Geographic location:Hefei City, Anhui Province
Famous scenery:Ancient city wall, ancient fort
Opening hours:8:00-18:00 (summer), 8:00-17:30 (winter)
Sanhe Ancient Town Scenic Spot is located in Feixi County, Hefei City, on the coast of Chaohu Lake. It is adjacent to Qijiang County and Shucheng County. It is known as a three-county county, three counties and three chickens. It has a history of more than 2,500 years. It is named after the three rivers of Fengle River, Hangyong River and Xiaonan River.
The Sanhe Ancient Town Scenic Area is characterized by the ancient town of Shuixiang. It has a rich cultural landscape and forms the unique “eight ancient” landscape of the Jianghuai area, namely the ancient river, the ancient bridge, the ancient plaque, the ancient street, the ancient residence, the ancient tea house and the ancient temple. Taiwan and the ancient battlefield. In history, it is both a battleground for military strategists and a place where merchants gather.
On October 15, 2015, the National Tourism Administration approved the Sanhe Ancient Town Scenic Area as a national 5A-level tourist attraction.
Qing Wenzong Xianfeng eight years (1858), Taiping army generals Chen Yucheng, Li Xiucheng, Wu Dingrui led the Ministry of Justice in the east, south and west of the three rivers in Feixi County, Anhui Province to resist the invasion of the Xiang Army, Li Xubin and Zeng Guohua. . From November 6th to 15th, they fought for 10 days and nights. Zeng Guohua and Li Xubin were killed. More than 6,000 people of the Xiang Army were wiped out. This is the famous “Three Rivers” in modern Chinese history.
In 2015, Sanhe Town built a new lake-side characteristic town in Hefei Ecological Wetland. The construction of the characteristic town of Linhu was carried out on the basis of the resettlement site of Binguang Village in the town. It is located in the Sancha River Wetland, adjacent to Huanhu Avenue. It is located between the Fuxing Village and the Fishing Beach in Binguang Village. It covers an area of more than 300 mu and has a total investment of about 400 million.
Sanhe Ancient Town Scenic Spot is located at the southern end of Feixi County, Hefei City, Anhui Province. It is located at the junction of Hefei, Lu’an and Chaohu. The geographical coordinates are between 31°30ˊ-31°32ˊ north latitude, 117°14ˊ-117°16ˊ east longitude, and Hefei City in the north. The area is about 35 kilometers, adjacent to Shucheng County and Qijiang County, and bordering Chaohu Lake. It is located in Guzhen Town, with a total area of 2.9 square kilometers.
The Sanhe Ancient Town Scenic Spot is located on the coast of Chaohu Lake. It is a subtropical monsoon humid climate with an annual precipitation of about 1000 mm and an average humidity of 70%.
The ancient block area of Sanhe Ancient Town Scenic Area was originally the west bank of Guchao Lake. The ground elevation was relatively high. Later, due to sedimentation, the surrounding lakes became land. The absolute elevation in the ancient block area (the Yellow Sea elevation) is between 9.1 and 11.6 meters, accounting for 20% of the area under the jurisdiction of Sanhe Town.
The basic pattern of Sanhe Ancient Town is: the two sides of the outer ring, the three continents. It is built in the water and extends along the river. It is narrow and long, surrounded by water. The three rivers surround the Three Rivers. The rivers and lakes are connected to the rivers and the rivers and rivers are connected. The so-called “between the branches and the rivers, thousands of ships can be hidden.” Fengle River, Xiaonan River and The three rivers of Hangyong River form a “mouth” shape to surround the ancient town. The basic pattern of the block is the Xiaonan River as the central axis, along the river into the street, with the pier as the end point and the river channel as the edge, radiating into several ancient commercial streets. Taking the “street and alley” as the skeleton, it connects many narrow alleys and smashes into a piece of residential houses. The street and the house are relatively regular, with a central axis and a clear definition of the edges. The street system is dendritic. The main street and the branch road are connected by the “Ten” character. The ancient town is above the Sanhe River embankment, and a bluestone road is left in the middle to form the ancient street. The direction is divided into South Street, North Street and West. Street three main streets, streets and branch lanes constitute the main traffic artery of the ancient town. Taking “Architecture” as the node, there are remains of the ancient battlefield of the Taiping Army at both ends of the ancient town. The city walls, the fort and the deep and wide river channel can provide both cargo and defense functions.
The ancient town of Sanhe is generally 1 to 2 layers in the volume of the building. The first floor is paved, the second floor is the house, mostly the front shop, the house and the house. The layout of the ancient town building is composed of the “combined courtyard” as the basic unit. It is mainly composed of a courtyard house and a quadrangle courtyard. It has both a courtyard form in the north and a courtyard courtyard in the south. The courtyard is located in the north facing south, and the axis is symmetrical in the layout. The plane form mainly shows the “concave” type, the “back” type, the “H” type, and the “day” type. The “concave” plane is three-story, with three rooms entering the building, the patio is in front, the hall is behind, and the left and right rooms are on both sides; the “back” plane is four-in-one, which is three two-entry buildings, two The combination of three types of opposite directions, the courtyard is placed in the middle, the hall is behind, the four-bedroom room is divided into four corners; the “H”-shaped plane is the middle of the three two-in-one hall, which is a combination of two three-way type; the “day” plane is Three three-in, first and second advances, each having a patio between the second and third, that is, the longitudinal juxtaposition of two “concave” planes. In the large-scale residential building, the second floor is equipped with a turn-around building, which is a circular corridor around the patio. It stands on the side of the fence, and the opposite and the upper and lower speech can be clearly heard. It has the characteristics of a courtyard-style Huizhou style building. The top of the residential building is built with a concave curved temple, which is a unique spatial form of ancient dwellings in the Jianghuai area.
The door covers, leaking windows, window sills and other components of the Sanhe ancient dwellings are simple in shape, and the doors and windows of individual large households are well-crafted. There are not many animal and plant patterns appearing in the complete realistic method. They are generally exaggerated and deformed decorative patterns, which are more simple. Such as the Liu Tong Xinglongzhuang pawn shop inside the hall inside the door. The heart is the “well” word stencil pattern; the skirt decoration is engraved with a round “shou”, four bats surround it; the embossed flower pattern on the cymbal ring plate breaks the dullness of the whole plate and the large-area panel, showing Exquisite and lively fun; the heart of the pane has ice cracks and ticks. The ratio is reasonable, the main and the second are distinct, the color is unified, and the surrounding siding, powder wall, paving, greening and light are against each other, creating a quiet and elegant living space under the soft light. The treatment of door and window decoration explains the principles of Sanhe people’s practicality, economy and beauty, and has unique cultural connotation and aesthetic charm.
Wanniantai is the center of Sanhe Town. It is an ancient stage that was rebuilt on the former site. This cultural square with an area of about 2,000 square meters can accommodate thousands of people to watch the show. Today, this cultural and leisure square has a total of 16 stone drums of 12 Zodiac and Meilan Zhuju, and also engraved with three pictures of Sanhe ancient folk customs. In Wanniantai, every festival and weekend, there will be a local drama–the performance of the drama.
Liu Tongxing Longzhuang
Liu Tongxing Longzhuang was a famous merchant in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, mainly engaged in rice, cloth and salt. The entire Liu Tongxing Longzhuang is a house with five rooms and eight rooms. The street is a two-storey wooden building. The second entrance is the turn-around building, and the last three entrances are bungalows. The third entrance is the open hall, which is used to receive visitors. The four entrances are incense houses, which are used to worship ancestors; the five entrances are residential quarters with a building area of about 700 square meters.
Wang Yuee Court
The Wangyue Pavilion is located next to the Moon Bridge, which is seven stories high. It feels like a beautiful sight in the ancient town. In the attic, there are many art treasures of folk collections, such as plaques, porcelain, stone carvings, furniture, jade articles, and daily necessities. Mount the loft overlooking the Three Rivers.
Dong Xiaochu Memorial Hall
The Dong Yongchu Memorial Hall focuses on the extraordinary life of Mr. Dong Yuchu. It is mainly divided into six exhibition halls: “One hall is famous for its outstanding people, the second hall is home to the world, the third hall is a book, the four halls are anti-Japanese and the country is saved, the five halls are used to save the country, and the six halls are the leaders of the generations.”
The doctor was the private residence of a civilian official in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. It displays the furniture and building components of the Ming and Qing Dynasties. There are mainly six years of Tongzhi, five books (the Ministry of Industry, the Ministry of Justice, the Ministry of Housing, the Ministry of Military Affairs, the Ministry of Justice) Zhu Feng titled “Dafu No.” plaque, Ming Sakura wood square table, rosewood, rosewood chair, Nanmu cabinet , Jinsi Nanmu Babu bed, early Qing Zurong portraits.
Yang Zhenning’s old residence
Yang Zhenning’s former residences showcased Professor Yang Zhenning’s growth pictures and literary materials as well as some scientific interactions. Professor Yang Zhenning’s mother is a Sanhe person. In order to avoid the war at the end of 1937, Yang Zhenning once studied here.
Here is the former residence of Liu Bingzhen, the general of the Huai Army. Liu Bingzhen is a Sanhe person. He is a royal red man under Li Hongzhang. He once led the army to defeat the French army and defeated the army. He has been the governor of Jiangxi, the governor of Zhejiang, and the governor of Sichuan. He used to have hundreds of houses in Sanhe, and here is the only one that has been retained and rebuilt.
Former residence of Sun Liren
The Sun Liren family lived in Sanhe for generations. Sun Liren was born in the Eight Lanes of Sanhe on December 8th (1900). He lived here from birth until he was eight years old. The rebuilt Sun Liren’s former residence is a typical Yuzhong Huipai residence, which is divided into two. The first entry is a picture and text exhibition, which mainly introduces the life of Sun Liren. One or two in the middle is a courtyard courtyard. The two sides of the courtyard mainly show pictures of some of the combat terrain of Sun Liren. The second entrance is a two-story building, the living room is downstairs and the second floor is a small wooden building.
Sanhe Wars Fengyun Museum
The Three Rivers Wars Fengyun Pavilion was opened on September 25, 2015. The building was built on the basis of the history of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, providing visitors with a platform to understand the ancient battlefield and historical culture of the Sanhe River. It is divided into four exhibition halls, using sound, light and electricity technology to create the highlights of the pavilion and reproduce the war scene of the Three Rivers.
Development and construction
On November 28, 2007, the Anhui Provincial Government officially approved the Protection Plan. In accordance with the “Protection Plan”, Sanhe Ancient Town will set up a “construction control zone” with an area of 10.39 hectares.
In 2010, the “Regulations on the Protection of Sanhe Historical and Cultural Towns in Hefei City” passed the deliberation. The regulations stipulate that, in addition to the necessary infrastructure and public service facilities, new construction and expansion activities shall not be carried out in the core protection areas, and tourism lines shall be opened in due course. Or bus line.
In 2017, the “Sanhe Historical and Cultural Town Protection Plan (2016-2030) in Feixi County, Hefei City” was approved by the Anhui Provincial Government. Famous dishes such as “Sanhe Rice Dumplings” were included in the protection framework, and the ancient town also demarcated the “construction control zone” to protect and extend the historical features of the ancient town. The “Protection Plan” clarifies that the Three Rivers will protect the traditional spatial pattern with the waters as the background and the fishbone-shaped road system as the skeleton, and protect the water features of “the branches and the ties, the tens of thousands of ships can be hidden”. Protecting the rigorous, symmetrical, patio, multi-in, and courtyard layouts of the blended features of the North and South.
In 2007, Sanhe Ancient Town was selected as the third batch of national historical and cultural towns.
In November 2014, it passed the 5A-level scenic spot quality assessment organized by the National Tourism Administration and was taken as a member of the national 5A-level scenic reserve army.
On October 15, 2015, the National Tourism Administration issued the “National Tourism Resource Planning and Development Quality Evaluation Committee Announcement”. The Sanhe Ancient Town Scenic Spot in Hefei City, Anhui Province met the requirements of the national 5A-level tourist scenic spot standard and was approved as a national 5A-level tourist scenic spot.
Sanhe Ancient Town has a long history. Sanheyuan, which is more than 2,550 years ago, is a highland surface in Chaohu Lake. It is the habitat of guano, so it was called “鹊渚” and “鹊岸”. In the course of history, Sanhe Town has developed into a rivers and rivers, ditches and valleys, and vast and rich land of fish and rice. Since ancient times, it has been a commercial city with merchants gathered, and it is located at the junction of Feixi, Shucheng and Qijiang counties. Wanted, and thus become a battleground for the military. In the two famous battles in Chinese history, “Zuo Zhuan” and other historical books recorded in the history of the Warring States Period, Wu Chu competed for “the battle of the shores” and the “Three Rivers and Great Victory” in the late Qing Dynasty occurred here. It has formed a unique landscape featuring ancient towns in the water town, ancient rivers, ancient bridges, ancient streets, ancient alleys, ancient dwellings, ancient tea houses, ancient temples, and ancient battlefields. The ancient town was influenced by the blending of Wu and Chu cultures. In addition, the prosperity of Huizhou merchants in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the three cultures influenced each other and infiltrated each other. Sanhe Town also emerged a number of important cultural heritages. Such as the famous physicist Mr. Yang Zhenning’s former residence, the Kuomintang army general, Sun Liren’s former residence, the anti-Japanese patriotic overseas Chinese leader, Mr. Dong Qichu, the Huaijun general Liu Bingzhen’s former residence, He Wei, the late Qing Dynasty, Li Hongzhang warehouse, the Qing Dynasty Sanhe famous shops Liu Tongxing Longzhuang, etc., Sanhe The folk culture is also very rich, and it is the birthplace of the national intangible cultural heritage and the local drama of Hefei, the opera.
Sanhe traditional food culture takes the longest taste of the South and North cuisines, and gathers emblems, Sichuan and Huaiyang cuisine to form its own unique flavor. There are high-end dishes and ordinary earth dishes. Traditional banquets – “Eight-eighth seats” and “Eight-four seats”, handed the foundation of long-term food culture, Sanhe crispy duck, rice noodles shrimp, tofu noodle fish soup, Sanhe millet dumplings, Sanhe horseshoe cake, Sanhe tea dry, Sanhe rice wine. Sanhe’s rice dumplings, dried tea and rice wine are also local authentic specialties.
At the Hefei’s tourist bus station and the South Gate Transfer Center, you can take a bus to the Sanhe River. Sanhe Ancient Town is 30-40km away from Hefei City and 7km away from Chaohu Lake. Water transportation is extremely convenient. Hefei to Sanhe Ancient Town Bus Route: 1. Take the CMB from Hefei’s tourist bus station to Sanhe. The fare is 14 yuan, and the journey is about 1 hour. Basically there are cars all day long. A lot of cars going to other places in that area will also lead to Sanhe. 2. From the South Gate Transfer Center or the Dongliu Road, take the CMB line of the Three Rivers, or the minibus of Hefei-Baishan. The ride is comfortable and the fare is about 12 yuan. (You can get to the South Gate Transfer Center by taking the 1st, 117th, 150th, 152th, 156th, and 163th buses). On November 1, 2015, the bus from Sanhe to Shangpai will be opened.
Tickets: Eight View Package: 120 yuan / person (including Yang Zhenning’s former residence, Liu Tongxing Longzhuang, Heyi, Sun Liren, Guozilou, Root Sculpture Hall, Xiangulou, Ancient Entertainment Square);
Four-view ticket: 70 yuan / person (including Yang Zhenning’s former residence, Liu Tongxing Longzhuang, Heyi, Sun Liren’s former residence)
Half price for student tickets, half price for children tickets (free tickets for 1.2 meters or less; children tickets for 1.2-1.4 meters), half price for seniors (free tickets for people over 70 years old, half-price tickets for 60-70 years old), free tickets for military personnel.