Geographic location:Luding County, Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province
Famous scenery:Hailuogou Scenic Area, Yanzigou Scenic Area
Climate type:Subtropical humid monsoon climate
Sichuan Hailuogou National Forest Park is located in Luding County, Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, 319 kilometers away from Chengdu and 49 kilometers away from Kangding. Located on the southeastern edge of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, the eastern slope of the main peak of Gongga Mountain (Gongga Mountain is located on the eastern edge of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, in the middle-south section of the Snowy Mountains, between the Dadu River and the Yalong River), about 29 kilometers from east to west. It is about 17 kilometers wide from north to south and covers an area of 350 square kilometers. Sichuan Hailuogou National Forest Park is a subtropical humid monsoon climate. It is one of the only low-altitude glaciers in the world. The types of forest vegetation are glaciers and virgin forests.
Sichuan Hailuogou National Forest Park is a national AAAAA-level tourist scenic spot, a national key scenic spot, a national forest park, a national nature reserve, a national geological park, and a glacier forest park.
During the Zhou and Qin Dynasties, Hailuogou was the place where the Yi people’s white wolf building lived. The Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty was under the jurisdiction of Guandu County.
Before the completion of the Luding Bridge in 1706, the ancient tea-horse road was mainly arrived at Kangding by the Rujia Town, and it also contributed to the prosperity of the ancient town of Moxi.
In the 1980s, the tourism development of Hailuogou was highly valued by the Party Central Committee.
On February 4, 1986, the Communist Party of China and the county people’s government decided to establish the “Haoding County Hailuogou Tourism Development Leading Group”. In November of the same year, the Sichuan Provincial People’s Government approved Gongga Mountain as a provincial-level scenic spot.
On October 15, 1987, Hailuogou Glacier Forest Hot Spring Park was opened.
On January 29, 1988, the Luding County People’s Government decided to establish the Luding County Tourism Administration Bureau, and Hailuogou Tourism Development was under its management.
In 1993, the Ministry of Forestry approved the establishment of the Hailuogou National Forest Park.
On May 25, 1994, the People’s Government of Sichuan Province approved the establishment of the Hailuogou Tourism Resort in Luding, Ganzi Prefecture, Sichuan Province, which was listed as a provincial-level resort. The management of Hailuogou Tourism Development was under the responsibility of the Management Committee. .
In 1998, the State Council approved the establishment of the Gongga Mountain National Nature Reserve.
In 2001, the Ministry of Land and Resources approved Hailuogou as a national-level geological park. In the same year, the National Tourism Administration approved the Hailuogou National Forest Park as an AAAA-level tourist area.
In May 2003, the Hailuogou Scenic Area Administration was established; in September of the same year, Moxi Town and Xinxing Township were placed under the management of the Hailuogou Scenic Area Tourism Administration.
In 2009, at the Boao Forum for Asia held jointly organized by the United Nations NGO World Harmony Foundation and the International Tourism Marketing Association, Sichuan Hailuogou National Forest Park was awarded the “International Ace Tourism Scenic Spot”.
In 2015, Ganzi Prefecture launched the “5A” activity of Hailuogou, and used the “A” standard to lead the global tourism promotion.
On February 16, 2017, Sichuan Hailuogou National Forest Park was rated as a national AAAAA level tourist attraction.
Sichuan Hailuogou National Forest Park is located on the southeastern edge of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, the eastern slope of the main peak of Gongga Mountain (Gongga Mountain is located on the eastern edge of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, in the middle-south section of the Snowy Mountains, between the Dadu River and the Yalong River). The administrative division is located in the junction of Shimian 4 counties in Luding, Kangding, Jiulong and Ya’an areas of Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Sichuan Province. The geographical position is between 29°20′～30°20′ north latitude and 101°30′～102°15′ east longitude, with an area of 350 square kilometers.
The type of landforms in the Hailuogou National Forest Park in Sichuan is complex: there are 4,900 meters above sea level above the snow line, cold weathered bare rock avalanche steep slopes, extremely alpine mountains, cold weathering, erosion, erosion, alpine mountains, erosion, subalpines, Zhongshan mountains, modern glaciers, ancient ice Platform, floodplain terraces. The vertical zoning of modern geomorphology is obvious: the height difference in Hailuogou National Forest Park is 6,470 meters, the altitude is below 3800 meters, and the climatic landform zone is 3,800~4900 meters. It acts as a climatic landform for ice and snow. The hail valley is relatively open: although the various ditches in the Hailuogou National Forest Park have experienced the erosion of many ancient glaciers, due to the high difference between the ditch bed and the two banks, the middle and lower reaches are still in the form of “V” valleys. Narrow, but the upper part of the hail valley is relatively open, including the glacial dam vacated by the modern glacier at the bottom of the valley and the ancient ice platform on both sides. The valley is 0.6-2 km wide. New tectonic geomorphology: including faulty inflections in the downstream valleys, faulted rock formations such as broken rocks hundreds of meters high in the middle and upper reaches, and the huge heights of the main peaks associated with the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau uplift, strong terrain contrast, and high snow-capped Waiting with the snow line. The modern sloping landforms are active: there are glacial movements and ablation, avalanches, rock collapses, landslides, mudslides, etc.
There are 9 types of soil in the Hailuogou National Forest Park in Sichuan, including red soil, mountain yellow brown soil, mountain brown soil, subalpine ash soil, cinnamon soil, subalpine meadow soil, alpine meadow soil and alpine cold desert soil.
Sichuan Hailuogou National Forest Park belongs to the alpine valley geomorphic area. The soil formation and preservation conditions are poor. Therefore, the soil layer is shallow, the texture is coarse, the vertical zoning is obvious, and there are many types. The Dadu River valley below 1300 meters, the terraces and the alluvial fan along the Bay East River are red soil, the slopes of 1300-2300 meters are mountain yellow brown soil, the slopes of 2300-2800 meters are mountain brown soil, leaching cinnamon soil and mountainous land. The transitional land between dark brown soils is jagged or inlaid with each other. The dark brown soil is developed in 2800-3400 meters, and the subalpine bleaching soil is developed in 3400-3700 meters. The slopes and valley bottoms below 3300 meters Cinnamon soil is developed, the shrub meadow above the forest line develops subalpine meadow soil, and alpine meadow soil is developed between subalpine meadow soil and alpine cold desert soil, above the alpine meadow belt, under the snow line Develop alpine cold desert soil.
Sichuan Hailuogou National Forest Park is located in the eastern subtropical warm and humid monsoon climate in eastern China. It is a subtropical mountainous humid monsoon climate. It is mainly affected by the southeast monsoon. It is humid and rainy, warm in winter and wet in summer, with many clouds and sunshine. less. At an altitude of 3,000 meters: the annual average temperature is 3.9 °C, the warmest monthly average temperature is 12.7 °C, the coldest month average is -4.5 °C, the annual difference is 17.2 °C, the annual maximum temperature is 23.3 °C, the annual minimum temperature is -14.5 °C, and the annual sunshine is 880.9. h, the percentage of sunshine is 20%, the annual precipitation is 1934.7 meters, the rainfall is mostly concentrated in May-October, the annual precipitation days are 260 days, and the annual average surface evaporation is 320 meters, accounting for 18.6% of the average annual precipitation.
Affected by topography and altitude, temperature and precipitation change significantly with altitude, showing significant vertical zone characteristics: subtropical climate below 2300 meters above sea level, warm climate in 2300-2900 meters, 2900-3800 meters The cold temperate climate, 3800-4200 meters belongs to the sub-cold climate, 4200-4900 meters is the cold zone climate, 4900 meters above the polar climate, the temperature decreases with the elevation, the temperature lapse rate is 0.67 °C / 100 meters, the precipitation with altitude Increase and increase, the annual precipitation increase rate is 67.5 meters / 100 meters, and there are two major precipitation belts, the altitude is 2900-3400 meters and 4700-5000 meters, the rainfall is 2000 meters and 3000 meters, 4000 meters respectively. Most of the above is solid precipitation throughout the year.
The Hailuogou National Forest Park in Sichuan is a typical maritime low-altitude glaciers. The glaciers are 14.7 kilometers long and have an area of 16 square kilometers. The highest altitude is 6750 meters, the lowest altitude is 2850 meters, and the drop is 3900 meters. The large ice waterfall on the glacier is 1,080 meters high and 1,100 meters wide. It is the highest and largest ice waterfall ever discovered in China, and is fifteen times the waterfall of Huangguoshu. The Hailuogou glacier tongue is 6 kilometers long and 0.4-0.7 kilometers wide. The maximum thickness is 100-130 meters. The glaciers were formed before 1600. The glacial fault zone of a glacier layer with a length of 100 meters, a depth of 5-10 meters and a width of 0.5-2 meters is spectacular.
The hot springs in the Hailuogou National Forest Park in Sichuan are characterized by high temperature, large flow and dense distribution. The hot water fur spring in the broad-leaved mixed forest belt is exposed at the late Gongga period of the hot water ditch (2580 meters above sea level). After preliminary test, the overflow water temperature is 77 °C (May)-90°. C (October), flow 103 L / s (October), PH value 6.7, salinity 0.9 g / L, silicic acid 138.0 m g / L, fluorine 2.6 m g / L, water colorless and transparent, no The odor and harmful ingredients belong to the high-quality medical hot mineral spring. The kilnping hot spring (1900 meters above sea level) overflows with water temperature 52°C-60°C, and the flow rate is 2.4-4L/s. It is also a medical mineral water.
There are many mountain lakes in Hailuogou National Forest Park in Sichuan, such as Caohaizi. The lakeside forest is dense, the grassland is beautiful, and the scenery is beautiful. Hailuogou National Forest Park has an ancient ice bucket at an altitude of 3,000 meters above sea level, and there are often glacial lakes in the ancient U-shaped valley.
Sichuan Hailuogou National Forest Park is rich in plant communities and rare plants. It has many rare and rare plant resources such as yew, Kangding Magnolia, Wild Osmanthus, Eyelash Ferns, Dendrobium, Lilium, Rock Cabbage, Jellyfish Snow Lotus, etc., including the species of indus (national first-class key protected plants), water green trees, and fragrant Tree, Star-leaf Grass, Unicorn, Eucommia, Asteraceae, Fragrant Fruit Tree (National Grade II Key Protected Plant), Long-tailed Fir, Maisuoshan, Lingchunmu, Magnolia, Xikang Mulan, Fan Fern, Big Leaf Willow , Trillium, Tianma, Taoerqi, Xueshangyi, Baixinshu, Dawang Dufu (national three-level key protected plants and other plants).
The animal resources of Sichuan Hailuogou National Forest Park are mainly forest animals and alpine animals. There are many rare animals and abundant resources. Rich forest resources provide an ideal habitat for a variety of wild animals. According to incomplete statistics, there are 69 species of 31 species of wild mammals, 167 species of 43 families of birds, and 10 species of 5 families of reptiles in Hailuogou National Forest Park. There are 4 species in 3 families of amphibians. Among them, there are 11 national first-class protected animals such as wildebeest, giant panda, golden monkey, white-lipped deer, green-tailed rainbow trout, black-necked crane, etc., short-tailed macaque, macaque, white-hip deer, goral, rock sheep, bloody, red A variety of national secondary protected animals such as ventral horns, white-bellied pheasants, and leeches. In addition, there are precious butterfly species such as conch butterfly and three-tailed brown butterfly in the ditch.
Water energy resources
The water system of the Hailuogou National Forest Park in Sichuan belongs to the Dadu River system, and the tributary of Hailuogou is included in the Moxi River. The tributary of the Moxi River flowing through the Hailuogou National Forest Park area is a glacier-type river source. The Moxi River flows into the Dadu River through the Great Ukko, from the Golden Light and the Prosperous. The Moxi River has a total length of 43 kilometers and 26 tributaries. The drainage area is 923 thousand cubic meters. The first and last drop is 3,000 meters, the ratio is 51.3‰, the average annual flow is 23.26 cubic meters per second, and the dry water is 9 cubic meters per second. The amount is 190,000 kilowatts.
Sichuan Hailuogou National Forest Park consists of six scenic spots including Hailuogou, Yanzigou, Mozigou, Nanmenguangou, Yajiatun and Moxitai. It is the fascinating picture and fascinating of Gongga Mountain, the king of Lushan. The “Shambhala Portal” is the Dongdaemun and tourist destination of the Shangri-La Eco-tourism Zone in Sichuan, Yunnan and Tibet. It is the leading scenic spot of Kangding Love Song. The scenic spot has mountain glaciers, big ice waterfalls, ecological vegetation landscape and redstone. Parks, snowy hot springs and other landscapes, the most unique Kham style.
Main scenic spot
Hailuogou Scenic Area
Hailuogou Scenic Area is located in Moxi Town, Luding County, Sichuan Province, on the eastern slope of Gongga Mountain. It is a very high mountain on the eastern edge of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Located at the foot of Gongga Snow Peak, Hailuogou is famous for its low-altitude modern glaciers. The crystal-clear modern glaciers pour down from the high valleys; huge ice caves and steep ice bridges make people into the mythical Crystal Palace. The Big Ice Waterfall is more than 1,000 meters high and about 1100 meters wide. The ditch contains a large flow of boiling hot and cold mineral springs.
Yanzigou Scenic Area
The Yanzigou Scenic Area is the sister ditch of Hailuogou. It is located more than 10 kilometers northwest of Hailuogou. There are 15 peaks of 5,000 meters or more around it, extending from 2100 meters above sea level to the main peak of Gongga Mountain at 7556 meters. The Yanzigou scenic area maintains intact forests, wetlands, humus layers, shrubs, and towering trees, which together constitute a complete wetland forest ecosystem. There are red stone ditch and stone in the strange ditch in the swallow ditch, and a large area of colored forest. Yanzigou is also a famous international mountaineering tourist route. Most of the athletes who climbed Gongga Mountain set up a base camp here.
Mozigou Scenic Area
The Mozigou scenic area is surrounded by mountains on three sides, and one side is a cliff. Only one small road can enter the Mozigou from the outside. Inside the Mozigou is a cascade of stepped waterfalls, and there is a nude bath under the waterfall.
Nanmenguangou Scenic Area
The Nanmenguangou Scenic Area is a valley in the Gongga Mountain Scenic Area, within the Xinxing Township Village, which is only about 10 kilometers away from Hailuogou. There are many glaciers and snow-capped mountains in the scenic spot, and there are winding red-stone dams at the bottom. Nanmenguangou is the only valley in the Gonggaqun that has been discovered that has not been cut down by humans and still preserves its original features. It is a paradise hidden among the peaks of Gongga.
Yajiatun Scenic Area
Yajiatun Scenic Spot is the boundary mountain of Kangding and Luding counties. The scenic spot is known as “China Alpine Botanical Garden” and “China Red Stone Park”. The scenic spots include rare animals and plants, red stone valley, mountain lake, Xuefeng, Huahai, Chama Ancient Road Site, Wilson Trail, Millennium Suspension, Small Panda, “Xikang Mulan” and so on.
Moxi ancient said that the west side of the mill, the original descendants of the Yi people grind some people’s settlements, began in the ancient Gangering ancient roads to make Moxi become a prosperous town on the Sichuan-Tibet channel. Moxi Terrace is located on the eastern slope of Gongga, a terrace on the bank of the Moxi River, named after the Moxi River and Moxi Town. Moxitai is located in Ganzi Prefecture, Sichuan Province, within the famous scenic tourist area Hailuogou Glacier Forest Park and Gongga Mountain National Geological Park.
Sichuan Hailuogou National Forest Park ticket price: 90 yuan / person
Hailuogou scenic spot ticket (two-way): 70 yuan / person
Hailuogou Scenic Area Cableway Ticket (two-way): 150 yuan / person
Scenic ticket discount policy
Children under 1.2 meters in height (subject to the guardian’s) will enjoy the ticket for the scenic spot.
Children over 1.2 meters tall (must be accompanied by guardians), enjoy the preferential policy of 60 yuan / person for scenic spots.
National primary and middle school students (university, high school, junior high school, primary school) with the student ID card, enjoy the preferential policy of 60 yuan / person in the scenic spot.
Special crowd preferential policy
Active military personnel holding the “Public Officials’ Certificate”, “School Officer’s Card” and “Soldier’s Card” of the People’s Republic of China enjoy free tickets for scenic spots.
Non-active casualty soldiers are required to hold the “Ministry of the People’s Republic of China Disabled Military Personnel” issued by the Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People’s Republic of China. Active casualty soldiers are required to present their current service certificates at the same time and enjoy the tickets for the scenic spots.
Persons with disabilities who hold the “People’s Republic of China Disabled Person’s License” of the Ministry of Civil Affairs, physically disabled persons may not show their credentials and enjoy the ticket for the scenic spot.
Chengdu – Ya’an – Asbestos – Moxi Town
From Moxi Town, you can directly enter Sichuan Hailuogou National Forest Park. There are four camps in the scenic area, all of which are connected by special sightseeing cars, and each camp is far away. Camps 1 and 2 can be used for accommodation and hot springs. The sightseeing bus departs from Camp No. 1, passes through Camp No. 2, Camp No. 3, and finally arrives at Camp No. 4. When the sightseeing car arrives at the No. 4 cableway, you can choose to take the cableway or you can choose to walk on the observation deck of the No. 4 camp.