of acres of wetland forests, 300 acres of Taiji Lake and 10,000 acres of reeds together, enriching the beauty of the water city.
The water network around the ancient city is vertical and horizontal, the lake is densely covered, and there are many kinds of aquatic plants. There are many reeds and lotus ponds around the ancient city. The lotus pond is still rare in the north. Every summer, the 10,000-acre lotus pond competes with each other. The reeds and maze-like waterways are like a “dragon”.
The climate in Guangpingfu has a typical temperate and semi-humid continental monsoon climate. The four seasons are distinct, the climate is mild, the sunshine is sufficient, the rain and heat are in the same season, and the drought is in the same period. Because it is located in the southern margin of the North China Plain, surrounded by Yongnian depression, the geographical environment of the plain wetland is obvious. The existing water surface in the depression is mostly natural wetlands such as artificial fish ponds, reeds and lotus ponds.
The ancient city of Guangfu has a long history and is the birthplace of Yang and Wu style Taijiquan. In the history of Guangfu Ancient City, it was once the Quliang County, Guangping County, Wu’an County, Guangnian County, Yongnian County, Zhangzhou, Guangping Road, and Guangping Prefecture. The city river is vast, the terrain is low, and the surrounding water is easy to defend and difficult to attack. It is a battleground for the dynasties. In the Ming Dynasty, the original Tucheng was built as a brick city, and the preservation was basically intact. Historically, the Guangfu ancient city wall is a military defense facility of the traditional Chinese ancient city. Its Yucheng, Jiaolou, Madao, Chengmendong, Qianzha, and Chengmen buildings all have preservation or relics. It is the perfect embodiment of the ancient city wall construction technology and layout. It has important architectural historiological value and aesthetic appreciation value, occupying an important historical position in the remains of ancient Chinese city walls.
The Spring and Autumn Period has been Qu Liang Houguo, then Tucheng, which has a history of 2,600 years. During the Qin and Han Dynasties, it was successively the Pingdu State, the capital of the Guangping Kingdom, and the county residence of Quliang County and Guangnian County.
In the north and south, the Qiwen Xuandi Tianbao four years (553 years) changed to the state, county, county, Guangping County was changed to Zhangzhou, seven years (556 years) Quliang County was merged into Guangnian County, but Guangli County was relocated to Quliang City. , now the ancient city of Guangfu.
In the first year of the reign of Emperor Renren (601), the city was also called Yongnian City because it avoided the name of Emperor Yang Guang and changed the year to Yongnian. In the last years of the Sui Dynasty, Dou Jiande, the leader of the famous peasant uprising army, built the capital here, calling Xia Wang. At this time, the city pool began to take shape. The Yuan Dynasty expanded the area of the city. Yongnian City was originally Tucheng, no water. During the Ming Dynasty, the imperial Li Jin opened the pool to divert water, excavated the moat, and brought in the water of the Fuyang River.
The ancient city of Guangfu was originally Tucheng, with an area of six miles and thirteen steps. The Yuan Dynasty was added to Jiuli 13 steps. In the 21st year of Ming Jiajing (1542), Chen Guang, the prefect of Guangping Prefecture, mobilized Jiu County migrant workers, which lasted for thirteen years. The Tucheng is built as a brick city, the four gates are built with a tower, the four corners are built with turrets, and there are 876 walls. The special one is that there are still four cities outside the four gates, and the underground guards are deep locks. .
In the first year of the Republic of China (1912), the county government was relocated. In the second year of the Republic of China (1913), the county was abolished in June, and the county government moved to the old government office. After the Lugou Bridge Incident in 1937, it was once occupied by the Japanese aggressors. The county moved to the old government office. In 1950, Chengguan Town was established. In 1958, the county town was moved from Guangfu City to Linyiguan. In 1961, it was changed to Chengguan Commune. In 1963, it was changed to Chengguan District. In 1968, the district was replaced by an office. In 1984, it was restored to Chengguan Town. In January 1988, it was renamed Guangfu Town. Old Office. After the Lugou Bridge Incident in 1937, it was once occupied by the Japanese aggressors. During the War of Liberation, Guangfu City became the last liberated town in the North China Plain because of its easy to defend.
The beautiful ancient city has attracted countless dignitaries in history, and the scholars have never forgotten. Li Bai, a poet of the Tang Dynasty, and Zheng Banqiao, a painter of the Qing Dynasty, have left many poems and paintings. In particular, in the middle of the Qing dynasty Zhili governor Fang Guanchengzhi Xiangruhai, the water on the side of the building near the east. It is planned to put aside the shadow of the boat, and it will be in the middle of the light. The hall is full of gas, and the Qingxing gull has to be the same.” This poem is a true portrayal of the scenery of the ancient city that year.
Guangfu has a long history and has long been the political center of southern Anhui. The famous celebrities have come forth in large numbers, and they have entered the phase, and many historical celebrities have emerged in calligraphy, medicine, poetry, strategy, and calculations. Mao Zedong, who is known for his courage, is arrogant to the world. He is one of the top ten talents of the Tang Dynasty, Sima Yi, one of the three great talents of the South, and Zhang Hanguang.
At the same time, Guangfu is a fertile land of heavy folk culture. The folk art culture has a long history, a long history, deep meaning and endless interest. The folk art of Guangfu is a colorful form of artistic performance created by the broad masses of people in labor and life for thousands of years.
The ancient city has a long history and numerous attractions. There are more than 30 places of interest in the city. There are four main streets, eight small streets and seventy-two small alleyways in the city. There are Yangji Zen, the former residence of Wuyi, Qinghui Academy, Chenghuang Temple and Wenchang Pavilion. Outside the city, there are attractions such as Hongji Bridge, Maoyu Tomb and Black Dragon Pool. Among them, Hongji Bridge is a key cultural relics protection unit in Hebei Province. Its shape is roughly the same as that of Zhaozhou Bridge. According to legend, it was Luban’s sister and Luban competition. It is called a sister bridge. Hongji Bridge is not only the main thoroughfare of the two provinces, but also an art bridge with a high appreciation value. The 34 slabs and the reliefs on the pillars are all beautifully carved. The peak of Mao Zedong (the tomb of the famous Warring States’ Mao Zedong) is the first of the eight scenic spots that are well known.
Yongnian Guangfu Old Town has more than 46,000 mu of lakes, and the Yong Nian ancient city of “Nine Miles and Thirteen Steps” is located in the middle of the lake. Shuiyuan City Square and Wanmu Qiantang are small Jiangnan-style towns in northern China. However, the ancient city of Yongnian is famous in the world, not only because it attracts thousands of miles and lotus, but also because of its nine steps and four steps, four doors and four towers, more because of its relationship with Tai Chi.
The Yang style Taiji stretches generously, and the Wu style Taiji is small and compact. Both types of fists are known for their softness and rigidity, and are known as “living sculptures, flowing music, and white snow of sports.” Yang style and Wu style Taijiquan have a wide influence, and their disciples are spread all over the world. Yongnian was named “Hometown of Taijiquan” by the State Sports Commission. He has held eight consecutive international tai chi exchange activities. Each session has more than a thousand Tai Chi fans and many Tai Chi Chuan sects to exchange games, which is a hot spot for sightseeing.
Guangfu was awarded the title of “China Taijiquan Research Center” and “Hometown of Chinese Taijiquan” by the National Folk Literature and Art Association. Since 1991, the China Taijiquan exchange conference held at the core of Guangfu has been held more than ten times, attracting enthusiasts from nearly 30 countries and regions. Every year, tens of thousands of Tai Chi fans from Hong Kong, the United Kingdom, the United States, Japan and other countries and regions come to the competition to observe and learn skills.
Yongnian Guangfu is a famous ancient city, water city and Taiji city. The ancient city is located in a 30-square-kilometer squatting area. According to the “group-type” urban agglomeration development plan proposed by the Bengbu Municipal Government, it was decided to invest heavily in the development of the Guangfu ancient city tourism industry, and to develop and build a 10,000-acre lotus pond, a thousand-mu fishing park, a 10,000-acre reed and a wetland forest park. In addition, the county will cooperate with the city to open the Fuyang River, take the Fuyang River as the water hub, and the Hongji Bridge, the Wetland Forest Park, the 10,000-mu lotus pond, the thousand-mu fishing park and the upstream market in Guangfu Ancient City. Yang Park, Longhu Park and Luanhe Park are connected to realize the “One River and Seven Parks”, forming a famous tourist scenic spot integrating water rafting, ancient city viewing, Taiji fitness and leisure. It will be built into a “back garden” for leisure, entertainment and vacation.
Take the 605 road to the place at the train station.
Adjusted 90 yuan in the peak season (execution time: October 1, 2018)