Geographic location:Huayin City, Weinan City, Shaanxi Province
Famous scenery:Skywalk, Golden Lock
Shaanxi Weinan Huashan Scenic Area is located in Huayin City, Weinan City, Shaanxi Province, 120 kilometers east of Xi’an City. It is bordered by the Qinling Mountains in the south and Huangqi in the north. Mount Hua is known as “Xiyue” and is one of the famous Five Mountains in China. Huashan is the main sacred place of Taoism, and is also a god worshipped by the Han people, namely the Xishan Huashan Junshen. As of 2013, there are 72 semi-suspension holes in Huashan, and there are more than 20 Taoist temples. Among them, Yuquanyuan, Dulong Temple, Dongdaoyuan and Zhenyuegong are listed as national key Taoist temples.
Huashan was promulgated by the State Council in 1982 as the first batch of national key scenic spots; in 1991, it was rated as one of the top ten tourist attractions by the National Tourism Administration; in 1999, it was named as a national civilized scenic tourist area by the National Civilization Committee, the Ministry of Construction and the Tourism Bureau. In 2004, it was rated as one of the top ten famous mountains in China; in 2011, it was rated as a national AAAAA tourist scenic spot by the National Tourism Administration.
Huashan is also one of the nine scenic spots in China. Huashan Guanri is located in Huashan Dongfeng (also known as Chaoyang Peak), and the balcony is the best place. Huashan is also a Taoist resort, and it is the “fourth hole of the sky”. There are famous Taoist monks from Chen Hao, Hao Datong and He Yuanxi.
There are many sources of Huashan name. Generally speaking, it is inseparable from Huashan Mountain Peak like a lotus. In ancient times, “Hua” and “Flower” were common, as described in “Shui Jing Zhu”: Far from the Flower Shape, hence the name Huashan.
In front of Xifeng Cuiyun Palace, there is another inverted lotus petal stone. It is said that Huashan is also the birthplace of Huaxia because of its proximity to the Yellow River. People accent, so it is called Huashan.
Development and construction
In 1982, Huashan was promulgated by the State Council as the first batch of national key scenic spots;
In 1991, it was named one of the top ten tourist destinations by the National Tourism Administration;
In 1999, it was named as a demonstration site of the National Civilized Scenic Area by the National Civilization Commission, the Ministry of Construction and the Tourism Bureau;
In 2004, it was rated as one of the top ten famous mountains in China;
In 2011, it was rated as a national AAAAA tourist scenic spot by the National Tourism Administration.
Huashan is located in Huayin City, Weinan City, Shaanxi Province, between 34°25′~34°00′ north latitude and 109°57′~110°05′ east longitude. It is 15 kilometers long from east to west and 10 kilometers wide from north to south. The scenic area is about 148 square kilometers. It is 120 kilometers west of Xi’an, the capital of Shaanxi Province.
Huashan Mountain is a granite megalith with deep intrusive rock mass. Its top is coarse-grained (5mm) granular porphyry granite; the middle part is medium-grain (2~5mm) granitic river long rock and ramie granite. According to the determination of radioisotopes by geoscientists, the formation period of Huashan granite is about 121 million years ago. The crust of Huashan Mountain area is active. During the process of extrusion, fold and rupture, magma begins to move along the crack to the surface crust. Ascending and invading, cooling at a depth of 3 to 6 kilometers, condensed into diagenesis.
About 70 million years ago, during the Yanshan period of the new generation, the crust of the Huashan Mountains continued to rise, while the Weihe River area was recessed downward. This kind of internal dynamic crustal action is fast, slow and intermittent, showing that there are many flat triangles or trapezoidal faces juxtaposed on the east-west line, forming a large fault in the northern foot of the Qinling Mountains. These roughly parallel east-west faults cut the mountain into several long-shaped fault blocks. In the event of the rising and falling of each other, the fault blocks are mostly in the terrain between the north and the south and the south of the valley. At the same time, there are many faults that are oblique to the east-west direction, so that the original long-shaped fault block is cut into multiple sections. Each section of the ground is displaced before and after, forming a complex movement. In addition to the interaction of various external forces such as rain, sun, ice, and running water, the granite directly exposes the space.
Huashan granite has more and more obvious joints and faults that go west at 20 degrees north. Others are north-south, 30 degrees north to the north, 10 degrees east to the north, and 50 degrees east to the north. In addition, there are faults and joints of almost horizontal and horizontal divisions, which divide the complete granite body into large and small rock blocks. In the cutting activities of vertical and horizontal rivers, weathering and erosion form a beautiful mountain peak and many strange shapes. rock.
The three peaks of the east, west and south are in the shape of a tripod, which is the main peak of Huashan. Zhongfeng and Beifeng complement each other, and the surrounding small peaks stand by.
Huashan is far from the ocean, and it is between 30°~60° north latitude and 53°7′ in the west wind zone. It belongs to the warm temperate continental monsoon climate. Due to the steep and steep mountain, the vertical temperature gradient (or the temperature lapse rate) of the mountain and the peak: Beibei from the county to the peak, the altitude increases by 100 meters, 0.44 °C, and the south is calculated by Luonan. Each elevation of the elevation is reduced by 0.5 °C.
The low mountainous area (under 1000 meters above sea level) is temperate climate, the annual average temperature is 9~14°C, the hottest monthly average temperature is 24~28°C, the frost-free period is 180~240 days, the daily average temperature is ≥5°C, 210~270 days ≥10°C. The annual accumulated temperature of 150~220 days is 32000~4500°C, and the annual precipitation is 600mm.
The average temperature in the high mountain area (above 1000 meters above sea level) is less than 8 °C, the coldest monthly average temperature is -2.5~-10 °C, the absolute minimum monthly average is -40 °C, the hottest monthly average temperature is 21~24 °C, and the frost-free period is 120~150 days; The average daily temperature is ≥5°C, 150~180 days ≥10°C, 120~150 days annual accumulated temperature is 1600~3200°C, and the annual precipitation is 800~900mm.
The precipitation of Beibei (Huayin Station) is 600 mm, that of Nanxun (Luonan) is 725 mm, and that of Peak (Huashan Station) is 925 mm. Between 1000 and 1400 meters, it is a rainy belt or a maximum precipitation belt.
Huashan Cloud has obvious regularity. During the summer, the cloud is the most abundant, and the clouds usually thicken with height and rise. The noon is the most prosperous, with the least amount of clouds occurring in the morning and the opposite in winter, with the cloud amount appearing at least around noon. The most clouds in summer and the least in winter.
Wind speed and direction structure vary with height and terrain. The wind speed on the first floor of 30~50 meters is the fastest, and the wind speed increases slowly from 250 to 300 meters. Air turbulence decreases with height. The wind speed in the valley is usually 2~4 m/s. The wind direction is generally white and windy, and the wind is down at night. The autumn valley winds last for a short time, and the winter circulation is almost static.
The vegetation area of Huashan Mountain is about 1.3 million mu, and its vegetation characteristics are “coniferous forest, deciduous broad-leaved forest area”. Plants in Huashan area, nearly 80 families, more than 100 genera, more than 200 species. Among them, there are more than 30 species of seed plants, more than 40 genera and more than 60 species. There are more than 20 families of ferns, nearly 50 species, more than 20 families of moss lichen plants, more than 40 genera, and nearly 70 species. Coniferous and deciduous broad-leaved mixed forest, mainly pine forest, is distributed in mountainous areas with an altitude of over 800 meters. Its tree species are mainly Pinus tabulaeformis, Pinus armandi, Pinus bungeana, Quercus variabilis, Sharp-toothed carp, Quercus liaotungensis and Populus euphratica. . The lower part of the Songliao forest belt is a broad-leaved forest dominated by cork oak, with a small amount of chestnut, fragrant, and eucalyptus. Huashan pine forest, Pinus tabulaeformis, Quercus variabilis forest, Pinus bungeana forest, plantation forest and Pinus massoniana forest are the main vegetation types in Huashan Mountain.
In addition, below 800 meters above sea level, there are many agricultural vegetation belts, and there are few natural vegetation. Most of the cultivated plants are scattered on both sides of the river or near the village, such as poplar, willow, eucalyptus, eucalyptus, skunk, and camphor. There are slabs or scattered sides of Berlin in the foothills.
Huashan’s timber forests mainly include Pinus armandi, Pinus tabulaeformis, Quercus variabilis, Quercus liaotungensis, Sharp tooth mites, medlar, eucalyptus and aspen. The economic forest has arrow bamboo, bitter bamboo, light bamboo, apricot, persimmon, apple, walnut, mulberry and so on.
There are 204 species of vertebrates and 1,500 species of insects in Huashan. The golden eagle, the leopard and the black pheasant are three first-class protected animals of Huashan, and the second-class protected animals are up to 20.
Herbs include Atractylodes, Acorus, Polygala, Schisandra, Radix, Asarum, Yam, Forsythia, Bupleurum, Yinchen, Tianma, Guanzhong, Poria, Xuelingzi, Shengdi, Honeysuckle, Codonopsis, Campanulaceae, Huangjing, etc. Kind. Shen Kuo said in “Meng Xi Bi Tan”: “Huashan Asarum, very fine and straight, chewing like a pepper.” Huashan calamus and other herbs have been included in the “Compendium of Materia Medica”. “Huashan Drugs” has a detailed description of this.
Beifeng is one of the main peaks of Huashan, named for its location in the north. The north peak is suspended on all sides, the upper crown Jingyun, the lower ground, and the unique show, there is a Yuntai, so it is also known as Yuntai Peak. Tang Libai’s poem “Xiyue Yuntai Song sent to Danqizi” once wrote: “The three peaks are as if they want to destroy, and the emerald cliffs are high in the palm of the hand. Baidi Jin Jingyun is energetic, and the stone is used as a lotus cloud.”
The peak is near the Baiyun Peak, the east is near the palm of the mountain, and the east and the west are three peaks. The lower part is connected to the ditch and the gorge. The peak is made up of several sets of megaliths, which is natural. There is a platform at the top, and there is a Yiyun Pavilion originally built. Now there is a ruin. It is a good place for Nanwang Huashan Sanfeng and Canglongling. The peak waist is lush and full of exquisiteness. It is an ideal resting place on the way to the top of Huashan Mountain. The cable car that opened in 1996 is on the east wall of the peak.
There are many landscapes on the peak, such as Zhenwu Hall, Jiaogong Stone Room, Changchun Stone Room, Jade Girl Window, Xianyougong, Shentu Cliff, Yiyun Pavilion, Laojun Hanging Plow, Tie Niutai, Baiyun Xianjing Stone Archway, etc. And all the sights are accompanied by beautiful myths and legends.
Changchun Shishi is the retreat of Taoist Du Huaiqian during the Tang Dynasty. It is said that Du Huaiqian has painstakingly cultivated the broken grain and liked to play the flute. He often called the apprentice to buy a lot of bamboo flutes. After playing the song, he cast the flute under the cliff. After the vote, he bought it again and went back and forth. Because he can live in the cliff, he can’t afford it, so he is from Mr. Changchun.
The Zhenwu Temple was built for the worship of the Emperor Zhenwu, the northern god of Kyushu. Jiaogong Stone Room, Xianyougong and Shentu Cliff are named after the legend of Jiaodao. According to legend, when Emperor Wu of the Northern Zhou Dynasty, the Taoist priests were anxious, with a wide range of words, living alone in Yuntai Peak, dining Xia Dew, and ruining the valley. There were often three blue birds around him, reporting the future to him. When Wudi Yuwen heard about his name, he asked him in person at the mountain court and ordered to build a palace in front of the Jiaogong stone room for him to live. When the palace was built, there was no soil on the peak, lack of lamps and oils, and the prayers were wide and silent, and there was soil pouring from the cliffs. The oil in the tank is also complacent overnight, and it is inexhaustible. Later, people called the place where the earth was rushing, and the place where the oil tank was placed was called Xianyougong.
Above the heart stone, it is the first dangerous place in Huashan. Here, the wall of the mountain stands upright, and only two people can walk up and down. The chains on both sides hang vertically, and the shape is like a saw. The slope is 70°. There are more than 370 steps from top to bottom, all of which are not satisfied. On the top of the line, the sky is open, the shape of the frog is jumping, and it is like a sticky wall. It’s more dangerous than the last time, like a deep well, and I’m scared. Therefore, when someone comes down, they often go backwards and peep into the road from under their armpits. At the top of the “Thousand-foot Building”, there is a cave with only one person, because when people climb the last stone level, they are drilled out of the hole, so the hole is called “Patio”. There is a platform on the “patio”, and the “Taihua throat” written on the stage shows the road shape here. The “100-foot gorge” on the stage is the upper part of the throat, the platform under the gorge, shaped like a prominent throat. The thousand-foot building below the “patio” is the lower part of the throat. Here the entire shape of the throat is esophageal, narrow and sudden and long. The “patio” mouth is the middle section of the “Taihua throat”. If it is blocked from then on, it will be a dead end. Han Zupei, the wreck of the Kuomintang, once added a piece of iron cover at the mouth of the “Patio” in an attempt to hold on to Huashan. The Eight Warriors of the People’s Liberation Army flew over the sky and destroyed the strength of a class that was here, opening the way for the reinforcements.
The opening of the “Thousand-foot Building” Tongtian Road was in the Han Dynasty. The original mountaineering road is not here, but the Huangqi in the Shandong side of China. Qin Zhao Wang ordered the workers to go to Mount Huashan from where they left. So far, there are two stone carvings left under the Dongfeng Botai. According to the “Seven Repairs”, there is no way to pass the road to Lianfeng. Because some people saw the apes from Beidouping, they climbed up and down the cliff, and the stranger found the mountain trail. “There is no such thing as a test, but there is a description of “Standing Beidou, Wang Huayue.” Since Han Wudi moved from Xiyu Temple to Huangyue Temple to the Xiyue Temple site, people began to enter the mountain from Huashan Road. In the “Shui Jing Zhu” period of the Southern and Northern Dynasties, the “Shu Jing Building” said: “Thousand feet of the building” and “Bai Yuxia”, there is no iron chain, no stone steps, people can only “points and turns back, tilting and on. “We saw from the “Huang Shen Gu Lin Lin Kunming 14 Ming Dynasty Preface” written by Li Bai in the Tang Dynasty that he was from the old road of Huangshen Valley to Mount Huashan. Du Fu’s poem “Jianzhen Building” was simply mentioned. : “There is no return to the valley, and there is a door in the arrow.” “This shows that both roads can pass. In the Ming Dynasty, there are many poems, notes, etc. that describe “thousand feet of buildings.” In the thousand-foot poems of “Arrows”, 阎尔梅 wrote: “The light is open and narrow.” The gorge is blue sky. You can kneel first, and use the shoulders on the side of the cliff. The wooden ladder hits the outside and the iron rope is suspended in the well. The strange stone is like a sinus, and the wind is straight. “Yang Yuchang has also described the “thousand-foot building” in this way: “The shape is like a trough, holding a gold rope and exploring the stone sinus.” “Golden rope” means the iron chain, “sinus” refers to the stone nest and the foot socket. It shows that in the Ming Dynasty, the iron chain has been installed and the stone nest has been chiseled. After the liberation, the number of tourists increased year by year, the annual lunar calendar three April is the peak season of the mountain. There is a frequent “embroidery” incident here. The road here has been twice repaired. After the thousand-foot building and the Baijixia Gorge, a new road was opened. Streets and down roads.
“When the building goes to the gorge, it is impossible to instantaneously. Although it is a hundred feet of gorge, one foot and one thousand miles.” The thousand-foot building is folded north to the “Baijixia”, which is the second danger of Denghua Mountain. “Baizhangxia” is also called “Baizhang Cliff”, and it is still a dangerous stone towering place, which is a daunting place. The two walls of the gorge are combined, but the two stones that are flying are propped up from it. The people have drilled under the stone, and they are scared and afraid that the stone will fall from the two walls. This is the “sounding stone.” The heart that was suspended by this stone was put down, and then I looked back at the two stones that were stuck here. It was so big and small that it could be safe and sound, so this stone is also called “flat heart stone.” Therefore, in Han Yu’s poems, there is a description of “the magical power of the gods, the murderousness of the corners.”
From the group of immortals, it is the “Laojun Ligou”. It is said that there is no road here. It is the old man Li Er driving the green cattle with an iron plow. It is shaped like a furrow left by the cultivated land, so it is called “Laojun Ligou”. In fact, it was formed by the long-term erosion of mountains and rivers.
At the beginning, people climbed up and down the Huashan from the stone nests on both sides of the furrow. So far, people can also see the stone nests on both sides of the furrow. The legend of the local flow: “Thousand-foot building, Baijixia, Laojunligou slowly crawling.” “Laojun Ligou” is one of the must-have roads of Denghua Mountain, like the thousand-foot building and Baijixia. At the upper right of the furrow, it has been cut into 271 stone steps, and the chains on both sides are drooping, making it safer to walk.
Laojun Ligou was originally known as “Laojun Divorce.” In Taoist words, this is the meaning of leaving the dust to reach the fairyland. It is said that the Taoist ancestor Li Er has been here, so it is the place where Laojun left the world. “Because of “off-scale” is the same as the “furrow”, and this place is like a furrow, plus Huashan has the legend of lying cow stone, Yuemiao green cow tree and Beifeng Laojun hanging plough, so people think it is here. “Laojun Ligou” is no different.
On the stone cliff at the upper end of the furrow, there are both “Laojun furrows” and “staining” stone carvings. This is because Guo Xiongzhen saw that someone had mistakenly used “segregation” as a “furrow” to restore the authenticity of the original name, so he inscribed the word “exfoliation”. In fact, there is a “furrow” after the “exfoliation”. Wang Run wrote “From the beginning of Huashan to Xifeng”, wrote: Yu Ming Hongwu in the 16th year of 1383, that is, in the autumn of 1833, when he went to this time, he asked “the servant, the servant: Laojun is also defaced.” Up to this point, it is called exfoliation. In some records in the late Ming Dynasty, the words “furrow” appeared.
Xifeng is 2082.6 meters above sea level, one of the main peaks of Huashan, named for its location in the west. Because the peak of the boulder has a shape like a lotus petal, the ancient literati often referred to it as the Lotus Peak and Furong Peak. In his “Huashan”, Yuan Hongdao wrote: “The stone leaves are covered and broken”; Xu Xiake’s “You Taihuashan Diary” also states: “The peaks rise above the stones, and there are stones covering them, such as lotus flowers.” In Li Bai’s poem, there is a sentence of “stone made lotus flower for Taiwan”, which is also referred to as this stone.
Xifeng is a complete boulder, and it is natural. The cliffs in the northwest are thousands of feet, like a knife and a saw. The steep and sturdy masculine is the representative of the Huashan Mountain shape. Therefore, the ancients often called Huashan the Lotus Mountain.
Deng Xifeng is far-sighted, surrounded by mountains and rolling hills, Yunxia four drapes, Zhou Ye screen open, Huang Qi Qu flow, placed in the fairy town Shenfu, thousands of common thoughts, swept away. In his “Xi Feng” poem, Song Ming’s hermit Chen Yu has the famous phrase “Calmine Jiayu, here is Xianxiang”.
Xifeng South Cliff has a ridge connected to the South Peak. The ridge is more than 300 meters long. It is like a crescent-shaped dragon. It is called Quling, also known as Xiao Cang Longling. It is one of the famous dangerous roads in Huashan.
There are many landscapes on Xifeng, including Cuiyun Palace, Lianhua Cave, Giant Foot, Axe Stone, Sheg Cliff, etc., accompanied by many beautiful myths and legends. Among them, the story of the agarwood and mountain rescuer is the most widely spread. The cliffs on the peaks are all inscribed, and the work is full of enthusiasm. The peak of the north is called Shishilou Peak, and the Yanggong Tower on the peak is built by General Yang Hucheng. The tower has the inscription of General Yang Hucheng. On the rock under the tower, there is a “Pillow Breaking Hongmeng” inscription, which is the handwriting of the calligrapher Wang Wei.
Nanfeng is 2154.9 meters above sea level. It is the highest peak of Huashan Mountain and the highest peak of Wuyue. The ancients claimed it was the head of Huashan. Ascend to the top of the South Peak, feel the sky is close to the sky, the stars can be picked. Look up and look around, but see the mountains and undulating, the vastness of the mountains, the waters of the Yellow River are as silky as the mountains, the deserts of the deserts are as beautiful as they are, so that people can truly appreciate the majestic Bowang atmosphere of Huashan, enjoy the heavens and the clouds. Magical fun.
On the south side of the peak is a cliff of tens of thousands of feet, standing upright like a cut, next to a fault deep squat, isolated from Sangong Mountain and Sanfeng Mountain. Nanfeng consists of a peak and two tops. The east side is called Songyu Peak, the west side is called Luoyan Peak, and the other side is composed of three tops. The Xiaozi Peak in the west of the Yanyan Peak is also included. In this way, Luoyan Peak is the highest center, Songyu Peak is in the east, and Xiaozifeng is in the west. The whole is like a circle chair. The three peaks are like a giant sitting on the north. In the book “Huashan Ji” in the Ming Dynasty, Yuan Hongdao described the image of Nanfeng as saying: “If a person is sitting in danger, he will lead his knees.”
The reason for the name of the falling geese is that the returning geese often fall here to rest. The highest point of the peak is the top of Huashan, and the climbers are proud of being able to climb the top. The literati of the past dynasties often have a lot of pride here, and they have a lot of poems, so they are left to the poems of later generations. The peak cliff inscriptions are even more dazzling. In his “Yun Xian Miscellaneous Notes”, Feng Wei wrote that Tang Shi, a poet of the Tang Dynasty, sighed at Nanfeng and said: “This mountain is the tallest, and the breath of breath is like a sacred sacred sorrow, and hate to bring the Xie 眺 amazing sentence to ask the Qingtian ear.” In the Song Dynasty, the name of the literary poem was “only the sky is on, there is no mountain and Qi. The head is red and the day is low, and the white clouds are low.” There are many landscapes around the Luoyan Peak. The highest places are Yangtianchi and Heilongtan. On the southwest cliff, there are safe people and welcoming pines.
Songyu Peak is slightly lower than the falling Yanfeng, and the area is larger than the falling Yanfeng. The peak of Qiaosong giant stalks the sky, so it is called Song Yufeng. Huayin famous Confucian Wang Hong wrote that Song Qifeng is the owner of Nanfeng. On the peak, there is the White Emperor, also known as the Golden Heaven Palace, which is the main temple of the Huashan God Golden Heaven. Because the roof of the main hall in the temple is covered with iron tiles, it is also called the iron tile temple. There are many landscapes around Songqi Peak, including Bagua Pond, Nantianmen, Chaoyuan Cave, Changkong Plank Road, Quanzhen Rock, Shek Rock, Eagle Wing Stone, and Yang Gongting.
Outside Nantianmen, it is the first of the famous dangerous roads in Huashan. The stack road is divided into three sections, from Nantianmen Shifang to Chaoyuandong West. The road is cut out by the cliff. It is 20 meters long and two feet wide. It is for the upper section and folds down. The cliff gap traverses the iron rod and is shaped like a volley. Ladders, tourists have to pull down the ranks, called the “chicken off the shelf”, is the middle section, the west is the lower section, the road builders cut the stone holes in the cliffs, wedged into the stone piles, and the three piles between the stone piles At this point, the visitors are facing the abdomen, and the pedals move laterally. The long empty path is the risk in the risk of Huashan dangerous road. Throughout the ages, adventure adventurers have been in constant stream, including many literary celebrities, and many have been handed down. Li Panlong, “Taihua Mountain”, one of the “post-seven sons” of the Ming Dynasty, said: “From the south to the west gate is the plank road. Although the stack has copper pillars and iron ropes, it is not wide. It takes more than 20 feet to the end. The next fold is a well, about three feet high, and the side is turned into a stack.
One of the main peaks of Huashan, named after the location in the east. There is a platform at the top of the peak. It is a high-risk, open-air view. It is a famous place to watch the sunrise. It is called the balcony, and Dongfeng is also called Chaoyang Peak.
Dongfeng consists of a main three servants and four peaks. The peak of the balcony is the highest. The jade peak is in the west, the stone building is in the east, and the Botai is south. The guests are in an orderly manner. The ancients called Huashan Sanfeng, referring to the Three Peaks of the East and the West, and the Jade Peak is an integral part of the East Peak. Today, the Jade Girl Peak is called Zhongfeng, and it also exists as the main peak of Huashan.
In ancient times, it was said that the road to Dengdong Peak was difficult. The “Three Talents Diagram” described the mountain slope as a cut, high ten feet, only a few feet on the top, and no branches and vines on both sides can climb, Dengfeng Only people can climb on the granite, and the feet can be used together to reach the peak. Nowadays, several roads have been opened and widened, and visitors can arrive safely.
There are dozens of landscapes in Dongfeng. There are natural stone patterns on the cliffs on the side of Dongshilou. Like a giant palm print, this is the Huayue Xianzhang, which is listed as the first of the eight scenic spots in Guanzhong. The story originates from this; there is Yanggong Tower in the north of the balcony, facing the Xifeng Yanggong Tower, which was built by General Yang Hucheng. The tower has the words “Wanxiang Sen Luo” written by General Yang Hucheng. In addition, Dongfeng also has Qinglongtan, Ganluchi, Sanmaodong, Qingxudong, Bajinggong and Taiji Dongyuanmen. It is a pity that some landscapes have been abandoned due to age or natural disasters. After the 1980s, part of the landscape of Dongfeng was gradually restored. The dangerous road was renovated and rebuilt, and the pavilion was rebuilt. On the site of the Eight Kings Palace, which was destroyed in the fire in 1953, a two-storey wooden stone pavilion was re-established, which is the Dongfeng Hotel.
There are many Taoist temples in Huashan, and the history is very long. As early as the Han Emperor, there was a collection of palaces. In the Tang Dynasty, there were some palaces built by the Taoist priests. It is said that the Baiyun Palace above the top is Princess Tang Jinxian. The ruins of the monastery have survived. After the development of the Song and Yuan dynasties, there have been many Taoist temples on the Huashan Mountain in the Ming Dynasty, and the incense is very prosperous. Since the temple was originally built on the peak, the mountain torrents broke out in the 16th year of Emperor Kangxi (AD 1677), and the temples were destroyed. Therefore, the reconstruction of the Qing Dynasty was changed in the plaque.
The most important temple in Huashan is the Xiyue Temple. The temple is located ten miles below Huashan, Huayin East Wuli. The old site is in the Valley of the Yellow God. It was built in the time of Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty, the collection of the Palace of the Spirit. In the eight years of the Eastern Han Dynasty (AD 165), the Emperor of the Eastern Han Dynasty established the “Xiyue Huashan Temple Monument”, saying that the Eastern Han rulers sacrificed their lives, repaired temples, prayed for rain and so on. In the first year of the Northern Wei Dynasty Xingguang (AD 454), Wen Chengdi was destroyed by the old temple, and a new temple was built in the north of the official road of Huayin East. From the Northern Wei Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty, people of all ages continued to repair and expand.
There are also Yuntai Guan and Yuquanyuan. Yuntaiguan is under the Huashan Mountain, going to Gukou Erli, Huayin Nanbaili, for the ancient Mingtang, the northern Zhou Jiaodao Guangcai, and Tang Tianbao’s Princess Jinxian rehabilitated. “Huanyin County” contains: “The Yuntai view takes the name of Yuntai Peak. There are two: one is the Northern Zhou Dynasty Taoist Jiaodao Guangjian, and its Song Jianlong two years (AD 961) is Chen Yujian.” Chen Yuchu lived in Huashan He has opened up Jing Jing and lived in Guan. The Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties have been constantly repaired, and the old site is still there. There is still a memorial to Chen Yu in the northeast. Yuquanyuan in Zhangshan Valley in Huashan, Song Renzong Huangyou years (AD 1049~1053) to commemorate the construction of Chen Yu, the courtyard and Yujing sneak, Yuquan River surrounded by water, hence the name.
Ticket price standard; peak season (from March 1st to the end of November) 180 yuan / person, off season (December 1 ~ the end of February) 100 yuan / person · times, tickets valid for 2 days (including visitor center to various attractions The transportation fee, the ticket does not include the transportation fee for the passenger car of Huanghuan and the tourist line.)
Active military personnel (including military school students), military retired cadres, senior citizens over 70 years old, disabled persons with their valid documents for free of charge, 65-69 years old people with their valid documents to buy half-price tickets. Children under 1.2 meters (including 1.2 meters) are exempt from the ticket, and children from 1.2 to 1.5 meters (including 1.5 meters) purchase half-price tickets. In the full-time large, medium and small school students, they can purchase 90 yuan/person/time in the peak season and 50 yuan/person/time in the off-season. (For those who enjoy the free ticket, they need to buy a ticket for 20 yuan/person from the visitor center to the shuttle bus between the attractions.)
East clue ticket: Adult one-way 80 yuan / person, round-trip 150 yuan / person.
First arrive at Xi’an Xianyang International Airport by plane. The airport is 138 kilometers away from Huashan. The expressway runs through the two places and reaches Huashan in about one and a half hours.
Remarks: Xi’an Xianyang Airport does not have direct transportation to Huashan. It is necessary to first arrive at the city and transfer to other transportation modes to reach Huashan.
Xilai passengers take the high-speed train from Xi’an or Baoji. The stop is Huashan North Station. Huashan North Station is about 5 kilometers away from Huashan. After the high-speed railway, there is a tourist line to reach Huashan tourists or Huashan Yuquanyuan. Tourist line car 10 yuan / person.
From the stations of the Longhai Line, you can get off at Huashan Station by train. The railway journey between Xi’an and Huashan Station is about 123 kilometers. There are many trains in the east that will stop at Huashan Station, which can take anywhere from one and a half hours to two hours. From Huashan Station to Huashan Mountain, 7 kilometers, after getting off the train, change to the bus, 3 yuan to the scenic spot, or take a taxi to Huashan Scenic Area, 15 yuan to 20 yuan. Xi’an has a lot of trains to Huashan, and the train fare is between 18 yuan and 30 yuan. △ long-distance bus (Xi’an Chengdong Bus Terminal ~ Huashan Station) In Xi’an Chengdong (Tangdu) Bus Station (Address: No. 17 Changle Middle Road), there are vehicles to Huayin, the first shift at 7:00, the last shift: 19:15, About 15 minutes, on the way will stop at the Huashan stop, get off the mountain is a mountaineering, in the car to explain Huashan get off. Ticket fare: 41 yuan / person, including insurance.
Tourist bus line car
(Xi’an Railway Station ~ Huashan Station)
Xi’an Railway Station East Square takes the tourist line car tour 1 road, the fare is 22 yuan. Depart from the East Square of the Railway Station at 8:00 am, pass the Xiyue Temple, the terminal station Yuquanyuan Mountaineering Exit; return to Yuquanyuan at 17:00, the journey takes about 2 hours. The off season (January to March) is out of service. In addition, the railway station also has a bus company bus directly to Huashan, a lot of shifts; long-distance bus: You can take a long-distance bus to Xishan at Xi’an Chengdong Bus Terminal.