Geographic location:China Sichuan Province Langzhong City
Famous scenery:Big Buddha Temple, Wulong Temple
Suitable for the play season:spring fall
The ancient city of Langzhong is a national AAAAA-level tourist scenic spot, a thousand-year old county, the hometown of Chinese New Year culture, and one of the four ancient cities in China.
The ancient city of Langzhong is located in the northeastern margin of the Sichuan Basin and the middle reaches of the Jialing River. The total area of the “5A” scenic spot in the ancient city of Langzhong is 4.59 square kilometers, and the core area of the ancient city is 2 square kilometers. As of 2015, the ancient city has a history of more than 2,300 years of city construction, and it is the military town of the ancient Pakistani state.
There are 8 national key cultural relics protection units in Zhangzhong Temple, Yong’an Temple, Wulong Temple, Tengwang Pavilion, Guanyin Temple, Baba Temple, Dafo Temple and Chuanbei Road Gongyuan. There are Shaojiawan Tombs, Wenbi Tower and Shishiguan Cliff. 22 provincial-level cultural relics protection units such as statues, Leishen Cave Cliff Statue, Niuwangdong Cliff Statue, Red Fourth Army General Political Department Site, and Huaguang Tower.
In February 2010, Langzhong City won the title of “China’s Spring Festival Culture Hometown”; in September 2013, the Langzhong Ancient City Tourist Area was approved as a national 5A-level tourist attraction.
Suizhong Shangzhou is a Liangzhou. Spring and Autumn are full of the country. In the latter part of the Warring States period, the Pakistani state destroyed the country and moved from Jiangzhou to Yuzhong.
Qin is located in Yuzhong County and is affiliated to Ba County. Han Hanzhong was governed by the Brazilian county, and Zhang Fei was defended for 7 years.
The Eastern Jin Dynasty is governed by North Brazil. The Western Wei Dynasty is the Longzhou and Panlong County.
The shackles are in the middle of the shackles, and they are the governors of Longzhou. In the three years of great cause, Longzhou was changed to Brazilian county.
Tang is still in the middle of the name and is governed by Longzhou. The Five Dynasties and the Northern Song Dynasty and the Southern Song Dynasty were all in the state.
In the late Ming and early Qing dynasties, Sichuan set up a temporary provincial capital for 17 years. During the Shunzhi period, the Sichuan Provincial Provisional Provincial Association was established in Yuzhong for more than 10 years.
In the first year of the Republic of China (1912), the Sichuan North Xuanwei Agency was established in the middle of the country.
In the second year of the Republic of China (1913), it was changed to the North Sichuan Observatory.
In the third year of the Republic of China (1914), it was changed to the North Sichuan Provincial Department, and soon it was changed to Jialing Road Department and moved to Nanchong.
On December 29, 1949, the Chinese People’s Liberation Army took over.
On January 8, 1950, the People’s Government of Yuzhong County was established.
In August 1993, Yuzhong was listed as a municipality directly under the Central Government and was administered by Nanchong City.
In September 2013, the Langzhong Ancient City Tourist Area was approved as a national 5A-level tourist attraction.
The ancient city of Langzhong is located in the northern part of the Sichuan Basin, in the middle reaches of the Jialing River, east to Yilong and Bazhong, south to the south, west to the Jiange, north to Cangxi, 300 kilometers from the provincial capital Chengdu.
The ancient city of Langzhong is a subtropical humid monsoon climate zone with mild climate, abundant rainfall and moderate illumination. The annual average temperature is 17 °C. The extreme maximum temperature is 39 ° C and the lowest temperature is -4.6 ° C. The perennial frost-free period is 290 days, the average annual sunshine is 1379.8 hours, and the average annual precipitation is 1033.9 mm.
Han Han Hou Temple, commonly known as Zhang Fei Temple, also known as Xiongwei Temple in the Ming Dynasty. Minhou Temple is a four-in-one courtyard-style ancient building complex reconstructed during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. It covers an area of more than 5,000 square meters and is magnificent in scale. It is beautifully constructed. It consists of Shanmen, Enclave, left and right arches, east and west rooms, main hall, apse and tomb pavilion. The composition of the tombs, with a building area of 2,200 square meters, is a great victory for the culture of the Three Kingdoms.
Wulong Temple is located at Wulong Mountain, Baihu Village, Hezhong Township, Yuzhong. It was built in the Tang Dynasty and rebuilt in the Yuan Dynasty (1343). Covering an area of 4 acres, the building area is 100 square meters. The original Shanmen, the theater building, the left and right wing rooms and the Wenchang Pavilion, etc., were destroyed. The Wenchang Pavilion, a cultural relic of the Yuan Dynasty, is now a full-wood structure. Its architectural style is a single-tower mountain roof covered by a cloth tile. There are 3 wide faces, and the side legs of the masts are obvious. The front and lower squats are used to make a double arch of the bucket arches. The first picking of the melons is an airfoil, and the second picking of the arches is a diagonal arch.
Yong’an Temple is located on Huangnigang, surrounded by mountains 5 kilometers northeast of Shuiguan Town, about 40 kilometers away from Yuzhong City. Built in the Tang Dynasty, Song Zhiping years, Yuan to Zhengnian, Ming Jiajing years, repeated training. Covers an area of 4,000 square meters. Covering an area of 10,000 square meters and a building area of 1,700 square meters, it is an ancient building complex composed of the Yuan Dynasty and the Qing Dynasty. It is a heavy-duty mountain-style building. All the buildings, algae ornaments, stone carvings, wood carvings, clay sculptures and paintings in the temple are all excellent, and they form a whole.
North Sichuan Road Gongyuan
The North Sichuan Road Gongyuan is composed of Xuedao Street in the city, reconstruction during the Jiajing Period of the Qing Dynasty, and the original Shanmen, Corridor, Kaofang, Dadian, Erdian, Houmen and Candidates. There are existing roll-up corridors with a length of more than 50 meters. The wooden columns on both sides of the corridors are equipped with flying fairy chairs. There are two rows of examination rooms on the left and right, each room is separated and decorated with carvings. It has been well protected so far and is one of the two remaining examination sheds in the country. The examination shed in the Qing Dynasty is a common name for the Gongyuan of the North Sichuan Road. The imperial examination system is a system of selecting the reserve talents of civil and military officials in the feudal dynasty sub-division examination. In the early years of the Qing Dynasty, Suizhong hosted the Sichuan Provincial Provisional Provincial Association for 17 years, and held four sections of the township test here.
Tengwang Pavilion is located in Yutai Mountain in the north of Yuzhong City. Like the Nanchang Tengwang Pavilion, it is the 22nd Tengwang Yuanying of Tang Gaozu Li Yuan. In 679 AD, Tengwang was transferred from Shouzhou to Longzhou (Zhongzhong). He was suspected of “deserved sorrow” and built “Longyuan” in the city (Xuanzong changed “Yiyuan”) and built Yutai and Tengwang Pavilion in Yutai Mountain. For his amusement, Du Fu has “Two Tengwang Pavilion”. On the base of Tengwang, there is a Tang Dynasty Buddha. The tower is a small long round ball, and a ship is opened in the middle. Top loading Tasha, there are stone carving 8 force to lift the brake body. The body is a hexagonal column, and there is a Buddha on each side.
Jinping Mountain is a national AAAA-level scenic spot. It is located in the southern suburb of the ancient city of Langzhong. Because of the “flowers and trees, the two peaks are like a screen”, people are usually called Jinping Mountain. Wu Daozi used Jinping Mountain as the axis to describe the “Jialing Jiangshan Map” of Sanbaili, and Du Fu’s poem “Zhuzhou City is under the world”. After more than a thousand years of decoration, Jinping is more beautiful and colorful, and is known as the “Yuanyuan Wonderland” and “Jialing First Jiangshan”. It has an altitude of 480 meters and an area of more than 20 square kilometers. It has Zhuangyuan Mountain in the east, Majia Mountain in the west and Niujia Mountain in the north. The mountains form a natural barrier to the ancient city of Langzhong.
Baba Temple is a holy place for Muslims in Islam. It is located in the south of the Longshan Mountain in the northeastern suburb of Langzhong City. Baba Temple, also known as “Jiu Zhaoting”, Baba, is the meaning of the Arabic “ancestor”. During the reign of Emperor Kangxi, the Muslim Huazhe Abdullahi of Mecca, Saudi Arabia, died in the teachings of Islam, and died and buried the temple. It has been more than 300 years old. Baba Temple is composed of Shanmen, Zhaobi, archway, main hall, flower hall, Jingting and garden. It is a rare Islamic building group in China.
Dongshan Garden is located in the Qili Economic Development Zone in the middle of the city, just across the river from the main city of Langzhong. The scenic spot covers an area of more than 200 acres. There is one state-level cultural relics unit (the Great Buddha of the Tang Dynasty) and two provincial cultural relic units (the Northern Song Dynasty Yuanyuan Cave and the Ming Dynasty White Pagoda).
Falling down the former residence
The former residence of the squatting (Constellation Garden) is located in the core protection area of the ancient city of Langzhong City. It is a beaded two-in-one residential courtyard built to commemorate the world’s outstanding ancient astronomical scholars and the Chinese New Year. It faces south and covers an area of about 400 square meters. There are 16 houses, which are wooden structure, carved doors and windows, and blue tile roof. On January 29, 2006 (the first day of the first lunar month of the Lunar New Year), it was officially opened to the public for visitors to visit.
Suizhong Big Buddha Temple
Suizhong Dafo Temple is located in the southeast of Suizhong, on the other side of the Jialing River. It was originally named Daxiang Temple. It was named Yong’an Zen in the Song Dynasty and restored to the old name in the Ming Dynasty. It is commonly known as the Big Buddha Temple. The temple covers an area of 6 hectares and is mainly dominated by the Buddha, the statue of Sakyamuni. According to the inner wall of the cliff (kān), in the Tang Dynasty and the four years (809), “Dongshan Daxiang Jingshe He Ju Shi Ji”, why this Buddha was engraved. It has a history of 1100 years and is one of the top ten sitting Buddhas in Sichuan. In the Ming Dynasty, it was renamed Daxiang Temple, also known as the Big Buddha Temple.
Guanyin Temple was originally built in the early Tang Dynasty in the early Ming Dynasty. It was built in the early days of the Tang Dynasty. It is mainly composed of four parts: Tianwang Hall, Luohan Hall, Daxiong Hall and Songhuajing. According to historical records, it was still the largest temple in the middle of the Yuan Dynasty until the Yuan and Ming Dynasties. Later, as time went by, Kaiyuan Temple was destroyed. In 1496, Shou Wangyi sealed Baoning, built Wangfu in Xicheng, and demolished the Guanyin Temple in the early Ming Dynasty to the former site of Kaiyuan Temple and rebuilt it. Thus, Guanyin Temple replaced Kaiyuan Temple as the largest temple in Brazil.
Laoguan Town is located in the northeast of Langzhong City, 45 kilometers away from downtown Yuzhong, and the Provincial Highway 302 passes through it. It is the central town in the north of the Middle East. The existing construction area of Laoguanchang Town is 5.5 square kilometers, and the resident population is 30,000. In 2012, it was jointly awarded as “the most protected ancient town in Sichuan” by the Provincial Housing and Construction Department and the Cultural Department. Laoguan Town is commonly known as the “Drought Wharf” in the north of Sichuan Province. It is the first town in Gumi Cangdao. It has a long history and profound cultural heritage. The history of the establishment of the system has been more than 1,500 years (including 732 years in Fengguo County), and there are well-preserved 4 hectares of ancient buildings and 48 ancient relics. It is the “Spring Festival Culture and Sichuan North Lights”. Origin.
The total area of the “5A” scenic spot in Langzhong Ancient City is 4.59 square kilometers, and the core area of the ancient city is 2 square kilometers. The architectural style of the ancient city reflects the ancient Chinese concept of living Feng Shui, the chessboard-style ancient city pattern, the architectural complex that integrates the North and South styles, forming a “semi-bead”, “product” type, “multi” type and other different styles. The architectural group is a typical example of the completeness of the ancient Chinese city construction site.
The ancient city of Langzhong stands on the mountainous area of the mountain ring, and its architectural layout is also strictly in accordance with the planning of the Fengshui method. The central city of Zhongshan, surrounded by water, has built a Zhongtian Building, in response to the feng shui “Tian Xin Shi Dao”. The rest of the streets and lanes in the city are centered on the Zhongtian Building, with the main street of the Cross Street, which is unfolded in layers and plays a chess game. The orientation of each street is no matter the east, west, north or south. It is opposite to the distant mountains. There are thousands of residential houses in the ancient city, mainly for the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the single-story wooden hopper structure of the mountain, the row upon row, the blue tile wall, the carved windows and doors. . The courtyard or the south facing south, sitting east to the west, to avoid the cold by the light; or relying on the mountain water, catching the water to meet the mountain, gathering with the wind.
The ancient city of Langzhong is one of the birthplaces of the Chinese nation’s original culture. As early as the Neolithic period, there were human beings. “Road History” Note: “All the countries have the roots of Hua Tuo, Gai is named after Hua Tuoju, which is the land of Lishui (the ancient name of Jialing River).” Hua Tuo is the mother of Fu Xi, the mother of Fu Xi is in the middle of the battle. It is a chain of Fuxi culture with Chengsu in Gansu and Chenzhou in Henan.
Ba people culture
In ancient times, the ancient city of Langzhong was one of the central areas of the activities of the Ba people, forming a rich and colorful Ba culture. Zhou Shenwang five years (316 BC), the last country of the Pakistani state is scheduled to be in the middle of the squad. At the end of the Qin Dynasty, the leader of the Suizhongba people led the seven people to form the Han army forward and helped Liu Bang to “reserve the three Qin.” You can also see the unique legacy of the Ba people from the folk dance art of the “Basic Living Fossils”, the Ba people dance, the Sichuan North Lights, the operas, the oxen and the horses and horses.
Feng Shui culture
Fengshui culture in the ancient city of Langzhong is unique. Suizhong is located in the northern edge of the Sichuan Basin, the middle reaches of the Jialing River. It is formed by the intersection of the Daba Mountain Range, the Jianmen Mountain Range and the Jialing River Water System to form a sturdy and harmonious place. “Three sides of the river hold the city, and the surrounding mountains lock the haze.” The mountain and river situation is unique, and the landscape city is integrated. The location of the city is selected according to the theory of ancient Chinese Feng Shui, which is very consistent with the image of “four geography”, namely “dragon”, “sand”, “hole” and “water”. In the overall tourism plan formulated by the Sichuan Provincial Tourism Administration, it has been listed as “China Feng Shui Cultural Tourism Destination”.
Three Kingdoms Culture
The ancient city of Langzhong is an important part of the cultural tourism line of the Three Kingdoms. At the time of the Three Kingdoms, Zhang Fei, the general of Shuhan, served as the Brazilian prefect, and was stationed in Zhongda for 7 years (214-221 AD). Here he led the 10,000 people and defeated the attack of 30,000 people led by Cao Cao’s general Zhang Wei. The victory of “protecting the country and the people”. On the eve of Zhang Fei’s demolition, he was killed by his subordinates Fan Qiang and Zhang Da, and was buried in the middle of the shack. The later generations built the “桓侯祠”, which is now a state-level cultural relics protection unit. In addition, the three kingdoms of Han Han Mingshi Zhou Qun, Yu Zhou, Cheng Hao, Zhenbei General Huang Quan, Zhennan Grand General Ma Zhong and so on are all in the middle.
Imperial Examination Culture
The cultural heritage of the ancient city of Langzhong is profound. In the Tang Dynasty, Yin Shu and Yin Ji were the champions. In the Song Dynasty, Chen Yu and Chen Yu were the two champions. Built in the Qing Dynasty, the Gongyuan Street is located in Xuedao Street in the ancient city of Langzhong. In the 9th year of Shunzhi (1652), the Sichuan Provincial Government was established in Yuzhong, where the Sichuan Provincial Township Test was held. According to the list of “Bao Ning Fu Zhi” and “Suizhong County”, there were 116 people in the middle of the school, and 404 people were recruited. It was praised as the champion of Sichuan and the hometown of people.
The ancient city of Langzhong is the ancient Chinese astronomical research center. The famous Western astrologer of the Western Han Dynasty is the singer. The “Tai Lu” created by him is the first complete calendar in China. Falling down is one of the founders of Haotian. Hao Tian said that it is the advanced theory of cosmic structure in ancient China. The equatorial celestial celestial he improved has been used in China for two thousand years. At the end of the Eastern Han Dynasty, Zhou Qun, Zhou Shu, Zhou Ju, and the three generations of astronomers were also in the middle of the Han Dynasty; Zhang Dao Ling of the Eastern Han Dynasty observed the sky in the “Yuantai” of “Yuntai Mountain” and “Wencheng Mountain” in the middle of the Han Dynasty, and later “flyed up” here. In the Tang Dynasty, Yuan Tianyi and Li Yufeng, two yin and yang feng shuiologists observed the astronomical phenomena in the middle of the sacred place, and later buried in the Tiangongyuan in the middle of the plaque, leaving many intriguing legends in the local area.
The religious culture of the ancient city of Langzhong has a long history. Since the Han and Tang Dynasties, Taoism, Buddhism, and Islam have been introduced to Suizhong. Later, Christianity and Catholicism have come one after another. The churches built temples and churches here, forming a landscape in the multiculturalism of Suizhong. Islamic Holy Land Mosque, Baba Temple, Catholic Relic Temple, the largest Christian church in the southwest, the Evangelical Church in the Middle, and the Taoist Temple of Yuntai, Lu Zuyu, Baxian Cave, Buddhism’s Big Buddha Temple, Guanyin Temple, Yong’an Temple, and Wu Long Temple, Yuanjue Temple, Qianfo Temple, Changqing Temple, Jingsheng Temple, etc. all have rich cultural connotations.
The folk culture of Langzhong Ancient City is colorful. Exciting money sticks, simple lanterns, Taiping cow lights, styles of paper-cuts, northern Sichuan shadows, known as the drama of the living fossils, deep and beautiful mountain songs, yangko, intriguing Sichuan Opera Singing, swaying teahouse storytelling, etc., constitutes a magnificent corridor of folk culture.
The food culture of Langzhong Ancient City is well known. Long-established Baoning vinegar, white sugar steamed oysters, Baoning pressed wine, pine flower preserved eggs, pickled bean noodles, spindle pot helmets, crispy pot helmets, hot cold noodles (beef cold noodles), beef and sheep noodles, hanging soup noodles, Sichuan North noodles, Hot jelly powder and other food snacks filled with folk customs of the ancient city are enough to make people feel good.
The ancient city of Langzhong was an important part of the Sichuan-Shaanxi Soviet area during the second domestic revolutionary war. From 1933 to 1935, the Red Fourth Army moved to the third place under the command of the older generation of proletarian revolutionaries such as Xu Xiangqian, Li Xiannian, Xu Shiyou and Liao Chengzhi. Years old. More than 19,000 people participated in the Red Army and local armed organizations in the county. When the Red Army evacuated from Sichuan and Shaanxi, more than 11,000 people were recruited with the captain, including more than 500 women. According to statistics, there were more than 7,500 Chinese Red Army soldiers who died in the revolutionary wars, including more than 200 Red Army female soldiers. To this day, there are still many red relics such as the former site of the Yinan County Committee of the Communist Party of China, the Soviet site of Weinan County, the Red Army stone slogan group of Baoning Town, and the Red Army Memorial Hall of Suizhong.
Since the war countries have been in the middle of the war in the country since the war, the emperors have regarded Suizhong as a major town governing the southwest. At the beginning of the Tang Dynasty, Lu Wangling and Tengwang Yuanying successively guarded the middle of the temple. According to the pattern of the palace, the building of the palace and the building of the temple were built, and the architectural style of the city was suddenly graded and scaled.
Since then, the princes and grandsons of the dynasties, during the period of the “Feng Shui Treasures”, have also hired skilled craftsmen, or built the temples to build the government, or choose the best places to repair the temple, gradually forming the unique Tang and Song dynasties. Ming and Qing style. Today, there are 61 ancient streets and alleys, and the ancient courtyards are thousands of, with a total area of 2.1 square kilometers.
The characteristics of the ancient courtyards and the garden buildings in the south of the Yangtze River have formed a series of different styles such as “beaded”, “good”, “multi” and “inverted door”. These buildings have created a rich and ancient city. A cultural atmosphere with a mysterious color.
Ancient window flower
Exquisitely carved and engraved with thousands of carvings, it is one of the main features of the Middle Ages architecture. Most of the houses have grips, slings, hoes, doors and windows, and thresholds. These engraving patterns are simple and workmanship.
In June 2012, Langzhong Ancient City Cultural Tourism Development Co., Ltd. was established.
In August 2012, the ancient city of Langzhong was rated as “the top ten humanities and new scenic spots that are most concerned by netizens”.
On September 10, 2013, the “Beautiful Sichuan·Meeting in the Middle of China” 2013 jointly organized by the National Tourism Administration and the Sichuan Provincial People’s Government opened the Sichuan International Cultural Tourism Festival in Langzhong.
On September 13, 2013, the National Tourism Scenic Spot Rating Committee approved the Middle Ancient City as the national “5A” tourist attraction.
In October 2013, the Sichuan Tourism Standards Evaluation Committee approved Jizhong Ancient City as “the first provincial tourist resort in Sichuan Province”.
In May 2014, Langzhong Ancient City was rated as “Top Ten District, City and County Tourism Destinations in Sichuan” by Sichuan Tourism Bureau.
In November 2014, the ancient city of Langzhong and Pingyao Ancient City, Huizhou Ancient City and Anju Ancient City were concluded as the strategic alliance of China’s four ancient cities in the seminar on the integration of cultural tourism in the four ancient cities of China.
In December 2014, Langzhong Ancient City was named “2014 Most Popular Internet Tourism Scenic Spot”.
In October 2015, the ancient city of Langzhong joined the “One Belt and One Road” tourist scenic spot alliance in China.
In November 2015, Pakistan National Television and Dawn TV jointly filmed a documentary about tourism in the middle of the city.
In December 2015, the ancient city of Langzhong was selected as “the most popular Sichuan tourist route for overseas tourists”.
Langzhong City was approved by the State Council to be the second batch of historical and cultural cities.
Langzhong City was awarded the national ecological demonstration city by the State Council.
The National Tourism Administration awarded Langzhong City “China’s Excellent Tourism City”.
The United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names and the Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People’s Republic of China granted Yuzhong City the title of “World Millennium County”.
The National Tourism Administration issued an announcement through its official website, approving the ancient city of Langzhong as a “national AAAA-level tourist scenic spot”.
The Central Propaganda Department and the China Youth Daily voted and awarded the city of Langzhong as “the most popular tourist destination for Chinese youth”.
The World Self-Service Tourism Association and the International Tourism Promotion Association jointly awarded Langzhong City as “the best international tourist resort”.
The Chinese Folk Literature and Art Association has awarded Yuzhong City the “Hometown of Chinese Spring Festival Culture”, which is the only one in the country.
The National Tourism Administration awarded the Fengshui Cultural Scenic Spot of Tiangongyuan in Langzhong City as “National AAAA-level Tourism Scenic Spot”.
The National Tourism Administration awarded the Jizhong Ancient City Scenic Spot as the “National AAAAA Grade Tourist Scenic Spot”.
Scenic spot tickets
One ticket to adult ticket: 120 yuan / person
One-vote pass half-price ticket: 60 yuan / person (children, elderly, students)
Tiangongyuan Fengshui Cultural Scenic Spot: 40 yuan / person
May 1st – October 7th 8:00 to 18:30
October 8 – May 30 8:00 – 18:00
Valid for three days, each attraction is limited to one play
Tiangongyuan Fengshui Cultural Scenic Area
May 1st – October 7th 8:30 to 18:00
October 8 – May 30 8:00 – 17:30
All over the country, Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport, Langzhong Ancient City
All over the country ➔ Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport Langzhong Ancient City
Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Kunming, Minnan Charge Airport, Zhongzhong Ancient City
Beijing, Hangzhou, Shenzhen, Guangyuan Airport, Langzhong Ancient City