Geographic location:Nanzhao Village, Mianshan Town, Jiexiu City, Shanxi Province
Famous scenery:Longtou Temple, Daluo Palace, Shuitaogou, etc.
Suitable for the play season:Suitable for all seasons
Mianshan Scenic Area is a national AAAAA-level tourist scenic spot, a key scenic spot in Shanxi Province, the birthplace of China’s Ching Ming Festival (Cold Food Festival), China Cold Food Qingming Culture Research Center, China Cold Food Qingming Culture Museum. The Mianshan Scenic Area crosses the boundary of the three cities and counties of Jiexiu, Lingshi and Wuyuan. The highest elevation is 2,560 meters, which is a branch of Taiyue Mountain.
Mianshan originated in the Spring and Autumn Period when Jin Guozi was pushed to live in the mountains, so Mianshan was also known as Jieshan. Mianshan had temple buildings as early as the Northern Wei Dynasty. At the beginning of the Tang Dynasty, it had a considerable scale of Buddhist Zen forest. The antique buildings in Mianshan Scenic Area are diverse in style. From the perspective of architecture, the Mianshan antique architecture takes the longevity of the first-generation architecture, and the modern creativity of the designers and builders. The unique style of modern antique buildings.
Among the architectural groups in Mianshan Scenic Area of Mianshan, there are temples and palaces in the religious buildings; the garden buildings include pavilions, terraces, buildings, pavilions, porches, corridors, plaques and archways; the ancient remains of ancient buildings include ancient camp gates, city ponds and camps. Etc., can be the ancient building museum (garden). There are 14 major scenic spots in Mianshan Scenic Spot, more than 360 small attractions: Human Landscape: Longtou Temple, Longjiling, Liguyan, Hufangquan, Daluo Palace, Tianqiao, Yidouquan, Zhujiawa, Yunfeng Temple, Zhengguo Temple , Jiegongling; natural landscape: Qixian Valley, Guteng Valley, Shuitaogou.
According to legend, at the time of the Spring and Autumn Period, the Jin national aristocratic meson pushed, followed Jin Gongzi’s heavy ear to escape for more than ten years. When he was hungry, he cut off the meat on his thigh and gave it to the ear. After Jin Wengong returned to the country as a queen, he took his mother to Mianshan to live in seclusion. Jin Wengong sent people to look for it. For the persecution, the method of setting fire to the mountain was adopted, but the meson was pushed to death with his mother. Wen Gong learned that grief and indignation had changed, and Mianshan was changed to Jieshan, and Yang County was changed to Jiexiu County. In addition, he will “close the mountain in the mountains and seal it, and think that it will push the field” to show nostalgia. And on the day before the Ching Ming Festival, that is, the day when the meson was burned, no fire was allowed. Every household can only eat cold rice, which is called the “cold food festival”.
Mianshan had a Taoist activity as early as the Spring and Autumn Period. Because of the introduction of the meson, it was sealed as Jieshan; Meson was promoted as one of the pioneers of Taoism, and he practiced the simple thoughts of Taoism, innocence, fame and fortune, and selfless dedication. In the “Lian Xian Chuan” written by Liu Xiang in the Western Han Dynasty, the meson push has been honored as a Taoist god. The Northern Wei Dynasty Road, “Shui Jing Zhu” contains; Shi Tongshui, that is, Mian Shui, out of the Mianshan of Jiexi County, flowing through the west of Shitong Temple. The Shitong Temple is the meson of the meson. Later, people went to Mianshan to explore the ancient times, and visited the sages to seek the way. With the slogan, the activities of the Mianshan Taoist family became more and more prosperous. In 2008, Mianshan was named by the Chinese National Association as the “Hometown of Qingming Cold Food Culture in China”.
Mianshan is located at the southwestern end of the Taiyuan Basin, on the north side of Taiyue Mountain, and on the south bank of the Weihe River. The coordinates are between 110°44′10〞10°-112°10′14〞 east longitude and 36°50′01〞-37°11′04〞 north latitude. It stretches for hundreds of miles, enters Lingshi County in the west, and is adjacent to Wuyuan County in the south. The scenic area has a planned area of 135 square kilometers and a jurisdiction of 40 square kilometers. The highest altitude is 2566.6 meters and the relative height is 1766 meters. The second-level marshalling station of Nantongpu Railway, Jiexiu Station, the first section of Dayun Highway and the 108 National Road cross the county. It is 137 kilometers north of the provincial capital Taiyuan and 135 kilometers south of Linyi. It is the north-south transportation hub of Shanxi Province.
Mianshan consists of the Sinian and Pre-Sinian, Ordovician, and Cambrian systems. It began about 1.9 billion years ago and ended more than 400 million years ago. It was deposited with limestone, dolomite, and sand after the earth was submerged by the sea. Rocks, etc., the mountain continues to rise, the valleys are relatively declining, continue to accept material accumulation, and the settlement speed is greater than the accumulation speed. In order to erode the tectonic limestone high mountain area, it is an erosion structure type with a strong rise in neotectonic movement. There are many karst caves in the valley wall, which develop along the level. Earthquakes are the main performance characteristics of new tectonic movements.
Mianshan groundwater is mainly stored in limestone fissure caves. The total length of Mianshan Shitong Water is 7.5 kilometers, and the flow rate is 0.2-0.5 cubic meters per second. According to the unified analysis and test by the provincial competent department, it is a clean grade. Mianshan not only has springs in the ditch, but also has springs along the top of the tea house, Li Guyan, Wulong Temple, Banshanfeng Fengfang Spring, Longchi, Yiguoquan, and Shangenjiajiazhuang. It is really “how high is the mountain and how high the water is.”
Mianshan is a temperate continental climate with four distinct seasons. Spring sunshine is sufficient, summer rainfall is high, autumn is cool and pleasant, and there are many snow in winter. The coldest in January, the average temperature is 5.1 ° C; the hottest in June and July, the average temperature is 24 ° C. The annual average temperature is 10 °C – -9 °C. The temperature decreases with increasing altitude. For every 100 meters above sea level, the temperature decreases by about 1 degree. The temperature of the sun slope is relatively high. The annual precipitation is 656.2–621.1 mm. The annual average relative humidity is 60%. The southwesterly winds throughout the year have an average wind speed of 2.2 m/s. The wind was much stronger in April, and the wind was small and small in August. The scenery of the four seasons is different and it is suitable for sightseeing. It is especially suitable for winter snow.
Mianshan is a loess-quality mountainous grassland, and the main vegetation is natural forest and natural grassland. The top of the mountain is composed of white sheep grass, moss grass, orchid Oxytropis, iron wormwood, Altai purple flower and part of shrub yellow thorn plum, vinegar and willow, which form dense grassland vegetation. The hillside is a loessy mountain brown soil. The natural vegetation is a luxuriant coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forest and broad-leaved forest. There are astragalus, birch, alfalfa, cypress, arborvitae, oil birch, white pine, scutellaria, hornbeam, and aspen. Wait. The shrubs have Vitex and yellow thorns. Fruit forest has kiwi, Yamanashi, mountain grape, mountain apricot, mountain peach, hawthorn, cherries, trough, jujube, wild walnut and so on. Chinese herbal medicines are very rich, including more than 200 kinds of Ganoderma lucidum, Poria, Codonopsis, Astragalus, Wulingzhi, and Blood. The surface coverage is above 90%.
Mianshan animals, beasts include leopards, mountain pigs, goats, donkeys, wolves, foxes, lynx, lynx, lynxes, squirrels, squirrels, locusts, hares, bats, bats, etc.; birds have red-crowned cranes, magpies, crows, Owls, lynx, swallows, cuckoos, pulsatillas, spotted pheasants, pheasants, woodpeckers, scutellaria, blue talons, sparrows, etc. Reptiles include snakes, crickets, muse, crickets, frogs, spiders, and butterflies. In addition, there are fish and shrimp in the water of Shitong.
The Longtou Temple, formerly known as Tayantou, was named after the Huangta Slope in the Huangshipo. In the fifteenth year of the Tang Emperor’s view (641), when Emperor Taizong was lucky enough to drive the Mianshan ritual Buddha, he had the name of Shuanglong. There are places of interest such as Jude Hall, Guandi Temple, Zhenwu Temple and Nantianmen. There are “Ye Jianying Marshal on Mianshan”, “Zuo Chuan meson pushes no words”, Qu Yuan “Nine Chapters”, Song Tingkui “Mianshan Fu”, Tang Taizong royal system poetry monument, etc. These stone carvings are to appreciate the thick history and culture of Mianshan The main landscape. It is also a wonderful place to see the clouds and the sunset.
Longji Ridge, Meson Push Mother and Child Statue, Health Garden
Longji Ridge is named for its position on the back of Shuanglong. The tourist area mainly displays Litang military culture and Taoist health culture. There are more than 20 scenic spots such as Longtoutou, Longjingquan, Longxu Waterfall, Meson Pushing Mother and Child Giant Statue, Zhenwu Temple, Bagua Park and Yangzhi Pavilion. The son-in-chief statue is vivid and vivid, reappearing the scene when the meson pushed the mother to return to Mianshan. Mianshan Tangying is the only remaining ancient dynasty in the Tang Dynasty. Supervising the battlefield, inserting flagstones and other historical relics, tells the story of Qin Wang Li Shimin’s warlord. Mianshan’s aura attracts many immortals and saints. There are only more than ten places in the ancient dynasty of Boji, such as Bozi Chang, Peng Zu, Zi Qiao, Hua Wei, Han Zhong Li, Lu Dongbin and Chen Yu. An ancient health reserve. The health source used a stone tablet to make a concise and vivid introduction to the health practice.
Li Guyan, also known as Huangguyan, is a rare tourist attraction in the country. Here is the Qing Dynasty Shunzhi seventeen years (1660) of the Jiexiu Liang Zhongyu “repair of Li Guyan”: “Mianshan’s rock is known as Li Guyan.” According to legend, in the fifteenth year of Emperor Guan (641), Princess Tangzong of the Tang Dynasty, Princess Zhao Zhao, accompanied the Buddha, and at this point, he was burned for years, and he was sent to the shore to show his help. Later generations molded their statues.
Located on the west side of Longji Ridge, Li Guyan is a natural giant cave with a length of more than 200 meters, a depth of more than 20 meters and a height of more than 30 meters. The temple hall is divided into two upper and lower floors. Built on the hill, it has its own characteristics. Among them, there are temples such as Huanggu Temple, Shijia Hall, Guandi Hall, Dulongwang Temple, Luohantang, and Three Buddha Halls.
The nine sculptures in the Huanggu Temple are all relics of the Tang Dynasty and are very precious. Huanggulou was the place where Li Gu practiced meditation, and the setting and murals reappeared the style of the Tang Dynasty. The origins of other temples are related to Li Gu, and there are many touching stories.
The entire tourist area is located in the shade of the original forest trees, with clouds and cigarettes, and the Qing Dynasty, a quaint atmosphere, is a unique landscape of the Mianshan tourist area. Therefore, for thousands of years, among the people of Sanjin, there is a saying in Mianshan that “Qianyouyan, Wanyouyan, the most beautiful is Liguyan”. In order to facilitate tourists, the sightseeing cable car up and down the Longji Ridge has been opened, making it easy and safe for people to go to Liguyan.
Bee House Spring, Patio Moon View
Hufangquan, also known as Shengruquan, and the mother’s teat, is a rare natural wonder, China’s unique hanging spring. The Northern Song Dynasty prime minister Zhang Shangying used to use: “Shui Doupifang Spring, Shantou Deer (granary) top round; wind blowing pockets, clouds cover the sky” to describe the mountainous terrain here. On the huge cliff, dozens of mossy stone milk, milk, such as pearl broken line, sizzling in the drip pool, like the sound of the mountains and water played by the strings. During the reign of Emperor Kangxi in the Qing Dynasty, Fushan, a famous mountain in Shanxi, once compared this spring water to the most authentic method of the Buddha and the best of the cheese. Even the gods of the dragon can only taste a spoonful, not many greed. Poetry Cloud: “Foen Quiet, Stone Milky Dragon Longtan. Hui this merit eight, clear the body of the three. A spoonful of lame, that Gaga is not greedy.” The scenic spot is also expected Fengmen, Wulong Temple, Sihai Dragon King Hall, Sanhuangge, Wuyue Temple, Mazu Temple, Madonna, Baxian Cave, Shangshan Ruo Shui Pai Building and other attractions.
Daluo Palace Tourist Area
The Daluo Palace tourist area is commonly known as “Zhongyan”. “Sanqing, 曰大罗”. Taoism believes that there are thirty-six heavy in the sky, and the top of the thirty-sixth is Da Luotian, so this palace is the Da Luo Palace, which means the highest fairy palace.
The Da Luo Palace is built on the hillside, with a floor and a pavilion. The entire building area is more than 30,000 square meters, a total of 13 floors, a total height of 110 meters, visitors praised “can compete with the Potala Palace”, can be described as the first palace of the world.
The age of the Daluo Palace was unknown. It is said that during the Spring and Autumn Period, the meson was pushed to Mianshan to live in seclusion. There are traces of Taoist activities. Some temples have begun to take shape in the Eastern Han Dynasty. In the eleventh year of Tang Kaiyuan (723), when Emperor Xuanzong came out of the Valley of the Rats, he made a special trip to Mianshan to cherish the memory of the former pilgrimage ancestors, and felt the grace of the Mianshan gods to protect the Li Tang dynasty. . Later, during the Song Dynasty Yuanyou years, Ming Wanli years, and the Qing Dynasty Kanggan years, the official and the folks repeatedly repaired. It was burned down by the Japanese army in 1940. In 1998, Sanjia Company was rebuilt on the original site to become the winner of today.
This area includes the lecture altar, the mixed Yuan Temple and the Qun Xian Temple in the main hall of the Da Luo Palace. There are also temples such as Lingxiao Temple, Sanqing Hall, Fortuna Temple, Salvation Hall, Yuanchen Hall, Sanguan Hall, Wu Laojun Hall, and Doum Temple. In the exhibition hall, Mianshan Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties are known as “Dunhuang in Shanxi”. The Tibetan Classical Pavilion is the largest collection of places in China’s scenic spots. The woodcuts, stone carvings, and English, Japanese, and Russian translations of the “Tao Jing” in the palace can be regarded as the great view of the culture of Tao Te Ching. There is a natural stone cave on the rock, and there are white clouds floating in the summer, so it is called “Baiyun Cave”. A grasshopper is built next to the cave, called Baiyun. The stone carvings of the Diamond Sutra inside the temple are rare cultural relics left over from the Tang Dynasty.
The bridge is named after the plank road built on the cliff. It has a history of more than a thousand years. It is more than 300 meters long and more than 1 meter wide. It is more than 80 meters above the peak and is high into the cloud table. It is more than 300 meters below the bottom of the ditch and is suspended on dangerous rock. Every time the rain surges, people pass by on the bridge, and the clouds fly under the feet, so that people have a smooth blue sky and a sense of sensation. The main buildings in the scenic area are the Cave God Palace, the Zu Shi Temple, the Qizhen Temple, the Jellyfish Hall, the Hanging Promenade, etc. and look back at Bailong, Rabbit Bridge and Shoushi Stone. There are holes in the practice of Kong Ming and Zhang Liang. In addition, there is Shirazhai, the most dangerous military fortress in ancient China. The terrain is steep and easy to defend.
Dongshen Palace was Tang Wude three years (620). Qin Wang Li Shimin and Liu Wuzhou had a great victory in the cave of the Taishen Palace. Li Shimin of Tang Taizong felt the grace of God, and he rebuilt it in the 16th year of the reign of Emperor Guan (642). The official and folk of the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties have successively increased. In 1940, the Japanese army was destroyed. In 1998, Sanjia Company was expanded on the original site.
One bucket spring
A bucket of spring is a naturally occurring stone spring, named after only a bucket of water. Legend has it that a long time ago, Mianshan lacked water, and Yuanshi Tianzun traveled to this place. With the dust and the water of the East China Sea, it sprinkled a few times on Mianshan. Mianshan appeared a lot of spring water. Finally, it dripped here to form a bucket of spring.
Zhu Jiawa, Wolong Hotel
The Zhujiagou Scenic Spot in Mianshan is related to the rise of the Zhuming Dynasty and is a “holy trace”. It is said that in the last years of the Yuan Dynasty, Zhu Wusi, the father of Ming Taizu Zhu Yuanzhang, practiced here and prayed to protect the children and grandchildren. As a result, his son Zhu Yuanzhang unified China under the blessing of Lingbao Tianzun, became the emperor, and established the Daming Dynasty. In the eighteenth year of Hongwu, the seventeenth Emperor Zhu Quan came to Mianshan Xie En, Daxing Tumu, Xiudong Dongxuan Palace, this is the origin of Zhu Jiawa.
Zhu Jiawa is the dojo of Shangling Lingbao Tianzun, and the left and right temples are the Shifang Lingbao Hall and the Zhuxian Hall. On the west hill, there is the Yuhuangge. In the 21st year of Jiajing (1542), Zhu Shizong built a building here, praying for the fortune of the Ming Dynasty. Under the rock is the Wolong Hotel, the original intention comes from the “Yi Jing” “hidden in the Yuan”, “see the adults.” In the Ming Dynasty, it was a mountain house. When the Emperor of the Ming Dynasty came to the mountain, he was stationed here, so he called the Wolong Hotel.
Yunfeng Temple, formerly known as Baowei Temple, was named after the building of the abdomen rock. It was built in the period of Cao Wei of the Three Kingdoms, and the construction of Gaochun Digong was started, dating back more than 1.7 years. The abdomen rock sits on the east side of the west, 60 meters high, 50 meters deep, 180 meters long, divided into two layers, holding more than 200 temples and pavilions in the “belly”, with two thousand years of historical civilization in the world. “Nothing.” The main attractions include the Pilu Temple, the Yuhuang Pavilion, the Empty Wang Temple, the Wulong Temple, the Digong Cave, the Gonggong Cave, the Chichao Cave, the Wulongsong, the Tiesuoling, and the “Tangtang Weizhou Temple”. . The temple is dedicated to the local true god meson push, the true Buddha empty king Buddha. Tian Zhichao was the first Chinese to become a Buddha, and the statue was a real bone. There are also many Tang, Song, Yuan and Ming inscriptions and sculptures in the temple, which have high cultural value. The bell on the top wall of the abdomen rock is thrilling and amazing. Tisuoling is the oldest climbing ropeway in the world. The iron ropes of the Tiesuoling and the lower ladders were hung before the Tang Dynasty. It was a dangerous trail for the great poet He Zhizhang of the Tang Dynasty. In the late Ming and early Qing dynasties, Fu Shan Yu Chongzhen wrote the long association in the ten years (1637), the Qing Emperor Guangxu three years (1877), the emperor gave the “Ciyun Fayu” Yu Yu, and the famous contemporary scholar Zhang Yan’s title The plaque of Qiyun is a rare treasure.
Zhengguo Temple, full body relic
Mianshan was originally owned by the mother and mother of Wulong. After Zhichao came to the mountain, the dragon mother gave the way to Mianshan the following chess, and Wulong sang the Dharma. Later, the Wulong skill increased greatly, flying over the mountain, leaving five gullies on the mountain wall, hence the name Wulong. The main temple of this district is called “Zhengguo Temple”. There are thirteen statues of the bones in the temple. Although the skeleton is intact after a thousand years, it is quite animated. It is an important cultural relic of studying the historical culture and geographical climate of Mianshan. In addition, there are Tongtian Yunxiao, Wulongsong, Amitabha Hall, the Madonna, the Guanyin Temple, the Three Great Halls, the Sending Niangniang Temple, the Wulong Temple, etc. Lingying Tower is seven dark and nine-storey, with a height of 69 meters. It is taller than the sky and is spectacular. It is the tallest stupa in Chinese alpine temples. Moreover, the terrain is steep and the pines and cypresses are towering, making it a unique tourist attraction in Mianshan.
Qixian Valley, Jiuqu First Line Tianda Canyon
The Qixian Valley is a canyon that squats up and sings into the sky. There are strange rocks on both sides, the bottom of the valley is flowing, and the empty valley is sounding. It is necessary to climb more than ten ladders to pass. According to legend, when the meson pushed the mother and child, it was here to reach the hidden land. Feng Houting was built by Wen Yanbo when he was promoted to Jie Hui Hou. It was conceived in skill, exquisite in craftsmanship and has the atmosphere of an imperial garden. There is a sacred inscription on the Song Shenzong in the pavilion, which is precious. There are also Qingfeng Cave, Yingxian Square, Tianyuan Waterfall, Chaofan Cave, Fengyin Waterfall, Crocodile Stone, Xianjie Stone, Wall Garden, Butterfly Nest, Tiger God, Dianshi Sheep, Xianquan, etc. More than 20 attractions.
Jiegongling, Jiegong Tomb
Meson is the only historical celebrity in the past and the present, both in the mountains and in the mountains, in the county, in the festivals, and in the customs. “A deity makes a mountain, not its altitude”. The Jiegongling is the retreat of the ancestors of the ages, the place where they lived, and the place where they lived. There are also wailing slopes, Mianshan Beilin, Shenxian Shilin, Yizhangshan, Huesi, Zimu, Lianyequan, Baiyashan, Ruyiquan, Yuguishan, Huoshiodong, Siyantai, and the foot. Main attractions such as Pavilion, Jiegongling, Baishuling, Jiegong Tomb and Qishen Stone. The fish turtle mountain, the homonym “Yugui”, is the retreat of the meson. Si Yantai recorded the story of Jin Wengong burning the mountain, and there was a white crow circling the smoke and making the fire impossible to burn. The sorrowful slope and the foot-down pavilion tell the story of Jin Wengong’s face to the dead wood, and the wood that is burnt left is made of wood and worn on the foot and screaming “underfoot”. The cemetery was built in the center of Baishuling above the 2000 stone steps. Being condescending, looking at it, the ancient Jinshan mountains and rivers have a panoramic view. The ancient tomb was built on the mountain, with a number of tombstones from the Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties. The temple is located in a natural cave that is 28 meters deep, 30 meters wide and 18 meters high. It is the largest cave temple in China.
Mianshan Xiuzi, the first push of the water Taoxian ditch. In front of the ditch, the platform stands green and stands between the two mountains. It surrounds the muddy water. In the summer and autumn, there are often rainbows rising, and the beauty of the scenery is picturesque. In the Shilixian Valley, the Mianshan Shitong water, which is called by the Northern Wei Dynasty, is said to be a thousand miles and a thousand miles. The waterfalls are dozens of waterfalls of different sizes and shapes, just like the mosaics in Maolin and A string of jasper in the reeds makes people feel like they are in the fascinating and magical southern waters.
The main landscapes in the ditch include: Wulong Tree, Wulong Waterfall, Lotus Peak, Xianyubang, Ziyuefeng, Knife Stone, Lion Waterfall, Shuilian Cave and other natural landscape wonders; there are also fairy sitting turtles, Bixi Fishing, horns hanging books, intoxicating drunken and other sculptures. Huaxiaqi Waterfall Wulongfei Waterfall, with a drop of more than 80 meters, fell in Wulongtan; Shuilian Cave, the first hole for the world to cultivate and raise the vitality. The cave stream is like a practice, and the cave can accommodate thirty or forty people. It is a cultivation place for the sorghum, high roads, and valleys.
Guteng Valley, commonly known as “Xizhuigou”. It is located on the west side of Shuitougou, which is famous for its water. It is comparable to Shuitaogou and has its own characteristics. According to the “History of History”, it was once one of the birthplaces of Mianshan Jinglin River, and it was once the place where the famous prime minister of the Tang Dynasty, Linghu Chu, founded Jinglin Academy. The ancient vines in the valley are entwined with ancient trees, forming a unique view of the vines like umbrellas, tails, holes, bridges, nets, and palaces. Kiwi, mountain grapes, mountain cherries, pecans, wild hawthorn, yamanashi, apricot and other wild fruits can be seen everywhere. In addition, it is also a natural Chinese herbal medicine botanical garden. Only the valuable medicinal materials listed in the “Compendium of Materia Medica” include more than 100 species such as Codonopsis pilosula, Mianhuang glutinous rice, Wuzizi, medlar, calamus and medlar. Many natural stones are in a variety of shapes and resemble various animals. Therefore, for thousands of years, many historical celebrities have been attracted to this tour, leaving many precious stone carvings. The clear and arguable are the handwritings of Emperor Xuanzong, Linghu Chu, Wen Yanbo, He Zhizhang and Zhang Wei. . Because the valley is a typical temperate rainforest climate, it is called “natural oxygen bar” by tourists, which is the best place to spend summer vacation.
Mianshan Jude Hall is a sacred and sacred hall dedicated to the thought of Mianshan Avenue and dedicated to the “Tiandi Jun Master”. It was built in the Spring and Autumn Period, and Jin Wengong was built to commemorate the story. It is intended to warn the world to follow the heavens, the earth, the monarchs, the pro-teachers, the devout gods, the loyal patriots, the filial piety, the benevolent brothers, the respectable elders, and the loyalty and filial piety, the filial piety, the mercy, the gentleness, the enthusiasm Modest and 16-word rumors teach the world. Mianshan Jude Hall is the earliest temple in China to carry forward the thoughts of the Avenue. The temple is solemn and solemn. It is a collection of famous calligraphy and gems of the emperors and literati. Tang Taizong Li Shimin had twice fortunately to Mianshan. After the pilgrimage of the pilgrimage and the empty king Buddha, he was inspired by the loyalty and filial piety of the filial piety, the high-wind festival and the empty king buddha, and the idea of the Pudu sentient beings, which left the “human beings” as the people. Parents and the people should do their part and the country is harmonious. It is really the ink for the people of the world. “The emperor should be diligent in politics for the people, and he will do his best in the evening, and he will not dare to violate these ancestral trainings.” Zhang Liang, one of the three masters of the Han Dynasty, Wei Zheng, the famous Chinese scholar in the history of China, and the famous prime minister of the Northern Song Dynasty, Wen Yanbo, and the famous astronomer Liu Bowen of the Ming Dynasty, all left in Mianshan Yude Hall. The philosophical sayings of “governing the country must be ethical”, “the human morality is respectful and orderly, and the outline has the law”.
On the upper level of the Jude Hall, the center is dedicated to the “Heavenly Masters”, the right side is the sacrifice of the mother, the sacrifice of the scriptures, the Emperor Xuanzong worships the heavens and the earth, the left side is the Emperor of the Emperor of the Emperor, the Emperor of the Qin Dynasty, the Emperor of the Qin Dynasty, the Emperor Taizong Jie Shanwen. It can be seen that China’s excellent traditional virtues, the concept of worship of Tiandi Jun’s teachers, can be passed down and extended in Mianshan Jude Hall, which shows the profound cultural heritage of Mianshan and reflects the profound and harmonious concept of harmonious society. Promoting the ideology of the avenue, inheriting the moral culture, inheriting the traditional virtues, and building a harmonious society, this is the purpose that Mianshan Jude Hall has always followed.
History and culture
Mianshan Taoist music grows along with the development of Mianshan Taoism. Its connotation is extremely rich and can be divided into two parts. One part is the Tao, which is very local, also called “Tu Le”, and the other part is combined. The court-style music is also known as “Fallo”. As a form of preaching, ritual gods, and Taoist priests, Taole exists in the Taoist science and technology. Its role is to pray for the good fortune, to solve the problem of escaping, and to eat and die. It is divided into two categories: positive events and negative events.
In the past, the Taoist priests were forced to make a living. They often cooperated with other Taoist priests outside the palace and built them in the homes of the believers. Therefore, some fixed and customary repertoires can be circulated, such as: “The Cursed Mantra” (four shares) in the Yang Dynasty. Accounts (two shares), “water safflower” (general), “big horse” (three shares), “maiting horse” (four shares), “骂鱼郎” repertoire, called “60 sets of music” in the song Scripture, for the believers to lift the disaster, praying for auspicious. The Chinese songs of the Yin Dynasty include: “One Lantern”, “Ten Fighting Crime”, “Ten Revenue”, “Yong Yiyi”, “All Kinds of Nameless”, “One Column Morality”, “Five Musical Like”, etc. And Anzhai Township, the dead will come out of hell and come true. These tracks are mostly oral and heartfelt, and many of them have been lost.
In the Tang Dynasty, the Daozu Li and the royal family were all surnamed Li. In particular, Li Shimin defeated the Turkic Khan Liu Wu Zhou Department in the Squirrel Valley near Mianshan to lay a solid foundation for the Li Tang Dynasty. Many temples have been built in Mianshan. During the Tang dynasty, Taizong drove Mianshan, repaired the sacred temples, worshipped the gods, and made the development of Mianshan Taoism shine. The “Fallo”, which is very court-like, has also become a feature of Mianshan.
In 1995, the famous entrepreneur of Shanxi Province, the chairman of Shanxi Sanjia Coal Chemical Co., Ltd., Da Shanshi Ji Ying, invested heavily in repairing Mianshan, repairing more than 80 palaces and more than 2000 Taoist statues; the Jiexiu City Taoist Association in Mian Shanda Luo Palace was listed; and the Mianshan Religious Orchestra was established to collect and organize Mianshan Taoist music, standardize Taoist Taoist school, and profound Mianshan culture. After years of unremitting efforts, Mianshan Taoist culture was restored; May 21, 2001 On the day of Mianshan, under the guidance of the Chinese Taoist Association, it successfully built the largest “Luotian Daxie” Fa Conference since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, and turned the melodious and elegant Mianshan Dao Le, and got the Taoist colleagues at home and abroad and Singapore and South Korea. In France, Germany, the Netherlands and other places, the friends of the Chinese Taoist Association, Mr. Zhi Zhiting, in the face of Mianshan after the restoration, he was filled with emotions and wrote the inscription “Human Wonderland, Taoism Famous Mountain”. The management model of Mianshan Jing Tuan is known as the “Mianshan Model”, and the Chinese Taoist Association has issued a call for “learning from the Mianshan Jing Tuan”.
Mianshan Taoist music, the world called it “Mianshan Xianle”. Its style is quiet and elegant, with a strong rhyme instead of Huacai. The melody is rich in movement, the rhyme is sung, and it sings three sighs with a strong religious atmosphere. Mianshan Dao has obvious characteristics of heavy-duty tone; it shows its solemnity and calmness and stability. Listening to Mianshan Dao Le is like being in a pure fairyland, which makes people feel calm and calm. The instruments of Mianshan Dole are: 铛, 镲, fish, bell, 铙, 钹, drum, 磬; playing instruments are: 笙, Xiao, Guan, flute, Tao Shu, 唢呐, Yunxiao, dulcimer, guzheng, pipa, Zhongli, Daxie, Yueqin, Sanxian, Erhu, Gaohu, Zhonghu, Low Hu, Western musical instruments. Mianshan Road is rich in music, solemn, clear and solemn, and Yinyun is mellow, sad, and sad. According to its use, it can be divided into “legal music” and “folk music”: the legal music is to hold the dojo The music used in the time, it includes an inseparable part of the front; folk music is called “brand” or “playing music”, similar to the “instrumental music card” of folk music, is the fusion of local folk music, used in the legal dojo Before and after the opening of the altar, the incense worship or the ceremonial dojo in the high-powered worship table, such as the music, the songs are loose and lively, and are very popular with the believers; the Mianshan Religious Orchestra constantly improves and strives for progress, creating and adapting a large number of Mianshan Daolean characteristics. The repertoire, such as: “mixed yuan praise”, “send flower praise”, “Daluo Xianle”, “Mianshan Qiuyue”, “Mianshan love rhyme”, “Ji Gongzan”, “Fei Xianqu”, etc., received the Taoist circles and related experts Appreciate. He has made fruitful contributions in inheriting and promoting Chinese traditional culture.
The god of Mianshan is the push. The Western Han Dynasty Liu Xiang “Lian Xian Chuan” contains: “The introduction of the pusher, surnamed Wang Mingguang, Jin people also. Hidden and unknown, Yue Zhao Chengzi, and travel. Dan has a yellow bird on the door, Jin Wengong heavy ears, and out After living outside for more than ten years, he worked hard. And back, Jieshan Bozi often came to call and shouted: ‘You can go to the 矣’ to push the mother into the mountains, and often travel from the Bozi. After the thousands of people, the Yu Yuli, In the last 30 years, I saw the East Coast selling fans for the king. After a few decades, I don’t know where it is.” After the emperor Shi Lei built the “Jingshen Temple”, he called it “Warri God”, specializing in Xingyunbu. Rain, inspect the hardships of the people, and solve problems for the people. Another god in Mianshan is Yu Chigong. Gong Gong’s end from the army, to teach the embankment. Later, he was the leader of the Khan Khan, and he stayed in Jiezhou (now Jiexiu City). At that time, it was an extraordinary period, and staying at the same level was equivalent to a county magistrate. Tang Wude three years (620), Qin Wang Li Shimin and the Turkic Institute sealed Yang Khan Liu Wu Zhou Song Jingang, in the Mianshan Mouse Valley, the battle of the Suoyuan, defeated Tang. He has made significant contributions to assisting Li Shimin in his achievements. In the meantime, there were quite a lot of activities in Mianshan, and there were traces and legends such as “Points to Taiwan”, “Listen Lane”, “Ma Runquan” and “Ma Yushi”. In the later years, the channel teaching method was regarded as the “gate god.”
The Buddha of Mianshan is the sorghum of the Northern Wei Dynasty and is the pioneer of the Pure Land of Buddhism. After being rumored by the Tianzhu sorghum Bodhi in Luoyang, the Wei lord “has lived in the Hezhou Great Temple and moved to the Yuanzhong Temple in the north of Shijiazhuang in the north of the city. When he went to the yin dynasty steaming industry in the mountain, this is the same.” See “Tang Gaoxuan Biography”) “Daji”, “Chuzhou Fuzhi” and “Shanxi Tongzhi” are called “Dayan Temple”. According to the records of the Mianshan Wulong Temple Minglongqing “Dayan Temple Rock Ming Ming Mirror”, the Dayan Temple is the Baoji Temple (now known as Yunfeng Temple). The Mianshan Loess Slope originally had the tomb of the monk. (See “The Pure Land Ancient Temple Xuanzhong Temple”). The prince was called “Buddha” by Liang Xiaowang, and he was already a Buddha in the eyes of the world. Another Buddha in Mianshan is the Sui and Tang Dynasties. The vulgar name is Tian, and he runs away from home in order to rebel against the government officials. In the five years of Tang Wude, he entered the Jieshan Mountain, created a meditation bud, and the name of the rock was abdomen… and in the Jiexiu County of Zhangzhou, he was established as a fruit. It is said that he was one of the past Buddhas – the empty king ancient Buddha. The incarnation of the body is a “death of evil spirits, good deeds, good deeds, wherever they go, and where the good things are done,” is called “Mianshan Living Buddha”. After the death, Emperor Taizong Li Shimin sealed it as “the empty king ancient Buddha” It was one of the earliest Han Chinese to become a Buddha.
The above gods and Buddhas are referred to as Jin people (one said Xiaxian Yusuke, one said that Jiexiu Xiao Songqu, one said that Zhangzhou Tonglu); Yu Chigong is a tracer of Xianyang (now traced state); For Yanmen (one generation in the county); Zhichao is the source of the vortex. They are all living gods and Buddhas who once grew up in this land of Shanxi. This phenomenon of “true gods and true Buddhas” is a unique phenomenon in the world.
The Wengong banquet began in the Spring and Autumn Period. In the third year of Jin Wengong, Wen Gong’s rate went to Mianshan’s rituals. It was once the solution of the neighbor’s push. After seeing Jin Wengong’s three consecutive years of worship, he was very touched. From the city, a famous chef named Wang Chunfa was invited to prepare a feast for Jin Wen. This feast is fragrant and unique. Wen Gong saw that he liked it, and after the tasting, he was full of praise. He said that he was a food that he had never tasted before. At this time, Fox, Zhao and other people also screamed, and everyone publicly called the feast named “Wen Gong Ban”. Since then, this feast has become famous and became a feast for the feast, which has lasted for more than 2,600 years.
The banquet was started in the last years of the Western Jin Dynasty, and the dynasty was ruined. The princes were divided and the Shile was built up in Mianshan. Shile determined to solve the problem of the people, and recruited heroes from all over the world. It coincided with the arrival of the famous Zhang Bin. The two are like-minded, and together they worship and worship, and vow to “work together, save the difficulties and protect the danger, report to the country, and under the Anli.” After drinking in the same village, the feast is rich, the taste is fresh, the nutrition is rich, quite distinctive. . After Zhang Bin’s meal, he was extremely appreciative. What did Shile name? Shilehaha laughed and said: “My brothers just prayed to complete the gods, and would like to help God to save the people and unify China’s early success. It will be named the banquet.” From then on, the feast will become Mianshan cuisine. It is said that Shile said that after the emperor, he often used this banquet to invite the minister to become a delicious dish for the ministers.
Peng Zu Health Diet
Peng Zu, Peng Yu. According to Kao Pengzu, he worked in the Longji Ridge of Mianshan for many years. During the period, he used to eat Mian Huangqi, Huang Jing, Codonopsis, and cypress seeds. He lived for 800 years and became the longest-lived person in China. Peng Zu advocated food, health and medicated diet. He was the first person to introduce Qigong and created a feast for the birth of the world. It is a veritable Chinese cooking master. After more than 4,000 years of evolution, development and enrichment, Pengzu Health Feast has finally become one of Mianshan’s famous flavor banquets. It is a special health banquet with a long history and rich variety in the country. It is also a famous chef of Qiongya Hotel Yangyuanzhai. Brand banquet. This feast focuses on health and nourishment. During the preparation of the dishes, I read a large number of classics such as The Yellow Emperor’s Internal Classic, The Compendium of Materia Medica, The Diet, the Tune Collection, and the Dictionary of Traditional Chinese Medicine. The materials are abundant, the cooking methods are diverse, the taste of the dishes is changeable, and the nourishing and nourishing effect is remarkable, which is well received by the tourists.
Zhu Jiayan originated from Zhu Yuanzhang’s seventeenth son Zhu Quan. Zhu Quanzi is a fairy, and the number is imaginary. Zhu Yuanzhang sealed his king. During the Hongwu period, Zhu Yuanzhang thought of his father Zhu Shizhen praying in the Mianshan, and he was the emperor. He sent Zhu Quan to Mianshan to worship the ancestors. After the event, I came to a small restaurant in Mianshan. Listening to the tourists said that there was a chef who cooked the skills quite well and went to taste his craft. Tian’s chef made a table of delicacies with local meat dishes. After Zhu Quan tasted it, he was greatly appreciated. The feast was named “Zhu Jia Ban” and was introduced into the palace called “Zhu Ming Dynasty Banquet”.
Jin Wang Ban
The Jin Wang Banquet has a history of more than 1,300 years. Li Zhi is the ninth son of Tang Taizong Li Shimin, Feng Jin Wang. At that time, he witnessed Li Chenghao and Li Tai fiercely competing for the throne. So he went to Mianshan to pray for the gods to protect themselves, and as a result they succeeded to the throne. After feeling the grace, I went to Mianshan to repair the cave. In the evening, I ate at a restaurant in Mianshan, and the store prepared a table for a banquet. Gao Zong observes its color, smells its taste, clap its hands, and tastes it. It tastes delicious and delicious, and it is called “Mianshan Cuisine”. The matter was passed on to later generations, and the nobles of the past generations went to Mianshan, and they had to taste the Jinwang feast.
Feast of banquet
The banquet was from the famous name of the Northern Song Dynasty. Yan Bo, the word wide husband, Jiexiu Wenjiazhuang. I have been in the 50th year. Because of the rebellion, Song Shenzong sealed his country. During the Yuanfeng years, Song Shenzong’s seal was promoted to Jie Huihou, and Wen Yanbo was ordered to build Fenghou Pavilion in Mianshan. After the completion of the project, the county magistrate hosted a banquet, and asked Wen Yanbo to order, Wen Yanbo refused to refuse, and ordered a dozen according to his own taste. After that, the banquet was gradually spread and became a famous feast.
Kaiyuan Royal Banquet
The “Kaiyuan Royal Banquet” is a famous Mianshan banquet in Sanjin, which began in the Tang Dynasty. According to legend, during the Tang Kaiyuan years, Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty worshipped Mianshan, and the county magistrate was to receive a meal at a restaurant in Mianshan, and asked for delicious dishes and unique flavors. The store made a table for the local taste. After Xuanzong’s food, he praised his “fragrance and deliciousness”. Zhang Yue and Song Yu have never tasted this kind of mountain flavor, and they boast “good food”. The store looked at the emperor and the minister to eat satisfactorily, and daring to ask for the name of the saint, Tang Xuanzong blurted out, “is called the Kaiyuan royal feast.” After that, all the nobles and scholars of Mianshan should enjoy this feast. The feast is gradually becoming famous and has been passed down to the present day.
In the late Ming and early Qing dynasties, Fu Shan, a university student and medical scientist, was famous for his mountains and rivers. He had several times in Mianshan. Especially good at medical treatment and health. He advocated that “Xianxian first studied medicine, and healed the Taoist Road.” He found that there are more than one thousand varieties of Chinese herbal medicines in Mianshan, and there are dozens of precious herbs, which are collected everywhere, which makes herbs, wild vegetables, wild fruits and vegetables. The meat is made into a feast, the taste is fresh and refreshing, and the flavor is unique. Later generations call it the “green feast”. The main features of the green banquet are the grain for raising, the five fruits for help, the five animals for the benefit, and the five dishes for the filling, and the tastes are combined to reconcile the yin and yang.
According to legend, this feast comes from the Yongxing period of the Eastern Han Dynasty. In the late Eastern Han Dynasty, Guo Tai and 30,000 Tai students slammed the darkness and corruption of the political affairs and became the “clear discussion” of the world. Henan Yin Lijun said that Guo Tai “has a fairy bone, and he is arrogant in the spirit of the universe”; Fannan Taishou Fan Yi praised it as “hidden not against the pro, not unconventional.” After that, due to the violent impact of social reality and personal lofty morality at that time Guotai, who has read the classics, returned to Jiexiu from Luoyang to educate people. One day, he and Guo Tai were married to Li Wei, Fan Wei to Jiexiu to visit old friends, and Guo Taixiang went to Mianshan to visit. In order to entertain old friends, Guo Tai specially prepared a table of farm banquets in Mianshan No.1 Museum, Mianshan omnivorous, aromas and elegant, the interest of the folks and mountains, so that these well-informed court officials are amazed. Since then, the “farm banquet” has been widely circulated among the people and has become a feast of the three Jin Dynasty. Up to now, the farmer’s banquet has been famous for its profound cultural heritage.
The earliest records of history have been mentioned four times in the first history book of China, Zuo Zhuan. The earliest collections of poems, The Book of Songs and The Songs of the South, are also described. In the Book of Songs, it is recorded that “the embarrassment will come out, and it is suitable for the suburbs, whoever has a permanent number.” Truly describes the seclusion life of the mother and child. The high-spirited festival that promotes the merits of the work has become a story of the people of all ages.
The mountainous terrain of the squatting rock is “unique” for the world. It is 60 meters high, 180 meters wide and 50 meters deep. It can hold more than 200 halls and one or two thousand visitors. The thrilling rock under the rock is a must.
“Da Tang Luzhou Baobei Temple Tablet” was formed in the 20th year of Kaiyuan in the Tang Dynasty and has a history of more than 1,200 years. It vividly describes the situation in which the Gaosong Digong of the Three Kingdoms Cao Wei was planning to create the Baowei Temple, and there are many inscriptions of Tang and Song celebrities. Content and calligraphy are extremely valuable. In particular, the monument is more than 200 meters away from the temple. It is a mystery of the ages. There is no second case in China.
“He Zhizhang Mountaineering Road” is a dangerous road directly from the rock ditch. According to the inscription of He Zhizhang, a poet of the Tang Dynasty on the left side of the “Tanggu of the Tang Dynasty”, when he climbed Mianshan, he first used the cloth to pick him up to the “checkerboard hole” of 50 meters or more, and then climbed the 100-meter ladder by the chessboard hole. Go to the Yunfeng Temple; then follow the 120th and 60th stone steps to the Tiesuoling and grab the 70-meter-long iron rope to board the Tiesuoling, and climb up the Mosta. The length of more than 500 meters is almost 75 degrees. It is not only a natural and dangerous landscape, but also has a rich human history. It is a wonder of the world.
The Hufang Spring is a ridged rock with a height of more than 100 meters and a width of more than 30 meters. The lower part of the rock has dozens of stone milk dripping all the year round, and when it falls into the stone pool, it makes a sound of music. The literati of the past dynasties called it “the hanging spring.” The springs hanging on the rock like this are unique in China.
The Daluo Palace is a four-story antique building built on the hills with a total area of 30,000 square meters. It is comparable to the Potala Palace and is the first palace in the world. The 300-square-meter Chinese Taoist Taoist woodcut engraved in the 300-square-meter Chinese and the 300-square-meter cloth painting are all unique in China.
The bridgewalk is more than 300 meters long, all built on the top of the mountain, with imitation white marble railings on the side, which looks like a white crane swaying from afar. People pass by the bridge, and the springs rush under the feet, giving people a feeling of fluttering. This situation, even if you travel through the famous mountains and rivers in China, it is difficult to find hard.
Twenty kilometers of Shuitaogou, Cangyan, winding path, odd trees, strange rocks, mountain flowers, and weeds are interspersed among them. The Mianshan Shitong water in the Northern Wei Dynasty’s “Shui Jing Zhu” said that thousands of turns of water have flowed through The goshawk whispered back to the empty valley and formed a strange landscape painting. Among them, the Wulong Waterfall falls more than 80 meters, and visitors can pass under the waterfall; the water curtain Dongfu waterfall flows straight down from the cave, and the cave can accommodate thirty or forty people. Such scenery is rare in the northern regions.
The god of Mianshan is the first to be a Taoist figure. It is one of the earliest Taoist figures. The Buddha of Mianshan is the empty king Buddha. The common name is Tian Zhichao. It was originally a Tang Dynasty sorghum, and it was the first place for the Han to become a Buddha. In addition, the late Tang Dynasty general Qi Chigong, the Northern Wei Dynasty Pure Lands, the pioneers are also unique to the Mianshan Buddha. They are all natives of Shanxi, which is unmatched by other famous mountains. Mianshan is a god from the invisible Tianzun, the nameless Tianzun, the Shangshang Yuanjun to the mountain god, the land, and the Buddha of Mianshan from the lamp, the wonderful light, the burning lamp to the past, present and future Buddhas. God and Buddha are the most complete, and they are also the best in China.
The Mianshan Religious Orchestra consists of 150 people and has performed many times for religious figures in Taiwan. In particular, the Beijing Baiyunguan held the abbot’s uplifting ceremony, the Hebei Lutai opening ceremony, and the Liaoning Pu’er View Opening Ceremony. The orchestra performance was well received. Yu Zhiting, the head of the Chinese Taoist Association, spoke highly of the Mianshan Religious Orchestra.
Scenic spot tickets
Tickets: 110 yuan in the peak season, 50 yuan parking fee
Mianshan Scenic Area and World Cultural Heritage – Pingyao Ancient City; Dahong Lantern High-hanging – Qiao Family Courtyard; Chinese Folk Palace, the first residence of China – Wang Family Courtyard, close at hand, let you combine, famous mountain, famous city The famous hospital has a tour. The Dayun Expressway in Shanxi Province runs through the north and south, connecting many famous tourist attractions in Shanxi. The famous name of the famous temple (Wangjia Courtyard, Qiao Family Courtyard) is visited by the famous mountain (Mianshan) Guanming City (Pingyao Ancient City). The big banyan tree in the cave is the root of the ancestors.
Taiyuan direction: Approximately 10 kilometers from the south of the Dayun Expressway to the Lingshi exit.
Xi’an direction: about 10 kilometers along the Xiqiao Expressway from the Longmen Bridge of the Yellow River to the Houyi Expressway to the north of the Dayun Expressway to the exit of Lingshi.
1096 times, general fast, Xi’an, Jiexiu
1673 times / 1676 times Air Conditioning General Express Xi’an – Jiexiu
2670 times Puxi Xi’an – Jiexiu
2672 times Puxi Xi’an – Jiexiu
K690 times fast Xi’an – Jiexiu
03——In the spring of April, I went to Mianshan and returned to the natural ecological tour;
05-09, looking for a stranger, summer vacation;
10 – November, the golden autumn leaves, the layers of forests are dyed, the Mianshan is full of beauty, and the beauty is unbeatable;
12 – February Mianshan warm winter tour, the ancient magical Mianshan the same scenic area temperature difference, Shuitougou view ice peak, Yuzhu Qingtian, Longji Ridge to appreciate flowers, mountain flowers.