Maiji Mountain Scenic Area

Maiji Mountain Scenic Area

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Geographic location:Tianshui City, Gansu Province

Level:AAAAA

Famous scenery:Maiji Mountain, Xianrenyan

Scenic traffic:Tianshui Railway Station has a fixed-point tourist bus

The Maiji Mountain Scenic Area is located in the urban built-up area of Tianshui City, Gansu Province. It is located at the eastern end of the north branch of the Western Qinling Mountains, at the intersection of the three major mountain systems of Qinling, Helan Mountain and Lushan Mountain. It is the center of the Chinese territory; the Yangtze River and the Yellow River are divided by watersheds. Over the scenic area.

The planned area of Maiji Mountain Scenic Area is 215 square kilometers. It consists of more than 180 scenic spots in five sub-species of Maiji Mountain, Xianren Cliff, Shimen, Quxi and Jieting Hot Spring. The flora and fauna of the scenic area is rich and diverse, with geological features and typical climate. Unique, the cave culture is well preserved. It was declared the first batch of national-level scenic spots by the State Council in 1982. It is China’s national natural and cultural double heritage, national key cultural relics protection unit, national forest park, national geological park, and national civilized scenic tourism. The district has established advanced units and national 5A-level tourist areas.

On December 11, 2015, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development put the Ganji Maijishan Scenic Spot into the endangered list and gave a yellow card warning; the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development will order it to rectify within a time limit and focus on supervision.

Maiji Mountain Scenic Area

Historical evolution

In 1982, the Maijishan Scenic Area was listed as a national key scenic spot by the State Council;
In 1999, it was included in the National Natural Heritage and National Natural and Cultural Heritage Preparation List by the Ministry of Construction;
In 2000, it was assessed as a 4A level scenic spot by the National Tourism Administration;
In December 2000, it was the first batch of “AAAA” scenic spots by the National Tourism Administration;
In December 2003, Maijishan Scenic Area was rated as a provincial geological park;
In 2006, it was included in the first batch of China’s natural and cultural heritage reserve list by the former Ministry of Construction;
In August 2009, the Maijishan Scenic Area was assessed as a National Geopark;
In January 2011, it was officially approved by the National Tourism Administration and ranked among the top 5A tourist attractions in the country.

Maiji Mountain Scenic Area

Geographical environment

The Maiji Mountain Scenic Area is located in the urban built-up area of Tianshui City, Gansu Province. It is located at the eastern end of the north branch of the Western Qinling Mountains, at the intersection of the three major mountain systems of Qinling, Helan Mountain and Lushan Mountain. It is the center of the Chinese territory; the Yangtze River and the Yellow River are divided by watersheds. Over the scenic area.

The Maiji Mountain Scenic Area is generally between 1400 and 1800 meters above sea level, and the highest peak is over 2,200 meters. It is the boundary between the upper and lower sedimentary strata in the north and south of China, and the watershed of the Yangtze River and the Yangtze River. The rock stratum is It consists of a red gluten layer and a pale metamorphic rock. The climatic conditions in the scenic area are also relatively good. The average annual rainfall is 600-700 mm, the highest temperature is 33 °C, the lowest is -15 °C, the general winter low temperature zone is -8 °C, the frost-free period is 230 days, and the sunshine year is 2307. About half an hour, the relative humidity of the air is about 85%. Because the scenic area is located at the junction of the north and the south, the winter is not too cold, and the summer is not too hot. It is known as the northwestern Jiangnan.

Maiji Mountain Scenic Area

Natural resources

There are 276 species of 1082 genera and 2761 species of various types of plants in the Maiji Mountain Scenic Area. Among them, the seed plants account for 91.77% of the Qinling Mountains. Due to the small influence of the glaciers in the fourth quarter, there are more than 50 ancient relict plants on the earth that are preserved in the scenic area. Among them, metasequoia, ginkgo, yew and the group of white pines growing in the form of community are not only valuable, but also have high ornamental value. There are only 1,638 species of animal species in Quxi Scenic Area, among which 683 are endemic to China, and only 264 species are found in Qinling Mountain.

Maiji Mountain Scenic Area

Main Attractions

The Maiji Mountain Scenic Area is the first batch of national-level scenic spots announced by the State Council. It is located in the Xiaoshan Mountain in the eastern section of the Western Qinling Mountains. It spans the Yangtze River and the Yellow River and has a planned area of 215 square kilometers. It is composed of Maiji Mountain Grottoes and Xianren Cliff. There are more than 180 scenic spots in Shimen, Quxi and Jieting Hot Springs. The main 25 scenic spots are:

Maiji Mountain Scenic Area

Maiji Mountain

It is located in the eastern section of the West Qinling Mountains. It is located in the mountains of Xiaoshan Mountain Forest. Because of the peak of the cliff, it rises and rises. It is like a farmer’s wheat, hence the name Maiji Mountain. The height of the mountain is 142m. There is a sacred brick tower at the top. The ancient sacred plant Baipisong is spread over the tower. The cliffs are carved with 209 caves of more than 1600 years and the clay sculptures and more than 1,300 square meters of murals. For this reason, the Maiji Mountain Grottoes are China. One of the four major caves, known as the Oriental Sculpture Gallery. The cliff-like statues, the volcanic plank roads, the pines and bamboos, and the red cliffs of the Red Cliffs reflect each other, and there are magical landscapes such as smog and rain.

Maiji Mountain Scenic Area

Botanical garden

The Maijishan Botanical Garden is home to more than 1,800 species of 146 families of seed plants in both the north and the south of China. The waterfalls in the park are full of sounds, rare animals and animals can be seen everywhere, and exotic flowers and plants compete with each other, plus leisure facilities such as otters, pavilions and halls. It makes people feel like they are in the garden and don’t know the beauty of the park.

Maiji Mountain Scenic Area

Xiangji Mountain

Located on the south side of Maiji Mountain, it is shaped like a pyramid of green mountains. It is the watershed of the Jialing River, a tributary of the Yangtze River, and the Weihe River, a tributary of the Yellow River. There are cracked holes in the mountainside, more than a hundred meters deep, the walls are clear and colorful. The top of the cave is dripping all the year round. In winter, it forms icicles, ice hangs, and ice waterfalls. It is crystal clear and transparent, and it is shaped like a “crystal palace.” The snow-capped peaks of the mountain have the reputation of “scented snow”.

Maiji Mountain Scenic Area

Luo Hanya

The outer shape is like a cage, so it is the name. The mountainside cliffs are exposed. The cliff face is more than 100 meters long and 150 meters high. The cliffs preserve the Song Dynasty and the three Buddhas and the eighteen arhats, which is also called “Rohan Cliff”. The three muds are realistic and the clothes are smooth; they are hidden in the dense cliffs of the jungle and form the land of Buddhism with Maiji Mountain.

Maiji Mountain Scenic Area

Tianchiping

Located 8 kilometers from Maiji Shandong, it is named after a natural pool in the northwestern foothills of its main peak. The main peak is 2197m above sea level. It is the head of the surrounding mountains. It is the northernmost watershed of the Jialing River and the tributary of the Yellow River. It is covered by forests and is rich in flora and fauna. The mountain is magnificent, the forest is deep, the sunset is galaxy, and the rain is half-into the cloud. It is looming and pleasing.

Maiji Mountain Scenic Area

Three cliffs

After the Maiji Mountain, because the cliff wall is upright, such as the inverted three-fold fan, it has its name. The cliff is divided into left, middle and right, and the front and back are stacked. The height is similar to each other. The height is more than 100 meters. The upper part of the cliff is covered with white pine, and the middle and lower bedrock is bare and reddish brown. If it is cast iron, it is handsome and beautiful, and the cliff face is beautiful. More eroded caves, shaped like a bird’s nest, named “carving nest”. When the Eastern Han Dynasty called the right to the right, there was a summer palace here. Here, the stream springs the cliffs, the pines and cypresses repaired the locks, and became the place to go for the glory.

Maiji Mountain Scenic Area

Jiaolong Temple

Located at the junction of Maiji Mountain Scenic Area and Xianren Cliff Scenic Area, the historical materials are recommended. The temple was built no later than the Maiji Mountain Grottoes. In recent years, mainly relying on the form of private fundraising, there are many buildings such as the “Emperor Palace”. The temple is built on the mountain, with splendid brilliance and unique geomagnetic force, which has a great appeal to tourists and surrounding people.

Maiji Mountain Scenic Area

Xianren Cliff

It is 15 kilometers away from the Maiji Mountain Grottoes and consists of Sanya, Wufeng and Liusi. Sanya, according to its position, the name of Dongya, Xifeng, South Cliff. Wufeng is Jade Emperor Peak, Baogai Peak, Xianzhu Peak, East Cliff Peak and West Cliff Peak. The six temples are Mulian Temple, Shilian Temple, Tielian Temple, Hualien Temple, Shuilian Temple and Lingying Temple. The Northern Wei Dynasty began Taoism and Buddhism, and there was a temple view on Xianren Cliff. In the Song Dynasty, it was called “Huayan Temple”, and Ming Chengzu Zhu Xi was given the name of Lingying Temple, and later became the royal family of Zhu’s family temple. After the death of Ming Dynasty, it was said that Zhu Hanhong, a descendant of Ming Hanxian, and Wang Qiwang, a calligrapher, and Wang Shiyong, a swordsman, lived here. Xianren Cliff has 27 Ming and Qing Dynasties temples, 197 statues of the Northern Wei, Song, Ming and Qing Dynasties, 83 square meters of murals, and 5 precious bronze Buddha statues during the Yongle period. The exquisite Ming and Qing clay sculptures preserved in the Xianrenya Grottoes enrich the quantity and content of the Maiji Mountain Grottoes during this period, thus forming a complete historical series of grotto art, providing detailed material information for studying the evolution of clay sculpture.

Maiji Mountain Scenic Area

Xianren Lake

It is located in the sacred cliffs of the Xianren Cliff Scenic Area (South Cliff) and the Yinghu Cliff Canyon. The water depth is 13 meters and the water surface is more than 20,000 square meters. The peak of the lake is like a peak of Maiji Mountain, and there are more than 20 cliffs under the West Cliff. The temples are arranged in a staggered arrangement, with lakes and mountains, sparkling, and a peaceful and peaceful landscape.

Maiji Mountain Scenic Area

Xianren Cliff Eighteen Luohan Peak

The Xianren Cliff Scenic Area is a typical Danya Peak forest landform. More than 30 small mountain peaks show its show. The typical eighteen Luohan Peak with a thousand postures, the female virgin culture and the Xianggong Mountain, and the pure land The natural Buddha head in the temple. The steep cliffs, surrounded by streams, lush forests, show their show. Its peak, or castle-like, or wheat-type; its cliffs, or steep, or deep concave. When the fog is thick, the peaks are above the clouds, just like “the paradise on earth.” There are many peaks on the cliffs of Xianren Cliff, and there are a large number of ancient relict plants, Pinus bungeana. It is a great ecological wonder for Baipisong to grow in the community of Maiji Mountain and Xianren Cliff.

Maiji Mountain Scenic Area

Shilian Valley

Huangjiaxia runs through two scenic spots, Xianren Cliff and Jieting Hot Spring. The upper Shilian Valley: the canyon is more than 10 miles long. The metamorphic bedrock is washed and eroded by flowing water, and its shape resembles a blossoming lotus flower. The lotus stone is engraved with the words “Shilian Valley” by Mr. Feng Guorui. The entire gorge of the Huangjiaxia Gorge is fascinating, with dense forests, dense waters, clear waters, and strange caves. It is like a step into the “Ten Li Cui Gallery”. Among them, there is a waterfall with a few feet high, which flows down from the sky and falls into the deep pool. The legend is the Tianhe water injection site from Tianshui City.

Maiji Mountain Scenic Area

Xianyou Valley

A secluded valley next to Xianren Lake, 16 Dianya Xiufeng, arranged in an orderly arrangement on both sides of the valley; white pine is longer than the peaks, rocks and cracks in the cliffs, in various poses; the stream surrounds, the mountain flower lawn, the birds sing, one piece is pleasant Quiet natural scenery.

Maiji Mountain Scenic Area

Jingtu Temple

Located in the back of Xianren Cliff. The temple is surrounded by the pines and valleys, the mountain winds blow, the pines are screaming, and the people are called “the pure soil pines”, which is one of the ten scenic spots in Qinzhou. In the 1980s, Jingtu Temple began to raise funds from various sectors of the public and the community, investing nearly 90 million yuan for restoration and expansion, and now has formed a grand building complex into the Sanchan Academy. In recent years, new developments have been added to build buildings such as Luohantang, Zangjing Pavilion and Jingmen Archway, which have increased their scale. In recent years, the spot often has “Foguang” appearing, and a natural Buddha head is found on the back cliff, which is famous both at home and abroad.

Maiji Mountain Scenic Area

Shimenshan

Located 25 kilometers southeast of the Maiji Mountain Grottoes, the mountain peak is dangerous. It is a granite peak and landform, and is known as the Xiaohuang Mountain. It consists of Huangtian Peak, Yuling Peak of Nanfeng, Doum Peak, Xinglong Peak and Qilin Peak of Beifeng. Among the five peaks, the highest peak is Nanfeng, with an elevation of 2,097 meters. The main peaks of the north and south are facing each other, towering into the clouds, there is a bridge in the middle, the distant view is like the door, and the bridge between the north and south peaks (named Juxian Bridge) has a large square black circle, like a threshold. So named “Shimen”. The Qing Dynasty Fei Tingzhen remembers: “There are thousands of miles on the mountain wall, green and dripping, and there are no trails around the cliff. Where the 18th disk is up, the infinitely loose spring, the Huiying Temple Pavilion, is the first hole in the right.” On the night of the Mid-Autumn Festival, the moon rises from the Huangtian Peak and the Doum Peak and hangs over the Juxian Bridge. This is the “Shimen Night Moon” spectacle. Taoism has a long history in Shimen, relying on the five peaks to build more than ten ancient temples such as the founder, the Virgin Mary, the Queen Mother, and the Sanguan. It forms an “S”-shaped composition of the Taiji Bagua map, which is extremely rare in the Taoist buildings left over from China.

Maiji Mountain Scenic Area

Jiumenxia

The lower reaches of Yingmen Lake in Shimen Mountain, the valley is 1 km long, and the rapids rush into the mountains and boulders, forming a waterfall into a pool. The cliff is steep and the stone is full of ditch. Nine narrow valley mouths, shaped like nine natural stone gates, so there are “nine gates and nine lanes”, referred to as “Jiumenxia”.

Maiji Mountain Scenic Area

Traffic Guide

Scenic traffic: Tianshui Railway Station has a fixed-point tourist bus leading to the scenic spot (Shimen and Quxi scenic spots currently do not have a tourist bus, which can be rented by car or by car.)
1 Road, 6 Road (Tianshui City Center Square – Tianshui Railway Station)
Route 34 (Train Station – Maiji Mountain)
Route 37 (Train Station – Xianren Cliff, Jingtu Temple)
38 Road (train station – hot spring)

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