Yongding Earth Building

Yongding Earth Building

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Geographic location:Fujian China

Level:AAAAA

Famous scenery:”Zhencheng Building, Chengqi Building, Kui Ju Building”

Suitable for the play season:Suitable for all seasons

Yongding Earth Building, also known as the Zhuangzi Building, is located in Yongding District, Longyan City, Fujian Province, on the southeast coast of China. The oldest is the Xinxin Building, located in Xiazhai Village of Hulei Town. It is the earliest extant earth building in Fujian. Built in 679 AD, it has a history of more than 1,200 years and is the oldest one in Fujian.

Yongding Earth Building has a variety of styles, and there are many types of buildings. Yongding is known as a Chinese Hakka Tulou Museum without a gate. Among the many earth buildings, the most representative ones are the Wufeng Building, the large square building and the round building.

In July 2008, it was successfully included in the World Heritage List. In August 2011, he was awarded the title of National 5A Tourist Attractions. In January 2016, it was selected as the “National Civilized Tourism Advanced Unit”.

Yongding Earth Building

Humanity history

Overview

Fujian Tulou Wang, Chengqi Building was rumored to have laid ground from the Ming Chongzhen years, and was completed during the reign of Emperor Kangxi in the Qing Dynasty.
It has been in the 3rd generation for a period of half a century. It is huge in scale, unique in style, antique, and full of rich local flavor. “Four floors, four floors, four hundred up and down; round in the middle, circle and circle, after three hundred years of vicissitudes of life” Chengqi Building with its tall, heavy, rough, majestic architectural style and the garden courtyard The art of modeling, blending with the charm of the mountainous town of poetry, has made countless visitors stunned. Shenzhen Jinxiu China has a model of Chengqi Building. In 1981, he was included in the Chinese Famous Dictionary. He was known as the “Tulou King” and competed with Chinese famous places such as Beijing Temple of Heaven and Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes. In 1986, China’s Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications issued a series of Chinese National Residence stamps, of which Fujian’s residential stamps were The Chengqi Building is a pattern. The stamp was awarded the best stamp of the year in Japan. The poet Wang Xinjian has the poem “Yongding Tulou” and praised: “Haixi Yujiao, the staff can step Qingchuan. If the ancient village is a tiger, the high church is a dragon. The poetry and rituals are filled with the same heart. Yu Qingyong is stretched.”

Yongding Tulou, located in Longyan City, Fujian Province on the southeast coast of China, is a unique and magical mountain residential building in the world. It is a wonderful work of ancient Chinese architecture. In July 2008, it was successfully included in the World Heritage List. It has a long history, unique style, large scale and exquisite structure. The earth building is divided into two types: square and round. Longyan has a total of 360 famous round buildings and more than 4,000 famous square buildings. In 1995, its architectural model and Beijing Tiantan participated in the American Los Angeles International Architecture Exhibition as a representative of the North and South circular buildings in China, which caused a sensation and was praised as the “Pearl of Oriental Architecture”. Hakka earth building shines with the wisdom of Hakka people. It has various functions of shockproof, fireproof and defense, with good ventilation and lighting, and it is warm in winter and cool in summer. Its structure also reflects the solidarity and friendship tradition that Hakka people have passed down from generation to generation. Imagine hundreds of people living in the same big house to get along with each other. It is of course very important to live in harmony with each other. The Hakka people’s honesty and integrity are also evident here. As soon as you enter the earth building, you will immediately feel the deep sense of history and gentle atmosphere. The layout of the entire building is not only the imprint of Suzhou gardens, but also the characteristics of ancient Greek architecture. It is a wonderful architectural complex between China and the West.

Yongding Earth Building

Formation and development

The formation of Fujian Tulou is related to several famous great migrations of the Han Chinese in the history. During the Yongjia period of the Western Jin Dynasty, in the 4th century AD, the war in the north was frequent, the natural disasters raged, and the local people moved southward, which opened the curtain for thousands of years of continuous migration of the Han Chinese in the Central Plains. The Central Plains immigrants who entered Weinan and the local residents merged to form the Fujian-French lineage characterized by Minnan dialect; the Central Plains Han people who entered the Weixi mountainous area after the transfer of Jiangxi by Zhangzhou constituted another important civil system in Fujian–Hakka The characteristics of the Hakka people.

The southwestern mountainous area where Fujian Tulou is located is the intersection of Fuxi and Hakka people. The terrain is steep and sparsely populated. Once the beasts were infested, the bandits were everywhere. The residence of the tribes is not only the deep-rooted traditional Confucian concept of the Confucianism, but also the reality of the need to gather strength and defend against foreign enemies. Fujian Tulou is on the verge of a mountain and has a reasonable layout. It absorbs the concept of “feng shui” in traditional Chinese architectural planning, adapts to the requirements of life and defense of the ethnic group, and makes clever use of the narrow flats in the mountains and the local soil and wood. Building materials such as pebbles are self-contained, high-quality buildings with high-quality, economical and defensive features. These unique mountain-style residential buildings push the long-established technology of earth-boring construction to the extreme. Hakka is an important ethnic group among the Han nationality. The ancestors are the Central Plains people. There have been five large-scale southward migrations due to war and disasters. Some of them were transferred to Fujian to form the Hakka people.

In the long-term development process of Yongding Hakka Earth Building, the architectural art and architectural style of each period have accumulated unique patterns and cultural connotations. There are more than 20,000 earth buildings in more than 2,200 square kilometers of Yongding, including nearly 5,000 large buildings with more than three floors and more than 360 round buildings. These squares and earthen buildings with various façades, different shapes and tall and majestic are made up of natural villages. They are harmoniously and harmoniously integrated with the blue sky and the green mountains and green waters. They are combined into a magnificent and magnificent earth building group. It forms a strange landscape that makes people “soul and kill”.

In the face of a long time ago, the earth building was amazed, and people showed more interest in how the Hakka people created the magical earth building, and how the earth building was bred to breed a generation of earth-going people. Yes, Yongding Earth Building is an outstanding representative of Hakka people’s residence. It not only comprehensively displays the Hakka culture, but also closely links with the roots of the traditional Chinese culture. Since the Western Jin Dynasty, some of the Central Plains Han people have gradually moved south to the mountainous areas of Fujian, Guangdong and Guizhou in order to escape the war and the floods, and have nurtured a vibrant ethnic group in the Han nationality – Hakka. Yongding became a pure Hakka county.

At first, they used the ancient earth-building technology of the Central Plains to use local bamboo, wood, mud, stone and other raw materials to develop from simple wooden houses to earth buildings with mud walls and roofs. For the sake of the agglomeration, a large-scale multi-layered earth-building building with mature systems was gradually built. During the reign of Emperor Kangxi and Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty, Yongding was widely developed as a “smoke”. It was sold well in the north and south of the country, and a large number of smokers made a fortune. The Yongding’s wealthy and some people have the political status and economic foundation of building a large-scale earth building and building a magnificent earth building. The Yongding Hakka earth building has a peak in other Hakka areas. Due to the convenience of materials, these tall earth buildings are perfect in terms of technology and function, and have a high aesthetic value in the shape, and radiate the surrounding Hakka areas. As the most outstanding work in the Hakka Earth Building, Yongding Earth Building has extremely profound cultural connotations and comprehensively displays the Hakka culture.

Yongding Earth Building

Cultural connotation

“The earth building is the original ecological green building.” Huang Hanmin said that the earth building is warm in winter and cool in summer, and it is taken from the local area and recycled. In the most primitive form, it fully reflects the “newest concept and highest level” of the green building that people pursue. “Building a new generation of green earth buildings should be highly valued.”

Among the many earth building shapes, the round earth building is the most magical and most attractive. Because of the ancient times in China, people think that the sky is round and the earth is square. The ancient people represent the heavens and the earth in a circle and a square, and worship is added. In particular, the circle has an infinite amount of divine power, bringing people all the best, and the children and grandchildren. The Fujian writer said in his wash: “The earth building is a full stop, but it leads to countless question marks and exclamation marks.” Ichiro, a professor at the Tokyo University of the Arts, said: “The earth building is like a huge mushroom emerging from the ground, and it is like a black flying saucer that descends from the sky.” Harvard University architect Claude said: “Tulou is a bold and unique masterpiece of the Hakka people. It flashes the wisdom of this Hakka family and often excites me.”

A earth building is an art palace. Every earth building is like a “big family, a small society.” In the earth building, dozens of hundreds of people living under the same roof share the same family with the same ancestors, and live together in the common hall, the hall, the stairs, the courtyard, and the water well. This lifestyle of living together in the same building typically reflects the Hakka family’s traditional family ethics and family affinity. Moreover, the Hakkas in the building live in equal rooms with the same number of floors, equal open areas, no obvious orientation, and no more expensive grades. Equal settlements reflect the harmonious and harmonious family tradition and equal unity of Hakkas.

The Fujian Tulou, which is home to the ethnic group, is a colorful and small society. Yongding Chengqi Building has 384 rooms, and has lived more than 800 people at most. “Tulou is the most useful for building a harmonious society.” Xu Songsheng said that living in the earth building, there are things that everyone will help each other, and the neighborhood is harmonious. “Children’s filial piety is not filial, there will be word of mouth, good learning, bad criticism, and play a role in education constraints.

The thick Fujian Tulou carries a heavy traditional culture. The thought-provoking plaques, the private schools coexisting with the building, and the paintings of the murals that educate and educate people all invigorate the ideals of “cultivating the family” and the pursuit of “stopping at the best”. Zhencheng Building has a deputy name and is praised: When there is leisure in the work, when you are young and strong, you must work hard all the time; fame is not easy, family affairs are all things in the world, everything needs to be concerned.

Yongding Earth Building

Review

Hongkeng Village has been opened as a Chinese Tulou Cultural Tourism Village. In addition to the provincial cultural relics protection unit Zhencheng Building,
There are also a number of distinctive earth buildings such as Wufenglou, Fuyulou, the palace-style Kuiju Building, and the smallest diameter such as Shengshenglou. The peculiar Fangyuan Tulou, the beautiful scenery of the eight scenes, the quaint folk customs, blended into a beautiful painting, a moving poem, a beautiful song, making people feel like a drunk, happy and happy.

Yongding Earth Building

Characteristic characteristics

Yongding Earth Building has a variety of styles and various types. There are two major systems, namely, the Temple Building, the Wufeng Building, the Rectangular Building, the Square Building, the Sanhe Building, the Wujiao Building, the Hexagon Building, the Bajiao Building, the Satay Building, and the Walking House. More than 20 types of buildings, such as the Japanese-shaped building, the curved-shaped building, the hanging foot building, the half-moon building, the circular building, the front round rear building, the front rear round building, and the oval building, Yongding is called a Chinese Hakka earth building without a gate. museum. Among the many earth buildings, the most representative ones are the Wufeng Building, the large square building and the round building.

Wufenglou is a combination of “three halls and two horizontal buildings”. More than 10 buildings such as Yulong Building and Fuyu Building are prominent in Yongding. Their structural features are on the central axis, the front, middle and rear halls are integrated with the two wings of the axis, and the front is low and high. From the back to the front of the roof, there are five levels of layers. The corner of the house is shaped like a bird’s wing, so it is called Wufenglou. The whole building structure embodies a strong concept of primary and secondary levels, which is more imposing, elegant and noble than the average square building.

Among the various types of earth buildings, the most amazing visitors from all over the world are the circular earth buildings that the locals call Yuanzhai. Most of these round buildings are located in towns and villages in the Jinfeng River Basin. The round building is low in height and low inside. There are buildings in the building, and the ring is the same. It has the most distinctive features. Its ventilation and lighting, anti-typhoon earthquake and defense function are better than square buildings. It has won many wonderful praises and metaphors from Chinese and foreign experts, scholars and scholars. : Like the castle of ancient Rome, pointing to the sky; like a black flying saucer, falling from the sky; like an ancient moon, hanging in the east; like an ancient well, never dry; like an incomplete encyclopedia, profound and profound.

Every single earth building in Yongding has its own unique and unique aesthetic object and artistic charm. The natural village as the unit, the round building as the main body of the square building, the green hills embraced, surrounded by green water, the countryside is beautiful, and lyrical, its poetic and heroic, leaving many thoughts and endless imagination space. The Chuxi Tulou Group consists of dozens of earth buildings. Built in 1419, the unit-style Jiqing Building and other five round buildings and other earth buildings are built on the mountain, blending with the green hills, green water and terraced fields to form a magical and simple picture. Hukeng Town, which is rated as a famous historical and cultural town in Fujian Province, has a wide variety of earth buildings and a more spectacular group of earth buildings. The Nanxi Tulou Group is laid out in a narrow strip on both sides of a small river. It runs through six administrative villages. In addition to the circular buildings such as the Ring Tower, Yanxiang Building and Zhenfu Building, there are rectangular, square, octagonal and oval shapes. More than 100 large-scale square earth buildings, such as the front circle and the rear square. They are in line with the beautiful scenery of the mountains and rivers, fully demonstrating the harmonious unity of the building and the landscape, people and nature.

Yongding Earth Building

Features

A earth building is a small society. Hakkas living in different places need to be self-sufficient for their own survival and development, and the structure and function of the earth building fully meet the special needs of this small-scale peasant economy. The wells, kitchens, warehousing, bedrooms, food processing rooms, firewood rooms, pig houses, toilets and other facilities in the building are all available. While enjoying the basic life guarantee, the whole family enjoys the family fun of several generations of family and family reunion.

The Hakka people live in the Tulou. The Tulou is similar to the Great Wall. It is an exterior wall made of glutinous rice, lime, egg white and earth. The interior is made of yellow wood and fir. Summer can be used for summer heat, winter can be hurricane, and it can be adjusted automatically. The temperature inside the room.

Hakka earth building defense performance is relatively good, the first floor does not open the window, the water well grain in the building is available, the construction process is rare in the world, the earth building, commonly known as “raw earth building”. Because most of them were built by Hakka people in Fujian, they are also called “Hakka Earth Building”. It is made of raw soil as the main building material, blended with fine sand, lime, glutinous rice, brown sugar, bamboo chips, wooden strips, etc., after repeated twisting, smashing and pressing. The top of the building is covered with fire and tile cover, and it will not be damaged for a long time. The earth building can be up to four or five stories high for three or four generations to live in the same building.

Fujian Tulou has many perfect defense functions. The outer wall is one to two meters thick. The first and second floors do not open the window. The only solid door is closed, and the earth building becomes an indestructible fortress. For the fire attack, there is a water leakage and sand leakage device on the door. In case of emergency, the residents in the building can also escape from the underground dark passage. Today, the earth building is no longer a fortress, but those complete and sophisticated defense facilities still make people surprised.

From ancient times to the time of liberation, Yongding Earth Building was a fortified castle for the self-defense of the Hakka people. The earth building was built with earth and stone, without reinforced concrete, but it was as strong as stone. The gate of the earth building is made of 10 cm thick miscellaneous wood, with external iron plates, and some doors are also equipped with fireproof sinks. The first and second floors of the circular earth building do not open windows, and there are double-layered outer windows. In addition to being used for ventilation, it is also convenient to attack the invading enemy. There is a lookout on the top floor of the earth building to understand the enemy. Earth building in addition to prevention. There are also fire prevention, shockproof, anti-beast and ventilation lighting. And it is a special building in winter and cool in summer. It is the best in the world of Guinness.

According to historical records, a magnitude 7 earthquake determined that the wall of the Yongding ring wall was shattered by 20 cm, but it could recombine on its own. This shows the tenacity of the earth building.

The round earth building is a model residence for Hakka people. The circle is generally composed of two or three circles, from the inside to the outside, and the ring is looped. The outer ring is about 10 meters high and three to four stories high. There are one or two hundred rooms. The ground floor is the kitchen and dining room, the second floor is the warehouse, and the third and fourth floors are the living rooms. Two circles and two floors, each with 30 to 50 rooms. In the middle is the ancestral hall. It is a public place for weddings and funerals. There are wells, bathrooms, mills and other facilities in the building.

Yongding Earth Building

Oriented ventilation

Most of the Yongding Hakka earth buildings are distributed in mountain valleys such as mountainous hills or in the form of beads on the banks of the river, so that they can be close to the water source, and the second can be taken locally. Most of the earth buildings are facing south, facing the south, and the building is back to the sun. This is because most of China is located north of the Tropic of Cancer, most of the year is back to the north, and the winter is from the cold north of Mongolia’s Siberia. Wind, so the temperature is low; while the south is sunny, the sun is abundant, and when the summer is hot, Yongding blows the southerly wind from the ocean. Therefore, if the building is facing south, it will help to ventilate on the one hand and warm winter on the other hand. The effect of heat preservation and moisture-proof in summer cool can also make it easy to breed bacteria and have less disease.

Patio lighting

Yongding is near the Tropic of Cancer. It is open to the public and the hills are wide. Therefore, the sunshine time is relatively short, and the earth buildings are mostly closed and there is no balcony. The first floor and the second floor generally do not open windows, which is conducive to the invasion of burglar thieves. Because there is no balcony inside and outside the earth building, it is very important to collect light. As the earth building is facing south, the sun rises to the west, so at noon, the sun can shine on the patio, making the building full of light. Especially the round building, because of its large area, the larger the sunshine area, the more light is available, the sun can shine on every dead angle, and at the same time achieve the effect of moisture and moisture.

Yongding Earth Building

Roof waterproof

Most of the roofs of the Yongding Hakka Earth Building are double-sloping roofs with “herringbone shape”. They are located in Yongding, a subtropical monsoon humid climate with abundant rainfall and uneven spatial distribution. When the rainy season comes, its “human” shaped roof plays a vital role. The outer slope of the roof is longer than the inner slope, which helps prevent the collapse of the rainwater from seeping into the earth wall. In addition, its corners are made of stone, which is often high, which can prevent the corners from being washed away when the water is flooded. The earth building is made of earth. The most feared is the water. The Hakka ancestors have fully utilized their intelligence and solved this key problem.

Yongding Earth Building

Bamboo strip earthquake resistance

There are rumors that the Yongding Hakka earth building was built with “red sugar glutinous rice”. Actually, it is unrealistic to build such a huge earth building with brown sugar glutinous rice hundreds of years ago. It is permanently positioned near the Asia-Europe plate and the Pacific plate, and the crust is relatively unstable. This requires the Yongding Hakka Earth Building to be strong and earthquake-resistant, otherwise it will easily collapse. The Hakka ancestors learned from the previous earthquakes. When the wall was smashed, the bamboo strips were put into the wall as the current steel bars. Because the bamboo strips were hard and flexible, the overall performance was good, so when the earthquake occurred, the bamboo inside the wall The strip will be straightened, so that the wall is not easy to collapse. After that, the bamboo strip will be affected by the return of the round building, and naturally return to get a good earthquake-resistant effect.

Yongding Earth Building

Wall insulation

Yongding is in a subtropical climate with hot and complex climate. In addition, it is a mountainous place and the hinterland on the southeast coast is greatly affected by typhoons. In order to protect the wind and wind, when constructing the earth building, the mold plate can be prevented. The attack of the typhoon, the guns and mortars can not be attacked, play the role of the enemy, can also play the purpose of heat insulation, people living in the earth building have a feeling that it is warm in winter and cool in summer, even if it is summer It doesn’t feel hot, just like a natural air conditioner, let the Hakka ancestors survive and prosper in a comfortable environment.

In addition, the Yongding Hakka Earth Building is located in the mountain valley of the mountains and rivers, fully demonstrating the charm of its “small bridges and flowing waters”. Imagine if the Yongding Hakka Tulou relies on the vast plains, it will lose its majestic temperament, and if it is based on the low Jiangnan water town, it will be simple and unpretentious. Therefore, the geographical environment has a major impact on the construction of earth buildings and their characteristics. Therefore, when we talk about earth buildings, look at earth buildings, and taste buildings, we must learn to use geography to analyze and fully appreciate the wisdom and wisdom of Hakka ancestors, so as to better protect the earth buildings.

Yongding Earth Building

Representative building

Zhencheng Building

Located in Hongkeng Village, Hukeng Township, Yongding County, it is the most splendid Hakka earth building. It is a boutique of Hakka earth building. It is called “The Prince of Tulou”. It was built in 1912 and built according to the structure of the gossip. There is a firewall with a garden, school and so on. The inner ring also has a central hall, carved and painted, beautifully decorated, simple and elegant, combining Chinese and Western. Covering an area of about 5,000 square meters, it takes 5 years to build and costs 80,000 silver dollars. It is divided into two circles inside and outside. There are 4 layers in the outer ring, 48 in each floor, 6 in each of the eight lines, and one unit in the first floor. There is a firewall between the 卦 and the ,, which is connected by arches. The ancestral hall is a stage. There are four large stone pillars with a circumference of nearly 2 meters and a height of nearly 7 meters. The upper and lower sides of the stage are surrounded by 30 rooms and circled into inner rings. The second floor corridor has exquisite iron cast railings.

In April 1986, at the World Architecture Model Exhibition held in Los Angeles, Zhencheng Building and the Lama Temple and the Great Wall were listed as the three major buildings in China. The model was exhibited at the architectural exhibition as a representative of China’s north and south circular ancient buildings. Zhencheng Building has rooms, restaurants, bathrooms and sanitary equipment. The car has direct access to the building. According to the layout of the Book of Changes in the Book of Changes, there is a firewall between the structures and arches. The doors are closed and the doors are opened. There are two floors of circular towers in the building, as well as striking stone carvings, glazed tiles and iron grate railings. Among the inner rings is the central hall, with a gallery in front of the hall, supported by four large stone pillars nearly 7 meters long. The passage between the courtyards in the building is often separated by screens. The 2nd floor of the inner ring of the building is decorated with brick and wood imitation Western style, forming a unique style of “outside the earth, the combination of Chinese and Western.” There are many famous celebrities in the building, which fully demonstrates the cultural connotation of Tulou. Schools and other ancillary buildings are built on the left and right sides of the main building, making the overall shape look like a “black hat.” The structure inside the building tends to be exquisite, carved dragons and phoenixes, and the decoration is gorgeous.

Yongding Earth Building

Cheng Kai Building

Located in Gaotou Township, Yongding County, it is the earth building with the largest number of laps and the largest population. It is called the “Tulou King”. Built in the 48th year of Qing Emperor Kangxi (1709). The whole building is 73 meters in diameter, the perimeter of the corridor is 229.3 meters, and the whole building is three circles and one center. The outer ring is 4 stories high and 11.4 meters high. There are 72 rooms on each floor. The second ring and the second floor have 40 rooms on each floor. The third ring is a single floor with 32 rooms. The center is the ancestral hall, with a total of 400 rooms. The entire building area is 5376.17 square meters. “The four floors are high, the building is four laps, and there are four hundred up and down. The circle is round, the circle is lapped, and it has gone through three hundred years of vicissitudes.” During the heyday, more than 800 people lived, like a lively small city. Mr. Wu Boxiong, the political politician of Taiwan, once kissed the title of “Tulou Tulou King”. In 1986, the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications issued a set of Chinese National Residence stamps. The Fujian residential stamps were based on the Cheng Kai Building, which was named the best stamp of the year in Japan.

Yongding Earth Building

Yong Longchang

Located in Fushi Town, it is known as the tallest building. It is the most demanding earthen building. The building is limited by the terrain. Some of it is based on the beach. The filling project is very large. From the completion of the dam to the completion of the renovation, it takes 28 years to complete the whole process. The main building is five and a half stories high and covers an area of over 10,000 square meters. It is a combination building of Fanglou and Wufenglou. The main building is Fusheng Building and Fushan Building. There are 92 halls, 746 rooms, 144 stairs and 7 wells.

Yongding Earth Building

Memorial building

Located in Shangyang Village, Gaochun Township, Yongding County, it is the tallest earth building. It was built in 1851 (the first year of Qing Xianfeng). The outer wall is 136 meters wide and 76 meters long from north to south, covering an area of 10,336 square meters. The main building of the rear seat is 17 meters high and 5 stories high, with a total of 267 rooms. The main building on the left and right sides of the 51 large and small halls are vertically connected to a four-storey building, and the four floors of the front building parallel to the main building are closely connected. , surrounded by a huge square building, so surrounded by a large “mouth” word, a total of 280 rooms. . Inside, there is a set of small “mouth” shaped buildings, forming a unique “back” shape overall shape. It’s really “there are doors in the door, there are buildings in the building, and they overlap.” The locals call it “buildings”. In the middle is the ancestral hall. There are two schools in the front building, one left and one right. The children in the building can study in the building. There is a stone ping in the middle of the school. There is a gate building in front. The gate is 6 meters wide and 4 meters high. Behind the main building, there is a garden, a fish pond, and an attached building such as a boudoir and a barn.

Yongding Earth Building

Kui Ju Building

Located in Hongkeng Village of Hukeng Town, it is a square-shaped earth-building building with a palace-like structure. It looks like the Potala Palace. From a height point of view, the building and the ridge behind it are integrated into the city. For example, when the tiger is down, the Kui Ju Building is the “Tiger Head”. There are two windows on the wall in front of the building, like tiger eyes. The building is designed according to the geographical characteristics of the tiger. of. The designer is Wu Yi, a bachelor of Hanlin. He and the landlord Lin Kuiyang are brothers.

Built in 1834, it has been built in nearly five years. It has a history of more than 160 years. It covers an area of 6,000 square meters and is about 15 meters high. It currently houses 24 households with 107 people. In the past 100 years, there have been 4 people in the building who have taken the scholars and officials to more than seven items, more than 20 college students, and more than 40 overseas Chinese. Just as the front door of the couple said: “Kui Xinglang is a civilized, multi-ethnic family. Yusi meteorological new.” The building features of Kui Ju Building is high in the middle hall and low in the hatchback. After more than 160 years of wind and rain, it is like a mountain. The middle door does not open normally, and the guests come to open the middle door to greet. The carvings in the building were very beautiful and were destroyed during the Cultural Revolution.

Yongding Earth Building

Fuyu Building

Located in Hongkeng Village, Hukeng Town, it is an outstanding representative of the first type of earth building in Yongding House. Construction began in 1880, costing more than 100,000 Guangyang, and it took three years to complete, covering an area of over 7,000 square meters. The building was designed by Zhang Xingbing, a friend of the three brothers of the landlord (Lin Zhongshan, Lin Renshan, and Linde Mountain). Its structural features: on the central axis of the main building, the front is low and the rear is high, and the two horizontal houses are high and low, orderly and orderly. There are three gates in front of the building. There are small doors between the main building and the horizontal house. The exterior is integrated into one and the interior is divided into three major units. The floor and the wall are paved with local river pebble. The workmanship is very fine and harmonious with the natural environment. It is very harmonious. The shape is like three mountains, implying the meaning of the three brothers of the landlord “three mountains.” The name of the building is also inscribed by Zhang Xingbing.

Yongding Earth Building

Yan Xinlou

Located in Xiazhai Village, Hulei Town, it is the earliest existing earth building. Built in 769 AD, it has a history of more than 1,200 years and is the oldest one in the Yongding Hakka Earth Building Group. It covers an area of 1275.76 square meters and is four stories high. The wall is made of natural soil. There is no stone foundation in Yanxin Building. This is the architectural technique and architectural form of the ancestors of the Central Plains. It fully illustrates the relationship between the Yongding Tulou and the traditional houses in the Yellow River Basin. There is a four-meter-wide guard ditch around the building. There is a suspension bridge in front of the building. The bottom wall is mixed with lime and brown sugar, which is very strong. It is the living fossil of the ancient architectural culture of the Central Plains.

Yongding Earth Building

Jiqing Building

It is the earliest existing earthen building with round and most stairs. The third generation of Xu’s family in Chuxi Village was built in 1419 (Ming Yongle seventeen years). It is more than 580 years old. It is a long-standing and special structure in Yongding’s existing round building. Generally, the round building is small with two public staircases. The large one is set up with four stairs. The bottom floor is connected and the floor corridors are accessible. It is very convenient to communicate with each other. In this building alone, each floor is installed with stairs from the first floor to the fourth floor. Each floor is separated by wooden boards. Seventy-two stairs divide the whole building into seventy-two independent units. The rooms, stairs and partition walls are all constructed of Chinese fir materials. They are all connected by the neighboring hoes. They do not need a nail. They have also passed through nearly six centuries of wind, frost and snow. They are still standing upright with the two-meter thick earthen wall. . The Chuxi Tulou Group was formed in the early 13th century and was built on the same mountain. The earth building and the terraced terraces form a magnificent landscape, magnificent and magnificent.

Yongding Earth Building

Travel Information

Diet

The most economical when pushing the dumplings, a bowl of 3-5 yuan, is very Hakka, but the color is not very bright.
Featured dishes: Meicai meat, ginger wine chicken (Turkish duck) soup, dried bamboo shoots, stuffed tofu, peeing beef balls.
Generally, FIT can contact the landlord and eat with them. The average meal is about 10 yuan per meal. The Hakka cuisine is very authentic.
The farmhouse restaurant in Jiangyun, next to the Chengqi Building, is absolutely fair and has fruit to eat.
Local specialties:
Hakka homemade ginger sugar is definitely not to be missed. The Tulou ginger sugar is very different from the supermarket.
Maltose, must buy authentic, recommend a family, Cheng Kailou Ximen, ancestral three generations to make maltose for a living, do it once in two days, if time happens, you can also witness the whole process of maltose production.
Persimmons, in the Tulou Folk Culture Village, almost every household grows a lot, generally do not want to eat whatever money, except for the stalls on the road, but it is absolutely cheap; there are not many persimmons in the Chengqi Building.
Dried sweet potatoes, sweet potato chunks, and syrup pears are also famous.

Accommodation situation

Generally, the Tulou tourist attractions that collect tickets are available for accommodation. The price is 15-40 yuan per person. Generally, the low season is 20 yuan/night. The Golden Week will raise the price, but it will never exceed 50 yuan.
In general earthen buildings, there are water heaters for washing showers and fans. If there are no individual developments, please ask before you check in.
The accommodation in the earth building is more difficult, the most prominent is that the toilet must go downstairs.
There are not many power plugs in the earth room (about 2), and friends who like to blow the fan and charge the phone and camera should bring a small power plug.
There is usually only one light in the earth building. The rope switch of the lamp is far from the bed. Friends who get up in the middle of the night can bring a flashlight.
Friends who are allergic to skin are advised not to choose to stay in the earth building, you can go to the surrounding Xiaoyang Building.
Recommended accommodation, please call in advance to make a reservation before your stay.
Cheng Qilou Jiang Sheng’an (the son of Jiang Enqing) can definitely experience the life of Tulou, the location of Chengqi Building and the reputation of Jiang Enqing, and the warmth of this family make it the first choice for Tulou accommodation.
Yan Xianglou Su Hengrui, staying here is also happy, the conditions are similar to Cheng Qilou Jiang Sheng’an.
Zhencheng Building has a lot of accommodations, because I feel that the building is too commercial, so I did not choose to stay, but it seems that many choices, conditions and descriptions are similar.
Tianluokeng Huangliang Zhongtian Snail Hang Tulou Tourism Service Center Tianluokeng’s Tulou accommodation is not in the Tulou. There are three service centers with similar names. They are almost together, so don’t go wrong. The conditions are better than the average earth building. The same star rating is recommended for Chengqilou Jiangshenganjia.

Ticket price

Hongkeng Tulou Tickets 90 yuan Member price 85 yuan
Gaobei Tulou ticket 50 yuan member price 47 yuan
Zhenfu Building Tickets 50 yuan Member price 47 yuan
Hongkeng + Gaobei Tickets 120 yuan Member price 100 yuan
Hongkeng + Gaobei + Zhenfu Building tickets 140 yuan Member price 120 yuan
From October 1st, 2018, the coupon price of the two scenic spots of Hakka Tulou Folk Culture Village and Gaobei Tulou Group in Yongding Tulou Scenic Area dropped from 120 yuan to 98 yuan.

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