Three Lanes and Seven Alleys

Three Lanes and Seven Alleys

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Geographic location:Fuzhou city of Fujian

Level:AAAAA

Famous scenery:Yijinfang, Wenrufang, Guanglufang, Yangqiao Lane, Langguan Lane

Opening hours:The public area is open all day from 8:30 to 17:00 in the toll area.

Sanfangqixiang is a national 5A-level tourist scenic spot, and it is the only part of Fuzhou Old Town that has survived the demolition and construction after the founding of the People’s Republic of China. It is the source of history and the root of culture in Fuzhou.

Since the formation of the Jin and Tang Dynasties, the three squares and seven lanes have been the settlement of nobles and scholars, and the Qing Dynasty has turned to the glory of the Republic of China. There are about 270 existing ancient dwellings in the area, and 159 are listed as protected buildings. The Sanfang Qixiang Ancient Building Group, represented by nine typical buildings such as Shenyi’s former residence, Lin Juemin’s former residence and Yanfu’s former residence, was announced by the State Council as a national key cultural relics protection unit.

Located in the downtown area of Fuzhou (the old city), Sanfangqixiang has a complete protection area of 38 hectares. Sanfangqixiang is a historical and cultural block with large scale and relatively complete protection. It is one of the few remains of ancient buildings in China. It has the reputation of “the living stone of Chinese city Lifang system” and “Chinese Ming and Qing architecture museum”. On June 10, 2009, Sanfang Qixiang Historical and Cultural Street District was awarded the honorary title of “China’s Top Ten Historical and Cultural Streets” approved by the Ministry of Culture and the State Administration of Cultural Heritage.

Three Lanes and Seven Alleys

Introduction

Fuzhou, an ancient city center with more than 2,200 years of history, is home to the famous Sanfangqixiang historical and cultural district. It covers an area of about 40 hectares and consists of three squares, seven lanes and a central axis street, namely Yijinfang, Wenrufang, Guanglufang, Yangqiao Lane, Langguan Lane, Taxiang, Huangxiang, Anmin Lane, Gongxiang, Jipi Lane and South Back Street have been called “Three Squares and Seven Lanes” since ancient times.

The Three Lanes and Seven Lanes started in Jin, perfected in the Tang and Five Dynasties, and reached the peak of the Ming and Qing Dynasties. The ancient Fangxiang pattern has remained largely intact. It is the only remaining piece of “Lifang Institutional Living Stone” in the Chinese city. There are more than 200 ancient buildings in the alley. Among them, there are nine national key cultural relics protection units, and there are numerous provincial and municipal cultural protection units and historically protected buildings. It is a rare “Ming and Qing Architecture Museum”.

The three squares and seven lanes are distinguished by the spirit of the earth. It has always been the “living place of celebrities in the capitals of the capital”. Lin Zexu, Shen Yu, Yan Fu, Chen Baozhen, Lin Juemin, Lin Xu, Bing Xin, Lin Biao and so on have a great deal of importance to the modern society and even the modern Chinese process. The influence of the characters are all from this, making this hot land full of special human values and unrelenting spirituality and talent, becoming the pride of Fuzhou.

Three Lanes and Seven Alleys

Main Attractions

Yijinfang

Yijinfang is the first square in the “Three Squares”, the old name of Tongchao Lane. According to the Qing Dynasty “Xiaocheng Archaeology” records: the Song Dynasty’s “Lu Yun, Lu Zao brothers and townships in this county, this name, Lu Jin, after Wang Yixiang to Jiangdong to imprisonment, renamed Yi Jin.” Song called “Lu Jin”, The Ming Dynasty is even more “clothing”. In fact, it is said that some people in the square are going out to be official officials. After that, they returned to their hometowns and glory in the township. Therefore, the name of the party was changed to “clothing.” In the past, it was called “through tide” because this place is a water network area. The tides of Fuzhou West Lake and Nanhu Lake can be passed to the ditch of this square.

No. 16 in Fangfang is the residence of Zheng Pengcheng of Qing Jiaqing, and the Yijinfang Water Margin Stage is the most distinctive. This is a wooden monolithic platform with a four-column single-opening, a clear water pond underneath, a seperate patio and a loft on the front. Watching theatrical performances here, with clear water, clear air and clear sound, with acoustic principles and aesthetic value, is the only existing water opera stage in Fuzhou.

Three Lanes and Seven Alleys

Wenrufang

Wenrufang is the second square in the “Three Squares”. The name of Wenrufang has been in Song Dynasty. According to the “Xiaocheng Archaeological Brief”, this lane “first known as the Confucianism, with the Song Dynasty wine Zheng Muju here, changed the name.” Zheng Mu was appointed as the important official of the highest school in the country, and was attached to the official of Sanpin. In the Ming Dynasty, the famous anti-tender Zhang Jing, the Qing Dynasty admiral Fujian Admiral, and the Taiwanese general Gan Guobao also lived here. In the Qing Dynasty, the home of the “People’s Scholars” (the five generations of the Chinese scholars) Chen Chengyu’s former residence was also in the square. The eldest son of Chen Chengyu is the teacher of Qing Xuantong Emperor Chen Baozhen. The former residence of Chen Yan, the famous poet of the Qing Dynasty and the author of the “Shishifang Poetry”, is also in the square. It is a large mansion facing south, and Guanghua Pavilion is the landlord for the disciples. Next door to Chen Yu is the residence of Professor Ke Linghan, a famous modern jurist. This square is famous for the generations of the Confucian scholars.

In Wenrufang, there is a deep and quiet alley called Lushan Lane, commonly known as the “Sanguantang”, which is famous for its ancient Sanguantang. According to the “Fengxiang No. 2” in Lin Feng’s “Yancheng Archaeological Record” in the Qing Dynasty, the “Sanguantang”, in the Nanlushan Lane of Wenrufangfang, there is a small alley in the south, and the west reaches the Changfengcang Riverside. Most of them are named after the temple. This is also the name of Baofu Temple in Lushan. This shows the close relationship between Sanguantang and Baofu Temple. It has a long history of at least seven hundred and eighty years in the Song Dynasty.

Three Lanes and Seven Alleys

Guanglufang

Guanglufang is the third square in the “Three Squares”. Guanglufang, formerly known as Yuji Mountain, also known as Lushan Mountain, is one of the “Sanshan Tibetan” in Fuzhou. In history, there is a Faxiangyuan in Guanglufang, commonly known as “Lushan Baofu Temple” (in the Guanglufang Park). At that time, Meng Shichang, a Fuzhou County observator who had served as Guangluqing, visited this poem. The monks engraved the words “Guanglutaitai” on the stone. In order to thank the monks, he sang a poem: “Yongri Qingyin is unique, the wild stone is a stone, and there is no poetry comparable to Yan Guanglu. Every time you recall it, you will return.” The name of Guanglufang came from here. of. In the 80s of the last century, Guanglufang was turned into a road due to road reconstruction. Later, due to the protection needs, the ground was changed back to slate laying, and the old buildings on both sides were demolished.

Guanglufang is also a place where celebrities live. At the end of the Ming Dynasty, there were Wanli people, painter Lin Youtai, and Sun Xue, and Xue Zheng, his son Xu You, Xu Bin, Sun Xuyu, Zeng Sun Xu Ding, Xu Jun, Xuan Sun Xu Liangchen, Xu Yichen, all poets , book painter. During the reign of Emperor Kangxi, there were Lin Biao and Lin Biao brothers. Lin Biao is an archaeologist, and he is the author of “Let’s Come to the Ancients” and “Let’s Come to the Golden Stone”. Lin Biao’s poetry and poetry, with “Pu Xuezhai’s Poetry Anthology”, also good calligraphy, his handwritten engraved version of “Yuyangshanren Essence Record”, “Yufeng Wenxu”, “Gufu Yuting Miscellaneous”, “Mr. “Very famous, known as “Lin Lin four moments”, has a place in the history of Chinese printing. There are also poets, the famous Tibetan monk Huang Ren, the Ryukyu National Book, Qi Qi, and the two brothers of the same list – Liu Qiwei and Liu Qi, the naturalist Guo Baicang, the modern novel translator Lin Wei, the famous writer Yu Dafu and so on. There have also been many talented women, such as Huang Renzhi’s daughter Huang Shuzhen and Huang Shuzhen, Qi Qi’s daughter Qi Xiangyu, Guo Bocang’s daughter Guo Zhuzhu sisters, they are fine paintings, or work poetry.

Guanglufang is the most famous place in Guangluo. It is famous for pools, terraces, pavilions, stone, flowers and woods, as well as many inscriptions from Song to Qing Cliff. In 1961, it was listed as the first batch of cultural relics protection units in Fuzhou. Under the lychee tree of the Guanglu dynasty, the original stone carving “He Xi” is to commemorate Lin Zexu’s cranes in his later years. There are also the large wooden structure of the Qing Dynasty, the spacious and bright Liu Family Courtyard (now a provincial-level cultural relics protection unit), the former residence of Huang Ren, the ancient wooden building in the late Ming Dynasty, the early questioning lane of the high-wall narrow road, and the old Buddha laying in the Ming Dynasty. The pavilion bridge preserves the characteristics of the Ming and Qing Dynasties.

Three Lanes and Seven Alleys

Yangqiao Lane

Yangqiao Road is the northernmost lane of the “Seven Lanes”. Yangqiao Road, the ancient name of Deng Junfang, was renamed because of the West Bridge. During the Republic of China, it was expanded to a road because of urban construction needs, so it was later renamed as “Yangqiao Road.” The Lin family’s mansion at the intersection of Yangqiao Road and Nanhou Street is the residence of Lin Juemin’s martyr, the former residence of the martyrs, and later sold to the writer’s grandfather Xie Yuen. Bing Xin lived here when he was a child. In My Hometown, there is also a vivid description of the former residence. After the roadway was enlarged into a road, the former residence of Lin Juemin Martyrs and the female writer Bing Xin (see the entry “Fuzhou Bingxin Former Residence”), a considerable part was preserved. Yangqiao Lane (South) has a “double throwing bridge”, which is small but legendary. The first is the inland river channel where the bridge is located. It is the place where the east and the west are “combined with tides”. The inland river wonders of “the thousands of tides come to breathe” feel the most true. The second is a pair of eucalyptus trees that are opposite each other on both sides of the double-throwing bridge. In the air, the branches and leaves are swayed together, and there is a beautiful story of young men and women who love it. It has been passed down for a long time, so that later generations can’t tell. There is a tree after love, a bridge after the tree, or the opposite. Recently, there are some writers who compare it with the swan song of “Romeo and Juliet”, adding a bit of sadness. However, due to the river reconstruction and urban construction, the Qiongdong River under the bridge has been filled in. Later, a landscape pool was built under the bridge to let people know that there was an inland river. The double bridge has been bridged. It slowly became a “kind” on the street and became a place for passers-by to rest for tea.

Three Lanes and Seven Alleys

Langguan Lane

Langguan Lane, in the south of Yangqiao Lane, on the east side of South Back Street, the east end of the lane is in the east street of Bayiqi North Road, downtown area of Fuzhou City. Langguan Lane is also a place in the Song Dynasty. According to the Qing Dynasty “Xucheng Archaeological Brief” contains: Song Liu Tao is here, the descendants of the world are all Lang Guan, hence the name Langguan Lane. Chen Lie, a poet of the Song Dynasty, was originally born in Changle. He also lived in Langguan Lane when he moved to Fuzhou. The former residence of Yan Fu, a modern Chinese enlightenment thinker and translator, is also located in the lane. There is a memorial archway at the west gate of Langguan Lane. There is a deputy couplet on the square pillar: “The translation is brilliant, and today it is passed down to the house. The gate is prosperous, and the descendants are far from Liu Tao.”

Three Lanes and Seven Alleys

Tower lane

Tower Lane, in the south of Langguan Lane, Dongneng Bayiqi North Road downtown, West Energy South Back Street. According to the “Xiaocheng Archaeological Brief”: “The old name Xiuwen, Song Zhi County Chen Su changed its name to Xingwen, and later changed to Wenxing. Today Huta Lane, with the Shu State when the Wang Tower is built here.” This tower is located in the north of the lane And there is a tower courtyard, which is regarded as a symbol of the prosperity of Fuzhou Wenyun. In the Southern Song Dynasty, the Xi’an (1182) tower was still there, and no records were found in the future. In the Qing Dynasty, a half-piece small tower was built in the lane to commemorate the monument. In the 1950s, the small tower was moved over the entrance of the alley. There is a filial piety in the old tower of the tower, which is a high-ranking filial son of the Ming Dynasty. There is a tribute to his poem: “Three years of flowing water is like a prince, a natural filial son. Last night, Sanshan Mingyue, I don’t know how to sing.” It is said to be beautiful.

Three Lanes and Seven Alleys

Yellow alley

Huangxiang is in the south of the tower. Separated from the South Back Street, it is connected with the clothes of Yijinfang. According to Zhai Zhizai, Jin Yongjia two years (308 years) Gushi people Huang Yuanfang (280-375 years), also known as Yunzi Yanfeng to avoid chaos, settled in Fuzhou South Back Street, it is called Huangxiang. At the end of the Tang Dynasty, Chongwen official school secretary Huang Huang (837-920) retired to live here. Huang Chaojun entered Fuzhou, because of the name of Huang Wei, ordered the soldiers to pass the yellow alley in the night to “cancel the candle”, do not disturb their home, since then Huang Lane famous. . In the lanes, the scholars of the Confucian scholars lived in the past and became a gathering place for cultural celebrities and celebrities. In the Qing Dynasty, the governor Lin Wenying, the second-seeded Lin Zhichun, the governor Li Wei, the Yulian master Liang Zhangzhen, the scholar Chen Shouqi, Zhao Xin, etc., all lived in the lane. It was once renamed Xinmeifang, and later called Xinmeili. There is a “Tang Huang Juju” stone sarcophagus in the lane, which was seen in the early 1950s. There is a courtyard name “Xiaohuanglou” in Huangxiang, which belongs to the cultural relics protection unit.

Three Lanes and Seven Alleys

Anmin Lane

Anmin Lane is located in the south of Huangxiang, opposite Nanwen Street and Wenrufang. The old name of Anmin Lane is “Xifangfang”, which was renamed “Anmin” and related to Huangchao. According to the “Fuzhou Local Chronicle”: “Because the Tang Dynasty peasant uprising army Huang Chao entered the hustle and bustle, it was revealed to the Anmin, hence the name.” The old tin-type workshop, with Song Liuzao as a filial piety, after the Taizai Yushen relocated : “Yuantai Yude”. In history, most people in the lanes are socially talented. The Governor of the Bank of China is the residence of Jane. The old houses in the west side of the lane still retain the well-balanced pattern and the ancient charm. During the Anti-Japanese War, the New Fourth Army stationed office was located in the meantime. Today, the old house is listed as a revolutionary cultural relics protection unit.

Three Lanes and Seven Alleys

Gongxiang

Gongxiang is in the south of Anmin Lane, and the east and west ends are connected with Bayiqi North Road and South Back Street respectively. According to the Qing Dynasty, “The Archaeological Scene of the Skull” contains: “The old name Xianju, named after the Ziji Palace in the middle. After Cui, Li Er surnamed Guixian, renamed Juyingda, Mingde changed Yingda.”

The structure of the giant gates in Gong Alley is exquisite, and the wooden carving stone carving components in the room are amazing today. For example, the leaky window is made of hollowed out, spliced, and the various patterns of the wooden skeleton form a rich pattern decoration. In the wood bucket, bucket, boy column, moon beam and other components are often decorated with key carvings. A variety of delicate and vivid stone carvings can be seen everywhere on the column foundation, steps, door frames, flower stands, and poles. It can be said that it is a great master of Fuzhou ancient architectural art.

Three Lanes and Seven Alleys

Jipi Lane

Jipi Lane, one of the three lanes of Fuzhou, is commonly known as “Jiqi Lane”. When Song Zheng’s champion was returned to his hometown, the residents in the lane rushed to avoid him because of his abuse. He nicknamed “Emergency Lane”. In the Ming Dynasty, the homonym was renamed as “Jipi Lane” and it was auspicious. After the reform and opening up, Jipi Lane became a main road connecting the east and west, and was once renamed as “Jiichi Road”. In 2009, Fuzhou renamed it “Jipi Lane” and began to transform the damaged ancient buildings on the north side.

The famous “Antai Building” restaurant in Fuzhou is also located at the mouth of Jizhi.

Three Lanes and Seven Alleys

South Back Street

Fuzhou Sanfang Qixiang is not only three “squares” and seven “alleys”, but also a famous South Back Street.

Fuzhou South Back Street starts from Yangqiao Road in the west and reaches the Macau Bridge in Jipi Road. It is about 1000 meters long and is the central axis of “Three Squares and Seven Lanes” in Fuzhou City. It has seven lanes on the east side and three squares on the west side. It is the main commercial street from the rise of Fuzhou Sanfang Qixiang to the Republic of China, and the merchants gathered from the north to the south. It was also because of business that this street was preserved in the tide of construction.

Here, the rice and oil salt and the thirty-six stores (all walks of life) required for daily life are readily available. There are also bookshops, old book stalls, 裱褙 shops for the cultural people, and the lantern market in the Lantern Festival and the Mid-Autumn Festival. “Zhengyangmenwai Liulichang, Yijinfang Qiannan Backstreet. The guest sneaked away from the book city and saw more than enough to see the open.” In the late Qing Dynasty, Wang Guorui’s poem, Nanhou Street, was compared to Beijing’s Zhengyangmen’s glass. The factory reflects the cultural style of Nanhou Street. The South Back Street in the Ming and Qing Dynasties is still a lively market with “powder walls, slabs and slabs” and paved sides. When it came to the Republic of China, the road surface was widened and turned into an asphalt road.

South Back Street is the central axis of Sanfangqixiang. The renovated Nanhou Street will be full of antique charm. The width of the road will reach 12 meters, including the pedestrian street with a width of 7 meters in the middle and 2 to 2.5 meters on both sides. . The south back street, which starts from Yangqiao Road and stops at Jipi Road, is only 634 meters long. It is a leisure culture commercial street combining traditional and modern.

In the history of South Back Street, there have been many traditional craft industries in Fuzhou, such as lanterns, temples and bookstores. According to relevant sources, according to the relevant planning, Nanhou Street is positioned as a traditional cultural and commercial street. The initial plan is to protect and inherit the old-fashioned business status, such as “Mijia Ship”, “Juchengtang” bookstore, lanterns and other 100-year-old brands. The traditional lamp market that the citizens love is also initially planned to be held regularly every year. In addition, the relevant departments also intend to invite Shoushan stone carvings, lacquer ware, softwood paintings and other Fuzhou traditional arts and crafts masters to set up masters of arts and crafts in South Back Street to increase the traditional business atmosphere.

In the business and business planning of South Back Street, there are “new faces” such as bars, cafes, and top luxury goods. The emergence of these new faces will inject the modern South Back Street with modern factors, but it cannot guarantee whether modern factors will affect traditional culture.

The protective restoration project along the South Back Street was completed in January 2009. It has already opened its doors to reproduce its historical features of “Zhengyangmenwai Liulichang, Yijinfang Qiannan Back Street”.

Three Lanes and Seven Alleys

Geographical environment

Sanfangqixiang is one of the important landmarks of Fuzhou’s historic city in Fujian Province. It still preserves quite a few squares (reconstructed) formed since the Tang and Song Dynasties. Sanfang Qixiang Street is one of the top ten historical and cultural streets in China, with an area of 38 hectares.

Since the beginning of the Han Dynasty, Fuzhou has built six cities, such as Yecheng and Zicheng. The city has expanded from north to south. The whole layout is based on Pingshan Mountain. It is opposite to Yushan and Wushan, and South Street (August 7 Road) is The central axis, on both sides into a square into a lane, pay attention to symmetry, and gradually form a street of Sanfang Qixiang (“Street” guide backstreet).

The “Three Squares and Seven Alleys” section is formed in the Tang Dynasty to hear Luocheng. The south side of Luocheng is bounded by the Antai River. The political center and the nobles live in the north of the city. The civilian residential area and the commercial area are in the south of the city, while emphasizing the central axis symmetry. On both sides of the central axis, segmented walls, these residents became the beginning of the square and the lane, which formed the three squares and seven lanes of today.

In this block, Fangxiang is vertical and horizontal, with slate paving; white-walled tile houses, curved gables, rigorous layout, and exquisite craftsmanship; many are also decorated with pavilions, terraces, buildings, pavilions, flowers and trees, rockeries, blending humanities and natural landscapes. Integral, the main room and the rear room window are double-storey long-length windows, the bottom layer is fixed, and the upper layer is open or double-open. The main entrance of the main room faces the hall gallery, mostly 4 open styles, and the door is engraved with rich pattern flowers to add to the style of the hall. “Who knows Wuliu Lone Pines, but lives in the Three Lanes and Seven Lanes,” the three squares and seven alleys, the outstanding people, the place where the generals will come, many famous politicians, strategists, writers, poets from here to the glory, Some square names and lane names can be seen in the charm and glory of the year. Sanfang Qixiang, Fuzhou City, as the largest and most complete Ming and Qing Dynasty ancient building block in China’s downtown, was selected as one of China’s top ten history in the first “China Top Ten Historical and Cultural Streets” Cultural name block.” On July 19th, 2009, “China’s historical and cultural street · Fuzhou Sanfang Qixiang” held a grand opening ceremony in South Back Street, Fuzhou.

Three Lanes and Seven Alleys

History and culture

Habitually speaking, we all said that after the three squares, we will talk about the seven lanes. In fact, the analysis from the construction location should be preceded by the seven lanes and the three squares. The ancestors of the Tang Dynasty first built a group of “new villages” arranged along the axis of the city – South Street. Then, next to a South Back Street, develop to the west, build a group of square lanes, and become a “non-” shaped structure of the south back street as the central axis. After thousands of years of wind and rain changes, most of them were named after the Fang Dynasty in the Song Dynasty. They formed the architectural pattern of today in the Ming and Qing Dynasties and became the landmark building of Fuzhou’s historical and cultural city.

Judging from the treatment of the architectural space, the main hall on the central axis of Sanfangqixiang is obviously taller, larger and wider than the halls in the north. It forms high and low, and lively and varied spaces with other corridors and buildings. pattern. The hall is generally open and integrated into the patio. In particular, in order to make the hall look tall, spacious, and open, it is generally focused on the treatment of Lang Xuan. The coffin of the coffin, or the addition of a coffin to assist the clam, deliberately adopts a large and long The high-quality hard wood and the use of the column-making method make the hall without any obstacles, which are rarely seen in northern buildings and other southern buildings. For example, the car hall of the former residence of Gong Conglin, and the stage of the temple, are treated as such. This is one of the important features of Fuzhou ancient architecture.

In addition to the difference in layout and structure, Sanfangqixiang has its own characteristics in the walls, carvings and facades.

Three Lanes and Seven Alleys

Saddle wall

The houses of Sanfangqixiang all follow the tradition of wall-building in the late Tang Dynasty, and there are walls of high, thick brick or earth. The wall is streamlined with the undulations of the wooden truss, and the corners protrude from the outside of the house, resembling a saddle, commonly known as a saddle wall. The wall is only used as the outer part, and the load-bearing effect is all about the column. Most of the Jiangnan buildings are stepped gables formed by straight lines at a 90-degree angle. Fuzhou has only a few buildings, including Fujian’s Yubei, Weinan, and Jidong, but the saddle wall of Fuzhou Sanfangqixiang residential houses. It is a curved saddle wall. Generally, the sides are symmetrical, and the wall and the slanting angle are all painted with clay, forming a unique wall style of ancient residences in Fuzhou.

Three Lanes and Seven Alleys

Carving

The most distinctive feature of the three squares and seven lanes in architectural decoration is the carving of the door and window fans. The ordinary residents’ beams and columns are not modified, simple and simple, but they are painstaking in the carving of the door and window fans. Its window sills are exquisitely crafted, and the inlaid wood carvings are inaccessible to residents of other provinces. The types of window coverings are particularly rich, with a card-like pattern of leaking flowers, pure wood-carved window sashes, and the use of the two. It can be said that it is a master of Jiangnan art. In the card-type leaking, the craftsmen carefully arrange to form different decorative effects, such as linear, curved, and mixed–linear straight and dense, curved and dynamic, mixed and varied, and each has auspicious Meaning. In the wood-carved window sash, there are open-cut, embossed, themes include birds and beasts, characters and flowers, and the entire window sash is decorated with asymmetrical and asymmetrical. For example, in the Ming Dynasty ancient house of Wenfufang Youhengsheng, on the door and window partitions of the second entrance room, the more complicated bottle flower pattern was carved through, and the vase symbolizes residence. The polyester ring plate is a bas-relief flower. These flower window carvings carved out of the card or the hollowwork of the wood show the superb skills of Fujian folk artisans.

Three Lanes and Seven Alleys

Building door

The handling of the building doors of Sanfangqixiang is also very distinctive, about four. One is a rectangular door with a stone frame in the same plane as the wall in the middle of the front wall, and the other is a card block that extends from the saddle wall on both sides. The saddle wall is formed by the roof of the two sides. Larger buildings, such as the former residence of Shen Yu, the former residence of Chen Chengyu, and the former residence of Lin Congzhen are all such gates.

Three Lanes and Seven Alleys

Declaration

The “Three Squares and Seven Lanes Declaration” was adopted on July 20, 2009 in Fuzhou, “The Old City Protection and Renovation – Sanfang Qixiang International Academic Seminar”. The Declaration proposes the following consensus and action initiatives for the protection of urban cultural heritage: each city has its own unique historical and cultural genes. The city must cherish its cultural heritage in the process of development. It not only belongs to a city but also the common wealth of all mankind. Every city has the responsibility and obligation to protect it.

From the protection of cultural relics to the protection of cultural heritage is the progress of social development. The protection of urban cultural heritage should not only focus on the protection of material cultural heritage, but also on the protection of intangible cultural heritage. Attention should be paid to establishing emotional connections between the people and cultural heritage. Establishing, active, reasonable and effective ways to make cultural heritage pay attention and share to the people, so that cultural heritage can provide an inexhaustible driving force for social development.

The influence of cultural heritage on the economy and society is imperceptible and profound and long-term. It is a spiritual capital, cultural capital, economic capital and social capital that cannot be reborn. The loss of cultural heritage cannot be compensated. The city must cherish its cultural heritage in the process of development. Each city has a “Forbidden City” that she should protect.

Three Lanes and Seven Alleys

Practical information

Scenic spot tickets

As the hottest spot in Fuzhou, 14 state-level and provincial-level cultural protection units in Sanfang Qixiang Scenic Area will be charged for trials starting from March 5, 2011. The fare is 160 yuan per sheet, the first year (2011). Temporary pricing of 120 yuan.

The 14 cultural security units charged are: Yan Fu Former Residence, Ermei Shuwu, Shuiyu Stage, Xiaohuanglou, Lin Congxi’s Former Residence, Tianhou Palace, Guo Baiyin’s Former Residence, Liu Family Courtyard, Xie Jiaxuan, Wang Xi’s Former Residence, Youshi Residence Liu Guanxiong’s former residence, Liu Qi’s former residence and Zhou Zhewen Art Museum.

As of June 2011, it has been opened to the public: Yan Fu Former Residence, Ermei Book House, Shuiyu Stage, Xiaohuanglou, Lin Congzhen’s Former Residence, Tianhou Palace, Guo Baiyin’s Former Residence, Liu Family Courtyard, Xie Jiaxuan and Zhou Zhewen Art Museum .

The specific ticket information is as follows: The annual ticket price of Sanfangqixiang is 30 yuan/person.

Yan Fu’s Former Residence, Ermeishu House, Shuiyu Stage, Xiaohuanglou, Lin Congzhen’s Former Residence, Xie Jiaxuan, Wang Shu’s Former Residence, Guo Baiyin’s Former Residence, Liu Family Courtyard, Zhou Zhewen Art Museum, Yujiahua Hall, Liu Qi’s Former Residence (Joint Fare ) 120 yuan / person;

The former residence of Shuiyu Stage, Xiaohuanglou and Lin Congzhen is 20 yuan/person;

Yan Fu’s former residence, Liu Family Courtyard 15 yuan / person

Former Residence of Wang Shu, Guo Baiyin’s Former Residence, Yujiahua Hall, Youshi Residence 10 yuan/person

Xie Jiaxuan, Liu Qi’s former residence, Zhou Zhewen Art Museum (Guanglu Yutai Qing Brick Building) 5 yuan / person

Free of charge: active military personnel with valid documents (excluding reserve service), retired cadres, disabled persons, seniors aged 70 years and older, children under 6 years old (inclusive) or below 1.2 meters in height.

From October 1st, 2018, the coupon price of Fuzhou Sanfang Qixiang Scenic Area has been reduced from 120 yuan to 90 yuan.

Opening hours

The public block is open all day and charges are available from 8:30-17:00.

Best season

October – the best in February of the following year. Fuzhou is short in winter and short in summer. In autumn and winter, the sun is shining and the trees are evergreen. In Sanfangqixiang, you can also see the flowers and plants in the houses. July-September is a period of typhoon activity. The average typhoon hits the city twice a year. During the period, it is rainy and the indoor activities are the best.

Travel information

Internal traffic

Take Fuzhou Metro Line 1 and get off at Dongjiekou Station to get to Sanfang Qixiang Scenic Area.

External traffic

Fuzhou Airport, major railway stations and bus stations have direct bus or subway to Sanfangqixiang. You can directly navigate the “Three Squares and Seven Lanes” by car.

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