Mount Wuyi

Mount Wuyi

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Geographic location:Junction between Jiangxi and the northwestern provinces of Fujian

Level:AAAAA

Famous scenery:Jiuqu River, Tianyou Peak, Yixiantian, Shuilian Cave

Suitable for the play season:June-August

Wuyi Mountain is located at the junction of Jiangxi and the northwestern provinces of Fujian. The northern section of the Wuyi Mountains has a total area of 999.75 square kilometers. It is a famous scenic tourist area and summer resort in China. It is a typical Danxia landform and is one of the first national key scenic spots.

Wuyi Mountain is a famous mountain of three religions. Since the Qin and Han Dynasties, Wuyi Mountain has been the habitat of the plum-flowing Zen family, leaving many sites of the palace, the Taoist temple and the temple. Wuyishan was once the place where Confucian scholars advocated lectures.

Wuyishan Nature Reserve is the best protected and most abundant ecosystem in the same latitude of the Earth. It has 2,527 plant species and nearly 5,000 species of wild animals.

Wuyi Mountain is a world heritage of dual culture and nature, a world biosphere reserve, a national key cultural relics protection unit (Wuyishan Cliff Tomb Group), a national key scenic spot, a national AAAAA level tourist scenic spot, a national nature reserve, a national water conservancy scenic spot, and a national ecology. Demonstration site of tourism demonstration zone and national civilized scenic tourist area.

On July 9, 2017, Jiangxi Yishan Mountain was successfully included in the World Cultural and Natural Heritage Site.

Mount Wuyi

Geographical environment

Location horizon

Wuyishan is located in Lead Mountain County of Jiangxi Province and Wuyishan City of Fujian Province.

Mount Wuyi

Geological landform

The Wuyi Mountains mainly distribute the metamorphic rocks of the Pre-Sinian and Sinian, the Mesozoic volcanic rocks, granites and clastic rocks.

In the late Mesozoic era, a strong volcanic eruption occurred in Wuyishan, followed by large-scale granite intrusion. It has been found that this area is rich in volcanic structures and is a typical structural feature of the Pacific Rim in eastern Asia. The red glutenite in the late Cretaceous period is the main body of the Danxia landform.

The crustal movement of the Mesozoic laid the basic skeleton of the Wuyishan landform. The nature of the Wuyi Mountain is also obvious. The mountain peaks above 1500m in the west are basically composed of hard tuff lava and rhyolite. The eastern red sand shale area often has wide valleys and basins. Therefore, the rich landform types of Wuyi Mountain are the result of the combined effects of geological structure, water erosion, weathering and erosion, and gravity collapse.

Mount Wuyi

Climate

The four seasons of Wuyi Mountain are distinctly located in the mid-subtropical zone. The temperature in the Wuyi Mountain is relatively uniform, mild and humid. The annual average temperature is about 12 °C ~ 13 °C, the average temperature in January is about 3 °C, the extreme minimum temperature is -15 °C, and the average temperature in July is 23 °C. ~24 ° C; annual precipitation is more than 2000 mm, which is the most precipitation area in Fujian Province. The annual relative humidity is as high as 85%, and the foggy day is over 100 days.

Mount Wuyi

Resource situation

Natural resources

Wuyi Mountain preserves the most complete, most typical and largest area of the subtropical native forest ecosystem in the world with the same latitude, and has obvious vertical vegetation spectrum: with increasing altitude, the evergreen broad-leaved forest belt (350-1400m, Mountain red soil), coniferous and broad-leaved transition zone (500-1700m, mountain yellow red soil), warm coniferous forest zone (1100-1970m, mountain yellow soil), Zhongshan meadow (1700-2158m mountain yellow red soil), Zhongshan moss dwarf Forest belt (1700-1970m, mountain yellow soil), Zhongshan meadow (1700-2158m, mountain meadow soil) five vegetation belts, distributed with southern hemlock, lobular boxwood, Wuyi Yushan bamboo and other rare plant communities, almost covering the Chinese subtropical All subtropical native evergreen broad-leaved forests and rocky vegetation communities.

Mount Wuyi

Biological resources

In 2007, 3,728 species of plants were known in Wuyishan. The number of seed plants ranks in the forefront in the mid-subtropical region, with 31 species belonging to 27 genera of China’s endemic genera, and many such as ginkgo are 3728 species of single species. The number of seed plant species ranks in the forefront in the mid-subtropical region, with 31 species belonging to 27 genera of China, and many such as ginkgo are single species of relict plants; as of 2007, there are 28 rare and endangered species listed in the Chinese Plant Red Book, such as Liriodendron, silver bell tree, southern hemlock, sightseeing wood, purple stem and so on. The orchids of Wuyi Mountain are particularly rich. There are 78 species of 32 genera, wide-ranging orchids, multi-flower width and wide-ranging orchids are new records in China, and Woodlands has released a new record for Fujian Province. There are 14 ferns, such as Wuyishan Iron Fern, Wuyi hoofed fern, Wuyi ear fern, Wuyi pseudotumor foot, Wuyi powder back fern, Wuyi convex axis fern, etc. There are so many kinds. The ancient and famous trees of Wuyi Mountain have the characteristics of ancient, large, rare and many, such as the ancient gui of 880 years old in Wuyi Palace and the southern yew of 980 years old in the pit, which have extremely high scientific research and preservation value.

In 2007, there were 5,110 species of animals known in Wuyi Mountain, including 71 species of mammals, 256 species of avians, 40 species of fish, 35 species of amphibians, 73 species of reptiles, and 4,635 species of insects (more than 700 of them). New species, 20 new records in China). Among the animal species, especially the amphibians, reptiles and Kunmings are widely known. Chinese and foreign biologists refer to Wuyishan as “the key to study amphibians and reptiles”, “bird paradise” and “the kingdom of snakes”. “Insect world.” There are 46 species of animals that have been included in the International Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) by 2011, and 11 species including black carp, golden scorpion and yellow-bellied horned owl are listed as first-class protection. There are 97 types of protection for the Sino-Japanese and Chinese-Australian Migratory Birds Protection Agreement. There are 49 species of endemic wild animals in China, such as Chong’an (Corner), Chong’an lizard, Chong’an scaled snake, and hanging jack bird.

Mount Wuyi

Germplasm resources

The abundant germplasm resources of Wuyi Mountain have long been the focus of Chinese and foreign scientists and research institutions. In the 19th century, scholars from Britain, France, the United States, Austria and other countries entered Wuyishan to collect specimens. Nearly 1000 species of wild animal and plant species have been discovered or collected in Wuyi Mountain, including 57 species of plant model; 779 species of insect model in wild species, and 56 species of vertebrate model. To date, a large number of model specimens have been kept in famous museums in London, New York, Berlin, and Hawaii.

Mount Wuyi

Attractions landscape

Cultural heritage

From the perspective of history and science, Wuyi Mountain has outstanding and universal value, which not only provides unique witness to the ancient civilization and cultural tradition that has disappeared, but also has direct and substantive connection with the ideological and ideological civilization, in line with the world cultural heritage. 3, 5 standards. Nature has given Wuyi Mountain a unique and superior natural environment, attracting the ancient high-ranking scholars, Wenchen military commanders in the mountains or to visit, or seclusion, or writing, or apprentices, to go on and on, you come and go. Natural landscapes have cultivated people’s temperament, enlightened people’s wisdom, and human activities spread, and developed Wuyi Mountain to add luster to natural landscapes. [25] The wisdom of the ancestors, the scribes of the scribes left a large number of cultural relics on both sides of the Jiuqu River: there are 18 monumental ships with high cliffs and thousands of years of immortality; there are Zhu Xi, You Wei, Xiong He, Cai Yuanding, etc. There are 35 ruins of Hongru Daya’s academies; there are more than 450 stone cliffs in the history of ancient Chinese calligraphy art. Among them, there are 13 bans on the protection of Wuyi landscapes, animals and plants by ancient officials and villagers; More than 60 sites.

Mount Wuyi

Ancient Yi culture

It is the earliest time in the hanging ruins discovered at home and abroad. The Wuyi Mountain is rich in historical and cultural relics. As early as 4,000 years ago, there were ancestors who worked and lived here, gradually forming the unique “Old Dai” culture that has been swayed in China at home and abroad, and the subsequent “Yu Yue” culture, which lasted for more than 2,000 years. Many cultural remains are left behind. Reflecting the cultural characteristics of this period, there are mainly “Architectural Ships”, “Hongqiao Plate” and the 490,000-square-meter Han Dynasty Yueyue Wangcheng Site.

The truss and Hongqiao plates in the cliffs of the eastern Wuyi Mountain are the remains of the ancient ancestors, dating back more than 3,000 years. The cotton pieces in the sputum are the earliest cotton textiles found in China. The Wuyi frame is the longest hanging in the country. Therefore, Wuyi Mountain is considered by archaeologists to be the birthplace of the hanging funeral customs. In fact, it is an extremely precious material for studying the history of the pre-Qin and the disappearing ancient Yi culture in China.

Mount Wuyi

Ancient Seoul Ruins

The Wuyishan Seoul Relics Site is a “modernized” city more than 2,200 years ago. In December 1999, it was included in the World Cultural Heritage List. It is also the only Han Dynasty ruins in the Han Dynasty listed in the “World Heritage” list. The site covers an area of 480,000 square meters of Seoul, with a high historical and cultural value. It is the most complete preserved Han Dynasty ancient city site south of the Yangtze River in China. It is unique in creating site selection, construction techniques and style. It is a typical representative of ancient Chinese southern cities and plays an important role in the history of Chinese and world architecture. A large number of precious cultural relics have been excavated, such as daily pottery, ceramic building materials, writing watts, iron bronzes, etc., representing the advanced productive forces at that time, reflecting the highest level of Chinese civilization, studying the ups and downs of the Han dynasty in the Han Dynasty and the Jiangnan economy. The history of cultural development provides important material information. On December 20, 2013, the Wuyishan Seoul Ruins were listed in the National Archaeological Site Park.

Mount Wuyi

Taoist Cave Day

It is said that there are thirty-six days of Taoism and seventy-two places of good fortune. The world thinks that the heavens are in the sky, the auspicious and the more blessed, the salty and admiring. Taoist sneak lord, the magpies live in the quiet mountain forest, so choose the fairy tale, build the palace view, the period of the fairy wind and the merits of the garden. Since the ages, the Taoist monks have survived, and the pilgrims have been lingering, so Dongtianfudi has become the prevailing place of China’s splendid rivers and mountains. Dong Tian Fu Di, also known as the 36 small hole days.

Mount Wuyi

Wuyi Palace

Wuyi Palace, also known as the Fairy View, Chongyou Temple, and Wannian Palace, is located in the Nanxun of Dawangfeng, and is adjacent to the Jiuqu Xikou. It is the place where the emperors sacrificed Wuyijun in the past, and it is also one of the six famous viewpoints of the Song Dynasty. According to the “Wuyishanzhi” record: Wuyi Palace was built in the Tang Tianbao period (742-755), is the oldest palace in Wuyi Mountain, has a history of more than a thousand years. When Wuyi Palace was first built, it was not on the site, but it was built on the continent of a song, called Tianbao Hall. In the second year of Nantang Baoda (944), Yuanzong Li Wangjing and his younger brother Li Liangzuo “resigned into the road”, and then moved to build this site, the name “Jianxianguan”. After the completion of the Fairy View, the feudal rulers of the ancestors of the ancestors of the past dynasty, did not hesitate to spend a lot of money, repaired and expanded the palace many times, and renamed it “Zhong Youguan”. The Southern Song poet Xin Qiji, the poet Lu You, the philosopher Liu Zijun, and Zhu Xi were all in charge of Chongyou. Yuan Taiding five years (1328), changed to a palace, called “Wan Nian Gong.” In the four years of Mingzheng (1439), the view was destroyed in the military. Tianshun and Chenghua years (1457-1487), although the government has repeatedly funded and repaired, it has not been able to restore the old view. In the four years of Jiajing (1525), the view was burned again, and the next year was a recovery. That is the Wuyi Palace. The Wuyi Palace, which has a long history, has been repaired in all generations, but it has not been able to survive several times and burned down. In the past few years from 2006 to 2008, with the support of the tourism and cultural departments, the main hall of Wuyi Palace was restored. The two laurel trees in the courtyard were preserved in the Song Dynasty and were ancient trees from 800 to 900 years old. The plan to fully restore Wuyi Palace will be gradually carried out. This age-old name will surely reproduce the majestic past.

Mount Wuyi

Natural heritage

Tianyoufeng

Tianyou Peak has an elevation of 408m and a relative height of 215m. It is a rock ridge extending from north to south. It is connected to the Xianyou Rock in the east, the Xianzhang Peak in the west, the cliffs rise, and the walls rise above the peaks. There is a peak on the peak that flows down the cliff to form a height difference of about 120m. There are many famous ancient trees on the peak, and the evergreen broad-leaved forest is lush. Xu Xiake, a famous geographer of the Ming Dynasty, praised: “If you don’t come to the river, you can win the Jiuxi. This peak should be the first.”

On the stone wall next to the peak of Huma, there are nearly a hundred stone cliffs in the past. The largest one is the “First Mountain”, which was written by Xu Qingchao, the general of the dynasty of the dynasty. It means that Tianyou Peak is the “first resort of Wuyi” and it is supposed to be called “the first mountain.” It has also been explained that Wuyi Mountain is a famous Taoist mountain, and it is the 16th liter of the true Yuanhua Cave in the 36th hole.

Mount Wuyi

Jiuquxi

Jiuqu River originates from the lush Wuyishan Nature Reserve in the forest, with a total length of 62.8 kilometers. In addition to the natural bending of the river, a section of the river entering the scenic area is also controlled by the fracture direction of multiple groups of rock formations, forming a deep mean meander, which makes the 9.5-kilometer-long river with a straight line distance of only 5 km and a curvature of 1.9. The water flow in Jiuqu River is clear, the water source is abundant, and the water quality reaches the national standard for ground water.

Mount Wuyi

Dahongpao Scenic Area

Dahongpao Scenic Area is located in the center of Wuyishan Scenic Area, within the famous Grand Canyon “Kowloon窠”. This is a deep and long valley controlled by the east-west fault structure. The valley is deep, and the two long-striped single-sided mountains are towering and stone-streaked. The nine dangerous peaks are divided into north and south, and the unique joints develop and make the peaks and ridges. ups and downs.

The world-famous Dahongpao grows on the cliffs to the north of the bottom of the Shibuya Valley in Kowloon. There are two large and small bonsai-style ancient tea gardens, six quaint and secluded tea trees. It has a history of more than 340 years.

In July 2007, the last 20 grams of Dahongpao tea picked from the 350th mother tree was collected by the National Museum of China. This is the first time that modern tea has been hidden in Guobo. In the future, Wuyishan will no longer produce the mother tree Dahongpao tea.

Mount Wuyi

Water curtain hole

Wuyishan Shuilian Cave is one of the famous 72 holes in Wuyi Mountain. Located in the north of Zhangtang Temple. Entering the scenic spot, there is a small waterfall that plunges down from the top of Xiabin Rock. It is called the Xiaoshui Cave, and it is up to the water curtain hole. The top of the cave is covered with dangerous rock, and the cave is deep inside the converging rock waist. The opening is wide and oblique, and the top of the cave is cool and shaded. The two flying springs poured from the sloping top of the rock over a hundred meters, like two dragons jetting dragons, floating in the mountains, and like two bead curtains, hanging from the sky to the human world, it is also known as the Zhuzhu Cave.

The water curtain cave is covered with the inscription of Danya. Among them, there is a slogan that takes Zhu Xi’s seven famous words, “When the canal is clear, it is a source of active water.” There are Ming Dynasty attractions inscribed “Water Curtain Cave” and the couplet stone inscription “Ancient and modern sunny and rainy day, spring and autumn flowers and moons.”

Mount Wuyi

Wuyishan National Nature Reserve

Wuyishan Nature Reserve is famous for its majestic mountains and biodiversity. It is located across the Wuyi Mountain, Jianyang and Glossy cities (counties) of Fujian Province and the lead mountain counties of Jiangxi Province. The total area is 56527.4 hectares. The main peak of Huanggang Mountain is The boundary mountains of Fujian Province and Jiangxi Province are located in Yangzhuang Township, Wuyishan City, Fujian Province, and Wuyishan Town, Lead Mountain County, Jiangxi Province. The southern foothills of the mountain belong to Fujian Province, and the northern foothills belong to Jiangxi Province. The highest peak is 2157.8 meters above sea level. The first peak in the southeast of the mainland is the highest peak in the six provinces and one city in the east of China. It is known as the “East of East China” and “the pillar of Wuyi”. It is the largest nature reserve in Fujian Province, 60 kilometers away from Wuyishan City. It is the most intact mid-subtropical forest ecosystem in the world with the same latitude. The protected area was built in 1979 and is a national key protected area of ​​forest ecology and wildlife types. In 1987, it was accepted by UNESCO as a member of the World Conservation Network of the Man and the Biosphere. In 1992, it was designated by the United Nations as a global diversity protection zone. There are 155 national nature reserves in the country. The Wuyishan Nature Museum was built on the bank of the Sangang in the reserve.

The peaks in the protected area are continuous. The Huanggang Mountain in the north is 2158 meters above sea level. It is the highest peak in the southeast of China. It is known as the “East of East China” and the resort is about 90 kilometers away from the top of Huanggang. It contains all the types of vegetation in the mid-subtropical region of China, and is also a world-famous wildlife park. Climbing the Huanggang Mountain, you can see the Tongmuguan fault zone and the ancient scorpion fly waterfall along the way, and appreciate the vertical spectrum of the vegetation: the tree populations of the sweet sorghum and the woody are distributed vertically between 350-1400 meters above sea level; 1700 meters is the coniferous and broad-leaved transitional forest belt; it is located in the mid-mountain moss dwarf forest belt at an altitude of 1700-1970 meters. It is distributed at the top of Huanggang Mountain at 1700-2158 meters or in the low-lying section of the gentle slope. Extremely special, fertile wild grass, marsh, wild grass and other forms of mountain greenery “grassland”. Zhongshan meadows, sunrises and sea of clouds are a major tourist feature of Huanggang Mountain. There are more than 5,000 species of wild animals in Wuyishan that were known in 2012. There are 57 national key protected animals.

In January 1999, the joint application of the protected area and Wuyishan Scenic Spot to the World Double Heritage List was successful. This area has become the only protected area in China that is both a world biosphere reserve and a world double heritage reserve. In December 2006, It was listed as the first batch of nature reserve demonstration units by the State Forestry Administration. The Wuyishan Reserve has a very important position and role in the ecological construction of the West Coast and even the whole country, and has become a business card for Fujian Forestry.

Mount Wuyi

Development and construction

Important value

The western part of Wuyi Mountain is a key area for global biodiversity conservation. It distributes the most complete, most typical and largest sub-tropical native forest ecosystem in the world at the same latitude.

In view of Wuyishan’s above-mentioned natural and cultural resources of outstanding significance and universal value, the Chinese government recommended Wuyishan to declare the dual heritage of world nature and culture. Wuyishan was listed on the World Heritage List by UNESCO in December 1999 and became a common asset of all mankind.

Wuyi Mountain is a landscape that has been preserved for more than 12 centuries. It has a series of excellent archaeological sites and ruins, including the site of the Han Dynasty built in the 1st century BC, a large number of temples and the ruins of the school associated with the Zhuzi Science School in the 11th century. It is also the cradle of ancient Chinese Zhuzi science. As a theory, Zhu Zixue has dominated East Asia and Southeast Asian countries for many centuries and has influenced a large part of the world in philosophy and politics.

Mount Wuyi

Receive honor

In 1979, Wuyishan Nature Reserve was listed as a national key nature reserve.
In 1982, Wuyishan was listed as a national key scenic spot.
In 1987, the Wuyishan Nature Reserve was included in the World Man and Biosphere by UNESCO.
In 1992, Wuyishan Nature Reserve was listed as a global biodiversity conservation area by the United Nations.
In 1992, the State Council approved the establishment of the Wuyishan National Tourism Resort.
In September 1993, the State Council approved the establishment of the Wuyishan Air Port as a national first-class port.
In January 1999, it was named by the National Tourism Administration as the first batch of China’s outstanding tourist cities.
In October 1999, it was awarded the second batch of demonstration sites for civilized scenic spots in China by the Central Civilization Office, the Ministry of Construction, and the National Tourism Administration.
In 2003, it was rated as one of the “Top Ten Famous Mountains in China” by the state.
In 2007, it was named by the National Tourism Administration as the first batch of national AAAAA-level tourist cities.
In 2010, he was named one of the “Top Ten Most Happier Places in the World” by the authoritative travel book “The Lone Star Travel Guide”.
In 2012, Wuyishan was awarded the title of “Charming City with Chinese Characteristics”.
In 2013, Wuyishan was selected as “the most beautiful spot in China” by CNN, a famous American media.
In November 2013, Wuyi Shandong Reservoir was rated as National Water Conservancy Scenic Spot by the Ministry of Water Resources.
On December 3, 2013, it was included in the National Ecotourism Demonstration Zone by the National Tourism Administration.
On December 20, 2013, the Hancheng Site of Wuyishan was listed in the National Archaeological Site Park.
In December 2013, Wuyishan was selected as one of the top 100 cities in China’s tourism competitiveness in 2013, ranking 13th.
In February 2014, the “New Economic Foundation” was published by the British Telegraph as one of the “Top Ten Places of Happiness Index in the World” for the global ecology and human living environment.
In December 2015, it was awarded the title of “2015 China Internet + Tourism Year First Pioneer” by Xinhuanet and China Internet + Tourism Scenic Spot Big Data Application Alliance.

Mount Wuyi

History and culture

History

Wuyi Mountain is a famous historical and cultural mountain. As early as the Neolithic period, the ancient Yue people have already thrived here. Today, the “frame ship” and “Hongqiao board” left on the cliff are the unique custom of the ancient Yue people. During the Western Han Dynasty, Emperor Wu of Han had sent messengers to Wuyishan to sacrifice Wuyijun with dried fish. In the Tang Dynasty, the Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty was famous for its mountains and rivers, and Wuyi Mountain was also sealed and recorded. It also clearly protects the forest and is not allowed to cut down. At the end of the Tang Dynasty and the Five Dynasties, Du Guangting listed Wuyi Mountain as one of the 36 holes in the world in the “Dong Tian Fu Di Ji”, which was called “the 16th literary real elementized cave day”. In the second year of Song Shaosheng (1095), the prayer rain was accepted, and Wu Yijun was also shown as a real person.

Wuyi Mountain is a famous mountain of three religions. Since the Qin and Han Dynasties, Wuyi Mountain has been the habitat of the plum-flowing Zen family, leaving many sites of the palace, the Taoist temple and the temple. Wuyishan was once the place where Confucian scholars advocated lectures.

Mount Wuyi

Travel guide

Ticket price

From October 1st, 2018, Wuyi Mountain Scenic Area changed the ticket price of the previous one, two and three days as a ticket price, and implemented the price of the peak season, that is, the ticket price in the peak season (March to November) was reduced from 160 yuan to 160. 140 yuan, the low season (December to February) ticket prices from 160 yuan to 120 yuan (effective within 3 days).

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