Geographic location:Northwestern Hunan Province
Famous scenery:Huangshizhai, Yaozizhai, Jinbianxi, Shili Gallery, Xihai, Baofeng Lake
Opening hours:6:30 am – 18:30 pm
Wulingyuan is located in the western part of Hunan Province, about 400 kilometers away from Changsha, the provincial capital. This is a national-level famous tourist scenic spot consisting of Zhangjiajie, Suoxiyu and Tianzishan. It is listed by the United Nations as a World Natural Heritage List. The total area is 369 square kilometers, including 53.5 square kilometers of national first-class protection areas, 55.5 square kilometers of secondary protection areas, and 203 square kilometers of tertiary protection areas. There are 14 roads with 70 kilometers and more than 560 scenic spots.
The strata of Wulingyuan Scenic Area are mainly composed of red sandstone and quartz sandstone. After long-term geological changes, water flow cutting and weathering and erosion, a rare sandstone peak and canyon landscape is formed. Thousands of Shifeng dangerous rock flats are uplifted and their shapes are different. . It is a rare group of Qixiu Peak, a colorful lake waterfall, a charming cave rock palace, and a vast green forest. Everything is full of primitive natural beauty. Visitors come here like entering a magical world and a flavorful artistic landscape promenade. It is no wonder that many people sigh “This painting screens!! Wonderland?!”
Zhangjiajie City is located in the northwestern part of Hunan Province, the source of the water, the hinterland of Wuling Mountain, with a total area of 9,563 square kilometers. Its climate belongs to the mid-subtropical mountain prototype monsoon humid climate, with an average annual temperature of around 16 degrees Celsius and pleasant seasons.
Before the 1980s, Zhangjiajie was not known to outsiders. Since the discovery of this magical land by the painter Wu Guanzhong at the end of 1979, it has spread. Now it has become a rare and comprehensive comprehensive tourist attraction in the country with a large scale, including mountains, caves, flats, rafting and ethnic performances.
Wulingyuan is a scenic spot in the northwest of Hunan. It is not like other famous mountains and rivers. The long-established Wuyue, Huangshan, Guilin and so on have been famous for thousands of years, while Wulingyuan has been unknown until the 1970s. The great painter Wu Guanzhong accidentally came here and dumped the landscape here. He could not help but sigh “the pearl is left in the mountains.” Since the 1980s, Wulingyuan has finally gained fame due to the development of tourism. It has also been named because it is located in the middle of the Wuling Mountains.
Wulingyuan is a national first-class protection zone. It has entered the UNESCO World Natural Heritage Protection List. It is a rare sandstone rocky forest landform. It has the reputation of “the labyrinth of nature” and “the first mountain in the world”. Zhangjiajie is China’s first forest park, with more than 3,000 peaks. The four walls of the rock peak are like a knife and axe, neat and strange. The main tourist spots are Huangshizhai, Yaozizhai and Jinbianxi. “Shanqi Shuixiu” is its characteristic. The famous photographer Chen Fuli once said: “A good life is famous for mountain tour, Qingyan wonders into the lens; Sanshan Wuyue survey is beautiful, and China’s scenery is first.” Suoxi is at the junction of sandstone and limestone. It is not as steep as Zhangjiajie, but it is also known as “Shili Gallery” and “Xihai”. Attractions include Shili Gallery, Xihai, Baofeng Lake and Huanglong Cave. Here the Tiansheng Bridge is quite dangerous. Zishan has four wonders of “cloud, moon, night, winter snow”, each with its own charm. The combination of these three scenic spots constitutes a unique landscape of Wulingyuan Scenic Spot.
Also known as Qingyan Mountain. Located in the southwest of Wulingyuan Scenic Area, it is located in the middle of Wuling Mountain Range and covers an area of 133 square kilometers. Provincial key nature reserve. In 1982, the Ministry of Forestry approved the first national forest park with a jurisdiction of about 80 square kilometers. For thousands of years, it has not been visited by tourists since 1979, and it has been officially opened to the outside world. It is therefore known as the jewel of the landscape. Zhangjiajie is famous for its rock. More than 2,000 strange peaks and rocks in the area rise from the ground. Some are like Yuzhu Qingtian, some are like copper walls, some are dangerous, some are moving like pontoons, with beautiful moving stories and legends. A group of strange natural sculptures, such as the Condor’s Whiplash, Golden Rooster, Xiaohai Golden Turtle, Tianshu Baoyu, Lushan Mother, Qianlixianghui, Nine Dragons, Xitianjing, Husband Rock, Wanglang Peak, Drunk Luohan Wait, all into the gods into the painting, vividly. Zhangjiajie is secluded with water, the mountain spring between the rock walls and the submerged stream in the pebble in the valley, and merges into 5 mountain streams such as Tunxi, Huaxi, Jinbianxi, Mine Cave and Shadaoxi, and 4 white sand springs. 2 cliffs and waterfalls. The largest Jinbianxi collects other streams and flows down the river. The lakes are deep and clear, the water tastes moist and sweet, and the two sides are cut and smashed. Oh, the flowers are blooming, forming a natural landscape of Danqing. Zhangjiajie also uses Lin Jianxiu, a green treasure house and a natural zoo. The forest coverage rate of 97.7% makes the mountains and plains everywhere. The original secondary forest trees are towering and inaccessible. Among the 517 species of woody plants in 93 families, there are Wutong Rare tree species such as ginkgo, Liriodendron, red oak, Padang Mulian, and Metasequoia. There are many rare birds and animals in the red rock and green trees. There are 6 orders, 13 families and 41 species of birds, and 27 species of mammals. The famous ones are backwater chickens, golden pheasants, red-billed acacias, dragonflies, Macaque, flying tiger, big cockroach, etc. The climate in Zhangjiajie is warm in winter and cool in summer, looking at the mountains, looking at the sea of clouds, watching the sunrise, enjoying the snow, and enjoying the four seasons. Zhangjiajie’s peculiar geographical features and beautiful natural scenery have been called “the hero of Mount Tai, the danger of Mount Huashan, the show of Guilin, the wonder of Huangshan, and the beauty of the mountains.” There are 5 scenic spots in Huangshizhai, Yaozizhai and Shadaogou. There are hundreds of scenic spots.
It is located in the northeast of Wulingyuan Scenic Area, connected to Suoxiyu in the east and Zhangjiajie in the south, with a total area of about 100 square kilometers. Provincial key nature reserve. The main peak Tianzi Peak is 1262.5 meters above sea level, the lowest point is south 峪, 534 meters above sea level. According to legend, at the end of the Yuan Dynasty and the beginning of the Ming Dynasty, the leader of the Tujia uprising army turned to Da Kun, claiming to be the emperor of the family. He once led 30,000 troops to compete with the court. After the failure was surrounded, he drank three times, from the Yuanjiajie Shentang Bay rock mouth, even the people jumped with the horse, turned into the emperor to sit on the peaks and other strange stones, Tianzishan hence named. The Tianzi Mountain is high in the middle and low in the surrounding area. It can be viewed from three sides in the southeast and west. The perspective line is long, the picture is wide, and the landscape is many. From the high point of view of Tianzi Mountain, Wulingyuan Qianshan is in full view. All kinds of newly developed and unique shapes are concentrated on the mountainside. Dense and steep peaks and columns, spectacular waterfalls, sacred bridges, rock gates and caves are incomparably beautiful. In particular, the huge rock wall that is more than 20 kilometers long and up to kilometers is folded into a road, and the rock mouth and the rock bay are stretched and contracted. On the rocky raft with an altitude of more than 900 meters, there is a curved and flat path. There are 69 rock bays along the way, 84 observation decks, and nature’s ingenuity is amazing. Shentang Bay is surrounded by thousands of acres, covering an area of more than 150 acres. The bay is deep and the bottom is not strong. It is arrogant and has been inaccessible since ancient times. Tianzi Mountain has water and shows, the water is clear by the forest, and the fine water pearls ooze out from the dissolved rock. The surface of the sandstone with an altitude of about 900 meters flows to the surrounding area, forming numerous spring creeks and waterfall curtains. There are 1 overpass, 2 Tianchi, 4 Tianmen, 5 caves, more than 80 observation decks and several waterfalls scattered in Shijiatang, Chapanta, Laowuchang, Fengqishan and Huanglongquan. Wait for 5 scenic spots.
It is located in the east of Wulingyuan Scenic Area, connected to Zhangjiajie in the southwest, and adjacent to Tianzi Mountain in the northwest. It covers an area of 180 square kilometers. The central military floor is the seat of the government of Wulingyuan District. It is now a provincial key nature reserve. The mountainous landforms of Suoxi and Zhangjiajie and Tianzishan have both commonalities and unique features.
The peaks here are developed earlier, the peaks are wide, the valleys are wide, and more than 2,000 peaks rise from the ground. The Nantianmen, with its megaliths, the Shili Gallery, which is a fascinating day, the Baizhang Gorge, which is in danger, and the Xihai Stone Forest, which is surrounded by clouds, has become a beautiful picture. Suoxi Mountain is also beautiful, and the mountain spring waterfall can be seen everywhere. The stream is smashing and the flying beads are splashing jade. The Baofeng Lake is light and the waves are like a mirror; the Qing Dynasty is like a silver belt, and the nine songs are entangled. The thousand peaks are tightly wrapped together, driving a leaf boat in the green mountains and green waters and breaking into the fairyland. The Suoxi 峪 cave is spectacular, and under the peak of the peak forest, more than 100 caves have been discovered, forming a limestone cave group unique to Wulingyuan. There are 10 places in the cave door, including Huanglong Cave, Camel Cave, Guanyin Cave, Jinji Cave, Yanmen Cave and Niuer Cave. The caves are surrounded by Qiankun, each with its own unique scenery, especially Huanglong Cave, which is known as “the first wonder of the world”. The bridge of Suoxiyu is unique. There are many stone bridges of various shapes in the Qifeng Mountains in the area. Among them, the Jiaofeng Bridge of Baizhangxia is the most spectacular. Suoxi is also a green kingdom with rich vegetation. Rare plants are all over the mountains, rare birds and animals are rare in China and abroad. In Yejiagang, Qingsongling, Songjiawan, etc. on the north bank of Suoxi, there are a total of 1.7 square kilometers of botanical gardens, concentrating more than 370 kinds of natural tree species. There are more than 10 rare species. There is also a monkey garden in the park. The Baihu Hall on the north side of the first line is home to wild boars, South China tigers, macaques and all kinds of animals. It is a natural zoo. The mountain singularity, the water show, the bridge danger, the cave secluded, the sacred charm of Suoxi, “the majesty of the Three Gorges, the magic of Huihuang Mountain, the beauty of the river, the warmth of Huaixi Lake”, is a brilliant pearl of Wulingyuan. “. Centered on the military floor, there are 8 scenic spots including Xihai, Shili Gallery, Tunxi, Shanzhong Shuifu, Suoxi Lake, Baizhang Gorge, Baofeng Lake and Huanglong Cave, including more than 200 scenic spots.
History and culture
Wulingyuan and Hengshan won the first batch of national 5A-level tourist scenic spot certificates
On August 17, 2007, the National Tourism Administration held a grand ceremony in Beijing to award the first batch of national 5A-level tourist scenic spots certificates and signs for 66 tourist attractions such as Zhangjiajie Wulingyuan Tourist Area and Nanyue Hengshan Tourist Area. Since then, Zhangling Wulingyuan Tourist Area in Hunan Province and Nanyue Hengshan Tourist Area have officially become the first batch of national 5A-level tourist attractions in Hunan Province.
Wulingyuan created the first batch of 5A-level tourist scenic spots in the country in 2006. The whole city worked together to comprehensively contrast the creation criteria, closely surrounding “one purpose” (people-oriented) and “two characteristics” (ecological naturality, geological uniqueness). ), “three conditions” (entry, safety, comfort), in the tourism transportation, browsing facilities, tourism safety, scenic environment, ecological protection, integrated management, etc., completed 86 hardware and software construction projects It has achieved the overall goal of faster tourism, more complete tourism system, more secure travel safety, more sanitation environment, stricter ecological protection, more standardized tourism services and more advanced management. It has been accepted by the national 5A tourist attraction. The group is highly rated.
Zhangjiajie Tianzishan scenery
The Wulingyuan Tourist Area was built in 1989. The core scenic area covers an area of 396 square kilometers and is famous for its rare quartz sandstone peaks in the world. The elite attractions include Tianzi Mountain, Huangshi Village, Yuanjiajie, Huanglong Cave and Baofeng Lake. After nearly 20 years of development, it has won many gold medals such as the World Natural Heritage, the World Geopark, China’s first National Forest Park, and the tourism economy has also developed rapidly. The tourism belt is very obvious and it is the Hunan tourism industry. The country is famous for its mature conditions. Wulingyuan won the first batch of 4A-level tourist scenic spots in 2001. This successful promotion of the country’s first batch of 5A-level tourist attractions will create new opportunities for the comprehensive development of Hunan tourism.
Zhangjiajie Hehua Airport is located in Hehua Village, Guanliping Office, Yongding District, Zhangjiajie City, 5 kilometers away from the urban area. It is an important traffic project in Hunan Province. There are 4 roads (101 cycle lines) between the airport and the city to and from the two places.
At present, Zhangjiajie Hehua Airport has opened routes and flights to Changsha, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Nanjing, Beijing and other large and medium cities. However, some areas are not regular routes. Please check the local air service schedule before purchasing tickets.
Zhangjiajie Railway Station is 5 kilometers away from the urban area, and buses such as 1st and 6th can be reached. The bus stop is just opposite the exit, about 20 minutes to the city, the fare is 1 yuan, and the air-conditioned bus is charged one yuan in the summer.
At present, the railway station has been opened to traffic with more than ten large and medium-sized cities in China. Zhangjiajie Railway Station can directly reach Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and other cities, and other cities need to back up before they can arrive;
Trains are sent daily between Zhangjiajie and Changsha. In the morning, the train sailed from Changsha to Zhangjiajie and returned to Changsha from Zhangjiajie in the evening to facilitate the travel of tourists.
The Zhangjiajie long-distance station is mainly a long-distance bus to the surrounding scenic spots and suburban counties. Long-distance stations can be reached by buses.
The car from the urban area to Wulingyuan is at the bus station every 5 minutes, the journey takes about 1 hour, and the fare is 10 yuan. The urban area goes to Zhangjiajie Forest Park, every 15 minutes at the bus station; the city to Mengdong River, The journey takes about 2 hours and the fare is about 15 yuan. The city is drifting to Maoyan River. Every morning, there is a special bus to Xianglong International Hotel.
Changzhang Expressway has been opened, which not only shortens the journey from Changsha to Zhangjiajie to only 3 hours, but also departs from the Pearl River Delta, one of the largest tourist destinations in Zhangjiajie, and can reach Zhangjiajie in 8 hours by car.
Changzhang Expressway is connected to Beijing-Guangzhou and Beijing-Zhuhai Expressway, and is connected to Changchang Expressway, National Highway 207, National Highway 319 and Provincial Highway 1801. It is also connected to Shichang Railway, Jiaoliu Railway, Zhangjiajie Hehua Airport and Changde Taoyuan Airport. It has laid the most convenient transportation system for Chinese and foreign tourists to Zhangjiajie tourism and tourism.
Fingerprint pass: 248.00 yuan (multiple effective within 3 days, including 3 yuan insurance and environmental tourism bus fare) Weekly ticket: 298.00 yuan (multiple times in a week) Tips: Wulingyuan core scenic spots include Zhangjiajie National Forest Park, Suoxi Nature The four scenic spots of the Sanctuary, Tianzishan Nature Reserve and Yangjiajie can be visited with a pass of 248.00 yuan.