Geographic location:Yongcheng City, Henan Province
Famous scenery:Hanliangwang Tomb Group, Python Monument, Dahan Xiongfeng, Chen Sheng Tomb, Fuzi Cliff
Suitable for the play season:Spring and autumn
Located in Yongcheng City, Henan Province, Mangshan Mountain Han Culture Tourist Scenic Spot is a national AAAAA-level tourist attraction integrating landscape tourism, cultural appreciation and ecological leisure. Lianhuo Expressway and Jiyu Expressway pass through the scenic spot. Zhengxu High-speed Railway Yongcheng North Station is only 4.5 kilometers away from the scenic spot.
The Mangshan Mountain Han Cultural Tourism Scenic Area covers an area of 14 square kilometers. There are Hanliangwang Tombs, Liubang Viper, Dahan Xiongfeng, Mangshan Mountain Geological Park, Chensheng Tomb, Fuzi Cliff and other attractions. The treasures of the national treasures unearthed in the Western Han Dynasty tombs, such as the four gods, the golden treasures and other Chinese treasures.
The Mangshan Mountain Han Culture Tourism Scenic Spot is a pilot unit for the standardization of national Han culture inheritance services. On February 25, 2017, the Mangshan Mountain Han Culture Tourism Scenic Spot in Yongcheng City, Henan Province was officially promoted to the national AAAAA level tourist attraction.
The Mangshan Mountain Han Culture Tourism Scenic Area is located in Mangshan Town, Yongcheng City, and is connected to the six major tourist cities of Xi’an, Luoyang, Zhengzhou, Kaifeng, Xuzhou and Lianyungang. It is about 80 kilometers away from Xuzhou Guanyin Airport in the east and 90 kilometers away from Shangqiu Airport in the west. The Yongsong Highway and the Shangxu Highway run through it. The Lianhuo Expressway and the Jiuyu Expressway are connected by the “Ten” word. There are two expressway entrances and exits of Lianhuo Expressway Mangshan Station and Jiyong Expressway Yongcheng North Station. Yongcheng North Station is 4.5 km away.
The Mang Mountain area is a warm temperate monsoon climate with four distinct seasons and sufficient sunshine. The annual average temperature is 14.34 ° C, the annual average rainfall is 871.3 mm, the rainfall is abundant, and the temperature is moderate. The Alkali River and Wang Yin River pass through.
The Mangga Mountain Area was formed in the middle and late Yanshan Mountains, dating from 0.8 to 137 million years ago. Mount Mangshan is mainly composed of limestone and fine-grained rock. The main peak of Mount Mang Mountain is divided into light stone soil, lime stone soil, cinnamon soil, tidal cinnamon soil and silt in order from the top of the mountain to the flat land in front of the mountain. The Mang Mountain is a denuded hilly land with more than 20 large and small hills. The main peak of Mount Mang Mountain is centered at an altitude of 156.8 meters. Among them, Baoanshan Mountain, Lishan Mountain, and Shandong Mountain, Huangtu Mountain, Tiejia Mountain, Fuzi Mountain, Taoshan West, Moshan, Mashan, Xushan, Zhoushan, Wangshan, Yushan, etc. are in the north.
Mount Mangshan is the only mountain group in the Yudong Plain. The Qin and Han culture remains in Bifeng. The Mangshan Mountain Han Culture Scenic Area covers an area of 14 square kilometers. It is now open to the public: Hanliang Wangling Scenic Area, Fuzi Mountain Scenic Area, Chensheng Garden Scenic Area, Dahan Xiongfeng Scenic spots, Mangshan Mountain Geological Park, etc.
Liu Bang’s Snake is a monument to the descendants of the Han Gaozu Liu Bang to kill the snake. It is located in the south of the main peak of Mount Mang. It was built in the period of Emperor Wen of the Han Dynasty and was rebuilt several times. It is now a replica of the Ming Dynasty stone monument. The monument is 2.39 meters high. The monuments are “Sun and Moon” and “Hanggao Python”. The monument is a huge plaque. Hey, the nighttime light stone monument shows Liu Banggao’s mighty illusion, which is known as “the wonder of the world”.
The Queen’s Mausoleum is located at the north peak of Baoan Mountain in Mount Mang, sitting on the west side of the west, about 200 meters from the tomb of Liang Xiaowang in the south. There are two tombs, about 80 meters long and 5.5 meters wide from north to south. 34 side rooms and cloisters, the plane area of the tomb is 1.6. 10,000 square meters, the volume is about 6,500 cubic meters, the scale is magnificent, the shape is complex, is the largest stone chamber tomb found in China so far, known as the “first mausoleum of the world stone chamber.” In the tomb, there are the earliest freezers, toilets and mysterious acacias in China. In 1991, the Queen’s Mausoleum was awarded the “Top Ten Archaeological Discoveries in 1991”.
Liang Xiaoling Mausoleum
The tomb of Liang Xiao is the tomb of Liang Wu Wang Liu Wu, and the north peak is the tomb of Mrs. Liu Wu, the Queen of Li, and belongs to the underground palace where the husband and wife “the same grave”. Liang Xiaowang’s tomb is composed of a mountain, with a total length of 96 meters, a maximum width of 32 meters and an area of about 700 square meters. In 1994, he was named one of the top ten archaeological discoveries in the country during the Eighth Five-Year Plan period. In 1996, it was approved as a national key cultural relics protection unit.
Liang Gongling Mausoleum
The Tomb of the Communist Party of the Communist Party of China is the tomb of Wang Liu, the king of Liang Gong, located in the southeast of the Tomb of Liang Xiao. During the excavation process, a large number of horses and horses, pottery scorpions and weapons were unearthed in the tombs and underground palaces, and a large number of precious ones weighing about 5.5 tons, 2.25 million pieces of copper coins, toilets and toilets, and the name of the “Venus of the East” Cultural relics. In the front hall of the underground palace, there is a national treasure-level cultural relic – “The Four Gods and Clouds”, representing the highest achievement of Western Han Dynasty’s painting art. It is known as “Dunhuang before Dunhuang and Dunhuang outside Dunhuang”. The Tomb of the Communist Party of Liang is a major archaeological find of the Tomb of the King of the Han Dynasty in the Mangshan Mountains. In 1994, it was named one of the top ten new archaeological discoveries in the country.
Tomb of Chen Sheng
The tomb of Chen Sheng is located in the southwest corner of the main peak of Mount Mang Mountain. It sits north to south and is a stone coupon. The existing tomb is 2.6 meters high and the circumference is about 27.3 meters. There is a blue stone wall around it, and a tall stone monument stands in front of the tomb. The inscription “The Tomb of Chen Shengzhi, the leader of the peasant uprising in the late Qin Dynasty” was inscribed by Guo Moruo. The tomb is surrounded by mountains and is nestled between pines and cypresses. After Liu Bang said that he had sent 30 servants to the ancestors, the locals still recognize them as descendants of the grave guardians.
Dahan Xiongfeng is located in the Red Peak of the main peak of Mount Mang, and was built to commemorate Liu Bang’s creation of the 400-year-old Han Dynasty in the Mangshan Mountain Python Uprising. The statue is 29.9 meters high, the base is 11 meters high and the total height is 40.9 meters. It is the largest historical figure statue in Asia. Visitors can take the elevator to the sightseeing platform on the shoulder of the statue. The scenery around the Mang Mountain is 80. Visitors will truly appreciate the artistic conception of “will be the top of the mountain, and the mountains will be small”.
Confucius Cliff, also known as Confucius, sheltered from the rain. It is located on the southern slope of Fuzi Mountain and is a natural cave. Legend has it that in the end of the Spring and Autumn Period, Confucius led his disciples to travel to the country to go to Cao Shisong, and to go to Mount Mang, and it was raining heavily. Confucius and teachers tried to avoid the rain. The cave is about 8 meters north and south, about 10 meters from east to west, and 2 meters high. The walls are neat and the bottom of the hole is smooth. There is a statue of Confucius in the cave, arched and necked, sitting on the knees, the image is 1 meter high, and the carving is fine and lifelike. The “Shiya Dicui” here is one of the eight scenic spots in Yongcheng.
Confucius Temple is also known as the Confucian Temple. It is located in the southern foot of Fuzi Mountain in Mount Mang. Confucius was named after Confucius who was sheltering from the rain, drying books, and giving lectures while traveling around the country. Later generations commemorated the temple, built a stone temple and set up a stone monument.
The age of the Confucius Temple was unknown, and it was burned by the soldiers at the end of the Ming Dynasty. The existing Confucian Temple is a building at the end of the Qing Dynasty. It faces south and is composed of the Kaishen Hall, the East and West Chambers and the Dacheng Gate. In the courtyard, there are three stone monuments under the shade of two millennium cypresses.
The Mangshan Mountain Geological Park covers a total area of about 50 square kilometers and is divided into two parks, Mangshan and Yushan. There are five scenic spots, namely Baoan Mountain, Mangshan Mountain, Fuzi Mountain, Lushan Mountain and Yushan Mountain. The open area is currently located in Baoshan Scenic Area. The scenic spots include the Mangshan Mountain Geological Museum, the Geological Culture Square, the Cambrian Lake, the Cambrian Cultural Corridor, the Cambrian Ecological Park, the 12 Zodiac Garden and the ecological gardening. The various geological and geomorphological relics in the park are typical, unique to eastern Henan and rare in Henan.
The base of the Han Dynasty ritual architecture of Mount Mang, the Hanshan portrait stone tomb, Zhang Feizhai, the site of the Samsung Taoist Temple, the Gujing Ginkgo Tree, the Mangshan Mountain Han Culture Museum, the Mangshan Temple, the Han Gaozu Temple, the Yulong Spring, the Purple Gas Rock, the Red Emperor Feng, Liang Xiaowang’s bed garden ruins, Fuzishan, Guota, Guanyin Pavilion, Wenshitang, Luyuting Memorial Hall, Lu Yuting’s former residence, Lu Ziming Beilin, Luyuting Martyrs’ Tomb, Yucheng Site, Lushan, Yushan.
History and culture
According to the records of “Lushan County”, Mangshan Mountain is a famous quarry in the ancient times. The Yellow Emperor once visited the Mount Mang Mountain, and Chiyou had been here.
From the Western Zhou Dynasty to the Spring and Autumn Period, Mount Mangshan belonged to the territory of the Song Dynasty. It was said that Song Yugong was buried in Lushan. Confucius “go to Cao Shi Song” just happened to pass the Mangshan Mountain to shelter from the rain, leaving the only mountain in the world named “Confuzi” – Fuzi Mountain. “The Immortal Biography”, “Tai Ping Guang Ji” and “Yongcheng County Records” recorded that during the Warring States Period, Mozi once lived in the northern Zhoushan Mountain in Mangga Mountain.
Emperor Qin Shihuang is located in the county of Mangyi, and there are ruins of the city. “Qin Shihuang looked southeast with a temperament, so the east tour was disgusting”; Han Gaozu Liu Bang was hidden in the purple gas rock, and the white snake uprising. “Qin will Zhang Zhang from Chen, don’t set Sima Yi to be the north of the martial arts, and kill the phase, to the shackles.” Liu Bang led the troops and Qin Jun in the Mangshan Mountain battle for three days, regaining the city. After Chen Sheng’s uprising, he was killed by the driver, Zhuang Jia, and was buried at the foot of the south side of the main peak of Mount Mangshan. There is a stone monument of Chen Sheng’s tomb and Guo Moruo’s handwritten book. In 207 BC, Chu Huaiwang “takes Peigong as the county governor, and seals it into Wu’an Hou, and will be the county soldier.” It is based on this unit that Liu Bang was ordered to go west, take Guanzhong, and compete with Xiang Yu, and Established the Han Dynasty.
During the Western Han Dynasty, Han Wendi Liu Heng built the Han Gaozu Temple here and went to worship. Liang Xiaowang Liu Wu once built Dongyuan in the vicinity of Mount Mang, including Luojingyan, Qilong, Hezhou, Yanchi, and Yeouido. Wang Guo, the prince of Liang Guo, regarded Mangshan as the final destination.
During the Wang Shuo period, Bohai Taishou Jiang Yi lived in Yushan. At the end of the Eastern Han Dynasty, Cao Cao set up “touching the gold school” and “general generals” to steal and excavate the 72 ship treasures of the Hanliangwang Tombs on the Mount Mang Mountain in Yongcheng. Liu Bei, Zhang Fei, etc. had competed with Cao Cao for Xuzhou. After Zhang Fei was defeated, he was defended by Mount Mangshan and refused to build a village. So far, there are still more than two meters of stone walls in the cottage. At the end of the Han Dynasty, the high-ranking Shen Tuyu lived here.
In the Tang Dynasty, Xue Rengui “a horse plunged into the black wind, three arrows shot down the Phoenix”, leaving the magical story of the city. During the Tang Xiantong period, Pang Xunmang went to Songzhou in Shanxi and fought against the Tang Dynasty soldiers on the Moshan Mountain. Gao Shi, Li Bai, and Du Fu traveled to Mount Mangshan and passed down the ancient poems.
In the Song Dynasty, the heroes of the otters, Fan Rui, Xiang Chong, Li Yimang, and the mountains, Jue, Song Jiang, Wu Yong, and Gong Sunsheng went to the collection. The “Water Margin” had a essay: “Gongsun Shengmangshan Mountain Demon”, Mei Yichen routed Yongcheng to Mang Mountain Tour.
In the Ming Dynasty, Zhu Zhishan left the poems of “Gong Fengtai”; Li Zicheng contends against the Ming army according to Mangshan.
During the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom period, after the squadron led by Zhang Lexing captured Yongcheng County, “the peasant peasants flocked to the shackles and the military multiplied.”
During the Anti-Japanese War, the national hero Lu Yuting was blood-stained in Li Hei Lou and stayed in the foothills of Mangyi.
The Mangshan Mountain Scenic Area excavated and sorted out the authoritative and representative “Chinese Nine Ceremony” experience activities, providing “opening ceremony” for young children who are going to elementary school; “children’s children’s childhood” “Rite”; symbolizes mature “adult ceremony” for high school and college students; “Han wedding” for new couples; “banquet” for tourists, groups, schools; “respect for the elderly” for the elderly. Visitors can wear Hanfu, learn Hanli, and perform a series of Han culture experience activities such as archery and push ring.
Ancient temple fair
The Mangshan Ancient Temple Fair is the largest millennium temple fair in the hundreds of kilometers between the four provinces of Yulu and Suyu. It is known as the first township of the Central Plains Temple Fair. It integrates trade, tourism, culture, religion and food, and is full of local characteristics. The Chinese folk culture event.
The ancient temples of Mount Mangshan began in Tang Dynasty and have been in Song Dynasty. It has a history of more than a thousand years. The temple fair is four times a year, and the spring temple fair that begins on the third day of the lunar calendar is the most famous. The duration of the festival is about ten days. The temple fair is dedicated to worshiping the gods, praying for blessings, and cultural tourism. The temples have a variety of traditional Chinese folk handicrafts, native products, folk snacks, folks and other ancient Chinese cultural activities. A variety of Han culture etiquette performances.
The Mangshan Temple is also known as the Taishan Grandma Temple. It was originally called Bixia Yuanjun Temple. It was built in the Tang Dynasty in the Han Dynasty. It is located at the top of the southern peak of Baoanshan Mountain. The gods in the Mangshan Temple were originally Bixia Yuanjun, and Bixia Yuanjun was the god of Taoism. It is said that religious beliefs are exclusive, but Buddhism is integrated with the Taishan Grandma Temple in Mangshan and has been renamed as Mangsan Temple. The Mangshan Temple was finally returned to Buddhism. The temple of Buddhism and Taoism in Mangshan Temple has been developed and expanded, and it has become a famous temple in a few hundred miles. This is a miracle. Even in the Cultural Revolution, the Mangshan Temple was destroyed, but the temple fair continued. Many people even sneaked out the scent of the Buddha with great risk, and used the enthusiasm of religion to overcome the difficulties of the world.
In 2002, the Mangshan Mountain Tourist Area was included in the golden tourist belt of “Three Points and One Line” in Henan Province.
In September 2006, Mount Mang Mountain Scenic Area was rated as a national AAAA-level tourist area.
In 2009, Mount Mangshan was included in the Civilized Tourism Scenic Area of Henan Province, and was awarded the “China’s most promising tourist scenic spot” by the Chinese Culture Development Promotion Association.
In 2012, Mount Mang Mountain was selected as one of the top ten cultural industry clusters during the 12th Five-Year Plan period in Henan Province.
In 2014, the Mangshan Mountain Tourist Area was awarded the title of “2014 Henan Provincial Civilized Scenic Area”.
In 2014, Mount Mangshan passed the review of the value of the landscape resources of the national 5A-level tourist attractions.
In December 2015, the standardization of Mangshan Han culture inheritance service passed the national pilot acceptance.
On February 16, 2017, the Mangshan Mountain Han Culture Tourism Scenic Spot in Yongcheng City, Henan Province was evaluated as a national 5A-level tourist scenic spot and publicized on the Internet.
On February 25, 2017, the Mangshan Mountain Han Culture Tourism Scenic Spot in Yongcheng City, Henan Province was officially promoted to the national 5A level tourist attraction.
Cultural relic protection
The tomb of Han Dynasty in Mang Mountain was stolen many times in history. The earliest recorded tomb of the tomb was Cao Cao. The “Three Kingdoms and Wei Shu” recorded: “The rate will be discovered by the school gentleman, and the naked body will be robbed and seized.” “Cloud: “Cao Cao broke Liang Xiaoxiao, and received the treasure. The Son of Heaven smells weeping.”
In 1986, the cultural relics carried out a rescue excavation of the Tomb of the Hanshan Han Dynasty. Many precious cultural relics were unearthed. The most precious thing is the golden enamel clothing.
In 1986, the tomb of the Communist Party of Liang was discovered. In 1987, the excavation was carried out to discover the four gods.
In 1990, Liang Xiaowang was discovered. In 1991, Liang Xiaowang’s Queen’s Mausoleum was awarded the “Top Ten Archaeological Discoveries in 1991”.
In 1992, an archaeological excavation was carried out on the tomb of Baoanshan No. 2 and the discovered Liangxiaowang sleeping garden. The architectural layout of the cemetery and the sleeping garden and the layout of all the tombs of the Liang Dynasty below Liang Xiaowang were discovered.
In 1992, the protection work of the “Four Gods Clouds” officially began. The State Administration of Cultural Heritage agreed and approved the protection plan, and allocated 400,000 yuan for comprehensive research and protection of the mural “Sishen Yunqi”.
At the end of 1993, there were cemeteries stolen, and more than 400 pieces of cultural relics were recovered after the crime was solved. There were mainly jade clothes, jade, jade, jade pigs, beaded ornaments, stone plaques and jade articles. In the autumn of 1995, the cultural relics workers carried out the tomb. After cleaning up, a small amount of artifacts were unearthed, mainly including jade pieces, jade pieces, bronzes and pottery pieces.
In 1994, the excavation of the Western Han Dynasty Liang Xiaowang Mausoleum was named as “National Top Ten Archaeological Discoveries”.
In December 1996, the Hanliang Wang Tomb Group was awarded the fourth batch of national key cultural relics protection units.
In 1998, Yongcheng City carried out an overall plan for the cultural relics of Mount Mangshan.
On February 26, 2003, the Henan Museum’s “Western Han Dynasty “Sishen Yunqi” mural comprehensive protection project” passed the acceptance of the Science and Technology Experts Group of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage.
In May 2013, the base of the Han Dynasty ritual building in Mount Mangshan was awarded the seventh batch of national key cultural relics protection units.
As of January 2016, Mangshan Mountain Temple, Chen Sheng Tomb, Lushan Portrait Stone Tomb, Lu Yuting’s Former Residence, Lu Ziming Beilin, and Lu Yuting Martyrs’ Tombs have all been listed as key cultural relics protection units in Henan Province.
Spring and winter 8:30-17:00;
Summer and autumn 8:00-18:00;
Liu Bangzi Snake: Spring and Winter 8:30-20:00; Summer and Autumn 8:00-21:00
Best time to travel: spring and autumn
Human landscape: ancient architecture, ancient tombs, folk customs
Natural scenery: landscape
Travel preferences: self-guided tours, self-driving tours, mountain climbing, expansion, cultural experiences
National Certification: AAAAA
Tourists enter the park by ticket, one person, one vote.
Pass: 100 scenic spots in the Mang Mountain Tourism Zone 100 yuan / person (including Hanliang Wangling Scenic Area, Liubang Python, Chen Shengyuan Scenic Area, Fuzi Mountain Scenic Area).
Hanliang Wangling Scenic Area (including the Tomb of Liang Xiaoling, the Queen of Liang Xiaowang, the Tomb of the Liang Dynasty): 60 yuan / person.
Liu Bangzi Snake: 30 yuan / person
Chen Shengyuan Scenic Area: 15 yuan / person
Fuzi Mountain Scenic Area: 15 yuan / person
Giving a scenic spot: Mangshan Temple (you can directly visit the six scenic spots in the Mang Mountain Tourism Zone or the Hanling Wangling Scenic Pass)
Free ticket policy
Children under 1.4 meters (accompanied by an adult ticket purchase, except for the student team)
Press card issued by the National Information Agency
Henan senior citizenship certificate
Old people over 70 years old
Preferential policy (50% off ticket purchase)
Holding a full-time student ID card
60-69 year olds
Mang Mountain Tourism Zone is located in Mangshan Township, adjacent to G30 Lianhuo Expressway Mangshan Station and S97 Jiyu Expressway Yongcheng North Station. It is only 4.5 kilometers away from Zhengxu High-speed Railway Yongcheng North Station, and has a high-speed rail station to tourist area tourist line.
Take the high-speed train: Get off at Yongcheng North Station and take the high-speed rail travel line to the Mount Mangshan tourist area, which is 4.5 km away.
Take the bus: After going to Yongcheng, transfer to the Mangshan Tourism Line to the Mang Mountain Tourism Zone.
Shangqiu, Xuzhou, Huaibei, Suzhou, Zhengzhou, Lushan, Xiaoxian, Xia and other stations have Mangshan tourism line.
Self-driving route: 296 km from Lianhuo Expressway, turn right at the exit of Mangshan Station and turn right 0.5 km.