Geographic location:Northeastern part of Qinghai Province
Famous scenery:Tu Nationality Garden
Opening hours: 8:30-18:00
The Mutual Assistance Tujia Native Land Park Scenic Area is located in Weiyuan Town, Huzhu County, Haidong City, Qinghai Province. It is 31 kilometers away from Xining City, the capital of Qinghai Province. The total planned area is 6.81 square kilometers, of which the core tourist area is 3.25 square kilometers.
The scenic spots include the five core scenic spots of Tianyou De Chinese Qinglan Wine, Rainbow Tribe Tujia Garden, Naton Manor and Western Tu Nationality Folk Culture Village, and Xiaozhuang Tu Folk Culture Village. They respectively show the colorful folk culture of the Tus, the long-standing Qinglan wine. Culture, long-lasting agarwood culture, ancient pure architectural culture, unique residential culture, simple and mysterious religious culture, is the most comprehensive, pure and true in the world with the theme of “Tu culture”. A comprehensive tourist attraction integrating sightseeing, leisure and holiday, folk customs and religious pilgrimage.
Introduction to the tourist area
The national 5A level scenic spot is located in the northeast of Qinghai Province, 50 kilometers away from Xining Airport. The Qinghai-Tibet Railway and Lanxi Expressway pass through Gaozhai Town. Pingda Highway, Weibei Highway and Ningshu Highway connect the main attractions in the territory. It is 31 kilometers away from Xining City, the capital of Qinghai Province. It is a comprehensive tourist attraction integrating sightseeing, leisure and vacation, experiencing folk customs and religious pilgrimage.
Since the 1990s, Huzhu County has been the only autonomous county in the country with the Tu nationality as the main ethnic group. It is called the “Hometown of Tus”. In the concept of the general people, the “Hometown of Tus” is Muzhu County, Tu The national customs are the most attractive ethnic cultural tourism resources in Qinghai Province. Therefore, the entire tourist attractions that help each other are collectively referred to as the mutual help of the Tus.
The original pristine natural environment, the unique and unique ecological environment, the ancient and mysterious cultural relics in the scenic area, and the ethnic styles with different styles have strong appeal and competitiveness. The unique Turkish national culture, the well-developed plateau ecosystem, the long history of religious culture and the Qinglan wine culture constitute the four major brands of mutual tourism. The Tu nationality is one of the ancient nationalities living in Qinghai. The Qinghai Tu culture and art formed by its unique humanities and natural conditions is further enhanced by its unique characteristics of culture, history, language, folklore, art and religious beliefs. A little mysterious. At the same time, a large number of tourists are attracted by folk traditional festivals such as “February 2nd Meeting”, “June Six Flower Club”, “Danma Club” and other traditional festivals and temple fairs.
Scenic Visitor Center
Mutual Assistance Tujia Native Land Scenic Area Visitor Center is located at the intersection of Tianyoude Avenue and South Street intersection of Weiyuan Town, the county town, adjacent to Qinghai Mutual Alum Wine Co., Ltd., the largest production base of Qinglan in China. The center covers an area of 3,000 square meters, with a construction area of 1,000 square meters. The parking lot covers an area of 800 square meters. It is a collection of scenic spots, publicity and promotion, tour guide services, collection and transfer, consultation and complaints, medical assistance, special shopping, monitoring and supervision. The comprehensive service organization is equipped with full-time Chinese, English and Japanese language guides, consulting and other service personnel. It is also a tourist home for visitors to provide full service of “eat, live, travel, travel, purchase and entertainment”.
Introduction to scenic area
Huzhu County is a major tourism resource county in Qinghai Province. It is also one of the key counties for the development of tourism in Qinghai Province. The original ecological environment is primitive and primitive, the cultural relics are ancient and mysterious, and the folk customs style is very different. The five major tourism resources are formed, namely the Rainbow tribe. Tu Nationality Folk Culture Tourism Resources represented by Tu Nationality Garden, Nadun Manor and Xiaozhuang Tu Nationality Folk Culture Village.
Rainbow Tribe Tujia Garden
Rainbow Tribal Tujia Park is invested by Rainbow Tribe Culture Tourism Development Co., Ltd. to build a large-scale Turkish folk culture theme park. It is one of the important scenic spots in the AAAAA-level scenic spot of Mutual Assistance to Tujia Nationality Park. It is also an important attraction in the Xiadu Xining Tourism Circle. . It is located in the southwest of Weiyuan Town, 30 kilometers away from Xining, the provincial capital. It covers an area of 120,000 square meters and has a construction area of 13,000 square meters. All of them are built in the form of blue brick and green tiles, raw soil adobe and brick carving wood carvings. Cultural ancient buildings.
The scenic spot has 18-hole ditch old oil mill, living Buddha temple, Anzhao Square, Tusi House, Zhuangjiayuan and Intangible Cultural Heritage Heritage Protection Center and other large-scale Turkish folk culture and ancient buildings, which show the history and folk culture of the Tus. The intangible cultural heritage of the Tus, the ancient dwelling houses of the Tus, and the custom of the Tu people. Developed a series of tourism projects in the Turkish folk customs and local culture.
Nathan Manor is located in the core of the Mutual Homeland of Mutual Assistance, and covers an area of nearly 50 acres. It was built in August 2005 and is one of the tourist attractions of the AAAAA Tu Nationality Homeland. It covers an area of more than 30,000 square meters and is the core of the Tu Nationality Homeland. One of the scenic spots. The manor is mainly to show the folk customs of the Tu nationality and the culture of Qinglan wine. There is a Qinglan Distilled Wine Culture Museum which displays the millennium ancient wine culture on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. It reproduces the history of brewing and inheritance of Qinglan wine for more than 1300 years. It shows the past and present of the wine-making spirit, the originator of the wine. The underground burial cellar, which shows the burial history of Weiyuan Qinglan distilled liquor, is spectacular and rich in culture, recreating the charm of “wine town”. The Golden Flower Performing Arts Center, which mainly displays the intangible cultural heritage of the Tu nationality, including flowers, costumes, Turkish weddings, and embroidery.
Western Folk Culture Village
Located in Weiyuan Town, Mutual Autonomous County, Qinghai Province, it is a large-scale national tourism and cultural scenic spot integrating Tujia architectural culture, costume culture, catering culture, song and dance culture and folk culture. It is 30 kilometers away from Xining City, the provincial capital, covering an area of 20,000 square meters. The “circle seat” of the ancient banquet culture of the Tus.
Xiaozhuang Folk Culture Village
Xiaozhuang Tujia Folk Culture Village in Weiyuan Town is one of the “Ten Traditional Villages” in Huzhu County. The Tu people in the village account for 98.3% of the total population, and 90 households have received rural tourism. They have been evaluated by the state, provincial and municipal authorities. It is a national rural tourism demonstration site, the most beautiful village in Qinghai Province, and the first batch of demonstration projects for rural tourism in China. It was originally a natural village in Gucheng Village of Weiyuan Town. Since the tourism operation in 1997, the tourism of Xiaozhuang villagers has developed rapidly. In the year, it was rated as the first batch of national agricultural tourism demonstration sites, and became a typical folk culture tourism reception village supported by tourism. In order to further develop folk tourism, in 2007, Xiaozhuang Village was divided from Gucheng Village and set up as an administrative village specializing in the development of folk tourism. There are 157 households and 596 households, including 560 Tus, accounting for 99% of the total population of the village. %, more than 95% of the labor force in the village is engaged in tourism, and there are 40 existing folk tourism operators. This year, the village’s comprehensive income reached 2.66 million yuan, tourism income reached 1.58 million yuan, and the village’s per capita income reached 4,210 yuan.
Tianyou De Chinese Green Tea Wine Source
The source of Tianyou De Chinese barley wine is the country’s largest production base for barley wine and the base for the protection of the origin of barley wine. Mutual aid Qinglan wine originated in the Yuan Dynasty, flourished in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, developed in modern times, brilliant today. The Mutual County People’s Government established the National Mutual Aid County on the basis of the eight workshops of “Tianyou De” and “Yongqing He” in 1952. The winery, set up a joint stock company in December 2011 and listed on the Shenzhen Stock Exchange, the stock abbreviation: Qingqing Liquor. At present, the company has a registered capital of 450 million yuan, total assets of 1.8 billion yuan, covers an area of 300,000 square meters, employs more than 1,800 people, and produces 15,000 tons of young glutinous wine. The company produces “mutual help”, “Tianyoude” and “eight big There are more than 100 varieties of four series of barley wine products in the workshop and Yongqing.
18-hole ditch oil mill
The 18-hole Ditch Oil Square was demolished from the 18-hole ditch of a Tu village in Songduo Township, Huzhu County. It is the oldest oil mill in the mutual protection province. The oil mill reproduces the traditional oil-pressing process. The plateau people mainly eat rapeseed oil and rapeseed oil is produced in the oil mill. The oil mill is generally built next to or near the water mill. Before the oil is squeezed, the oilseed must be ground into a powder in the water mill, then steamed in the pot of the oil mill, wrapped with horse lotus and river willow, pushed to Under the thick round wooden beams, squeeze out the fragrant oil. The remaining rapeseed residue from the oil is called slag, which is a good feed for the animals. The person who masters the oil extraction technology in the oil mill is called “Dr. Oil”.
Anzhen Square has a diameter of 80 meters and a building area of 2,240 square meters. There is a teahouse on the ring corridor. The east side of the square is a large stage with a stage background of Turkish colors.
The Tusi House is the residence of the chief of the toast. This is the residence of a four-in-one hospital. It was restored from the architectural style of Li Wen Tusi, which was once seen in the Qinghai Mushui area during the Tianshun Period of the Ming Dynasty. Upon entering the hospital, it is the office area of the chief of the toast. The toast of the toast, the weapon frame and the prison box are displayed separately.
In the second hospital, both sides of the east and west are the toasts of the Tusi House and the house of the Guan. Dongfang is a teacher’s room, indoor building, wooden moon door, there is a study room, a reception room, a main hall; the west house is a housekeeping room, which is basically similar to the layout of the master’s room.
Sanjinyuan is the residence of the chief of the toast. The second-floor building facing north is the Tusi Building. The whole building is quite exquisite and beautiful, luxurious and extravagant, and the carvings are vivid. It is not difficult to see the noble social status of the Tusi Master in the jurisdiction.
The fourth hospital is the back garden of the Tusi House. The North Room is the guest room for visiting local officials or relatives and friends. The West Room is the transportation of the toast and the storage place of the harness. It has now evolved into a showroom. There are horse riding stones and horse-drawn horses on the back door side.
The traditional Turkish sports activities are a symbol of the bravery, wisdom and unity of the Turkish people. It is a kind of leisure and entertainment cultural and sports activity invented by the ancestors of the Tus in the long-term production and life. It is evolved from the bundled wooden ladder on the wheel of the big board. On June 7, 2008, the Turkish Wheels were approved by the State Council to be included in the second batch of national intangible cultural heritage.
It is a kind of dance of life. It is a form of collective song and dance that is passed down by the people of the Tu people. It is a dance widely spread in the Mutual Autonomous County. The Turkish language is called “Millennium Day”, meaning “bending” or “turning the circle”. The Tu people sing the songs of the people and the animals, the harvest of the grain, and wish auspicious unaccompanied circle singing and dancing. The number of participants is not limited to three or two to hundreds of people. Men, women and children can participate. Usually, one to two “Du Rijin” lead the singer. The crowds are formed in a circle according to the order of the male and female, and turn clockwise. While singing, dancing, and turning, it is also called “turning to the call.”
A folk song, also known as “juvenile.” The lyrics of “Flower” are mostly improvised, and there are two forms of singing and solo, and the content is rich and colorful. There is a beautiful legend about “Flower”. It is said that a long time ago, there were five beautiful Tus, sisters, each with a silver bell-like voice. Every time they sang “flowers,” everything was fascinated. Many handsome young men came to sing with them, but after three days and three nights, the boys were defeated. On the fourth morning, five colorful clouds floated from the sun rising and took away the five sisters. Later, people said that the five sisters were named “flower fairy” and sang “flowers” for the Jade Emperor every day. In order to commemorate them, people held the annual “Flower Club”.
Qinghai’s love song “Huaer” can’t be sung at home, and it’s mostly sung in the fields. If you stay at a Tu family, don’t invite Tu people to sing flowers or listen to audio-visual products such as flowers and tapes.
There are many taboos for the Tu people. The main ones are: avoid eating meat from round-legged livestock (horse, scorpion, and scorpion); avoid urinating in the livestock circle, thinking that this will affect the growth of livestock; avoid using a cracked bowl to pour tea for guests; Ask the guests to “eat no food” or “eat or not eat”, etc.; quarreling in front of the guests, hitting the child is the most rude, will be considered as a eviction order; into the Tujia people, must first say hello outside the hospital, after waiting for someone to enter In the hospital; young women’s bedrooms are not allowed to enter at will, can’t be joked with unmarried girls; avoid the number of their sheep; avoid smoking, spitting, chaos, and loud noise in the halls and halls; avoid the monks’ mats Cross over other items; avoid sneezing and coughing on butter lamps; when turning the wheel in the Buddhist temple, it must be left to right, irreversible; hunting and urinating are prohibited near the temple.