Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area

Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area

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Geographic location:Leshan City, Sichuan Province

Level:AAAAA

Famous scenery:Leshan Sleeping Buddha, Wuyou Temple, Lingbao Tower, Jiading Square

Ticket price:90 yuan

Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area is located in the suburb of Leshan, at the intersection of Minjiang River, Dadu River and Qingyi River. The scenic area is 17.88 square kilometers. It faces Leshan City across the river and is located in the middle of Lingyun Mountain. Lingyun Mountain is 448 meters above sea level and has a circumference of about 3.5 kilometers. 0.6 square kilometers. On the mountain, Maolin Xiuzhu has a lush greenery all year round, and the Sanxia River gathers under the mountain. It enjoys the reputation of the crown of the southwestern landscape and is praised by the literati of the past.

In 1984, it was declared a national-level scenic spot by the State Council. In 1991, it was selected as one of the top 40 Chinese tourist destinations. On July 6, 2011, the Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area was promoted to the national 5A level tourist attraction.

In the 1980s, the Leshan Sleeping Buddha was discovered. What is amazing is that the Leshan Giant Buddha is located at the heart of the Leshan Sleeping Buddha, which constitutes the “heart is the Buddha”.

Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area

Construction history

On May 25, 1979, according to the spirit of the provincial party committee, the Leshan Committee of the Communist Party of China decided to open the Leshan Wuyou Temple and the temples of Emei Mountain. On September 24th, the Leshan Giant Buddha Wuyou Management Office was established. On October 10, the scenic spot was built on the Rifeng Hotel.
In 1980, the Leshan Giant Buddha Wuyou Management Office rebuilt the Dongpo Building and built a Qingyin Pavilion at Linya.
On November 8, 1982, the State Council announced that Emei Mountain (including Leshan Giant Buddha) was the first batch of national key scenic spots. In December, the Lingyun plank road project started.
In late August 1983, the Mahaoya Tomb Museum was opened to the public.
In late October 1984, the Lingyun plank road project of the Great Buddha Temple was completed.
On September 30, 1987, the five hundred arhat clay sculpture project of Wuyou Temple was started and completed on December 6. The Zizi Street crosses the street crossing road.
On January 13, 1988, the State Council announced that Ma Maya’s tomb was a national key cultural relics protection unit.
On February 28, 1989, Lingyunshan Lingbao Tower maintenance project was completed. On September 26th, the Leshan Bridge (commonly known as the New Bridge) connecting the Great Buddha Scenic Area was held for completion and opening ceremony.
In July 1990, the Lingyunshan Moruotang project started.
On February 1, 1991, the Leshan Giant Buddha head and body repair project was started. On June 5, the comprehensive maintenance project of the Daxiong Hall of Lingyun Temple was started. On November 18th, Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area and Emei Mountain Scenic Area were selected as “Top 40 Chinese Tourist Attractions”.
On June 10, 1992, the maintenance work of the Daxiong Hall of Lingyun Temple was completed.
On September 30, 1993, the waters in the scenic area and the boundary of the Leshan City to the waterside gate project of Xiaogongzui to Shuiximen were completed.
In May 1994, the Oriental Buddha Temple located behind Lingyun Mountain was built and opened to the public.
On May 8, 1996, the cave-type mountain gate project in the north of Lingyun Mountain was completed. On December 6th, the 20th National Committee of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee in Merida, Mexico’s historical and cultural city, passed the Emei Mountain-Leshan Giant Buddha in the World Cultural and Natural Double Heritage List.
On March 18, 1998, the Leshan City Committee of the Communist Party of China (1998) No. 11 document decided to establish the Leshan City Dashan Scenic Area Management Committee. The original Leshan Giant Buddha Wuyou Cultural Relics Protection Administration was upgraded to the first level bureau (Zhengxian County). The Management Committee and the Cultural Management Bureau implement “two brands, one set of teams.” The management scope of the scenic spot is expanded to 4 square kilometers on the basis of the management of the original management bureau (ie Lingyun Mountain and Wuyou Mountain).
In May 1999, the newly built Donglingyun Shandong Gate Ecological Parking Lot was 4,200 square meters.
In 2000, the Big Buddha Scenic Area Counseling Service Department, founded by the Greater Buddha Scenic Area Management Committee, opened.
In 2001, the Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area was assessed as an AAAA-level tourist area by the National Tourism Administration and obtained certificates and signs. The AAAA level is the highest level of the tourist area at the time.
In February 2002, the highway winding project of the Great Buddha Scenic Area (provincial road 305) officially started. [4] On May 18, the protection project of the Big Buddha Buddha Foot Platform was started.
On March 8, 2004, the construction of the north gate of the Lingyun Mountain was started. The main project was completed on June 30th. On July 8, the Provincial Construction Department officially approved the Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area with a total area of ​​17.88 square kilometers and a core scenic area of ​​2.81 square kilometers.
On December 31, 2005, the Management Committee of the Great Buddha Scenic Area and the Leshan City Buddhist Association signed an agreement on the transfer of the Lingyun Temple to the Buddhist monks and the restoration of Buddhist activities. This is the first time that Lingyun Temple has been restored to a Buddhist activity since it was stopped in 1950 in the early days of the founding of the People’s Republic of China.
In September 2006, the Leshan Giant Buddha Memorial Archway, the Leshan Giant Buddha Theatre, the Leshan Giant Buddha Museum Exhibition Hall Project and the Renjiaba Square were completed.
In 2007, the Renjia Dam Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area Visitor Service Center was completed.
In 2011, on July 6, the National Tourism Administration awarded five new nationally recognized 5A-level tourist attractions in Beijing, and five scenic spots such as Leshan Giant Buddha were newly awarded the national 5A-level tourist scenic spot.

Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area

Scenic range

Scenic area

The scenic area is 100 meters to the west of the 305 Provincial Highway in the east, and to the Lancang Bridge in the north, along the west bank of the Minjiang River to the outside of Xiaogongzui, and then along the north bank of the Dadu River to the Xiaoba Dadu River Bridge, along the Leshan High-tech Industrial Development Zone. The red line on the south side of Binhe Road and the east boundary to Guanying Highway in the development zone are closed along the red line on the north side of the Guanying Highway, crossing the old section of the Laojiangba Bridge across the Yangtze River. The geographical coordinates are 103°43′12′′~103°47′06′′ east longitude, 29°31′12′′~29°35′17′′ north latitude, and the total area is 17.88 square kilometers.

Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area

Core area

The core area covers the scope of World Heritage protection. It starts from Leshan to Wutongqiao Highway in the east, goes to Sanguishan in the north, crosses the river to Hanchun Gate in the west, goes along the west bank of the Minjiang River to Xiaogongzui, and then goes west along the north bank of Dadu River to Tie Niu Men. Cross the Dadu River and cross the Fengzhou Island to the south bank of the Dadu River. The coast is south to the opposite side of Wuyou Mountain. The river runs along the Wuyou Mountain foot to the Wuyou Bridge over the canal. The river is north and the Leshan-Wantong Bridge is closed. 2.81 square kilometers.

Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area

Scenic composition

Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area is located on the outskirts of Leshan City, the Three Rivers Confluence of Minjiang River, Qingyi River and Dadu River, facing Leshan City across the river. The scenic spot consists of Lingyun Mountain, Mahaoyan Tomb, Wuyou Mountain, and Giant Reclining Buddha.

Lingyun Mountain is close to the Yangtze River, with Lingyun Temple on it, built in the Tang Dynasty. A large Buddha is built in the mountains. It is 71 meters high and 8.5 meters wide on the instep. It is the largest Buddha in the world today. The Big Buddha was created by the Haitang monk in the Tang Dynasty. It lasted for 90 years. The Buddha is a statue of Maitreya. It is graceful and magnificent. It is praised by poets as “the mountain is a Buddha and the Buddha is a mountain.”

The Mahaoyan Tomb is a tomb of the Han Dynasty, and the Mahao area is relatively concentrated. It is a national key cultural relics protection unit. Opened is a large tomb with a “three-hole in front”. There are fine carvings on the tomb gates, flying dragonflies, tiled, arches, and patterns. There are many historical stories and animal reliefs on the tomb wall. It is a kind of material material that studies ancient architectural sculptures, folk customs and religions.

Wuyou Mountain and Lingyun Mountain stand side by side on the bank of the Lijiang River, surrounded by water, such as a pile of jasper floating in the river. On the mountain, there is the Wuyou Temple, which was founded in the Tang Dynasty. There are seven temples in the temple. The temple is surrounded by wood and green cages, especially quiet and quiet. Temple Neliya is the place where the Han Dynasty writer Guo Sheren commented on Erya.

Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area

Main Attractions

Leshan Giant Buddha

Leshan Giant Buddha carving on the rock wall at the confluence of the Minjiang River, Qingyi River and Dadu River is a statue of Maitreya. The Buddha statue was excavated in the early years of Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty (AD 713). It was the Haitong monk who initiated the recruitment of manpower and material resources to reduce the water potential and Purdue the sentient beings. It was completed in the 19th year of Dezong Yuanyuan (AD 803). 90 years.

On December 6, 1996, the Leshan Giant Buddha was approved by UNESCO as the “World Cultural and Natural Heritage” and officially listed on the World Heritage List.

The Buddha is well-proportioned, and the gods are solemn, and they are made up by the mountains. The Buddha is 71 meters high, 10 meters wide, 1021 hairpins, 7 meters long, 5.6 meters long, 5.6 meters long, 3.4 meters long, 3.3 meters long, 28 meters wide, 8.3 meters long, 8.5 meters wide. It can be surrounded by more than 100 people and is praised by the poet as “the mountain is a Buddha, the Buddha is a mountain”, and it is the world’s largest Buddha (the world’s largest stone carving Maitreya Buddha statue). On the left side of the Big Buddha, along the “Cong Tian” is the beginning of the Lingyun plank road, with a total length of nearly 500 meters. On the right is the Jiuqu plank road.

Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area

Giant sleeping Buddha

“Giant Sleeping Buddha” is also known as “Invisible Sleeping Buddha”. It is located at the confluence of Sanjiang (Lijiang River, Qingyi River, Dadu River) on the side of Leshan City. The Buddha Head, Buddha Body and Buddha Foot are made up of Wuyou Mountain and Lingyun Mountain. It is formed by the east rock, and the distance between the north and the south is about 1,300 meters. The head of the south foot is lying on the side of the Sanjiang River. The giant Buddha’s “Buddha Head” is the most vivid, Wuyou Mountain is the “Buddha Head”, Jingyun Pavilion is like “Eyelash”, and the top of the mountain crown is “Forehead, Nose, Lip, Jaw”, full of grace; Lingyun Mountain is habitat, The two peaks of Jifeng are “Buddha”, Lingbao is its “belly and thigh”, the peak of the day is its “calf”, and the south slope of Dongyan is its “leg”.

Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area

Oriental Buddha Capital

Oriental Buddha Capital, opened in May 1994 in Leshan, China. It is only a mile away from the Leshan Giant Buddha. Within 200,000 square meters, it has concentrated on more than 3,000 statues of Buddhas at home and abroad. It uses natural mountain extensions to form a magnificent Buddhist scroll corridor. The embossing, engraving, murals and other forms of expression, using different materials, stone carving, copper casting, color plastic, ink jade, etc., fully embodies the style of Chinese Buddhism and Southeast Asian Buddhist art. There is an exhibition of more than 800 square meters of Buddhist art boutiques.

Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area

Lingbao Tower

Lingbao Tower, also known as Lingyun Tower, is named after the mountain peak because it stands in Lingbao Peak after Lingyun Temple. The tower was built in the Tang Dynasty. The tower is a conical pyramid with bricks. It sits east to west and is 38 meters high with a total of thirteen. The tower body is hollow, and the inner stone wall is spiraled to the top along the tower axis. The top of the tower is a four-corner tip. The structure and style of Lingbao Tower is similar to that of Xi’an Small Wild Goose Pagoda.

Each level of Lingbao Tower has a window eye, which can not only be used for lighting, but also for visitors to look around. The south side can be seen in the Zangjing Building and the Dongpo Building; the west side of the river is like a diarrhea, the three mountains are like a boat floating in the sea; the north is a bird’s-eye view of Leshan.

According to the situation of mountains and rivers, the purpose of constructing this tower is mainly as a sign of the confluence of the Three Rivers. The 71-meter-high Buddha is for the safety of the town and the Lingbao Tower is used as a navigational sign to make the boatwork pay more attention to safely cross the rapids.

Lingbao Tower has become a symbol of the ancient city of Jiazhou and has been declared a cultural relic protection unit by the Sichuan Provincial People’s Government.

Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area

Lingyun Temple

The Lingyun Temple Temple is suspended in the middle of the huge golden plaque, and the collection of the Su Dongpo book “Lingyun Temple” four characters. The two sides of the article are “Da Jiangdong, Dharma West”.

Lingyun Temple is a three-storey courtyard building consisting of Tianwang Hall, Daxiong Hall and Zangjing Building. The Dan Wall is covered with green trees. In front of the Temple of Heaven, there is a towering ancient wood, and on both sides of the temple are four inscriptions on the re-cultivation of the temples of the Ming and Qing Dynasties. The statue in the middle of the temple is a portrait of Maitreya, and it is called “big belly Luohan”. On both sides, there are four statues of the king, and they are glaring and powerful. Behind the Temple of Heaven, the Temple of Wei Yu, dedicated to the god of the wood carving gold, Wei Wei. Through the Temple of Heaven, the building of the Great Hall of the Ming Dynasty, is the main place for the public to hold religious activities. In the middle of the hall, sitting on the three statues of Sakyamuni (the body, the body, the body), the shape is beautiful, the demeanor is solemn. On the back of the Daxiong Hall is the new bottle of Guanyin, which is divided into Manjusri, Puxian, Dizang and the general four-bodhisattva. It is a work of the Ming Dynasty.

The last temple in the temple is the Tibetan Buddhist Scriptures. It was originally the place where the Buddhist scriptures were collected in the temple. It was newly built in 1930. Modern architecture can be seen from its structure and shape.

Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area

Buddha Paradise

The Buddha’s Paradise is a fusion of ancient architecture, cliff statues, sculptures, murals and paintings. The scenery is beautiful. The Tang-style ancient buildings have 12 singles, such as Tianqiao, Tianmen, Tianti, Yuntai, Yunti, and the Three Great Halls. High seat, big belly Buddha smiled face, fairy flying, dragon coiled, carved beam painting, golden wall brilliant; more than 1,000 meters of stone carved corridor carved with “Mai Le San Jing” and Dunhuang murals based on the beautiful shape, interesting and interesting Maitreya Buddha The story of life and evolution, it echoes the Leshan Giant Buddha.

Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area

Haishidong

The founder of Leshan Giant Buddha Construction is Haitong Monk. Haitong is a native of Guizhou, and it is in the middle of Lingyun Mountain. See the Lancang River, the Qingyi River, and the Dadu River. The Sanjiang River gathers the Lingyun Mountain. Whenever the summer rivers, the rivers and rivers rush to the mountain walls, often dumping the boat series, causing the tragedy of the ship’s destruction. For this reason, it is determined to use the cliff to cut Maitreya. Big image, want to rely on the boundless mana, reduce the water potential, Yongzhen Fengtao. As a result, Haitong Zen Masters traveled across the Yangtze River, the two lakes, Huaihai and other places to raise human and financial resources and to dig a large Buddha. After the Buddha’s image was started, the county’s squadrons created funds, which aroused Haitong’s incomparable anger. The stern words refused to say that “the self-defeating, the Buddha’s wealth is hard to come by” the county’s bullying, instead saying: “Trying the future” Haitong’s righteousness is calm and calm. The purpose of the dish. Because of the shock, he rushed to pray. Haitong’s sincere dedication has not only greeted repentance, but also inspired the hearts of the people.

Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area

Mo Ruotang

Located in the northwest of Lingbao Peak, Moruotang is made up of a Chinese-Western-style walled house, with blue bricks and gray tiles, simple and elegant. This was built to commemorate Guo Moruo, who was born in Leshan Shawan. The door number “Mo Ruo Tang” is written by Chu Tunan, and the two sides of the door are the couplets written by the famous writer Ma Zhitu.

On the steps about 10 meters in front of the church, there is a bronze statue of Guo Moruo, about 3 meters high. A 6.5-meter-high granite giant pen stands next to the statue, and the goddess, Qu Yuan, and the phoenix nirvana pattern are engraved on the pen. The giant pen points straight to the blue sky, symbolizing the achievements of Guo Moruo’s eternal life.

Mo Ruotang is the research center and data center of Guo Moruo in Sichuan Province. It displays pictures of Guo Moruo’s life stories and various works, as well as an exhibition about Guo Moruo’s research results.

Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area

Lingyun plank road

On the stone wall on the right side of the Leshan Giant Buddha, there is a steep plank road, which circulates nine songs from top to bottom. This is the “Jiuqu Plank Road”, which was excavated at the same time as the construction of Buddha statues. At the top of the plank road, there is a gallery-style pavilion. The first fold of the plank road is engraved with fine patterns and engraved with a tower pavilion. It is a valuable material for studying the architecture and stone carving art of the Tang Dynasty.

The widest point of the plank road is 1.45 meters, and the narrowest part is 0.6 meters. There are a total of 217 stone steps, which are moved back down the cliff to reach the foot of the Buddha.

The plank road was excavated in early 1983. It was completed in 1984 and opened in October of the same year. It is about 500 meters long. It is connected to the Buddha at the north end and connected to the Bijin building at the south end. It forms a tortuous tourist route with the Jiuqu plank road on the right side of the Buddha.

Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area

Ma Hao’s Tomb

Ma Haoya’s tomb is located on the east bank of the spillway between Lingyun and Wuyou. Mahao is its place name. The cliff tomb is a prominent form of tomb in Sichuan. It is characterized by a shallow mound. The sandy rock layers of the valley are artificially chiseled into square caves, and then buried bodies and funerary objects are buried. Looking from the outside, it is a mysterious cave. This kind of tomb was popular in the Eastern Han Dynasty to the Northern and Southern Dynasties more than 1800 years ago, so it is called the Eastern Han Cliff Tomb.

Yueshan Hanyayu is distributed on the cliffs along the Minjiang River, Qingyi River, Dadu River and shallow valleys, with tens of thousands. The number and scale of the stone carvings are among the highest in the world. Ma Maya Tomb is the most concentrated and representative tomb group in the Leshan Cliff Tombs. There are 544 cliff tombs in the area of about 200 meters in length and 25 meters in width. The tombs are lining up and dense, like a bee. Spectacular. The Han Dynasty tombs were announced by the State Council in 1988 as national key cultural relics protection units.

Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area

Pikin House

The Pikjin House is a large landscape of Lingyun Mountain, which stands on the mountain road in the latter half of the mountain. Looking down from the top of the mountain, it seems like a fairyland that suddenly appears in the green mountains and green waters. Looking up from the bottom of the mountain, but there is a husband to be off, Wanfu Mo opened the momentum. The original site of the Pikin House was built in the Song Dynasty in the south of Leshan City. According to the “Shui Jing Zhu” and the Song Dynasty Wei Weng “Zijin House” recorded, the word 取 takes the Qingyi River out of jade, the word is the meaning of the ferry, hence the name 璧津楼, has been destroyed. The place where the Shijin Building is built is originally the Hongchuan Temple that worships the main statue of Chuanchuan.

Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area

Wuyou Mountain

Wuyou Mountain on the other side of Lingyun Mountain is surrounded by water, with solitary peaks, lush foliage and deep bamboo. The Wuyou Temple on the mountain was built in the middle of the Tang Dynasty. The main hall is the Daxiong Hall. The structure is rigorous and brilliant. On the side of the Buddhist temple is Luohantang, more than 500 statues of clay sculptures, which are very different and very high in artistic value.

Eryatai is a place on the cliff in the west of Wuyou Mountain. It is the place where the Han Dynasty writer Guo Sheren commented on Erya. The original site of Eryatai was in the current Qicha Pavilion, and was relocated to its current location when it was rebuilt in 1921. Eryatai was originally a three-storey building with an overall connection and interesting twists and turns. The second layer was removed during maintenance after liberation, leaving the top and bottom layers. After the top floor, it was renamed to listen to Tao Xuan, and Erya has only one layer.

Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area

Travel Information

Traffic Guide

Railway: The Chengdu-Kunming Railway runs through five counties, cities and districts including Jiajiang, Emeishan, Shawan, Yubian and Jinkouhe. By train to Leshan and Emeishan, you can get off at Emeishan Station on Kunming Line. It is 10 kilometers away from the gate of Emei Mountain Scenic Area (Baoguo Temple) and 31 kilometers away from Leshan City Center. There is a express bus connecting to Leshan Xiaoba in the Emeishan Passenger Transport Center Station opposite Emei Railway Station. At the end of 2012, the Chengmianle Intercity Light Rail Transit will shorten the distance from Chengdu to Leshan, which takes about 50 minutes.

Highway: From Chengdu to Leshan, only 162 kilometers away from the expressway, Chengdu North Railway Station (Holly Pond), Xinnanmen Station, and Shiyangchang Station have scheduled shuttles. Each travel agency has a coach, including Chengdu North Railway Station. —— Leshan Intermodal Station, New South Gate Tourist Station – Leshan Xiaoba Tourist Station, Shiyangchang Station – Leshan Passenger Transport Center Station, the fare is about 45 yuan. After arriving at Leshan Xiaoba Station, take the No. 13 bus to the Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Spot. The fare is 1 yuan. To reach the Leshan Intermodal Station and the Leshan Passenger Transport Center Station, you need to transfer to the bus to reach the Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Spot. Leshan is 31 kilometers away from Emeishan City. There are expressways connected to each other and there is a bus every 10 minutes. In addition to Chengdu and Emeishan, Leshan also has passenger lines to Chongqing, Neijiang, Zigong, Yibin and Ya’an Expressways.

Waterway: Leshan is located at the intersection of Minjiang River and Dadu River. There are dozens of tourist boats every day to Leshan Giant Buddha. Leshan Port has passenger liners in Yibin, Zhangzhou and Chongqing.

Aviation: The downtown area of Leshan is only 150 kilometers away from Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport. The whole journey is a high-grade highway. There are civil aviation and train ticket offices in the city, which can purchase plane tickets and train tickets from Chengdu to all parts of the country.

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