Songshan Shaolin Scenic Area

Songshan Shaolin Scenic Area

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Geographic location:Dengfeng City, Henan Province

Level:AAAAA

Famous scenery:Shaolin Temple, Tallinn

Suitable for the play season:Best in spring and autumn

Songshan Shaolin Scenic Area is located in Dengfeng City, Henan Province. Zhongyue Mountain is composed of Taishi Mountain (1,494 meters) and Shaofang Mountain (1,512 meters). It stands in the Central Plains and stands in the middle of the mountain. Located between the ancient capitals and Luo, since ancient times, it has been a gathering place for literati. The emperors of the past, the literati, the monks and the famous martial arts, have left a lot of places of interest, such as the Shaolin Temple, which was built in the Northern Wei Dynasty. The Zhongyue Temple, the Shuyang Academy, one of the four major colleges in China, and the two “General Boss” in the courtyard, as well as the oldest surviving temple of the Yueyue Temple in China, the Tai Room, the Shao Room, the Kaimu Sanhan Temple and the ancient astronomical observation Taiwan and so on. On August 17, 2007, Songshan Shaolin Scenic Area was selected as the first batch of national 5A level scenic spots.

From September 20, 2018, the ticket price of Shaolin Temple in Songshan Mountain was reduced from 100 yuan/person to 80 yuan/person.

Songshan Shaolin Scenic Area

Development History

Songshan Shaolin Temple was founded in the Northern Wei Dynasty and the 19th year (AD 495). In order to house the Indian high Vedas that he admired, Emperor Xiaowen built Shaolin Temple in the north of Songshan Mountain. The Vedic received two high-ranking disciples, one of whom was Huiguang, a master of law, and the other was thick, and was hailed as “the east of the green hills, the most Zen.”

In the first year of Yongping (AD 506), the Indian sorghums, Lena Morti and Bodhi, successively came to Shaolin Temple to open up the translation field. After the Shaolin Temple Xitai Stupa was built, the scriptures were translated and translated by Huiguang to jointly translate the Indian relatives. The Bodhisattva “Ten Di Jing” was completed in three years. After the “Ten Di Jing” was turned over, Hui Guang said in the Shaolin Temple that the content includes the “four divisions.” The disciples of Huiguang mainly include Fa Shang, Dao Li, Ling Yan, Dao Yun, Dao Hui, Ling Yin and so on. The establishment of the “four points” was started in Huiguang. “Four Points” was passed down in the Shaolin Temple. In the early Shaolin law, the “four points” was the first, and the first was to use the rules and disciplines, and then to learn the theory. The Shaolin disciples marched along this double track and the results were numerous. In the early Tang Dynasty, the foundation was solid, and the law was opened, and the water was everywhere.

Emperor Wendi worshipped the Buddha and gave him a hundred hectares of land in the Shaolin Temple during the Kaihuang Period (581-600 years). In the early years of the Sui Dynasty, due to the emperor’s reward, Shaolin Temple became a large temple with many farmland and huge temples.

In the last years of the Sui Dynasty (618), the imperial court was out of politics, and the group was flocking, and the world was in chaos. The Shaolin Temple, which has a large temple, became the target of the thief attack. “The gangster refused, and the tower was burned.” In order to protect the temple production, the Shaolin Temple monks organized armed forces to fight against the thieves and officers, and Shaolin Kungfu was initially formed as the armed forces of the Shaolin Temple.

In the second year of Tang Wude (619), General Wang Shichong was the emperor in Luoyang, and he was called “Zheng Guo”. The other of them, Wang Ren, occupies the Bailin Dock of Shaolin Temple and builds the city of Shuozhou.

Wude four years (621 years), Shaolin Temple, and other 13 monks, took Wang Ren, captured the city of Zhangzhou, and returned to Qin Wang Li Shimin. Three days later, Li Shimin sent a special envoy to the Shaolin Temple to express his condolences. The monks were also detained, and the ancestors were also named as the generals, and they were given to the Shaolin Temple in the Baiduwutian forty days. Shaolin Temple has been famous for its martial arts since then. The Shaolin monks martial arts have become a wind, passed down from generation to generation.

In the Tang Dynasty, Shaolin Temple was the center of Zen studies at that time. In the first year of Tang Hongdao (683 years), the important leader of the Dharma Zen School, such as the Zen Master, was stationed at the Shaolin Temple in Xi, and died in Shaolin Temple six years later. At that time, famous Zen masters such as Hui An, Yuan Zhen, Ling Yun, Tong Guang, etc. were all stationed in Shaolin Temple. A generation of masters Xuan Zang (600-664 years) had twice on the table, requesting to enter the Shaolin Temple to practice the Zen translation, but was not allowed.

In the fourth year of Tang Chang’an (AD 704), Yijing returned to China from India, and at least Lin Temple was a ring of altars, which originated from Shaolin Temple’s long tradition of law.

Xinluo Guohui Huizhao (774-850) Yu Yuan and five years (810 years) entered the Shaolin Temple for many years, and returned to the country to build Yuquan Temple in 830 AD. After the death, he was nicknamed “Zhen Jian Guo Shi”. After the Buddhist sects founded by Bodhidharma flourished and became the largest sect of Chinese Buddhism, especially after entering the Song Dynasty (10th century), Shaolin Temple began to become a pilgrimage site for the Zen religion. In order to commemorate Bodhidharma, in the place where the Shaolin Temple was built by the Dharma Dharma, the ancestral ancestors were built and the tall “tower of the wall” was established.

After the establishment of the Mongolian people, the Shaolin Temple was born in the Yuan Dynasty and was the second glorious period of Shaolin. As the Zen ancestral hall of Shaolin Temple, Cao Dongzong returned to the ancestral court, talented people, and high-ranking ancestors, which opened the most brilliant era of Shaolin Temple, which was the axis of the Chinese Zen religious school in this period. In the middle of the Yuan Dynasty, a group of Japanese monks represented by Shao Yuan went to Shaolin Temple to seek law and became a story in the history of Sino-Japanese cultural exchanges. During the residence of Shaolin Temple by Xueting Fuyu, he also established the patriarchal system of the temple, which made Shaolin Temple a home for Shaolin Temple and became an important foundation for the rise of the Shaolin Kungfu martial arts level and the formation of the system and martial art in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).

The Ming Dynasty was established during the Han Chinese war against the Mongols. Therefore, in the Ming Dynasty in the cold weapon era, folk martial arts prevailed. This is the environment in which the Shaolin Kung Fu martial arts level is refined and the system and martial art are formed. In the nearly three hundred years of the Ming Dynasty, it was the period of development of Shaolin Kungfu martial arts. At least six times, the Shaolin Temple monks were recruited by the court, participated in official war activities, and repeatedly built meritorious deeds. They were repeatedly awarded by the court and repaired the temple at the Shaolin Temple. Shaolin Kungfu has also undergone tests in actual combat, and Shaolin Kung Fu is well-known for its reputation, which has established the authority of Shaolin Kungfu in the national martial arts community. Shaolin Kungfu has had a profound impact on the origin and development of martial arts in Shaolin Temple (Henan, Shandong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Yunnan, etc.) and the tourist areas (Henan Funiu Mountain, Sichuan Emei Mountain, Yunnan Jizu Mountain, etc.). . Shaolin Kungfu’s martial arts skills have reached an unprecedented level and have been widely recognized by peers and the whole society. At the same time, the theory of Shaolin Kung Fu has been unprecedentedly developed, and the writings are so complicated that it is now impossible to count. Among them, there are four important martial arts works that have been passed down to the present: Ming Shihong’s “Dream of the Green”, Ming Chengzong’s “The Shaolin Stick Method”, Qing Wu’s “The Arm Record” and Qing Zhang Kong’s “Boxing Boxing Method”.

According to the Ming Dynasty Wanli nine years (1581), Wang Shixing’s “Traveling to the West”, at this time Shaolin Temple monks reached the “eight hundred miles” scale. According to the system of the patriarchal system of Shaolin Temple, in addition to the permanent detainees of Shaolin Temple, other monks are scattered in the heads of various patriarchal laws. The basic principle of the Buddhist organization is the tourist system, and the core content is open, that is, the freedom of the monks to enter and exit. However, within the organizational structure of the patriarchal patriarchal system of Shaolin Temple, the relationship between the sects and the sects is relatively simple and stable. They must strictly abide by the patriarchal inheritance system. Unless there are special reasons, people do not move frequently. The patriarchal system of Shaolin Temple has the duality of openness and stability. It plays a very important role in the development and inheritance of Shaolin Kungfu, especially the formation of Shaolin Kungfu system and martial art.

After the Qing Dynasty entered the Qing Dynasty and became a political power, it was affected by the war. At this time, the scale of the Shaolin Temple monks gradually narrowed. The Qing court attached great importance to the Shaolin Temple. In the thirteenth year of Emperor Yongzheng (1735), the emperor visited the temple plan, examined the plan, rebuilt the mountain gate, and rebuilt the Thousand Buddha Hall. In the fifteenth year of Emperor Qianlong (1750), Emperor Qianlong visited the Shaolin Temple, stayed in the abbot room, and wrote a poem. During the day, Shaolin Temple monks practiced meditation in the daytime. At night, they insisted on the most hidden apse of Shaolin Temple, the Thousand Buddha Hall. The martial arts were not shackled, and the ground of the hall was formed by the long-term practice. The remains still exist. From the mural paintings and literatures of the Qing Dynasty, the Shaolin Kungfu has maintained a high level since the Qing Dynasty.

During the Republic of China (1911-1949), Shaolin Temple suffered a major man-made fire. In 1928, warlords fought, and Shaolin Temple, Daxiong Treasure Hall, Tibetan Classical Attic and other important buildings and collections were burned and suffered heavy losses.

Since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, especially since the government promulgated a new religious policy in the 1980s, with the opening of the country and the advent of the global multicultural era, Shaolin Temple has inherited and developed its own unique fine traditions. Extensively carry out Chinese and foreign cultural exchange activities. In order to promote the Shaolin culture around the world, in response to people’s love for Shaolin Kungfu, the Shaolin Temple established the Shaolin Wushu Group to publicly perform for the people of all countries. The footprints are spread all over the world and are popular in five continents. It has won the love of people all over the world and has been widely appreciated.

Today, Shaolin disciples have spread all over the world. Shaolin culture has been recognized by more and more people in the world and has become a link connecting the friendship of the people of the world. In the eyes of people who love Chinese culture all over the world, Shaolin culture has not only become the representative of Chinese martial arts, but also the unique image of Chinese Buddhist Zen culture, and has become one of the symbols of Chinese traditional culture.

Songshan Shaolin Scenic Area

Geographical environment

Geographic location

Shaolin Temple is located in the west of Zhongyue Mountain, 13 kilometers northwest of Dengfeng City, Henan Province. It is N34°30′27.71′′ east longitude E112°56′10.39′′, with the back of the five milk peaks, surrounded by mountains, peaks and peaks, and scattered, forming Shaolin Temple. Natural barrier. 嵩 Shandong is Taishi Mountain, west is Shaoshi Mountain, each has thirty-six peaks, and Fengfeng is famous. Shaolin Temple is under the five-milk peak of Shaozhu Mountain, which is dense in bamboo forest.

Songshan Shaolin Scenic Area

Climate condition

Dengfeng is located in the Huaihe River Basin and belongs to the continental monsoon humid climate with four distinct seasons and mild climate. The annual average temperature is 14.3 °C, the rainfall is 640 mm, the average is 8.5 °C on the mountain, and the annual rainfall is 864 mm on the mountain. Most of them are concentrated in seven, eight, and nine months. The hottest month in July, the monthly average temperature is 27.3 °C. The coldest month in January, the monthly average temperature is -0.2 °C.

Songshan Shaolin Scenic Area

Main Attractions

Shaolin Temple

Shaolin Temple is the birthplace of Shaolin martial arts, and Shaolin martial arts is also recognized as the authentic martial art of Chinese martial arts. The Shaolin Temple is often the center of the Shaolin Temple. It is the place where the monks and deacons conduct Buddhist activities. The total area is more than 30,000 square meters, which is a seven-entry building. The inscriptions of Shaolin Temple are also very famous. There are many inscriptions on both sides of the Shanmen Road. They are called Shaolin Temple Forest. These are the famous original inscriptions since the Tang and Song Dynasties. The east side of Beilin is the former site of Ciyuntang. It is now the Shaolin Temple monument. It not only records the rise and fall of the temple, but also has high research value in history, sculpture and art. The Shaolin Temple and the monument have a total of 108 inscriptions.

Songshan Shaolin Scenic Area

Tallinn

Located about 300 meters west of Shaolin Temple, it covers an area of more than 14,000 square meters. There are 246 towers of Tang, Song, Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing. It is the largest ancient tower group in China. Because the tower is scattered like a forest, it is called Tallinn. Tallinn is a tomb of Shaolin Temple’s abbots and accomplished and contributing monks. Tallinn has a total of 232 tombs of various generations since its inception, including 1 stupa, 1 tower, 2 Song towers, 7 gold towers, 43 Yuan towers, 139 Ming towers and 10 Qing towers. There are 2 contemporary towers, 27 towers are unclear, and there are 35 towers and towers. The most striking thing in Tallinn is a new tower, which is the personal tower of the 19th generation of Shaolin Temple, which is also called the “Shouta”. It was built by a disciple of the monk to celebrate his 80th birthday. The sculpture of this tower is unique and completely modern.

The shapes of these towers are colorful, divided into layers, single and multi-layer, and the highest level is seven, which is called “seven-level float”, up to 15 meters; according to the shape of the plane, there are squares, rectangles, six Angle, octagonal and round, etc.; according to the type, there are dense, clogged and lama. Most of them are made of masonry and are also made of solid stone. The tower is often engraved with exquisite patterns and reliefs. The contents of Ta Ming are more abundant. Each tower has a tower front on it and identifies the main name of the tower. Some towers also have Ta Ming, several high-rise towers with great influence, and special stone monuments. The life story, the law of inheritance, and the Lita people, the tower age and so on. Therefore, the Shaolin Temple Tallinn is not only a treasure trove of ancient Chinese brick and stone architecture, calligraphy, and sculpture, but also a very precious material for studying the history of Buddhism and the history of Shaolin Temple.

Songshan Shaolin Scenic Area

Zhongyue Temple

Taoist famous palace view. In Shandong Province, Dengfeng County, Henan Province. It was built in Qin; the Western Han Dynasty Yuanfeng (the first 110) when Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty visited the mountain, ordered the eunuch to increase its old system; in the fifth year of the Eastern Han Dynasty (118), the “Taiwan 阙” was added; during the Northern and Southern Dynasties, the two temples were moved. Lushan Mountain, Huang Gaifeng. It was changed to the current name in the Northern Wei Dynasty. The Hou Temple site has changed. The Tang Xuanzong was restored to the original site and expanded. Song Gande added more than 100 corridors in the second year (964). Xiang Fu six years (1013) added More than 800 temples and arches, etc., carved and painted, magnificent, is a period of great prosperity; the Ming Dynasty Chongzhen seventeen years (1644) was destroyed by the fire. The existing temples were the scale after the restoration in the Qing Dynasty. On June 25, 2001, Zhongyue Temple, as an ancient building in the Qing Dynasty, was approved by the State Council to be included in the fifth batch of national key cultural relics protection units.

Songshan Shaolin Scenic Area

Shuyang Academy

It is located at the foot of Mount Taishan in Dengfeng City, Zhengzhou City, Henan Province. It is named after the sun in the mountains. Here, the mountain is surrounded by arches, the stream is long, the pines and cypresses are towering, and the elegant and quiet. When the Emperor Qianlong traveled to Lushan, he left the poem “The most beautiful scenery of the temple, the stone building is still remembered.” In the history of our country, the Shuyang Academy is famous for its science, and it is famous for its rich culture and cultural relics.

The Shuyang Academy is an ancient institution of higher learning in China. It is known as the Yingtian Academy in Shangqiu, Henan, the Yuelu Academy in Hunan, and the Bailudong Academy in Jiangxi. National key units.

Songshan Shaolin Scenic Area

Shaolin Kungfu

Shaolin Kungfu has the saying that “the world is working hard to get Shaolin, Shaolin Kungfu is the world”.

Shaolin Temple is the Zen ancestral home of Han Buddhism and is known as the “first temple in the world.” Shaolin Temple is famous for its pioneering Shaolin martial arts and its growing Shaolin Kungfu. It has the saying that “the world is working hard to get Shaolin and Shaolin Kungfu is the best in the world”. Speaking of martial arts, Shaolin Temple Kung Fu is always a topic of people, and even a frequent visitor to film and television dramas, whether it is “Shaolin Eighteen Copper Man”, “Shaolin 36 Houses”, “New Shaolin Temple”, “Shaolin Temple Legend”, Let everyone be full of yearning for Shaolin Wushu’s peerless efforts.

Shaolin Kungfu is the largest martial art system in the Han martial arts. There are more than 700 kinds of martial arts routines, and it is also known as “martial arts meditation” because of Zen martial arts, martial arts and meditation. The word “Shaolin” has become a symbol of Han traditional martial arts. Shaolin Kungfu includes Shaolin Seventy-two Stunts, Shaolin Boxing, Shaolin Pies, Shaolin Pai, Shaolin Pai, and Shaolin School.

In addition to the above-mentioned knives, guns, swords and sticks, the Shaolin martial arts weapons also have three forks (also known as large palladium in the south), convenient shovel, set of three rings, thorns, crescent shovel, and 戟镰, Xiu circle, Fang Tian painting , double hammer, big axe, double axe, three sticks, tip stick, seven-section whip, nine-section whip, double whip and so on. The Shaolin routine has empty-handed knives, empty-handed guns, single-handed guns, empty-handed scorpions, sticks, guns, grasshoppers, and sticks. Shaolin sent martial arts assaults: flash warfare, heart, tiger, dragon, phoenix, cross, chaos, scorpion, scorpion, stalk, stalk, peach, black The tiger sneaked into the heart, the old monkey moved the branch, the golden silk wrapped the law, the Yingmen iron fan, the paced gun, the lesser ghost guns and so on. Qigong is a large class of Shaolin Kungfu. The Qigong circulated in Shaolin Temple has “Yi Jin Jing”, “Xiao Wu Gong”, “Standing Piles”, “Yi Shou Yin and Yang Law”, “Family Qigong Qigong” and so on. There are many kinds of soft and hard kungfu training methods, such as unloading bone method, picking method, acupoint secret method, short-cut method, various medication methods, and treatment methods.

The essence of Shaolin Kung Fu is the integration of Zen and Wu. The Shaolin Temple is the ancestral hall of the Zen Buddhism. The Zen Buddhism is based on the understanding of the mind and the realization of the Buddha. In the eyes of Buddhism, meditation is the right way. Shaolin Kungfu is a descendant of the Master. The fists are the last skill. The monks only use the practice of martial arts to achieve the purpose of converging and mindfulness. At the same time, it also has a strong body and longevity effect. Here, I took a Polish photographer into the Shaolin Temple and took a close-up shot of the classic photos of Shaolin Wushu’s hard-working Kung Fu.

Songshan Shaolin Scenic Area

Travel Information

Ticket

80 yuan (including regular hospitalization, Sanhuangzhai, Chuzuo-Dharma Cave, Tallinn, Shaolin Temple Wushu Museum performance)
Free crowds: Children under 1.4 meters free of charge, free of charge for revolutionary disabled soldiers, active servicemen, disabled persons, 70 years old (including 70 years old) or older persons with valid documents;
Preferential policies: Half price discount for full-time students.

Religious etiquette

There are many famous temples on the Songshan Mountain. These are the main points that tourists love to visit. However, when you visit the temple, there are four taboos to keep in mind to avoid disputes and unhappiness.
Avoid calling improperly. The monks and Taoists of the temple should be called “teachers” or “masters”, and they should be called “elders”, “ablators” and “zen masters”. Avoid being called “outstanding family” or even other insulting names.
Jealousy is not appropriate. The common way of meeting with the monks is to put hands together, slightly bowing, or with one hand on the chest, the head is slightly lower, avoid using improper manners such as shaking hands, hugging, touching the head.
Avoid talking inappropriately. When talking with a human being, you should not mention the words of killing, the marriage, and the consumption of cockroaches, so as not to cause disgusting.
Avoid behavior and misconduct. When you visit the temple, you should not shout loudly, point to arguments, ridicule or arbitrarily walk around, tamper with temples, especially forcing the statues. If you encounter Buddhist activities, you should quietly sneak or quietly leave. At the same time, look after your child so that the child is not rude because of his ignorance.

Precautions

Because the threshold of the temple in Buddhism is exquisite, so don’t step on every threshold when visiting Shaolin Temple. It is said that stepping on the temple or the threshold of the temple will be unlucky; it is also said that the threshold is the forehead of Sakyamuni, and if it is stepped on, it is disrespectful to the Buddha. (So ​​for the blessing of Buddha, everyone still pays attention)
Visit the Shaolin Temple in Tallinn. When you take pictures, don’t take people and Tallinn together. Shaolin Temple is the tomb of Shaolin Temple.
When watching the martial arts performance, there will be a sip in the shopping mall next to it: “You can get a souvenir for free with the tickets in your hand”.
Shaolin Temple does not need to climb mountains, there are not many steps, so it is not too tired! After watching Tallinn return, if you are tired, you can take the battery car back in the scenic area, the battery fare is 10 yuan.
The ginkgo trees in the temple of Shaolin Temple are both monoecious, and there is only one single ginkgo tree for more than 1,500 years. It only blooms and is not called the Luohan tree. Young men and women who are not married must not Ginkgo tree takes a group photo. There are many small holes in the ginkgo tree. It is said that the monk of the Shaolin Temple was practiced by the King Kong Finger and the two-finger bullet.
There are 5 martial arts performances in Shaolin Temple, 9:30, 10:30, 11:30, 2:30, 3:30, and visitors who want to watch don’t miss the time;
The Dharma Cave is far from the Shaolin Temple (the statue of Dharma on the hill can be seen from the north of Shaolin Temple). Those with limited time are not recommended to visit.
The Tai Room in the south of Zhongyue Temple is the most complete one preserved in Han San Temple. Regrettably, the local government built a tile house outside the hustle and bustle, and the room was not included. Visitors don’t have to waste time to go sightseeing.

Tips

The Dengshan Shaolin Scenic Area consists of three scenic spots (Shaolin Scenic Area, Xiangyang Scenic Area, and Zhongyue Scenic Area);
The joint ticket is valid for two days, the Shaolin scenic spot must be played on the first day, and the Xiangyang scenic spot and Zhongyue scenic spot can be played the next day. Tickets must be valid in the Shaolin scenic spot;
Shaolin Scenic Spot includes attractions: Shaolin Temple is often hospitalized, Sanhuangzhai, Damo Cave, Martial Arts Hall, Tallinn, etc.;
Zhongyue Scenic Area includes attractions: Zhongyue Temple, Luya Waterfall, and Star Observatory;
The Xiangyang scenic spot includes attractions: Xiangyang Academy, Taimu Mountain Laomu Cave, Junji Peak, Huishan Temple, Fawang Temple, and Yuyue Temple Tower.

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