The Wudalianchi Scenic Area

The Wudalianchi Scenic Area

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Geographic location:North of Heilongjiang Province, southwest of Heihe City


Famous scenery:Laoheishan, Longmen Shizhai, Graqishan Tianchi.

Suitable for the play season:Best from May to September

Wudalianchi Scenic Area: National AAAAA Level Scenic Area, World Geopark, World Man and Biosphere Reserve, International Green List, National Key Scenic Area, National Nature Reserve, National Forest Park, National Natural Heritage, China’s Mineral Water Town, China The national intangible cultural heritage of the famous volcanic town and the holy water festival (Pharmaceutical Festival).

Wudalianchi Scenic Area is located in Wudalianchi City, Heihe City, Heilongjiang Province, 18 kilometers away from Wudalianchi City. It is located in the transition zone from Xiaoxing’anling Mountain to Songnen Plain, with a total area of 1,060 square kilometers, including 321,000 mu of forest land and 57,300 mu of grassland. Ten thousand acres. Between 1719 and 1721, volcanic eruptions, lava blocked the Baihe River, forming five interconnected lakes, hence the name Wudalianchi.

Wudalianchi Scenic Area consists of the Wudalian Lake area: Lotus Lake, Yanshan Lake, Bailong Lake, Heming Lake and Ruyi Lake, which form a beaded lake group, as well as the surrounding volcanic group geological landscape, related human landscape, vegetation and waterscape. There are 618 species of plants and 397 species of wild animals. Compared with the same latitudes, the species of animals and plants are very rich, which has become the main witness of the ecological evolution process. It shows the tenacious vitality of nature and is the world’s most studied species adaptation and biome evolution. Good area.

The first batch of national middle school and primary school students practice and education base.

The Wudalianchi Scenic Area

Historical evolution

Between 1719 and 1721, volcanic eruptions, lava blocked the Baihe River, forming five interconnected lakes, hence the name Wudalianchi.

Before 1974, Wudalianchi Scenic Area did not have a special management organization. The scenic spot at that time was under the jurisdiction of Shuangquan Commune in Dedu County and was the seat of the Qingquan Brigade of Shuangquan Commune. In order to protect and utilize the natural resources of the Wudalianchi area, Dedu County separated the Qingquan Brigade of Shuangquan Commune from the commune and established the “Five Dalian Pool Management Zone”. With the development of Wudalianchi tourism and recuperation, in order to solve the problems of main and non-staple food and transportation, Wudalianchi Town was established on March 10, 1976 with the approval of the Revolutionary Committee of Heilongjiang Province. Only three years after the establishment of the town, the number of sanatoriums established here has grown to 29.

In February 1979, the Heilongjiang Provincial Revolutionary Committee approved the establishment of the “Leading Unit of the Wudalianchi Volcanic Resources Protection and Utilization and Construction Management of Heilongjiang Province”.

In March 1980, Wudalianchi was designated as a “provincial nature reserve” with the approval of the Heilongjiang Provincial Government. In June of the same year, the People’s Government of Heilongjiang Province decided to change the “Leading Group for the Protection and Utilization of the Volcanic Resources of the Wudalianchi Reservoir in Heilongjiang Province” to the Management Committee; and the “Heilongjiang Provincial Revolutionary Committee Wudalianchi Management Office” was changed to “Heilongjiang Provincial People’s Government Wudalianchi Management”. Bureau, the staffing of the Authority has increased from 7 to 15. After the establishment of the Authority, the corresponding institutions such as the volcano management station and the mineral management station were established. Anti-pollution renovation projects were carried out on drinking springs and washing springs. From drinking water to a semi-automatic machine water supply with a spoon, and then to the development of automated electrical water supply.

In order to solve the problem of unified leadership of the Authority and Wudalianchi Town, the provincial government decided in 1981 to work in the town. The merged provincial government Wudalianchi Administration has a total of 49 establishments, and the three rights of people, finances and property belong to the provincial government office.
The Authority established a party committee (county-level), under the leadership of the Heihe District Committee. The relevant enterprises and institutions in the town are under the leadership of the Administration. The main posts include volcano management station, mineral management station, landscape protection station, public security branch and forestry management station.

On November 8, 1982, the State Council issued Guofa [1982] No. 136 document to approve Wudalianchi as one of the 44 national key scenic spots in the country.

In December 1991, it was selected by the National Tourism Administration. The Wudalianchi Scenic Area Nature Reserve was rated as “Top 40 Chinese Tourist Destinations”.

On April 21, 1996, the Heilongjiang Provincial Institutional Preparation Committee issued a notice on the “Management Function Configuration, Internal Institutions and Staffing Plan for the Wudalianchi Scenic Spot in Heilongjiang Province”, and decided to establish the “Hualongjiang Provincial Scenic Spots Authority in Heilongjiang Province” in the original Wudalianchi City. (Department level) is managed by the new Wudalianchi City.

In 2000, the summary of the meeting of the Heilongjiang Provincial Government Office, the No. 89 document of the Heizheng Office, “2000”, was abolished by the Wudalianchi Scenic Spot Nature Reserve Administration of Heilongjiang Province, and was set up from Wudalianchi City to establish the Wudalianchi scenery in Heilongjiang Province. The Scenic Area Nature Reserve Management Committee is affiliated to Heihe City and has 105 people. It has 9 ministries and bureaus and one Wudalianchi Town.

In 2001, the Wudalianchi Scenic Area Nature Reserve was approved by the Ministry of Land and Resources as one of the first national geological parks.

On July 17, 2003, the Wudalianchi Scenic Area Nature Reserve was approved by UNESCO as the World Man and Biosphere Reserve.

On February 3, 2004, the Wudalianchi Scenic Area Nature Reserve was approved by UNESCO as one of the first global geological parks in the world.

On January 1, 2007, in order to strengthen the protection of the Wudalianchi World Geopark, rationally utilize natural resources and ensure the sustainable development of the Wudalianchi World Geopark, the 23rd meeting of the Heilongjiang Provincial People’s Congress Standing Committee was promulgated in accordance with relevant national laws and regulations. The “Regulations on the Protection of the Wudalianchi World Geopark in Heilongjiang Province” was implemented.

The Wudalianchi Scenic Area

Attractions landscape

Bark Lake landscape

Wudalianchi is the core attraction of the scenic spot. It consists of a lake group consisting of Lotus Lake (1st Pool), Yanshan Lake (2nd Pool), Bailong Lake (Sanchi), Heming Lake (Four Pool) and Ruyi Lake (Wuchi).

Lianhua Lake is the first lake in Wudalianchi, also known as the head pool. It is the only natural lake in Wudalianchi with water lilies. It has the smallest area in the Wuhu Lake, with an area of 0.117-0.187 square kilometers, a water depth of 1.3 or 2-4 meters, and a lava bottom. The average water depth is 2 to 4 meters. Its scenery is unique: one is the water lily in the lake in summer; the other is the overflowing mouth of the winter, and it is also a wonder in the northern country in the alpine region. Here the water turns around and the volcanic lava reef blends with the water. It is exactly: “The middle of the singer’s exquisite painting, Longyan Xiushui two-phase investment, Wuhu overflowing the waves, the water lily fragrant dreams are faint.”

Yanshan Lake (Second Pool), with an area of 2.544-7.500 square kilometers, a water depth of 4.2 or 7-10 meters, and a lava bottom. The second pool is a well-known natural farm. It is called “Yanshan Lake” because it is tightly surrounded by the ancient island of Yanshan. It has three characteristics: one is the most ideal water surface in the five pools to see the morning glow; the other is that the summer and autumn are foggy like hot springs, the water temperature is up to 30 degrees Celsius; the third is the most concentrated water of the big fat head fish.

Bailong Lake (Sanchi) has an area of 21.5 square kilometers during the wet season and more than 36 meters at the deepest point. The bottom of the pool is half of the lava and sand bottom. The open water reflects 14 volcanoes and the scenery is very beautiful. There are many legends in Sanchizi, and the landscape is also the most. In summer, “the reflection of the mountains” and the “three pools of ice” in winter. On both sides of the lake, one side is a spectacular new volcanic lava terrace, and one side is the green idyllic scenery of the ancient volcano. Bailong Lake is an important “geological lake”. The west bank of the lake is a new volcanic lava landform. The east bank is an ancient sediment rock landform. The two sides cross the billion-year-old time tunnel and the scenery is different. It can be described as “one lake and two scenes”. Bailong Lake is a folk “legendary lake”: there are fans of lake monsters, fans of dark rivers, fans of ice breaks, fans of sands at the bottom of the lake, legends of black dragons and white dragons, stories of Yucheng, and myths of Lianchi fairy.

Heming Lake (Four Pools) Heming Lake is located in the middle of Qiangtang, backed by the world’s wonder jet cones, facing the lakes of ancient stone ponds, with a water depth of 3-5 meters. Its water surface is famous for its squatting cranes and quiet environment. There are two aquatic plants with a width of 50 meters. The plants of the cattails, reeds and water chestnuts are very dense. The bottom of the water is volcanic sand. The pool is rich in fish and is rich in trout. Interested visitors can fish on the boat. The waters of the four pools are crowded with grasses. Wild waterfowls, white cranes and red-crowned cranes often amphibiously fly and nest to lay eggs. It is a rare summer camping area. When the tourists sit quietly on the opposite side of the ancient stone pond on the lake, smell the thick grass, listen to the sound of the cranes far and near, will definitely fall in love with this volcanic paradise, the beautiful Hejia Township.

Ruyi Lake (Wuchi) has a water area of 15 square kilometers, a water depth of 4-6 meters, and an area of five pools. It stands on the Black Dragon Mountain and looks like a “Jade Ruyi”. It is the source of the entire water system of Wudalianchi. However, there is no river inflow and no Mingxi giant spring, which is also its wonderful place. Another strange thing is that suddenly there is no wind and waves, and the sound of the waves sizzles. The waves that make you make it impossible to drive. This pool is rich in “three flowers and five Luo”, the lakeside and the bottom are volcanic sand, the lakeshore Long Beach is the most ideal natural bath. The poet praised: “Xianyan locks the town’s white dragon head, and wants to stop and stop. Let you have no wind and three feet, regardless of the drought and the harvest.”

The Wudalianchi Scenic Area

Volcanic landscape

Longmen Shizhai

Longmen Shizhai is located in the Wudalianchi Scenic Area. The shield volcano erupted in the first phase of the Longmen Mountain erupted 28-34 million years ago, and the magma rolling down the slope. After the upper part solidified, the lower part of the rock flow propelled into a block, and after several times the Longmenshan eruption movement and large The seismograph shook and moved, and many stones and stone pillars spewed. The size of Shizhai is a kilometer away, with a total area of nearly 50km2.

The Wudalianchi Scenic Area

Gra Ball Hill Tianchi

The Gula Ball Mountain Tianchi is located in the crater of the Nangra Ball in the Xi Lie volcanic group. Geqi Mountain broke out 2.03 million years ago, and the north and south mountains are only 150 meters apart. The altitude of Nangraqiu Mountain is 596.9 meters. It is a truncated cone-shaped mountain shape in 14 volcanoes. The volcanic body is intact and has no gaps. The top crater is round and potted. It has been filled for more than 2 million years. Lake water.

The Wudalianchi Scenic Area

Fire mountain

The fire-burning mountain and the Black Dragon Mountain erupted at the same time, and the entire volcanic cone was composed of black, brown, purple pumice and basalt. The altitude is 392.6 meters and the relative height is 73 meters. The base is 800 meters in diameter and the crater has an inner diameter of 450 meters and a depth of 63 meters. The southern slope of the volcanic cone is steep and the northern slope is gentle. The crater is rugged, and there is a gap in the northwest that is the passage for the lava to overflow. The volcanic cone is relatively flat around, and large areas of volcanic lava are exposed to the surface.

The Wudalianchi Scenic Area

Black dragon mountain

Black Dragon Mountain is a young volcano that formed after two eruptions in 1719 and 1720. The total area of the landscape belt is 50 square kilometers. The geological formation of Laoheishan and Huoshan is more than 280 years ago. The main attractions are Black Dragon Mountain (Old Montenegro), Hawthorn Pass, Shihai, Fairy Palace, Huoshan, and Jet Cone. There are also Bonsai Garden, Shilong Moss Garden, Colorful Beach, Fire Sea Relic, Qisong Garden, Volcanic Bomb, Hukou Forest, Range Rover, Tenglong Valley, Volcanic Scorpio, Magma Spill, Shuilian Cave, Vice Volcano, Holly Garden, Birch Lin Jingjing, Lava Rock Dragon, Shihai Shengling, Stone Garden, Bagua Lake, Huoshan Mountain Grand Canyon, Mysterious Pool, Knife Gorge, Fire Castle, Stone Coffin, Stone Bear, Hualin Boil Spring, etc.

The Wudalianchi Scenic Area

Geographical environment

Location horizon

Wudalianchi Scenic Area is located in the northwest of Heilongjiang Province, in the southwest of Heihe City. It is located in the transitional zone between Xiaoxing’anling Mountain and Songnen Plain, 380 kilometers from Harbin and 230 kilometers from Heihe River. The geographical coordinates are 48°30′~48°51′ north latitude and 126°00′~126°25′ east longitude. The total area is 1060km2.

The Wudalianchi Scenic Area

Geological Features

The rock composition of Heilongjiang and Huoshan in Wudalianchi is very special. It is a potassium-rich basic-intermediate volcanic lava. Because its color ratio (40~55%) is higher than that of coarse porphyry and ring rock (35~20%), and it does not contain basic plagioclase which basalt should have, it is neither a rough rock nor a rock. Classes are also not alkaline basalt. Therefore, the Japanese geologist Kokura 勉 named it “Shilongyan” according to the shape of the lava of Heilongjiang Mountain and Huoshan Mountain—like the “dragon shape”.

In addition, the magma that forms the potassic volcanic rocks is generally from the mantle. The upwelling and eruption of this magma is associated with a certain geological tectonic environment. The Wudalianchi volcanic area is located at the axis of the East Asian continental rift system, and its formation is likely to be Produced by the uplift of the mantle plume under the action of the rift.

The 14 volcanoes in the Wudalianchi area are distributed at the intersection of the NE-trending and NW-trending lines, forming a checkerboard grid layout. According to geologists, 14 volcanic cones are regularly arranged and controlled by faults deep in the earth’s crust. The faults in the northeast and northwest directions of the Wudalianchi area are very developed and dominated by the northeast direction. The magma inside the earth erupts along the intersection of the two groups of fault zones in the northeast and northwest directions, forming a well-arranged volcanic cone.

The Wudalianchi Scenic Area

Volcanic landform

The volcanic group in the Wudalianchi area is 400 to 600 meters above sea level. It is famous for its special structure of volcanic cones, various volcanic lava flow patterns, lava tunnels filled with frost, and cold carbonated mineral springs.

The Wudalianchi volcanic group is located at the northern end of the Songnen Fault Depression Basin, and its northeast is the Xiaoxing’anling fault uplifting area. The Wudalianchi volcanic group is still located in the northwest to the Wudalianchi-Kolo volcanic belt. The strata distributed in the area are mainly Carboniferous phyllite, schist, Cretaceous and Tertiary sandstones, Quaternary volcanic rocks, and Hualixi and Yanshanian granites.

The Wudalianchi volcano has 14 separate volcanic cones and a series of shielded volcanoes. The volcanic cone and the shield volcano formed in the Quaternary, and the most recent volcanic eruption occurred in the Old Black Mountain and the Huoshan Mountain from 1719 to 1721 AD. The eruption lava blocked the Shilong River in the area in four places, forming five volcanic dammed lakes, which eventually formed the “Five Dalian Pool”.

The activities of the old Montenegro and Huoshan volcanoes include lava, volcanic bombs, volcanic slag, sintered agglomerates, agglomerates and volcanic breccia. The rock is characterized by potassium-rich and partially leucite. From the perspective of petrochemistry, it is distinguished from the ring rock and the coarse-faced rock by the higher color ratio and the content of total iron, MgO and CaO. It is also distinguished from the alkaline basalt by the plagioclase. It is generally named after the “Shilongyan”.

The Wudalianchi Scenic Area

Climate condition

The Wudalianchi Scenic Area is located in the northern part of China. The local climate is short in winter and long in summer, and cold and humid. However, due to volcanic activity, the Wudalianchi area shows different climatic characteristics from the nearby.

The Wudalianchi Scenic Area

Hydrological characteristics

In addition to the surface water mainly composed of five volcanic dammed lakes, the park also contains abundant groundwater and mineral water, forming a complete and unique hydrogeological system. The bicarbonate, carbonated mineral water, which is comparable to the Vichy water in the Central Highlands of France, has the highest degree of research, and in the process of its formation and evolution, it embodies complex mineral hydrogeology and hydrology. Principles of geochemistry.

The Wudalianchi Scenic Area

Natural resources

Water resources

Wudalianchi mineral water is one of the world’s three major cold springs. It has iron-silica, magnesium-calcium-type bicarbonate and low-temperature cold mineral water. It has mineral water such as silicic acid and strontium.

In 2013, Wudalianchi mineral water mainly consisted of 9 mineral springs such as Yaoquan Mountain, Jiaodebu, Tailshan and Huozhaoshan. There are more than 300 natural outcrops springs such as Nanquan, Beiquan, Fuhuaquan and Erlongquan. According to the exploration of the geological department in the 1970s, it was initially found that there are 7 mineral waters in Wudalianchi. The mining capacity of the South and North Springs is less than 85 cubic meters. There are 8 water sources for siliceous drinking natural mineral water. The daily mining volume is less than 5,681 cubic meters, and the annual mining volume is limited to 2,073,565 cubic meters. The newly discovered Dongjiaobu-Xiangyang mining area can mine 100,000 tons of bicarbonate mineral water per year, with a maximum mining capacity of 500,000 tons per year.

The Wudalianchi Scenic Area

Plant resources

In 2013, there were 1,044 428 genera and 144 genera in the Wudalianchi area, including 47 rare and endangered plants, such as the national first-grade protected plant, Dianthus chinensis, and blunt-leaved pine. The secondary protected plants such as Korean pine and red spruce , cockroaches, peony, hawthorn, ash, wild soybeans, walnut glutinous rice, yellow porridge and so on.

In 2013, the main vegetation types in the volcanic area of the Wudalianchi New Period Scenic Area were: lichen moss community, lichen fern community, lichen grass community, lichens shrub, lichen sparse forest, moss larch forest, etc.; the old volcanic area formed a miscellaneous Meadow-like grassland, shrub-like meadow, forest meadow, deciduous broad-leaved forest, coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forest; submerged plant community, floating plant community, emergent plant community, Phyllostachys pubescens, Xiaoyezhang miscellaneous meadow.

The Wudalianchi Scenic Area

Animal resources

In 2013, there were 115 species of 55 species of wild animals in Wudalianchi area. Among them, birds and mammals had first-class protected animals such as crickets, mergans, and red-crowned cranes. There were 14 species of secondary protected animals such as grouse, gray crane, otter, black bear and white. Top crane, small eared owl, Wusuli 鹫, elk and so on.

The Wudalianchi Scenic Area

Wudalianchi mineral fish

Wild, organic and pollution-free, produced in the World Geopark and the World Biosphere Reserve Wudalianchi. There are 36 species of mineral spring fish that grow naturally in the water. The main varieties are squid, squid, squid, squid, grass root, scorpion, three flowers, five scorpions, scorpions, etc. The meat is tender and tender, and is rich in calcium, iron, zinc and selenium. Potassium, sodium, magnesium and cadmium and other minerals and trace elements beneficial to the human body, its content and taste are significantly better than other common freshwater fish.

The Wudalianchi Scenic Area

Story legend

Myths and legends

In the northwest corner of the Sanchizi Lake in Wudalianchi, there is a volcano called Huoshan. According to historical records, it broke out in the lunar calendar of the Qing Dynasty (1720 AD). The scenes that broke out at that time were quite spectacular: the landslides were cracked, the thunder was set off; the smoke was thick and the smoke was not rolling out; the sky was flying, like a shower of rain; the heat wave was pressing, and the birds and beasts disappeared. After that, there was a magical legend that was handed down. It is said that the moment when the fire-burning mountain broke out, it was like a cannon, rushing to the clouds. From the bottom of the burning sea of fire to the junction of the thick smoke, soaring a monster like a fireball, like lightning, disappeared. Many years have passed, and the lava flowing out of the fire-burning mountain has turned into a large piece of stone dragon and stone sea after cooling. On the ground, grass and woods grow. Many years have passed, and people are gradually getting on the ground where weeds and woods grow.

The Wudalianchi Scenic Area

Folk legend

More than 200 years ago, Wudalianchi was a vast ocean called Beihai. The sea has a wide variety of animals and plants, and it grows vigorously; it dominates the world’s fish in the sea, and the carp is the king of the sea. The head is a squid, very good, and good. In order to consolidate his dominant position, it is good at uniting all kinds of animals and plants, and sent a confidant squid to do this work. Following the Confucius in the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, he came to travel around the entire North Sea to announce the benefits of forming an alliance to build a home. The reason, but the squid has been ruthlessly hit, almost lost his life.

The Wudalianchi Scenic Area

Travel Information

Traffic routes


From Harbin, Heihe and Qiqihar, the train goes directly to Wudalianchi Station (formerly Zhanhe Station). The station is 30 kilometers away from Wudalianchi Scenic Area and can be reached by taxi or car.


You can take the direct flight to Harbin and transfer to the train and car. You can take the direct flight to Heihe to transfer to the train and the car. You can take the direct Qiqihar flight to the train and the car.


Highway passenger transport from Harbin, Heihe, Qiqihar and Daqing has a daily shuttle bus to the scenic spot.
There is a shuttle bus inside the scenic spot, which can be rented or chartered. The fare varies from 120 to 200.

Ticket information


Tickets for the Wulong Mountain Scenic Area, Heilongjiang Mountain Scenic Area, Beiyuequan Scenic Area, Wenbo Scenic Area, and Longmen Shizhai Scenic Area are 50% off, 20 yuan/sheet, 10 yuan/sheet, 10 yuan/sheet, 10 yuan/sheet.


Senior citizens over 70 years of age, military disability, children under 130cm, and journalists issued by the State Press Administration continue to enjoy the free ticket policy.

Opening hours

High season: (June 01~October 31), 06:00~18:30.
Low season: (November 01 ~ 05 March), 08:00 ~ 17:00.

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