Geographic location:Linhe Town, Lingwu City, Yinchuan City, Ningxia
Famous scenery:Shuidonggou Site Museum, Zhangsan Xiaodian, Shuidonggou Village
Suitable for the play season:Suitable for all seasons
Ningxia Shuidonggou Tourist Scenic Spot is the earliest excavated Paleolithic cultural relics in China. It is known as “the birthplace of Chinese prehistoric archaeology” and “historical witness of cultural exchanges between China and the West” and is listed as “the most Chinese civilization significance”. One of the archaeological discoveries. It is a national key cultural relics protection unit, a national AAAAA level tourist scenic spot, and a national geological park. Won the silver medal of “China’s 50 most worthy foreigners to go”. China’s only preserved the most complete three-dimensional military defense system of the Great Wall. At the 2018 China Northwest Tourism Marketing Conference and Tourism Equipment Exhibition, it was shortlisted for the “Magic Northwest 100 Scenes” list.
Shuidonggou Site Tourist Area is located in Linhe Town, Lingwu City, Ningxia, 19 kilometers west of Yinchuan City, 30 kilometers south of Lingwu City and 11 kilometers away from Hedong Airport. It is located at the core of Yinchuan Hedong Tourism Belt and connects with Erdos City of Inner Mongolia in the north. It is the link connecting Ningmeng tourism and covers an area of 14.4 square kilometers.
The unique Yadan landform of Shuidonggou has created more than 20 unique landscapes such as Devil City, Cyclone Cave, Lituo Ridge, Ferris Cliff, Broken Cloud Valley and Weiliugou. It records the human life of 30,000 years ago. Activity track. The ancient Great Wall three-dimensional military defense system consisting of “Dacheng Dabian”, Qiduntai, Chengcheng Fortress, and Tibetan Soldier Caves has become a relatively complete military defense building in China.
A sacred place where humanity flourished 30,000 years ago. In 1923, the French paleontologists De Rijin and Sang Zhihua discovered prehistoric cultural sites here. Through excavation, a large number of stone vessels and animal fossils were unearthed. The water cave ditch thus became the earliest ancient human cultural site in the Paleolithic era in China. . At the 2018 China Yellow River Tourism Conference, Shuidonggou was rated as “50 Scenes of the Yellow River in China”.
Ningxia Shuidonggou Tourist Area is located in Linhe Town, Lingwu City, Yinchuan City, the capital of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. It is 19 kilometers west of Yinchuan City, 30 kilometers south of Lingwu City and 11 kilometers away from Hedong Airport. It is located at the core of the Yinchuan Hedong Tourism Belt. The city of Erdos in Inner Mongolia is a link connecting Ningmeng and Mongolia, covering an area of 7.8 square kilometers.
Shuidonggou is located on the southern edge of the Ordos platform. The Yadan landform created by nature makes it full of majestic and peculiar valley charm. It has experienced thousands of years of wind and sand eroding. It is concentrated in the Devil City, the Hutuo Ridge and the Motian Cliff. More than 20 scenic spots in the forests such as Broken Valley and Taliuwan.
Shuidonggou is a temperate continental climate and belongs to the temperate arid climate zone in the national natural division. Although it is deeply inland in northwestern China, it has the characteristics of drought, less rain, strong evaporation, large temperature difference between cold and heat, sufficient sunshine, more wind and sand, long winter cold, short summer heat, late spring warm, early autumn and early weather disasters. It also creates the ultimate, thorough and tough character of this water and soil.
In 1919, the Belgian missionary Kent landed in the “Zhang Sanxiaodian” when he passed through the water cave.
Kent found a rhinoceros skull fossil and a hand-made quartz rock on the water hole ditch. I met Sang Zhihua, a French geological paleontologist in Tianjin, and told Sang Zhihua about her discovery in Ningxia.
In June 1923, Sang Zhihua and the famous scholar De Rijin came to Shuidonggou after completing an inspection of parts of Gansu. On the edge of the cliff, mammalian fossils exposed on the surface were found. A 12-day exploratory excavation began in this way. A total of more than 300 kilograms of stone products and animal fossils were discovered, including stone cores, scrapers and sharps.
In the summer of 1960, the Sino-Soviet paleontology joint expedition team entered the Shuidonggou and conducted a second excavation of the site.
In 1963, Qi Wenzhong, known as the “father of Chinese Paleolithic archaeology”, personally led the team and conducted a third excavation.
In 1980, the archaeological excavation of the Shuidonggou by the Ningxia Museum and the Ningxia Geological Bureau combined with the archaeological team was the fourth.
From 2003 to 2007, dozens of experts and scholars carried out a new round of archaeological excavations with great hope. This time, it was jointly organized by the Ningxia Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. This archaeological project has the largest number of participants, the longest duration, the largest excavation range, and the most fruitful harvest. This time, not only mobilized advanced equipment such as GPS locators, total stations, cameras, etc., but also invited experts in geology, chronology, paleoanthropology, and paleoenvironment to discuss and teach on the spot, and their archaeological achievements were particularly attractive. Attention.
From June 10th to July 10th, 2014, the 4th Cultural Tourism Festival and the 6th archaeological excavation were held at the Shuidonggou Site in Ningxia. Experts from the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Ningxia Archaeological Institute conducted archaeological excavations on the Shuidonggou site.
During the 90 years of discovery in Shuidonggou, prehistoric archaeologists such as Yan Wenzhong, Jia Lanpo, and Chinese Academy of Sciences academician Liu Dongsheng and other famous experts have come to explore or inspect, experts from the United States, South Korea, France, Japan, Russia and other countries have come from afar.
The Shuidonggou area is also a large-scale military defense building such as the Great Wall, the ruins, the castles, the gullies, the piers and the piers of the Ming Dynasty in northern China. In the protected area, the Great Wall, the towering piers, the quaint and mysterious castles, and the deep and deep gullies that are going to the east are fascinating, and it is thought that “A sergeant has a spear and a general.” The heroic scene.
The Shuidonggou tourist area has become a tourist area integrating tourism, scientific investigation, recreation and military exploration. With the opening of the Shuidonggou Site Museum and the Ningxia Great Wall Museum in 2009, the Shuidonggou Scenic Area will add new highlights.
The Shuidonggou Site Museum is built in the shape of a stone sarcophagus unearthed from the Shuidong Ditch. The building area is 4,308 square meters. The Shuidonggou Site Museum is in the form of sculptures, panels, projections, cultural relics and explanations. You can understand the origin of human evolution, the rise of Shuidonggou culture and the five archaeological excavations of Shuidonggou site. At the same time, there are 12 minutes of dynamic performances, let us experience the original production of 30,000 years ago. Scenes of life and forced migration when faced with flash floods and landslides.
Real experience crazy man
The Real Experience Pavilion combines high-tech, artistic and literary elements to make the time and historical scenes of the year go back. Let you witness the ancient water-dong ditch from the lush vegetation, animal groups, climate change, environmental degradation, water hole The ditch people have to go far away from the process of getting home. Experience the collection, hunting, sacrifice, love, and prey of ancestors around the ancestors of 30,000 years ago, and the production and life scenes of singing and dancing, as well as the torrential rain, floods, earthquakes and other disasters. Scenes. Restore the interpretation through high-tech realistic, and take you through the space and time distance of 30,000 years.
In 1923, when a melodious camel bell came from a distance, the owner of a car shop named Zhang Sanxiaodian knew that there must be a guest coming from afar. Therefore, the owner Zhang San and his wife stood at the door early to greet them. The two were yellow-blue-eyed foreigners. Later, Zhang San and his wife learned that they were French paleontologists De Rijin and Sang Zhihua. They were from this time. Tianjin departed along the Yellow River for inspection. When passing through the Shuidonggou, it was already in the Zhangsan store due to the lateness of the weather.
There are four statues in the courtyard. They are the French paleontologists De Rijin, Sang Zhihua, Chinese archaeologists Qi Wenzhong and Mr. Jia Lanpo. These are all outstanding people who have made great contributions to the archaeological excavation of Shuidonggou.
The ancient Shuidonggou Village was created by the ancestors of the North in a cave-like and crypt-style living room. This type of living room is often built on the thicker slopes or gullies of the loess layer. It has the characteristics of warm winter and cool summer. On this basis, the Shuidonggou people improved this way of living and developed into a semi-terrane construction. The method is to first dig a certain depth of crypt on the loess slope, and then use the adobe (pī) barrier wall to reach a certain height on the foundation of the crypt, and then use the 桁(xíng) strip. The raft is topped, the firewood is added, and the firewood is covered with mud to prevent water leakage. Shuidonggou Village is such an ancient semi-terrane-style gathering village site. The people in the northwestern region of China are called “land nests”. There are 29 crypt-type building sites in the Shuidonggou Village settlement. We have chosen some of them to recover, so that we can intuitively understand the living patterns of the ancestors.
The Shuidonggou tourist area has a three-kilometer-long reed valley, and the reeds in the reed valley are swaying and swaying, walking in the middle of the road, intoxicated in the hustle and bustle, and the mood is quiet at the moment. The lake covers an area of nearly 300,000 square meters. Among them, there are 4 original ecological wooden bridges on the lake, two pavilions, and a hundred birds in the reeds. The green lake, crisp bird songs and beautiful pictures are good places for recreation. The green waters of Hongshan Lake are rippling, the cruises are coming, the Great Wall of the waterfront is rare, and you can see the majestic ancient Great Wall on the cruise ship. When you have not yet walked out of the fairy tale world of the Tulin landscape, you will get off the dock and fall into a paradise, that is, the sand jujube bay in the scenic area. The jujube trees in the sand-sand-grass bay are clustered. When the jujube flowers bloom in June and July, the bursts of fragrance will make you forget.
Ming Great Wall
The Ming Dynasty military three-dimensional defense system in the Shuidonggou ruins tourist area is composed of the Ming Great Wall, the Tibetan Bing Cave, the Side Ditch, the Grand Canyon, Hongshan Fort, and Yucheng.
The Ming Great Wall in the tourist area is the Tuyu Great Wall, which is the most intact section of the Great Wall in Ningxia. The Great Wall of the Great Wall from the west of the Ming Great Wall to the Yellow River is called the intersection of the two dragons and the east reaches the salt pond. Standing on the Great Wall and looking around, the Mu Us Desert in the north and the Shuidonggou Scenic Area in the south have a panoramic view.
Shuidonggou Great Wall Observation Deck
The Shuidonggou Great Wall Observation Deck is a Great Wall Observation Deck that spans two provinces. In the Shuidonggou tourist area, you can walk in the foot of the Ming Great Wall, or board the newly built Great Wall Observation Deck. You can cross the two provinces and stand on the Great Wall. The Mu Us Desert in the north is a strong desert in the northwest. In the south of the Shuidonggou, the lake wetland, Gaoxia Pinghu show the beauty of the south of the Yangtze River, giving you a different experience.
The Shuidonggou Great Wall Observation Deck is the best place to see the beautiful scenery of the Shuidonggou Grand Canyon and the Luhua Valley. Standing on the observation deck, the gully is vertical and horizontal, and the unique landscape of the soil is as if it is at the foot, and it falls straight into the depths of the canyon. The whole piece of green reeds swayed in the wind, and the scenery was spectacular; sometimes the wild pigeons flew, the red-billed ducks screamed, and the spring water creaked and gathered into the stream.
Over the Great Wall, it is 500 years ago, the monks and whales who cultivated the habitat, the Mongolian wild grasslands that rushed to the battlefield, experienced the wild and unrestrained life of the Mongolians in the vast wild grasslands, and made a pure Mongolian. Exciting entertainment such as wild grassland desert surf cars, wild grassland camel riding, desert karts, etc. are waiting for you!
Ascending the top of the dam, we present another unique landscape of “Gaoxia Out of Pinghu”. This lake is called “Hongshan Lake” because it is located in the Hongshan area. “Hongshan Lake” is also formed by accumulating water in the side ditch. During the flood season, the lake surface can extend more than 2 km to the east in the canyon. There are often eagle cranes flying over the water. There are crickets, wild ducks swimming in the water, and wild grasses in the mountains. The scenery is very beautiful.
In the red mountain lake where you can ride the boat, you can watch the Great Wall of the Waterfront and experience the harmonious coexistence between the people and the waterfowl; the Great Wall and the cliffs reflect the water; the blue sky and white clouds reflect the different tastes of the water. This combination of nature and man, the combination of history and culture and today’s ecology and organic combination of the Jiangnan landscape is really rare. It can be said that “the boat is on the blue waves and people are in the middle of the painting.”
From Shuidonggou to Hongshanbao, there is a canyon about 4 kilometers long. It was a “masterpiece” of nature, but in the Ming Dynasty, it became an important part of the Great Wall’s “deep trench high barrier” defense system. On both sides of the gorge, the wind and rain are often eroded, the gully is vertical and horizontal, and the deep loess is washed by long-term rain. The soil column is sturdy and has a strange shape, forming a “soil”. “Tulin” has been shaped like a singularity by nature. Some people like to look up and look forward to coming; some are like a pair of lovers, and they are close to each other; some are like husband and wife, the two sides worship, Lin Lin always has their own form, giving people endless delusions. . On the cliffs on both sides of the canyon, there are Tibetan soldiers built by the Ming Dynasty soldiers, which fully demonstrates the military wisdom and intelligence of the ancient people.
Tibetan soldier cave
A black hole on the cliffs on both sides of the canyon is the famous “Tibetan Cave”. The so-called Tibetan Soldier Cave is the Red Mountain Fortress who is transferred from the ground to the ground, concealing the army, protecting himself, waiting for an opportunity to attack, or in an open space. Set the tunnel of the ambush. This is a relatively complete ancient three-dimensional military defense system in China. In the Great Wall defense system of our country, the defense system that closely links the Great Wall, the castle and the underground Tibetan soldiers is unique in the country. The strange Tibetan soldiers are more than 10 meters above the bottom of the ditch. They are twisted and twisted on the top of the hanging wall. They are connected up and down, connected to the left and right. There are quite a lot of forks in the hole, and the circle is hovering around. It is like a labyrinth for a long time. There are rooms, food storage rooms, water wells, stoves, weapons warehouses, gunpowder warehouses, forts, traps, and hidden holes in the cave.
Since the stone wares of the European Moss and Orina cultures have been unearthed in the Shuidonggou site, they are very similar to the stone wares unearthed in the West. Some scholars have proposed the Shuidonggou culture “Western”. . Similarly, there are a large number of stone products with small stoneware traditions in northern China in some places and surface areas of Shuidonggou, and there is some correlation with the North China fine stone culture at the same time or later. These two types of culture support the “native Origin says.”
A large number of archaeological findings indicate that Shuidonggou was rich in water resources, animal and plant resources three or four thousand years ago, and it also has superior production and living conditions. According to the high-star researcher of the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, about 40,000 years ago, a group of ancestors who lived in the Altai region of Siberia were forced by the cold of the ice age and moved to the water cave. Borrowing interest, and using the technology already mastered, made a lot of sharp stone tools on the spot.
The full package of Shuidonggou includes: the exhibition hall of the Shuidonggou Site Museum, the real experience of the museum, the Zhangsan Xiaodian, the Shuidonggou Village, the Shuidonggou Mark Monument, the Shuidonggou Site Excavation Site, the Luhua Valley, the Ming Great Wall, Attractions such as the Grand Canyon and the Tibetan Soldier Cave. The project includes: cruise ships, carriages or bamboo poles, camel cars, sightseeing cars.
Children under 1.2 meters are exempt from the ticket; military personnel (including decommissioning), the elderly, and disabled persons are exempted from tickets with valid certificates, and half of the tickets for student ID cards;
Depart from Yinchuan – Go straight to the new river 203 provincial highway – turn right to Shuidonggou tunnel – turn left to 103 provincial road – drive 4 km to Shuidonggou tourist area
Departure from Yinchuan→Dalian Square→ Yinqing Expressway→ Shuidonggou Exit→ Shuidonggou