Geographic location:Jingyue District, Changchun City, Jilin Province
Famous scenery:Goddess Square, Lotus Weeping Willow Garden, Bisong Jingyue Tower, Reservoir Dam, Forest Baths
Climate type:Temperate monsoon climate
Jingyuetan, national AAAAA-level tourist scenic spot, national-level scenic spot, national forest park, national civilized scenic tourist area demonstration site, national-level water conservancy scenic spot, national-level national fitness outdoor activity base.
Jingyuetan Scenic Spot is located in Changchun Jingyue Economic Development Zone, southeast of Changchun City, Jilin Province. It is only 18 kilometers away from People’s Square in the city center. The scenic area is 96.38 square kilometers, of which the water area is 5.3 square kilometers and the forest coverage rate is over 96%. Jingyuetan is named after the shape of a crescent moon. It is a sister pool with Taiwan’s Sun Moon Lake. It is one of the “Jilin Eight Scenes” and is known as the “Net Moon God Show”.
Jingyuetan was the first water source that was built artificially in 1934 for the urban area of Changchun City. It was called the “water source” or “storage tank” during the depression. The name of Jingyuetan was initiated by Zheng Yu, the second son of Zheng Manchu, the prime minister of the Manchurian State, and the then director of the Bureau of Construction of the Puppet Manchuria. The forest in the scenic area is artificially constructed and contains a complete forest ecosystem of 30 species. It has a unique geographical advantage, making it a “pure land in the city”, with “Asia’s largest artificial forest sea” and “green sea pearl”. The reputation of “Urban Oxygen Bar” is the ecological green core and city business card of Changchun City.
Jingyuetan Scenic Spot is everywhere, with different seasons. The ecological scene of Asia’s largest artificial forest, which is dependent on mountains and water, constitutes a picture of the changing seasons of Jingyuetan. Jingyuetan has become an ideal place for spring, summer, summer, autumn and winter.
Jingyuetan is not only an ecological leisure center, but also a center of physical fitness. As the main venue of Changchun City Summer Festival and Changchun Ice and Snow Festival, it has launched the Jingyuetan Vasa International Ski Festival, Jingyuetan Forest Marathon and Jingyuetan. The mountain bike marathon, Jingyuetan Forest Orientation Tournament, Jingyuetan Dragon Boat Race and other events and activities are dedicated to promoting healthy, fashionable and leisure lifestyles and creating a gathering place for internationally renowned tourism and cultural activities.
Jingyuetan is located in the Jingyue National High-tech Industrial Development Zone in the southeast of Changchun City, Jilin Province, 14 kilometers away from the People’s Square in the city center, 16 kilometers away from Changchun Station and 28 kilometers away from Changchun Longjia International Airport.
The geographical coordinates are 125 degrees 21 minutes east longitude and 43 degrees 52 minutes north latitude.
Jingyuetan is located in the foreground of Changbai Mountain. It belongs to the excessive area of Changbai Mountain to the western grassland. It spans three floras of Changbai Mountain, Inner Mongolia and North China, and the forest coverage rate is over 96%. The scenic spot is between 220 meters and 406.5 meters above sea level. The terrain varies from north to south. The terrain in the north is undulating. The southern terrain is relatively flat and open. The rolling hills stretch into a vertical and horizontal valley, surrounded by a pool of clear water.
The landscape of Jingyuetan is low hill-like, with 119 large and small mountain peaks. There are 86 mountain ranges extending from north to south to the edge of the pond. Not only the gully is vertical and horizontal, but also can be climbed and overlooked. The whole mountain is like a giant python, and the big mountain is still the highest.
Jingyuetan is in a temperate semi-humid monsoon climate zone with a maximum temperature of 28.32 °C and a minimum temperature of -22.48 °C. The average winter temperature is about 10-18 degrees, the annual average precipitation is 654.3 mm, and the winter snow depth is about 30 cm. The amount of negative oxygen ions in the forest is 100 times that of urban areas.
As the largest artificial forest farm in Asia, Jingyuetan is rich in plant resources. There are 8,000 hectares of artificial forests planted in the 1970s. The plant pattern in the park simulates the vertical distribution of Changbai Mountain plants. There are more than 1,000 kinds of plants, large forests, mountain flowers and medicinal plants. Herbarium of plants. The tree species include Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica, larch, Korean pine, Chinese pine, red pine, spruce, fir and natural secondary forest, aspen, birch, Mongolian oak, alfalfa and a small number of higher plants such as poplar, eucalyptus and walnut. A variety of, formed a multi-tree species, multi-level, multi-structure unique forest ecosystem.
There are more than 60 kinds of birds such as pheasants, hawthorns and wild ducks in the animal resources of Jingyuetan. There are more than 20 kinds of beasts such as squirrels, hedgehogs, scorpions and foxes, and more than 460 kinds of insects.
In 1932, after the Japanese aggressor army obtained the “full-fledged land of the Manchurian Railway” in Changchun, it was found that the Fengjun military government at that time controlled the Changchun water source very tightly, making the water source of the “full iron affiliated area” always tense. After the establishment of the Puppet Manchuria, the Puppet State Construction Bureau immediately investigated the water source of Changchun with the assistance of “Manchu” and discovered deep groundwater about 100 meters underground.
Below Xinlicheng is the hilly terrain, and the largest river in the area is the Yitong River. There are no mountains and no reservoirs on both sides of the Yitong River. All the tributaries are suffering from narrowness, and only the small river along the Zihe River does not dry up all the year round. In 1934, the Puppet State Construction Bureau made a comparison of water quality, water volume and cost. Finally, it decided to build a water storage dam at a place called “waist station” 12 kilometers southeast of Changchun to intercept the water along the river.
In May 1934, the water storage project was started and water supply began in January 1936. The water supply capacity of this reservoir is 40,000 cubic meters per day, which exceeds the water purification capacity of the Nanling Water Purification Plant by 20,000 cubic meters. The reservoir with a surface area of 4.6 square kilometers was later named “Jingyuetan”.
However, due to the small flow of the river along the Xiaohe River, the water supply of the pseudo-national waters was anxious after five years, and only the Huanglong Park Reservoir (three river runoffs in the upper reaches of the Xihegou tributary of the Yitong River and the Nanhu Lake in Changchun) were used. In the last two years, the Yitong River water intercepted by the Nanban Water Plant Xiaobanqiao sluice was used as the main water supply source. In 1958, with the completion of the Xinlicheng Reservoir, the Yitong River, which was regulated by the reservoir, began to supply water to the Nanling Water Plant, and the Jingyuetan was replaced by the alternate water source of Changchun City.
In 1988, Jingyuetan was approved by the State Council as a national-level scenic spot.
In 1989, it was approved by the National Forestry Department as a national forest park.
In 1995, the Changchun Jingyuetan Tourism Economic Development Zone Administrative Committee was established to locate the Jingyuetan National Forest Park on urban forest ecotourism and increase the infrastructure construction of the scenic spot.
In April 1999, Changchun Jingyuetan Tourism Development Group Co., Ltd. was established.
In 2001, it was rated as a national 4A-level tourist scenic spot. The scenic spot has passed ISO9002 national quality management system certification and ISO14001 environmental management system international certification.
On March 15, 2003, the Net Moon Lake Vasa Ski Festival officially settled in Jingyuetan, Changchun, China.
In February 2009, it was organized by the Central Civilization, and the Ministry of Construction and the National Tourism Administration awarded the title of “National Civilized Scenic Area”.
On January 14, 2011, it was officially awarded the “National AAAAA Level Scenic Spot” by the National Tourism Administration.
On December 31, 2012, “Jingyuetan” was rated as a well-known trademark in China.
In April 2012, it was rated as “the first batch of national standardization service demonstration units” by the National Tourism Administration.
In August 2012, it was rated as “National National Fitness Outdoor Activity Base” by the State Sports General Administration.
In 2013, it was identified as the “Worker Pioneer” by the All-China Federation of Trade Unions.
In June 2014, the Net Moon Lake Vasa International Ski Festival officially joined the Worldloppet Sports Organization.
In July 2014, it was awarded the “Outstanding Contribution Unit of the National Sunshine Sports Conference” by the State Sports General Administration, the Ministry of Education, and the Communist Youth League Central Committee.
In November 2014, Jingyuetan was rated as one of the top ten scenic spots in China’s sports tourism.
In December 2014, Jingyuetan was rated as a service brand enterprise in Jilin Province.
In February 2017, Jingyuetan was rated as a national sports industry demonstration unit by the State Sports General Administration.
In July 2017, the Jingyuetan Vasa International Ski Festival won the first national sports tourism boutique event.
In December 2017, the Net Moon Lake Vasa International Ski Festival won the 2017 China Top Ten Brand Festival in the Convention and Exhibition Industry.
In December 2017, the Jingyuetan Vasa International Ski Festival won the top ten most influential ice and snow tourism festivals in China.
Myths and legends
According to legend, one year, the seven daughters of the Queen Mother went to the world to play. Her seventh daughter, the Seven Fairies, saw a young man carrying a broken umbrella, and while walking and wiping his tears, he became a village girl, and they lived together at first sight. The Queen Mother was very angry after learning about the incident and decided to send Heavenly Soldiers to capture the Seven Fairies. On this day, the sky suddenly clouded, and a gust of wind blew the Seven Fairies into the sky. The Seven Fairies looked at the hut where they lived with their lover. They couldn’t help but drop two lines of tears. They dripped in the south and turned into the Sun Moon Lake in Taiwan. They fell into the north and turned into Jingyuetan in Changchun.
Scenic opening hours: 6:00-21:00. It is open to the public all year round and tickets are sold throughout the day.
Scenic spot ticket: 30 yuan.
Personal annual card: 300 yuan.
Scenic tour bus: 10 yuan per person per way, 8:30-16:30 operation.
Take Bus No. 102 (People’s Square – Changying Century City) and get off at the main gate of Jingyue.
Take the 120 road (one stop of the car factory – Changchun Finance and Economics College) and get off at the main gate of Jingyue.
Take bus No. 160 (Changchun Station – Jingyuetan) and get off at Jingyuetan.
Changchun Light Rail Line 3 (Changchun Station – Changying Century City) gets off at Jingyue Park.