Xitang Ancient Town

Xitang Ancient Town

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Geographic location:Jiashan County, Jiaxing City, Zhejiang Province

Level:AAAAA

Famous scenery:Shipi Nong, Wufu Bridge

Opening hours:Open all day

Xitang Ancient Town belongs to Jiashan County, Jiaxing City, Zhejiang Province. It is located at the junction of Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Shanghai provinces and cities. The transportation is convenient. It is 90 kilometers away from Shanghai in the east, 110 kilometers away from Hangzhou in the west and 85 kilometers away from Suzhou in the north.

Xitang was included in the list of China’s World Cultural Heritage by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage. It is also China’s first historical and cultural town, the national AAAAA-level tourist attraction, and the World Heritage Protection Outstanding Achievement Award. Xitang has a long history and is one of the birthplaces of ancient Wuyue culture. On February 25, 2017, it was newly promoted as a national 5A tourist attraction.

Xitang Ancient Town

Historical evolution

Xitang, the ancient name of the pond. In the Ming Dynasty, the town was built, and the two towns of Yongan and Qianshan were first known as Xitang.
During the Tang Kaiyuan period (AD 713-741), the villagers built Ma Mingyu in Wenshuiyu.
In the first year of Xianqi (AD 1265), Tang Jiefu gave a donation to the house. The descendants of the Tang family, Xiang Xiang, lived in a diaspora, and they were called Hu Yuli in the following years.
Ming Xuande five years (AD 1430), Jian Jiashan County, the first county is located in the pond.
In the 12th year of the Ming Dynasty (AD 1447), the Taozhuang Taxation Bureau was relocated to the Tangtang, and the Minghongzhi was called the Xitang City.
Zhengde (AD 1506-1521), called Xitang Town.
In the thirty-five years of Jiajing (AD 1556), the city was destroyed by the invasion, and the market was destroyed in the west of the beach. Afterwards, it was moved eastward. Wanlizhong was renamed as Xitang Town.
In the 38th year of Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty (AD 1733), the Wangjiajiao of the township was set up by the county government.
In the eight years of Tongzhi (AD 1869), the Qiantang Street in the South of Tanggu Bridge was moved to the end of the Qing Dynasty.
At the beginning of the Republic of China, local self-government was implemented. The county was divided into 12 autonomous regions, and Xitang Town was the seat of the Xitang Autonomous Region.
In the 19th year of the Republic of China (AD 1930), the county was reclassified into four districts, and the third district of Jiashan County was set up in Xitang.
In the 23rd year of the Republic of China (AD 1934), the establishment of the revocation zone was directly under the county government, and the Xitang Town Office was set up in Yuqian Street.
In the early morning of the 21st year of the Republic of China (AD 1937), November 11 (the 9th day of the lunar calendar), Xitang fell.
In May 1949, Xitang was liberated, and on June 5, the Xitang District People’s Government was established.
In March of the following year, the People’s Government of Xitang Town was established and set up in the Rice Industry Office.
In June 1951, Xitang Town was changed to a county directly under the county.
In 2003, it was jointly named by the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development and the State Administration of Cultural Heritage as a famous historical and cultural town in China.
In 2005, Xitang was rated as a national AAAA-level tourist attraction.
In 2012, it was listed in the updated “China World Cultural Heritage Reserve List” by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage.
On November 17, 2017, Xitang Ancient Town was awarded the top ten ancient villages and towns that were most popular among netizens in 2017.

Xitang Ancient Town

Scenic layout

Xitang has a flat terrain and dense rivers. There are 9 rivers that meet in the township. The town is divided into 8 sections. 24 stone bridges connect the five areas of the ancient town into one. These ancient bridges are mostly single-hole stone-pillared wooden girder bridges. So far the protection is complete. Zhai Nong is another major feature of Xitang. It is divided into two streets that connect two parallel streets, the waters that pass through the river after the front of the street, and the side of the hall in the hall. The overall framework of the ancient town was constructed and connected to the new and old towns. The 2000-meter-long smoke and rain corridor is the most unique symbol of Xitang architecture. The gallery has backrest benches along the river side.

Xitang Ancient Town

Scenic spots

Stone skin

At the end of Xitang West Street, Shipi is 68 meters long and is made up of 216 stone slabs with a thickness of only three centimeters. It is the aisle between Wangjiazun Wentang and Zhifutang. As the skin of the sewer, the thin slate is called the stone skin. It is 1.1 meters wide at the widest point and 0.8 meters at the narrowest point. The top is a narrow sky. Therefore, the stone skin has the saying of “the first line of the sky”.

Xitang Ancient Town

Wufu Bridge

Wufu Bridge is located in the east of Burning Hong Kong, Ni Tianzeng Zuju Exhibition Hall. It is a single-hole stone bridge with a length of 14 meters and a bridge span of 7.5 meters. It is one of the oldest existing bridges in Xitang. It was built in the Mingzheng period and was repaired in Qing Dynasty. The 27th year of Guangxu (1901).

Xitang Ancient Town

China Button Museum

The button store is located on West Street. There are six exhibition halls: ancient button display area, modern button display area, modern button display area, shell button production process display area, button application area, Chinese knot display area, and there are masters presenting shells in the hall. Button production process.

Xitang Ancient Town

Ming and Qing Woodcarving Museum

The Ming and Qing Woodcarving Museum is located in the north of Hong Kong. The museum displays more than 250 pieces of wooden sculptures of residential buildings in the Jiangnan area, represented by Xitang since the Ming and Qing Dynasties. There are beams, beams, arches, fins, and lattice windows.

Xitang Ancient Town

West Line New Scene

The Xitang Tourism West Line entrance project started in 2001 with an investment of 150 million yuan, including an eco-tourism parking lot covering an area of 36,000 square meters; a comprehensive building covering an area of 1800 square meters and a building area of 5,000 square meters (including the office area) , tourist reception area, visitor center, service area); five-girl theme park with 3,000 square meters of Xitang water town features and human history (including five girls statue, five girls story brick wall, sow pavilion, ancient stage, etc.) As a tourist main entrance, a cruise ship dock was built, and 100 cruise ships could be docked at the same time. At the entrance, a new 6,500-square-meter tourist shopping area and tourist dining area were newly opened.

Xitang Ancient Town

Lufen Ginkgo

Lufen Ginkgo is in the mouth of the postal circuit in Xitang Town. There are two male and female couples. Planted in the Ming Hongwu years, has been more than 600 years ago. The male ginkgo is 13.5 meters high and holds 3.92 meters; the female ginkgo is 9.35 meters high and surrounds 3.08 meters.

Xitang Ancient Town

Ni Zhai

Ni Zhai, located in the south of Hong Kong, has five entrances before and after Ni Zhai. There is a gallery in front, and there is a garden in the back. The main hall is called Chengqing Hall.

Xitang Ancient Town

Smoke and rain corridor

The rain corridors in Xitang are concentrated in commercial areas such as Beizha Street, Nanzha Street and Chaonanyu. The so-called rain corridor is actually a covered street. There are also backrest benches on the side of the river. Most of them are brick and wood structures. They are generally 2-2.5 meters wide and can be shaded and sheltered from the rain.

Xitang Ancient Town

Historical figures

In history, Xitang has had 19 scholars and 31 people. Since the Ming Dynasty, there are nine people recorded in the book, and one hundred and three people have written works.

Xitang Ancient Town

Yang Mao, Zhang Cheng

Xitang two masters of arts and crafts, lacquer masters. Yang Mao’s work “Viewing the Reunion Box” has been preserved by the Beijing Museum of the Forbidden City. The work has also been printed as a stamp; Zhang Cheng’s “Red-Curtain Disc” was collected by the Shengzhonglai Camp in Otsu, Japan.

Xitang Ancient Town

Gu Xidong

Playwright, former chairman of Zhejiang Federation of Literary and Art Circles, dean of Zhejiang Yue Theatre. In 1954, he created the Yue Opera “Five Girls”, whose works are most famous for “Five Women’s Life” and “Han Gong Resentment”.

Xitang Ancient Town

Zhao Xianchu

Chinese contemporary educator. He graduated from Shanghai Jiaotong University in 1924 and has been teaching at Nanyang Model High School. He is the first batch of special teachers in Shanghai and is recognized as a “first-generation master” in the education field. He used to be deputy head of Xuhui District in Shanghai and a member of the Standing Committee and Vice Chairman of the Shanghai CPPCC.

Xitang Ancient Town

Ancient town value

Tian Ge

As the Xitang, which carries the remains of traditional culture, it has a thousand years of rich folklore and grassroots cultural heritage. Tian Ge is the original folk song in the Han nationality. It is the first batch of intangible cultural protection projects in Zhejiang Province and also the intangible cultural heritage of the world.

Xitang Ancient Town

Ming and Qing Dynasties

Xitang Ancient Town completely preserves 250,000 square meters of ancient buildings in the Ming and Qing Dynasties.

Xitang Ancient Town

Rhododendron

Azalea is a flower of Xitang, which has a long history of planting and can be traced back to the middle of the Qing Dynasty. According to the recent edition of “Xitang Township”, there are 145 species of Rhododendrons in Xitang, including 50 species of spring glutinous rice, 28 species of summer glutinous rice, 59 species of western medlar, 8 species of edulis, and 119 families of azaleas. Known as the “hometown of azaleas”, Xitang, in its heyday, has a total of more than 5,000 pots of rhododendrons, and there are many varieties, some of which have won awards at the National Azalea Festival.

Xitang Ancient Town

Rare ancient trees

Although many ancient trees are facing the threat of extinction due to various factors, the planting enthusiasts in the ancient town have tried their best to protect the ancient town and still retain many ancient and famous trees. At present, the oldest tree in the ancient town is two Ginkgo bilobas of the Ming Dynasty. It has a history of more than 600 years and it has witnessed the historical development of the entire ancient town. According to the statistics of the relevant departments, there are 123 trees in the ancient town of Xitang, which are more than 50 years old, 4 trees in 200-300 years old, and 2 trees in 400 years and above.

Xitang Ancient Town

Safeguard

Since the mid-1980s, the ancient town of Xitang has carried out scientific and rational urban construction planning in a timely manner, so that the original water town customs can be completely preserved. In 1986, Xitang Town invited Zhejiang University to prepare a master plan for urban construction and began to put forward the idea of ​​“protecting ancient towns and developing new towns”. On this basis, in 1996, experts from Shanghai Tongji University were invited to comprehensively protect the characteristics of the ancient town, and comprehensively revised the urban construction master plan from the aspects of the nature, functions and layout of the town. In January 2001, the Jiashan County People’s Government promulgated the “Interim Provisions on the Protection of Xitang Ancient Towns” in accordance with the “Regulations on the Protection of Historical and Cultural Cities in Zhejiang Province”. In 2003, Xitang Town compiled the “Xitang Town Industrial Park Planning”, “Xitang Town Tourism Development Plan” and “Xitang Town Environmental Protection Plan”. Through the preparation and implementation of this series of protective plans, the layout structure of the ancient town has been optimized, which has played an important role in ensuring the comprehensive protection of the ancient town of Xitang. The government department of Xitang Town has also formulated the policy of “protection first, rescue first”. So far, it has invested 275 million yuan for the construction of ancient town scenic spots, façade renovation, pipeline burial, dismantling of unharmonious buildings, river dredging and so on. Comprehensive rectification work was carried out to protect the style of ancient buildings and improve the quality of life of residents. Not only in the ancient town, it has repaired up to 250,000 square meters of ancient buildings in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. At the same time, in the process of building a new city, it has innovatively designed a new type of architecture that integrates classical and modern art, creating a first-class living environment for Xitang. In addition, the government department has compiled the “Science and Town Construction Planning of Xitang Town”. Through the various channels and methods, such as the government, associations and folk artists, the unique culture of the ancient town can be passed down and the historical context can be continued.

Xitang Ancient Town

Travel Information

Ticket price

Coupon: 100 yuan / person (including the five girls theme park and 11 attractions)
During the day cruise: 150 yuan / strip in the West District (with tickets, limited to 8 people); East District tour line 100 yuan / article (with tickets, limited to 6 people)
Evening cruise: only open the West District tour line 150 yuan / article (with tickets, limited to 8 people)

Public transit

Railway: Xitang is located in the center of Shanghai, Hangzhou and Suzhou. The trains are scattered in all parts of the country. The Shanghai-Hangzhou Railway connects Jiaxing Station and Jiashan Station. Both buses have direct buses to Xitang.
Aviation: Xitang is within a 2-hour drive from Shanghai Pudong International Airport, Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport and Shanghai Hongqiao Airport. The whole journey is high-speed and the road is smooth.
Tourism Special Line: For the convenience of tourists, the Shanghai Tourism Distribution Center (daily delivery) and the Hangzhou Tourism Distribution Center (weekly delivery) have opened the Xitang Tourism Line. The major hotels in Shanghai, Zhejiang and Jiangsu have opened the Xitang tourist route.

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