Geographic location:Xuancheng City, Anhui Province
Famous scenery:Hu’s Ancestral Hall, Yu Shi Shang Shu Fang, Xuan Paper Workshop, Longchuan Water Street
Best play season:April-October
The Jixi Longchuan Scenic Spot in Xuancheng City, Anhui Province is a national AAAAA-level tourist scenic spot officially approved by the National Tourism Administration. It is located in Longchuan Village, Jixi County, southern Anhui Province. It is an ancient village with a thousand-year history of Hu family.
The combination of human landscape and natural landscape in Longchuan Tourism Scenic Area, Hu’s Ancestral Hall is the first in the south of the Yangtze River. It is known as the “Wood Sculpture Art Museum” and the “National Art Hall”. The 奕世尚书坊 is the authentic stone carving archway of the Ming Dynasty. The most beautiful stone carvings of Huizhou.
In 1988, it was awarded the National Key Cultural Relics Protection Unit; in 1986, it was awarded the Anhui Provincial Key Cultural Relics Protection Unit. In March 2017, it was rated as a national scenic spot.
Longchuan Village is located 11 kilometers east of Jixi County, Xuancheng City, Anhui Province. It is a combination of three villages, namely, Hang Hangkou, Yuli and Yokogawa. The village is a typical mountain village with “eight points of mountains and waters, one road and one manor”.
Longchuan is located in a small basin surrounded by mountains. The topography is dominated by low-lying mountains and hills. It is surrounded by mountains and the highest peak of Longxu Mountain is 1048 meters above sea level. The village is shaped like a boat on the beach. It is called the Longxu Mountain in the east, the Dengyuan River in the south, the Longchuan East in the south, the Fengguan Xiufeng in the west, and the mountains in the north.
The Jixi Longchuan scenic spot in Xuancheng City, Anhui Province is a subtropical humid monsoon climate with an annual average temperature of 15.9 °C. The spring and autumn are mild and humid. The average summer temperature is over 22 °C, and the rain and heat are synchronous. The average winter temperature is less than 10 °C. The four seasons are distinct, and the best time to travel is spring and autumn.
Longchuan, China, beautiful scenery, outstanding people. The east is called Longxu Mountain, the west is Shishi Mountain, the Tianma Mountain is south, the Dengyuan River is coming, the Longchuan River is winding around the village, and it flows into the Dengyuan River to form the village water outlet. The village is like a boat, like a dragon boat going out to sea. . On both sides of the water street in the scenic area, the ancient dwellings are row upon row, the villages and lanes are secluded, the powder walls are covered with tiles, the horses are high, and the ancient villages of Huizhou are meaningful. The national key cultural relics unit Hu’s Ancestral Hall, Yushi Shangshufang and Huishang Hu Bingheng House are the best in the Huizhou three-carving boutique. Hu’s Ancestral Hall is well-known as “Wood Art Palace” and “Jiangnan First Ancient Temple”. The wood carving “Sihetu” (Harmony, Heshun, Hemei, Heming) preserved in it has become a symbol of a harmonious society; The stone archway of the period became a typical representative of Huizhou stone carvings; Huishang Hu Bingheng House (not open) preserved the old appearance of Huizhou ancient dwellings and faithfully recorded the history of a generation of tea merchants.
The Anti-Defamation Memorial Hall (namely Shaofu House) truly recorded the anti-defense merits of the Ming Dynasty’s anti-defense commander Hu Zongxian, who first marked the Diaoyu Islands on the Chinese coastal defense map. The “Longchuan Chengxintang Paper Square”, which is the “Chengxintang Paper” that is the intangible cultural heritage, is the “Longchuan Chengxintang Paper Square”. Xiangxian Yin concentrated on the outstanding humanities of the “Jinshi Village” Longchuan since the Jin Dynasty. The Huishang Memorial Hall, located next to Huishang Hubingheng House, condenses the history of Huizhou merchants in Jixi County, especially the history of Longchuan Hu’s Huizhou merchants.
History and culture
Longchuan Village is an ancient village with a history of more than 1,600 years. It was originally a barren beach with yellow wattle, which was called Jinglinli because it was rich in gold. In 318 AD, Hu Wei led the soldiers to guard Zhangzhou. Xiankang three years (AD 337), Hu Yuyou Huayang Town to this point, see the topography of the East Longfeng, Xiqiao cockscomb, the South is the horses galloping up, the North is Changxi (Dengyuan River) came, envy When the mountains and rivers are beautiful, they will go to the Jinglin of the mouth of Longchuan, where they live together. (“Longchuan Hu’s Genealogy”). Hu Wei became the first ancestor of Longchuan Hu.
In the second year of Tang Yongtai (AD 766), it was analyzed that Huayang Town, Jixian County was located in Jixi County, and Longchuan belonged to it. In the past dynasties, the affiliation relationship between Huizhou Prefecture and Jixi County has often changed, and Longchuan belongs to it.
The Ming Dynasty was the heyday of the development of Longchuan Village. The village has a large population and developed economy. It attaches great importance to the imperial examinations and has become a famous “Jinshi Village”. It has had more than ten scholars, the most famous of which is Ming Chenghua fourteen years (AD) In 1478, Hu Fu, a master of the Wuxu Branch, a prince of the prince, and a book of the ruling of the Nanjing dynasty, and Hu Zongxian, who was in the 17th year of Ming Jiajing (AD 1538), went to the prince Taibao Taibao Military Department. . The village buildings in the heyday of the Ming Dynasty have basically covered the entire scope of Longchuan “boat-shaped village”.
Since the Qing Dynasty, Longchuan has gradually declined, and the villagers’ careers are no longer as prominent as the Ming Dynasty. The population is slowly decreasing, many buildings are gradually collapsed, and the village building coverage is gradually reduced from the entire boat-shaped village to the northern part of the Longchuan River.
In the new century, according to the documents and regulations of the national and provincial government on the protection of historical and cultural cities, the Jixi County People’s Government has formulated a “protection plan” for Longchuan Water Street on Longchuan Village, which will protect the historical protection and social and economic development of Shuijie and Gucun. The construction of village infrastructure and the improvement of residents’ living conditions will be combined to adapt to the development of a well-off society and tourism.
Located in Dakengkou Village, Jixi County. Built in Ming Jiajing forty-one years (1562). The main structure consists of 4 columns, 4 fixed plate rafts and 7 front rafts, 10 meters high and 9 meters wide. It is made of granite and tea garden stone. The overall structure of the archway adopts the side-foot approach, which converges inward, and the four pillars erase the edges and corners; the north and south directions of the pillars are protected by the drums; the top of the square is the mountain type, which is cut with teastone stone slabs. The arch is supported and provocative. At the two ends of each ridge, the squid is facing the scorpion, and the middle part of the ridge is placed in the middle of the flame, and the eight horns are soaring. In the middle of the main building, the vertical “Enrong” is installed, and the surrounding area is covered with embossed double dragons. On the north and south sides of the flower board, the two books, “Yu Shi Shang Shu” and “Yu Shi Gong Bao”, are the handwritten books for calligraphy.
Hu’s Ancestral Hall
Longchuan Hu’s Ancestral Hall is located in Hangkou (Longchuan) Village, Weizhou Town, Jixi County. Jixi is a Huizhou city with a prosperous style and a wide range of buildings. Longchuan Hu’s Ancestral Hall was built in the 25th year of Jiajing in the Ming Dynasty (1547), and was rebuilt in the 4th year of Qing Guangxu (1878). Zongtang is heading north to the south, and has three entrances and exits. It covers a total area of 1,729 square meters and is flying with mountains and water. The interior decoration is exquisite, especially the well-preserved wood carvings are the most famous, and it is called “the treasure house of Huizhou wood carving art”. In the Ming Dynasty, Longchuan had two books and six books, and was also the hometown of Hu Jintao. In 1988, he was listed as a national key cultural relics protection unit. The experts praised it as a must in China. For the Ming Dynasty, Hu Shu, Shang Shu Hu Zong, the military department of Shangshu Hu Zongxian, and the Qing Dynasty red-top businessman Hu Guangtao’s clan.
Hu Zongxian Shaofu
Hu Zongxian Shaobaofu displayed his life story to the tourists in a new form of the Memorial Hall. It is divided into four exhibition halls: the first exhibition hall is the life of Hu Zongxian; the second exhibition hall is raging and endangered; the third exhibition hall is wisdom and courage. Southeast; the fourth exhibition hall is buried in prison for the sword, the soul around the clouds. The exhibition hall highlights the role of pictures and multimedia with the creation of innovative forms and atmospheres; the application of modern sound, light and electric high-tech technology highlights the heroic performance of Hu Zongxian’s resistance to peace and tranquility. Hu Zongxian Shaobao will officially open to the public in March 2010.
Xiangxian refers to a noble person in a place. In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, where the quality of school and political achievements were promoted by the localities, the local bureaucrats later applied for the signing of the county to the county, and sacrificed in the spring and autumn. According to the “Jiaqing Jixi County” (1810 edition), Jixian County’s Xiangxian County has a total of 15 townships, including 3 in Longchuan. Longchuan has the old “Sijingtang”, a sacred place for the ancestors of the ancestors of the ancestors, and the famous names of the ancestors of the Longchuan dynasty, who benefited from the village, and the eight figures of the life of the eight people, as the native land of Longchuan. Education base.
Rice paper workshop
Among the Longchuan “Dragons Ten Scenes”, there is a scene name “Dragon Grass Chengxin”. The so-called “Dragon Grass Chengxin”, Longcao refers to the dragon’s mustard, Longxue Mountain is full of dragon’s mustard, this grass is like a dragon’s whisker, slender and flexible, very flexible, pulling constantly. Shorter than the foot, the elderly is more than one meter. It is an excellent raw material for papermaking. Longxu Mountain is named after the abundance of A. chinensis. It is the main raw material for making Chengxintang paper. “Chengxin” is the Chengxin Hall for storing Longshou Paper. Longchuan Scenic Area successfully explored and displayed this intangible cultural heritage, restored the Chengxintang ancient papermaking process site, and regarded “Dragon Grass Chengxin” as an ancient tourism project. Chengxintang Paper Experience Workshop was oriented in May 2011. Tourists are open.
Longchuan Water Street
Longchuan Shuijie, located in Longchuan Village, Weizhou Township, Jixi County, is a historical tourist and cultural village in Anhui Province. It has a long history and is well preserved. It is an important tourist area in the eastern route of Jixi County. There are many cultural relics and historical buildings on both sides of the water street and along the street. It has extremely rich local characteristics and high cultural value.
Longchuan Water Street is about 500 meters long. The water from the water street is from the Shijin Mountain. The south flows through the Lingli to the Ling, and turns to the east. It enters the village in the Fengshan Mountain of Longchuan Village, and passes through the village to the Dengyuan River. The riverbed ratio is reduced to 500:1, so the running water is dry during the dry season, and the river runs through the flood season, washing all the muddy water in the village. The river bank is made of bluestone and granite. The river bank is steep and there is a stone stepping down the river bank to facilitate the residents to wash the water. There is also a river below, which is shaped like a small pier. It is built with bluestone and granite and was built in the early Qing Dynasty.
The whole ancestral hall is divided into three two-in-one, and the head can be seen hanging a plaque on the top of the “Awareness Mahayana”, that is, “sense of Mahayana Buddhism.” The main hall is dedicated to Guanyin Bodhisattva. The sacred temple is dedicated to Sakyamuni Buddha, that is, Buddha.
Development and construction
On April 8, 2012, the “China Historical and Cultural Street”, which was approved by the Ministry of Culture and the State Administration of Cultural Heritage, was announced. Longchuan Water Street was listed among them.
In October 2012, the Jixi Longchuan Scenic Spot in Anhui Province was ranked as a national 5A tourist attraction by the National Tourism Administration.
On the morning of November 12th, 2012, the unveiling ceremony of the 5th-level scenic spot of the Jixi Longchuan Scenic Spot in Anhui Province was held in the Longchuan Reception Center Plaza. The Longchuan 5A-level scenic spot was successfully created.
In November 2013, Longchuan Village, Weizhou Town, Jixi County was selected as “National Beautiful Livable Town Village”.
On December 22, 2014, the overall maintenance project of Jixi Longchuan Hu’s Ancestral Hall was officially unveiled after the full demonstration and detailed project approval, and entered the project implementation stage.
In March 2017, Jixi Longchuan Scenic Spot was awarded the National Scenic Area.
Longchuan Hu’s Ancestral Hall is located in Hangkou (Longchuan) Village, Weizhou Town, Jixi County. Jixi is a Huizhou city with a prosperous style and a wide range of buildings. Longchuan Hu’s Ancestral Hall was built in the 25th year of Jiajing in the Ming Dynasty (1547), and was rebuilt in the 4th year of Qing Guangxu (1878). Zongtang is heading north to the south, and has three entrances and exits. It covers a total area of 1,729 square meters and is flying with mountains and water. The interior decoration is exquisite, especially the well-preserved wood carvings are the most famous, and it is called “the treasure house of Huizhou wood carving art”. In the Ming Dynasty, Longchuan had two books and six books, and was also the hometown of Hu Jintao. In 1988, he was listed as a national key cultural relics protection unit. The experts praised it as a must in China. For the Ming Dynasty, Hu Shu, Shang Shu Hu Zong, the military department of Shangshu Hu Zongxian, and the Qing Dynasty red-top businessman Hu Guangtao’s clan. In addition, there are 49 cultural relics and historical buildings in Longchuan Shuijie and its vicinity, namely, the Shushi Shangshufang, the former residence of Hu Bingheng, Jinshi Lane, Lingshan Temple, Fangshi Ancestral Hall, Shangshufu Square, and Longfeng Temple. Jinshi Lane Gujing, Tangwu Site, Racecourse Site, Guguan Road, Shuiyu Site, Ding’s Tomb, Hufu Tomb, Hu Zongxian Tomb, Hu Bingheng Tomb, Yuli Shuixiang, Yuli Sanyanjing, etc.
Cultural relics protection
The cultural relics protection of Jixi Longchuan is relatively intact. For example, the water street in Longchuan Village can be kept intact for hundreds of years. This is inseparable from the establishment of corresponding water street protection measures in the village since the Ming Dynasty.
After the reform and opening up, especially for more than ten years since 1997, the enthusiasm and initiative of the residents of Longchuan Shuijie Street to participate in the protection and renovation of the water street have been greatly improved. After the liberation, especially during the turbulent period of the “Cultural Revolution”, the style of the water street was greatly damaged. The ancient houses and ancient arches along the banks of the Longchuan River were demolished to varying degrees. After 1997, the water street was restored and rehabilitated in strict accordance with the principle of “repairing the old as the old”.
The provincial-level historical key protection unit of Anhui Province, which is standing in the middle of the water street, is the relic of the Ming Dynasty, and its glory is still alive. However, due to hundreds of years of historical erosion, especially during the turmoil of the Cultural Revolution, the archway has begun to tilt.
In order to protect the most exquisite stone carving archway in this ancient Huizhou, Longyou villager Hu Youming and other households took the initiative to cooperate with the demolition of the houses built in the original archway, so that the protection measures of the archway were smoothly implemented and the venue was given for the archway. It has restored the majestic appearance of the Shushi Shangshu archway and became the most beautiful landscape on Longchuan Water Street.
In order to restore and renovate Shaofufu (Hu Zongxian Shaofufu) and build the Hu Zongxian Anti-Defamation Memorial Hall, Hu Yizhen, Party Secretary of Longchuan Village Committee, vacated his house and gave the “Hu Zongxian Anti-Defamation Memorial Hall” a square garden. He said: My ancestors, in order to fight against sorrow, do not hesitate to live their lives, as descendants of future generations, can contribute to the ancestral memorial hall, it is also appropriate. His house, facing the street, is a very good commercial store. More than 100 square meters of space has been vacated for use as a memorial hall for Hu Zongxian, which makes the Shaofu government integrate with it. The whole village and the relevant departments have made every effort to protect the historical relics and buildings around them, forming a good atmosphere for the protection of cultural relics, and have achieved fruitful results.
Jixi is located at the foot of Huangshan Mountain and has convenient transportation. It is only 25 kilometers away from the exit of Huihang Expressway, only 35 kilometers away from the exit of Hefei-Huanghuang Expressway and only 57 kilometers away from Huangshan Airport. Jixi Railway Station is a national secondary station with direct access to major cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Hangzhou, Fuzhou, Kunming, Xiamen, Nanchang, Yingtan, Qingdao, Nanjing and Hefei.
Longchuan Scenic Area is only 11 kilometers away from Jixi County. There is a bus directly to Longchuan Scenic Spot in the county bus station. Every 20 minutes, the fare is 2 yuan.
Ticket purchase method: ticket gate at the scenic gate or official website booking
Ticket vouchers: After the order is submitted successfully, the ID number is used as the ticket vouchers, and no fee is charged.
Payment method: After submitting the order, you do not need to pay in advance online, and go directly to the ticket sales window designated by the scenic spot to purchase the ticket according to the website price of 60 yuan.
Opening time: 7:30 – 17:30
Children under 1.1 meters in height are exempt from the ticket. Children’s tickets are purchased between 1.1 and 1.5 meters.
Voucher to buy old people tickets, military tickets.