Geographic location:Pingshan County, Shijiazhuang City, Hebei Province
Famous scenery:Former site of the CPC Central Committee
Suitable for the play season:Suitable for all seasons
Xibaipo is located in the middle of Pingshan County, Shijiazhuang City, Hebei Province, with a total area of 16,440 square meters. It was once the seat of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. The Party Central Committee and Chairman Mao here commanded the three major battles of Liao, Huaihai and Pingjin, which were shocked at home and abroad. The Second Plenary Session of the Seventh Central Committee of History and the National Land Conference liberated the whole of China. Therefore, it has the reputation of “New China is coming from here” and “China’s destiny is set in this village”. It is one of the revolutionary holy places in China. It is a national key cultural relics protection unit and a national AAAAA level tourist attraction.
On March 23, 1949, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the Central Military Commission, and the headquarters of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army moved from Xibaipo to Beiping.
In January 2017, the National Development and Reform Commission issued the “National Red Tourism Classic Scenic Spots List”, and the Xibaipo Scenic Spot in Pingshan County, Shijiazhuang was selected as the China Red Tourism Classic Scenic Spot.
Xibaipo, a small mountain village on the north bank of the Weihe River in the west of the mountainous area, is not only beautiful, but also rich in water and soil. According to historical records, Xibaipo was originally named “Bob”, which was built in the Tang Dynasty and was named after the cypresses on the back of the village. In 1935, a teacher of the village changed the “Bu” to “Slope” and lived in opposition to the “Dongbaibu” village. The name was changed to “Xibaipo Village”. She is located at the junction of the North China Plain and Taihang Mountain. In a sunny horseshoe-like mountain, surrounded by mountains on three sides, surrounded by water, Xiqiao Taihang Mountain, east of Yuzhong Plain, only 90 kilometers away from Shijiazhuang, a major town in North China. Convenient transportation, easy to defend and difficult to attack, both for the crisis time to retreat to the mountains, and when it is smooth, it is easy to march into the city. From the perspective of economic conditions, the villages in Xibaipo Village are densely populated, with a distance of 1-2 km, and distributed along the Weihe River. The mountains and waters are fertile, the land is wide and the grain is rich, and the rice and wheat are both ripe. Marshal Nie Rongzhen once said: “Pingshan County can be called Ukraine in the border area of Jincha.” The more developed agricultural economy is conducive to guaranteeing the economic supply of the military and civilians and providing a material basis for the party Central Station.
Xibaipo was chosen as the command center for liberating the whole of China and preparing for the new China. It not only has its unique geographical conditions and natural environment, but also has the revolutionary foundation and political advantages established over the years. The revolution of Pingshan County was launched earlier. During the Great Revolution, the organization of the Communist Party was established. By 1946, there were 608 party branches in the county, and the number of Communist Party members increased from 60 in 1931 to 19,535. The people listened to the party and the masses were compared. it is good. Since the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression, Pingshan County has been surrounded by two major bases of Jinchaji and Jinyu Luyu border areas.
Pingshan County is the seat of the Fourth Military Division and the Second Military Division of the Jinchaji Border Region. The Central Committee of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the Jinchaji Border Region Government, and the Jinchaji Military Region have also lived here for three and a half years. . Pingshan County is a model county in the Jinchaji Border Area, and Xibaipo is a model village. Xibaipo established the party in the winter of 1937. By 1948, there were 40 party members, distributed in 33 households, accounting for 12.3% of the total number of villages, accounting for 33% of the total number of households in the village.
There are many villages in Xibaipo area. Why did Xibaipo choose to be the resident of the Central Working Committee? Pan Kaiwen, the secretary of Commander-in-Chief Zhu De, participated in the investigation and selection at the time. He recalled: “We were thinking this way at the time: First, the village should be properly concentrated. In the future, some organs should come and be able to let it go (as for the central government, Mao The chairman did not come, no one said, we don’t even know, and that should be the future.) Second, the transportation should be convenient and easy to contact with the liberated areas; the third is the security issue. Although Hongzidian, Guosu, The village is very large, but the target is also large, and many people are not easy to keep secret. The village of Xibaipo is small, there is a small hill behind it, and it is separated from the surrounding village (about 1 km) for confidentiality. Conditions: Many houses in Xibaipo were burned by devils at the time, but the foundation is very good, easy to construct, and they will be concentrated in the future and convenient for work.”
In 1948, the Party Central Committee and Chairman Mao moved to Xibaipo, where they commanded three major battles that shocked China and foreign countries. In 1949, they held the Second Plenary Session of the Seventh Central Committee with historical turning significance.
Premier Zhou Enlai commented that “Xibaipo is the last rural command post of the Party Central Committee Chairman Mao to enter Peiping’s liberation of China. The three major battles are here, and the Second Plenary Session of the Seventh Party Congress is here.” After intense preparations, on July 12, 1947, the Central Working Committee was formally established in Xibaipo. Of course, in order to meet the needs of the war environment, the Central Working Committee was called “Working School” and “Labor University” at that time. Liu Shaoqi is the principal and Zhu De is the director. They are respectively referred to as President Hu (Hufu, Liu Shaoqi, alias) and Zhu Xiaodong.
After the Central Working Committee stationed in Xibaipo, it helped the Jinchao wild army to fight four large-scale wins and defeated more than 62,000 people. The liberation of Shijiazhuang was particularly famous.
On October 31, 1947, Zhu De participated in the meeting of the cadres above the headquarters of the Jinchao Field Military Region Command, and together with Yang Dezhi, Luo Ruiqing, Yang Chengwu, etc., drafted a strategic plan for attacking Shijiazhuang. On November 1st, he called Nie Rongzhen and Xiao Ke and asked Jinchaji Military Region to fully prepare for the recruitment of personnel. From November 6th to 12th, under the careful arrangement of Commander-in-Chief Zhu De, Jinchao Field Army smashed more than 24,000 people and successfully liberated Shijiazhuang. In summing up the lessons of combat experience, Commander-General Zhu readily wrote the “Seven Laws and Conquered Stone Gates”: “Shimen blocked the Taihang Mountains, and the Warriors opened their eyes to the room. Do not destroy the whole town, do not call Huma back to Qinguan. Open a new face, the people who have been trapped for a long time smile. The heroes of our party are really out of the country, and they don’t care about the spots.”
Xibaipo is one of the five revolutionary holy places in China. It is a national key cultural relics protection unit and a national AAAAA level tourist scenic spot. It is located in Pingshan County, Shijiazhuang City, Hebei Province, and belongs to the temperate monsoon climate. Once the seat of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee and Chairman Mao here commanded the three major battles of Liao, Huaihai and Pingjin, which shocked China and foreign countries, convened the Second Plenary Session of the Seventh Central Committee and the National Land Conference with great historical significance, and liberated the whole of China. Therefore, there is a reputation that “New China is coming from here” and “China’s destiny is set in this village.” “China’s destiny is set in this village”, this is the inscription of Comrade Zhu Muzhi, who was then the director of the Office of the Publicity of the CPC Central Committee.
In May 1947, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China selected this place. In mid-May 1948, Comrade Mao Zedong led the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the headquarters of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army to move here, making this ordinary mountain village the “last rural command post to liberate China.” “To become the command center for the Chinese Communist Party to lead the national people’s and the People’s Liberation Army and the Kuomintang in a strategic decisive battle and the creation of a new China.” Since then, Xibaipo has emboldened an immortal historical monument with its unique contribution to the history of the Chinese revolution. “New China is coming from here.” This is a famous quote written by Comrade Yan Tao in his creation of the Xibaipo documentary “Dongxing Man Ji”, and as a subtitle of this documentary literature (in 1999 when the book was reprinted) Use this as the name of the book).
Xibaipo Central Committee of the Communist Party of China
Covering an area of 16,440 square meters, the main opening to the outside world are Mao Zedong, Zhu De, Liu Shaoqi, Zhou Enlai, Ren Bishi, Dong Biwu’s former residence, the Military Commission War Room, the Second Plenary Session of the Seventh CPC Central Committee, the September meeting site, and the CPC Central Committee. The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the Shanghai People’s Peace Delegation represented the former site, the air defense tunnel and the former site of the Central Organ Primary School. In March 1982, the State Council announced that the former site of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was the national key cultural relics protection unit.
Xibaipo Exhibition Hall
The building area is 6,100 square meters and there are 12 exhibition rooms. The exhibition content is based on the activities of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China in the Xibaipo period in the late period of the Liberation War. It uses a large number of cultural relics, photographs and historical materials, supplemented by high-tech means such as painting, sculpture, landscape, phantom imaging and half-scape painting to show the CCP. The great revolutionary practice of the central government in Xibaipo. The name of the museum was inscribed by Comrade Deng Xiaoping.
Xibaipo Stone Carving Garden
It is located on the Bapo Ridge, surrounded by water on three sides. It covers an area of 11,000 square meters and was opened to the public in 1997. The park draws on the characteristics of classical architecture and southern gardens in the architectural design. The monuments are back and forth, and the pavilions are scattered and scattered. The garden name is Bo Yibo and Shu Tong’s ink treasure. Among them, there are more than 320 works by the older generation of revolutionaries, celebrities from all walks of life, and famous Chinese calligraphers.
It is located on the south side of the parking lot and on the top of the mountain behind the memorial. The total height is 20.5 meters. The name “Xibaipo” is the handwriting of Comrade Deng Xiaoping. The inscription is the inscription of Comrade Jiang Zemin’s inscription for Xibaipo in 1991. “Keep in mind two realms and build socialism with Chinese characteristics.”
Five leaders bronze statue
Located in the center of the Xibaipo Memorial Hall Square, with a height of 2.5 meters and bronze statues, it artistically reproduces the joy of the first generation of the Communist Party of China during the Xibaipo period and the infinite glory of the future.
Xibaipo Youth Civilization Park
Covers an area of 4,600 square meters. In the garden, flowers and sculptures are intertwined, and there are even more famous people saying that the revolutionary traditions and the times and civilizations are integrated.
National Security Education Exhibition Hall
It was jointly built by the Ministry of National Security, the Hebei Provincial Department of Safety, and the Xibaipo Memorial Hall. The exhibition area is 770 square meters, with 114 pictures, 85 objects, 22 abstracts, 7 dynamic models, 3 scene restorations, and 1 art relief. The exhibition fully utilizes the latest concepts of museum science, through the combination of virtual and real contrast, dynamic and static design methods, multimedia, concave mirror imaging, phantom imaging and other forms of display to profoundly interpret the struggle history of our party’s hidden front, the entire exhibition integrates education and thought. Science, art and one.
When General Huang Zhen visited Xibaipo in 1988, the inscription “New China came from here.” Xibaipo has a glorious history, and the people of Xibaipo have made tremendous contributions in different historical periods.
During the revolutionary war years, the people of Xibaipo rushed to the front and joined the army to participate in the war. More than 200 children of Baipo were gloriously sacrificed. In 1958, in order to build the Gangnan Reservoir, the people of Xibaipo moved from the fertile rice grain river to the Gaogang dry ridge. The per capita arable land area was changed from the original 5 mu to 0.3 mu, and the production and living conditions were extremely bad, especially in 1998. After the South Reservoir was designated as the drinking water source of the provincial capital, the aquaculture, industrial and mining enterprises in Xibaipo were banned to protect the ecological environment by conserving water sources, and the mountain farms were banned from grazing, mainly to develop red tourism.
Xibaipo is located in the middle of Pingshan County, 45 kilometers away from Pingshan County, 85 kilometers away from Shijiazhuang, the provincial capital, and 79 kilometers away from the entrance of Shijiazhuang, Beijing-Shijiazhuang Expressway. The 207 National Road runs through the whole territory. All 16 administrative villages are scattered on both sides of the national highway. convenient.
The newly built Xibaipo Expressway can be directly accessed from Shijiazhuang City.
The Xibaipo Memorial Hall in the whole country is located in the center of the town. With the development of tourism, there are more than 500,000 people visiting here every year.
Xibaipo is 30 kilometers away from the small Guilin Tiangui Mountain in the north, 90 kilometers away from the Wutai Mountain of the Buddhist holy land, 70 kilometers away from the summer resort, 35 kilometers away from the Gushan Ancient Capital Site, 40 kilometers away from the hot spring health resort, and is the transit station for the above tourist attractions. . The town party committee and government have built the Xibaipo Forest Park by the rapid development of tourism, planting 1.8 million trees for greening, viewing and various economic trees. In the park, 24 scenic spots such as exams, return, Keyuan, and Zodiac Garden were added. The air in the scenic area is fresh, the birds are singing, the blue waters of Baipo Lake are rippled, and the sails are a little bit. It is a good place for fishing, boating and vacation. At the same time, the Xibaipo Peony Garden, which covers an area of 300 mu and has more than 110 varieties and more than 30,000 peony trees, was built. The Peony Festival was held every year from April to May when the peony was in full bloom.
The Xibaipo Memorial Hall is the memorial site of the Chinese Revolutionary Site. Xibaipo is located in Pingshan County, Hebei Province. It was the headquarters of the Communist Party of China and the headquarters of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army in the late period of the Liberation War. It was the last rural command post to liberate the whole of China. In 1958, the reservoir was built and the revolutionary site was relocated. Beginning in 1970, the site of the Central Committee of the CPC in Xibaipo was restored and restored with a total restoration area of 16,440 square meters. In 1977, the new Xibaipo Memorial Hall was built with a building area of 3,344 square meters. On May 26, 1978, the site of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the memorial hall were opened at the same time.
The collection of the museum has many originals, and there are more than 2,000 pieces of revolutionary cultural relics, of which 15 are first-class products and 8 categories. The basic display includes a restoration exhibition of revolutionary sites and an auxiliary display of the memorial. The restoration exhibition includes the old residences of Mao Zedong, Zhu De, Liu Shaoqi, Zhou Enlai, Ren Bishi, and Dong Biwu. The site of the Second Plenary Session of the Seventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the September meeting of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the headquarters of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army, and the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China met with the former site of the Kuomintang peace representative. The auxiliary exhibition of the memorial, through the cultural relics, literature, pictures and materials, systematically reflects the revolutionary practice activities of the CPC Central Committee and the leaders during Xibaipo.
Local customs. Xibaipo has a simple folk customs and profound cultural heritage. Phoenix Mountain, Wohu Mountain, Tangta Temple, Jiangjunpo, Mother Mountain and Lushan Mountain all have beautiful and moving legends. Xibaipo people are outstanding, and the central ministries and commissions have worked and fought here. It is the cradle of the birth of New China.
Xibaipo is rich in dried and fresh fruits such as persimmons, black dates, high-quality thin-skinned walnuts, Chinese apricots and jujubes, and small grains in the mountains such as pepper, beans, peanuts, gluten, sorghum, etc. In addition, the farmer has free-range eggs and has good taste and high nutritional value. Also popular with tourists.
Culture and education
(1) Xibaipo’s education quality ranks among the top in the county. There is one middle school in the territory. It is hoped that there will be three primary schools and the enrollment rate of students will reach 100%.
(2) There is a health center in the center of the township, and there is a health center in the village, which basically meets the needs of patients for medical treatment.
(3) Xibaipo Cultural Station is one of the pilot cultural stations in Hebei Province, with a construction area of 1,100 square meters. The cultural station is equipped with a library, computer room, multi-functional classroom and fitness and music equipment. It has complete functions and excellent conditions to satisfy the people. The growing cultural needs of the masses.
Xibaipo is one of the five revolutionary holy places in the country. Mao Zedong held the Second Plenary Session of the Seventh Central Committee and directed the famous three major battles. He traveled 1 million times a year. Xibaipo Town is surrounded by water on both sides, 30 kilometers along the waterline, and the 207 National Road runs through the whole territory. It has invested 30,000 mu of Xibaipo Forest Park, planted 7,000 acres of cypress trees, pine trees, torches and walnuts, and apricot plums, and built a 1,000-mu peony garden, which has added a new landscape to the revolutionary holy land. In 2002, three development zones were planned: 1. The economic forest and ecological forest construction project in Yangli, the area of the mountain farm is 1,500 mu. 2. Huojiagou ecological treatment project, with an area of 915 mu. 3. Chenjiatun Ecological Forest Project, with an area of 1,500 mu.
Preferential policies: 1. Merchants can use existing water, electricity, road and other facilities for free. 2. Contracting, leasing or buying out undeveloped barren hills, exempt from contracting fees for three years. 3. Within five years, agricultural tax, agricultural and forestry special product tax and local tax will be exempted. 4. In the development project of Xibaipo, the relevant naming rights of “Xibaipo” and Holy Land can be used free of charge. 5. For the introduction and introduction of investment in our town, according to the length of the introduced funds, the interest rate is high and low, and the intermediary is given a one-time reward of 1-30%. 6. All management and scientific and technological talents employed in the town will enjoy high salary and retirement insurance benefits.
Xibaipo Town is located in Taihang Mountain, with a total area of 55,000 mu and a forest area of 27,000 mu. The area has the largest inland water surface in North China with a surface area of 7,000 acres. The area is located in a warm temperate zone and is a semi-arid continental monsoon climate with four distinct seasons, cold and dry winters, hot and rainy summers, and an average annual temperature of 12.5 °C. The superior geographical position, developed economy, solid mass base, and moderately distributed villages make Xibaipo the best choice for the Central Working Committee.
Xibaipo is the cradle of the birth of New China. All departments and previous leaders of the higher level are very concerned about the development of Xibaipo, giving strong support to policy, politics and capital.
In 1991, when General Secretary Jiang Zemin inspected Xibaipo, the inscription “keep two important things in mind and build socialism with Chinese characteristics.”
When General Secretary Hu Jintao visited Xibaipo in December 2002, he asked Xibaipo to first submit an excellent answer in the journey of building a well-off society in an all-round way.
On March 20, 1948, the Party Central Committee made a decision to move to North China and merge with the Central Working Committee. On March 23, Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, Ren Bishi and other leaders led the Party Central Committee to cross the Yellow River in Sichuan, Wukou County, Sichuan Province, and bid farewell to the North Shaanxi base where the life fought thirteen degrees in the Spring and Autumn Period and moved to Xibaipo. On March 24th, he arrived at the Central Post Office, Shuangta Village, Linxian County, Shanxi Province. On April 11th, he arrived at the Nanzhuang Village of Luanping County, the resident of the Jinchaji Military Region. On April 23, Zhou Enlai and Ren Bishi were part of the staff who arrived at Xibaipo in advance, and the Party Central Committee and the Central Working Committee met successfully. On May 1, the Party Central Committee began to work in Xibaipo, and the former Central Committee, the Working Committee, and the Post Committee were revoked. Mao Zedong stayed in the Soviet Union for a period of time, and arrived in Xibaipo on May 26. At this point, the five central secretaries of the CPC Central Committee met in Xibaipo after a period of more than a year. It marks the successful completion of the strategic great transfer of the Party Central Organ. Since then, Xibaipo has become the leading center of the Chinese revolution at that time. At that time, China’s new-democratic revolution was at a major turning point, and the People’s Liberation War was on the eve of a strategic decisive battle. In order to win the strategic decisive battle, the Party Central Committee merged the two liberated areas of Jinchaji and Jinci, Shandong and Henan into the liberated areas of North China. From September 8 to 13, the Party Central Committee held an enlarged meeting of the Politburo in Xibaipo, the “September Conference”, which was prepared intellectually, organizationally, and materially for the strategic battle. Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, Zhou Enlai, Zhu De, Ren Bishi, Peng Zhen, Dong Biwu and other members of the Politburo and 14 members of the Central Committee, alternate members and 10 important staff attended the meeting. The venue is located in two central canteens in the Central Courtyard. The meeting stipulated the party’s strategic principles and tasks according to the new situation of strategic counterattack. With the theme of “the army is moving forward, production is one inch long, discipline is strengthened, and the revolution is invincible”, the previous work was summarized and the army was proposed. Millions, about five years or so (from July 1946), fundamentally defeated the strategic task of the Kuomintang’s reactionary rule. The meeting mainly solved five problems: First, can it fundamentally defeat the KMT in five years or so? Second, what kind of country is the KMT established? Third, how to strengthen discipline and realize the transition from guerrilla warfare to formal warfare? Fourth, how to restore and develop production and guarantee the victory of the war? Fifth, we discussed new democracy and socialism, expanded the party’s democratic life, improved the party committee system, trained and prepared a large number of new district cadres, raised the theoretical level of cadres, and strengthened the issues of trade unions, youth, and women’s work. All party comrades are required to work hard to overcome the undisciplined, unorganized, localist and guerrilla tendencies. The meeting adopted the “Resolution of the Central Committee, Sub-bureaus, Military Regions, Military Commission Branches and the Former Committee to the Central Committee to Request the Reporting System” and the “Committee of the CPC Central Committee on Convening Party Representatives and Representatives Meetings”.
From September 12 to January 31 of the next year, the Party Central Command commanded the Northeast Field Army, the North China Field Army, the East China and the Plain Field Army, and the North China Military Region troops successfully carried out the shocking of the Chinese and foreign Liao, Huaihai, and Pingjin.
The three major battles. The liberation of peace and economics in the northeastern part of the country; the liberation of the Central Plains region of the Yangtze River and the North China region. The total elimination and adaptation of the Kuomintang army was more than 1.54 million people. The main military forces of the Kuomintang were basically eliminated.
With the rapid changes in the war situation, from January 6 to 8, 1949, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China held a meeting of the Politburo in Xibaipo to discuss and adopt the resolution on “The current situation and the party’s mission in 1949.” The resolution pointed out that 1949 and 1950 will be the two years of victory for the Chinese revolution nationwide. The resolution also pointed out that “after the liberation of Peiping, it is necessary to convene the second central plenary meeting of the seventh session” and “convene a political consultation meeting of democratic parties and people’s organizations without representatives of the reactionaries, and establish the People’s Republic of China through a common program. Form the Central People’s Government, etc. From March 5 to 13, the second meeting of the Seventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was successfully held in Xibaipo.
The venue is located in the staff canteen of the central government of the Central Government. The southern half is the venue and the north half is the service office. The front of the venue is adorned with portraits of Chairman Mao and Commander Zhu and the party flag. The entire venue was neat, simple and solemn. Zhou Enlai and Ren Bishi also personally checked the layout of the venue. There were 34 members of the Central Committee and 19 alternate members, including 12 members. Chairman Mao Zedong presided over the meeting and delivered an important report entitled “The Situation and Tasks since the First Plenary Session.” Put forward various guidelines for promoting the revolution to quickly achieve national victory and achieve this victory; it stipulates the basic policies that the party should adopt after the national liberation, political, economic, and diplomatic aspects, as well as the transformation of China from an agricultural country to an industrial country, and a new democracy. The general task and main way of transforming a socialist society into a socialist society; wisely pointing out that winning the national victory is only the first step in the long march and warned the whole party to “make comrades continue to remain modest, cautious, not arrogant, and not guilty.” The style must ensure that comrades continue to maintain the style of hard work. This meeting is necessary and sufficient to promote and greet the national liberation and liberation, and to ensure that the Chinese revolution achieves a great strategic transformation, politically, ideologically and theoretically. Preparation.
On March 23, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the Central Military Commission and the headquarters of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army, starting from Xibaipo, advanced into Beiping. Before leaving, Mao Zedong summoned the cadres and security personnel of the central government directly, and warned everyone: “We are going to enter Beiping. We are entering Beiping, but Li Zicheng is not in Beijing. They have corrupted in Beijing, and our Communists entered Beiping. Continue to carry out the revolution and build socialism until communism.” The Party Central Committee only lived in Xibaipo for ten months, but in the history of the Chinese revolution, it left a glorious and splendid chapter, ushered in a new China like the rising sun. . Xibaipo has thus become a holy place for the Chinese revolution like Jinggangshan, Ruijin and Yan’an.
During the period of Xibaipo, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was the great historical turning point of the Chinese revolution and the most successful and brilliant period of the party’s democratic revolution. In Xibaipo, the CPC Central Committee not only led the new democracy to achieve national victory, but also opened the way for the transition from new democracy to socialism in order to realize the transformation of the party’s work from rural to urban, from war to construction. During the Xibaipo period, Mao Zedong Thought continued to be enriched and developed, including military ideology, strategic and tactical thinking, especially the idea of establishing the people’s democratic dictatorship, the people’s congress system and the multi-party cooperation system, and proceeding from the national conditions and taking the Chinese-style construction road. The idea of building a new democracy to socialism has been further enriched and improved. The glorious history and successful experience of the Party Central Committee during the Xibaipo period created the great Xibaipo spirit. This is a revolutionary spirit that represents a historic turning point. It is a new stage in the development of the spirit of the proletarian revolution in China. It is the continuation and development of the spirit of Jinggangshan and the spirit of Yan’an. The spirit of Xibaipo is not only our party, but also the precious spiritual wealth of our Chinese nation. In the new era of reform, opening up, and socialist modernization, it is particularly worthy of our in-depth study and development.
The Xibaipo Memorial Hall, Comrade Deng Xiaoping wrote the name of the museum.
On September 21, 1991, General Secretary Jiang Zemin inspected Xibaipo and wrote the inscription: “Keep two necessities in mind and build socialism with Chinese characteristics.”
On December 5 and 6, 2002, General Secretary Hu Jintao and the comrades of the Central Secretariat came to Xibaipo to study and inspect. Relive the speech of Comrade Mao Zedong at the Second Plenary Session of the Seventh Central Committee of the Party, bearing in mind the “two musts” advocated by Comrade Mao Zedong in the past, starting with himself, and calling on all comrades in the party, especially leading cadres, to vigorously carry forward the style of hard work. In order to realize the goals and tasks set by the party’s 16th National Congress, we will forge ahead and unite and struggle.
In 1950, the Central Old District Visiting Group gave instructions on strengthening the protection of the Xibaipo Revolutionary Site and related cultural relics. The local party committee and government immediately conducted preliminary collection of revolutionary cultural relics. In 1955, the Hebei Museum sent a special person to Xibaipo to carry out the maintenance and arrangement of the sites and cultural relics, and jointly established the preparation office of the Xibaipo Memorial Hall in conjunction with the local government. In 1956, the former site of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was listed as a provincial-level cultural relics protection unit by Hebei. In 1958, due to the construction of Gangnan Reservoir, the old site was inundated, and the original building and Xibaipo Village were moved to the hillside of the village. The restored building is the central compound of the East Bank of Xibaipo Village, with a total area of 16,440 square meters. The reconstructed building basically maintained the original appearance of the old site. The building in the courtyard is roughly divided into two parts. The front from the east to the west are Zhou Enlai, Ren Bishi, Mao Zedong’s former residence, the People’s Liberation Army headquarters (the Central Military Commission’s combat command room) and Liu Shaoqi, Dong Biwu’s former residence. The northeast corner of the back is the old residence of Zhu De. Between the two parts, the northwest direction of the hills, is the site of the “September Conference”, the site of the “Second Plenary Session of the Seventh Central Committee” and the former Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. Commander-in-Chief Zhu De stayed close to Liu Shaoqi during the Central Working Committee. In order to welcome the arrival of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the Working Committee has newly built three cave-style houses for Mao Zedong in the ravine behind the station. However, after the arrival of Mao Zedong, he insisted on living in an ordinary cottage in the west of Ren Biao, and gave the new cave to the old Zhu De.
At the beginning of the Central Working Committee, there was no wall of the compound. After the arrival of the Party Central Committee, a two-meter-high earthen wall was built outside the hospitals for Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, Zhou Enlai and Ren Bishi for safety. And they dig a bomb shelter on the hillside behind their house.
On June 24, 2010, Li Keqiang, member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and Vice Premier of the State Council, made a special trip to Xibaipo to visit the former site of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China during his investigation in Hebei.
Entering the Xibaipo Memorial Hall area, the first thing you can see is the giant door that lifts the sun. It tells us that New China is coming from here. The image library on the west side of the parking lot has a building area of more than 3,300 square meters. The information and entertainment are integrated; the imposing Xibaipo Monument stands in the pines and cypresses. The name of the monument is “Xibaipo”, which is the handwriting of Deng Xiaoping. The inscription on the tablet is engraved with Jiang Zemin’s inscription on Xipupo on September 21, 1991: Bear in mind the two musts and build socialism with Chinese characteristics.” Around the tablet, the party’s central government came to Xibaipo, the National Land Conference, the three major battles, the Second Plenary Session of the Seventh Central Committee, and the founding of the country to Beijing. The four reliefs vividly reveal the historical contribution of Xibaipo and the great practical activities of the party during this period. On both sides of the monument are the former site of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the Xibaipo Memorial Hall.
The Xibaipo Memorial Hall broke ground in 1976, with a total area of 13,400 square meters and a building area of 3,344 square meters. On May 26, 1978, on the occasion of the 30th anniversary of the party Central Committee and Chairman Mao’s arrival in Xibaipo, the former site of the CPC Central Committee and the Memorial Hall were opened to the public at the same time. The memorial hall is divided into two levels, a stepped courtyard, surrounded by corridors and built along the mountain. The exhibition exhibition in the museum integrates the modern facilities of sound and optoelectronics, which showcases the historical status and far-reaching influence of Xibaipo.
On March 11, 1982, the former site of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was announced by the State Council as a national key cultural relics protection unit. Xibaipo, like Jinggangshan and Yan’an, is now one of the 100 national patriotic education demonstration bases named by the famous revolutionary memorial sites and the Central Propaganda Department.
Today’s Xibaipo, in front of the blue waves and mountains and rivers of Xibaipo Lake, behind the slopes of the cypresses, Songtao bursts of Xibaipo Ridge, the lakes and mountains complement each other, forming a beautiful scenery of the charm of living alone.
Today’s Xibaipo has become an advanced unit of national spiritual civilization construction, a national key scenic spot and an AAAAA tourist attraction. Qian Qichen, the former vice premier of the State Council, praised him as “a revolutionary holy land and a good tourist destination.” In May 2002, the Xibaipo-Tianguishan Scenic Spot in Hebei Province was approved by the State Council to be included in the list of the fourth batch of national-level scenic spots.
The journey is very difficult, and the business is difficult. If you want to know the road to victory, please see Xibaipo.
Why did the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China choose Xibaipo?
As for why the central government chooses Xibaipo, the basic consensus has been formed in the party history circle. First, Pingshan has an important strategic position, convenient transportation, superior environment, ability to retreat, and ability to defend and attack. It is an ideal war command. Second, Pingshan is rich in products, which can guarantee sufficient support for the organs. It was praised by Marshal Nie Rongzhen as “Ukraine in the border area of Jinchaji”; the third and most important factor is the good foundation of the party and the masses. In this regard, the Party Central Committee and Chairman Mao in the Yanan period through the newspapers and comrades from Jinchaji, through the head of the Jinchaji border area stationed in Pingshan, through the “Pingshan Group” to defend the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Region, has a preliminary The Pingshan Party organization is strong, the number of party members is large, the political quality is high, the model leadership plays a good role, and the enemy struggles firmly; the Pingshan people love the motherland, love the Communist Party, love the children, diligent and simple, loyal and reliable, not afraid of rape, The courage to sacrifice has made a major contribution to the victory of the War of Resistance Against Japan.
During the Anti-Japanese War, in Pingshan County, with a population of only 250,000, 70,000 people joined the army and 100,000 participated in the war. In the eight-year war of resistance, Nie Rongzhen and Peng Zhen led the party and government organs in the border area, and they had three and a half years of fighting life in Pingshan. This piece of land soaked in the blood of the martyrs, these eloquent hero models, these honest and honest fathers and villagers, left a deep impression on the central government.
Both Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai gave a very high evaluation of the location of Xibaipo. Zhou En said: “Xibaipo is the last rural command post of Chairman Mao and the Party Central Committee to enter Peiping’s liberation of China. The three major battles are here, and the Second Plenary Session of the Seventh Central Committee of the Party is here.” On April 11, 1948, Mao Zedong moved to northern Shaanxi. After crossing the Wutai Mountain, he was pleased to say to Nie Rongzhen, who came to meet him: “When it came to Jinchao, just like in the rejuvenation of the country, the masses met us and smiled.” Arrived at Xibaipo Later, he said to the leaf dragon: “Xibaipo is really a good place, this command is well chosen!” It should be said that Li and his comrades have paid a long time to build this liberation of China’s general headquarters and base camp. The hard work has made an indelible contribution.
On February 26, 1973, Zhou Enlai made the following inscription for Xibaipo: “Xibaipo is Chairman Mao and the party Central Committee entered Beiping, the last rural command post to liberate all of China, commanding the three major battles here, opening the party The Second Plenary Session of the Seventh Central Committee is here.”
Xibaipo – the destination of red tourism!
Xibaipo – a holy place for patriotic education.
Xibaipo – New China is coming from here!
Why did Chairman Mao choose Xibaipo as the last rural command post on the day of the 1940s? Comrade Cao Muzhen, who was the secretary of the Pingshan County Party Committee, came to Yan’an. At a rally, Chairman Mao glanced at Cao Muzhen and asked him. Road: “Where are you from?” Cao replied: “Pingshan people”, Mao “oh”, and asked: “What work did you do before?” Cao replied: “Dan County Party Secretary.” Mao said: “When you are a secretary of the Pingshan County Party Committee, you must be familiar with Pingshan. I am trying to understand the situation in Pingshan.” So Chairman Mao and Cao Muyu talked long…
At the beginning of the Anti-Japanese War, the people of Pingshan actively joined the army. The three main divisions of the Eighth Route Army were incorporated into the two groups of Pingshan children. These two regiments fought in the north and south and repeatedly built wonderful achievements. They were kindly called by Comrade Nie Rongzhen: “The Taihang Mountain Iron Child soldiers.” Later, Wang Zhen’s 359th Brigade opened a new earthquake in Nanniwan. During this period, the mother of the soldier who saved the wounded and injured was also seen. In the arduous era of the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression, Comrade Nie Rongzhen opened up the Jinchaji border area. Nie Rongzhen’s footprints have traveled to many places in Pingshan. In the eight years of the war, Nie Rongzhen’s Jinchaji was called “model parade” by Chairman Mao. “. Here, the folk customs are simple, the area is vast, and the mountains and rivers are the same. At that time, there were more than a dozen villages around Xibaipo, which were called large villages in Pingshan. They were located on both sides of the Weihe River. They were rich in soil and rich in resources. They were called “Ukraine in the border area” by Nie Rongzhen.
Chairman Mao has learned from the messages of people from all walks of life and Nie Rongzhen’s feedback that Pingshan Xibaipo and its surrounding areas are a very good place. It is a rich place that can accommodate thousands of horses and horses. If necessary, you can borrow it.
In 1947, Hu Zongnan made a large-scale attack on Yan’an, and the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China met in a meeting. He decided to set up a central working committee. Liu Shaoqi and Zhu De went to Xibaipo to carry out their work, and then stationed in the former station of Xibaipo. Chairman Mao, Zhou Enlai, Ren Bishi continued to stay in northern Shaanxi and Hu Zongnan. The intention of Chairman Mao to stay in northern Shaanxi is that the command post who has lived for more than ten years cannot be easily left to the enemy and must be arrogant with Chiang Kai-shek. The second is to boost morale. In the enemies of the enemy, I am not moving, and can greatly stimulate the will of the soldiers of the whole army. Facts have proved that Chairman Mao’s move is an amazing big deal.
Liberation of Shijiazhuang on November 12, 1947. The liberation of Shijiazhuang is of great significance. It was the first city that the People’s Liberation Army won in the hands of the liberation war. Its liberation made Jinchaji and the Jin, Shandong and Henan liberated areas connected together, cutting off Chiang Kai-shek’s north and south. The channel of contact. This year, the “Chinese Land Law Outline” was promulgated in Xibaipo. The people in the liberated areas were divided into land and realized that “the cultivators have their fields.” At this time, the days in the liberated areas are clear days, and the people in the liberated areas like them.
With the step-by-step advancement of the Liberation War and the changes in various battlefields, Chairman Mao completed his stated goal in Northern Shaanxi. At this time, he looked at the situation in the country with the eyes of a strategist. “Heavenly, geographically, and “It is a necessary condition for the military to win. How to choose an ideal command post to guide the liberation of the whole country?” Chairman Mao fell his eyes on Xibaipo in Pingshan. Xibaipo’s “Tianshi” (Shijiazhuang has been liberated, no threat to near enemies, Jinchao and Jinxi and Luyu are connected together), “landy” (a vast territory, rich in products), “people and people are simple and simple, the mass base is good The leader of the leader is the heart. So Chairman Mao crossed the Yellow River, passed Yanmenguan, Wutai Mountain, and stopped in Chengnanzhuang to the long-awaited Xibaipo. Here, he and Chiang Kai-shek will start a decisive battle to determine China’s future destiny.
Xibaipo Highway is an important part of the provincial highway and a red tourist road with important political significance. Since the project started in June this year, the traffic system workers of our city have been working day and night to make a high-quality, high-standard first-class road.
The Xibaipo Highway starts from Shiyan Highway and ends at Xibaipo. Adopting the standard of two-way four-lane first-class highway, the width of the roadbed is 23 meters and the length of the route is 27.5 kilometers. The total budget investment is 745.6 million yuan. The planned construction period is 24 months and it is expected that all projects will be completed in June 2010. At present, the project is progressing smoothly. The roadbed excavation has completed 1.84 million cubic meters, and the progress has been more than half; the backfilling is 1.48 million cubic meters, and the progress is nearly half. The Dazhong Bridge completed 87 bored piles, and the tunnel was under construction. The completed investment totaled 220 million yuan.
In order to build the project into “sunshine engineering, high-quality engineering, security engineering, clean engineering, typical demonstration project”, the Municipal Transportation Bureau carefully planned the preliminary work, refined the construction site management, and strengthened quality management. At the same time, it requires on-site civilized construction to maximize the protection of the ecological environment. It is clearly required that the construction unit should have special environmental protection measures in the construction organization design, and focus on strengthening the dust prevention measures of the waste disposal yard. In order to prevent soil erosion, it is necessary to carry out vegetation protection on both sides of the line, and establish a road-field boundary line to reduce the damage to mountain vegetation as much as possible, and to occupy as little as one green space and less one tree. In order to ensure the progress of the project, the transportation department put forward the goal of “Dagan 100 Days”, increased the management of construction organizations, personnel and machinery, and strived to complete 80% of the roadbed projects within the year.
The construction of the Xibaipo Highway is of great significance to improving the traffic conditions of the revolutionary holy land Xibaipo, enhancing the influence of the revolutionary holy land, and promoting regional economic development, adding a beautiful landscape to the provincial capital and the revolutionary old district of Pingshan County.
The Xibaipo Scenic Area is free of charge (requires free admission at the Scenic Visitor Center), no major reception tasks, no closed days without rest.
About 9:00-17:00 (about 16:20 every day, clearing at 16:30, but the time will be slightly adjusted according to the number of tourists)
From Beijing self-driving along the Beijing-Shenzhen Expressway to the Shitai Expressway exit to Shitai Expressway, take the Shiqing exit, take Shijie Road through Pingshan County to Changyu Ridge, turn right along the Xibaipo Tourist Highway through Gangnan, Sujiazhuang took the 207 National Road to Xibaipo.
At present, Xibaipo Expressway leads directly to Xibaipo. It takes about 40 minutes from Shijiazhuang to Xibaipo.
There is a direct bus to Xibaipo Scenic Spot in Shijiazhuang Passenger Transport North Station. You can also take the Pingshi Express from Shijiazhuang to the Pingshan County Bus Station, then transfer from Pingshan County Bus Station to Xibaipo.
The number of trips from Shijiazhuang North Bus Station to Xibaipo is three times a day: 6:50 9:40 14:00
Xibaipo North Pendant Troupe was founded in the spring of 1986. The current group is located in Zhengding County. The troupe is the Shenze Pendant Drama Group. The Shenze Pendant is also known as the Northern Pendant. Shenze County is the birthplace and circulation center of the sinking opera. The drama is widely spread in the south-central part of Hebei, eastern Shanxi, western Shandong, and northern Henan. The drama originated from the Liuyi Henan Pendant. After passing to Shenze, Hebei Province, it absorbed the Peking Opera, Hebei Scorpion, Pingju, Henan Yu Opera, Zhoukou Yuetiao, and the essence of Henan Opera. It is the only major genre of rare operas in the country, with distinctive plate accents. It sang the rich local characteristics of the people of Hebei. It has the characteristics of easy-to-understand language and rich local flavor. The dozens of beautiful and beautiful plates are praised by the audience. The show is dedicated to large-scale costumes and Taiwanese dramas. There are more than forty actors in the Xibaipo North Puppet Troupe. The main actors are Kang Minfang, Shi Shugang, Bao Cuiling, etc., which are mainly young, from the mountains to the plains in the past 20 years to the singing from the city to the countryside, in the eyes of the audience. It left a beautiful and deep impression. In May 2006, the troupe of the troupe was recorded by the Beijing Electric Market Imaging Publishing House as a national disc, which was promoted to the fans of the country.
Baipo Home is located on the bank of Baipo Lake in Xibaipo Tourism Scenic Spot, Pingshan County, Hebei Province. It is 20 meters away from the former site of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. It has beautiful scenery and pleasant scenery. It can be seen from the window and overlooking the lake and mountains.
She was established in response to the government’s call to build a new countryside, divided into two parts: the Homeland Hotel and the Home Garden Restaurant. The rooms in the hotel are simple and hygienic, with hot showers, TV, air conditioning and other equipment. The restaurant consists of Baipo Lake Restaurant and Hongdu Restaurant, which are delicious and affordable. They have the characteristics of Baipo farmhouse cuisine.
Baipo Home is like a warm home, giving visitors a comfortable and relaxing journey.
She is a window for visitors to understand the new West Bank, a vivid embodiment of the new socialist countryside, and a vivid template for the hard work of the countryside.
Ticket price of Xibaipo Memorial Hall: Free of charge, no ticket, you can get the ticket directly at the ticket office.