Geographic location:Chizhou City, Anhui Province
Famous scenery:Great Treasure Hall
Best play season:Spring and autumn
The Jiuhuashan Scenic Area is located in Anhui Province, China, facing the Tianzhu Mountain across the Yangtze River in the northwest, and the Taiping Lake and Huangshan Mountain in the southeast. It is the main scenic spot of the tourism development strategy of “two mountains and one lake” (Jiuhua Mountain, Taiping Lake, Huangshan Mountain) in Anhui Province. It consists of 11 scenic spots.
Jiuhuashan Scenic Area is the first batch of national key scenic spots, national 5A level tourist area, national civilized scenic tourist area demonstration site, the country’s first natural and cultural double heritage sites, its peak Jiuhua Mountain and Shanxi Wutai Mountain, Zhejiang Putuo Mountain, Sichuan Emei Mountain Also known as the four famous mountains of Chinese Buddhism.
From September 28, 2018, the fare of Wangjimen in Jiuhuashan Scenic Area dropped from 190 yuan to 160 yuan.
Jiuhuashan Scenic Area is located in Qingyang County, Anhui Province, China, 20 kilometers away from Qingyang County, about 60 kilometers away from Guichi District on the south bank of the Yangtze River, Huangshan in the south, Yangtze River in the north, Taiping Lake in the east, 120 kilometers in radius, protection range 174 Square kilometers, the central location (Jiuhua Street) geographical coordinates are one hundred and seventeen degrees eight minutes east longitude, 30 degrees north latitude.
The Jiuhua Mountain is located in the central part of the uplift of the Weinan fault block. The main body is composed of granite. It is influenced by structure and lithology. It forms a unique landscape with peaks, basins and streams. Because the amplitude of the uplift gradually decreases from the core to the periphery, the outer mountain is composed of granitic diorite and sedimentary rocks with smaller hardness than granite, which is easy to be washed and eroded. Therefore, the entire Jiuhua Mountain consists of many mountains and mountains with varying degrees. It consists of low mountains, hills and mountain basins. The folds and fault structures of Jiuhua Mountain are very developed, and the magma activity is also very frequent.
Jiuhua Mountain belongs to the north subtropical warm monsoon climate type. It is characterized by obvious monsoons, distinct four seasons, mild climate, abundant sunshine, abundant rainfall, concentrated summer rain and remarkable plum rain. The climate of Jiuhuashan Mountain has the overall characteristics of the humid climate of the north subtropical climate, and the characteristics of the yin, cool and wet mountains formed by the altitude and topography of the mountainous area.
The vegetation of Jiuhua Mountain belongs to the hilly vegetation area of southern Anhui Province in the mid-subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest belt of southern Anhui. The vegetation of Jiuhua Mountain is a gathering place of plants in southeastern China. According to the survey, there are 1463 species of higher (with embryo) plants in Jiuhua Mountain, including 126 species of mosses, 103 species of ferns, 19 species of gymnosperms, and 1215 species of angiosperms (including subspecies, varieties and variants). Genus. The secondary protected plants include pine, ginkgo, fragrant fruit trees, red peony, and gooseberry.
Jiuhuashan groundwater belongs to the type of bedrock fissure water, and the recharge is mainly based on atmospheric precipitation. It is mostly the source of Jiuhuashan Tunxi in the form of spring water, especially around the mountain basin. Due to the development of joint fissures, hot springs are often clustered. The form is exposed, the water temperature is generally around 20 °C, the water quality is sweet, and it can be used as a cheap raw material for beverages. The shallow pore water is mainly distributed in the valley plain of Qingtong River, Jiuhua River and Horn River. The ground depth is 6-7. Water is visible in the rice, and the amount of water is quite abundant.
According to the survey statistics, there are 253 species of animals in Jiuhua Mountain, including 13 species of amphibians, 24 species of reptiles, 168 species of birds and 48 species of mammals, belonging to 28 orders. Branch. Listed as national first-class protected animals are sika deer, black pheasant, white-necked long-tailed pheasant, clouded leopard, leopard, etc.; the national second-class protected animals have two types of eight species, mainly macaque, macaque, pangolin, small civet, Sumen Antelope, big cockroach, etc. There are three types of three types of protected animals in the country.
True body temple
The Real Body Hall, commonly known as the “Flesh Body Hall”, also known as the “Flesh Body Tower”, is located in the Shenguangling (Lao Dingding) of Jiuhua Mountain. It is the main venue for Buddhists to worship the Jiuhua Holy Land. Bodhisattva is different from the general Buddhist temple. The Jiuhuashan Flesh Hall is a typical palace building with a height of 15 meters and a door facing southwest. Entering the temple must go up to the eighty-seven steps, standing under the steps, looking up, you can see two plaques in the South Gate Hall: the upper book, “The Body of the Body,” and the next book, “The First Mountain in the Southeast.” Around the main hall, there are carved beams on the porch, such as cranes and elk, peony and ganoderma lucidum.
Shiwangfeng is located on the south side of Tiantai Peak in Jiuhua Mountain. The two peaks are connected by a ridge, with an altitude of 1342 meters, which is the first peak of Jiuhua Mountain. The ten kings peaks in the mountains and rivers are fascinating, the peaks are contending, the peaks in the mountains are stacked, the rocks are strange, the waterfalls are flowing, and the streams are flowing. On both sides of the peak, the cliffs are stacked, and there is a “peak” in the southwest. The altitude is 1143 meters, which is very similar to that of the people. In the northwest, there is “Luohan Peak” at an altitude of 1280 meters. The “Banxiantai” is located in the west of Shiwangfeng.
Great Treasure Hall
The Great Treasure Hall is the new temple that was expanded after the reconstruction of the mountain gate in 1988. The hall was built by Qi Tanlin, who was hosted by Huishen and Shangfa. The whole project was designed in an elegant and elegant style. The main building is as high as six feet and three feet. The center of the hall is the thousand-handed Guanyin Bodhisattva. The entire project covers an area of more than 3,000 square meters and is a dojo dedicated to Guanyin Bodhisattva. Jiuhuashan Buddhist Association is located in this temple and is one of the places for large-scale Buddhist activities.
Ganlu Temple is one of the Jiuhuashan Temples, located at the foot of the Huacheng Mountain. Formerly known as Ganlu, also known as Ganlu Chanlin, the main buildings of the Ganlu Temple exterior temple include Shanmen, Daxiong Hall, Weiwei Temple, Zushi Hall, Yufo Tower, Chantang, Fatang, Guest Hall and Abbot. There is also Jiuhuashan Buddhist College in the temple. The main entrance of the temple was made ingenuity. After entering the door, you will see the back wall. It will not be connected to the courtyard. The hall must be accessed from the small gates on both sides. The whole temple is laid out on the hill. There are five floors, the temple is complete, and the pavilion is neat. There is a centering stone next to the temple, which is where the Yulin monk rested. In 1983, Ganlu Temple was designated as a national key temple in the Han area.
The Baisui Palace was built in the Ming Dynasty. The first name of the 100-year-old palace is “Stars”, also known as “Wan Nian Temple”. Together with Qinyuan Temple, Dongya Temple and Ganlu Temple, it is the “Four Great Jungles” of Jiuhua Mountain. The 100-year-old palace is also the second body hall of Jiuhuashan. The building of the Baisui Palace is built according to the mountain, connected up and down, and connected to each other to form a whole. The main buildings include the Shanmen, the Daxiong Hall, the Zhaitang and the mortuary. The hall is filled with innocent flesh. In 1983, the temple was designated as a national key temple in the Han area.
During the reign of Emperor Wu of the Tang Dynasty, Li Yan (841-846), Taoism was carried out and Buddhism was rejected. At this time, Jiuhua Buddhism was in a stage of decline;
During the Song Dynasty, Jiuhua Buddhism developed slightly. In addition to successively repairing the Buddhist temple brothels built in the Tang Dynasty, six new temples such as Jingju Temple and Shengquan Temple were built, increasing the number of temples in Jiuhuashan to 25;
During the short period of the Yuan Dynasty, the Jiuhuashan Buddhism did not develop much because of the fact that Shizu Qiwen Wen Bilie believed in the Lamaism in Buddhism and worshipped Tibet as the emperor.
In the twenty-fourth year of Ming Hongwu (1391), the imperial court gave gold to build the Huacheng Temple. In the second year of Xuande (1427), the eleventh year of Wanli (1583) and the thirty-one year (1603), he repeatedly gave Jin Xiuzhu the main temple of Huacheng Temple and The body of the body. The temples built in the Ming Dynasty include: Tiantai Temple, Zhaoyin Temple, Deyun Temple, Zhenruo, Huayun Temple, Changsheng Temple, Longjing, and Stars (ie Baisong Palace), etc.;
Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty and Emperor Qianlong repeatedly patrolled Jiangnan, and repeatedly gave a golden statue to repair the Huacheng Temple. Since then, Jiuhua Buddhism has further developed. The temple is full of trees, and the sangha is gathered;
In the eight years of Xianfeng (1858), the Taiping Army and the Qing Army fought fiercely in Jiuhua, and many Buddhist temples were destroyed in the war. After the war, the Qing court authorities supported the restoration of Buddhist temples for political needs;
During the Guangxu period, the Temple of Ganlu Temple and Baisui Palace were given three times to the “Dragon Collection” (“Tibetan Scriptures”);
After the Revolution of 1911, the temples have risen and fallen, and they still maintain the famous mountain of Buddhism. On the eve of the anti-Japanese eve, the original Buddhist temple is one hundred and seventy (outside the small temple), except for the fifty-three places that have been deposed. One hundred and seven;
During the outbreak of the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression, many ancient temples were set on fire, and Buddhist temples and temples such as Fahua Temple, Jiulian Temple, Buddha Temple, and Dongya Temple were turned into ashes, and the temples suffered heavy losses;
After liberation, the religious beliefs of religious believers were respected, temples, places of interest and historical sites were protected, and historical relics collected in Buddhist temples were properly kept and religious activities proceeded normally;
In the decade of the “Cultural Revolution” that began in 1966, Jiuhuashan Buddhism was also greatly affected. Temples, Buddha statues, historical relics were damaged, and religious activities were forced to pause;
In the 21st century, Jiuhuashan is open to the public, and visitors from home and abroad to Jiuhua to visit scenic spots and Buddhist worshippers worshipping Buddhas in the mountains are endless. Places of historic interest and scenic beauty have been restored and protected. The ancient temple buildings are seventy-eight in size. The main temples have been renovated and the statues of the various Buddhist temples dedicated to the temple are about 1,500.
On August 17, 1988, the State Council approved the establishment of the Chizhou area, and Jiuhua Mountain was placed under the jurisdiction of the Chizhou area by Wuhu City;
On September 9, 1988, the reconstruction project of Shiwangdian (Runner Hall) was started. It took two years to complete. Zhao Puchu, vice chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference and president of the Chinese Buddhist Association, attended the inauguration ceremony and delivered a speech.
From September 22nd to 26th, 1988, Liu Haisu, a painter and art master, visited Jiuhua Mountain and made two paintings of “Flesh Body Hall” and “Phoenix Pine”, and edited the “Jiuhuashanzhi” and several famous inscriptions;
On May 1, 1989, Jiuyi Highway (Jiuhua Street – Zhongyu Park) passed the acceptance test with a total length of 6952.4 meters. The project lasted for 5 years with an investment of 1.6 million yuan.
On June 2, 1989, the Commercial Materials Bureau of the Jiuhuashan Management Office was established, and the TV ground satellite receiving station was completed and used;
In 1989, the Huatai-Tiger Cave 4,000-meter tourist ramp was completed, and the Benshan Tourism Second Ring Road (Jiuhua Street – Liyuan – Tiantai – Huatai – Baisui Palace – Jiuhua Street) was formed;
On September 19, 1990, Jiuhuashan Buddhist College founded and held the first school opening ceremony. Zhao Puchu, vice chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference and president of the Chinese Buddhist Association, attended and spoke;
On September 1, 1991, the reconstruction project of Taibaishutang was completed and lasted nearly 4 years.
On July 7, 1992, the high water diversion project from Longxi to Jiuhua Street broke ground and lasted for two years, with a daily water supply of 2,000 tons;
On December 17, 1992, 500 digital program-controlled telephones in Benshan were opened. In the same year, the forest fire prevention command center of Jiuhuashan Scenic Area was completed;
On June 16, 1993, the Jiuhuashan Management Office Supervision Bureau was established. On September 15, the maintenance of the physical body hall was completed;
On March 30, 1994, the Shuangxi Temple to Jiuziyan ramp was completed and the ceremony was held on the same day. On June 9, the groundbreaking ceremony was held at the 100-year-old Palace Luohantang. On June 17, the 219 provincial road merged with the 318 National Highway. The groundbreaking ceremony was held at the Wuxi “Jiuhuashan” gate in Wuxi; from June to July, the Jiuhuashan cable TV network was completed and used;
On August 28, 1994, the road reconstruction of the 219 Provincial Road Ershengzhiyuan Road was completed with a total investment of 2 million yuan. The road grade was upgraded from Grade 4 gravel road to Grade 3 asphalt road; December On the 28th, the Benshan Foreign Culture and Art Center was established;
In 1995, Jiuhuashan received 10,000 passengers for the first time, reaching 10019 passengers; the gross domestic product exceeded 100 million yuan for the first time, reaching 109.4 million yuan; Jiuhuashan Public Security Bureau was awarded the title of “National Excellent Public Security Bureau” by the Ministry of Public Security. ;
On July 9, 1996, Jiulong Road (Jiuhuashan – Huangshan) Jiunan Section (Jiuhuashan – Nanyang Bay) started construction.
Copper cast unicorn
The bronze cast unicorn “谛听” is one of the precious cultural relics of Jiuhua Mountain. Legend has it that Jin Qiaojue was riding this kind of unicorn to cross the sea from the Silla Kingdom to Jiuhua Mountain. This bronze is weighed 250 kilograms and was given by the Emperor of the Ming Dynasty in the 17th century.
The golden and jade seals given to the Jiuhua Mountain Tibetan Buddhism by the emperors of the past dynasties, each of which is engraved with the words “Golden Seals of the Tibetan Lishui”.
In 1705, Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty gave the Jiuhuashan royal book “Jiuhua Holy Land”. The emperor attached great importance to Buddhism in Jiangnan.
In 1766, Emperor Qianlong, the grandson of Kangxi, gave the Jiuhuashan Imperial Book “Fintop Education”.
Ming “Tibetan Scripture”
Ming “Tibetan Classics” Wanli fourteen years (AD 1586) was issued as a five-year engraved version of the Ming Orthodox, a total of 6771 volumes, decorated with brocades of different patterns and colors. It is the gift of the Empress Dowager, the mother of the Ming Shenzong. The enactment of the essay was inadvertently destroyed by fire in the second year of Qing Jiaqing; in the 27th year of Wanli (AD 1599), Shenzong awarded the title of “The Wanli Reign of the Eighteenth Anniversary in July”, the volume specification and the orthodox version. similar. The essay (the imperial edict) is well preserved. The book is now in the Tibetan Buddhist Temple. PavilionBayan Classics Ancient Indian Buddhists made with the leaves of Bedolo, thick as copper coins, and wrote verses on the leaves with a knife. It has a history of more than a thousand years.
In the Ming Dynasty, the sorghum sea jade, the word is innocent, and it was repaired in the 100-year-old palace. It took 28 years to study the silver jewels of the book, “Dafang Guangfo Hua Yan Jing”, with “Blood Classics” and “Ming Dynasty” The name of the blood. In the third year of Chongzhen (AD 1630), Ming Si Zong Zhu was sent to the pilgrimage by the prosecutor and sealed the innocent monk as “the body of the Bodhisattva”. This “Blood Sutra” is cherished as a treasure, and it is treasured. On February 1, 1988, it was identified as a first-class collection by experts of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage.
Cultural relics protection
Jiuhuashan Scenic Area has comprehensively rectified the national key cultural relics protection units, provincial cultural relics protection units, cultural and cultural units and other cultural relics in the whole mountain range, and invested a large amount of human and material resources to protect precious historical relics and Buddhist cultural heritage. The temple is now the Jiuhuashan Cultural Relics Exhibition Hall. Through the unremitting efforts of various departments, many unique treasures have been preserved and exhibited, giving the general public an opportunity to appreciate the collections full of historical charm. The Jiuhuashan Cultural Relics Museum now collects and displays more than a thousand pieces of scrolls, buddhas, sacred objects, jade and paintings. Many of them are rare treasures. There are 99 existing temples in Jiuhua Mountain, more than 10,000 statues of Buddhas in the past, and more than 2,000 pieces of various cultural relics.
Shanghai to Jiuhuashan
From Shanghai, take the Shanghai-Suzhou-Zhejiang-Xiangsu Expressway, then transfer to the Shensu-Zhejiang Expressway, then go to Guangde County and then go to Xuanguang Expressway, take the 338 National Highway to Nanling, then take Provincial Highway 320 to Tongling. Then take the Tonghuang Expressway to Qingyang and 17 kilometers to Jiuhua Mountain. The total mileage is 448 kilometers.
Hangzhou to Jiuhuashan
There are two routes to choose from: First, starting from Hangzhou, passing the Nanjing-Hangzhou Expressway to Changxing County, Huzhou, Shangshang-Zhejiang-Zhejiang Expressway to Guangde County, then Xuanguang Expressway to Xuancheng, then 318 National Road to Nanling, 320 Provincial Highway arrives in Tongling, then goes to Tonghuang Expressway to Qingyang, and then directly to Jiuhua Mountain, the total mileage is about 416 kilometers. Second, it arrives at Huangshan from Hangzhou via Hangzhou-Hangzhou Expressway, and Shanghe Copper and Huangtong Expressway arrives at Qingyang. Jiuhuashan, the total mileage is about 435 kilometers.
Nanjing to Jiuhuashan
Starting from Nanjing, Shangning Ma Expressway arrived at Ma’anshan, then took the Hummer Expressway to Wuhu, then went to Tongling on the Yanjiang Expressway, Shanghe Tonghuang Expressway to Qingyang, and then directly to Jiuhua Mountain, with a total mileage of about 223 kilometers.
Jiuhuashan (KeCun) bus station opened nearly 30 tourist classes, leading to Tongling, Anqing, Wuhu, Hefei, Nanjing, Shanghai, Yiwu, Hangzhou, Wuhan, Huangshan, Chizhou, Qingyang and other places. Hefei’s tourist bus station has a shuttle bus to Jiuhuashan Scenic Area. The address is on the east side of Hefei Railway Station (next to Anhui Big Market). Hefei can also take a long-distance bus from Hefei to Qingyang and then transfer to Jiuhua Mountain.
Take a boat to Chizhou, Tongling, Wuhu, and then transfer directly to Jiuhua Mountain. Jiuhuashan is 53 kilometers from Chizhou Port on the Yangtze River route and 92 kilometers from Tongling Port. Shanghai and Nanjing tourists can land in Tongling Port. Chongqing, Wuhan and Jiujiang visitors can land at Chizhou Port and then transfer to the Jiuhua Mountain.
Visitors can take the train to Tongling, Anqing, Tunxi, Nanjing, and then take the car straight to Jiuhuashan. The nearest train station to Jiuhua Mountain is Tongling Station, 92 kilometers to Jiuhua Street, about 2 hours drive.
When climbing, you need to wear comfortable hiking shoes or sneakers. You can wear a pair of thick socks to prevent blisters from getting out.
You can prepare a walking stick when climbing, which is good for walking the mountain.
There is a large temperature difference between the mountains and the mountains. It is necessary to bring a windbreaker or sweater for cold protection. The mountains are cloudy and the rain gear is indispensable. It is best to prepare raincoats for mountaineering.
Jiuhua Mountain has a good environmental protection, so it is inevitable that there will be snakes and insects, and bring some snake medicine just in case.
There are wild monkeys on Jiuhua Mountain (such as near the 100-year-old palace). Don’t play with monkeys at random to avoid being scratched.