Geographic location:Jiange County, Guangyuan City, Sichuan Province
Famous scenery:Cuiyun Gallery, Gubai Group, Jianmen Shu Road Site, Jianmenguan Ancient Town
Opening hours: 8:00-18:00
The Jianmenguan Tourist Area of Jianmen Road in Guangyuan City is located in the north of Jiange County, Guangyuan City, Sichuan Province, with a total area of 84 square kilometers and a core area of 6 square kilometers. It consists of two adjacent scenic spots, Jianmenguan and Cuiyun Gallery. It is an important node of Sichuan Dajiuzhai Ring Road and a support center for the cultural tourism routes of the Three Kingdoms.
Jianmen Road has a long history and began in the Western Zhou Dynasty. It is the core value section of the ancient Qin Dynasty and Jinniu Road. It has a history spanning more than 3,000 years. It has ancient cultural relics, ancient buildings, ancient inscriptions, ancient temples and ancient city sites. The main attractions are Jianmenguan, Jiangwei Tomb, Zhonghui Base, Jinniu Road, Houguanmen, Shizhufeng, Liangshan Temple, Cuiping Peak, and glass landscape platform.
In July 2015, Jianmenguan Tourist Area of Jianmen Road in Guangyuan City won the title of National AAAAA Grade Scenic Spot. In 1982, the first batch of national-level scenic spots; in 2006, the sixth batch of national key cultural relics protection units, National Nature and Culture Double heritage title; in 2010, won the Sichuan Provincial Nature Reserve, Sichuan Provincial Geopark, and listed in the “China World Cultural Heritage Pre-list”.
During the Warring States period, Qin Hui Wang wanted to swallow, bitterly no way to enter, lie to give a hardware cow, five beautiful women to the king, Wang Xin believes that the truth, sent five people around the road, Lushan to open the road, into the Qin Yingmei, Yunniu, only This ramp was opened, called “Golden Bull Road”, also known as the Jianmen Road.
In the four years of Yongping in the Eastern Han Dynasty (61 years), the priest of the school, Yang Lan, rebuilt Jianmen Road.
During the Three Kingdoms period, Zhu Hanliang was in the middle of Dajianshan (Jianmenshan). According to the cliff stone, the Jianmenguan was built and the Feiliangge Road was built between the big and small Jianshan. The Jinniu Ancient Road was also called Jianmen Road. .
During the Tang Dynasty, the Jianliangshan Temple was built on the “Shoushen Cliff” and was expanded into a two-in-one courtyard in Qing Dynasty with a building area of 947 square meters.
In 1992, Jianmen County developed and built the Jianmenguan Tourist Area of Jianmen Road, which was jointly developed, protected, operated and managed by the Jiange County Scenic Spots Authority and the County Forestry Bureau Cuiyun Gallery Management Station.
In August 1993, the Jianmenguan Tourist Area in Jianmen Road, Guangyuan City was opened to the public, realizing a tourism ticket income of more than 100,000 yuan.
In 2003, the county party committee and county government established the Jianmenguan Scenic Area Development and Construction Management Committee of Jiane County and Sichuan Jianmenguan Scenic Area Development Co., Ltd., and the development of Jiange Tourism formed “government-led, enterprise main body, market operation and social participation”. New machines.
In 2003, the Jianmen County Party Committee and the County Government established the Jianmenguan Scenic Area Development and Construction Management Committee of Jiane County and the Jianmenguan Scenic Area Development Co., Ltd. of Sichuan Province. The Jiange Tourism Development formed the “government-led, enterprise main body, market operation, society”. Participate in the mechanism.
In 2008, the “5.12” Wenchuan Earthquake caused serious damage to the scenic spot. Jiange County integrated and raised 350 million yuan of funds, and developed and constructed according to the national 4A level scenic spot standards, highlighting “gates, roads and people” and completed planning and demolition. , repair, road construction, composition, supporting, greening, pollution control and other projects. After the reconstruction, the scenic area has been expanded by 50 times, and more than 90 new scenic spots have been built. Experience projects and facilities such as 4D cinema, geological museum, zip line, archery field, gossip garden, sightseeing battery car and skid are built.
On December 22, 2009, the Red Star Plaza was completed, including the Red Army’s attack on the Jianmenguan Monument, the Red Army’s attack on the Jianmenguan Memorial Hall, the general sculpture and the stone slogan.
In 2012, the Sichuan Provincial Party Committee and the Provincial Government proposed the long-term plan for the construction of the “Northeast Sichuan Economic Zone” in the “multi-point and multi-polar” development strategy, and incorporated the tourism development of the ramp into the important industry support content.
In 2013, the Jianmenguan Tourist Area in Jianmen Road, Guangyuan City started the construction of 5A Smart Scenic Spot. According to the national 5A scenic spot construction standards and requirements, combined with the characteristics of Jianmenguan tourism resources, the Jianmenguan (4A-level tourist scenic spot), Two scenic spots in Cuiyun Gallery (4A-level tourist scenic spot) have become a national 5A-level scenic spot using digital technology and mobile Internet technology.
The Jianmenguan Tourist Area of Jianmen Road in Guangyuan City is located in the north of Jiange County, Guangyuan City, Sichuan Province, with a total area of 84 square kilometers. The core area is 6 square kilometers. The coordinates are 105 ゚35’08” east longitude and 32 北 148 north latitude. ’05”. It is about 480 kilometers away from the ancient capital of Xi’an, 150 kilometers to the south, 400 kilometers to Chongqing, about 250 kilometers from southwest to Chengdu, and about 350 kilometers from northwest to Jiuzhaigou.
Jianmenguan Tourist Area in Jianmen Road, Guangyuan City is a subtropical humid climate zone with mild climate, abundant rainfall and four distinct seasons. The average annual gas is 14.0 °C, the coldest month January average temperature is 4.2 °C, the hottest month average temperature is 24.5 °C; the annual average precipitation is 1075.1 ml, and the rainy season is from May to October, accounting for 87.4% of the annual rainfall. The snowfall is concentrated in January-February, and there is more snow in the area above 800 meters above sea level; the sunshine is unevenly distributed, the foggy weather is more in autumn and winter, and the sunlight is difficult to reach the ground, with an average of 125 days, accounting for 34% of the whole year; relative humidity 74 %.
The Jianmenguan tourist area in Jianmeng Road, Guangyuan City is a complete watershed of Dajianxi. It belongs to the tributary of Qingjiang River. Dajianxi originates from the viewpoint of Montenegro. The stream is shallow, and the Jianmenguan is steep and deep, falling 50 meters. Jianmenguan Canyon. Xiaojianxi originated from the northern Bojiagou, and formed the Jianxiong Lake, Longwangtan and Liangshuigou Reservoirs through the large hanging rock and Liangshuigou. It merged with Dajianxi in Dashizui, with a drainage area of 120 kilometers.
The Jianmen Mountain stone blocks the clouds, the gullies are vertical and horizontal, and the rainwater from the Chengxi Mountain and the Jianmen Mountain are all descending from the northwest and the southeast. The river flows through the stream and flows through the stream. Injected into the Qingjiang River water system and merged into the Jialing River. The water originating from Jianmen Mountain is Xihe, Wenxi River and Xiaojianxi. Xihe originates from the southwest of Wuzishan Watershed, and flows through Dongbao, Wulian, Zhengxing, Kaifeng, Yingshui, Ganba, Changling and other places in Jiange County. It flows through the Southern County and Langzhong City into the Jialing River. Wenxi River originates from the southeast of Wuzishan Watershed and flows through Jiadian River through Yandian, Beimiao, Pu’an and Wenxi to Jiangkou. The size of Jianxi is derived from the Black Mountain View of Jianmen Town and the North Pujiagou of Hanyang Town. The two streams merge into the Qingshui River from Jianmenkou to Dashigou. The Qingshui River flows into the Jialing River after the Zhangjia in Quhui Township.
The Jianmenguan Tourist Area of Jianmen Road in Guangyuan City consists of two adjacent scenic spots, Jianmenguan Scenic Area and Cuiyun Gallery Scenic Area. It is an important node of the Sichuan Jiuzhai Ring Road and the supporting center of the Shuozhou Three Kingdoms Cultural Tourism Route.
The main attractions of Jianmenguan Tourist Area in Jianmeng Road, Guangyuan City are: Jianmenguan, Jiange Road, Jianmen Guanlou, Jiange Pavilion, Qiufeng Peak, Xiaojianshan, Jianggongyu, Jiangwei Tomb, Deng Ai’s Tomb. , Zhonghui Base, Jinniu Road, Houguanmen, Shizhufeng, Liangshan Temple, Thunder Gorge, Cuiping Peak, Xianfengguan, Gujianxi Bridge, Zhigong Temple, etc.
Cuiyun Gallery is a green corridor composed of nearly 10,000 paved cypresses. The main attractions are Cooper King, Cypress, Tianqiaobai, Cypress Evergreen, Adoubai, Husband, Shuaibai, Zhangfeijing and Cuiyun Gallery. Zhang Feishi, Li Wei, Cui Yunlou and so on.
Located 15 kilometers south of Jiange County, Sichuan Province, it is located in the fault zone of the northern edge of the Sichuan Basin. The breakpoints of the Big and Xiaojian Mountains, the cliffs on both sides, the peaks like swords, and the two walls are like the door, so it is called “Jianmen”. It is one of China’s natural relationships and enjoys the reputation of “Jianmen Tianxia Insurance”, “The First Pass in the World” and “The Gateway to the World”. Zhuge Liang, the emperor of the Three Kingdoms, once built a 30-meter plank road here, setting up a guard, called “Jiange.” Li Bai, a poet of the Tang Dynasty, said, “The martyrdom is difficult,” said: “Jing Ge and Cui Wei, one husband is off, Wan Fu is not open.”
The important gate on the Jianmen Pass Road, the mountain range is more than 100 kilometers, with 72 peaks. In the deep valley of 500 meters long, the inscriptions such as “the world’s Xiongguan”, “the first pass” and “the seventy-two peaks of the sword pavilion” left by the predecessors.
The Cuiyun Gallery is a section of the ancient Shu Road. It is a section of the Jianmen Road that is known as the danger. Cuiyun Gallery is known as Jianzhou Lubai, also known as “Huangbai”, also known as “Zhangfeibai”. It is located in Jiange County of Guangyuan City, Sichuan Province and Qixian County of Mianyang City, with the part of Jiange County as the main part. It is distributed on the ancient ramps of the west, north and south lines centered on the historical and cultural name Jiange City, about 200 miles from the southeast to the middle, the southwest to the south, and the northeast to the Guangyuan Zhaohua. Beginning in the Qin and Han Dynasties, it is complete in the Ming Dynasty. It is an ancient street tree group that is artificially planted. It is known as the “soul soul” and “the treasure of the country”.
Cuiyun Gallery once had a spectacular scene of “three hundred miles of official roads, tens of millions of cypresses”, and more than 8,000 ancient cypresses. According to statistics, there are 12,351 strains of Coopers in Jianmen Road, 7886 in Jiange County, 496 in 梓潼, 144 in Zhaohua, 17 in Suizhong and 3808 in Nanjiang.
At the top of Dajian Mountain, it is located at the cliff of the Seventy-two Peaks of Jianmen, at an altitude of 1,180 meters, between the Taohua Peak and the Xiaoyao Peak. Liangshan was the land of Emperor Wu of the Emperor of Liang, so the ancient temple Liangshan Temple and Liangwu Emperor were built on the mountain.
Liangshan Temple is facing south, and the three golden lights of the “Liangshan Temple” are suspended in the middle of the mountain gate. In addition to the Daxiong Treasure Hall, the temple also has Guanyin Temple, Tibetan Classical Building and Qiangfang, Zhaitang, and Tea House.
Liu Bei’s customs
Located in Kongming Liguan like South. After Liu Bei was in Chengdu, he established Jiane County in the 22nd year (217 years), and belonged to Jianmenguan. He strengthened the defense of Jiange, and took the Jiange to the center of Chengdu. It has become a whole, guaranteeing the safety and smooth flow from Chengdu to the shackles, wearing the sword pavilion and the white water, to the Yanggeguan and Hanzhong in Jianxian County, Shaanxi Province, and creating the future for Zhuge Liangshan and Jiangbo. The conditions laid the foundation. According to relevant information, Liu Bei went to Jianmenguan four times before the emperor, and Liu Bei, who was described in the 65th remarks of the Romance of the Three Kingdoms, was on his way to Chengdu, and returned to Meng Meng to see Zhang Feihe. Ma Chao killed a total of six times.
Red Star Plaza
Including the Red Army to capture the Jianmenguan Monument, the Red Army to attack the Jianmenguan Memorial Hall, the general sculpture and stone slogans and other attractions. On the square stood a bronze statue of two generals, Xu Xiangqian and Wang Shusheng. The memorial consists of a revolutionary artifact left by the Red Army in the Sword Court and a battle scene to watch the Red Army attack the Jianmen Pass. On the right side of the gate of the memorial hall is the artistic wall of the Jianmen fighting, and the front of the art wall is the road map of the Red Fourth Army.
Glass landscape platform
The suspended glass landscape platform is located on the main peak of Dajian Mountain, the highest point of Jianmenguan Scenic Area. The elevation of the platform is 1163.800 meters, and the cantilevered part adopts steel structure. The main landscape platform has a suspended span of 25 mm and the platform surface layer is made of high-strength multi-layer. With glass paving, the thickness of the glass is about 6 cm, the platform is about 150 meters high from the bottom of the cliff, the width of the bridge deck is 3 meters, and the bridge spans about 20 meters.
Development and construction
In April 2010, the Jianmen Guanguan Building, which collapsed during the “5.12” Wenchuan Earthquake, lasted for 14 months. The gate was moved to the left by nearly 100 meters. It was reopened to the position of the Jianmen Gate in the Ming Dynasty. The total investment of the Jianmenguan Scenic Area Reconstruction Project is 550 million yuan.
In 2011, the Jianmen County Government implemented the renovation and expansion project of the Cuiyun Corridor Scenic Area, completed the construction of the tourist center, parking lot, walking trails and tourist facilities. The tour route of the scenic spot increased from the previous 800 meters to 3800 meters, and the scenic area The increase is nearly 5 times, and the total investment of the project is 35 million yuan. Cuiyun Gallery Scenic Area has updated various types of signage signs and trash cans, added 30 meters of rest facilities and installed monitoring system. In the same year, Jianmenguan Scenic Area Development and Construction Management Committee was adjusted to Jianmenguan Scenic Area Administration, responsible for the operation and management of scenic spots.
In July 2015, Sichuan Province invested 690 million yuan to upgrade and renovate the software and hardware facilities in the scenic spot.
In 1982, Jianmenguan Scenic Area became the first batch of national key scenic spots announced by the State Council.
In 1992, Jianmenguan Scenic Area was approved as a national forest park.
In 2006, the Jianmenguan Tourist Area of Jianmen Road in Guangyuan City was approved as the sixth batch of national key cultural relics protection units, and it is one of the 100 red tourism classic scenic spots identified by the state.
In December 2006, Cuiyun Gallery was established as a national AAAA-level tourist attraction.
In May 2010, the Jianmen Shu Road Scenic Area was included in the National Natural and Cultural Heritage List.
In September 2010, the Jianmen Scenic Area was rated as a national AAAA-level tourist attraction.
In 2010, the Jianmen Scenic Area was awarded the core scenic spot of the National Natural and Cultural Double Heritage Jianmen Road and the Sichuan Provincial Geopark.
In April 2011, Jianmenguan was awarded the title of “China’s Excellent Tourism Destination recommended by the Ambassador to China to the world”.
In October 2012, Guangyuan Section of Jinniu Road in the Golden Road was selected as the “China World Cultural Heritage Preparation List”.
At the beginning of June 2013, after the on-site guidance of experts from the Sichuan Provincial Tourism Administration, Guangyuan City decided to take the first 4A-level scenic spots of Jianmenguan and Cuiyun Corridor as the national 5A-level tourist attractions.
In July 2015, the Jianmenguan Tourist Area of Jianmen Road in Guangyuan City, Sichuan Province met the requirements of the national 5A-level tourist scenic spot and was approved as a national AAAAA-level tourist scenic spot.
In May 2016, Jianmenguan and Cuiyun Gallery in Jianmen Road was promoted as the most beautiful Chinese cultural and cultural heritage.
Scenic spot tickets
Jianmen Guanguan Building Scenic Area: 55.00 yuan.
Liangshan Temple Scenic Area: 45.00 yuan.
Cuiyun Gallery Scenic Area: 50.00 yuan.
Jianmen Pass Ticket Pass (Guanlou Scenic Area + Liangshan Temple Scenic Spot): 100.00 yuan.
Package (Jianmenguan Scenic Area + Cuiyun Gallery): 150.00 yuan.
The scenic climate is mild and the four seasons are distinct. It is suitable for tourism throughout the year, with March-October being the best tourist season.
Opening hours: 8:00 – 18:00.
The Beijing-Kunming Expressway, Baocheng Railway and Xicheng High-speed Railway pass through the area. The Lanhai Expressway and Lancang Railway pass by and are only 21 kilometers away from Guangyuan Airport.
Guangyuan is about 40 kilometers away from Jianmenguan. You can take the CMB at Guangyuan North Bus Station (fare 12 yuan/person);
From Jianmenguan to Cuiyun Corridor, there is CMB (fare 3 yuan/person), and Cuiyun Gallery to Jiange County also has CMB (fare 6 yuan/person).
Guangyuan is 65 kilometers away from the Jiange, and the long-distance bus station has a shuttle bus to the Jiange. The journey takes about 2 hours and the fare is about 15 yuan. If you are from Jiange County, you can take the tour bus to Jianmenguan.