Geographic location:Central China, western Hubei Province
Famous scenery:Shennongding, scenery, big and small dragon pool
Suitable for the play season:Summer, autumn
Shennongjia Scenic Area is a world geopark, national AAAAA-level tourist scenic spot, National Geological Park, National Forest Park, National Wetland Park, National Nature Reserve, China’s top ten forest parks, and selected into the World Biosphere Protection Network.
Shennongjia is a tall mountainous area with a group of peaks in the western part of Hubei Province. It is located between the Yangtze River and Hanshui River, with a radius of 3,250 square kilometers. It is said that the ancient Shennong was named after the mountain planting medicine. The peaks of the scenic spots are all above 3,000 meters above sea level, which is called the “Central China Ridge”. It is a forest eco-tourism area with the theme of green and subalpine natural scenery, diverse flora and fauna, and the harmonious coexistence of man and nature.
The main attractions of Shennongjia include Shennongding, scenery, slab rock, watchtower, Xiaolongtan, Dalongtan, Jinhualing, etc. It is famous for its originality and mystery. The area is deep and dense, with dense forests and complex climate. The scenery is charming. The unique natural environment and human history have created an extremely rich and precious natural and cultural landscape. It also bred a tourist environment with a pleasant scenery and a beautiful scenery. It is known as the “Shen Nong Tian Yuan”.
Shennongjia is surrounded by mountains, peaks and peaks; canyons are carved, odd caves are natural; cliffs are waterfalls, Jinshi streams; deep mountains and old forests, clouds and fogs, mountain plains, blue sea long days, constitute a landscape painting, one A poetry gallery. With its strong charm, it attracts countless Chinese and foreign tourists and becomes a unique tourist attraction.
On July 17, 2016, the 40th World Heritage Conference held in Istanbul, Turkey, listed China’s Hubei Shennongjia as a World Heritage List, and the number of World Heritage projects in China reached 50.
Shennongjia is located at the junction of the second and third steps, in the western border of Hubei Province, east of Baokang County, Liyang City, Hubei Province; west of Wushan County, Chongqing; south of the Three Gorges; north near Wudang, geographical location is unique.
Shennongjia is located on the eastern edge of the second step of China’s terrain. The remaining mountains of the Daba Mountain Range form a mid-alpine landscape. The mountain is tall and gradually descends from the southwest to the northeast. Shennongjia has an average elevation of 1,700 meters. The peaks are more than 1,500 meters, including 6 peaks above 3,000 meters above sea level, more than 20 peaks above 2,500 meters above sea level, and the highest peak Shennongding is 3105.4 meters above sea level (modified to 3106.2 meters on September 21, 2011), becoming the first in Central China. One peak, Shennongjia is therefore known as the “Central China Ridge”. The Shizhu River in the southwest is only 398 meters above sea level, the lowest point in the country, with a relative height difference of 2708.2 meters.
Shennongjia is located in the mid-latitude north subtropical monsoon region. The temperature is cold and rainy. The annual average temperature is 12 °C, and the annual precipitation is 900-1000 mm. For every 100 meters rise in altitude, the seasons vary by 3 to 4 days. Due to the alternating influence of the hot and humid southeast monsoon and the dry and cold continental high pressure throughout the year, and the adjustment of heat and precipitation by alpine forests, it forms a pleasant climate with no heat in summer and no cold in winter. It is located in the mid-latitude north subtropical monsoon region, controlled by the atmospheric circulation, the temperature is cold and rainy, and the three climatic zones of low mountains, Zhongshan and subalpines are formed with the elevation. The annual precipitation is also from low to high, ranging from 761.4 to 2500 mm. Therefore, the three-dimensional climate is very obvious. The climate of Shennongjia rises by 100 meters with altitude, and the temperature is about 1 °C, and the seasons differ by 3 to 4 days. With the increase of altitude, there are many climate types such as warm temperate zone, middle temperate zone and cold tidal zone. The temperature in different locations in the country ranges from a minimum of 20 °C in winter to a maximum of 37 °C in summer. From the end of September to April of the following year, it is the frosty period of Shennongjia. The three-dimensional microclimate of Shennongjia is obvious, and the phenomenon of “sunny rain on the west side of the east” often occurs. Its climate has changed a lot in time and space. There are “June Snow, October Frost, and Four Seasons a Day”.
Shennongjia is famous for its originality and mystery. The mountains and valleys are deep, the forests are dense, the climate is complex and varied, and the four seasons are charming. The unique natural environment and human history have created an extremely rich and precious natural and cultural landscape, and have also fostered a pleasant and beautiful tourism environment.
Landform landscape: There are mainly red stone ditch, Changyanwu, Honghuaying, Shennongding, Shennong Valley, Yinhe River Grand Canyon, Shennongjia Group Shicaohe Group geological wonders, Dazhai Bay Grand Canyon, Jinsiyan Cave and other landscapes. Hydrological landscape: Shennongjia Mountain is tall and dense with vegetation. It is a huge reservoir. The mountains and rivers are densely covered with valleys. The deep pools, rapids, and waterfalls show different waters. There are mainly landscapes such as Pingyu Reservoir, Maitingping Reservoir, Dalongtan, Shicao River, Jiuchong River, Jinhualing Mountain and Sanlian Waterfall.
Biological landscape: There are mainly mysterious virgin forests, alpine meadows, arrow bamboo forests, rhododendrons, vines, ancient and famous trees, precious Chinese herbal medicines, golden monkeys, albino animals and other landscapes.
Meteorological landscape: There are mainly clouds, sunrise, Buddha light, winter snow and other landscapes.
Shennongjia National Nature Reserve
Shennongjia National Nature Reserve is located in the southwest of Shennongjia Forest Region in Hubei Province. It has a total area of 70,467 hectares and is divided into two parts. The east is centered on Laojun Mountain and covers an area of 10,467 hectares. The western part is centered on the size of Shennongjia and covers an area of 60,000 hectares.
The Shennongjia National Nature Reserve is rich in biological species. The forest coverage rate is 98%. There are a variety of vegetation types such as evergreen broad-leaved forest, evergreen deciduous broad-leaved mixed forest, deciduous broad-leaved forest, coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forest, coniferous forest, shrub, arrow bamboo and alpine meadow. The epitome of the main vegetation types from subtropical to cold temperate zones. According to incomplete statistics, there are 3,216 species of high-quality vascular plants in the protected area, including 493 species of wild mammals, birds, fish and amphibians, and 4,143 species of insects. Among them, 73 species of animals such as golden monkeys and golden eagle are listed as national key protected animals. 259 species of wild animals that are beneficial to the state or have important economic and scientific value. There are 6 peaks above 3000 meters above sea level in the reserve, which constitutes the “Huazhong Roof” and is the watershed of the Yangtze River and Hanshui Rivers in Hubei Province. The highest peak Shennongding, with an altitude of 3105.4 meters, is the “first peak in Central China”.
Shennongding Scenic Area
Shennongding Scenic Area is located in the southwest of Shennongjia. It is centered on the preserved ecological environment of the nature reserve. It is based on the Three Gorges double god line and features forest ecosystems and biodiversity. It is based on the harmonious coexistence of man and nature. The natural eco-tourism area is also a demonstration ecological landscape area built by the national forestry department. In 2002, it was rated as a 4A-level scenic spot by the National Tourism Administration. The scenic area is 1.057 million mu. The six peaks with an altitude of over 3,000 meters together form the Huazhong ridge, which becomes the watershed in the Yangtze River and Hanshui. It protects the environment and purifies the air. Important functions such as soil and water conservation, its vertical characteristics of plants, its main attractions: Xiaolongtan, Jinhualing, Shennong Valley, slate rock, watchtower, Prince Edward and so on.
Xiaolongtan is a comprehensive service area integrating eating, living, traveling, traveling, purchasing and entertainment. There is a wildlife rescue station and a golden monkey dynamic video hall.
The golden monkey ridge is 3019.4 meters above sea level, with an area of about 5 square kilometers, with an average elevation of about 2,500 meters. The highest point is one of the six pillar peaks of the “Central China Ridge”. It is the main activity area of the Golden Monkey in Shennongding Scenic Area, and is also a typical representative of Shennongjia’s hundreds of thousands of acres of virgin forest.
Shennong Valley is 2,785 meters above sea level. It is connected to the first peak in Central China in the east, the Shennongjia in the west, the Golden Monkey Ridge in the north, and the Banqiao River in the south. There is a saying that “the mountain is less than the Shennong Valley, which is equal to the Shennongjia”.
The slab rock is 2,590 meters above sea level and is named after the steep slope of the mountain. It is also a place where “wild people” often appear. The slate rock attraction is a typical alpine vegetation primitive ecological distribution area, with alpine meadows, arrow bamboo, alpine rhododendrons, virgin forests and different types of stone forests. The clusters of alpine rhododendrons on the hillside are scattered on a meadow like a velvet. The breeze starts, and the large arrow bamboo forest rolls like a wave, and the sound is continuous. The forest has also repeatedly found the footprints, hair and feces of the “wild man”.
The observation tower was built on the Mount Wangnong on the northern slope of the Great Shennongjia, with an elevation of 2949.7 meters. The tower was completed on October 1, 1985. The tower is 13 meters high and has a reinforced concrete structure. It was originally an auxiliary facility for forest fire prevention and forest pest observation in nature reserves, providing services for tourists.
Dalongtan Golden Monkey Protection and Research Base
The golden monkey is a rare and precious primate in China. It is listed as a national Grade I protected animal and one of the most beautiful and precious animals in the world. Shennongjia golden monkey is the most eastern golden monkey in China. It is the smallest species in the country, with the lowest genetic diversity and the most research and conservation value.
Dalongtan is 2,300 meters above sea level and is one of the natural habitats of Shennongjia Golden Monkey. The Dalongtan Golden Monkey Protection Research Base was established on April 15, 2005. On January 28, 2007, it was approved by the Science and Technology Department of Hubei Province as the Hubei Golden Monkey Protection Research Center. The main task is to monitor the golden monkeys for a long time and master the trend of their populations. To provide a scientific basis for the effective protection of golden monkeys. After the establishment of the research base, on the basis of years of research on golden monkeys, a group with the least number (105) and reasonable structure (small population consisting of 8 families and 1 whole male unit) was selected for long-term follow-up study.
In 2009, Shennongjia National Forest Park voted to be ranked as “China’s Top Ten Forest Parks” in the “China’s Most Beautiful Destinations”. Tianyan Scenic Area is located in the northwest of Shennongjia, with a controlled area of 110 square kilometers and a planned development area of 55.18 square kilometers. The average elevation of the scenic spot is 2,200 meters. It is named after the swallows in the north and the Tianmen in the south. It is based on the original forest scenery, with the legend of Shennong and the simple mountain culture as the connotation. It combines Qishu, Qihua, Qidong and the folk customs of the mountains and folks to reflect the original theme of ancient and ancient. The original ecotourism area. It is an eco-tourism area under construction in China and a demonstration base for biodiversity in Asia. It is a national eco-tourism demonstration area with national key investment. In 2002, it was rated as a 4A-level scenic spot by the National Tourism Administration. Its main attractions: Yanzi Cave, Yantian Feidu, Liu Xiangzhai, Xiantao Peak, Zizhu River Primitive Forest, Yunhai Foguang, Huixian Bridge, Niutong Cave, Savage Cave. The mouth of the swallow cave is 2,400 meters above sea level, and the main tunnel is 3.7 kilometers long. The spring water in the cave is constantly flowing. It is perennial with tens of thousands of short-nosed swiftlets, which is a typical representative of hundreds of strange caves on Shennongjia. Yantian Feidu is an all-steel viewing bridge. This steel bridge has a high altitude and a large span. It is the highest viewing bridge in Asia. Standing on the viewing bridge, the entire swallows are unobstructed, and the forest vegetation in the Zizhu River Valley is unobstructed.
The Tianmeng Scenic Area was named after the great ancestor of the Chinese nation, Emperor Shennong, who took the medicine and relieved the Limin, thus moving the Emperor and finally rising its name across the crane. The mouth of the mouth is 2,328 meters above sea level, which is the highest point of the 209 national highway in Hubei Province. Here, the cliffs are lined up, the peaks are strange, the gullies are vertical and horizontal, and the upper and lower elevations are as high as 1,500 meters. The Chinese Science and Technology Association’s Shennong outdoor sports base has settled here. In 2004, the China Science and Adventure Association’s Singular and Rare Animals Committee established a permanent Shennongjia research base.
Hongping Scenic Area is a scientific research area featuring the magical valley scenery and the ancient alpine ancient human ruins. In 2002, it was rated as a 4A level scenic spot by the National Tourism Administration. Main attractions: Ancient Rhinoceros Ancient Human Site, Hongping Painting Profile, Painted Valley Scenic Area, Mustang River, etc. Among them, the ancient rhinoceros cave ancient human ruins belong to the human ruins in the middle Paleolithic period (about 100,000 years ago). There are more than a thousand pieces of ancient animal fossils and old stone objects excavated from the site. Archaeologists believe that the discovery of ancient human ruins in the alpine zone such as Shennongjia is of great significance, and the cave is designated as “the ancient stone ruins of the ancient mankind of Shennongjia in the Huazhong ridge”, which fills the blank of the ancient human activities of the mountain caves in China. The Hongping Gallery is 1,600 meters above sea level and has a total length of 15 kilometers. It is an alpine valley. The mountain is the most characteristic of the landscape. There are three stone bridges, three waterfalls, four bridges, five lakes and six caves, seven towers and eight lotus villages and the lotus peak. The peak forms a natural outline that is strange, strange, dangerous, and coexisting.
Hubei Shennongjia National Geological Park is located in the south-central part of Shennongjia Forest Area, with an area of about 1700km2. It was approved by the Ministry of Land and Resources in 2005 and awarded in May 2008. Shennongjia Geopark has the most complete upper Cambrian strata in the world, with complete geological structure, complete stratigraphic excavation and obvious structural evidence. It not only preserves the traces of the Yanshan orogeny, but also shows the strong influence of the Himalayan movement; The fossil groups of the Cambrian and Ordovician, and the Katsot terrain and glacial landforms. The specific geological background, geographical location and climatic conditions of Shennongjia integrate many geological and geomorphological landscapes. Complete Precambrian, typical fault-breaking structures, Quaternary glacial remnants, 2,000-meter-high stripping surface, alpine wetland meadows, canyons, rivers, waterfalls, dark rivers, springs, stone forests, caves, etc. The unique geological wonders of Shennongjia.
Shennongjia National Geological Park is divided into six scenic spots from west to east: Dajiuhu Scenic Area features glacial landforms and alpine meadows; Banqiao Scenic Area is dominated by eroded landforms; Shennongding Scenic Area displays magnificent mountainous landscapes and typical Geological section; Tianyan scenic area canyon and karst landform development; Xiangxiyuan scenic spot is characterized by canyon and river source landscape; Laojun Mountain Scenic Area develops fault structure and water body landscape.
Yandi Shennong Cultural Park
Yandi Shennong Cultural Park is located beside the 209 National Road in the south of Muyu Town. It is a cultural tourist area featuring the outstanding achievements and roots of the ancient ancestral tree species and scientific research. Surrounded by the peaks of the peaks, the aura of the mountains and the beauty of the mountains. In 2002, it passed the national quality ISO9001 and ISO 14000 system certification, and was rated as the national 4A level scenic spot. The scenic spot is divided into four parts: the ancient botanical garden, the millennium cedar king, the Shennong altar, and the shopping promenade. The statue of Shennong in the altar is tall and majestic, solemn and solemn, and his eyes are slightly closed. It seems to be an insight into everything in the world. It is made up of the earth and its head is 21 meters high. It symbolizes the prosperity of the Chinese nation in the 21st century. It is 35 meters wide and 56 meters high with it, which symbolizes the great unity of 56 nations. The five-color stone on the periphery of the altar represents the five elements, namely gold, wood, water, fire, earth, and the inner circle, which means the place of heaven and earth. On both sides of the altar, eight sets of murals are used to record the merits of the ancient Shennong, namely, the cattle are ploughed, the Jiaowei five strings, the yin yam, the terracotta wood, the original farming, the Japanese-Chinese city, and the well irrigation. The eight groups of murals describe the great achievements of Shennong in an artistic way and express the infinite love of the descendants.
Xiangxiyuan Scenic Area
Xiangxiyuan Scenic Area is 4 kilometers north of Muyu Town. Xiangxiyuan is an important tributary of the north bank of the Xiling Gorge of the Yangtze River. It is an underground river that originates from a landscape of 2,800 meters above sea level. Because Wang Zhaojun had returned to his hometown and relatives before he went out and kissed his family. When he washed his face in the stream, he accidentally lost a string of pearl necklaces. Since then, the stream has crystal clear and fragrant all year round, hence the name Xiangxi. The source of Xiangxi, Qifeng Jingxiu, deep in the forest, the clouds wander around; the wildflowers in the forest compete, the mountains and rivers are horizontal and vertical; the Xiangxi River is crystal clear, cool and sweet. Xiangxiyuan is also known as the “fourteenth spring of the world.”
Tianshengqiao Scenic Area
Tianshengqiao Scenic Spot is located in Caiqi Village in the south of Shennongjia, close to National Highway 209 and 4.8 km away from Shennongtan. It is a new eco-tourism area officially opened in April 2003. With an altitude of 1200 meters and an area of 60 square kilometers, the scenic spot is a tourist area with leisure, adventure and Range Rover featuring Qidong, Qiqiao, Qi Waterfall and Qitan. Here, there are a variety of waterfalls, a natural stone bridge, a fragrant orchid mountain, and a precipitous stone wall path, forming a colorful landscape painting.
140 yuan / person (the scenic spot change car 90 yuan)
Highway: Shennongding Scenic Area is located in the nature reserve in the south of Shennongjia. The traffic of Shennongjia is mainly highway. The main roads in the forest area are National Highway 209, the provincial road of white fruit trees and red flowers, and the Jiuhuping and Jiuhu District Roads. The domestic highway has a total length of more than 1,300 kilometers, runs through the north and south of the whole area, and is connected to the cities and counties of Xiangfan, Shiyan, Yichang, Xingshan and Badong. From Wuhan to Shennongjia, you can take a long-distance bus at Xinhua Road Long-distance Bus Station. Every night at 8:00, there is a sleeper car from Wuhan to Xingshan County. The next day, 6:00 am to Xingshan County, the fare is 90 yuan. /people. There is a minibus in Xingshan that can reach the Shennongjia Muyu Town (60 km). There is a shuttle bus every half an hour. The fare is 10 yuan/person. You can also take the train from Wuhan to Shiyan (10:00 in the evening, at 6 o’clock in the morning to Shiyan), then take the bus at 7:30 to the bus station, and you can go to Shennongjia at noon.
Scenic traffic: The traffic in Shennongjia Scenic Area is convenient. The shuttle buses issued before 7:30 in the morning pass through the scenic spots. If you miss the bus, you can also rent a minivan for about 200 yuan / day.
Shennongjia’s accommodation Shennongjia Muyu Town Hotel is more concentrated, which can be used by tourists. The price of star-rated hotels is about 120 yuan. If you stay in Songbai Town, you can choose Shennongjia Hotel, the conditions and prices are moderate.
The local bacon, potatoes and lazy tofu taste quite good, and the wild vegetables and Tujia feast are delicious.
Shennongjia honey world is called “Hundred Herbal Honey” or “Shen Nong Bai Nectar”, which is a sought-after purchase.