Geographic location:Lijiang City, Yunnan Province
Ticket price:100 yuan / person
Best time to travel:April, May
Lijiang Yulong Snow Mountain Scenic Spot is a 5A national scenic spot officially approved by the National Tourism Administration. Located in the Yulong Naxi Autonomous County, it is the southernmost snowy mountain in the northern hemisphere. It is 35 kilometers long from north to south, 13 kilometers wide from east to west, and covers an area of 960 square kilometers. The main peak fan is 5596 meters above sea level. The scenery of the alpine snowy area is more than 4,000 meters above sea level. It has a dangerous, strange, beautiful and beautiful scenery.
Jade Dragon Snow Mountain is called “Oulu” in Naxi, meaning silvery mountain rock. Its silver-packed, 13 snow peaks are endless, just like a “dragon” flying over the clouds, it is called “Jade Dragon.”
In 1988, Yulong Snow Mountain and Lijiang Ancient City, Tiger Leaping Gorge and Ninglang Lake formed the Yunnan Lijiang Yulong Snow Mountain Scenic Spot, which was approved by the State Council to be included in the second batch of national-level scenic spots.
On May 8, 2007, the Yulong Snow Mountain Scenic Spot in Lijiang City was officially approved by the National Tourism Administration as a national 5A-level tourist attraction.
On August 27, 2009, the Ministry of Land and Resources issued a document agreeing to grant the qualification of the National Geopark of Yulong Snow Mountain Scenic Spot in Jiangcheng.
Yulong Snow Mountain is located in the Yulong Naxi Autonomous County between 100°4′2′′～100°16′30′′ east longitude and 27°3′2′′～27°18′57′′ north latitude. It is the southernmost snowy mountain in the northern hemisphere, north and south. It is 35 kilometers long, 13 kilometers wide from east to west, and covers an area of 960 square kilometers. The scenery of the alpine snowy area is 4,000 meters above sea level, and the scenic area is 415 square kilometers.
The Yulong Snow Mountain is a fault-folded mountain formed by a large uplift in the Quaternary. The mountain is mainly composed of carbonate basins of the Devonian and Carboniferous, with a thickness of more than 3,000 meters, and some have been metamorphosed into marble. The main peak fan is composed of the Carboniferous jade dragon limestone. In the south of the mountain, there are Carboniferous, Permian basalt and limestone interbeds. There are Baishuihe and Heishuihe wonders in the Jade Dragon Snow Mountain. One riverbed of these two rivers develops in the limestone layer and the other develops in the basalt. The former river bottom is all white gravel, the water quality is clear; the latter is just the opposite, the stone gravel is black and yellow. The two rivers are white and black, forming a special landscape.
Jade Dragon Snow Mountain is also the most remote mountain with maritime glaciers in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The climate snow line is about 5,000 meters above sea level, and the topographic snow line is about 4000~4500 meters. The main peak fan is steeply developed with hanging glaciers. There are ice bucket glaciers at an altitude of 4500 to 5000 meters above sea level. There are 19 glaciers in total, with a total area of 11.61 square kilometers. Among them, “White Water No. 1” is the most visited glaciers. In addition, Jade Dragon Snow Mountain has many ancient glacial relics, including the dry river dam below the main peak fan. The bottom of the dry dam is 3,300 meters above sea level. The valley mouth is facing southwest and the valley is 300 meters wide. The relative height difference between the limestone steep walls on both sides is more than 1000 meters, and the valley slope is 65~70 degrees. It is a typical alpine-style large glacial valley.
Yulong Snow Mountain, the annual average temperature is 11.3 ° C, the coldest month average temperature of 3.0 ° C, the hottest month average temperature of 17 ° C. The annual rainfall of Lijiang Yulong Snow Mountain is about 1000-1200 mm, and the rainfall is mainly concentrated in June-October. The rainfall from June to October accounts for 80% of the total rainfall; from November to April, there is very little rainfall.
There are more than 60 kinds of main economic animals in Jade Dragon Snow Mountain. The national key protected animals are the golden monkey, the clouded leopard, the golden cat, the snow leopard, the Tibetan horse chicken, the green tailed rainbow trout, the pangolin, the little panda, the big and small cat, the white belly. Golden pheasant, bloody white pheasant and so on.
From the bottom to the top, Yulong Snow Mountain is distributed with Yunnan pine, Huashan pine, spruce, redwood, fir, etc.; the herbs are Cordyceps, snow tea, snow lotus, ephedra, three-thirds, fritillary, alfalfa, woody Wait. There are 196 species of algae in 31 families, more than 20 species of lichens in 17 families, bryophytes have 45 species of moss, 130 species of mites, 220 species of ferns, and more than 3,200 species of 145 families of seed plants; horticultural ornamental plants in Yunnan Province The main producing areas are more than 60 kinds of primroses, more than 50 kinds of rhododendrons and more than 70 kinds of orchids. It is a concentrated production area of Chinese plant specimens, and is known as the Natural Alpine Botanical Garden and the Modern Glacier Museum.
In addition, due to the high and low drop of Yulong Snow Mountain, from the foot of the mountain valley to the peak, there is a complete vertical natural landscape with subtropical and temperate to cold belts. Yulong Snow Shandong Slope, with an altitude of 2400~2900 meters, is a semi-humid evergreen broad-leaved forest and a Yunnan pine forest belt; an altitude of 2700~3200 meters is a coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forest and a hard-leaved evergreen broad-leaved forest belt. The former is mainly Lijiang hemlock The latter is mainly composed of yellow-backed and long-eared alpine ridges; the altitude is 3200~4200 meters, which is a dark coniferous forest belt in the mountains. The climate here is cool and humid, and the main vegetation is alpine pine forest, Lijiang spruce forest and long fir forest. The altitudes of 3700~4300 meters and the altitudes of 4300~5000 meters are the azalea shrub meadow belt and the sparse vegetation belt of the alpine flowing rock beach, respectively, which is permafrost. This has spawned thousands of plants, including 20 national protected plants.
The fan steep peak is located 15 kilometers north of Lijiang City, Yunnan Province, at an altitude of 5,596 meters. The Yulong Snow Mountain Range belongs to it. It is the highest peak in the northern hemisphere and the highest altitude in the world. It is located in the northwest of Lijiang, Yunnan Province, China. It is a north-south trend. It is about 13 kilometers wide from east to west and 35 kilometers long from north to south. It is opposite to Haba Snow Mountain and the Jinsha River runs through it.
Ganhaizi is located in the east of Yulong Snow. It was originally an alpine eroded lake. After the snow line rises, the water is reduced and dried up. It is called “dry sea son”. Ganhaizi is a plateau meadow surrounded by mountains and can see the whole picture of Jade Dragon Snow Mountain. The entire large meadow is about 4 kilometers long and 1.5 kilometers wide, and is covered with dense pastures and low shrubs.
Ganhaizi is a tourist distribution center in the Yulong Snow Mountain Tourist Area. It can provide food, accommodation, travel, travel, entertainment and purchase services for tourists. It has the world’s longest fairway, the highest altitude in Asia, and the only golf course at the foot of the snowy mountains.
Impression Lijiang Theater is located at the altitude of 3,100 meters above sea level in the Jade Dragon Snow Mountain, with the Xiongfeng of the Jade Dragon Snow Mountain as the natural background. The actors are composed of 500 farmers from 10 ethnic groups. Impression Lijiang is an original daytime live performance program directed by directors Zhang Yimou, Wang Chaoge and Fan Yue. The whole drama is divided into “The Ancient Horse Caravan”, “To the Snow Mountain”, “Heaven and Earth”, “Singing Group Song”, “ Invigorating the sacrifice of the heavens and the “blessing ceremony” six parts.
Yunshanping, also known as “the third country of lyrics”, is an alpine meadow with a steep mountainside of the main peak of the Yulong Snow Mountain. It is about 0.5 square kilometers and has an elevation of 3,240 meters. The language is called “You Wu Ge” or “land of love”. Jinxiu Valley, located in the foothills of the Jade Dragon Snow Mountain, is the holy land of the Naxi people in the lower right of the main peak of the Snow Mountain. In the Naxi language, Yunshanping is called “Wu Lu You Cui Ge”, which means “the land of lyrics in the Jade Dragon Mountain”. According to legend, this is the lyrical part of the young men and women of the “Yulong Third Kingdom” in the Naxi myths and legends. Young people from different ethnic groups sang folk songs and danced folk dances to welcome guests from all walks of life.
The glaciers of the Jade Dragon Snow Mountain belong to the temperate oceanic glaciers. Due to the influence of the maritime monsoon, they have the characteristics of large cumulative ablation, high ice temperature, obvious bottom sliding, fast movement and sensitivity to climate change. There are 19 modern glaciers in the Yulong Snow Mountain. The largest glacier, the Baishui No. 1 Glacier (the Glacier Park), is located just below the main peak of the fan and has a total length of 2.9 kilometers. The end of the glacier is a variety of ice towers, because the sun reflects the blue-green color, known as the “green snow peak.” The Glacier Park is 4,680 meters above sea level and has a cableway leading to the Glacier Park.
Blue Moon Valley
The Lanyue Valley Scenic Spot is the former “Whitewater River” scenic spot, located in the valley north of the Ganhaizi in the east of the Yulong Snow Mountain and on the south side of the Yunshanping. After the melting of the snow-capped glaciers, the ice and snow flowed down the cliffs, and they gradually merged into mountains and streams. Finally, in the deep valleys of the upper reaches of the Blue Moon Valley, a river with crystal clear and sweetness was formed. The riverbed was composed of white limestone. The whole river has a white luster and is exceptionally pure, hence the name “Whitewater River”. The reason why it is called “Blue Moon Valley” is because the color of the water is blue on a sunny day, and the valley is crescent-shaped. As far as the blue moon is set at the foot of the Jade Dragon Snow Mountain, the name is called Blue Moon. Valley.
Located in the north end of Yulong Snow Mountain Scenic Spot, Li Niuping is an important part of Yulong Snow Mountain Scenic Area. It starts from Liming Highway in the east, Heishui River in the south, Yulong Snow Mountain in the west, and the upper part of Snowflake Village in the north. It covers an area of 16.6 square kilometers. Living in the Yi and Tibetan villages. The villagers make a living from animal husbandry, the folk customs are complemented, and the national cultural atmosphere is relatively strong. It is a typical meadow pasture.
Traffic in the city
Scenic traffic is more convenient, you can choose to charter or take a special bus or bus. From Lijiang to Yulong Snow Mountain, take the 7th road near the Red Sun Plaza, 15 yuan for one person.
Yulong Snow Mountain Scenic Area eco-car 20 yuan / person, can reach the Jade Dragon Snow Mountain Glacier Park, Blue Moon Valley, Yunshanping, Maoniuping attractions.
The departure time of Maoniuping is from 8:30 to 15:00, every 30 minutes.
Scenic spot ticket: 100 yuan / person
Package: Da Yulong Pass: 225 yuan (including Dongshan Valley, Dongba Valley, Yuzhu Qingtian, Dongba Wanshenyuan, Yushui Village, Yufeng Temple, Dongba Kingdom total 6 points, only recommend Dongba Valley and Yushui Village, Yufeng Temple).
Individual passengers: Into the mountain fee: 105 yuan (Dayulong 6 attractions can buy a single vote). Ancient city maintenance fee: 80 yuan. Holding a student ID card, the military officer’s card is half price. The remaining documents are invalid.
Glacier Park Grand Cableway: 150 yuan. Spruce Ping small cableway: 55 yuan. The yak ping middle ropeway: 60 yuan. From Ganhaizi to the ropeway station, you need to take an eco-car for 20 yuan.