Jokhang Temple

Jokhang Temple

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Geographic location:Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region

Level:AAAAA

Ticket price:85.00 yuan

Opening hours: 09:00~18:00

Jokhang Temple, also known as “Zulakang” and “Jingkang” (Tibetan meaning Buddhist temple), is located in the center of the old city of Lhasa. It is a Tibetan Buddhist monastery built by Songzan Songzan, the Lhasa Therefore, there is a reputation of “Holy Land”, which is related to this Buddha image. The temple was originally called “Jesa”, and later Jaisa became the name of the city and evolved into the current “Lhasa”. After the completion of the Jokhang Temple, the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties were repeatedly revised and expanded to form the current scale.

The Jokhang Temple has a history of more than 1,300 years and has a supreme status in Tibetan Buddhism. The Jokhang Temple is the most splendid Tubo period building in Tibet. It is also the earliest civil structure in Tibet, and it has created a Tibetan-style Pingchuan-style temple city regulation. The circle of the Sakyamuni Buddha Temple in the center of the Jokhang Temple is called the “Capsule”. The outer wall of the Jokhang Temple is called the “Bajia”. The street radiated outside the Jokhang Temple is called “Bachio Street”, that is, Bajiao Street. . Taking the Jokhang Temple as the center, a large circle including the Potala Palace, Yaowang Mountain and Xiaozhao Temple is called “Lin Kuan”. The three rings from the inside to the outside are the routes for the Tibetans to go through the ceremony.

The Jokhang Temple combines the architectural styles of Tibet, Tang, Nepal and India and has become a thousand classical models of Tibetan religious architecture. The incense was lingering all day long in front of the temple, and the believers devoutly bowed to the bluestone floor in front of the door to leave a deep impression of the long head. Wan Wan butter lamps are long, leaving traces of years and pilgrims.

Jokhang Temple

Construction layout

From the Golden Summit of the Jokhang Temple, you can see the Jokhang Temple Square. On the far right is the Potala Palace. The nearby willow tree is the “Princess Willow”. It is said that it was planted by Princess Wencheng. The layout of the Jokhang Temple is different from that of the Buddhist temples of Han Dynasty. The main hall is located on the east side of the west. The main hall is four stories high and has a matching hall on both sides. The layout structure reproduces the ideal mode of the universe in the Mandala Mandala in Buddhism. The temples in the temple mainly include the Sakyamuni Hall, the Tsongkhapa Masters Hall, the Songtsan Gampu Temple, the Bandan Ram Temple (the Gelugpai God of Protection), the Shenmu Hotmjem Temple, and the Tibetan King Hall. and many more. There are various wood carvings and murals in the temple.

Going from the main entrance of the Jokhang Temple is a patio-style courtyard. It is the birthplace of “Gexi” (advanced degree in Tibetan Buddhism, equivalent to a doctor) in Tibetan Buddhism. In 1409, the founder of the Yellow Emperor, Tsongkhapa, founded the Dafa Temple in the Jokhang Temple and established it as the largest legal activity in the Tibetan Buddhism community. Since then, the Yellow Church has gained fame. During the Fa Conference, the monks of the major temples gathered in the courtyard to watch the outstanding monks selected by the temple for a fierce defense. There are several rows of butter lamps on the east side of the courtyard, and the weather is always eternal during the day. It is the responsibility of the people of each family here to add ghee.

The butter lamp is the main entrance of the main hall of the Jokhang Temple. The earliest buildings of the Jokhang Temple start from the main entrance; the outer courtyard was later built and expanded, and the main hall was built more than 1400 years ago. Due to the friction of the believers for many years, the stone floor at the door is as bright as a mirror. There is a huge Buddha statue on the left and right sides of the main hall. On the left is the founder of the Red Church, Tantric Master Liansheng. He was originally a Buddhist scholar in India. He entered Tibet in the 8th century. After he entered Tibet, Tantrics began to appear in Tibetan areas. On the right is the future Buddha.

On the right side of the entrance to the main hall is the mural about the story of the Jokhang Temple. The main content is the early Potala Palace in the 7th century, and the scene of the construction of the Jokhang Temple in the same year. From left to right, the first small hall was rotated clockwise, and there were Tsongkhapa and its eight disciples. These eight disciples have made great contributions to the promotion of the Yellow Church. The first Dalai Lama and the First Panchen Lama are among the eight disciples. The six temples of the Yellow Religion, the Ganden Monastery was built by Tsongkhapa himself, and the Drepung Monastery, the Salad, and the Tashilhunpo Monastery were all built by their disciples.

A white pagoda stands at the corner of the Western Wall and the North Wall. It is said that this White Pagoda was revealed from the Lake of Yaotang before the construction of the Jokhang Temple. The first small hall on the south side sits on the medicinal Buddha of the Eight Great Masters of the Oriental Net Glass World. Close to the small hall, it is the statue of one of the founders of the white church, one of the founders of the white church. The temple has three built-in Buddhas. Turning to the second hall is Guanyin Temple. The way the locals support the Buddha is very religious. In the temple, some local families can often meet the gold powder on the face of Guanyin Bodhisattva. On the right side of the temple are Songzan Gambo and statues of Princess Zun and Wencheng.

In the minds of the Tibetan people, Songtsan Gambo and Princess Wencheng were the Bodhisattvas who became kings and kings later to educate Tibetans. The two public bodies are dignified, in which the front of the high-profile, typical Tang Dynasty woman is Princess Wencheng. At the corner of the south wall and the east wall, there are Zongkhapa and other sects. The first Buddhist temple on the east wall is the infinite Buddha.

Turning over the temple is a mural depicting a celebration of the 7th century Songtsan Gambo and the princess. It is the opening ceremony for the completion of the Jokhang Temple. It is actually a scene of a 7th century traditional sports meeting. Including wrestling, yak dance, mask dance, archery and more. The mountain on the left side of the mural is the Yaowang Mountain, which has a TV tower. The painting above is the original Tibetan Medical College. The white pagoda above is the pagoda on the side of the square in front of the Potala Palace. It was originally the west gate of Lhasa. On the right side of the mural is the Potala Palace, which was originally the only two main buildings, which is the royal palace built by Songtsan Gambo.

There are 380 prayer wheels around the main hall, one next to the other. Pushing the prayer wheel while walking is a must for many devout believers.

From the main entrance into the Jokhang Temple, the clockwise direction enters a wide open-air courtyard. It was once the place where the grand Lhasa prayed for the Dafa “Morrang”. At that time, tens of thousands of monks from the three major temples of Lhasa gathered here to pray for the happiness of all beings and social stability. At the same time, they also held activities such as arguing, exorcising, and welcoming Maitreya. “Morrangqin” began in 1409, and the most masters of the Kabbah commemorate the merits of Sakyamuni’s defeat of the six foreign roads by the method of the change of the gods, and convene the monasteries and sects of the sects during the first month of the Tibetan calendar. It was built in the Jokhang Temple with a blessing of blessings. The colonnade wall around the courtyard and the murals on the porch of the porch are called the Thousand Buddhas Gallery because of the painting of the Buddha statue. The murals of the entire Jokhang Temple have more than 4,400 square meters.

From the courtyard, to the ticket office at the side door, there are stairs to the platform on the second and third floors. The second floor is only open in the morning. The Fawang Hall of Songtsan Gampo is also on the southwest corner of the second floor. It is also an early work of the statues of Tibetan King Songzan Gambo, Princess Wencheng, Nepalese Princess of the Supreme Court, and Minister Lu Dongzan. Between the second and third floors, there is the Pandan Ram Temple, which is the goddess of protection in the Jokhang Temple and the entire city of Lhasa. There is a ladder in the northeast corner of the second floor patio, leading to the third floor of the small gate, which is the entrance to the Golden Summit. The third floor of the main hall is usually not open to the public, and the monks meditate here. The four huge gold tops on the top floor were built in the middle of the 14th and 17th centuries.

Continue to the right, through the two sides of the Yaksha Temple and the Dragon King Hall, hundreds of ignited ghee for the back of the lamp is the famous “Jingkang” Buddhist temple. It is both the main body of the Jokhang Temple and the Buddha of the Jokhang Temple. The Buddhist temple is a closed courtyard, with four floors and a large hall in the center. Tibetan Buddhism believers believe that Lhasa is the center of the world, and the core of the universe lies here. This is the place where the Jokhang Temple monks practiced the law. From the Great Hall of the Tang Dynasty, you can see the beautifully-shaped statues of thousands of eyes and Guanyin. There are two statues on both sides. The left is the lotus and the right is the statue of the strong Buddha. The large halls are surrounded by small Buddhist temples. Except for the Sakyamuni Buddha Hall in the center, the opening rooms are small but simple. The Sakyamuni Buddha Hall is the core of the Jokhang Temple. It is the ultimate yearning for the pilgrims. The statue of Sakyamuni dedicated to this temple is a statue of Buddha brought by Princess Wencheng.

Along the thousands of Buddha corridors around the “Jingkang” Buddhist temple, a circle of “capsules” is perfect. The main prayer activities in Lhasa are centered on the Sakyamuni Buddha in the Jokhang Temple. Except for the “inner circle”, the Jokhang Temple is the “middle circle” or “eight-dimensional”, which is ancient and lively. Commercial Street – Bajiao Street; around the Jokhang Temple, Yaowang Mountain, Potala Palace, Xiaozhao Temple as the “outer circle”, that is, “Lin Kuan”, has been around Lhasa City.

In Lhasa, Tibetans also like to call the area of Bajiao Street, which is dominated by the Jokhang Temple, “Lhasa.” Tibetan means Buddha land. You can also see the worshippers squatting at the entrance of the Jokhang Temple. The scene is touching and you can see the Dazhao. The position of the temple in the eyes of the Lhasa people is high, and more people are turning around the Jokhang Temple every day. Many monks are also posing near the Jokhang Temple to sing the singer to the passing people.

Jokhang Temple

Main building

The Jokhang Temple is 4 stories high. The entire building’s golden dome and arch are typical Han style. The Diaolou and the carved beams are of the Tibetan style. There are 103 woodcarving beasts and human face lions lined up in the second and third floors of the main hall. There are Tibetan murals in the temple that are nearly a thousand meters long. The Jokhang Temple Construction Map.

Jokhang Temple

Maitreya Buddha Hall

The main buddha of the Buddhist temple is a small and exquisite Maitreya Buddha statue. During the past every year when the Dafa Conference was called, this Buddha statue was carried along the Barkhor Street. A Manjushri statue and a Guanyin Bodhisattva are separated from the left and right sides of this statue, and the two Bodhisattva images are next to each other. In addition, the four wrathful gods of the wall are guarding the temple. On the right side of the door is the King of Heaven (one of the four great days), and on the left is the God of Wealth. On the altar is a statue of the lama Jawabum, who built a barrage in Lhasa to protect Lhasa from flooding. If you look closely at the lower left corner of the temple when you enter the door, you will see a small mountain goat. This is the legendary backsucking the holy sheep of the pond lake.

Jokhang Temple

Goddess of Mercy

The main Buddha statue is a small Guanyin Bodhisattva (the first one on the left) riding on a lion instead of the big, infinite Buddha. The other five Bodhisattva images are different incarnations of Guanyin Bodhisattva. The wall between the stairs leading upstairs is a pillar with a hole in the top. Many pilgrims have their ears compact on this side and expect to hear the sound of ducks flapping their wings. According to legend, this duck is stored at the bottom of the pond at the Jokhang Temple.

Jokhang Temple

Grandfather and grandson

The main buddha of the Buddha Temple is the Tibetan King Songtsan Gambo, on the left is the Tibetan King Akamatsu Dezan, and on the right is the Tibetan King Chizu Dezan. These three Tibetan kings were in the heyday of Tubo. Under their strong support, Buddhism was able to pass on to Tubo and develop prosperity here. They are the three kings of law in the history of Tibet. They are traditionally called “the three grandmasters of the grandparents and grandchildren.”

Jokhang Temple

Mother temple

The mother temple, the temple is dedicated to the mother. The statue of the Buddha in the middle of the temple is the statue of the mother. In the glass cabinet behind her is her main incarnation of the “Twenty-one Mother”. There are six Buddha statues on the right side of the Buddhist altar. The first three are a group of Buddha statues called “The Three Masters of the Masters”, namely the Silent Khan, the Lotus Normalist and the French King Akamatsu Dezan. The other three are “three masters and apprentices”, namely Tsongkhapa and his two disciples, Ke Jiejie and Jia Caojie.

Jokhang Temple

Tang Fan League

You can see the full picture of the Jokhang Temple in the small square in front of the Jokhang Temple. The first thing that caught your eye was the two stone monuments enclosed by the wall. A piece in the south is the famous monument of the Tang Dynasty. It is 3.42 meters high, 0.82 meters wide and 0.35 meters thick. Tang Changqing three years (AD 823) was written in Tibetan and Chinese.

In the ninth century, the Tang Dynasty and the Tubo Kingdom reached a reconciliation, in order to “make each other not to enemies, not to carry out military training”, “to order the people of Antai, think as one” and “good forever.” At that time, Zanpu Chi Dezuzan expressed sincerity for the friendship between the two peoples for generations. Standing on the monument in front of the Jokhang Temple, the inscription was simple and unpretentious. The words were now weathered. Most of the inscriptions are still legible. Next to the monument is a willow tree, which is said to have been planted by Princess Wencheng. The locals are called Princess Liu.

The Tang dynasty will also be called the plaque of the commemoration of the commemoration of the commemoration of the emperor of the Tang dynasty, so naturally his children will naturally scream after the Tang emperor.

Jokhang Temple

Tsongkhapa and its eight disciples

This Buddhist temple was built to commemorate the founder of the Gelug Sect. The main lord of the central hall of the Buddhist temple is Tsongkhapa, and the remaining eight are his eight disciples. The two most famous disciples, Ke Jiejie and Jia Caojie, are located on the left and right sides of the Tsongkhapa. When Tsongkhapa became more and more distant to a remote cave, the eight disciples had accompanied him to serve him. When Tsongkhapa was alive, several of his statues were produced by his disciples. It is said that when Tsongkhapa saw this statue, he evaluated this statue as much like himself. Another way of saying this is that this statue of Buddha is made miraculously by the god of protection. Another way of saying this is that the statue was made by a later monarchy. On the left side of Tsongkhapa, there is a row of statues of his Sakya teacher. Under the stairs of this Buddhist temple is a trapdoor leading to the lake below. The Falun Hall of the Lama Temple in Beijing also supports this master.

Jokhang Temple

Shenchang Tower

In the 7th century, Songtsan Gambod threw the ring into the air and used the place where the ring fell to determine the temple site of the Jokhang Temple. The ring fell into the lake, so a fascinating white tower rose from the lake, indicating that a suitable temple site has been found. In the 13th century, Sakya Bandida built a white pagoda in accordance with the illusion of the White Pagoda. Later, the tower was destroyed and the main seat was rebuilt in place of the white pagoda built by Sakya Banda.

Jokhang Temple

Eight Pharmacists Temple

The eight pharmacists who are honored as medicine gods are enshrined in the main shrine. When they are sick or in order to pray for good health, believers believe that worshipping this temple can make them sick and strong.

Jokhang Temple

Infinite Buddha Temple

The entrance to this temple is guarded by two sorrowful gods. On the left is the blue Diamond Buddha, and on the right is the one of the red horse heads of the Ma Tau Ming. In the temple of the Buddha, the two sides of the Buddha are two small anger-protected gods on both sides of the Buddha. The two sides of the wall are provided with four statues of Buddha. This temple is sometimes called the “House of the Barriers.” As the temple is close to the front of the temple, the believers pray here to rule out the obstacles they have to worship Sakyamuni.

Jokhang Temple

Lotus Life Hall

In the corner below the stairs are two lotus statues, and on the right is a statue of the Tibetan king Akasaka. When I left this temple, I saw a picture of Sakyamuni surrounded by an iron fence on the left wall. It is said that this is the place where the Nine Bodhisattvas appeared in the Ming Dynasty.

Jokhang Temple

Pandan Ram Temple

The Pandan Ram Temple is located between the second and third floors. The statue of Bandan Ram on the throne is a blue-black goddess of power, this is the goddess of protection in the Jokhang Temple and the entire city of Lhasa.

Jokhang Temple

Jokhang Temple Golden Summit

At the ground floor ticket office, there are stairs that lead directly to the second and third floor platforms. On the platform: the building of the Potala Palace shines in the dazzling sunlight. Looking down, you can see the crowds of the Jokhang Temple Square, and you can see the Barkhor Street full of Tibetan life. There is also a teahouse in the summer, where you can rest.

Jokhang Temple

Historical evolution

Construction and expansion

The Jokhang Temple was built in the heyday of the Tubo Kingdom in the 7th century. The purpose of the construction was based on the legend to worship a Buddha statue. The Jokhang Temple has been built for more than three years. Because the Tibetan language is called “goat” as “probation” and “earth” is “sa”, in order to commemorate the achievements of the white goat, the temple was originally called “Jesa” and later renamed “Zulakang” (Jingtang), also known as “Jingkang” (folk hall), is called “Ya Sao Xi Xi Bao Zu Zakang”, which means that it was built by goats. The name “Dazhao” is said to be related to the “Feng Zhao Da Fa” which began in the 15th century.

The Jokhang Temple is the building of the Tubo period in Tibet. It is also the earliest civil structure in Tibet, and it has created a Tibetan-style temple style. After several renovations and extensions, the company has formed a scale of more than 25,100 square meters. It is worth mentioning that the statue of the 12-year-old Sakyamuni, which Princess Wencheng brought from the Tang Dynasty, was enshrined in the Jokhang Temple.

Regarding the Buddha statues in the Jokhang Temple, there is a legend that the Princess of Jincheng exchanged Buddha statues, but this is a story that was misinterpreted after the records of some Tubo books in the Tubo materials.

According to the records of those Tubo books, Princess Wencheng will feel the image of the Buddha in order to reinforce the “gate of the evil road” (that is, the figure of 12-year-old Buddha, the 12-year-old statue of Sakyamuni, and the statue of Asuka ) Stay in the wood (hot die cut, provoke the cut), and then build the Xiaozhao Temple in the winding wood (the hot die cut temple, provoke the temple). “There are still doors to the evil roads. There are dragon god palaces around the woods. When you feel that the A statues live here, you can stagnate”. “Wencheng is good at the feng shui feng shui, and examines the Tibetan land shape. If the girl knows how to feel the Afo statue for the top of the dragon palace, it can be suppressed. The place is where the Buddha statue is temporarily placed, and the four pillars are erected in the four corners…the Buddha is raised.” Princess Wencheng is also from the mainland. Inviting skilled craftsmen to build a hot die-cut temple.

In order to prevent the Tang army from taking the Axiah statue (that is, the 12-year-old figure of Sakyamuni). He hid it in the Jokhang Temple, sealed it with mud, and painted Wenshu. “Then he rumored that the Tang army had entered Tibet, and he was eager to see the statue of Axiah welcoming to the Temple of God, hiding it in the South Mirror Gate, and sealing the door with mud. Don’t paint a literary essay like to hide it. “No children, Tang Junguozhi, arson burning the Potala Palace, failed to greet the Buddha statue, but will not move the Buddha image to the semi-schedule.” To the Tubo, the 12-year-old Shakyamuni Buddha statue was placed at the South Mirror Gate of the Jokhang Temple. The door was painted with plaster and painted Buddha statues of Manjushri.”

In order to prevent the Tang army from taking away the Buddha statue, he hid the statue of Assyrian (that is, Shakyamuni’s 12-year-old statue), but did not hide the immortal image (that is, Sakyamuni’s eight-year-old figure), leading to Tang Jun. “It will not move the Buddha image to the semi-scheduled place”… From this point of view, the Tubo people pay more attention to the statue of the Buddha, which is taken by Princess Wencheng (that is, the 12-year-old figure of Sakyamuni). Later, Princess Jincheng found a 12-year-old figure of the Buddha of Sakyamuni in the Jokhang Temple, which was enshrined in the Jingxiang Room (part of the Jokhang Temple)… “To the temple of God, the image of Fang Zhijue is hidden in The South Mirror Gate opened the door and reflected the image of the Aya. It was placed in the center of the fragrant room of the temple…”

According to this record, Princess Wencheng will feel the image of the Buddha (that is, the 12-year-old figure of the Buddha of Sakyamuni, the figure of Sakyamuni, 12 years old, etc., and the statue of Assyca), which will be built around the wood and then built around the wood. In the Jokhang Temple, in order to prevent the Abu statue from being taken away, the Tubo people transferred and hid the Buddha statue to the Jokhang Temple. Later, the Princess of Jincheng took out the Buddha statue and worshipped it at the Jokhang Temple. There is no Jincheng princess who will transfer the Afo statue to the Jokhang Temple, and no Princess Jincheng will move the Jin Gang image (that is, the figure of Sakyamuni at the age of eight) to the Jokhang Temple. Instead, the Tubo people will transfer the Afo image to the Dazhao. In the temple, the Tubo people hid it in order to prevent the Abu statue from being taken away, but did not hide the immovable Buddha image, causing others to “send the Buddha image to the semi-schedule.” Others almost took away the Buddha image. It can be seen that the Tubo people pay more attention to the statue of A Buddha brought by Princess Wencheng.

Even if the fact that the Buddha statue was exchanged at the time was true, it was not the Princess of Jincheng. The transfer of the Buddha statue (that is, the 12-year-old figure of Sakyamuni) to the Jokhang Temple is not the case of Princess Jincheng even if it exists. The transfer of the immortal King Kong image (that is, the figure of Sakyamuni at the age of eight) to the Jokhang Temple is not the case of Princess Jincheng even if it exists. (The history of the column even records that Princess Wencheng has made the Tubo people hide the figure of Sakyamuni at the age of twelve (that is, the statue of the Buddha) in the Jokhang Temple and draw the portrait of the Buddha above to prevent the Han people from taking the Buddha statue… )

Finally, I will discuss whether there is a change in the Buddha image (the figure of Sakyamuni, such as 12 years old, and the figure of eight years old). In fact, the exchange of Buddha images stems from the chapters in the Tubo book that have too many fantastic and absurd plots. According to the records in those chapters, the transfer of Buddha images occurred in the middle and late 7th century, in order to prevent the Tang army from taking away the Buddha statue. However, according to other historical records of less ridiculous and ridiculous plots, in the middle and late 7th century, the war between Tang Jun and the Tubo army occurred mostly in Wuhai, Qinghai Lake and the Western Region. It was not close to Lhasa. It was not serious enough to hide the Buddha statue and exchange Buddha statues. To prevent the extent of being taken away by the Tang army. Moreover, the exchange of Buddha images stems from the chapters in the Tubo book that have too many fantastic and absurd plots. There are many fictional and wrong contents recorded together with the exchange of Buddha images. In fact, there was no such thing as a transfer of Buddha images. In addition, it is recorded in the history of the Princess of Jincheng that there was no such thing as the Princess of Asuka (that is, the 12-year-old figure of Sakyamuni) brought to the Jokhang Temple. Later, as described in Cambridge History of Sui and Tang Dynasties: Tubo “It seems that it may still be part of the Chinese cultural circle during the period from 650 to 750… but this hope is short-lived. In the 8th century, Tubo was Culturally unified by a local culture…” Later Han Chinese had a weak influence on Tubo, and no one would transfer the Buddha statue brought by the Han to the Jokhang Temple. The reason why Sakyamuni’s 12-year-old figure is in the Jokhang Temple can only be that it was placed in the Jokhang Temple after it was taken to Tubo.

In summary, it is fictitious to exchange the statue of Agajah (that is, the 12-year-old figure of Sakyamuni) brought to the Jokhang Temple by Princess Wencheng. The statue of Axiah (that is, the 12-year-old figure of Sakyamuni) was brought to Tubo by Princess Wencheng and placed in the Jokhang Temple.

The Jokhang Temple was built with goats and earth, so the original Buddhist temple was once named “Yangtu Shenchang Temple”. In 1409, the founder of the Gelug Sect, Tsongkhapa, praised the merits of Sakyamuni, summoned the various factions of Tibetan Buddhism, and held the Dafa Temple in the temple. The temple was renamed the Jokhang Temple. There are also views that the Jokhang Temple was renamed as early as the 9th century. During the Qing Dynasty, the Jokhang Temple was once known as the “Ikezhao Temple.”

Jokhang Temple suffered two disasters in its history. In the late 7th century, the first ban on Buddha initiated by the aristocratic ministers who believed in the original religion, and the second ban on Buddha initiated by Rondama in the middle of the 9th century, made the Jokhang Temple a slaughterhouse. Or was closed, and Sakyamuni was buried underground twice.

Jokhang Temple is not only a temple dedicated to worshipping many Buddhas and sacred objects to worship believers. It is also the ideal model of Buddhism in the universe – the three-dimensional and true reproduction of Tanjong (Datura). In front of the entrance to the main entrance of the Jokhang Temple, there are three stone pillars. On a stone pillar, the two books of Han and Tibetan are engraved with the Tang and Fan Association books signed in 823 AD.

Most of the temples in Tibet belong to a certain Tibetan Buddhist sect, while the Jokhang Temple is a sacred temple shared by all sects. After the integration of Tibetan politics and religion, the government agency of “Xiaxia” was also located in the Jokhang Temple. The “golden bottle signing” ceremony of the reincarnation of the living Buddha has always been carried out at the Jokhang Temple. In 1995, the golden bottle signing ceremony for the reincarnation of the 11th Panchen Lama was also held here.

Jokhang Temple

Maintenance protection

In 1961, it was announced by the State Council as the first batch of national key cultural relics protection units; in November 2000, UNESCO listed the Jokhang Temple as an extension project of the Potala Palace on the World Heritage List and became a world cultural heritage. (Loblinka was also included in 2001). “To go to Lhasa and not to Jokhang Temple is equivalent to not going to Lhasa”, is the words of the famous Lama Nima Tsering of the Jokhang Temple.

On August 3, 2009, the cultural relics protection and maintenance project of the Jokhang Temple was started, with a project fund of 18.17 million yuan. The project repaired and protected the main hall of the Kangkang, the Sakyamuni Hall, the Thousand Buddhas Gallery, the Inner Turning Gallery and the ancillary buildings, including the dialing and replacement of the main hall and the Qianlang Gallery front and the north corridor wood components. , deformation, fracture of the wooden components; replacement of the wooden components of the insects in the ancillary buildings; anti-corrosion and anti-mite treatment of the newly replaced wooden components; re-construction of the roof and roof parts, provocation and partial replacement. Engineered wood components, auntite and painted are repaired according to traditional methods to maintain the original visual appearance.

The Jokhang Temple Cultural Relics Protection Project is one of the 22 projects in the 11th Five-Year Plan of the Tibet Autonomous Region. The Cultural Relics Bureau of the Tibet Autonomous Region and the Lhasa Cultural Relics Bureau commissioned the China Cultural Heritage Research Institute to prepare a cultural relic protection and maintenance project. After the completion of the project, the dangers of the cultural relics of the Jokhang Temple were basically ruled out, and the building and cultural relics of the Jokhang Temple were effectively protected.

The maintenance work complies with the principle of “do not change the original state of the cultural relics”. During the construction period, professional technical and safety supervisors will inspect and guide the whole process of project quality and safety measures, solve technical difficulties in the project in time, find and eliminate engineering safety hazards, and ensure the quality and safety of the project. The China Cultural Heritage Research Institute has also sent experts to Tibet to help solve technical problems in construction.

On October 29, 2010, the protection and maintenance passed the preliminary acceptance. On June 8, 2011, the project was completed and a grand completion ceremony was held in the temple.

Since 2009, the National Cultural Relics Bureau of China has commissioned the China Cultural Heritage Research Institute to investigate the murals of the Jokhang Temple. Through investigation, the details of the damage of each mural in the indoor and outdoor of Jokhang Temple were mastered in detail, and a targeted restoration plan was formulated. The experts of the China Cultural Heritage Institute will work with a number of skilled craftsmen who have the experience of mural protection and restoration in Tibet to complete the maintenance work. Maintenance in line with the principle of “do not change the original state of cultural relics”, using traditional techniques and pigments to ensure that the wall remains unchanged for thousands of years. Maintenance will basically eliminate all kinds of dangers of the Jokhang Temple murals.

The total investment of mural maintenance project is more than 10 million yuan. It is expected to last for more than 3 years and officially launched in June 2012. This is the first large-scale repair of all murals inside and outside the Jokhang Temple, with a maintenance area of more than 4,000 square meters.

The “cyst” is pre-warned by the murals on the inside and outside of the road. The two-walled paintings of the “Capsule” have a long history and rich content. They are mostly drawn in the Ming Dynasty and have a high historical and cultural value. Due to the age, the murals have been eroded for a long time and the wind, rain, snow and other erosions have occurred, such as surface peeling, cracks, hollow drums, water seepage and other damage. In addition, because there are often people on both sides of the “capsule” to add light oil, after a long period of smoke, the surface of the mural has a thick layer of fouling, and some of the murals are heavily stained. When repairing, cover the mural with cloth to protect it from dust, moisture and oxidation.

Jokhang Temple

Collected cultural relics

Sculpture

The Jokhang Temple has the door frame of the 7th century AD and the carvings on it. In addition, in front of the Sakyamuni Temple, there are also the same 7th century wooden pillars here, a total of eight. The Jokhang Temple was just listed as a World Cultural Heritage in 2000. Among the many conditions, the most important ones are these wood carvings, because they are not visible in any other temple in Tibet, only in the Jokhang Temple. These woodcarvings have been as hard as iron in 1400 years, knocking, and making metal sounds.

Jokhang Temple

Buddha statue

There is a strong Buddha in Lhasa, which is very famous in Lhasa. It is said that it has the prestige of Tibet. Every year before the end of the Tibetan New Year, it is necessary to take it out around the Jokhang Temple for a week.

Jokhang Temple

Sakyamuni’s 12-year-old statue

This image was shaped by Sakyamuni himself when he was alive. After being molded, those disciples were fortunate enough to ask Buddha Shakyamuni to open his own Buddha statue. The preciousness of the statue is not only because of its historical value and cultural value, but also the most important thing is that there is no difference between the Buddha statue and the Buddha who saw it 2,500 years ago.

There are only three Buddha statues in Sakyamuni in the world. The founder of Buddhism, Shakyamuni, opposed the idolatry when he was alive, and did not set up a temple for the image. At the end of his life, Sakyamuni only agreed to use his own three different ages to form a statue and personally draw for the statue. Among the three Buddha statues, the bronze statue of Sakyamuni as the prince at the age of 12 is the most exquisite and distinguished. After the Buddha image flowed from ancient India to China, it was brought to Tibet by Princess Wencheng of the Tang Dynasty. The 12-year-old figure of Sakyamuni was enshrined in the Jokhang Temple.

Jokhang Temple

Cyst

Along the thousands of Buddha corridors around the “Jingkang” Buddhist temple, a circle of “capsules” is perfect. This is the “inner circle” in the three meridians of Lhasa, the middle and the outer. The main prayer activities in Lhasa are centered on the Sakyamuni Buddha in the Jokhang Temple. Except for the “inner circle”, the Jokhang Temple is the “middle circle” or “eight-dimensional”, which is ancient and lively. Commercial Street – Barkhor Street; around the Jokhang Temple, Yaowang Mountain, Potala Palace, Xiaozhao Temple as the “outer circle”, that is, “Lin Kuan”, has been around Lhasa City.

Jokhang Temple

Receive honor

In November 2017, the company won the honor of “2017 Second Boao International Tourism Communication Forum 2017 Travel Destination”.

Jokhang Temple

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