Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve

Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve

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Geographic location:Within the territory of Yuzha Town, Jiuzhaigou County

Level:AAAAA

Famous scenery:Cuihu, Dian Waterfall, Cailin, Xuefeng, Tibetan Love, Blue Ice

Play season:Best in late autumn

Jiuzhaigou: World Natural Heritage, National Key Scenic Spot, National AAAAA Grade Scenic Spot, National Nature Reserve, National Geological Park, World Biosphere Reserve Network, is China’s first nature reserve with the main purpose of protecting natural scenery.

Jiuzhaigou is located in Jiuzhaigou County, Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province. It is located in the transitional zone between the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, the western Sichuan Plateau and the mountainous area to the Sichuan Basin. It is more than 300 kilometers away from Chengdu in the south. It is a valley valley with a depth of more than 50 kilometers and a total area of 64,297 hectares. The forest coverage rate is over 80%. Because there are nine Tibetan villages such as Shuzhengzhai, Heyezhai, and Chayuzhai in the ditch, they are named after this mountain lake group.

The main protection objects of Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve are rare animals such as giant pandas and golden monkeys and their natural ecological environment. There are 74 countries that protect rare plants, 18 countries that protect animals, and rich fossils of ancient fossils and ancient glaciers.

“Jiuzhai returns without looking at the water” is a true interpretation of the scenery of Jiuzhaigou. The 108 seas of springs, waterfalls, rivers and beaches form a colorful Yaochi jade pot. The six landscapes of Changhai, Jianyan, Nuorilang, Shuzheng, Zharu and Black Sea are distributed in a “Y” shape. Cuihai, Dian Waterfall, Cailin, Xuefeng, Tibetan Love, and Blue Ice are known as the “Six Musts”. The magical Jiuzhai, known as the “fairy world” by the world, is known as the “king of water”.

Affected by the earthquake, Jiuzhaigou Scenic Area stopped receiving tourists on August 9, 2017. With the approval of the Sichuan Provincial Government, the Jiuzhaigou Scenic Area, closed due to the earthquake and mudslide, is scheduled to open on September 27, 2019.

Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve

Historical evolution

For thousands of years, Jiuzhaigou has been hidden in the mountains and mountains of the northwestern Sichuan Plateau, and human activities are insignificant. The Tibetans in this area are almost isolated from the rest of the world and live a self-sufficient farming and animal husbandry life. Due to the high mountain road, Jiuzhaigou has always been little known.

In 1975, a working group of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries conducted a comprehensive survey of Jiuzhaigou, and concluded that “Jiuzhaigou not only contains rich and precious resources for animal and planting, but also a rare scenic spot in the world”. In the same year, Professor Wu Zhonglun, a famous forest scientist, conducted a more comprehensive investigation of Jiuzhaigou. He was immersed in the situation and said: “I have been to several countries in Europe and America, and I have not seen such a beautiful natural scenery. I must protect it very well.” He immediately informed the Provincial Forestry Department and wrote the Sichuan Provincial Government. The Provincial Forestry Department immediately went to the Nanping County Forestry Bureau: “Jiuzhaigou is inspected and the Japanese is 200 meters away from the land.” This is the earliest measure for the forestry department to protect Jiuzhaigou.

In 1977, the Sichuan Provincial Rare Animal Resources Investigation Team wrote the “Sichuan Provincial Rare Animal Resources Survey Report” and proposed to expand the Nanping County Baihe Nature Reserve into the Jiuzhaigou area.

In August 1978, the Chengdu Institute of Biology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences proposed the necessity of establishing a nature reserve in Jiuzhaigou, which attracted the attention of the Sichuan Provincial Party Committee. On November 30, the relevant departments ordered the logging of timber to be stopped in Jiuzhaigou. On December 15, 1978, the State Council approved the “Report on Strengthening the Protection and Domestication of Giant Pandas” issued by the State Forestry Administration by Guofa (1978) No. 256 document, and approved the establishment of the Jiuzhaigou Nature Reserve Management Office in Nanping County. In 1978, the State Council’s National Development (1978) No. 34 document stipulated that Jiuzhaigou was designated as a natural landscape protection area with a protected area of 620 square kilometers.

In 1979, two forest farms stationed in Jiuzhaigou moved out. In the same year, according to the spirit of the Sichuan Provincial Revolutionary Committee’s “Notice on Strengthening the Construction of Nature Reserves” (Chuangefa [1979] No. 36), the Nanping County Jiuzhaigou Nature Reserve Management Office was established.

In 1982, Guofa (1982) No. 136 approved the notice of the approval of the first batch of national key scenic spots in the urban and rural construction environment and other departments, and designated Nanping Jiuzhaigou as a scenic spot.

In 1983, “Ziuzhaigou Conservation Area Management Office of Nanping County, Sichuan Province” was renamed “Sichuan Nanping Jiuzhaigou Nature Reserve Management Office”. In the same year, the provincial government determined that the natural protection and scenic spots of Jiuzhaigou were unified by the “Sichuan Nanping Jiuzhaigou Nature Reserve Management Office” with the Chuanfufa (1983) No. 168 document. The management department was at the district level and directly led by Nanping County.

In 1984, the State Council designated Jiuzhaigou as the first batch of national key scenic spots by Guofa (1984) No. 136 document, and established the Jiuzhaigou Scenic Area Administration Bureau of Nanping County. Jiuzhaigou was officially opened to the public.

In 1985, Jiuzhaigou Tourism Company was established to conduct unified management of tourism behavior.

On January 20, 1987, the Ministry of Urban and Rural Construction Protection of the People’s Republic of China (87) No. 24 approved the Jiuzhaigou Master Plan, with a scenic area of 720 square kilometers and a perimeter protected area of 600 square kilometers. The construction of Jiuzhaigou has since been on the right track.

In 1989, Jiuzhaigou Town was established, and three brands, a management bureau, an administration bureau, and a town government were formed. On April 20 of the same year, the Jiuzhaigou Scenic Area Administration joined the China Association of Scenic Spots.

On December 14, 1992, Jiuzhaigou was approved by the 16th session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee to be included in the World Natural Heritage List, thus becoming a natural heritage site with world significance and outstanding value that requires the world to share responsibility for protection.

In 1993, it formed a management system for the management bureau and the bureau two brands and a team.

In July 1994, the Ministry of Forestry confirmed Lin Jiubao (1994) No. 174 as a national nature reserve to protect rare animals such as giant pandas and golden monkeys and their natural ecological environment.

On September 14, 1995, Jiuzhaigou joined the Network of Chinese People and Biosphere Reserves and was included in the Recommended List of World Man and Biosphere Reserves.

On October 29, 1997, Jiuzhaigou joined the World Biosphere Reserve Network and became one of the UNESCO-sponsored global science projects on human and environmental relations.

On May 26, 1998, UNESCO and the Chinese Academy of Sciences issued the “World Biosphere Reserve” certificate for the Jiuzhaigou Nature Reserve. On November 7, the same year, the Jiuzhaigou Management Committee, which was dominated by the state and county leaders, was established.

In March 2000, according to the requirements of Lin Shufa (2000) No. 131 of the State Forestry Administration, the “Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve Management Office” was renamed as “Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve Administration”. In October of the same year, it was upgraded to a county-level institution directly under the state government, and implemented a management system of “state-based, state-to-county joint management”.

On February 12, 2001, Jiuzhaigou passed the preliminary certification of “Green Global” 21″. Green Global Asia is headquartered in Australia, attracting tourism destinations and tourism companies with outstanding achievements in environmental protection and eco-tourism to join the organization, and recommend it to the world’s tourists as the best tourist destination and best tourism company. . On June 20, 2002, the expert group conducted a formal review of Jiuzhaigou.

On August 8, 2017, at 21:19:46, a magnitude 7.0 earthquake occurred in Jiuzhaigou County, Aba Prefecture, northern Sichuan Province. The epicenter was located in Biman Village, 5 km west of the core scenic spot of Jiuzhaigou.

From March 8th, 2018, some landscapes in Jiuzhaigou Scenic Area will be reopened. The open area is the landscape along the Mizoguchi-Changhai section of Jiuzhaigou Scenic Area, with special car guidance and team tour.

On September 27, 2019, with the approval of the Sichuan Provincial Government, the Jiuzhaigou Scenic Area, closed due to the earthquake and mudslides, was ready to open the park. On the evening of September 26, the first batch of tourists after Jiuzhaigou reopened the park arrived at the hotel near the scenic spot. It is reported that in order to ensure that the tourism service guarantee meets the requirements for opening the park, in terms of food and accommodation security, Jiuzhaigou County has also formulated a list of travel-related enterprises and individual access approvals, and conducted full coverage audit access for hotels and restaurants in the core areas of Jiuzhaigou Scenic Area. The restaurant and restaurant can operate normally, and the hotel can provide more than 10,000 beds.

Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve

Geographic location

Jiuzhaigou is located in the town of Yuzha Town, Jiuzhaigou County, Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, in the southern section of the Lushan Mountain Range in the northwest of Sichuan Province. It is located on the northeast side of the Bowing Ridge in the southern part of Lushan Mountain. More than 400 kilometers from Chengdu. Geographical coordinates east longitude (E) 100 ̊ 30 ́-104 ̊ 27 ́, north latitude (N) 30 ̊ 35 ́-34 ̊ 19 ́. It is a large branch ditch of the source of the Baishui River in the upper reaches of the Jialing River in the Yangtze River, with a drainage area of 651.34km.

Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve

Protected object

The main protection objects of Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve are rare animals such as giant pandas and golden monkeys and their natural ecological environment. There are 74 kinds of rare plants protected by the state in the higher plants in the region. Among them, there are 3 kinds of national first-grade protected plants, including ginkgo, yew and unicorn, and 66 kinds of secondary protected plants, mainly concentrated in orchids (43 species). Five species of plants that have entered the Red Book of Endangered Plants in China. There are 18 species of protected animals in the first and second grades of the country, including 4 species and 14 species, representing giant pandas and golden monkeys. Including protected areas and rich fossils of paleontology, ancient glaciers are very developed.

Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve

Natural environment

Landform

The terrain of Jiuzhaigou Nature Reserve is high in the south and low in the north. The valley is deep and the height difference is very different. The Jiuzhaigou mouth on the northern edge of the area is only 2,000 meters above sea level, the central peak is more than 4,000 meters, the southern edge is more than 4,500 meters, and the main ditch is more than 30 kilometers long. The peaks and the peaks on both sides are basically snow all year round. Jiuzhaigou is located in the transitional zone from the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau to the Sichuan Basin. The geological background is complex, the carbonates are widely distributed, the folds are developed, the neotectonic movement is strong, the crust uplift is large, and the various camps are interlaced and complex, creating a variety of landforms. The travertine deposits with large-scale karst effects are dominated by plant karst travertine sediments, forming a gorgeous and elegant lake in Jiuzhaigou, rushing and rushing streams, waterfalls splashing jade, ancient forests and deep forests, rolling and rolling Snow peaks.

Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve

Climate

Jiuzhaigou is about 3,000 meters above sea level and belongs to the plateau humid climate. In Jiuzhaigou, the temperature in the spring is relatively low, and the average temperature is between 9-18 °C. There is frozen soil and residual snow before the weather in April. The temperature in Jiuzhai is faster and stable. The average temperature is 19-22 ° C, the night is cooler than a thin sweater; the weather is pleasant and pleasant in autumn, the temperature is mostly 7-18 ° C, the temperature difference between day and night is large, especially in late autumn after October. After the end of October, frozen soil appeared; the winter was colder and the temperature was around 0 °C. In the central area, Nuorilang has an average annual temperature of 7.3 °C. Jiuzhaigou has less rainfall (annual rainfall less than 600mm) and is concentrated. July-August is a typical rainy season.

Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve

Hydrology

There are 108 alpine lakes in the Jiuzhaigou Nature Reserve. Most of them are distributed in groups, with different sizes, small and half acre, and over a thousand acres. There are so many alpine lakes in a ditch, which is not found in the whole country or the whole world. There are many Tianchi in Jiuzhaigou, the largest of which is 7 kilometers long. The Tianchi is surrounded by lush virgin forest. There are 17 large waterfalls in Jiuzhaigou, which is the Jiuzhaigou Nuorilang Waterfall. The largest lake in the reserve is Changhaizi, which is 7 kilometers south.

Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve

Natural resources

Plant

The forest coverage rate of protected areas is over 80%, and there are 38 kinds of vines. The valuable Chinese medicines include Cordyceps sinensis, Xuelian, Xuecha, Chuanbei, Tianma and so on. National-level protected plants include Sichuan redwood, star-leaf grass, tricuspid cedar, white cedar, wheat hanging spruce, collar spring wood, and fragrant tree.

Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve

Vertical distribution of vegetation in protected areas

The altitude of 2000 meters below is the drought-tolerant shrub zone. The main components of the Mizobe area are the drought-tolerant species of the scorpion, the almond, the lemongrass and the artemisia, and the local plots are released by the pine, and there are two species of the genus Conifers, which are Chinese scorpion and Chinese rough, are Chinese subtropical species;
The altitude of 2000-2500 meters is Songlin forest, which is a mixed forest of Pinus tabulaeformis and Quercus liaotungensis. It is mixed with pearl plum, hedgehog, willow and raspberry;
The altitude of 2500-2800 meters is a coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forest belt. The main tree species are Pinus tabulaeformis, Pinus armandi, purple fruit spruce, coarse branch spruce, pentagonal maple, birch, maple, etc.
2800~3500 meters is the cold temperate coniferous forest belt. The main tree species are the fir, the spruce, the spruce, the purple spruce, the red birch, etc. The shrubs under the forest are dominated by the purple arrow bamboo;
More than 3,500 meters is the alpine shrub meadow belt. Due to the steep slope of the soil, the vegetation is poorly developed.
On the bottom of the valley and on the floodplain, there are aquatic shrubs dominated by Nanping Qingyang and Liuzhou, and the shallow lakes are reeds and emergent plants.
At an altitude of over 2,800 meters, there are large areas of arrow bamboo.

Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve

Animal

There are 122 species of terrestrial vertebrates in the reserve, including 21 species of mammals, 93 species of birds, 4 species of reptiles and 4 species of amphibians. There are national-level protected animals in the reserve. There are giant pandas, golden monkeys, leopards, white-lipped deer, takins, and green-tailed rainbow trouts at the first level. There are macaques, red pandas, wood owls, gorals, blue horses, and red belly. Golden pheasant, red-bellied horned owl, spotted pheasant, pheasant, golden eagle, etc.

The avian, scorpion, male body is 1 meter long, the whole body feathers are blue-gray, and the ear feathers are white. The central tail feathers are fluffy like ponytails, draped on both sides and drooping; the outer tail feathers are white at the base. The female is smaller, the feather color is the same as that of the male, and usually 10-30 are formed into small groups. Omnivorous, but mainly plant food.

Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve

Travel Resources

Cuihai

Water is the elf of Jiuzhaigou, and the Haizi (lake) of Jiuzhaigou is more distinctive. The lake is blue and clear all the year round, and the bright bottom is visible, and it has different shades and rhymes as the light changes and the season changes. Beautiful, exquisite and translucent; majestic, blue waves are not inclined; calm, fascinating, whenever calm, blue sky, white clouds, distant mountains, near trees, reflected in the lake. Under the water, it is difficult to argue with the truth, dreams, dreams, and illusion. In the lake, the colors of the goose yellow, green, reddish brown, blush, and green are composed of irregular geometric patterns, which are mutually immersed and variegated. The angle of view moves, the color changes, and the one-step one is infinite. In the entire ditch, Qihu is scattered and can’t be seen. More than a hundred lakes, surrounded by ancient trees, are surrounded by exotic flowers. The lakes are connected by waterfalls of the rapids, each with its own characteristics and endless changes.

Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve

Stack waterfall

Jiuzhaigou is the world of water and the kingdom of waterfalls. All the waterfalls rushed out of the jungle. There is the Nuorilang Waterfall, which is the highest in the country. It hangs on the high green rock, and it looks like a huge curtain with a volley. Some waterfalls whistling from the mountains and rocks, and after several ups and downs, formed a cascade of waterfalls, like a group of silver dragons leaping, the sound of snow, splashing countless small drops of water, turned into a confused mist. When the sun shines, there are often wonderful rainbows that make people pleasing and lingering.

Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve

Cailin

Known as the three most colorful forests in Jiuzhaigou, it covers more than half of the scenic area, more than 2,000 plant species, vying for the beauty, exotic flowers and grasses in the forest, beautiful colors, bathing in the misty misty plants, thick Green Yinsen, mysterious, the forest is full of thick moss, scattered with the beast of birds and beasts. Full of primitive forest features, it creates a sense of vastness and depth. The 30,000-year-old virgin forest, with the changes of the season, presents a variety of beautiful scenery.

Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve

Snow peak

The peak of Jiuzhaigou is straight. Winter peaks and peaks. The ice bucket under the sun is dizzying. On the hills of Gurna, you can see the mountains and the deep valleys. Starry, unobstructed. The sea of clouds and the sky, the waves are tumbling, the peaks are smashing, and the time is hidden.

Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve

Tibetan love

Jiuzhaigou is a large corridor of ethnic integration in history. It is geographically located in the transitional zone from the northeast edge of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau to the Sichuan Basin. It is culturally in the transition zone from the Tibetan area to the Han area and the pastoral area to the agricultural area, so its culture presents a rich edge. Cultural color and the inclusiveness of broad freedom. On the one hand, Tibetan compatriots maintain their own unique cultural traditions, such as mysterious primitive religions, complex architectural styles, costume styles, and passionate festivals; on the other hand, they live in harmony with the surrounding Yi, Hui and Han nationalities. Influence and infiltrate each other to form a diverse cultural pattern. The industrious, courageous, intelligent and simple Tibetan people have prospered in this rich and magical land, creating a splendid and awkward Tibetan culture, adding a splendid color to the treasure house of the Chinese nation.

Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve

Blue ice

The blue ice waterfall in the Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve, with its steep rock walls hangs huge natural ice sculptures, blue and blue, from shallow to deep, ice-clear and clean, and bizarre. There are also huge icicles, ice hockey, ice hung and hail, to create a blue and clear water body with a dazzling array of ice crystals.

Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve

Value meaning

Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve is the core and corridor belt of the Giant Panda A population in the Laoshan Mountains. It has a typical natural ecosystem and is one of the cores of national biodiversity conservation. It is rich in animal and plant resources and has high ecological protection, scientific research and aesthetic tourism value. The area is rich in biodiversity and rare in species. Jiuzhaigou is also known as the “Fairy World of Jiuzhaigou” by the alpine lakes, waterfalls, colorful forests, snow peaks, blue ice and Tibetan customs. It is known as the “king of water”. Jiuzhaigou is also a national geological park with geological remnants of calcified lakes, beaches, waterfalls, karst water systems and forest ecosystems. It has a high scientific research value.

Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve

Natural disaster

At 08:19:46 on August 08, 2017, a magnitude 7.0 earthquake occurred in Jiuzhaigou County, Aba Prefecture, Sichuan Province. The epicenter was located in Biman Village, 5 km west of Jiuzhaigou Core Scenic Area, 39 km east of Jiuzhaigou County Yongle Town, and 66 km south of Songpan County. Kilometers, 83 kilometers from Zhouqu County in the northeast, 85 kilometers from Wen County in the southeast, 90 kilometers from Zoige County in the northwest, 105 kilometers from Weinan City to the north and 285 kilometers from Chengdu to the south. The Jiuzhaigou scenic spot was damaged by the earthquake. Some scenic spots and roads leading to the scenic spot were damaged by the landslide. The Spark Sea and the Nuorilang Waterfall were destroyed and no longer existed.

The damage caused by the 2017 earthquake was large, and mudslides and landslides occurred after the earthquake. Over time, these destroyed landscapes will be gradually restored and updated, and geological movements can also promote the formation of new landscapes. For example, due to the earthquake, the Nuorilang Waterfall was destroyed. After the artificial intervention, the waterfall basically recovered. The earthquake caused a lake in Jiuzhaigou to disappear, but at the same time it produced a new waterfall, Shuanglonghai Waterfall.

Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve

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