The ancient city of Qingzhou

The ancient city of Qingzhou

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Geographic location:Xicheng District, Qingzhou City

Level:AAAAA

Famous scenery:Even Garden, Museum, Mosque, Former Residence of Li Qingzhao, Sanguan Temple Youth Club

Suitable for the play season:Spring and summer

Qingzhou is the first of the ancient Kyushu, with a history of more than 7,000 years of development, more than 5,000 years of civilization history, and 12 years of national glory. It has existed in Guangxian County, Guanggu City, Nanyang City, Dongyang City, Dongguan City, and the flag. City and other six ancient city pools.

On November 18, 2013, Qingzhou was rated as “National Historical and Cultural City” by the State Council. On February 16, 2017, the National Tourism Administration publicized 20 new 5A scenic spots to the public, and Qingzhou Gucheng Scenic Spot in Qingzhou City, Shandong Province was selected as a 5A-level scenic spot.

In 2017, Qingzhou City was rated as a third-tier city in China.

On February 25, 2017, Qingzhou Ancient City, Qingzhou City, Shandong Province was newly promoted as a national 5A tourist attraction.

The ancient city of Qingzhou

Development History

Qingzhou is a historical and cultural city with profound cultural resources and distinctive regional culture. According to the investigation of unearthed cultural relics, as early as 7,000 years ago, human beings have prospered here and are the birthplace of “Dongyi Culture”. There are more than 270 sites in Beixin Culture, Longshan Culture and Dawenkou Culture. Dagu Water Control is divided into Kyushu and Qingzhou is one of Kyushu. Among the ancient Jiuzhou recorded in the oldest geographical work of China, which is widely regarded as having high scientific value, is Qingzhou, which is called Qingzhou “Northeast Sea (Bohai), Southwest China (Taishan)”, “Sea You are only in Qingzhou.” According to “Zhou Li” records: “Zhengdong 曰 Qingzhou.” And commented: “Gaiin is home to Shaoyang, and its color is green, so it is Qingzhou.” “Lu’s Spring and Autumn” called Qingzhou “the state of the East.” In the long history of China’s 5,000-year history, Qingzhou has become a famous city and has an important influence in the country. It has been a political, economic, military and cultural center in Shandong for more than 1,400 years. The Western Han Dynasty Yuanfeng five years, set up Qingzhou thorn history department, is one of the 13 thorn history departments of the country, the governor of Guangxian County (now the city west of 1 Huali), jurisdiction over 5 counties and 4 countries more than 100 counties. The Wei, Jin and Southern and Northern Dynasties still set up the Qingzhou thorn history department, which administers 9 counties and 47 counties. During the period from 399 to 410 AD, as the country of Nanyan, Murongde became the only emperor in Shandong. Set up Qingzhou General Administration Office, governing 4 counties and 36 counties. Tang has successively set up Qingzhou General Administration Office and Dudu Government, governing 8 counties and 49 counties, and the Tang Dynasty and the Five Dynasties set up Pingluo Qingqing Town, governing 15 states. At the beginning of the Northern Song Dynasty, Jingdong Road was established, governing 26 prefectures, prefectures, embassies, and 89 counties. In the 7th year of Xining, Jingdong East Road was established, governing 1 province, 7 states and 36 counties. Jin set up Shandong East Road, governing 2 towns, 11 states, 53 counties and 83 towns. At the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty, Yiduxing Province was established, followed by Xuanwei Division of Shandong East-West Road, governing 3 roads and 12 counties and 44 counties. At the beginning of the Ming Dynasty, Shandong Province was established in the province of Zhongshu, governing 6 provinces, 15 states and 89 counties, and Hongwu nine years (AD 1376) moved to the city. Since then, the middle and late Ming Dynasty and the Qing Dynasty have been the Qingzhou government. Qingzhou Ancient City Pool has also been changing with the change of history. Hanxian County is located in the west of the county. In 311 AD (Jin Yongjia five years) Jianguang Gucheng, after six major attacks, to be flattened in 410. After the Eastern Jin Dynasty destroyed Nanyan, another Dongyang City was built (west to the current Navy 402 Hospital, south to Nanyang River, east to Chengguan Hospital, north to Yuwangshan Road). The Northern Wei Xiaoming Emperor built Nanyang City, the city height of 3 feet 5 feet, 濠 3 feet 5 feet, week 13 miles, its scale is 3 feet longer than Jinan 1 mile.

Qingzhou is located in a traffic hub and has a superior geographical position. “There is a solid river and a river, and there is a sea of the left.” The Dongpu Peninsula, the south of Yimeng, and the north of the Bohai Sea are the military towns of the past. During the Southern and Northern Dynasties and the early Tang Dynasty, political officials took care of the military. During the Tang and Five Dynasties, Qingzhou was the governor of Pinglu. Song Jin set up the town navy here, the Northern Song Dynasty set up the Jingdong East Road to appease the ambassador, the Jin Dynasty set up the Shandong East-West Road Army, the Yuan set up the Yidu Shuaifu, the Marshal House, and set up the Shandong Duwei, the commanding division, clear Set up the Shandong Admiral, the patrol road, the Haiphong Road, and build the Eight Banners in the defense city. Because Qingzhou has a prominent position, there are more princes in Qingzhou. In the Han Dynasty, the European Union was called the Guanghou Chuan V. The seal of Liu was the Guanghou Chuan III, and the Yuanfeng Meinu was the Zhongjing Wang, Yi Wang, Ming Feng Qi Wang, Han Wang and Heng Wang.

Qingzhou, as a Buddhist center in Qilu, has a history of more than 1,700 years because of its political, economic, cultural and other backgrounds. It is one of the earliest areas where Buddhism was introduced to Han Dynasty. It has a variety of Buddhist sects such as the Pure Land, Zen, and Tantra, and has left a large number of precious relics. In particular, the discovery and restoration of many Buddhist relics, as well as a large number of Buddhist research papers and monographs, have resulted in a higher level of connotation for Qingzhou’s Buddhist culture.

Qingzhou is the first of the ancient Kyushu. It has a history of 12 years of capital, 1065 provincial capital, 1606 residence, and 2216 county rule. Since the early Western Han Dynasty, there have been six ancient cities, namely Guangxian City, Guanggu City, Dongyang City, Nanyang City, Dongguan City, and Manchu Banner City in the Han Dynasty.

From March 1948 to April 1949, the East China Bureau was stationed in Qingzhou.

In 1986, with the approval of the State Council, Qingzhou City was established and directly under the jurisdiction of Shandong Province.

The current Qingzhou City is a municipality under the jurisdiction of Shandong Province. It now has three urban districts, namely Xicheng District, Chengdong New District and Economic Development Zone, as well as Yidu, Wangfu, Yunmenshan, Huanglou, Gaoliu, Heguan and Dongxia. Tan Fang, Mihe, Wang Tomb, Miaozi, Shaozhuang.

In 2017, Qingzhou City was rated as a third-tier city in China.

Qingzhou City is one of the top 100 economic cities in the country. Its economic development ranks in the forefront of the country. It enjoys convenient transportation, a long history and a prosperous culture. It is listed as a sub-center city of Shandong Province and is entrusted with the responsibility of driving the development of surrounding cities. In the new era, Qingzhou City will continue to follow the development requirements of the province and the country, aiming at building a “five strong and four suitable” modern metropolis, speeding up the transformation of old and new kinetic energy, and achieving sound and rapid economic and social development.

The ancient city of Qingzhou

Origin of the name

Qingzhou, in ancient times, was one of the “Kyushu” of “Yu Gong”, which generally refers to an area east of Mount Tai to the Bohai Sea. Qingzhou was the land of Dongyi in ancient times. After the Dagu River was ruled, according to the direction of the mountains and rivers, the country was divided into Qing, Xu, Yang, Jing, Yu, Yi, Yi, Yi and Liang Jiuzhou. Qingzhou is one of them. . The oldest geographical work in China, “Shangshu `Yu Gong”, is called “Haicang only Qingzhou”. The sea is the sea of the sea, and the mountain is the mountain. According to “Zhou Li”, “Zhengdongyu Qingzhou” was recorded, and it was said: “The cover is made of Shaoyang, and its color is green, so it is Qingzhou.”

The ancient city of Qingzhou

Geographic location

Qingzhou City, Shandong Province under the jurisdiction of the city, China’s third-tier cities, now under the jurisdiction of Xicheng District, Chengdong New District, Economic Development Zone, three urban areas, as well as Yidu, Wangfu, Yunmenshan, Huanglou, Gaoliu, Heguan, Dongxia Tanfang, Mihe, Wangfen, Miaozi, Shaozhuang. Qingzhou City is adjacent to Changle County in the east, Zichuan and Linyi in Zibo City in the west, Linyi in the south, Guangrao in Dongying City in the north, and Shouguang in Weifang City in the northeast, with a total area of 1563.8 square kilometers. °10′ ~ 118 ° 46′, north latitude 36 ° 24 ‘ ~ 36 ° 56 ‘ range. Jiaoji Railway and Yanglin Railway, Jiqing Expressway and Changshen Expressway cross in Qingzhou, and 309 National Highway and 352 Provincial Highway pass through, and are listed as the sub-central city of Shandong Province. In addition, Jiqing High-speed Railway has set up Qingzhou North Station in Qingzhou.

The ancient city of Qingzhou

Scenic range

The cultural tourism of Qingzhou Ancient City covers an area of about 10 square kilometers, which consists of three parts: Beiguan Ancient Street District and Songcheng in Gudongyang City; Nanyang River Tourist Belt, Nanyuan Historical and Cultural District, Nanmen District and East Gate in the ancient Nanyang City area. Zhaode Ancient Street District of Zizi City.

The ancient city of Qingzhou

Urban structure

There are hundreds of ancient streets and alleys in the city, including Zhaode Ancient Street, which is selected as “National Top Ten Historical and Cultural Streets”, and Streets of Even Garden Street, Wei Street, Dongmen Street, Beimen Street and Shenjiang Street. Lanes, most of the streets have been named for hundreds of years or even thousands of years. These streets have clear texture and complete spatial layout, which preserves the traditional features of the ancient city. Among them, Beimen Street, Even Garden Street and Dongmen Street are the most complete, largest and most connotative streets. Among them, you will appreciate the glory of Qingzhou Ancient City and feel the profound historical and cultural atmosphere.

The ancient city of Qingzhou

Main Attractions

There are more than 10,000 meters of Ming and Qing ancient streets, such as Beimen Street, Dongmen Street, Youyuan Street, Beiying Street, Nanying Street and Zhaode Street. There are Qingzhou Museum, Sanxian Temple, Li Qingzhao Memorial Hall, Wannian Bridge and Songcheng. Even Garden, Hengwangfu Archway, Qingzhou Fugongyuan, Fuyumen, Fuwen Temple, Zhenjiao Temple, Mosque, Christian Church, Catholic Church, Peizhen College, South Gate, Kuixing Building, Ouyang Xiushanzhai, Lanxi Valley, Li Qing Former Residence, etc. More than 120 scenic spots, as well as hundreds of old names, etc., more comprehensively show the traditional city style and social customs of ancient Qingzhou.

The ancient city of Qingzhou

Fucaimen

Qi Caimen, also known as Nanmen, is the southern gate of Nanyang City in Qingzhou.

Qingzhou Nanyang Ancient City was built in the Northern Wei Dynasty, and the Jinyuan Ming and Qing Dynasties were the government offices. At the beginning of Tucheng, the brick city was built in Hongwu for three years. The wall is 12 meters high, 6 meters thick and 13 steps long and 108 steps. There are 1777 Chengkou in the city. There are four gates of Haitang, Yizong, Qicai and Zhanchen. All kinds of offices, temples, academies, and celebrities’ former residences are scattered throughout, making it a veritable “Shandong First City”.

The ancient city of Qingzhou

Kuixing Building

Kuixing Building is the former southeast corner of Qingzhou Fucheng. It was built in the Song Dynasty and rebuilt in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. It is a two-storey building with a grand and grandeur. In the ancient “Ten Scenery of Qingzhou”, there is a scene of “South Building Night Rain”, which is the scene of this building. Ancient scholars worshiped Kui Xing in the Kuixing Building and prayed for a name in the imperial examination. Kuixing Building is a beautiful landmark, dignified and majestic, and is one of the landmark buildings of Qingzhou Ancient City.

The ancient city of Qingzhou

Celebrity arch

On the Yuanyuan Street and Nanmen Street, there are more than ten celebrity workshops such as Liu Wei’s Zhuguofang, University Shifang, Shimaohua’s Shangshulifang, Yikedifang, Fengqi Prince Zibaofang. There is also the landmark archway of the ancient city of Qingzhou – Haishu Metropolis Square.

The ancient city of Qingzhou

Dongmen Street

Dongmen is a famous gateway to Qingyang Nanyang City. It was built in the early Northern Wei Dynasty and has been around for more than 1,500 years. In the Ming Dynasty, it was called “Haicang Gate”, and the Qing Dynasty was called “Haicang Gate”. “Out of the East Gate, enter the city”, is the only entrance to Nanyang City connecting East Gate. There are two city gates, and the two door rings are closed by a wall, which is called the city. There is a wide moat in front of the city gate, which is the danger of defending the ancient city. The front door of the East Gate was destroyed by the artillery fire of the Liberation War. The inner door was demolished in 1972 for the construction of Yunmenshan Road.

The ancient city of Qingzhou

Even garden

Ouyuan, located in the east side of the middle section of the Qingyuan Ancient City, is originally called “Fengjia Garden”. It was originally the Hengwangfu East Garden. It has been more than 500 years since its history. Later it became the scholar of the Wenhua Temple in the Qing Dynasty. The home after returning home. Feng is a famous family in the history of Qingzhou, especially in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Since the beginning of the ancestor Feng Yu, the generations have been officially clean and honest, and the poetry and books have been passed down from generation to generation.

Feng Wei, the word Kong Bo, and the word Yi Zhai, Qingzhou people, Shunzhi three years of scholars, successively served as a custody, edited, Hongwen Institute, a bachelor’s degree, the Ministry of the Ministry of the Ministry of the Ministry of Justice, Wenhua Temple University. Feng Yu’s knowledge is profound, his nature is just right, and he has won the re-use of Kangxi Emperor. Emperor Kangxi called it “the auxiliary and the minister” and praised him for “Tenmin Tongda” and “Industriousness”. Feng Bing was straightforward and dare to swear, and proposed to the emperor many policies for the rule of the country and the people, and made many good things for the people.

When Feng Wei was in the capital, he won the Wanliu Garden of the Yuan Dynasty. The garden was named after the willow plant. In the twenty-first year of Kangxi, Feng Wei, 74, resigned to his hometown. Feng Wei has Wanliuyuan in Beijing, and the name of the park is named “nothing is unique”, hence the name “even garden”. The Qing Dynasty manuscript said that this garden was given by Emperor Kangxi. According to the research of Feng’s researcher, the researcher actually purchased this garden before Feng Xiaozhi.

It is surrounded by the quaint and spacious Feng’s Ancestral Hall and the Feng Zhai, which is a staggered building. It is actually a group of ancient trinity ancient buildings with a combination of house, ancestral and garden. It has been more than 500 years old. Keep it in good condition. This garden is the east garden of Hengwang. Therefore, the layout and scale are similar to those of the imperial garden in the palace, especially the rockery in the park. The concept is ingenious and skillful. Its artistic conception and stone-stitching skills are exactly the same as those of Zhongnanhai. The garden experts concluded that Qingzhou Ouyuan was the work of Zhang Ran, a descendant of Zhang Nanyuan, a famous Chinese garden builder.

There are four osmanthus flowers in the Ming Dynasty, three spring flowers in the Ming Dynasty, and the flowers are still in the past 400 years. The four great stones of Fu, Shou, Kang and Ning in the garden are precious. At that time, there were one or two stones and one or two. The saying of silver is that there are more fake mountains in the park, delicate and chic, small bridges and flowing water, and ancient cypresses.

The ancient city of Qingzhou

Qingzhou Museum

Qingzhou Museum is the only county-level first-class museum in the country. It has more than 30,000 pieces of cultural relics and more than 1,000 pieces of precious cultural relics in the country. Among them, the collection of Zhao Bingzhong’s temple examinations in the Ming Dynasty, the Yizi grandchildren in the Eastern Han Dynasty, and the Warring States Yuren, The Buddhist statues at the site of Longxing Temple are not only the treasures of the town hall, but also unique in the country.

The museum is divided into twelve exhibition halls, namely: Qingzhou Brief History Exhibition Hall (pre-historic – 1840, 1840 – 1949 two exhibition halls), ceramic exhibition hall, Longxing Temple Buddhist statue group exhibition hall, Longxing Temple Buddhist Statue Boutique Hall, Ancient Painting and Calligraphy Art Hall, Bronze Mirror Exhibition Hall, Stone Carving Sculpture Exhibition Hall, Stone Carving Monument Hall, Jade Gallery, Bronze Statue Gallery, Revolutionary Cultural Relics Exhibition Hall and Ancient Coin Exhibition Hall. The exhibition exhibits the principles of quality and specialization, highlights the characteristics of Qingzhou, and integrates scientific, artistic and ornamental features.

The ancient city of Qingzhou

Blue valley

Qingzhou Lanxi Valley Scenic Area is located in the southwest mountainous area of Qingzhou City, Yangtian Mountain, connecting with Linyi County. Surrounded by mountains, the air is fresh and the scenery is pleasant. The trees in the scenic area are shaded by the water, and the orchards, pavilions and lakes are in harmony. There are blueberry, raspberry, cherry, hawthorn, black carp, grape and other picking gardens. It is a large-scale eco-tourism park with leisure agriculture as the main body, integrating tourism, vacation, leisure, picking and sightseeing, accommodation and catering.

Lanxi Valley is famous for its fruit picking gardens. It has a high-quality fruit and vegetable production base, mainly berry picking gardens with blueberries, grapes, large cherry, hawthorn, black carp, raspberry and other fruits. Whenever the flower blooms and matures, it attracts many tourists from the local and surrounding areas to come and pick and choose.

There are high-quality deep underground rock gaps in the blue valley, which makes the high-quality drinking water in Lanxi Valley praise the local residents.

The ancient city of Qingzhou

Haitang City Square

The business activities in Qingzhou City are very prosperous, and the development of industries such as mulberry sericulture and tobacco has attracted merchants from all over the country. Many local merchants have established halls in Qingzhou, such as Shanxi Guild, Shaoxing Guild, Qingzhou or Silk Road. One of the important land sources, archaeologically unearthed artifacts, showed that the Persians had trafficked silk in Qingzhou. Haishu Metropolis Square shows the status and prosperity of Qingzhou through this form.

The ancient city of Qingzhou

Building style

Folk house features

Some of the door and window details and architectural colors of the Qingzhou residential courtyards have the typical characteristics of the Song and Ming Dynasties. The whole is concise and sturdy, without losing the delicateness and detail of the details. As usual, the use of mullion and checkered windows, the construction of the terrace in front of the main hall, the application of the transplanting ridge, the end of the ridge are basically not tilted and the vertical ridges form a strong right-angle cross, and the folds are mostly in accordance with the Qing Dynasty. The official style is a case, and the frame of the skull is often engraved with the type of lotus whisker. The roof of the important hall will have a green swirl with a brocade painting, and the interior partitions are mostly square. In the late Qing Dynasty, the building partitions will have more ornate decorations, and the colors are mostly dark red. The color tone of commercial buildings along Qingzhou Street is dominated by calm black, with borders, seals and other decorative red borders or green, blue and yellow blocks. A red couplet or New Year’s picture is posted on the door panel or along the street gate. The colorful business of the street can be used to hang the scorpion and cover the cloth, billboards, etc. to reflect the bustling commercial atmosphere of the street. Qingzhou residences are mainly hard mountain styles, with small blue bricks, flat roofs, or solid bricks or small tiles; three vertical ridges or tiling, or vertical bricks, usually with outer ridges .

The ancient city of Qingzhou

Even garden rockery

The original garden was originally a private garden of the university scholars in the early Qing Dynasty and the prince Taiyuan Fengxuan. It was built in the early years of Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty and is one of the few “Kangxi style” garden buildings that survived in the country. Although the scale of the park is not large, its structure is rigorous and its layout is appropriate. There is no interest in it. The pavilions in the park are full of gems, strange rocks, springs, winding paths, bamboo cymbals, and flowers and trees concealing, fully reflecting China. The superb garden architecture art of the working people. Four sweet-scented osmanthus flowers in the Ming dynasty have been in the garden for more than four hundred years. Although the three ancestral flowers left in the Ming Dynasty, the “old-age dragon clock”, every year, the winter will bloom full of yellow flowers to welcome the arrival of spring. The most attractive thing in the park is the even garden rockery. There are three peaks in the rockery. There are no strange places along the east and south walls of the park. It is quite interesting to see the details. The rockery is divided on the structure. The four parts of Feng, Feng, and Tai, each part reflects their own themes, and the characteristics are distinct, so that the whole rockery is noisy, and there is change in the static, the level is clear, the realm is elegant, and there is a thousand miles in the park. Experts have verified that the Qingzhou Evening Garden Rock Mountain is the only surviving “Kangxi style” garden rockery in the country.

The ancient city of Qingzhou

Zhenjiao Temple

Zhenjiao Temple is located in Zhaode Street, where the Hui people gather in Dongguan, Qingzhou. According to the inscriptions in the temple: Da Yuan Dade six years (AD 1302) Yuan Xiang Bo Yan descendants, one of the three major Islamic temples in China, was sealed as an official temple in the Yuan Dynasty. In the temple, there is the “Bai Zizan” monument of the Ming Dynasty Zhu Yuanzhang, which has always been the center of Islamic activities in eastern Shandong. The real teaching temple melts Arab architectural art and Chinese architectural art in a furnace. It looks like an ancient Chinese building. It looks like an Arabic architectural style. As the main building, the main gate, the second gate, the worship hall, the Wangyuelou, etc. are all arranged on a central axis of east-west direction, symmetrically arranged in the left and right, three courtyards, and the upper level, which is completely Chinese palace-style architectural style.

The ancient city of Qingzhou

Chessboard street

Located in the historical and cultural district of Zhaode, due to the dense streets and shops, it is named Chess Street.

The ancient city of Qingzhou

Cultural Value

One of the ancient Kyushu

In ancient times, China’s Huaxia nationality was founded in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River. It thought that the place where it lived was in the middle of the world. In the Central Plains region, the name of the country was called “China” and the place around it was called “the Quartet.” The ancients referred to the majority with the “nine”. According to historical records, when Daxie ruled water, he divided “China” into “Kyushu” to show the vastness of the Central Plains. Sima Qian said in “Historical Records” that “China’s famous Chixian Shenzhou, Chixian Shenzhou has its own Kyushu, and the prefecture of Kyushu is also.” Later, people used “Kyushu” to refer to China. The poet of the Qing Dynasty, Gong Zizhen, “Hei Hai Miscellaneous Poems” “Kyushu is angry with the wind and thunder, Wan Maqi can be sorrowful.” Folk songs “Moon children bend and bend according to Kyushu, several happy families,” and so on, also use “Kyushu” to refer to China.

“Kyushu” is the name of nine administrative regions in the Central Plains of ancient China. The name of “Kyushu” is not the same. It is generally said that “Kyushu” refers to: “Kyushu” refers to: Zhangzhou, Yuzhou, Zhangzhou, Yangzhou, Zhangzhou, Xuzhou, Liangzhou, Qingzhou, Jingzhou.

The ancient city of Qingzhou

Non-resourced place

In order to explore the ancient city culture, the Qingzhou Municipal Government has successively established the Ancient City Art Troupe and the Intangible Cultural Art Troupe, and has carried out public exhibitions of more than 50 cultural heritage projects such as Qingzhou Huayuan, Dianqin and Embroidery in the ancient city, so that these are endangered. The cultural heritage walked out of the museum and went to the public, promoting the live heritage of the non-legacy culture.

The ancient city of Qingzhou

Source of ancient silk road

The ancient Qingzhou area is one of the most developed areas of the ancient Chinese silk industry. It is not only one of the main sources of ancient China’s Silk Road through the Hexi Corridor and the European countries, but also the sea of the Shandong Peninsula to countries such as Japan and South Korea. The first voyage of the Silk Road (the Eastern Maritime Silk Road, or Silk East Road).

The ancient city of Qingzhou

The birthplace of Dongyi culture

During the Xia and Shang Dynasties, the Dongyi tribe and Fang Guo in the Qingzhou area represented the development level of Dongyi culture. After the last country of the Dongyi tribe in the early Western Zhou Dynasty, Lai Guo was destroyed by Qi State, its survivors were moved to the Weihe River Valley in the southwest of Qingzhou. In summary, the ancient Qingzhou area is the main birthplace of Dongyi culture.

The ancient city of Qingzhou

Buddha statue “Qingzhou style”

The true formation and development of “Qingzhou style” Buddhist art should be in the Northern Dynasty. The large number of Buddhist statues discovered were of this period, especially during the period from Nanqi to the end of the Northern Qi Dynasty. A large number of stone-carved Buddhist statues of this period were discovered on the sites of Longxing Temple (the top ten archaeological finds in the country in 2006), Guangfu Temple and Xingguo Temple in Qingzhou. These images are divided into high relief statues with rounded backs and round sculptures.

The statue with a lotus-shaped back screen, as the name suggests, is like a lotus-backed back screen, which appears in a shop. In the middle of the three statues, the main lord is mostly a Buddha statue, and there is a threatening Buddha on both sides. On the lower part of the back screen, the two sides of the main statue are decorated with dancing dragons, mouth lotus, lotus leaves, lotus buds, holding up two threatening Buddha. The upper part of the upper part of the back screen is mostly a single-layer side tower. The cover on the tower is very prominent, covering the upper brake lever and the ring phase wheel. In some of the statues of the late Northern Wei Dynasty, the gods of the sun and the moon appeared. If these elements that make up the back screen are taken apart, they can be found in grottoes or individual statues in other parts of China. For example, the single-layer raft tower has appeared in the grottoes of Xinjiang, Shanxi, Hebei and other places; the shape of the dragon-shaped lotus has also appeared in the statues unearthed in Henan. But the combination of these elements in a fixed form is only the Qingzhou statue.

The “Qingzhou style” embodied in the back-screen image is popular in the late Northern Wei Dynasty to the Eastern Wei Dynasty. In the late Northern Qi Dynasty, the image of this style gradually faded out of people’s sight.

“Since the late Eastern Wei Dynasty, a Buddhist statue that is different from the clothing of the Yiwubo belt has gradually emerged, and Gaoqi has developed very fast.” China’s famous archaeologist and pioneer of Buddhist archaeology, Su Bai, once worked at Qingzhou Longxing. The thin and transparent Buddha image referred to in the article “The Qingzhou City and the Longxing Temple” is another aspect of the Qingzhou style. This style of Buddha statue, the meat is slightly convex, the eyes are low, the body is slender, the body is wide, the shoulders are wide and flat, the chest is slightly raised, the abdomen is slightly protruding, the waist is thin, the dress is light and thin, close to the body, it is “Cao Yi water” Very good reproduction. The same is true of the Buddha statue in the posture. The “Qingzhou style” of this performance is mainly popular in the Northern Qi period.

The ancient city of Qingzhou

Nanyan’s capital

Guanggu City, Nanyan State Capital, has existed for 12 years.

The ancient city of Qingzhou

China’s longevity township

“China’s longevity township” is a brand-new city card of Qingzhou. Qingzhou City will take this opportunity to enlarge the brand effect of “Longevity Township” and promote the healthy and sustainable development of Qingzhou economy and society, and make Qingzhou a thousand-year-old city glow. New brilliance and new charm.

On January 25, 2016, Qingzhou City declared the second “China Longevity Township” expert certification meeting. The certification committee reviewed the city’s declaration of “China’s longevity township” and agreed that the city’s various indicators are in line with the “China’s longevity township” standard, and the city successfully passed the expert certification process. On January 30th, the Chinese Academy of Gerontology and Geriatrics issued the “Decision on Granting the Title of the Second “Hometown of Longevity in China” in Qingzhou City, Shandong Province, officially naming the city as “the hometown of longevity in China”.

The ancient city of Qingzhou

Travel Information

There are 22 public bicycle stations and 5 electric tourist bus stations in the Qingzhou ancient city area. 300 public bicycles, 20 rickshaws and 14 electric tourist buses are put into the city. Visitors can choose the favorite way in the ancient city. Enjoy the tour.

Qingzhou has developed traffic. There are Jiaoji Railway and Jiaoji Passenger Dedicated Line running through the east and west. There are 25 pairs of passenger trains at Qingzhou North Station on the Jiqing High-speed Railway. It is one of the county-level stations with the largest number of trains in the country. It is 150km away from Jinan in the west and 240km away from Qingdao in the east. In addition, the local railway Yiyang Railway and Qinglin Railway connect the Bohai Sea and the Luzhong Mountain Area. On the highway side, there are Jiqing Expressway and Dongqing Expressway. There are also 309 National Road, Jiqing Highway and Yanglin Highway. It is a transportation hub in eastern Shandong.

Ticket information

Qingzhou Ancient City Scenic Area does not charge tickets, and tickets are charged separately in the Evening Scenic Area and Dengcheng Building.

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