Luofu Mountain Scenic Area

Luofu Mountain Scenic Area

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Geographic location:Boluo County, Guangdong Province

Level:AAAAA

Famous scenery:Feiyunfeng, Tieqiaofeng, Yufufeng, Camel Peak and Upper Boundary Peak

Climate type:Subtropical monsoon climate

Luofu Mountain Scenic Area is a national AAAAA level scenic spot. It is located on the coast of Dongjiang, Guangdong, 35 kilometers away from Boluo County, Huizhou City, and borders Zengcheng and Longmen. The area is 260 square kilometers. There are 432 large and small mountain peaks, 980 famous waterfalls, 18 caves, and 72 stone caves. The mountains are magnificent and magnificent. Luofu Mountain, known as the first mountain in Lingnan, has been called Xianshan since the Qin and Han Dynasties. The historian Sima Qian compared Luofu Mountain to “Yueyue Mountain” and is one of the top ten famous mountains in China. It is also a famous Taoist mountain in China. Taoism calls it the seventh hole and the thirty-fourth blessed land. It is also known as the Nanyue Mountain in Xiqiao Mountain in Nanhai County. It is China’s “national key scenic spot” and summer resort, and is known as “the first mountain in Lingnan”. In the Northern Song Dynasty, Su Dongpo once made a famous phrase in the “four o’clock in Luofu Mountain, the second in Lu Orange and Yangmei. The three hundred lychees in the day, and they did not resign as Lingnan people”, making Luofu Mountain famous in the world.

On December 19, 2013, according to the announcement of the National Tourism Scenic Area Quality Rating Committee, Luofu Mountain Scenic Area was approved as a national 5A level scenic spot, becoming the first scenic spot in Huizhou City and the ninth national 5A level tourist attraction in Guangdong Province.

Luofu Mountain Scenic Area

Geographic location

Luofu Mountain Scenic Area is located on the bank of Dongjiang in the northwest of Boluo County, Huizhou City, Guangdong Province, across Boluo County, Longmen County and Zengcheng City. It is 35 kilometers away from Boluo County, Huizhou City, and borders Zengcheng and Longmen. It is 25 kilometers away from Boluo County, 60 kilometers west of Guangzhou, 45 kilometers south of Dongguan, 150 kilometers away from Shenzhen, and 55 kilometers east of Huizhou. Guanghui Expressway, Guangyu Highway and Guangmei Highway pass through the foot of the mountain. Guanghui Expressway The road has the Luofu Mountain exit. Located at 23 degrees east longitude and 114 degrees north latitude.

Luofu Mountain Scenic Area

Geological formation

In the “Han County Book” in the “Han County Book”, later generations made a note to describe Luofu Mountain: “Bolo has Luoshan, and Fushan is the name of Fufu from Fuji.” It means that Luofu Mountain was formed by the collision of Luoshan and Fushan, but this is only a legend. According to geologists, Luofu Mountain was formed 80 million years ago, and the fault occurred in the crust, and the granite body was squashed and bulged. After years of wind and rain erosion, the Luofu Mountain, which is now full of strange peaks, has formed.

Luofu Mountain Scenic Area

Natural resources

Luofu Mountain is just on the northern tropic line. It has a subtropical monsoon climate with abundant rainfall and dense vegetation. The top of the mountain is low shrubs and meadows, the mountainside is shrub forest and pine forest, and the bottom of the mountain is evergreen broad-leaved forest. There are more than 1,200 kinds of medicinal plants and various fruits growing on the mountain. There are more than 1,200 kinds of medicinal plants in Luofu Mountain. The drug market of one of the four cities in eastern Guangdong is located on the left side of the Luofu Mountain Chongzhen ancient view, called Dongtian Medicine City. The famous native specialties, leeks, cloud sweet tea and rich citrus, orange, orange, pomelo, lychee, longan, persimmon, and bayberry have unique flavors. Su Dongpo’s “fourth spring in Luofu Mountain, Lu Orange Yangmei is the first new. Three hundred lychee, the long-lost man of Lingnan” is a true portrayal of Luofushan’s rich variety of fruits.

Luofu Mountain Scenic Area

Main Attractions

The three characteristics of Luofu Mountain are: Qifeng Rock, Fei Waterfall, and Cave Wonder. There are 432 mountain peaks in Luofu Mountain. The more famous ones are Feiyun Peak, Tieqiao Peak, Yufu Peak, Camel Peak and Shangjie Peak. Among them, Feiyunfeng is the main peak, and the sea is 1,296 meters. It is named because it is towering into the sky. There are more than 980 famous waterfalls in Luofu Mountain. The famous ones include Bailu Waterfall, Baishuimen Waterfall, Huanglong Cave Waterfall, Bailian Lake, Furong Pool, Changsheng Well, and Zhuo Xiquan, which is praised by Su Dongpo, a scholar of the Northern Song Dynasty. Luofu Mountain also has 18 large caves such as Zhu Ming, Penglai, Taoyuan, Butterfly and Night Music. There are 72 small caves such as Tongtian, Luohan, Fuhu and Drip. Among them, Zhuming Cave is the largest cave on the mountain.

Luofu Mountain Scenic Area

Huashou Temple

Huashou Temple Huashou Temple is also called Huashoutai, which is located in the southwest of Luofu Mountain. Huashou Temple was built in the 26th year of the Tang Dynasty and has a history of more than 1,200 years. It is said that there were 500 real people gathered in this place and named after Huashou Temple. During the Wanli Period of the Ming Dynasty, Luofu Mountain was full of incense and there were eighteen temples, and Huashou Temple was listed as the “first Zen forest”. The original Drum Tower, Bell Tower, and the Great Hall were all destroyed during the Cultural Revolution, leaving only the wall to be broken. It was not until 1987 that Hong Kong compatriot Mr. Guan Yaochang raised huge sums of money to rebuild. The newly built Huashou Temple has more than 10,000 square meters and the tour time takes more than one hour. The main Buddhist buildings include: Wanghai Guanyin, Tianwang Hall, Wanfo Tower, Daxiong Hall, and Wubai Luohan Hall. Huashou Temple not only has a long history of Buddhism, but also numerous natural landscapes and cliff stone carvings. The most representative cliff stone carvings are “The First Mountain in the South” and “Shenzhongfa Province”. The most negative natural landscape is the “Flying Clouds” waterfall and the Millennium Silver Tree.

Luofu Mountain Scenic Area

Crisp view

The Crisp Cave is located in the northern part of Luoshan Mountain and in the deep mountain valley south of Fushan Mountain. It is called “Shenxian Ancient Cave” and “The Austrian Area of Qiqiling, the Blessed Land of Cultivation”. It is a good place in the cave. After leaning against the green hills, there are two mountains in the front, and the left and right pavilions are spectacular. It is the former site of Ge Hongbei. After Ge Hongxian’s death, Beibei became increasingly decadent. During the Tang and Song Dynasties, Taoist people built a view on the site of Beibei, and took a view of the name of the Crisp. Due to years of disrepair, Guanyu gradually became paralyzed. During the period of the Republic of China, Zhang Yuquan, who lived in the village for more than 40 years, and Daozhong’s acquaintances, “the curtain of the giant gold, rebuilt the temple.” Yu Geng was founded in May of 1930 (1930). The total area of the Taoist Temple is more than 2,700 square meters. The main hall wall has inscriptions such as “Rebuilding the Inscriptions on the Crisp and Resurrection”, “Rebuilding the Inscription on the Crisp”, “The Book of the Plum Blossoms in the Forest” and “The Tomb of the Constitution”. The temple is dedicated to Leizu, Lvzu and Gezu. The main hall extends to the patio with a height of 8. meters and a width of 4.75 meters. It is a place where the disciples are taught to pass through the temple. There are centuries-old ancient tea trees in the courtyard. There are memory beds in the Qing Dynasty “Jubao” flower pots and ancient road beds that Chiang Kai-shek, Chen Jitang and Cai Ting-yu have slept.

Luofu Mountain Scenic Area

Huang Longguan

Located in the southwestern corner of Luofu Mountain, Huanglong Cave is one of the famous 18-hole wonders of Luofu Mountain. For the former site of Ge Hongxi, it is also the location of the Tianhua Palace built by Liu Han of the Southern Han Dynasty. During the Kangxi reign of the Qing Dynasty, Zhang Miaosheng, a Taoist priest, went to Huanglongdong to create the independent dojo of the Lushan faction and named it Huanglongguan. During the Cultural Revolution, Huanglongguan was completely destroyed, leaving a broken wall. By 1992, the local government had effectively implemented various religious policies. Under the invitation of the local government, Hong Kong Taoist Qingsong Guanchang Hou Baozhen spent a huge amount of money to rebuild Huanglongguan. After many efforts, Huang Longguan was finally completed in October 1997. The reconstructed Huanglongguan has a total area of over 15,000 square meters. The reconstructed Huanglong Temple is magnificent and magnificent, and the golden glory has become one of the main Taoist temples in South China with the largest area of Taoism and the largest building area and the most religious and cultural atmosphere.

Luofu Mountain Scenic Area

Chonggu ancient view

The temple was built in the Eastern Jin Dynasty and the second year of the Eastern Jin Dynasty (AD 327) was created by Ge Hong in Jurong County, Jiangsu Province. This view is the south of the four ancestral halls of the East, South, West and North that he pioneered in Luofu Mountain. Hey, it has a history of more than 1,670 years. Ge Hong added 3 gongs to the northwest of Luofu in the northwest of Shandong Province. He went to school and said that he left the 116 volumes of “Bao Puzi” inside and outside, “The Elbow Reserve”, “The Immortal Biography”, “The Collection of Different Biography” “”, “Golden Pharmacy” and other works. Zhu Mingdong Nannan nickname is imaginary, also known as Xuanxu. After the death of Ge Hong in 405 years (the first year of the Eastern Jin Dynasty), he was converted into a tribute. In 714 (Tang Kaiyuan two years), the Emperor sent a priest to Luofushan for rain. In 742 (the first year of Tianbao), he built a altar for the sake of the mountain, and soon sent Shen Taizhi to worship the mountain. During the period, the governor of Xunzhou (now Huizhou) came to this ritual and changed his mind to become a vain. Set up 10 family guards and arrange 2 full-time priests. In 809 (Tang Yuan and four years), Han Yu’s proud student, Li Wei, was also a priest in the Zhou Dynasty. Bai Yuzhen, one of the seven ancestors of the Southern Dynasties of the Taoist dynasty in the Northern Song Dynasty, said that “this time Daxian, Zhaoxing statue.” In 1087 (the second year of the Song and Yuan Dynasties), the name was given, and the concept of emptiness was changed to the name of emptiness. This name has been used ever since. As for the plaque of the book of Ruilin, the emissary of the Qing Dynasty in the Qing Dynasty, the word “ancient” has become more and more “ancient” and has become a revival of the ancient view. Hufa Hall, Sanqingbao Hall, Lvzu Hall, Chisong Huangxian Temple; there are more than 100 Danfang, Zhaitang and Treasury, and the building area of ​​the entire Taoist Temple is more than 4,400 square meters. It is said that Wong Tai Sin in Hong Kong, Shanghai, Hangzhou West Lake, Malaysia, Singapore and other places are branching out from here. Not only does Taoism have a long history, but it also has a glorious page in the history of revolutionary struggle. In 1945, the headquarters of the Dongjiang Column was set up in the ancient view of the dynasty. As the former site of the Dongjiang Column Command, Chongxu Ancient View was listed as a provincial key cultural relics protection unit by the Guangdong Provincial People’s Government in 1979. In 1983, it was listed by the State Council as one of the 22 key temples in the country. Today’s rushing ancient view has been used as a theme attraction for tourists to seek for wealth, fortune, and to visit. As early as the beginning of the Republic of China, military and political officials such as Sun Yat-sen, Soong Ching Ling, Chiang Kai-shek, and Chen Ji-yu had personally visited the ancient landscape. In the 1950s and 1960s, seven marshals, including Premier Zhou Enlai and Chen Yi, also visited Luofu Mountain. Among them, Premier Zhou gave specific instructions on the construction of the ancient concept of the illusion, and also allocated twenty-two gold moorings to refresh the statues in the Sanqing Hall to make it shine. In 2004, the former President of the State, Mr. Jiang Zemin, also came to visit and guide.

Luofu Mountain Scenic Area

Ge Xianyu

The donkey is enshrined by Ge Hong and Bao Gu. Ge Hong, the word Zhichuan, No. Bao Puzi, Danyang Jurong (now Jiangsu). Ge Hong lost his father at the age of 13 and lived in poverty. He studied at an early age and borrowed books from all over the country. Above the mountain cut wood to buy paper and pencil. I often use firewood to illuminate at night and read and transcribe. Sometimes, in order to borrow books or ask for advice, I don’t hesitate to wading through the mountains for thousands of miles. As the Expo has a history of hundreds of books, nearly 10,000 volumes, known as Confucianism. In his teens, he began to write “Bao Puzi’s Outer Chapter.” It is said that he is indifferent to people, not good for profit. Do not like Star Book, Arithmetic, Jiugong, Sanqi, Taiyi, Feifu and the like. Late school style, look at the gas, Sanyuan, armor, Liuyi, Taiyi’s method, good gods guide the law. Taking Zheng Yin as a teacher, he got his alchemy and then went south to Guangzhou. After staying in Luofu Mountain for a few years, return to the village. Sima Rui (Rui) was a prime minister, and he was given a prince. Later, he served as the state’s main thin, General Fu Bo, Situ (rebel), counseling, and joining the army. I heard that I’m going to go out and ask for a leak. After passing through Guangzhou, the thorny history of Deng Yue was retained, Deng Yuhong went to Luofushan alchemy, Ge Hong took the boat to Dongjiang for the second time into Luofu, and lived in Luofushan for thirty-six years. It opened up the Taoist holy land in Lingnan and created several ancestral halls in the east, west, south and north in Luofu Mountain. At the age of eighty-one, he swallowed himself from the nine-turn Jindan in Luofu Mountain.

Ge Hong is knowledgeable and has written many books, far exceeding Sima Qian and Ban Gu. Also good at arguing about the mystery, the analysis is very incisive and meticulous. His main work, “Bao Puzi Inside and Outside”, is an all-encompassing and important work in the history of Taoism with a relatively complete theoretical system and a variety of techniques. It is an indispensable material for studying the history of Taoism in China before the Jin Dynasty.

Luofu Mountain Scenic Area

Dongjiang Column Memorial Hall

The Dongjiang Column Memorial Hall Dongjiang Column Memorial Hall was opened on December 1, 2003 and the 60th anniversary of Dongheng. It is located in the Zhumingdong Scenic Area of Luofu Mountain Scenic Area. Surrounded by mountains on three sides, the front is the beautiful Bailian Lake, and not far from the right is the old site of the East Long Command. The surroundings are elegant and the scenery is pleasant. The name of the “Dongjiang Column Memorial Hall” was inscribed by Ye Xuanping, the former vice chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference.

The memorial building covers an area of 3,300 square meters. There are 4 exhibition halls and work service areas in the pavilion. The four halls are “Precursor Hall”, “Showroom”, “British Hall”, “Mirror Hall”, and two visits with a length of more than 60 meters and a width of 3 meters. corridor. The exhibition hall contains a large amount of literature, real historical photographs, and precious revolutionary cultural relics, which fully reflect the revolutionary deeds of the Dongjiang column, the Guangdong-Guangzhou column, and the Guangdong-Xiangxiang side column. There are more than 70 pieces of cultural relics on display, mainly the living appliances of the Eastern Warriors and the weapons of the enemy. Important cultural relics include the Dongjiang column “Forward Newspaper” printing press and the Dongjiang column, the Guangdong-Yunnan-Shanbian column, and the notices presented in the same year. The contents of the exhibition are divided into five parts: (1) the outbreak of the War of Resistance Against Japan, the formation of the Dongjiang people’s anti-Japanese armed forces; (2) the establishment of the Huidong Dongbao anti-Japanese base area after the enemy’s anti-Japanese war; (3) the establishment of the Dongjiang column to win the victory of the anti-Japanese guerrilla war; He was ordered to withdraw from Shandong and move to the north and south of the Yangtze River; (5) Adhere to the southern guerrilla liberation of the whole of Guangdong.

Luofu Mountain Scenic Area

Huixian Bridge

Huixian Bridge is a single-arch stone bridge with a width of 2.9 meters and a height of 3 meters. The surface is made of blue stone and the stigma is carved with a square body. According to legend, Su Dongpo’s first year of Su Dongpo went to Luofu Mountain. After drinking, he met a village aunt. The poetry rose and he went to “Looking for a sneak peek into Luofu, and taking a drunken rod to return home. After the rain, the mountain flowers are more beautiful, and the villagers return to Shengxiang’s Hit the oil poem. The village aunt saw his arrogance and replied: “Dongpo swims through the West Lake and invites the moon to be a fanatic. It is only for the opening, remember that the court is not you.” Dongpo suddenly felt amazed, knowing the fairy, waiting to look back When I was looking for it, I suddenly plunged into heavy rain, and the stream rose and washed away the wooden bridge that I went back. In the face of the iron turn Li passed, turned the iron into a bridge and let Su Dongpo pass the stream. Later generations built this bridge to commemorate the encounter between Su Dongpo and He Xiangu and Tieguan Li. The middle of the bridge is engraved with the word “Huixian Bridge”, which is the famous patriotic poet Qiu Fengjia of Taiwan in the Qing Dynasty.

Luofu Mountain Scenic Area

Lu Dongbin Temple

Lv Zuudian is dedicated to Lu Dongbin, one of the Eight Immortals.

Lv Dongbin, Taoist priests in the Tang Dynasty, and later Taoism are regarded as gods. Lv surname, Mingyan, the word Dongbin, No. pure Yangzi, claiming to be a returnee, is a Shanxi native. It is regarded as one of the five ancestors of the North by Quanzhen Tao, and is known as “Lu Zu”. According to legend, Lu Dongbin was surnamed Li, who served as a scholar in the Tang Dynasty sect. Because he saw Wu Zetian slaughter the descendants of the Tang Dynasty, he wanted to live for a long time after the children’s blood and alchemy suits, so he took his wife and left the emperor to live between the mountains and the mountains. It is often under the rock, hence the name of the rock, and because the hole in the hole is engraved with the word Dongbin, in order to avoid the capture of officials, so the name is buried, called Lu Dongbin. According to legend, before he got the road, he once met Han Zhong in the Changan Restaurant, and “Huang Wei’s Dream” was sentimental and asked for its excess. After the test of the birth and death of the Hanzhong, the heart was unmoved, so he was affected by the Jindan Dadan and Lingbao single method, and then met the fire dragon Zhenjun, passing the method of worshipping the sun and the moon and the sword of the Scorpio, claiming to be ” A broken greed, two broken love, three broken troubles, and vowed to do all the world. According to records: the Song Dynasty sealed it as “a wonderful real person.” The 14th day of the lunar calendar is the birthday of Lu Dongbin.

Lu Dongbin also has a lot of stories circulating in the folks. It is well known that there are “dogs biting Lu Dongbin, not knowing people’s hearts”. This is a post-speech language. We saw it in the TV series of “Where” because Lu Dongbin used the painting to trap the Tiangou, and later After the dog was escaped, he chased Lu Dongbin. However, there is another legend in our folks. One day, when Lu Dongbin traveled, it passed through the crispy cave in the north of Luofu Mountain and was attracted by the beauty of the cave. So I built a mountain house in the cave. Stay for a few days. One day, the other seven immortals came to him, and he happened to go out to practice the sword after the mountain, leaving only the dog to look at the house. Therefore, the Seven Immortals used the fairy method to point the dog, let the dog go to find Lu Dongbin. The master was found, but it did not speak, and he slammed two songs toward the master, and bite Lu Dongbin’s trousers with his mouth and dragged away. At this time, Lu Dongbin said with anger: “Dog, dog, I have never abused you, why did you bite me?” After that, I left. From then on, “The dog bites Lu Dongbin, does not know the good heart” The words will spread.

Luofu Mountain Scenic Area

Cave day wonder

Dongtian Wonderland is the most popular Taoist cultural landscape in Luofu Mountain. There are 18 large holes in the whole mountain and hundreds of small holes. The hole referred to here is not a cave, but a cave. It is a small world surrounded by several peaks and some ancient trees. Taoism is called a cave or a cave. The cave is quiet and fragrant, with spring water, ancient woods, birds and flowers, and butterfly dances. The best cave views include Zhu Ming, Hua Shou, Bai He, Huang Long, and Crisp. Many Taoist caves are the “blessings of the heavens” cultivated by the Taoist priests in the past, and they are also places where the literati and the lover are fascinated.

Luofu Mountain Scenic Area

Historical legend

History and culture

History, Taoism, and Confucianism have long existed in this place. The famous celebrities such as Lu Jia, Xie Lingyun, Li Bai, Du Fu, Li He, Liu Yuxi, Su Shi, Yang Wanli, Tang Xianzu, and Qu Dajun admired Luofu. Praise Luofu, leaving a lot of famous works, making Luofu Mountain a cultural mountain with rich cultural connotations. In Luofu Mountain, there are many inscriptions on stone inscriptions, poems and historical sites. Among them, there are more than 200 scenic spots and scenic spots, more than 180 stone cliffs and 13 religious temples. Founded in the scenic area of ​​Zhumingdong, the ancient dynasty was founded by the famous Taoist theorist, the alchemist and the pharmacologist Ge Hong of the Eastern Jin Dynasty. It has a history of more than 1600 years. In this essay, Ge Hong wrote a book on the alchemy, leaving 70 volumes of the inside and outside of Bao Puzi, “The Elbow Waiting for the Forgetfulness”, “The Immortal Biography”, “The Collection of Different Biography”, “Golden Medicine” and More than 600 poems have been enshrined in poetry, and the ancient concept of dynasty has become an influential Taoist resort in the country. Celebrities who have been to Luofu Mountain in modern times include Sun Yat-Sen, Soong Ching Ling, Liao Zhongkai, He Xiangning, Chen Jizhen, Chiang Kai-shek, Zhou Enlai, Chen Yi, Lin Biao, Lin Wenlong and so on.

Luofu Mountain Scenic Area

Taoist legend

According to legend, Taoism has thirty-six days of heaven and seventy-two places of good fortune. The world thinks that the heavens are in the sky, the auspicious and the more blessed, the salty and admiring. Taoist sneak lord, the magpies live in the quiet mountain forest, so choose the fairy tale, build the palace view, the period of the fairy wind and the merits of the garden. Since the ages, the Taoists have lived and the pilgrims have been lingering, so Dongtianfu has become the prevailing place of China’s Mianxiu River. Dong Tian Fu Di, also known as the 36 small hole days.

Among them, the 34th Fudi “spring source” is in Luofu Mountain.

Luofu Mountain Scenic Area

Travel guide

Scenic route

Luofushan Xianlu Tour:
In the morning, Zhu Mingdong scenic area gate group, Guanmeilin → Touring Du Fu → Tour Bailian Lake → Huixian Bridge → Chongxu Ancient View → Dongpo Pavilion → Washing Pool → Alchemy Stove → Taoyuan Dongtian → Feilai Stone → Penglai Trail → Butterfly Cave → Relics → Immortal bed → Ma Gufeng, lunch, afternoon tour of Wong Tai Sin footprints → Washing Bridge → Twenty-four filial piety → Huanglong Taoist Temple → Huashou Ancient Temple → Free activities → End of the itinerary.

Luofu Mountain Tianlu Tour:
In the morning, Zhu Mingdong scenic area gate group, Guanmeilin→Tour Dufu→Youbailian Lake→Daling Hall→Longquan Eye→Longyuan Feitao→Lion Peak→Luanlongping→Fuhuyan→Dividing Water→Lunch→Dengfei Yunding→Down Mountain Return to the original road or by cableway) → End the trip.

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