Geographic location:Chibi City, Hubei Province
Famous scenery:Chibi Cliff Carvings, Zhou Yu Statue, Baifengtai
Suitable for the play season:Suitable for spring, summer and autumn
The ancient battlefield of Chibi in the Three Kingdoms, the site of the Battle of Chibi, is now located on the south bank of Chibi City, Xianning City, Hubei Province (located on the south bank of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, north of Wuhan, and Yueyang in the south). It is the ancient Chinese “small wins, weak wins and strong” The only ancient battlefield that still exists in the big battle.
On the cliff of Chibi, the cliff of the Red Cliff, and the stone carving “Red Cliff”, it is said that Zhou Yu’s book, so some people call it the “Zhou Lang Chibi”, the earliest existing cultural relics in Chibi. Zhou Lang stone statue, proud of the Yangtze River, aspirations full of pointing Jiangshan picturesque; on the wind stage, Zhuge Wuhou feather fan swayed, cleverly borrowed Dongfeng, borrowed a thousand years to shock the ancient world, and lend a new country The pattern; the phoenix chicks, the millennium wisteria, the towering ginkgo is still green, when the phoenix chicks lived in this concealed and coherent series; one dragon and one phoenix, gathered in the Chibi, let this land borrow the dragon and the phoenix chicks to fly into the sky, In the long river of history, draw a thick and colorful stroke.
It is now the Chibi scenic spot and is a national 5A level scenic spot. Its main landscapes are: Chibi Cliff Stone Carving, Zhou Yu Statue, Baifengtai, Fengqiu, Yijiang Pavilion, Chibi Wars Exhibition Hall, Chibi Monument, Millennium Ginkgo, Three Kingdoms Sculpture Garden. Wait for dozens.
On October 17, 2018, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism proposed to be a national 5A-level tourist attraction.
The ancient battlefield of Chibi in the Three Kingdoms was the site of the Battle of Chibi in the same year. In the 13th year of Jian’an (AD 208), Cao Cao led a 260,000-strong army to the south. It was like a broken bamboo, and even the city of Kexin and Liyang, from Jiangling to the Yangtze River, After the battle between Chibi and Sun Quan and Liu Bei’s 50,000-strong coalition forces, after Cao Jun’s defeat, he returned to Jiangbei, and Wu Bing Wulin (now Honghu County Wulin Commune), and Sun and Liu Lianjun stood by the river.
Later, Zhou Yu used the Huang Gai’s suggestion to use the fire attack to launch an attack on Cao Jun. At that time, the southeast wind was in a hurry, and the fireboat used the wind to directly attack the Cao Jun camp. For a time, Cao Ying was in full swing, a sea of fire, Cao Jun defeated, Sun Liu Lianjun took the opportunity to attack, and Cao Cao led the rest of the department to Hualing Road (now identified the northwest of the county) to defeat Jiangling, thus laying the groundwork for Wei, Yi and Wu, which became the famous classic battle in Chinese history. In the history of ancient Chinese wars, a glorious stroke was left.
Bitter meter / counter meter
After a long journey, Cao Jun was exhausted and the soldiers had been plagued. In the battle between Chibi and Jiangdong soldiers, setbacks occurred, so Cao Cao moved the whole army to Jiangbei, which is convenient for advance and retreat. It is maintained between Jianglin and Chibi by Jiang Dongbing. Due to the long-term stalemate, Sun Liulian’s military department will propose a “fire attack” operational plan. From the yellow cover, he went to Cao Gong to ask the book to swindle. Because of a series of previous victories, Cao Cao saw Zhou Yu and Huang Gai as conspiring to see Liu Wei and Yan Yue as Jingzhou returning. This also seriously affected the thoughts of the counselors and military sergeants. The general generals were even less suspicious and would like to see The yellow cover came down from the water.
Linkage meter / fire burning company
On the 13th of Jian’an thirteen years (208), Huang Gai carried dozens of warships loaded with dry and dry wood and filled with oil. They took the southeast wind and sailed on the river. The ships only speeded up. Drive to the north bank. Cao Gong and the gentleman, both of whom came out of the camp to see the yellow cover, only the adviser Cheng Hao found in the Dongfeng emergency that the ship was light and floating. It was judged that it was not a grain transport vessel, and he was worried that an accident would occur, that is, he would pay attention to the enemy. There are fraud problems. However, it was already too late at this time. The ship was only two miles away from the north bank. The battleship commanded by Huang Gai was ignited at the same time. It was driven by strong winds and the ship sailed like an arrow, hitting Cao Jun Shui Zhai. The water was fired and the ship was locked by an iron chain and could not be dismantled. The fire danced with the wind, and the camp on the shore also caught fire. The flames burst into the sky, and Cao Jun was caught in a sea of fire. Sun Jun of the South Bank shouted and shouted.
The Caojun Shuizhai and the onshore camps on the north bank of the river were suddenly attacked by the wind and ship, causing a chaos. Sun Jun of the South Bank also sent troops to cross the river to participate in the fighting and expand the results. The two sides fought fiercely in the flames. Cao will be the elite of Zhang Liao’s command post and defeat the attack of Huang Gai. Xu Huang can also be calm and calm, and the whole army should fight. However, at this time, Liu Bei’s Yuzhou Army and the fierce generals Zhang Fei and Zhao Yun each launched a fierce attack on Cao Jun, and Liu Bei also took the lead to command the battle. Cao Jun suffered from the enemy and suffered heavy losses. When Sun and Liu were still unsuccessful, they withdrew from Wulin and turned to Huarong Road.
After Cao Cao led the remnant into Huarong Road, he encountered heavy rain and strong winds, encountered muddy and blocked, and the road was not accessible. The squadron was forced to fill the shop and the ride was passed. The squadrons borrowed from the people and the dead were everywhere. Liu Jun Fu Bing missed the best attack. Cao Cao troops have been out of danger. Cao Cao withdrew to Jiangling, and he said: “Liu Bei, Wu Yu, but also counted (prepared and hands-on) later, to set fire to the early, my class is classless (all destroyed).” Although Cao Cao’s army did not completely destroy, However, the army of the south has lost more than half of it. At this time, it is no longer able to unify the north and south, thus ending the battle of Chibi Sun Liu Sanfang.
After the Battle of Chibi, the situation of Wei, Yi and Wu Ding appeared, that is, the three kingdoms in history. Cao Cao’s absolute superiority (about 260,000 yuan) combined with Sun Liu’s absolute inferior strength (4–50,000), but suffered heavy losses. During the Battle of Chibi, various forms of struggles such as politics, military affairs, and diplomacy emerged. Therefore, the Battle of Chibi became one of the most famous battles in Chinese history, attracting attention from both Chinese and foreign people.
The military slogan: to win less, to win weak, must count the battle of Chibi. The Chinese believe that it is only to Chibi that they know the beauty of “Tao, Heaven, Earth, Will, and Law.” Foreigners believe that it is only in Chibi that they can appreciate the mystery of Eastern culture.
The ancient battlefield scenic spot of the Three Kingdoms Chibi is the only ancient battlefield site in the seven major battles in ancient China that “had less victory and more weakness”. It is now a 5A-level scenic spot approved by the National Tourism Administration. The main landscapes include: Chibi Cliff Stone Carvings, Wucai Temple, Zhou Yu Statue, Baifengtai, Fengqi Temple, Yijiang Pavilion, Wangjiang Pavilion, Chibi Wars Exhibition Hall, Chibi Monument, Millennium Ginkgo, Three Kingdoms Sculpture Park, etc.
The Three Kingdoms Chibi Ancient War Scene Area is located on the south bank of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, north of Wuhan, the capital of Hubei Province, and south of the cultural city of Yueyang. Near the cliff, on the brown sarcophagus, the one-meter square “Chibi” is impressive. The scenic spot is the only ancient battlefield site in the famous ancient battles in China. It is also a national 5A-level tourist scenic spot and a key cultural relic protection unit.
The Three Kingdoms Chibi Ancient War Scene Area is located in the south bank of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and belongs to the subtropical maritime monsoon climate. It is warm and humid, with abundant rainfall, four distinct seasons and sufficient sunshine. The ambient air quality of the city is stable within the “Environmental Air Quality Standards” secondary standard. The annual average temperature is 16.9. °C, the annual average frost-free period is 247~261 days, and the rainfall is 1251~1608 mm.
There are three branches of Chibi Mountain, Nanping Mountain and Jinlu Mountain in the ancient battlefield of Chibi in the Three Kingdoms.
Chibi Cliff Stone Carving
On the cliff of Linbi Cliff in Chibi, it is engraved with the word “Red Cliff”. The fonts are 150 cm long and 104 cm wide. It is said that when the Red Cliff Wars, Sun Liulian fired Cao Jun warships, the river surface was a sea of fire, and the riverside cliffs Reflected in the red, Cao Jun defeated, Sun Liulianjun to celebrate the wine, the wine cellar, Zhou Yu sword on the cliff carved “Red Cliff” word, because the giant hand pen, force cover thousands of miles, handwriting through the stone After the cliff reached the mountain, the word “Red Cliff” was reflected. According to the Song Dynasty Xie Zhende, “Chibi’s Poems Preface” contains: “To the river from the river to the Dongting, the boat over the Puyu, see the stone rock has the word Chibi.” The Ming Orthodox “Jiayu County” contains: “Chibi… cut the wall to the west, and there is a word for ‘Red Cliff’.” Li Bai, a poet of the Tang Dynasty, wrote a famous poem when he visited Chibi, “The two dragons battled against the male and female, and the Chibi building was swept away. The fire was Zhang Tianzhao Yunhai, Zhou Yu broke Cao Gong.”
Guan Yu is not only a historical figure. After thousands of years of historical evolution, it has become the invincible existence of the people. Since ancient times, it has been enshrined by merchants everywhere. Guan Yu’s statue is prestige, and Dan Feng’s eye is lying on the silkworm. Legend is Guan Yu. You can’t be arrogant, if the gods are all open, they will kill (this is the saying that the people in the Central Plains have been proclaiming the millennium). After Guan Yu’s fame, he will not only be enshrined as a Taoist god, but Buddhism will also add Guan Yu as The god of protection will be (the other is related to Buddhism’s public protection method).
Guan Gong is the embodiment of justice and righteousness. He is the best person in the town. If there is a long-term illness in the family, or if his health is not good, please take a statue of the town and defend the house. Therefore, Guan Yu is also known as the “Guan Sheng Emperor”, referred to as “Guan Di”, and now Taoism mainly worships him as a god of wealth. In addition to “treating the disease and removing the disease, driving the evil, punishing the rebellious, inspecting the meditation”, Guan Gongxiang also has “Sheng Minglu, a sheltered merchant, a fortune, and a treasure”, and because of his loyalty, he was regarded as a god of wealth.
Chibi Mountain Linjiang Head, there is a pavilion, covered with glazed tiles, six-column hexagonal, tower-shaped apex, named after the Chibi Mountain and Tieshan-like Kunpeng wings – Yijiang Pavilion. According to legend, during the Battle of Chibi, Zhou Yu’s command post was standing in this pavilion, overlooking the base camp where the troops of the Wulin Cao Jun were stationed. This pavilion is six-column hexagonal, which is similar to the Ming Dynasty architectural style. It was rebuilt in 1936. The pavilion has a pair of former couples of the Republic of China Cai Hanqing’s handwritten book: “The river is ruthless red, with the hang of the year, whoever confessed to the ignorance of the child, and the good policy; A look at the blue, the legacy of the victory, worrying about the price of Zhou Lang, Lu Difeng emblem.” In the battle of the Red Cliff, the river surface here was reflected by the ruthless fire, and now we recall the picture of the war of the year, naturally think of This famous battle case with less wins and more weaknesses. The next link is to praise Sun Quan after the founding of the country, the two times facing the crisis are Zhou Yu, Lu Xun two manpower tough, began to consolidate the Soochow Foundation. When the two made meritorious deeds, they were all in the weak crown, and they were all opposed by Zhang Zhao and others. Sun Quan’s ability to dispel the public, reusing the young generals, Fang Jian’s extraordinary achievements. “Three Kingdoms·Wu Zhi”‘s evaluation of Sun Quan is: “Be able to bend and bear the humiliation, Ren Cai Shangxian, there is the singularity of Goujian, the hero of the British, so it can be self-professional, and become the industry of Ding Ding.” Write a picture, lyrics, and history as one, borrowing the story of several civil servants in the history of the Eastern Wu Dynasty to make contributions to the Soochow regime, and sang the trust of the Lord in the Battle of Chibi.
Also known as Wuhou Palace, sitting on the top of Nanping Mountain in the southeast of Chibi Mountain, it is to commemorate the battle in the Battle of Chibi, where Zhuge Wuhou built the altar, borrowed Dongfeng, and helped Zhou Lang. The entire building area is 310 square meters. It is divided into two temple halls. The inner hall is provided with the statues of Liu Bei, Guan Yu, Zhang Fei and Zhuge Liang. The robe is elegant and lifelike. There is a cultural relics exhibition hall on the left. It was built in 1979. There are more than 1,000 pieces of cultural relics unearthed in Chibi. There are knives, guns, swords, cymbals, cymbals, ge, hooks and Dongwu copper coins (“big money is thousands”, “Daquan Five hundred”, “Daquan Dangbai”), and the East Han bronze mirror and “cut round five” money and a large number of pottery in the Eastern Han Dynasty, the Three Kingdoms. The “Dongfeng Pavilion” on the right was built in 1975 for visitors to rest. This year, the Fengtai Department was rebuilt in 1935 and repaired in 1948.
Zhou Yushi statue
In the Chitou Rocky Head, on an open flat, the stone statue of Zhou Yu, the governor of the Three Kingdoms, is built to commemorate the heroic posture of Zhou Yu in the Chibi War. The statue was erected in January 1991 and the base of the statue is wide and tall. Each 2 meters, 3 meters long, portrait height 6.85 meters, carved from 26 granite. The stone statue of 8.58 meters in height is the largest stone statue of Hubei Province, which fully demonstrates the heroic image of Zhou Lang’s heroic and bloody style. The statue of Zhou Yu combines the double advantages of the Han portrait stone carving, the Northern Wei stone carving and the modern architectural art. From the front, the east wind blows, the jersey robes to the northwest and the southeast wind direction of the Confucian altar offerings; the opposite side looks like one side Stone wall, and “Red Cliff” meaning. The base design is unique. The pattern of the axe and the axe symbolizes the horror of the shore, and the three levels of metaphor “rolling up a thousand piles of snow”, from the words of Su Shi, also metaphorizes the three countries. Zhou Dudu’s statue is armed with a sword, his eyes are glory, and he is not afraid of more than 200,000 strong enemies of Cao Jun. The whole statue shows the heroic spirit of Zhou Yu’s “male and heroic”.
On the Jinlu Mountain in the south of Nanping Mountain, there is a ancestral hall. According to legend, during the battle of Chibi, “Mr. Fengqi” Pang Tong took a place to read the military books. Later generations built a phoenix commemoration to commemorate the contribution of Mr. Feng Hsiao to the Red Cliff War. . The temple was built in the 26th year of Qing Daoguang (1846). It was originally the Nine Major Hall. It is the most important one. The building area is 300 square meters. It is divided into three rooms: the first room is decorated with the statue of Pang Tong, the second room. For the Chibi Library, the third room is the reception and lounge. On the right side of the phoenix pheasant, there are four words on the right side of the house. The legend is that Zhuge Liang’s title was given to Pang Tong during the Battle of Chibi. At that time, there was a small vegetable field outside, and Pang Tong planted fresh horseshoes in the vegetable field. There was an ancient well in the middle of the vegetable garden. The well water was clear and dry, and the hillside was also filled with sweet and delicious tones. Come, Pang Tong always fry a large bowl of horseshoes, take out the glutinous rice wine to entertain, and then give the guests a cup of tea with well water and fragrant tea. This kind of hospitality is to let the guests praise.
Located on the right side of the Fengfeng Terrace, behind the Dongfeng Pavilion. Construction began in 1985. The building has a construction area of 277 square meters and was opened in May 1986. It is a four-way corridor, reinforced concrete and wood stone structure. There is a four-character “Li Chibei” on the threshold, and there are 25 stone monuments in the gallery. The stone monument is integrated with the wall. On the tablet, there are poems and words describing the battle of the Red Cliff by successive poets. Wang Zhenju, Shen Peng, Ren Zheng, Guan Shanyue, Xu Jiuda, Wu Zhang from Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Guangzhou, Wuhan, Yangzhou and other places. In the middle of the back wall of the Red Cliff Tablet, there is a black marble monument with a length of 4.7 meters and a height of 1.5 meters. The inscription is the handwriting of Yue Fei, a national hero of the Southern Song Dynasty. These inscriptions, lines, grasses, shackles, and lilies, each with its own merits and fine craftsmanship, are all good works.
In front of the phoenix pheasant in the ancient battle scene area of the Three Kingdoms, there is a thousand-year-old tree. The tree is several tens of meters high. The main pole is tall and straight, and the branches are leafy and spectacular. It adds a lot to the surrounding scenery. It is said that this ginkgo tree has been around for more than 1800 years, and it was planted by Pang Tong himself. This old tree was also the only survivor of life after witnessing the battle of Chibi. It is more legendary that Pang Tong became a phoenix after his death, and he lived on this ginkgo tree after the golden pheasant.
Ginkgo biloba is a deciduous tree and is a relict plant. Ginkgo biloba, also known as the white fruit tree, grows slowly and has a very long life. Ginkgo biloba has been cultivated for more than 20 years. After 40 years, it can produce a large number of results. Therefore, it is aliased “Gongsunshu”, and there is “publiclore and grandchildren”. The meaning. It is the old birthday star in the tree. Ginkgo trees have appreciation, economy, and medicinal value, and the whole body is a “treasure.” It is one of the most precious tree species in the world and is therefore regarded as a “living fossil” in the plant kingdom.
Wangjiang Pavilion is located at the top of the Chibi Mountain in the Chibi Ancient War Scene Area of the Three Kingdoms. In Yuting, look at the other side of the Yangtze River, you can see the place where Cao Cao’s 260,000 troops were stationed, Wulinzhai. Chibi Mountain is like a sword straight into the heart of the river, is the best place to see Cao Ying. Here retreat can be guarded, and can enter the attack, so that the battle of the Red Cliff Sun Liu Lianjun occupied the absolute advantage of the terrain.
Wang Jiangting is said to be the place where Huang Gai was watching Cao Ying in the past. Huang Gai was the emperor of the Three Dynasties in Soochow. In the early years, he followed Sun Jian to fight the world together and made great contributions to the establishment of Sun’s foundation. Everyone in Dongwu respects him. According to legend, in the battle of Chibi, Zhou Yu played chess together with Huang Gai. Zhou Yu took a piece of chess and was eaten by Huang Gai. Huang Gai was shocked. Zhou Yu pretended to be helpless: I will not be able to use it. After Huang Gai’s intention, Mao’s self-recommended. Thus, in the battle of Chibi, Huang Gai really did not live up to expectations, a burning Cao Jun did not see the day, Cao Cao fled. This fire has taken a crucial step in the final victory of Sun Liulianjun. After Sun Quan’s merits and deeds, the Taiping Lake, which was trained by Huang Gai, was given to Huang Gai and renamed “Huang Gai Lake”.
The museum is a special exhibition hall with the theme of the Battle of Chibi, covering an area of 2,069 square meters. Construction began in 1990 and was completed in 1994. There is a preface hall, a war model room, a wax figure story room, and a literature and history data room. The exhibits in the museum truly reproduce the human history of the late Eastern Han Dynasty and the spectacular scenes of the Red Cliffs of the Three Kingdoms.
Preface Hall: There are three large-scale maps on the wall: “The Situation of the Red Cliff War in the Late Eastern Han Dynasty”, “The Scheduling of the Warlord’s Separation”, and “The Distribution of the Names of the Peasant Uprisings”. The hall displays the inventor of Cao Cao, the counselor of Cao Cao in the war of Guandu. Large-scale riprap cars, Kongming chariots, ancient horse-drawn carriages, Liu Beiyu, and the armor, helmets and weapons worn by the three kingdoms.
Literature and History Reference Room: The restoration model, murals, and imperial family table of the Three Kingdoms are displayed. The princely feudal watch and the map of the generals who participated in the war, the reproduction of the Han Dynasty cultural relics and pictures. The main cultural relics are: the restored tombs and the squadrons of the generals of Dongwu, the Houwu, and the reincarnation of Chen Wenhe, and more than 1,000 pieces of knives, guns, swords and other weapons unearthed from Chibi Mountain and a large number of countries such as the Three Kingdoms Soochow Copper Coin and Bronze Mirror. Precious cultural relics.
The wax story room of the characters of the Three Kingdoms: the tongue war group Confucianism, the bitter meat meter, the serial ring meter, the Jiang Gan stolen book, the grass boat borrowing arrow, the second Joe embroidery screen, and the Kong Ming sacrifice wind seven groups of wax figures tell us about the popular stories of the Three Kingdoms Chibi battle.
Three Kingdoms Sculpture Garden
The stone carvings in the sculpture garden are all the three national figures that everyone is familiar with. These three distinctive characters and cultural relics models, the exquisitely captured historical scenes, humorously reproduce the beautiful waves of humanism in the Romance of the Three Kingdoms. Or it is hilarious, or it makes people laugh, or makes people think about it, and thinks about the ancient feelings; primitive, simple, harmonious, natural sculpture model stands in Maolin Xiuzhu, stone table, stone bench… rich in content, The style is elegant, the shape is smooth, the production is fine, the space is beautified, and the environment is sublimated. It is also to let us better understand the wonderful culture of the Three Kingdoms.
Three Kingdoms Film City
In the construction of the new scenic spot, the focus is on “a scene of China’s largest Chibi war scene” directed by Wu Yusen, as well as hardware facilities such as the Three Kingdoms and Three Kingdoms Houses that reflect the regional culture of Wei, Yi and Wu. In software development, the “Three Kingdoms Culture”, which expresses the characteristics of the three countries, the battle scenes and the folk customs, is centered on the concept of “Red Cliff Reappearing the Three Kingdoms, Visitors Experience the War”, using the Three Kingdoms Temple Fair, Real Scenery, Folk Stunts, Han Dynasty Drama, etc. A variety of artistic expressions create a unique three-nation city pool, forming an unprecedented variety of sightseeing tours.
The three-country film and television city built in the style of the Han Dynasty has a thick and stable overall design. The flowers and trees in the city are supported, and the bridges are flowing. The shop is surrounded by the water, decorated with Maolin bamboo, Huaguangtan shadow, it is like a fairyland. Everything in the Three Kingdoms is based on the culture of the Three Kingdoms, regardless of the style of the store, the content of the business, and the costumes of the people. The scenic spot perfectly integrates the culture of the Three Kingdoms, the culture of the Han Dynasty and the culture of Taoism, and has a very profound cultural connotation. In terms of construction style, it is a human landscape that is worthy of a look at the expansion and innovation of the Three Kingdoms Film and Television City.
The Three Kingdoms Chibi Ancient War Scene Area Address: The Three Kingdoms Chibi Ancient Battlefield Scenic Area is located 38 kilometers northwest of Chibi City, Hubei Province, opposite Wulin in Jiangbei, 164 kilometers away from Wuhan and 90 kilometers away from Hunan Yueyang.
Traffic Guide of the Three Kingdoms Chibi Ancient War Scene Area: After taking the shuttle bus or train to Wuhan to reach Chibi City, take the 2 bus to the passenger station and get off. Take the shuttle bus to Chibi Town to reach the scenic spot.
Drive along the Beijing-Hong Kong-Macau Expressway (formerly Beijing-Zhuhai Expressway, G4) to the Chibi exit. After driving out of the Chibi toll station, head towards Honghu to the tourist fast track. Go straight along the tourist fast track and drive for about 38km toward the ancient battlefield of Chibi in Chibi, and arrive at the ancient battle scene area of Chibi.