Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences

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Geographic location:Jinghong City, Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province

Level:AAAAA

Famous scenery:Celebrity name tree garden, Guoshuguo Garden, Bai Garden

Opening hours:08:00-18:00 (open all year)

Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden of Chinese Academy of Sciences, the national AAAAA-level tourist scenic spot, is located in Huludao, Yulun Town, Mengla County, Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province, China. It is the largest botanical garden in China with the largest collection of species and the most specialized plant-specific parks. It is also a collection of scientific research and species. A comprehensive research institution and scenic area that preserves science education.

The Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences was formerly known as the “Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden” founded by Professor Cai Xitao in 1959. After several reorganizations and reorganizations, it was approved by the Central Organization Establishment Committee in September 1996 and named Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Chinese Academy of Sciences.

On March 28, 2017, the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences was selected by the National Tourism Administration and the Chinese Academy of Sciences as “the first batch of China’s top ten science and technology tourism bases”.

Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Historical evolution

In May 1958, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden was built in Xishuangbanna Jinghong Daxie Longxiao Street. Due to the proximity of the border and social security, it was moved to Menglun Town of Mengla County at the end of 1958.
On January 1, 1959, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden was formally established in Huludao.
From 1959 to June 1970, the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences was established under the Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences.
In July 1970, the place was decentralized by the State Council and renamed as “Yunnan Provincial Tropical Plant Research Institute”, under the leadership of the Yunnan Provincial Science and Technology Commission.
In March 1978, it was approved by the State Council to be returned to the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and changed its name to “Yunnan Institute of Tropical Plants, Chinese Academy of Sciences”, directly under the leadership of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
In January 1987, the Chinese Academy of Sciences adjusted the system of three biological institutions in Yunnan. In addition to the experimental plant community research laboratory, it was transferred to the Kunming Institute of Ecology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The rest was merged into the Kunming Institute of Botany, and the name of the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences was restored. Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences.
In January 1987, the Plant Community Room of the Yunnan Institute of Tropical Plants of the Chinese Academy of Sciences merged with the Kunming Branch Ecology Room to form the Kunming Institute of Ecology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the rest became the Xishuangbanna Tropical under the jurisdiction of the Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Botanical garden.
Approved by the Central Editor in September 1996, the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden under the jurisdiction of the Kunming Institute of Botany and the Kunming Institute of Ecology merged into the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, an independent research institution of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
At the end of 1998, the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences became one of the first pilot units of the Knowledge Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
In July 2011, the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences became a national 5A-level tourist attraction.

Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Geographical environment

Location horizon

Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden of Chinese Academy of Sciences is located in Huludao, Yulun Town, Mengla County, Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province, China. It is 96 kilometers away from Jinghong City, more than 100 kilometers away from Mengla County, 101°25′ east longitude and 21° north latitude. 41′, covers an area of 11.25km2.

Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Climatic conditions

The Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences is located in the south of the Tropic of Cancer. The annual average temperature is 21.4 °C, which belongs to the northern tropical monsoon climate. It is characterized by abundant heat, no hot summer, no cold in winter, abundant precipitation, and distinct rain and rain.

Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Park resources

Preserving plants

As of September 2015, there are more than 12,000 live plants collected in the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, covering an area of about 11.25km2. There are 38 plant-specific areas and a primitive tropical rain forest with an area of about 250hm2.

According to incomplete statistics, there are about 1400 species of tropical plants in the park’s 38 different special parks, 130 families, and more than 1,000 species of plants, including the brown, short, and brown of the national protected plants. 458 species of palm plants, such as dragon palm, national first-class protection plant Wangtianshu, national second-class protection plant Yunnan Shijie, 榆 green wood, and precious wood teak, rosewood, Weinan red thick shell, etc. 20 A variety of tropical rare wood species; 121 species of gymnosperms such as Araucaria, Pinaceae, Cedaraceae, Cypress, Podocarpaceae, Cephalotaxaceae, Taxaceae, and about 150 species of Brassica; Zingiberaceae 170 More than 300 species of ferns, including more than 10 species of national key protection and rare ferns; Yujiu, Manjianghong, Eichhornia crassipes, American eucalyptus, Ziping, Dahuan, Lizi, Amaranth, etc. There are about 100 species (variety) of aquatic plants; 645 species (variety) of tropical flowers and plants; more than 250 kinds of bamboos such as giant dragon bamboo, bamboo, thorn bamboo, and glutinous rice fragrant bamboo; preserved grapefruit, mango, and fragrant banana varieties. Tropical famous fruit, 莽, persimmon, rambutan, longan, lychee Avocado, papaya, cacao beverage plants, can pull some wild fruit trees and a total of 641 kinds (varieties).

Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Travel Information

Main Attractions

Tropical rainforest scenic spot

The tropical rain forest covers an area of about 80 hectares and is used for the ex situ and in situ conservation of plants in Xishuangbanna and surrounding areas, including 7 tropical plants including Jiangyuan, Tiannan Xingyuan, Lanyuan, Ferns and Wildflowers. There are more than 2,000 kinds of seed plants in the garden/district, including more than 100 rare and endangered plants. The pristine tropical rain forest in the core area shows the typical characteristics of the tropical rain forest; large roots, strangulation, old stem flowers, sky gardens and large wooden vines hanging high in the sky, etc., can also be seen reflecting the geological history of the area. Mountain mangroves, pandanus trees. It is a comprehensive platform integrating species collection and preservation, scientific research and environmental education.

Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Celebrity name tree garden

Established in 1999, Celebrity Mingshuyuan covers an area of ​​55 acres and collects 275 species or varieties of tropical plants. The park has Acacia trees planted by Jiang Zemin, Li Limu, hand-planted by Li Peng, and Xiaoyeyi, hand-planted by Li Ruihuan. The “Wild Rainforest Giant” planted by Prince Philip of the World Wildlife Fund is Wang Tianshu, Prince of Japan’s Akihabara Palace. Hand-planted black Dalbergia, the Chinese Academy of Sciences dean Lu Jiaxi hand-planted saw bamboo tree, the dean of Zhou Guangzhao’s hand-planted Tianmumu and the dean of the comrade Lu Yongxiang’s hand-planted dragon blood tree, etc., the founder of the park, the first garden The dragon’s blood tree planted by Professor Cai Xitao, the second lychee planted by the singer, and the third planter, Xu Zaifu, was planted by the iron tree. The park also has the “Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences”, which shows the history of the botanical gardens. The commemoration of the founder Cai Xitao’s stone group carvings – “Trees and Seas” also collected a variety of exotic flowers in this garden, such as Cai Xitao The professor discovered and hand-planted the Cambodian Dragon Blood Tree, which is capable of extracting the precious South medicine “Huoxue Sheng Medicine”. The Dai Buddhist plant made the Bayeux, the bay leaf brown, the peacock shaped like a screen, the desert water storage tree – the traveler banana. The most poisonous plant in the world, known as “seeing the blood and sealing the throat” – the arrow poison wood, the old stem flower is edible – the burning flower, the flower-like mandala, the pretty yellow-brown And the sprinkling of golden enamel with different leaf shapes and colorful colors. In the garden, there is also the oldest iron tree in Xishuangbanna, the dimorphic Millennium Iron Tree King.

Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Baizhuyuan

The Baizhu Garden of the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences was built in 1965. It covers an area of 104 mu and has introduced more than 250 kinds of bamboo. It collects bamboos from southern Yunnan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, and tropical countries in Southeast Asia. There are many precious bamboo species, such as the dragon bamboo with a stem diameter of 25 cm, the bamboo belly like a Buddha belly, and the yellow and green. The golden bamboo and bamboo branches are covered with thorns, the glutinous rice bamboo used by the local Yi people to make bamboo rice, the vine bamboo with rare tree climbing and the phoenix bamboo with rich Yi style.

Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Guoshuguo Garden

The National Tree Garden was established in 1999 and is divided into six regions of Asia, South America, North America, Oceania, Africa and Europe. A total of 20 acres of land, collecting 58 national tree national flowers in 80 countries suitable for local growth. Such as Myanmar National Flower – Dragon Boat Flower, Lao National Flower – Plumeria, Libyan National Flower – Pomegranate Flower, Madagascar National Flower – Phoenix Wood, Belgian National Flower – Rhododendron, etc., and through the text and popular science commentary, so that the public can learn more about the customs and culture of each country. Knowledge of tradition, geography and geography.

Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Weinan Tropical Wild Flower Garden

The park covers an area of 31 acres. It mainly collects the germplasm resources of wild flowers in the southern part of Yunnan (referred to as the tropical and southern subtropical areas of Yunnan), and collects and preserves about 250 species of 65 species of wild ornamental flowers. The landscape is fully utilizing the principles of community ecology, and the plants such as Joe, Irrigation, Grass, and Vine are scientifically and rationally arranged, set off against 10 mu of water, and the flowers are red and the landscape is unique. The park has become a special type of park for plant germplasm conservation, scientific research, popular science education and eco-tourism.

Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Rare and Endangered Plants Ex situ Conservation Area

As of September 2015, the park’s rare and endangered plant ex situ conservation area covers an area of 90 hectares. It was protected and constructed in 1974, aiming at the protection and research of rare and endangered plants and tropical rain forest diversity. Through decades of collection, protection and construction, there are more than 3,000 species of higher plants, of which about 1,500 species are introduced, and more than 100 kinds of rare and endangered plants and key protected plants are preserved. There are also forest ecosystem observation towers and surface runoff observation stations for ecological research. At the same time, some special plant special parks have been built, which preserves the species and enriches the content of popular science education. The forest community in the area is marked by four trees and longan. There are typical tropical rainforest landscapes such as old stems and flowers, strangulation, single trees, and roots. The area has become an important base for research in ecology, forest ecology, and biodiversity conservation.

Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Wild orchid garden

The wild orchid garden covers an area of 9.08 mu and was established in 2000. With the aim of protecting and studying orchid resources, it is mainly engaged in the research on introduction, domestication, preservation and biological characteristics of orchids. Collection and preservation of Dendrobium, Vanda, Hedyotidin, Scutellaria, Fritillaria, Nymphaea, Spider, Spiraea, Dendrobium, Dendrobium, Shrimp, and Bamboo Leaves Nearly 200 species of wild orchids such as orchids, genus Cymbidium, Hydrangea, and Plumeria. The area has become an important base for the research of orchids in China.

Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Exotic flower garden

The Qihua Yimu Garden was built in 1999 and covers an area of 12 acres. It mainly collects tropical exotic flowers and trees, and displays it to the public by means of gardening and gardening. It plays an important role in popularizing botany and ecology knowledge. The park is divided into a fruit planting area, a grass flowering plant area, a flowering plant area, a sensing plant area, a botanical planting area, etc., and 254 species (variety) of exotic flowers and trees are collected. Among them are the old stem flower plant, the worry-free flower, the fruit plant mysterious fruit, the wood milk fruit, the cocoa, the balloon fruit, the milk cigar, the stalk-expanded stem plant bottle brown, the wine bottle orchid, the elephant leg tree, the Buddha belly tree Etc., the roots and tuberous swollen plant mountain tortoises, the world’s most flowering giant horse aristolochia, flower-like beard-like tiger whiskers, whiskers, flower-shaped and exotic safflower passionflower, golden cup flowers, double-lobed paper Fan, grass flower plant, shrimp flower, sun flower, etc., mosaic plant red mulberry, white margin agave, etc., induction plant dancing grass, shy tree, clock flower, etc., the lightest light wood of wood, the national protection plant fire tree Wait.

Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Wild edible botanical garden

The special category park is supported by the Science and Technology Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Based on the original wild vegetable plant special category park, it started in 2009 and has been completed in 3 years. The park covers an area of about 150 mu, and collects more than 400 species of wild edible and cultivated plant relatives, which are preserved in wild fruit-eating areas, wild flower-eating areas, wild edible stems and leaves, wild roots, and wild cultivated plants. The species are dotted around the districts. This is the world’s largest collection of wild edible plant species and the largest area of the park as of September 2015.

Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Aquatic Botanical Garden

The aquatic botanical garden covers an area of ​​15 mu and collects and displays a wide variety of aquatic plants in the tropics. About 100 species (variety) have been collected and preserved. The garden planted aquatic plants of different living forms according to the water wet environment and plant ecological habits, including: floating leaf plants – plant roots or underground stems rooted in the bottom, stems growing in water, petiole length can be extended with water level Long, leaves and flowers floating on the surface of aquatic plants, such as Wang Lian, water lily, medlar, Pampas grass. Floating plants – plants that float on the surface as a whole, roots are not born in the mud, plants that can drift around with the water, such as Yujiu, Manjianghong, Eichhornia crassipes, American eucalyptus, purple, big drift, eye dish , leek. Submerged plants – complete aquatic plants, most of which live in submerged life. They live in deeper waters. The roots grow in the soil. The leaves are usually linear and banded, such as goldfish and yellow snails. Algae, spirulina, etc. Water-producing plants – the lower part or the base sinks in the water, the roots or underground stems grow in the mud, and the upper plants rise out of the water, usually in shallow water or water. Such as lotus, papyrus, sedge, scallions, long-spotted bamboo stalk, white powder Taria, leeches, aquatic horseshoe, sage, diarrhea, scutellaria, lycopene, cane grass, calamus, Sage, yellow flower iris. Waterfront plants – grow on the shore or in damp places, like water and moisture, such as metasequoia, cedar, pine, wood hibiscus and so on.

Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Green Stone Forest Reserve

The Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences has an area of 225 hectares. It is located in the eastern part of Huludao. It has a beautiful natural environment and a forest coverage rate of over 90%. The typical limestone mountain forest vegetation grows more than 1,000 kinds of higher plants and is home to hundreds of species. wild animals. The landscapes of the various shapes of strange stones and lush rainforests in the area are everywhere, forming the rare wonders of “there are forests and stone forests underneath”, so it is called “green stone forest”. The Green Stone Forest Scenic Spot is a rare habitat for many rare and endangered animals, such as the double-horned hornbill, the gray langur, the peak monkey, the gibbons, and the rich tropical orchid resources. It is the return and integration of these rare and endangered animals and plants. Demonstration base for protection.

Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Hundred gardens

Bai Garden is the first scene of the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. It covers an area of 353 acres and now collects and displays 645 species (variety) of tropical flowers and plants. The 100 garden plant sets are mainly displayed in solitary plants, pure forests, large-scale collection of similar species, exclusive preservation of specialties, climbing and aquatic flowers and plants. And strive to be ingeniously combined with the topographic waters to form different viewing spaces, creating landscape effects such as “Day Girl Scattered Flowers”, “Layered Forests”, “Colorful” and “Flower Blossoms”. With the help of a large number of flower plants in the area, through the excavation of flowers and the connection between people’s daily life, beliefs and emotions, as well as the literary works such as legends, poems and other literary works created by literati in the past, in the form of couplets, calligraphy and plaques, etc. In the park, the scientific and cultural connotations of flower plants are fully demonstrated.

Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Baixiang Garden

Baixiang Garden covers an area of 86 mu and has introduced more than 104 kinds of important spice plants at home and abroad. There are world famous spices such as ylang-ylang, clove, sandalwood, earth agarwood, vanilla, nutmeg, peruvian, tolu, scented rosewood, ceylon cinnamon, cinnamon, white orchid, etc., also preserve important Native spice plants, such as high-grade acacia alcohol, geraniol, linalool, methyl eugenol-type fine-wool; high citral-containing yacon, high-yellow scorpion There are many camphor-like scutellariae, many of which are endemic to Yunnan, rare plants in the world, and have great potential for development and utilization. In addition, it also collects many traditional ethnic food flavors, such as the common fragrant raw materials of the local Yi people, such as lemongrass, hedgehog, and the fragrant raw materials of Yundang in the following year. It is the largest spice plant in China. Gene data bank.

Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Wild ginger garden

The Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences began collecting, domesticating and preserving Zingiberaceae plants in the 1960s, mainly focusing on the ex situ conservation of tropical and subtropical wild Zingiberaceae germplasm resources in China and Southeast Asian countries. The park covers an area of about 100 mu and preserves more than 170 species of 16 genera of wild ginger plants, including rare and endangered plants such as fennel amomum, pseudo-soybean meal, long-growed ginger, sea bream, important Chinese herbal medicine Amomum vulgaris, and Grass fruit, ginger, cardamom, galangal, turmeric, medlar, turmeric, closed-stem ginger, etc., as well as spices, pigments, starches, vegetables and beautiful ornamental ginger plants. The Wild Ginger Garden of the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences has become an important base for research on the classification, systematic evolution, pollination biology, ecology, phytochemistry, development and utilization of the family of ginger.

Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Ticket price

Tickets for the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences have been implemented in a “one-vote system”. The full ticket price is 104 yuan/person, and the free ticket policy for the elderly over 70 years old, active military personnel, disabled persons and children under 1.2 meters; the students, 60-69 years old, winter and summer camp, creative sketching, wedding photography, tourism team, etc. Discount ticket policy. According to the relevant regulations, the ticket price of the park during the “Spring Festival, May Day, National Day” is reduced by 20%, according to 83 yuan / person. Visitors can choose to book/pay tickets through the travel website, and visitors who book in advance can enjoy a special price of 94 yuan/person. In addition, the park’s popular science department also offers preferential activities for specific regions and special groups from time to time.

From October 1st, 2018, the ticket for Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden will be reduced from 104 yuan/person to 80 yuan/person.

Traffic routes

At the Jinghong Bus Terminal, take the bus to Yulun and Mengla, and get off at the Lunlun. The fare is 16~20 yuan, and the journey is about 1 hour and 10 minutes. From Kunming and Pu’er, you can take the bus bound for Mengla to get off at Yulun Town. It takes 10 minutes to walk from the Yulun Bus Terminal to the suspension bridge. After buying the ticket, the suspension bridge is the scenic spot.

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