Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot, Qinghai Province

Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot, Qinghai Province

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Geographic location:South of Gangcha County, Qinghai Province

Level:AAAAA

Famous scenery:Bird Island, Erlang Sword, Fairy Bend, Sands Bay, Sand Island

Opening hours:Open all day

Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot in Qinghai Province is located in the northeastern part of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, in the northwest of Xining City, in the south of Gangcha County, 136 kilometers away from Xining City, between 99°36′~100°16′ east longitude and 36°32′~37° north latitude. Between 15′, it is a national 5A tourist attraction.

Qinghai Lake is known as the “Xihai”, also known as “Xianhai”, “Fresh Water Sea”, “Beihe Bohai”, is China’s largest inland lake and the largest saltwater lake. The lake is 3,196 meters above sea level. The lakeshore is 360 kilometers long and covers an area of 4,583 square kilometers. The lake is cold and salty. There are Haixin Mountain in the lake, surrounded by mountains: Datong Mountain in the north, Riyue Mountain in the east, Nanshan in the south, and Rubber Mountain in the west. The average temperature in the summer season is only 15 °C, making it a natural summer resort.

Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot, Qinghai Province

Development History

In 2005, Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot in Qinghai Province developed winter tourism projects and produced ice sculptures such as house signs and good luck.
From January 18th to February 18th, 2006, Qinghai Provincial Tourism Bureau and other departments held Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot in Qinghai Province to hold the exhibition of ice sculptures, ice sports and entertainment activities, traditional national sports competitions, national songs and dances, etc. Lake ice and snow festival.”
On January 1, 2015, the “Regulations on the Management of Qinghai Lake Scenic Area” was officially implemented. According to the regulations, the Qinghai Lake scenic spot in Qinghai Province starts from the lakeshore line, 50 meters away from the east of Huanhu East Road, 50 meters away from the west of Huanhu West Road, 100 meters away from the 109 National Highway in the south, and 100 meters away from the Qinghai-Tibet Railway in the north. Except for projects planned and constructed along the towns and towns along the lake and urban areas, it is forbidden to build, expand or rebuild permanent buildings and structures that are not related to the protection of scenic spots.
On June 17, 2017, 2017 Qinghai Lake International Sculpture and Land Art Tourism Season was opened in the Shadao Scenic Spot in Qinghai Lake. 13 sand sculptures including the National Unity and the King Gesar were collected, and “Qinghai Lake Our Homeland” was launched. Five earth works of art such as the Tree of Life.
In September 2018, the ticket price of Erlangjian Scenic Spot was lowered from 100 yuan/person to 90 yuan/person, and the off-season remained unchanged; the ticket prices in Bird Island Scenic Area and Shadao Scenic Area were abolished.

Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot, Qinghai Province

Geographical environment

Geographic location

Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot in Qinghai Province is located in the northeast of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, 136 kilometers away from Xining City. It is located between 99°36′~100°16′ east longitude and 36°32′~37°15′ north latitude. It is surrounded by four mountains: north It is Datong Mountain, with Riyue Mountain to the east, Nanshan Mountain to the south, and Rubber Mountain to the west.

Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot, Qinghai Province

Lake District Overview

Qinghai Lake is 3196 meters above sea level, with an average water depth of 18.6 meters and a maximum depth of 32.8 meters. The lakeshore line is 360 kilometers long. It is 106 kilometers long from east to west, 63 kilometers wide from north to south, with an area of 4,583 square kilometers and a lake water capacity of 85.4 cubic kilometers.

Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot, Qinghai Province

Landform

The Qinghai Lake scenic spot in Qinghai Province is a plateau landform with a flat terrain. The shore of Qinghai Lake is a plateau grass dam with natural pastures.

Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot, Qinghai Province

Climate

The Qinghai Lake scenic spot in Qinghai Province has a plateau continental climate with abundant sunshine and strong sunshine; cold winter and cool summer, short warm season, long cold season, strong wind and sandstorm in spring; less rainfall, same season of rain and heat, and distinct dry and wet seasons. Most of the annual sunshine hours in the Lake District are more than 3,000 hours, which is about 700 hours higher than the eastern latitudes of Qinghai; the annual sunshine percentage is 68-69%. The annual total radiation is 171.461 kcal/cm 2 /year -106.693 kcal / cm 2 /year, which is slightly higher than the temperature in the eastern and southern parts of the Huabei Plain Lake District at the same latitude, with an average annual temperature between 1.1 ° C and 0.3 ° C; It is slightly lower than the north, with an average annual temperature between -0.8 °C and 0.6 °C, an average maximum temperature between 6.7 °C and 8.7 °C, an average minimum temperature between -6.7 °C and 4.9 °C, and an extreme maximum temperature of 25 °C and 24.4 °C. Extreme minimum temperatures -31 ° C ~ and -33.4 ° C. The Loess Plateau is 10 to 40 kcal/cm 2 /year.

Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot, Qinghai Province

Hydrology

Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot in Qinghai Province has less precipitation throughout the year, slightly higher in the east and south than in the north and west. The annual precipitation in the east is 412.8 mm, 359.4 mm in the south, 370.3 mm in the northwest, and 360.4 mm and 324.5 mm in the west. The annual evaporation reached 1502 mm, and the evaporation far exceeded the precipitation. The precipitation in the lake area changes greatly in the season, and the precipitation is mostly concentrated in May to September, with the same season of rain and heat.

Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot, Qinghai Province

Natural resources

Plant resources

There are five types of natural vegetation (shrub, grassland, desert, meadow, marsh and aquatic vegetation) in Qinghai Lake Scenic Area and surrounding areas in Qinghai Province. The warm grassland, the warm desert steppe and the alpine swampy meadow adjacent to the lakeshore are Mainly, the main dominant populations are Stipa grandis, Stipa breviflora and S. chinensis.

The Qinghai Lake Scenic Area in Qinghai Province and its surrounding areas are in the Tangguite area of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau sub-region in the Pan-Arctic Plant Zone in the Chinese flora zoning. It is a young flora formed during the uplift of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The flora is complex and has many plant species. Its composition includes plant species, ferns, mosses, fungi, algae and lichens. The main dominant species are Stipa grandis, Stipa breviflora and S. glabra. grass. There are 52 families, 174 genera and 445 species of seed plants, mainly angiosperms, while gymnosperms have only 6 genera and 3 genera.

Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot, Qinghai Province

Animal resources

There are 189 species of birds in Qinghai Lake Scenic Area and surrounding areas in Qinghai Province, belonging to 14 orders and 37 families. The number of birds accounts for 55% of the total number of birds in the province, of which 63.6% are migratory birds. Ordinary birds include fish gulls, which are state-level protected animals, such as brown-headed gulls and bar-headed geese. The national secondary protected animals include crickets and swan. The national first-class protected animals have black-necked cranes.

There are 42 species of 5 species belonging to 5 orders in Qinghai Lake Scenic Area and surrounding areas in Qinghai Province. The species of mammals account for almost one-third of the province, and there are many species of rodents, carnivores and artiodactyls. There are 6 kinds of protected animals and 11 kinds of national second-class protected animals. It is a national first-class protected animal, Przewalski’s gazelle (other name: beach yellow sheep, beach gazelle), and is one of the world-class endangered wild animals.

Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot, Qinghai Province

Main Attractions

Scenic spot

Erlangjian Scenic Area

Erlangjian Scenic Area is located on the south bank of Qinghai Lake. It was previously known as the 151 base. It is the first torpedo launch test base in China. It is the tourist reception base and ethnic customs experience base around Qinghai Lake. Erlang Sword is a jewel in the tourist area of Qinghai Lake with its special geographical location in Qinghai Lake and ecological natural resources based on grasslands, beaches and animals. The location of Erlangjian Scenic Spot is “the place where the service person is served”. Erlangjian has built a viewing area with a combination of bird watching platform, Guanhai Bridge and Guanhai Pavilion. It is a large-scale national song and dance, Tibetan customs park, holy lake sacrifice and other tourism projects. The recreation area is a water recreation area with activities such as cruises, jet skis, water bikes and self-driving yachts.

Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot, Qinghai Province

Bird Island Scenic Area

The bird island scenic spot is also known as Xiaoxi Mountain or Egg Island (named after the bird’s egg). It is located 4 kilometers north of the west bank of Qinghai Lake and the Buha River mouth. The east end of the island is large and the west head is long and narrow. M. After 1978, the northern, western and southern sides of the lake were exposed to the land.

Bird Island is named after hundreds of thousands of migratory birds on the island. It is a place with aura and vitality on the shores of Qinghai Lake. Between April and June each year, nearly 100,000 migratory birds migrated here and thrived here, which is a wonder of Qinghai Lake. In order to protect the bird’s hereditary territory from interference, and to ensure that more tourists can take a bird’s-eye view, Bird Island has built a multi-functional half-bunk bird-watching bird-watching room, lounge, cafe, and multimedia showroom. room. The shelter passage is 443 meters long and has a construction area of 2,800 square meters.

Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot, Qinghai Province

Sand Island Scenic Area

The Shadao Scenic Area is located on the northeastern shore of Qinghai Lake. The Jinsha Bay and Yinsha Bay are accompanied by each other. The Sun Lake, Crescent Lake and Lusong Lake are dotted with each other. The sands and silver sands are in harmony with each other. Water yachts, sand boarding, beach bikes, beach cross-country, horseback riding and camel riding are the special tourist experiences of Sand Island.

Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot, Qinghai Province

Fairy Bay Scenic Area

Located on the north bank of Qinghai Lake, Fairy Bay Scenic Spot is an important wetland of Qinghai Lake and a traditional sanctuary for the Tibetan people. There are many varieties of animals and plants here, and the wetland landscape is unique, especially the land of dozens of birds that love to migrate. It is the home of the swan.

Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot, Qinghai Province

landscape

There are two wonders in the lake area: one is the bird island. Every spring and summer, hundreds of thousands of migratory birds come to the islands of Haixi Mountain and three stones. The second is the fishery. Qinghu Lake is rich in carp, which is a rich natural fish farm.

Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot, Qinghai Province

Honors

In November 2004, Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot in Qinghai Province was rated as “the most attractive tourist scenic spot in the west” by the Western Development Research Center of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and the Western Development Campaign Committee of China.
In January 2006, Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot in Qinghai Province was selected by the Central Civilization Office, the Ministry of Construction and the National Tourism Administration as “the advanced unit for the creation of civilized scenic tourist areas in the country”.
In 2007, Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot in Qinghai Province was awarded the title of “National Tourism Business Card” at the Boao International Forum. In February, Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot in Qinghai Province was approved as a national 4A-level tourist scenic spot by the National Tourism Scenic Area Quality Rating Committee.
In 2011, Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot in Qinghai Province was ranked as the most popular tourist destination list, ranking 12th. It is the only scenic spot in Qinghai Province that entered the list. On August 29th, Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot in Qinghai Province passed the assessment of the national 5A level scenic spot with a total score of 971, and was rated as a national 5A-level tourist scenic spot by the former National Tourism Administration.
On December 26, 2016, Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot in Qinghai Province was included in the national “Lake Tourism Destination” construction list.

Qinghai Lake Scenic Spot, Qinghai Province

Travel Information

Ticket

Erlang sword peak season: 90 yuan / person
Bird Island Free
Sand Island Free
Beach 22 yuan / person

Traffic

Shuttle line

From Qinghai Bayi Passenger Transport Station in Qinghai Province, go to Qinghai Lake Erlangjian Scenic Area
From Qinghai Bayi Passenger Transport Station in Qinghai Province, drive to Qinghai Lake Shadao Scenic Spot

Cycling route

Good cycling enthusiasts can ride from Xining to Huanhu Lake along Qinghai Lake. For those with general physical strength, you can take a bus to Qinghai Lake Erlangjian Scenic Area and experience a beautiful section of the scenery, such as the 70km road from Heimahe Township to Bird Island.

Self-driving route

The road from Xining to Qinghai Lake is about 80 kilometers away, and about 400 kilometers a week around the lake. Self-driving route around the lake: Danghe River – Riyue Mountain – 151 base – Erlangjian Peninsula – Jiangxi Ditch – Heima River – Chaka Salt Lake – Guanhai Pavilion – Shi Naihai – Bird Island – Gangcha – Shadao – Atomic City.

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