Geographic location:Quzhou City, Shanxi Province
Famous scenery:Yanmenguan Scenic Area
Opening hours: 8:00-18:00
Yanmenguan Scenic Area is located in the northern part of the ancient city of Daizhou. Nanzhong Zhongyuan, Beibei Moyuan, is an ambitious military defense project in ancient China. In the ancient times, the Northern Tombs and the West, the Warring States were listed as the head of the Nine, and the Northern and Southern Dynasties were called the North Gate, and the Ming Dynasty was listed as the Three Gates in Shanxi.
It is known as the hook, the west gate, the Xiguan Pass, and is famous for the Guanshan Xionggu and the Beisai portal. It is the treasure of the Chinese Great Wall culture and Guanyu culture. Yanmenguan Scenic Area was awarded as one of the top ten outstanding brands in Shanxi tourism in 2009.
In February 2017, it was newly promoted as a national 5A tourist attraction.
It is located outside the gate of the hook. The iron-wrapped door is named after the stone gorge is dark brown, which is a manual cut. The gate has a “V” shape with a top width of 30 meters, a bottom width of 3 meters, a valley depth of 200 meters and a length of 50 meters. The situation of the Guancheng City is dangerous. The barriers are strict, the east and west are about 20 meters wide, and the north and south are about 200 meters long. The existing surrounding wall base has 4 bases in the south and 1 beacon tower in the north. After the iron gate was set, the name of the hook was replaced by the name of Yanmenguan. Liang Jianwen Emperor “Yanmen Taishouxing” contains: “The hurricane is always in a hurry, and the cold frost is self-enriched. The horses are smashed at night and the side clothes are not heavy.”
It is located on the ridge platform on both sides of the iron-wrapped door. It was established during the Northern Song Dynasty and is a military station. It is also known as “Yanmen Sanzhai” with Xiqiao Village and Huyu Village. The situation is very dangerous. Shaoguan Mountain refuses to be in the original Yuguan. The poem contains: “The peak of the dangerous peaks of the south and the north, the rock and the geese have passed. This day, the vibrating clothes are deserted, when will the wing be accompanied by Yang and? The upper bound invades the Han, and the water falls into the human world. When it is hardworking and hardworking, there are not many Han moving.”
It is also a hook for Seokgu-do, with a total length of more than 30 kilometers. From the south to Taihe Lingkou, through Fulagou, Chengshang, Shiqianggou, Wujiayao, Heishiguangou, the more high-point iron-wrapped door, the next Zhaozhuang to Baicaokou, and then Liulin, oil room. At present, the ancient plate customs road is preserved intact, paving the stone into a road, with a hundred steps and nine folds, and the cliffs are cut. The poem contains: “Looking at the Yanmen Pass, / the mountain is unreachable. The birds fly low and the green is low. People are in the clouds. The tiger and the leopard are thousands of strong, and the thousands of stoves are idle. The Central Plains is so dangerous, to protect the unique face.”
That is, the ancient north gate of Guanyan Gate, commonly known as Baicaokou, is one of the 18th Yancheng Gate. There are two fortresses, the south is Taihe Fort, the north is Changsheng Fort, and the middle reaches of the mountains. During the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, Baicaokou was rushed to the north and south, along the ancient gate of Yanmen, and the past business travels continued. Shaoguan was built across the river, with 3 walls, 6 gates, 6 forts, and the East and West. There is a Tuen Mun Tuen Mun, the forehead is engraved with “Rongmin’s Animals”, and there is a fort, and the forehead is engraved with “Monkey Ridge”. According to legend, in the Northern Song Dynasty, the court was Pan Mei as the handsome, Yang Jiye as the pioneer to guard the North, the three troops came to Yanmenguan camp. Pan Mei let Yang Jiye stationed outside the gate, that is, the current Baicaokou. At that time, there was no name in this mouth. Pan Mei wanted the sheep to be afraid of eating grass, and he called it a grassland, trying to trap Yang Ye. Later, Yang Ye was framed by Pan Mei. The people commemorated Yang Jiazhong’s resignation to the country and hated Pan Mei’s rape. He changed the grassland to Baicaokou because the sheep were afraid of eating grass and eating white grass.
Located in the high ground of Xiguankou in Baicaokou, it is the former site of Guxiyu Town. It is connected to the ancient gate of Yanmenguan in the south, echoing with Taihe Fort, and facing the outer desert in the north, against the old Guangwu ancient city. It has a circumference of more than 500 meters, a stone-based brick wall, and a martial temple built in the northeast. The fortune of the fortune is engraved with the words “Changshengbao”. The last paragraph of the book “Wan Li Jia Duo Yu Shi Wu Renqing”, the next paragraph is “Buzheng to choose a gentleman.”
Monkey Ridge Great Wall
Monkey Ridge, named after the cliffs and stones are like monkeys. The Great Wall squats on it, such as the dragon and the waves, and the momentum is very majestic. For the thirty-three years of the Ming Dynasty (1605), the governor Li Jingyuan was built on the site of the ancient Great Wall. The top three brick pavements can be Walk the horse. It starts from Baicaokou in the west and reaches Xinguangwu in the east. It is 8 to 10 meters high and 4.6 meters wide. It has a total length of more than 5,033 meters and a building of 120 yuan per 120 meters. The enemy building is built on the outside of the Great Wall. The surface is 10 meters wide and 8 meters deep. The total height is about 15 meters. There is a hidden door, which is built in the area where the soldiers can be attacked and the outside can be washed. The door opening is 2.3 meters high and 17 meters wide. The existing intact enemy buildings have “needle hole”, “digging”, “strong”, “Tianshan”, etc. In addition, it is also a representative of the Great Wall of China in the Ming Dynasty.
It is located on the top of the north city of Taihe Lingkou. Because Taihe and Lingkou were once known as the immortal sacred, it is also called Shenxian Hengcheng. It is one of the famous Sanzhai in Daizhou. It was established in the Northern Song Dynasty and was the place where the military of Suikou was guarded.
Tick the hall
The site is hooked on the foothills, and the hook is plugged in the north. Because it is like a bucket, it is also called Beidoushan. It is also called Beidou Temple. The temple is built in the hall, there is a former hall, after the hall, as well as the main hall, the monument hall, the war building, the bell tower, the Jin Xianning first year of the hook monument. In the Song Dynasty, due to the praying rain, there were many spirits, and the seals were compliant with Hou, and there were five monuments. Jin and Yuan are also tired of Feng Shungong and Guangyou Ling should be king. In the early years of Ming Hongwu, it was renamed the Mountain Temple. Zhengde was rebuilt at the beginning of the year. There were 7 eyes under the seat of the gods.
Located on the east side of the ancient road, the north side of the ancient Guangwu City. “Yu Yu Ji” quotes “Tu Jing” cloud: “Wei draws for the county, the source is the canal, the water is injected into the city, the people rely on it.” At that time, the well water in the city was bitter, and the residents drove to and from the seven miles. The mountains and rivers enter the city and are one of the famous water conservancy projects in the ancient state.
Yanmenguan ambush battle site
Located in the ancient stone black stone ditch, it is 1000 meters long from north to south and 200 meters wide from east to west. In October 1937, the 120th Division of the Eighth Route Army was under the command of the Volunteer. He was led by the head of He Bingyan and the political commissar Liao Hansheng. On October 16th, according to intelligence, Datong had assembled more than 300 cars in Japan. The weapons and ammunition were loaded with Yanmenguan and went to the front of the gate. Through situation analysis and operational field investigation, the No. 4 Bridge and No. 5 Bridge were blown up on the evening of the 17th. On the 18th, the chickens called the troops to the ambush, from 10:00 am to 2:00 pm the next day. Four hours of fierce fighting, attacking nearly 500 Japanese vehicles invading China, killing nearly 200 Japanese soldiers and blasting dozens of enemy vehicles. The campaign is famous throughout the country.
Yangmingbao Airport Site
Located in the southwest of Yangmingbao Village, it was built by Yan Xishan. It was invaded by the Japanese army on July 1, 1937 and expanded into a rear military base for the Japanese invasion of China. In October 1937, the 375th 385th Brigade of the 129th Division of the Eighth Route Army, under the careful command of the head of Chen Xilian, successfully attacked the night, bombing more than 20 enemy planes, eliminating more than 100 Japanese troops, and effectively cooperating with the battle of the Mouth.
Tomb of Sun Chuanting
Located in the east of Xiahuazhuang Village, Yangmingbao Town. It covers an area of 7,000 square meters and has a height of 4 meters and a circumference of about 22 meters. Surrounded by red walls, there are pines and cypresses, bellows, tombstones, etc., brick roads, side stone people, stone horses, stone pigs, stone sheep, and former archway. The tomb destroyed the “Cultural Revolution”, and the existing member of the Qing Dynasty, Feng Lang, wrote the “Da Ming Supervisor, the Seventh Provincial Military Department, Shangshu Baigu Sun Gong, and Feng Shuren Zhang Shuren’s burial tomb”, which was engraved on six stone slabs, totaling more than 6,000 words. Life story.
The Mingyan Gate is located in Dongyuguan, and the Dongyuguan is named after the east of the mountain, which is the east of the mountain. “Tang Shu Geography” contains: “Yanmenguan has Dongyuguan and Xiyuguan.” Tang Zaixiang Du You Zeng Yun: “The East Gate is very dangerous, and the West Gate is a risk of hooking.” Xishangguan has equal emphasis on construction. In the Ming Dynasty, the Yanmen Pass was expanded at the Yudong Pass site, and the east and west wings were reconstructed in the Northern Song Dynasty. Each building has a strong castle, and the middle is connected by the Great Wall. It forms a new military defense system centered on Yanmenguan. From the Pingguan Pass to the Xuangang Pass, it stretches 300 miles.
Located in the East Shaoguan ruins, Ming Hongwu seven years (1374) Ji’an Hou Luheng was built in Daizhou. Ming Jingtai, Zhengde, Jiajing increased repair, Wanli rehabilitation, calendar for more than 600 years. Guancheng has a circumference of 1,000 meters and a wall height of 10 meters. The stone body is brick, and the interior is rammed earth. The door is triple, namely the East Gate, the West Gate and the Xiaobei Gate.
It is located outside the north gate of Guancheng, halfway through the city and half of the city. It has a secret door. Yuchengmen is commonly known as Xiaobeimen, the top of the stone coupons, and the three volumes of the book “Yanmenguan”. A pair of inlaid bricks on both sides of the slogan: “Three sides rushing to unparalleled, Jiu Sai respected the first level.” One word and one brick, according to legend, Mr. Fu Shan’s book. There is a building on the gate of the city, and the brick and wood structure is called the gate of the city.
The city gallery is a stone side wall with a circumference of about 10,000 meters. The south end is divided into two wings of the east and west of Guancheng, and the north reaches the bottom of the valley. The siege city gate is south to the north, and there is a Ningbian Building, commonly known as Mingyue Building, which was built during the Jiajing period of the Ming Dynasty. Beyond the gate of the city, there is a stone arch bridge connecting Guanguan Road. According to the “General Survey of Yanmenguan Geography”, there are 3 large stone walls and 25 small stone walls in order, which is the first line of defense for the enemy.
It is located at the commanding height of the east side of Guguan Road in the Guancheng City Gallery. It was built during the Ming Dynasty and was renovated during Zhengde. Dongcheng is a big brick city. The “General Survey of Yanmenguan Geography” contains: “Three hundred and fifty steps around the two miles, according to the mountains, innocent, six hundred mouths. East and West Gate 2, Yan Yanmen, Yan Yansai.” The city gate of Guancheng is connected to the city wall, and the west and the gate city of Licheng are connected to each other. The north ridge to the bottom of the valley is connected with the gate of the gate of the city. It is built with a barracks and horse stables.
The site is located on the west side of the ancient customs road in the Guancheng City Gallery. It is also built with the Dongcheng City and is a stone city. “Yanmenguan Geography General Examination” contains: “Shicheng Gao 1 zhang five, surrounded by two hundred and forty-nine nine steps, five mouths of the mouth, the city gate one. The city is a thousand households, warehouse one, grassland one.” Nanshun The ridge extends to the commanding heights of the Xicheng, and is integrated with the Bingbao. It is folded to the Xichengjiao Tower and the Tianshenmen City Wall in the north, and the Dongjingjiao Building is connected to the Dilimen and the City Wall. The city has a camp plate to guard the guards. There is a city wall in the west city and the east city. There are 1 corner building in the south corner and north corner of the city wall. There is a city gate and a city gate building in the middle. The Chengding Building, a tower of the city, is commonly known as the “Yanyue Building”. There is a school yard on the east side of Xichengmen.
Tianyinmen and Yanlou
Tianshoumen is the east gate of Guancheng, the stone block vouchers, and the volume of the book is “natural insurance”. The wall is set with a cornice, a door and a hole plate, and a bluestone paving road. There is a sacred building on the Tianyin Gate. It sits west to the east and has 5 faces wide and 4 deep, surrounded by corridors. The building is a heavy-duty mountain, with a front door and a brick wall. The back is made of bricks except for two round windows. The slab is covered with a bucket arch, which has an upturned shape. The roof is covered with a gray-gray tile. The two sides of the ridge are kissed at the ends, and the wind chimes are hung at the four corners. The building was empty and the soldiers were inspected and looked forward to.
Dilimen and Liulang
The location is the west gate of Guancheng, the stone body of the stone block, and the book of the frontal body is engraved with the word “land profit”. The door sits to the north and south, and the gate building is Yang Liulang, with Mengliang and Jiaozan statues on both sides. There are 1 Yangmenlang iron knife and 2 cannons on the tower. According to legend, the Suizhong Iron Knife left Yang Liulang in the Northern Song Dynasty during the Renzong period. At that time, Yang Liulang was stationed at the Yanmen Pass for the Marshal. It was during the winter season when the snow was closed. The three thousand soldiers and horses in the city were nervous. The Liao army took the opportunity to be heavily besieged, and Yang Liulang sent people to break out and rush to move troops. While encouraging the soldiers to stick to the city, the casualties of the two armies were very heavy. A few days later, the Liao army was still besieging, and the Song army reinforcements still had no news, and the grain and grass in the city would be used up. In the face of the enemies that swarmed, Yang Liulang really did not know how to deal with it. When he was in a state of distress, he was attracted by the scenes in front of him, but he saw two water-splitting gangs slipping the ice under his feet and could not struggle for a long time. When Yang Liulang saw it, he immediately made a decision, that is, the soldiers took the water city, and a bucket of bucket fell on the wall. The cold weather caused the water to fall into the ice, and the wall was frozen like an armor. When the Liao army attacked the city again, the city wall was so smooth that it was difficult to climb. From the ladder, the corpse was smashed everywhere. Yang Liulang took advantage of the situation to open the gate of the city, holding the cold sizzling iron knife and rushing to the front, defeating the enemies. The iron knife became the witness and symbol of Yang Liulang’s demise, winning with wisdom and winning less.
It is located on the east side of the Tiancheng Gate of Guancheng, also known as Wu’an Junyi, Jingbian Temple, and Zhenbian Temple. In order to commemorate the Warring States Period, Zhao Guoliang built Li Mu. The scale of the building is huge, there is a stone platform in front of the mountain gate, and there is a pair of flagpoles on the vertical stone, with a pair of stone lions. In the middle of the center, each step is built with a stone stone column and stone fence. On the two sides of the mountain gate, there is a second floor of the bell and drum. The brothel is divided into two parts. The front yard is a wing room on both sides. The front side of the temple is dedicated to Li Mu statue, and the back is provided with a Vedic image. Leave the hall on both sides of the hall and set up a warehouse. The main hall of the backyard is the Daxiong Hall, which has a Buddha and two Bodhisattvas. The main hall is the abbot, the right is the Zu Shi Tang, and the east and west rooms are the division. On the east side of the main hall, there is a kiln house porous under the steps, named Jiu Kiln and 18 holes, and the stone-based brick coupons used to be the Bingbao.
The site is located on the middle of the Zhongguan Road in Guguan Road. It is the cemetery for the death of the cemetery in Yanmenguan. The tombs are lined up, the tombstones are fabulous, all rely on the cliff face, and the atmosphere is solemn. In the spring, the wild flowers are ruined and loyal to the bones. The summer solstice is full of grass and the soul of the soul, and the autumn winds are mournful, and the winter is covered with white snow. Now the green grass is covered with sputum, and the stalks of the stalks are dyed with eternal loyalty. The poems contain: “White poplars and yellow grasses are running in the water / broken geese and drowning hangs the ancient hills. / / The ambitions are not paid for the air / the west wind blew the Wu hook.”
Located at the junction of Yingyinggou, Guannan Valley, it is close to the mountain and is in danger. During the peace period, it is the gateway to the trade, and it is the card of the customs during the war. “The first built Puji, Taiping Xiaoqiao Fanqi, people salty, and finally the bridge.” Stone arch pedestal flying rainbow in the deep, total height of 10 meters, width of more than 6 meters, span 50 meters, bridgeside There is a Changping Bridge monument.
Located in the north of Changping Bridge, Magong is a twin brother and served as the general soldier of Yanmenguan. According to legend, the Yanmen Guandao tiger disaster has become a disaster, and the night and night have repeatedly hurt the people and the past business travels, so that the bustling Yanmenguan Road has become a dead end. The Ma Gong brothers self-recommended to kill, the younger brother and the tiger struggled in the unfortunate death, the brother Cheng Zhizhi angered the tiger to the side of the road, so that Yanmen Guandao resumed the peace and harmony of the past. In order to commemorate the martial arts of the Ma Gong brothers, the local people donated money to establish a monument, and 曰 “Ma Gong killed the tiger.”
“Yanmen Guanzhi” contains: “Hooking the mountain, the ancient name is the ridge, the west is the west, the east is the east, the two sides of the stone are joined together, and the dynasties of the dynasties are mutually dependent. Shaoguan, Dongyuguan relies on defense; the Ming Dynasty is located in the east of Shaoguan, Xiqiaoguan is dependent on defense. The north gate of Guyanmen Gate is Baicaokou, the south mouth is Taihelingkou; the north gate of Mingyanmen Gate is Guangwukou, and the south mouth is south mouth. The Yanmenguan East and West Wings extend to the hustle and bustle, and the original level is set. The overall defense of Yanmenguan is summarized as “two levels of four mouths and eighteen”.
Yanmenguan Scenic Area is divided into two major blocks. They are Guyanmen Guanjing District and Mingyanmen Guanjing District.
The ancient geese gate is the iron-wrapped door. The former body is Beiling, Xiqiao, and the shackles. It is located at the site of Xiqiaoguan. Xiqiao is named after the west of the mountain, which is the west of the mountain. “Tang Zhi” contains: “Xi Xi, Guan Ming also, on the Yanmen Mountain, the east and west cliffs are steep, the road is in the middle, the circle is rugged, and the top is closed, which means that the West Gate is closed, and the Yanmen Gate is also closed.” It is an important political center of the border town of China. Major historical events such as “Han Gaozu Northern Expedition”, “Zhaojun Out of the Box”, “Song Qinhui Second Emperor Beibei”, and “Yang Family will be guarded by the Three Passes” are all related.