Geographic location:Chun’an County, Zhejiang Province
Famous scenery:Qianmeifeng Island, Monkey Island, Longshan Island, Lock Island, Santan Island
Suitable for the play season:Best in spring and autumn
Qiandao Lake Scenic Area, also known as Xin’anjiang Reservoir, is located in Chun’an County, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province. It is 129 kilometers away from Hangzhou in the east and 140 kilometers away from Huangshan in the west. It covers an area of 982 square kilometers and is located in the hinterland of the Yangtze River Delta. Thousand Island Lake is 129 kilometers away from Hangzhou, 140 kilometers away from Huangshan City, Lin’an City in the north, Changshan County in the south, Kaihua County and Zhangzhou City in the southwest, Tonglu and Jiande two counties in the southeast, and the border of northwest and Anhui Province. .
The shape of the Qiandao Lake is denim, and there are 1078 islands in the lake. The islands in the Qiandao Lake have different shapes. The islands are densely distributed and listed.
In 1982, Qiandao Lake developed tourism. In November 1986, the Qiandao Lake Scenic Area was approved by the Ministry of Forestry as a National Forest Park. In 2010, Qiandao Lake Scenic Area was rated as a national AAAAA level scenic spot. In 2002, Qiandao Lake Scenic Area was rated as China’s Demonstration Scenic Spot for Protecting Tourism Consumer Rights and Zhejiang Youth Civilization Model Demonstration Zone.
Its main attractions are Meifeng Island, Monkey Island, Longshan Island, Lock Island, and Tantan Island.
In 1982, Qiandao Lake developed tourism
In 1982, Qiandao Lake Scenic Area became the first batch of national scenic spots.
In November 1986, the Qiandao Lake Scenic Area was approved by the Ministry of Forestry as a National Forest Park.
In 2011, the district planning of the “Two Rivers and One Lake” Qiandao Lake Scenic Area was launched.
Qiandao Lake Scenic Area is located in Chun’an County. The geographical coordinates of the center are 118°58′—119°17′ east longitude, 29°31′—29°41′ north latitude, 129 km east of Hangzhou and 140 km west of Huangshan. Square kilometers, located in the hinterland of the Yangtze River Delta.
The water visibility of the Qiandao Lake Scenic Area is up to 12 meters, and the water quality meets the national Class I surface water standard. The normal lake area has a high water level of 108 meters and a storage capacity of 17.84 billion cubic meters, equivalent to the capacity of 3,184 West Lakes. The water level of the lake is very different, with a depth of 100 meters and an average depth of 34 meters.
The Qiandao Lake Scenic Area is located in the middle of the subtropical zone. It belongs to the subtropical monsoon climate zone. It is controlled by the northern high pressure in winter. It is prevailing in the northwest wind. It is dominated by sunny and cold weather, with low temperature and low rainfall. In summer, it is controlled by the Pacific negative tropical high. Damp heat. The climate is mild and humid with four distinct seasons. The frost-free period is 8-9 months, the annual average temperature is between 15 °C and 17 °C, the frost-free period is 230-270 days, the annual average precipitation is 1319. 7 mm, the spring rain, the plum rain, the typhoon and rainstorm are the main, and there is drought in July and August. . Its climatic characteristics: four distinct seasons, abundant sunshine, abundant heat, abundant rainfall and moderate temperature.
Qiandao Lake Scenic Area has a good ecological environment. The forest coverage rate of 448 square kilometers is 81%, and the forest coverage rate on the island is 93%. In November 1986, it was approved by the Ministry of Forestry as a national forest park with vascular plants. 1824 species.
In 2015, there were 20 species of tree species that were under national protection. There are 1824 species of vascular plants, 126 species of 69 genera and 35 families of ferns, and 1698 species of 761 genera of 159 families of seed plants. It is a national protected plant of 18 species; the scenic area also preserves relatively broad-leaved mixed-leaf forest areas with a large area and thousands of acres of fields and planting communities of sharp-pointed plants.
There are 13 species of 94 species of fish resources in Qiandao Lake. There are 87 species of freshwater fish in the lake, and the annual fishing volume is more than 4,000 tons. There are 61 species of mammals, 90 species of birds, 50 species of reptiles, 1800 species of 320 species of 16 species of insects, and 12 species of 4 families and 4 families of amphibians.
The wild animals that are protected at the national level include cloud leopard, leopard, blackbird, Chinese merganser, and white-necked long-tailed pheasant. They are protected by macaques, black bears, pangolins, otters, big civet cats, and golden cats. , river otter, gazelle, Hainan goose, pheasant, black-winged pheasant, black pheasant, snake-carving, white-tailed hawk, red-bellied eagle, squirrel eagle, gray-faced eagle, common cockroach, big cockroach, forest eagle, red dragonfly, gray Piggybacks, swallows, falcons, scoops, white autumn cranes, brown-winged owls, horned owls, spotted owls, eagle owls, long-eared owls, octopus, sparrow hawks, goshawks, white pelicans, grasses 41 kinds of cockroaches, short ears, cockroaches, big cockroaches, etc.
Thousand islands, deep harbor
Qiandao Lake has a branch shape, with 1078 islands in the lake and the largest artificial lake in China. The islands of the Thousand Island are different in shape, and the islands are densely distributed and listed.
Meifeng Island is located on the Zhuangyuan Peninsula at the western end of the Qianhu Lake Lake Center, 12 kilometers away from Qiandaohu Town. It is identified as the first-class attraction of Qiandao Lake by the islands dotted, the criss-crossing of the harbor and the ecological environment. On a sunny day, you can see more than 300 islands on the Meifeng Observation Deck.
Monkey Island, formerly known as Yunmeng Island, consists of more than ten green islands. The Chinese Academy of Sciences uses the water trapping method to make it a veritable monkey island.
Ancient is a famous place in western Zhejiang. In the autumn of 1959, Longshan became Longshan Island due to the completion of the construction of the Xin’anjiang Reservoir. The island is built with Hairui, flying the horns, and picking up from the sea, and the 500-step stone steps can directly reach the Ninggu Bell Tower.
Locking the island is the world of locks. There are 160,000 kinds of heart locks all over the island, and there is a lock and wisdom lock. The first lock museum in China – Zhonghua Lock Exhibition Hall and the most peaceful lock in the world. Also settle here.
Santan Island is located at the junction of the central lake area of Qiandao Lake and the Southeast Lake District. It is 10 kilometers away from Qiandaohu Town and covers an area of 80 hectares.
History and culture
In 2009, Qiandao Lake has discovered many ancient cultural sites and ancient tombs, the Neolithic cultural sites of Wulong Island, the Western Zhou Dynasty to the Spring and Autumn Cultural Site of Xiaotangwu, the cultural sites of the Spring and Autumn Period and the Jin Dynasty to the Jinshui; Ancient temple buildings such as the bone tower of the island, the honey mountain, the Yinshan, and the ancient tombs such as the Ye Gong Tomb and Zheng Yunzhong Tomb.
Lushan Academy, Shixia Academy, Shushu Academy, etc., Hairui, Longmen Tower, Yiguan Tower, Xiaojin Temple, etc., Yaoshan and Qinchuan’s wind and rain ancient bridge, Festival Xiaofang, and widely distributed in rural areas of Shanxiang Ming and Qing Dynasties residential buildings, ancestral temples, home temples, etc.
Discovery of human tooth fossils
In the winter of 1974, a group of archaeologists from the Institute of Vertebrate and Paleoanthropology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Zhejiang Museum discovered a cultural relic in the upper reaches of the Xin’an River. A cave named Liguidong in Jiande Lijia Town was found in the cave. An ancient human tooth fossil.
This ancient tooth fossil is a right upper canine. The crown is 11.6 mm high, with a median diameter of 8.5 mm and a lip diameter of 9.5 mm. Scientifically identified, this human tooth fossil is a type of sapiens like the Liujiang people who renewed the stage after the late century. It is about 50,000 years ago. According to archaeological practices, named after the land, this human tooth fossil was named “Jiande people.”
In 1959, due to the construction of the Xin’anjiang Hydropower Station, the “Lion City” and “Hecheng” that began in the Han and Tang Dynasties were submerged under the Qiandao Lake overnight.
According to historical records such as “Zi’an County Records”, in October 1955, the Ministry of Power Industry built the Xin’anjiang Hydropower Station and selected the copper officials at the junction of Chun’an and Jiande.
On September 21, 1959, the Xin’an River was intercepted and the reservoir area began to store water. Since then, these two long-established cities in the west of Zhejiang have quietly “sinked” into the bottom of the Qiandao Lake.
On January 7, 2011, the ancient city was awarded the provincial cultural relics protection zone.
Focusing on protecting the ecological environment of Qiandao Lake, comprehensively develop comprehensive management of small watersheds, reduce soil erosion, strengthen the rational development and protection of land, energy and mineral natural resources, improve resource utilization efficiency and comprehensive utilization level, and actively promote clean production processes. Focus on the development of high value-added, non-polluting or light-polluting products, strictly implement total pollutant discharge control, pay attention to the prevention of ecological environment safety, protect forest resources, protect biodiversity, build a sound environmental security system, and comprehensively maintain and improve The environmental quality of Chun’an County.
In 2001, Qiandao Lake Scenic Area was rated as a national AAAA level scenic spot.
In 2002, the Qiandao Lake Scenic Area was awarded the National Demonstration Scenic Spot for Protecting Tourism Consumer Rights and the Zhejiang Youth Civilization Demonstration Scenic Spot.
In 2010, Qiandao Lake Scenic Area was rated as a national AAAAA level scenic spot.
In 2015, Zhejiang Province Key Ecological Functional Zone Demonstration Zone and the beautiful Hangzhou Experimental Zone were honored by the industry as “the model of Chinese lake tourism”.
After transiting from Hangzhou, after exiting the city, take the Hangqian Expressway (Hangzhou Xinjing Expressway) from the South Hub of Hangzhou, turn right at the Yangxi Hub and take the Qiandao Lake branch line to the Qiandaohu Town for a total length of 129 kilometers and 90 minutes.
Xiaoshan Airport Airport Bus: Fare 72 yuan
Hangzhou Huanglong Intercity Bus: Ticket price 38 yuan
Hangzhou West Railway Station: Fare 61 yuan
Hangzhou Passenger Transport Center: 70 yuan fare
Hangzhou East Railway Station Square to Qiandaohu Passenger Transport Center: Ticket price 65 yuan
Qianjiang Market to Qiandaohu Sunshine Station: Ticket price is 38 yuan
High season (March 1 to November 30 each year): 130 yuan / person.
Low season (from December 1st to the end of February): 120 yuan / person.