Geographic location:Pingyao County, Jinzhong City, Shanxi Province
Famous scenery:Ming and Qing Street, Pingyao County Museum
Suitable for the play season:Suitable for all seasons
Pingyao Ancient City is located in the central part of Shanxi Province. It was built in the Zhou Xuanwang period. It was expanded in the 3rd year of Ming Hongwu (1370) and has a history of more than 2,700 years. It also preserves the basic features of the county town during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. It is the most complete ancient city in the Han nationality region of China.
Pingyao, Shanxi is known as one of the “four best preserved ancient cities” and one of the only two ancient cities in China that have successfully declared the world’s cultural heritage throughout the ancient city. The ancient city of Pingyao was listed in the World Cultural Heritage List in 1997. In 2009, Pingyao Ancient City was rated as the most complete ancient county in China by the World Record Association. On July 13, 2015, Pingyao Ancient City became a national 5A tourist attraction. On November 19, 2017, won the annual Tourism Destination Reputation Award. The first batch of national middle school and primary school students practice and education base.
The World Heritage Center described the ancient city of Pingyao as an outstanding example of ancient Chinese cities in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. The ancient city of Pingyao preserved all its characteristics. Moreover, in the development of Chinese history, a complete picture of extraordinary cultural, social, economic and religious developments was presented.
The ancient city of Pingyao was built in the period of Zhou Xuanwang from 827 BC to 782 BC, and was built by the Western Zhou Dynasty general Yin Jizhen.
In the Spring and Autumn Period, it belonged to Jin State, and the Warring States belonged to Zhao State. Qin set Pingtao County, Hanzhong Zhongdu County, is the capital of the clan. The Northern Wei Dynasty was renamed Pingyao County.
In the early years of the Ming Dynasty, the city walls were built to defend against foreign disturbances.
Hongwu three years (AD 1370) rebuilt and expanded on the basis of the old wall slabs, and fully covered. In the future, Jingtai, Zhengde, Jiajing, Longqing and Wanli have carried out ten repairs and repairs, updated the towers and added enemy stations.
In the forty-three years of Emperor Kangxi (AD 1703), the emperor’s west patrol was built by Pingyao, and four large towers were built to make the city more spectacular. The total perimeter of Pingyao City Wall is 6,163 meters, and the wall height is about 12 meters. The Pingyao County, with an area of about 2.25 square kilometers, is divided into two worlds with different styles.
On December 3, 1997, UNESCO’s 21st World Heritage Committee meeting in Naples, Italy, decided to include Pingyao Ancient City as a whole on the World Heritage List. It is a study of China’s political, economic, cultural, artistic and religious development. Physical specimen.
Pingyao County, Jinzhong City (112.19° east longitude, 37.21° north latitude) is located in the central part of Shanxi Province in the north of China, in the middle reaches of the Yellow River and southwest of the Taiyuan Basin in the eastern part of the Loess Plateau. The county is 616 kilometers northeast of the capital city, 90 kilometers north of the provincial capital Taiyuan, 543 kilometers west of the ancient capital Xi’an, 758 kilometers east of Tianjin port, 2390 kilometers south of the coast of Guangzhou. Pingyao County has a total area of 1,260 square kilometers.
Pingyao Ancient City is a temperate monsoon climate with four distinct seasons and plenty of light. It is hot and rainy in summer and cold and dry in winter. The hottest in July of the year, the coldest in January, the annual difference in precipitation is uneven, and the distribution is uneven during the year, mainly concentrated in the four months of June, July, August and September.
Pingyao County is located in the center of Pingyao Ancient City. It was built in the Northern Wei Dynasty and was built in the Yuan and Ming Dynasties. The earliest preserved building was built in the Yuan Dynasty to the sixth year (1346). It has a history of more than 600 years. The department is located in the north facing south and has an axisymmetric layout. The north-south axis is more than 200 meters long, and the east and west axes are more than 100 meters wide and cover an area of 26,000 square meters. As one of the four ancient preserves in China, Pingyao County is also the largest county in the country. The entire building complex of the county is orderly, patchy, and reasonable in structure. It is an organic whole. On May 19, 2004, the 11th Panchen Lama came to the county to investigate the words: “Pingyao County most”.
Rishengchang Ticket No. was established in Qingdaoguang three years (1823) and was co-founded by Li Dajin, a wealthy businessman from Xi Da Pu Village, Pingyao County, Shanxi Province. The total number is located in the south of West Street Road in the prosperous market in Pingyao County, Shanxi Province. It covers an area of more than 1,600 square meters. It has compact land and distinct functions. It is the first of its kind in China’s national banking industry. It once manipulated the economic lifeline of the Qing Dynasty in the 19th century. . Its sub-logo covers more than 30 cities across the country, far from Europe, America, Southeast Asia and other countries, known as “Huitong World”.
The Temple of Confucius, the Confucius Temple, is a place to worship Confucius. Pingyao Confucian Temple is located in the southeast corner of Pingyao County. It was built in the early years of Tangzhao Temple. Its Dacheng Hall was rebuilt for three years (1163). It remains the oldest temple in China’s existing cultural temples. Pingyao Confucian Temple sits north to south, with a large scale and complete regulation. It officially opened to tourists in 2004 and became one of the main cultural relics of Pingyao Ancient City.
The Qing Dynasty view is the largest Taoist temple in the ancient city. According to the traditional layout of Daodong Foxi, it is located in the north of the east section of East Street. The Qingxu view was built in the second year of Tang Xianqing (657 years), formerly known as Taipingguan, and Song Zhiping’s first year (1064) was changed to Qingxu. In the early Yuan Dynasty, it was renamed Taiping Xingguoguan, and later changed its name to “Taiping Chongsheng Palace”. In the Qing Dynasty, it was renamed Qingxue. The vicissitudes of history, the changing world, and the passage of time have left many Taoist idols here. In 1998, Qingxuguan was opened as a comprehensive museum in Pingyao County.
The Pingyao City Wall was built in the Western Zhou Dynasty Xuanwang Period (827 BC ~ 782 BC). In the third year of Ming Hongwu (1370), it was rebuilt from the original “Nine Miles and Eighteen Steps” to “Twelve Miles and Four Points and Four Percents” (6.4 km), and it became a masonry wall. The Ming and Qing Dynasties have been repaired twenty-five times. The wall is square in shape, with a perimeter of 6162.7 meters, a height of 10 meters, a height of 2 meters, and a top width of 3-5 meters. The wall is solid and solid, and the blue bricks are outsourced. 77 brick wall drainage channels. On the top of the wall, a 2 meter high cornice wall (also known as a horse wall) is used to take the number of Confucius disciples and sages. There are 3,000 mouths and 72 enemy buildings. There are four corners of the Four Corners, and there is a little Taiwan on the east wall. The southeast corner of the city is built on the top of the Kuixing Building and Wenchang Pavilion.
Yucheng refers to a small town built outside the city gate, also called Yuecheng, to enhance the defense ability of the city. The orientation of the Yucheng Gate and the Dacheng Gate of Pingyao Ancient City are mostly at an angle of 90° (except for the South Gate and the Lower East Gate). Even if the enemy breaks through the gates of the Yucheng City, there is a defense of the main gate. It is easy to launch a large-scale military attack, delaying the attack speed of the enemy, and the defenders at the top of the city wall can shoot at the top of the four sides, giving the enemy a fatal blow, which is called closing the dog and catching the dog.
Built on the top of the city gate of the city, ancient times are sometimes called “the tower”. There are six towers in Pingyao City Wall. It was built in the Ming Dynasty. It was rebuilt in the 42nd year of Qing Emperor Kangxi (1703). The height of the tower is 16.14 meters, the width of the five rooms is 13.72 meters, and the depth of the four rooms is 10.04 meters. The shape is simple and elegant, and the structure is dignified and stable. The tower is a beautiful and beautiful high-rise building on the top of the city wall. It is usually overlooked. The warlord will be commanded by the town. It is an important high-altitude defense facility in the city.
The turret built on the four corners of the city wall is mainly used to make up for the defensive weakness of the corner of the city, that is, the corner of the wall, thus enhancing the defense capability of the entire wall. The turrets refer to the “Xia Dui” building in the northwest corner and the “Hao Yue Building” in the northeast corner. “Ruiyu Building” in the southwest corner, “Jingxiu Building” in the southeast corner.
The point is located on the top of the city wall between the upper east gate and the lower east gate. It is now a brick high platform. According to legend, in 827 BC, when Zhou Xuanwang was in the throne, he sent generals Yin Jizhen to lead the troops to the Northern Expedition. After Lien Chan, he was sent to the Pingyao, and built the city walls. In the middle of the Ming Dynasty, in order to commemorate the achievements of Yin Jizhen, Gao Zhen Temple was built in the place where Yin Zeng points to the military parade. When the city wall was repaired in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the “Gaozhen Temple” was integrated into one. It was a wide high platform on the top of the city. It was ascending and overlooking, and the heart was beautiful. The poem said: “The floor is a hundred-foot county town, and the Jizheng name is in front of it. Long-term elimination of the battle, Longqi wants to get out of the car year.”
The “horse surface” is an attachment pier that protrudes outward from the wall, because it is slender and looks like a horse’s face. The “horse surface” design not only enhances the solidity of the wall, but also eliminates the dead corner of the battlefield in the battle of the city. Once the enemy troops are under the city, the keeper on the adjacent horse can be organized into a cross-shooting net to let the offender The enemy was defeated by the enemy. The Pingyao City Wall has a horse face every 60 meters to 100 meters. The horse face is built with a building that looks like an enemy. It is called an “enemy building.”
Pingyao City has six ancient city gates, two things. A bird’s-eye view of the ancient city of Pingyao, the same turtle that wants to move, the head of the tortoise is south to the north, and the four gates of the east and the west are four feet of the turtle. The folks have the saying of “gull city”. Outside the South Gate, the ancient Zhongdu River passed by, which triggered the ancient literati to “play in front of the turtle, the mountains and rivers, the city, and the use of the city.” The tortoise is a symbol of auspiciousness and longevity. The “turtle city” is derived from the ancient people’s worship of the “four spirits”. The “turtle city” means the fixation of the golden soup and long-term stability.
Zhenguo Temple is located in Haodong Village, 12 kilometers northeast of Pingyao County. It was formerly known as Jingcheng Temple, and Mingjiajing was renamed Zhenguo Temple in the 19th year. It was built in the Northern Han Dynasty of the Five Dynasties and is only 1 km away from Hongshan Station of Tongpu Railway. The temple is divided into two parts, from the south to the north, including the Tianwang Hall, the Wanfo Hall, and the Sanfo Building. The Wanfo Hall is the main building of the front yard. It is one of the oldest existing wooden structures in China. Although the scale of the temple is not large, it is majestic and imposing. There are 14 colorful sculptures in the temple. There are statues of Sakyamuni in the middle of the temple. The two disciples of Jiaye and Ananda are left and right. The Buddha is tall and graceful, and has a strong style of middle Tang.
Shuanglin Temple was built in the second year of Wuqi in Beiqi (AD 571). It faces south and faces a temple. The temple group covers an area of about 15,000 square meters. The western part is a temple, and there are three courtyards along the central axis. It consists of ten temples. The front yard is the Sakyamuni, the Luohan Temple, the Wusheng Temple, the Land Hall, the Jurassic Temple and the Heavenly King Hall; the Intermediate Court is the Daxiong Hall and the Hooded Buddha Hall and the Bodhisattva Hall; the backyard is the Niangniang Temple and the Yiyi Temple. In the east, it is a Buddhist temple, a house, and so on. In the ten halls of the temple, there are more than 2,000 statues preserved from the Yuan Dynasty to the Ming Dynasty (AD 13-17). They are known as the “treasure house of colored art”.
The traffic veins of Pingyao Ancient City consist of four streets, eight small streets and seventy-two lanes. South Street is the central axis of Pingyao Ancient City, connecting the east and west streets in the north, and Dananmen (Waimen Gate) in the south. The ancient city building runs through the north and south. On both sides of the street, the old and traditional shops are the most prosperous tradition. In the commercial street, the South Street in the Qing Dynasty controlled more than 50% of the financial institutions in the country. Known as China’s “Wall Street.” West Street, west from the Ximen (Fengyimen), the north end of the East and South Street intersect, and the East Street is a straight through the main street. The famous China’s first ticket, Rishengchang, was born in the West Street of the ancient city and was hailed as “the first street of Daqing Finance”. East Street, east from the lower East Gate (Pro-Hanmen), the north end of the West and South Street intersect, and the West Street is a straight through the main street. North Street, north from the North Gate (Arch Gate), the middle of Nantong West Street.
The ancient city of Pingyao has basically maintained its original pattern since the reconstruction of Ming Hongwu three years (AD 1370). The key residential houses in Pingyao City were built between 1840 and 1911. The layout of the dwelling houses is rigorous, the axis is clear, the left and right are symmetrical, the main and the secondary are distinct, the contours are undulating, the appearance is closed, and the courtyard is deep. Exquisite wood carvings, brick carvings and stone carvings with strong paper-cut windows and flowers, vivid and vivid, reflect the historical and cultural characteristics of the Han nationality around the 14th and 19th centuries, and study the social form, economic structure and military of this period. The human settlements of defense, religious belief, traditional thought and ethics have important reference value, and are the most intact ancient residents’ communities in the Han nationality.
History and culture
It is made of bamboo strips, wooden strips, and colored silks. It is surrounded by satin and covered with wooden strips and satin. During the performance, the drums were accompanied by a drum, one person played the boat by boat, and the boat was carried on the shoulder with a ribbon. The prosthetic foot was sitting in the “ship” and walked like a boat. The other person plays the boatman and holds the paddle in front.
The legs are made of two wooden sticks, generally 6 feet up and down, and the height is 1 foot 2 feet. At the upper end of the wooden stick, the pedals are horizontally mounted. When the performance is performed, the actor’s calf is tied to the upper end of the wooden stick, and the pedal is stepped on the pedal, and the performance is performed according to various dance steps. Those who are highly skilled can jump obstacles such as benches and tables or fall into the yoke, “Golden Chicken Independent” and soft waist. The traditional contents include “White Snake Biography”, “Qingdingzhu”, “Fox”, and “Tang Yu Jing Jing”. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, they joined the content of “Responding to the Army”, “Family Planning”, “The Red Lantern” and “Intelligence of Tiger Mountain”. The county’s Beicheng Village and Gankeng Village are famous for their performances.
Lift the cabinet
The iron rod is fixed on the upper end of the lifting rod, and the lifting rod is decorated with various props such as lotus flower and colorful cloud. Then three or four male and female children playing various drama characters and mythological stories are fixed on the irons, and are carried by the adult man. Performing on the go. There are more than 50 kinds of contents, including “Sun Wukong’s Three Beats”, “Fugui”, “Flame”, “Broken Bridge”, “Hong Ni Guan”, “Resolution”, “Baihua Pavilion”, “Stolen Ganoderma” , “Lower Hedong”, “Choose Firewood”, “Su Huo Sending Women”, “Double Hang Xiao”, “Yellow River Array”, “Xiang Lin Mirror”, “Anti-Defamation”, “Fox Edge”, “Feng Yi Ting”, ” Blood handprints, etc.
The bamboo, wood, cloth and other materials are used to make the refined faucet, and then the bamboo ring is used to make several dragon bodies. The dragon body and the dragon tail which are connected to grow up to 20 meters or more are covered with cloth, and the dragon and dragon claw patterns are painted. During the performance, one person used a wooden pole to lift the faucet. More than a dozen people used wooden poles to lift the dragon body and the dragon tail. One person in front had a colored ball fireball to lead the dragon. Under the accompaniment of the percussion, the faucet is danced, and the dragon body sways up and down with the faucet. The performance forms include “Two Dragons Play Pearls”, “Tune Four Corners”, “Eight Tune”, “Snake Peeling”, “Set Pearl” and other shapes. The dragon’s first dragon has a built-in candle, which can be performed day and night. During the night performance, the dragon body was brightly lit and the momentum was quite spectacular.
It is made of bamboo or bamboo stalks, and the outside is made of crepe and then painted. The bamboo horse is divided into two sections, which are fixed in the chest and back of the 12-year-old boy. There are several small brass bells. The bamboo horse team is generally played by 14 children, 12 horses show the zodiac, the front is called the horse head, and the Buddha is commanded by the drama, and the latter is the horsetail. The rest of the performers hold the whip, like riding a horse, accompanied by the sound of a ringing bell, like a horse galloping. At night, the lamp is placed on the bamboo horse, which is especially good for performance. The performances include “Snake Skin Retreat”, “Turning Body”, “Double Eight Tune”, “Single Eight Tune”, “Scissors”, “Eight Tune”, “For Bamboo Horse”, “No Head”, “Three Rings” Ears and so on.
The surface is similar to the back stick, and the actual performance is more difficult. The performers are mostly boys and girls of about 7 years old. They are dressed up as various drama characters and stand on the shoulders of adult performers without any tie. They rely on the knees of the children’s legs and stand on the back of the adult brain. Similar to acrobatic performances. Adults follow the rhythm of the music, performing on the march, and the children on the shoulders dance on the various movements, which is good-looking. The plays played by “Journey to the West” and “Eight Immortals Crossing the Sea” are mostly popular among the masses.
There are dances and sings in the songs of the earth. The instruments have two sides of the drums, one for each other, one for each other, two sides for the face, and four sides for the mouth. When there are conditions, the number of musical instruments can increase, and the performers increase accordingly. A performer who swayed the drums and drums, with quick ideas, eloquence, and immersiveness in the Pingyao dialect, sang auspicious and funny “four or six sentences” in Pingyao dialect. Between the sentences, all kinds of musical instruments suddenly hit together, and the intimate interlude, pleasing to the ear. The waist drummer is the core of the band, kicking off the playing posture, dancing and walking, walking around the team, very active. Other musicians tapped and performed, and the form was free. The traditional songs that have been widely circulated in the land are “Wujing”, “Shiyan Lantern”, “Wang Xiangxiaomu” and so on.
Myths and legends
Mirror high hanging
During the reign of Emperor Kangxi, Fan Zhongren Song Zhongyuan went to Pingyao City with a big umbrella to see a doctor. He went to the south of the village of Luoyu Village and ran flustered from behind. Song Zhongyuan recognized this person, and he was a neighboring village. At that time, the clouds were densely lit, and the lightning was thundering. It was going to rain. After a while, it really started to rain. Song Zhongyuan held up the big umbrella carrying his back, and invited him to walk in the late, and he quickly came over to borrow the umbrella to shelter from the rain.
The two men were in the same boat, helping each other, and talking to each other and walking to Gaolin Village. Song Zhong was so tired that the wind was so full of sweat. Qilian later took over the umbrella of Song Zhongyuan and went to the Confucius Hotel outside the South Gate. At this time, the wind has stopped and the weather has cleared. Song Zhongyuan was late to Qilian. Qilian was not only not still in Song Zhongyuan, but his umbrella was his, and the two quarreled and surrounded many audiences. Qi Lianchi said: “The umbrella is mine!” Song Zhongyuan said: “The umbrella is mine!” Song and Yu took the umbrella, and the audience couldn’t tell who the umbrella was. They watched them noisy and kept going to Pingyao. County Department. Song Zhongyuan screamed at the drums, and the county magistrate Wang Jie hurriedly rose to the church. The plaintiff Song Zhongyuan stated the passing of the matter. The accused Qilian was still biting his umbrella. The two of them have their own opinions, and the county magistrate Wang Jie is difficult to judge at the moment. After a moment of silence, Wang Jie suddenly slammed the stunned wood and said: “The people! The fart is going to the county to slam the slogan! I want to test the official’s soft and hard ignorance…” Throw down the church and drink to retreat.
The plaintiff, Song Zhongyuan, came down from the church and burst into tears. The defendant Yu Lian was gloating and smug. The two walked out of the county and walked to Zhaobi South Street. The four servants rushed out and summoned the two to return to the county. The two men squatted in the lobby again. The county magistrate Wang Jie and Yan Yue said that the umbrella was the plaintiff Song Zhongyuan. The defendant Qilian was late, and he was responsible for the forty boards, fined the money, and paid the plaintiff a new umbrella. Afterwards, Song Zhongyuan sent a plaque to Wang Zhixian, and engraved the four characters of “the mirror hanging high”.
Sitting in the east tip of the Palace Palace in Pingyao City God Temple, she is said to be a young and beautiful woman. As for the origin of this little sister, there is such a small story in the folk: Pingyao City is full of youthful spirits. It can be said that it is omniscient and omnipotent. Once, Pingyao City God and Jiexiu City Gods are playing together in a piece of chess. Pingyao City God said that if I win you, your Yinhui Lady will have to belong to me. Jiexiu City God is dissatisfied and promises to come down. In the end, the city of Pingyao was victorious, so that the god of Pingyao City brought back the wife of Jieshen City God, creating a poetic environment for her to live.
Fire burning city temple
Every year from May 27th to June 27th of the lunar calendar is the period of the Chenghuang Temple. During the 9th year of the Qing Xianfeng (1859) temple fair, there was a man selling a cake at the market. The old man has been at the market. Shouting: “Sell the fire, sell the fire.” (Pingyao people call the cake a fire), but because his cake is too small, he called no one to buy it. A young man looked at it and sincerely told the old man: “Grandfather, your fire is too small, people love to eat big.” The old man said to him: “Today’s small fire, tomorrow’s fire.” That night, Sure enough, there was a fire in the temple, and all the halls except the backyard palace kiln were burned to ashes. Later, after the young man carefully remembered, it was certain that Vulcan was manifested. From then on, this little story spread.
Sleeping aunt and medicine mother-in-law
There is a small ancestral hall in the northeast of Shuanglin Temple. There are two statues in the middle of the temple. One is a girl who is lying in bed and closed, and is called a “sleeping aunt”. One is a woman who sits next to her skinny woman. Mother-in-law.” They are mortal people in the world, but they will enter the temple ancestral hall to enjoy the service of the world. According to legend, a family of people in Qiaotou Village has a very good family life. The family is for the old couple and the little girl under the knees. The family lived a happy life. However, there are unexpected events in the sky, and people have a good fortune. When the girl was sixteen years old, her parents were seriously ill and passed away. This is unfair to a little girl who has lived in her parents for 16 years. She can’t accept this cruel reality. She goes to her parents’ graves every day and hopes to see her own mother. Crying against his own heart, but people can’t resurrect, and girls can’t get what they want. In other words, from their home to the graveyard just passed the temple in the village. When her parents were at home, they often took her to the temple to burn incense and pray that the Buddha would bless the whole family. Now that the two old men have passed away, the little girl has not forgotten the temple to worship the Bodhisattva. In the second year, the monastic presiding over the monks was ready to renovate some of the temples that were in disrepair. After the girl knew it, she sold all the property in the house and donated it to the monastery. Later, when she was sick in bed, the devoutness of the Buddha touched the gods. An old woman who had never met before came to her side to cook and decoct her every day. She worked tirelessly to serve her. After I was sick, the two men lived together until the little girl died. The old woman also sat with her. In order to commemorate the girls who are good at charity and the old women who do not know the origins, they built a small room in the northeast of the temple, which molded their statues. The folks called “sleeping aunts” and “medicine mothers.”
Development and construction
In 1986, the State Council announced that Pingyao Ancient City was one of the second batch of national historical and cultural cities.
In December 1997, the entire ancient city declared its success in the World Cultural Heritage.
In September 1999, Pingyao County Tourism Bureau set up a separate column from Pingyao County Cultural Relics Tourism Bureau due to the needs of tourism development.
Since 2000, the “My Year in Pingyao” campaign and the Jinshang Society Fire Festival have gradually developed into a large-scale celebration of Pingyao China’s annual Spring Festival. Every year from the 23rd to the 16th of the month, it is held in Pingyao Ancient City.
In 2001, the first Pingyao International Photography Exhibition was held.
On November 19, 2007, Pingyao Ancient City won the honorary title of “China’s Best Leisure Tourism County” and “China’s Top Ten Ancient Cities” awarded by the China Tourism Forum Organizing Committee.
In 2013, China’s first large-scale situational experience performance project “See Pingyao” was launched.
On September 13, 2014, the first batch of ancient residential renovation projects initiated by the Pingyao County Urban and Rural Planning Bureau in Shanxi Province in 2012 has entered the final stage. The government invested 670 million yuan to compensate for the first batch of 48 private traditional residential repairs, which restored the quaint traditional style to the century-old house. In 2014, the Planning Bureau initiated 39 second batch repair projects. After the repair plan was finalized, the maintenance work will be officially carried out.
On July 13, 2015, Pingyao Ancient City was named a national 5A tourist attraction.
In 1986, Pingyao County was the second batch of Chinese historical and cultural cities, and Pingyao Ancient City was one of the four ancient cities in China.
In December 1997, China was one of only two ancient county towns that had successfully declared the world’s cultural heritage with the entire ancient city.
In 2005, Pingyao International Photography Exhibition was named “China’s Top Ten Most Influential Festivals” by the International Festival Association (IFEA).
On April 9, 2006, the Global Times selected Pingyao as one of the “50 places that China is most worthy of foreigners.”
On November 19, 2007, Pingyao Ancient City won the honorary title of “China’s Best Leisure Tourism County” and “China’s Top Ten Ancient Cities” awarded by the China Tourism Forum Organizing Committee.
On December 14, 2007, Pingyao Ancient City was awarded the title of “National Tourism Business Card”
In 2009, Pingyao Ancient City was awarded the most complete ancient county in China by the World Record Association.
The US “New York Times” selected 41 places in the world that are most worthwhile to travel in 2011. Pingyao is famous on the list.
In 2012, “Pingyao China Year” won two national awards for “2012 China Top Ten Festivals” and “China Exhibition Industry Annual Awards”.
On November 6, 2013, the list of the world’s top 100 high-quality tourist destinations was officially released in 2014. Pingyao Ancient City ranked in the top ten and ranked eighth in the world.
On November 12, 2013, the 4th China’s most desirable place was selected by the China Tourism and Television Association to be one of the 20 “China’s most desirable places”.
On January 8, 2014, the 2nd International Chinese Media Awards was announced. Pingyao Ancient City was awarded the top ten charming towns in China.
On April 17, 2014, the 2nd China Cultural Tourism Brand Construction and Development Summit was selected as “China Cultural Tourism Famous Scene”.
On July 13, 2015, Pingyao Ancient City became a national 5A tourist attraction.
On November 17, 2017, Pingyao Ancient City was awarded the top ten ancient villages and towns that were most popular among netizens in 2017.
Origin of the application
Pingyao is the only intact ancient Chinese city in the world. It was declared a national historical and cultural city in 1986. Due to the deviation of ideological concepts and protection systems, the dilemma of the protection of famous cities and economic and social development is difficult, and the financial resources cannot make ends meet. In order to get rid of the difficulties, it began to explore hard in 1992.
At the beginning, Wang Zhiyi, deputy magistrate of Pingyao County, first participated in the training of the UN Habitat Center, and the first test failed.
In December 1992, Cao Changzhi, deputy director of the Construction Department of Shanxi Province, wrote a letter to the governor of Shanxi Province, suggesting to change the concept and combine a combination of ancient city protection and tourism development to form a virtuous circle and invigorate Pingyao.
In May 1993, the construction hall, Baolian, published a signed article, and then proposed that Pingyao Ancient City should take the road of protection and development, which attracted the attention of the State Council.
According to the leadership requirements of the State Council and the instructions of the governor, the Shanxi Provincial Government has determined that the Construction Department will work with the Cultural Relics Bureau, Pingyao County Committee, and the county government to study. The Cao Changzhi presided over the preparation of the “Pingyang Historical and Cultural City Protection and Development Strategy” and innovated the “protection for development. Development and protection, protection and development “together”.
On June 9, 1994, well-known domestic experts gathered in Pingyao to demonstrate the “Strategy for the Protection and Development of Pingyao’s Historical and Cultural Cities”. The overall evaluation of the overall thinking is very distinctive. Strategic research can be used as an important decision-making basis for Pingyao’s future protection and development. During the period, Cao Changzhi and Wang Zhiyi proposed that senior experts and deputy directors of the National Historical and Cultural City Protection Expert Committee, Zheng Xiaoxuan and Luo Zhewen, should be called for the title. On June 12th, the General Assembly unanimously adopted the Pingyao application. On September 13, Cao Changzhi signed the “Request for the Declaration of Pingyao Ancient City as a United Nations World Cultural Heritage” to the Ministry of Construction. At that time, the secretary of the provincial party committee of Shanxi Province and the governor of the province wrote the inscription for the “Planning and Development Strategy of Pingyao Historical and Cultural City”. On June 19, Zheng Xiaoyu’s letter to the Ministry of Construction and the State Administration of Cultural Heritage once again recommended Pingyao’s application. Subsequently, the leaders of the 9 ministries and departments successively went to Pingyao to inspect and guide.
On June 20, 1996, Pingyao applied for the text of the world cultural heritage, and the drawings, pictures and video materials were completed, and the key points were transferred to the ancient city protection and rectification. On July 30th, the Shanxi Provincial Government established the Leading Group for Pingyao Application for Legacy. At that time, the governor and the deputy governor went to the office.
On November 26, 1997, Wang Jinghui, head of the delegation, Ma Yansheng, Guo Wei, Cao Changzhi, and Xu Wentao, members of the Chinese delegation attended the 21st World Heritage Conference in Naples, Italy. At 19:04 on December 3, the General Assembly deliberated and included the World Cultural Heritage through the ancient city of Pingyao.
On January 4, 1998, the Shanxi Provincial Government held a press conference. On May 25th, UNESCO issued a World Cultural Heritage Certificate.
Pingyao Ancient City Pass: Full price 130 yuan / person Half price ticket 65 yuan / person (Pingyao Ancient City tickets are not required to book online, the scenic window can be purchased)
Shuanglin Temple: 35 yuan / person Half price ticket 15 yuan / person
Zhenguo Temple: 25 yuan / person Half price ticket 10 yuan / person
Preferential policies: Children under 1.2 meters, active military personnel, disabled persons, and senior citizens over 60 years old are exempted from the ticket with valid documents. Young people under the age of 18 (including 18 years old) can purchase half-price tickets with valid documents.
High season (April-October): 08:00 – 18:30
Low season (November-March): 08:30 – 18:00
Plane: If you want to fly to Pingyao by plane, you should first fly to Taiyuan Wusu International Airport, transfer from Taiyuan City to Long-distance bus or train to Pingyao. Whether you take a long-distance bus or train, it takes about one and a half hours to two. It can be reached in an hour. From the airport, the airport group company station can take the 201 road to reach Taiyuan Jiannan Bus Station, Taiyuan Bus Station and Taiyuan Railway Station. From then on, you can go directly to Pingyao.
Train: Pingyao Railway Station is located on the west side of the ancient city, only 300 meters away from the northwest corner of the ancient city. The trains that arrive in Pingyao are passing cars. Apart from the cities in Shanxi Province, they can also directly reach Beijing, Chongqing, Guangzhou, Chengdu, Xi’an, Hohhot, Lanzhou and Tangshan by train. In July 2014, Pingyao Gucheng Station (moving station) was officially opened to traffic.
Bus: Pingyao Ancient City Highway is relatively developed, but since Pingyao Bus Station mainly operates intra-provincial routes, it is most suitable to transfer passenger cars from Taiyuan to Pingyao.