The Laojun Mountain

The Laojun Mountain

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Geographic location:Luanchuan County, Luoyang City, Henan Province

Level:AAAAA

Famous scenery:Jinding Taoist Group, Chasing Valley, Zhaigou

Suitable for the play season:May-June and October-November

The Laojun Mountain, formerly known as Jingwu Mountain, is located three kilometers southeast of the county town of Luanchuan County, the ancient capital of Luoyang in the thirteenth dynasty. The main peak of the 800-mile Fu Niu Mountain Range is 2,297 meters above sea level. It is a national AAAAA-level tourist scenic spot, a global geological park, a national geological park, a national nature reserve, a provincial-level key cultural relics protection unit, a provincial-level scenic spot, a northern Chinese Taoist believer worshipping the holy land, an outstanding representative of the Central Plains landscape culture, and a Jingluo famous mountain.

Laojun Mountain has more than 2,000 years of Taoist culture history. During the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, Li Er (famous “Laozi”), who was “the history of the preservation of the Tibetan House”, went to this place to practice cultivation. He was honored by Taoism as the Taijun Laojun, and built a temple in the mountains during the Northern Wei Dynasty. In commemoration, during the Tang Emperor’s reign, Emperor Fengfeng built the “Tieding Laojun Temple”, and Tang Taizong gave it the name “Laojun Mountain”. Since then, it has become the mainstream of the Taoist realism. In the 19th year of Ming Wanli, he was awarded the Laojun Mountain Road and was named as “the famous mountain in the world.” The old temple in the existing temple is the largest, with the saying that “there is a golden roof in the south and an iron roof in the north”.

There are 6 Laojun Mountain Scenic Areas, 179 scenic spots, Taiqing Palace, Shifangyuan, Lingguan Temple, Washing Vinegar, Shepherd Circle, Salvation Hall, Passage House, Guanyin Temple, Sanqing Hall, Laojun Temple and other temples 16 At the office. There are more than 3,000 acres of stone forest landscape on the south side of Mazhaoling, which is open to tourists and is called “Northern Stone Forest” by geologists.

The Laojun Mountain

Development History

Laojun Mountain, formerly known as Jingwu Mountain, is the main peak of the 800-year-old Niushan Mountain, with an elevation of about 2,200 meters.
During the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, due to the “history of keeping the Tibetan room”, Li Er went to this place to practice cultivation. He was honored by Taoism as the Taijun Laojun. Tang Taizong gave the name “Laojun Mountain” and followed the present.
In the Northern Wei Dynasty, in order to commemorate, the Laojun Temple was built on the mountain.
During the Tang Emperor Taizong period, the minister, Yu Chih-Jing, supervised the Laojun Temple, built the Laojun Temple in the foothills, and built the iron-clad iron tile. It was known as the “iron roof”, and the temples such as the Lingguan Hall, the Vinegar Temple, and the Moral Palace were simple and dignified. flaming.
During the Wanli Period of the Ming Dynasty, the Lushi County magistrate was higher than the “Dengjing Room Mountain Fu”, and the preface also wrote: “Yu to Lu’s, there are mountains, the world, the commonplace is Laozi’s residence, that is, Laojun Name it.”
The poet Wang Xinjian has the poem “Laojun Mountain”, saying that “Yunling is ten thousand heavy, and the autumn is here. It is clear in the autumn. The face is green, and the spring is turned. The golden top is purple, the stone is easy to be fairy. The deep is silent, 蛱 The butterfly is not well known.”
In 1997, the State Council approved the establishment of a national nature reserve, which is the Funiu Mountain World Geopark and the National Geopark.

The Laojun Mountain

Geographical environment

Laojun Mountain, located about 150 kilometers southwest of Luoyang City, is the main peak of the Funiu Mountain Range. It is said that it is the retreat of the Taoist ancestor Li Er (famous “Laozi”). The Northern Wei Dynasty built a temple memorial in the mountains. (AD 627-649) was imprisoned by Emperor Feng and built the “Tieding Laojun Temple”. In the 19th year of Ming Wanli (AD 1591), he was awarded the Laojun Mountain Road and was named “the famous mountain in the world”. From the Jinyuan Bus Station in Luoyang (that is, the long-distance bus station), take the shuttle bus to Luanchuan County, get off at the “Laojunshan Intersection”, and then transfer to the local motorcycle, you can reach the ticket office of the scenic spot.

Laojun Mountain is one of the core scenic spots of Funiu Mountain National Geological Park. It records the evolution of geological structures such as orogenic mountains. The mountain has a unique “slippery peak” landform and spectacular stone forest scenic spots. It is very shocking. soul. The mountains are lush and picturesque, and you can see the springs overflowing from the cracks of the mountains and rocks. There are more than a dozen waterfalls hidden in the lush mountain forest. The clear rapids fall from the top of the tens of meters high cliffs. After the rain, Laojun Mountain, the clouds are surrounded by various peaks. If you go to the top of the mountain, you will have the opportunity to see the beautiful clouds and sunrise. Laojun Mountain Scenic Area is a large area, mainly divided into the main scenic area of Laojun Mountain in the center, the Dream Valley Scenic Spot in the west and the Zhaigou Scenic Spot in the east.

The Laojun Mountain

Climate characteristics

Laojunshan is a temperate monsoon climate with an average annual temperature of 12.4 °C, annual sunshine of 2,103 hours, frost-free period of 198 days, and annual average precipitation of 872.6 mm. The annual precipitation is up to 1386.6 mm and the minimum is 403.3 mm.

The Laojun Mountain

Topography

Laoyang Mountain in Luoyang is located three kilometers southeast of Luanchuan County, Luoyang City in the west of Henan Province. Laojun Mountain has a good preserved original shape. It records the cracking, dispersion, proliferation, polymerization, collision, orogeny of the southern margin of the ancient block of North China in 1.9 billion years. Evolution process.

Laojun Mountain is dominated by the topography of the Jiahe Valley in the middle and low mountains. It belongs to the Yuxi Division of the North China Stratigraphic Zone, spanning the Xiong’er Mountain Community and the Funiu Mountain Community. The exposed strata are: Taihua Group Taihua Group, Lower Yuan Dynasty Ancient Jieping Group , the Great Wall of the Great Wall, the Xiong’er Group, the Guandaokou Group and the Luanchuan Group, the Qinghaikou Taowan Group, the Upper Paleozoic Ordovician Erlangping Group, the Neogene Paleogene and the Quaternary, lithology The lithofacies vary greatly; there are regional deep and large faults with complex geological structures.

The Laojun Mountain

Naturally dominant

Laojunshan Conservation Area currently has 102 national-level protected plants and animals, and 830 kinds of Chinese herbal medicines are used for research and development of traditional Chinese medicine. Therefore, Laojun Mountain is also known as the National Herbal Medicine Gene Bank.

The Laojun Mountain

Humanity history

Laojunshan is named after Taishang Laojun Li Er’s retreat here, and has a long history of Taoist culture for more than 2,000 years.

After Laozi wrote “The Tao Te Ching”, he bid farewell to the letter of Yin Guguan, Yin Xi, riding a green cow, and “Historical Records” recorded: “I don’t know what it is.” According to the written records, Laozi is hidden in the Jingwu Mountain in Luoyang, that is, Laojun Mountain. Therefore, Laozi culture and Taoist culture deeply influence the Laojun Mountain area, and Laojun Mountain has also become an outstanding representative of the Central Plains landscape culture. The temples of Laojun Temple, Lingguan Hall, Nianxiu Hall, and Moral Palace are simple and dignified, and incense is flaming. It has always been a holy place for Taoist believers in the northern provinces of China.

The Laojun Mountain

Main Attractions

There are 6 Laojun Mountain Scenic Areas, 179 scenic spots, Taiqing Palace, Shifangyuan, Lingguan Hall, Washing Vinegar, Shepherd Circle, Salvation Hall, Passage House, Guanyin Temple, Sanqing Hall, Laojun Temple and other temples 16 At the office.

The Northern Wei Dynasty to the contemporary destruction and repair, the existing temple in the peak Laojun Temple is the largest. The Laojunshan Taoist Cultural District has a long history along the temple. The Laojun Temple on the top of the mountain has the saying that “there is a golden roof in the south and the old iron roof in the north”. There are more than 3,000 acres of stone forest landscape on the south side of Mazhaoling, which is open to tourists. Geologists call it “Northern Stone Forest.”

The Laojun Mountain

Laozi Culture Court

Laozi Culture Garden is a holy place for inheriting and promoting Laozi’s thoughts. It adopts the architectural style of the Han Dynasty. The theme is “the avenue goes to the world and harmoniously rejuvenates China”.

In 2014, the bronze statue of Laozi in the park was recorded by the Great World Guinness as “the most high-ranking bronze statue of the great world.”

The Laojun Mountain

Golden Summit View Group

Laojunshan Jinding Taoist buildings rely on the top of the building, including Laojun Temple, Moral Palace, Wumu Jindian, Liangbaotai, Yuhuangding, Bell and Drum Tower, Nantianmen, Chaoyangdong, Avenue Courtyard, Shinto Bridge, Cloister, etc. All of them are in the form of imperial palace-style architecture in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, especially the Golden Temple, Liangbaotai and Jade Emperor’s top three golden domes, which have become the highlights of Laojunshan Taoist Temple.

The Laojun Mountain

Taiqingguan

The Taiqing Temple on the top of the mountain was built in the Northern Wei Dynasty and rebuilt in the past. In the Tang Dynasty, Yu Chih-Jing was overhauled and supervised. The Ming Dynasty was the most prosperous. The iron shovel, iron tile and golden glory have been used in Henan, Shaanxi, Yunnan and Hubei for thousands of years. The Central Plains Taoist Holy Land worshipped by the pilgrims. The pilgrims on the southeast coast also came here. Only the Kaohsiung Kowloon Eight Winds into the fragrant group in Taiwan has as many as 100 people.

The Laojun Mountain

Long Yu listening spring

Longjing Pavilion is a viewing pavilion, which is located on the old dragon nest plank road. Because Longjing Pavilion is uniquely located, it is a great pleasure for visitors to listen to the waterfalls here. The stream was left from Pearl Beach, and it was transferred to the Dragon Pool by the mountain rock. After a series of rushing collisions, a waterfall of more than a dozen sizes was left, and the sound of the waterfall could be echoed in the valley. Reverberate between the walls.

The Laojun Mountain

Zhongding Yunyong

Yunhai is a great spectacle of Laojun Mountain, and Zhongding Yunhai is the head of Laojun Mountain. When the sea of clouds appears, look at it, the clouds cover thousands of miles, and the fog locks Wanfeng. It is like standing in the vast ocean of blue waters, and Cuifeng seems to be moving. When the sea of clouds on the upper and lower yin appeared, it showed the landscape of “the sea to the end of the sky, the mountain to the top of the peak”.

The Laojun Mountain

Fenglin drunk autumn

After the old dragon’s nest, it is a pine forest, and the tourist trails pass through the forest, giving people a feeling of passing through. Under the forest is Pearl Beach. The round, pebbles of pebbles are like pearls scattered against the water. The clear stream sings among the pearls. Together with the light smoke-like pine rhyme, it washes away the troubles from the hearts of tourists in the city, and sings the colorful dreams of life for tourists.

The Laojun Mountain

Shelter cliff

She is the first beautiful natural scenery in the mountaintop tour. Looking up and looking at the ancient pine cloud, the cliff is pleasing, it is truly magnificent. This is the old scenery of Laojun Mountain. Whenever sunset, here, “the afterglow returns to the thousand mountains, full of people in the paintings”, the magnificent sunset reflects the strange peaks and strange rocks, strange light The scenery is colorful and amazing.

The Laojun Mountain

Fenglin Yanyan

In the range of nearly a thousand acres, there are more than 3,000 stone peaks and different shapes. Among these strange peaks, the most famous is the old King Wu Daofeng, which still grows a hundred years of pine in the cracks of the natural stone wall.

The Laojun Mountain

Ten miles painting screen

Luoyang Laojun Mountain peak forest landscape, such as knife and axe, dog-toothed, green, red, majestic, colorful. Because the Laojunshan granite is different from other granites. The rock body of Laojun Mountain is composed of “plain-like biotite bilongite granite”. It is a relatively young rock mass formed during the uplifting orogeny of the Qinling orogenic belt between 1.4 and 0.8 billion years ago. It was named as “Laojunshan Rock Mass” by domestic geologists, and step by step between the peak forests. The scenery changes, the scenery is picturesque, so it is called “the ten-inch painting screen.”

The Laojun Mountain

Bauhinia sea

Every year from March to April, the red buds in the Dream Valley in Laojun Mountain are open to the public, and they are beautiful and glamorous. They are the early “primulas”. When the leaves on the branches have not yet grown, the flowers on the branches are already in full bloom, also known as “ Full of red.”

Laojunshan Bauhinia is the northern giant bauhinia, also known as Wusang, brother tree, friendship tree. The flower is purple and red, shaped like a butterfly. It is gorgeous and lovely. It is a unique plant distributed on the shady slope of 800-2000 meters above sea level in Laojun Mountain. Laojunshan Bauhinia has six characteristics: early flowering, long flowering period, bright color, dense flowers, large tree shape and excellent flower quality. The main varieties are clusters of bauhinia (shrub), scutellaria, and raceme bauhinia (arbor); they have strong adaptability, good light, cold and drought tolerance, and water stain resistance. The roots and skins of Bauhinia can be used as medicines, which have the effect of promoting blood circulation, reducing swelling and relieving pain, and solving various poisons.

The Laojun Mountain

Glen frog

Laozi Li Er was deeply enlightened here, stepping into the sky and stepping on the top of the cow. Under the enlightenment bridge, the rivers and valleys seem to have life. The old man went to this place and sat down to rest. He just met his eyes and met with the gods. The sound of the frogs rang, and the people were upset. , the point is turned into stone.

The Laojun Mountain

Attractions honor

On the afternoon of January 9, 2010, the National Tourism Administration officially awarded the title of the national AAAAA-level tourist scenic spot in Laojunshan-Jiguandong Tourist Area in Luochuan. In 1997, the State Council approved the establishment of a national nature reserve, which is the Funiu Mountain World Geopark, the National Geological Park, the provincial-level cultural relics protection unit, and the provincial-level scenic spots.

The Laojun Mountain

Travel Information

Aviation line

From Chengdu, Guangzhou, Chongqing, Dalian, Haikou, Hohhot, Hangzhou, Kunming, Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Tianjin, Xiamen and other important domestic central cities, fly to Luoyang Beijiao Airport, and then take the Luoyang Bus Station to Luanchuan. Arrive at Suichuan and take the local bus to the scenic spot.

Train line

Starting from Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Zhengzhou, Xiamen, Xi’an, Taiyuan, Chongqing, Chengdu, Wuhan, Changsha, Shijiazhuang, Yichang, Huaihua, Yinchuan, Guiyang, Wuxi, Nanjing, Suzhou, etc. Luoyang Bus Station takes the bus to Luanchuan and arrives at Suichuan by local bus to the scenic spot.

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