Geographic location:Jinggangshan City, Ji’an City, Jiangxi Province
Famous scenery:Huang Yangjie, Wuzhifeng, Jinggangshan Revolution Museum
Climate type:Subtropical monsoon climate
Ji’an Jinggangshan Scenic Area is located in the west boundary of Xiangdong, the northern branch of Nanling and the middle section of Luojing Mountain. It is about 130 kilometers away from Jizhou District of Ji’an City Center and 35 kilometers away from Xingang District (Hongxing Street) of Jinggangshan City. The first batch of national key scenic spots announced by the State Council in 1982. In 1991, it was named one of the top 40 Chinese tourist destinations. It is also one of China’s 100 patriotic education demonstration bases and China’s top ten excellent social education bases.
The highest elevation of Jinggangshan Scenic Area is 1779.4 meters. There are 11 scenic spots, 76 scenic spots and more than 460 landscapes.
In 1950, the “Jinggangshan Special Zone” was established.
In July 1959, the Jinggangshan Administration was established with the approval of the State Council, which is directly under the leadership of the Jiangxi Provincial People’s Committee.
On July 1, 1965, China issued a set of special stamps for Jinggangshan.
From 1966 to 1976, the Jinggangshan Revolutionary Committee was under the jurisdiction of the Ji’an area.
In 1977, the “Jinggangshan Administration” under the jurisdiction of the province was restored.
In December 1984, with the approval of the State Council, it was set up as “Jinggangshan City” and the scenic spot was placed under the jurisdiction of Jinggangshan City.
At the 39th World Heritage Conference held in Bonn, Germany in July 2015, UNESCO officially listed Jinggangshan-North Wuyishan (Wuyishan Development Project) as a World Heritage List.
Ji’an Jinggangshan Scenic Area is located in the west boundary of Xiangdong, the northern branch of Nanling and the middle section of Luojing Mountain. It is about 130 kilometers away from Jizhou District of Ji’an City Center and 35 kilometers away from Xingang District (Hongxing Street) of Jinggangshan City. The geographical position is 113°49′ to 114°23′ east longitude and 26° 27′ to 26°49′ north latitude.
Jinggangshan has a subtropical monsoon climate with four distinct seasons and abundant rainfall. The annual average temperature is 14.2 degrees. January is the coldest month with an average temperature of 3.2 degrees. The hottest month in July, the average temperature is only 23.9 degrees, and the extreme maximum temperature is only 34.8 degrees. The annual average rainfall is 1856.3 mm, the annual average rainfall is 213 days, the annual average sunshine is 1511 hours, and the average foggy day is 96 days. Due to the altitude and the terrain surrounding the mountains, Ciping has the characteristics of winter length, summer short, autumn morning and spring evening.
The main landform types of Jinggangshan are tectonic erosive middle and low mountains, tectonic denudation hills, stacked river valley basins and river terraces. Among them, the structure of the erosive middle and low mountains is mainly concentrated in the southwestern part of Jinggangshan City. The altitude is more than 1200 meters, the cutting degree is significant, the rock wall is steep, the mountains are heavy, the mountains are dangerous; the tectonic denudation hills are mainly distributed. At the base of the mountain slope and the basin, the relative height is 50-80 meters, the slope is between 15°-30°, and the Longshi, Gucheng, Xincheng, Maoping, Getian, Yicun and Northeast of Jinggangshan City Most of the mountains from the mountains to the Xiaping, the southeastern part of the Yellow River and the Lower Seven belong to this kind of hills; the stacked river valleys and rivers are distributed between the erosive middle and low mountains and hills, and the inter-mountain basins are mainly distributed. In Ciping, Lawn, Baiyinhu, Shuangwujing, Tuling, Xiazhuang, Xingzhou and other places, the valley basin is mainly concentrated in Huangpi, Shangqi, Xiaqi, Nashan, Longshi, Gucheng, Xincheng, and Eangling. Ge Tian and other places. The first terrace is about 3-5 meters above the riverbed, and the second terrace is about 10-25 meters above the riverbed. The constituent materials of the first-order terraces are mainly river alluvials. The farmland soils distributed on the riverbanks are light in texture and high in sediment concentration. The constituent materials of the second-order terraces are mainly slopes and alluvial deposits. Develop sticky red soil.
Longtan is also known as Wulongtan. Because the Wushen River leaps to the mountain rock five times in the river less than two kilometers, it forms five ladder-shaped waterfalls and deep pools, hence the name. The scenic spot of Jinggang Mountain in Longtan Scenic Area covers an area of 889 hectares, including outside the small well. It is a natural landscape and wins with a waterfall.
Wuzhifeng is located six kilometers southwest of Ciping. It is bounded by the five fingers of the peaks and the height of 1438 meters. The five-finger peaks and peaks extend from the southeast to the northwest. They are tens of kilometers long and are uninhabited. People can only stand on the “viewing platform” on the other side of the river and have been listed as a nature reserve. The two peaks face each other, and the middle is a deep valley. The bottom of the valley is the Longqing River, which is the stone ear on the cliffs of the Jinggang Mountain River. There is also a waterfall in Wuzhifeng, with a drop of about 200 meters. Wuzhifeng Waterfall is the largest waterfall in Jinggang Mountain.
In the Dulu Mountain Scenic Area in Jinggangshan, Jinxi, and in the Dushan Mountain Scenic Area before the name change, there are several boulder in the jungle of Du Fu, which are slanted back and forth. The shape resembles the black frame and the golden plaque, which looks up to the sky day and night. People call it “ The stone of the Golden Moon is one of the beautiful scenery of Beacon Hill. A cluster of alpine rhododendrons grows across the stone from the “Golden Moon”. At 50 meters to the west of the “Golden Moon” stone, there are several large and flat stones.
There are five wells in the Jinggangshan, Wujing, and five mountain villages, which are surrounded by mountains and are like wells, namely Dajing, Xiaojing, Zhongjing, Shangjing and Xiajing. Dajing is the largest village.
Ciping is the center of the Jinggangshan revolutionary struggle and is located in a small basin between the Chongshan Terrace. There are revolutionary museums, martyrs memorial towers, etc. From Ciping to various memorial sites and major scenic spots, there are roads connected. The five major whistle of the revolutionary battlefield is not far from Ciping, and there are five whistle roads. The Huangyangjie in the five major whistle, at an altitude of 1343 meters, is at the top of the mountain and lives in the mountain pass. The situation is dangerous. The local people call it the Motianling.
The Forest of Steles was built in July 1987 and opened to the public from the Qingming Festival in 1989. Beilin is composed of a monument pavilion, a monument, and a natural monument. “Jinggangshan Beilin” was inscribed by the calligrapher Shu Tong.
Huangyangjie is 17 kilometers northwest of Ciping Town, Jinggang Mountain, at an altitude of 1343 meters. It is one of the most famous whistle in one of the five major outlets of Jinggang Mountain (Shuangma Stone, Tongmuling, Zhushachong, Bamian Mountain, Huangyangjie). The mouth is connected to the border of Hunan and Jiangxi. The terrain of the Huangyang boundary is dangerous and difficult. On August 30, 1928, the famous battle of the Yellow Ocean was launched here.
Du Fushan (Bijiashan)
Dufu Mountain is 35 kilometers southwest of Ciping and 1357 meters above sea level. It is mainly composed of three peaks: Zhongfeng (Yamen Peak), Xifeng (Wangzhi Peak) and Dongfeng (Guandao Peak). Yuanwang is like an ancient pen holder, hence the name Beacon Hill.
Jinggangshan Revolutionary Martyrs Cemetery
The Jinggangshan Revolutionary Martyrs Cemetery is the new revolutionary human landscape in the Ciping Central Scenic Area. It is located on the northern rock peak north of Ciping. The cemetery was built in 1987 and was completed and opened in October 1987.
Jinggang Mountain belongs to the middle and ancient north shore of the biogeographic zoning forest system–“China’s subtropical forest province”, with a forest area of 126,500 hectares, including 46,800 hectares of timber forest and 7.133 hectares of economic forest. Other timber forests are 7,000 hectares, shelter forests are 21,300 hectares, and standing timber stocks are 8.04 million cubic meters. The forest coverage rate is 81.2%. According to experts’ research, Jinggangshan is one of the subtropical plants and one of the world’s only subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forests. There are also 78 representative plants of provincial protection, such as southern yew, white cedar, eucalyptus, ginkgo, fragrant fruit tree, half maple, and sightseeing wood. The area of bamboo forest is 1066.7 hectares. There are more than 100 kinds of bamboo, bamboo, bamboo, Guanyin bamboo, bamboo, bamboo, bamboo and solid bamboo. The total volume of bamboo is 25.576 million.
Jinggangshan is one of the most abundant biological divisions on the earth. Plants and fauna are complex, with many fauna and rich biological resources. The relatively old and complete Cenozoic Tertiary forest ecosystem left over 60 million years ago has been identified with more than 3,400 species of more than 800 families of 280 families. There are 10 species listed in the IUCN Red List of Species, 38 species listed in Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, and 67 listed in the Red List of Chinese Species. There are 23 species in the “China National Key Protected Wild Plants List”. Among the 460 species of endemic seed plants in China, there are 20 species of seed plants in Jinggangshan and 78 species listed in provincial protection.
Animal species are also very rich, and 307 species of vertebrates have been identified, including 42 species of mammals, 162 species of birds, 41 species of reptiles, 29 species of amphibians, and 35 species of fish. There are 21,000 species of insects, and there are many rare and endangered animals in the area. There are 13 species listed in the IUCN Red List of Species, and 17 are listed in the Appendix to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna. There are 37 kinds of “Chinese Red List of Species”, and among the 38 kinds listed in the “China National Key Protected Wild Animals List”, there are 25 kinds of endemic animals in Jinggang Mountain. Representative animals include yellow-bellied horned owl, monkey-faced eagle, Tibetan eagle monkey, sambar, pangolin, black-headed snake, scorpion lizard, otter (monkey fish), tiger frog, spiny frog and so on.
There are 6 rivers with a drainage area of more than 10 square kilometers, and the total length of the dry tributaries is 222.3 kilometers. The main rivers in the city are Longjiang, Zhengxi, Nashanhe, Xingzhou River and Dawangshui, which belong to the Minjiang River system and have Jinggangchong. 5 reservoirs of Luofu, Lingkeng, Xiankou and Qiaolin. The total amount of water resources is 1.158 billion cubic meters, divided into surface water and groundwater. The surface water resources are abundant, with an average annual runoff of 933 million cubic meters; the groundwater resource reserves are 360 million cubic meters, and the average annual runoff is 225 million cubic meters. The city’s hydropower theoretical reserves are 132,000 kilowatts, and the available development capacity is 112,000 kilowatts, accounting for 84.8% of the theoretical reserves. By 2009, it has developed 82,000 kilowatts, accounting for 73.4% of the developable capacity.
According to geological survey data and mass reports, Jinggangshan City has porcelain clay, rare earth, sand (rock) gold, uranium, tungsten, tin, aluminum, zinc, magnesium, copper, sulphur, fluorite, graphite, crystal, asbestos, granite, There are more than 10 minerals such as antimony ore, among which porcelain earth mines and rare earth minerals are rich in reserves, which are two dominant minerals, and others are small ore. In the mountains of Qili Ship and Ximei Mountain, in the mountains of Xiazhuang to Xingzhou, the discovered Yankuang is located at the top of Jiangxi.
History and culture
Jinggangshan landscape is divided into eight categories: peaks, rocks, waterfalls, meteorology, Jinyu Wangyue caves, hot springs, rare animals and plants and alpine pastoral scenery, of which 10 are listed as China’s key cultural relics protection units.
Among them, there are more than 30 revolutionary cultural landscapes, including 10 national key cultural relics protection units, 2 provincial key cultural relics protection units, and 17 municipal key cultural relics protection units. The main scenic spots (points) are: Huangyangjie, Ciping Revolutionary Site Group, Jinggangshan Revolutionary Martyrs Cemetery, Dajing Mao Zedong’s old residence, Jinggangshan Revolutionary Museum, Maoping Bajiao Building, Huishi Memorial Hall, Longtan, Main Peak, Shuikou, Du Fushan (Bijia Mountain) )Wait.
The Jinggangshan Scenic Area has been inhabited during the Eastern Han Dynasty. It has the title of “the balance of the balance between Hunan and Hunan, and the belly of a thousand miles.”
Jinggangshan Scenic Area is the first batch of national key scenic spots announced by the State Council in 1982. In 1991, it was named one of the top 40 Chinese tourist destinations. It is also one of China’s 100 patriotic education demonstration bases and China’s top ten excellent social education bases.
Since 2001, Jinggangshan Scenic Area has been the first batch of national 5A scenic spots, Chinese civilized scenic tourist areas, the first batch of national key scenic spots, 40 best tourist destinations in China, and an excellent tourist city in China.
A number of routes are opened at Jinggangshan Airport, 80 kilometers away from Ciping. After arriving at Jinggangshan Airport, you can take the Taijing Expressway to the Jinggangshan City (Chiping) Scenic Area.
Jinggangshan now has direct trains, which can take you to the new town of Jinggangshan City, and then take a half-hour car to reach the Ciping Scenic Area. Jinggangshan Railway Station is 36 kilometers away from Ciping. There is a car between the train station and the town of Ciping. The ticket is 8 yuan/person. From the Ciping to the train station, the morning shuttle bus is around 6:40, and the latest one is at 18:30. One bus every 20 minutes.
You can also take the Beijing-Kowloon Line to Ji’an and transfer to the car. You can reach Jinggangshan City (Chiping) in 2 hours. If you have time, you can live in Ji’an for one day. Ji’an has Wentianxiang Memorial Hall, Qingyuan Ancient Temple, Bailu College, and Qing. The original mountain tourist area, etc.; or take the Beijing-Kowloon line to Jinggangshan Railway Station (Taihe County), then transfer to the car. In fact, it is closer from Ji’an to Jinggangshan.
In addition, Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Nanjing and other places have opened the Jinggangshan tourist train, from these places to Jinggangshan are very convenient.
With the completion and opening of the Taijing Expressway, the traffic on Shangjinggangshan has been greatly improved. Every day, Nanchang, Ji’an and Taihe in Jiangxi Province have long-distance buses to Jinggangshan. They can pass through Ganyu Expressway and Taijing Expressway to Jinggangshan City (Chiping) Scenic Area. There are also long-distance buses to Ciping in the direction of Luanchuan.
Ciping Station Send to Ji’an direction: During the period from 6:05-13:30, send a shift every 20 minutes; during the period from 13:45-17:00, send a shift every 10 minutes.
In addition, from Cangzhou and Changsha, Hunan, you can enter Jinggangshan through places such as Luanchuan and Ningkang.
And some city mileage: 352 kilometers in Nanchang, 131 kilometers in Ji’an, 181 kilometers in Zhangzhou, 110 kilometers in Taihe County, 88 kilometers in Luanchuan County, 365 kilometers from Changsha City, Hunan Province, 144 kilometers from Chaling, 88 kilometers from Yanling.
Scenic spot tickets
Jinggangshan Scenic Area Adult Ticket with Sightseeing Car ¥260
Adult Team Ticket Booking ¥190
Jinggangshan Ticket + Touring Car ¥260