Jianglang Mountain·Nianbadu Scenic Area

Jianglang Mountain·Nianbadu Scenic Area

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Geographic location:Jiangshan City, Cangzhou City, Zhejiang Province

Level:AAAAA

Nearby attractions:Fugai Mountain, Jianglang Mountain

Suitable for the play season:Suitable for all seasons

Ba Badu Town, located in Jiangshan, Zhejiang Province, is a famous historical and cultural town, a writer base for Zhejiang writers. It is located at the junction of Zhejiang and Fujian provinces. It is an important market town in the border area. It is known as the “Fengxi Key” and is known as the expert. This is a “cultural enclave”, which scholars call “a dream left in the mountains.”

In 2007, Yuba was listed as a famous historical and cultural town in China; in 2008, it was named the hometown of Chinese folk culture and art (Songs).

On February 25, 2017, it was newly promoted as a national 5A tourist attraction.

Jianglang Mountain·Nianbadu Scenic Area

Geographic location

Ba Badu Town is located at the border of Zhejiang and Fujian provinces, with convenient transportation and 205 National Road passing through the town. The town has an area of ​​66.7 square kilometers and a population of 10,876. Compared with famous ancient towns such as Zhouzhuang, Tongli and Wuzhen, it is still hidden in the mountains. It has a completely different style from those of the ancient towns in the south of the Yangtze River, and even has some mystery. More than 1100 years ago, Huang Chao swayed down the south and opened a Xianxia ancient road in the mountains between Zhejiang and Fujian. From then on, the eight dynasties that were surrounded by arches and mountains were the places where the soldiers of the dynasties camped. The millennium road, which was originally mainly a military function, gradually became a business travel route in the Qing Dynasty. The vessels on the Qiantang River were loaded with cloth and daily necessities from Jiang and Zhejiang to the Qinghu Wharf of Jiangshan, and then transferred to the land. The shoulders of the porter’s shoulders are picked and smashed. The native products from the hustle and bustle will also be shipped to Qinghu for shipment to Jinhuo and Shanghai. As the first stop of transit of goods in the past, Yuba is a must-have transportation hub and has quickly become the most prosperous commercial port on the border of the three provinces. In its heyday, the shops and restaurants of the commercial shops were covered with the whole cobblestone paved streets. The day-to-day shoulders, the night breaks merchants, and the south to the north every day, bustling, rich and lively for hundreds of years.

There are many well-preserved ancient buildings in the Ming and Qing Dynasties in the township, which are provincial-level historical and cultural reserves. In 2007, Yuba was listed as a famous historical and cultural town in China; in 2008, it was named the hometown of Chinese folk culture and art (Songs). The rich and colorful human landscape, the simple and rich folk customs, and the unique and rich cultural accumulation make the simple and elegant Qiangdu Town look strange in the encirclement of modern civilization. Many experts and scholars and famous people from both inside and outside the province have been to the Eighth Capital, and they are full of praise for the ancient architecture here, which is considered to be of great historical protection and tourism development value.

Jianglang Mountain·Nianbadu Scenic Area

Introduction to scenic area

It is an ancient town with a distance of 70 kilometers from the county seat of Jiangshan City. The town has more than 800 households with more than 4,000 people. In the fourth year of Xi Ning in the Northern Song Dynasty (1071), Jiangshan was set up forty-four. It is ranked No. 8 in this place. It has been named as the Eight-Eight Capital and has a history of more than 900 years. Due to the lack of war in history, the ancient buildings in the town are still in the same style and are well preserved. According to statistics, there are 36 ancient buildings and halls in the Ming and Qing Dynasties with complete and large-scale buildings. The public buildings include Confucius Temple, Dawang Temple, Wenchang Pavilion, Wanshou Palace, Zhenwu Zhou, Zhongyi Temple, Guanyin Pavilion, Laojiamen, Xinxingshe, etc. 11 buildings. Among the many temples, temples, palaces and temples, the Dawang Temple is the largest, and the Confucius Temple is the most magnificent. Confucius Temple was built in Xuantong Period and covers an area of ​​more than 1,500 square meters. The overall layout along the central axis is the three-in-three patios, the main entrance, the front hall, the patio, the main hall, the patio and the dormitory. In terms of structure, the Ming Dynasty is a beam-lifting type, and the side is a bucket-type. The main hall is a two-story double-stayed hilltop pavilion, which is very tall and majestic. The building is characterized by exquisite wood carving art and rich paintings. All the beams, urns, ridges and ceilings are painted with landscapes, characters and dragons, phoenixes, flowers, birds and other paintings, geometric figures and beef legs. Wood components such as fins, window sashes, and sashes are all embossed or hollowed out. The subject matter is rich and the image is extremely vivid. It is like a treasure house of art.

At the entrance of Zhennan Village, there is a semi-circular single-hole stone arch bridge across the Fengxi River. There are nine bridge pavilions on the bridge, and the middle is the top of the mountain. It was built in the 17th year of the Guangxu reign (1891) and is the only ancient bridge in the west of Zhejiang with an ancient bridge pavilion.

The ancient houses in the town are not only numerous, but also well preserved, and its architectural style is very different from that of other houses. The layout is different from the topography, the environment, and the roadway. The basic structure of the dwellings is a flat rectangular courtyard house, two into one patio, and three halls with two patios. The halls in the rooms are self-contained. The patterns on the doors and windows are rare. The houses are all stone structures. Rarely seen in brick carvings, mostly composed of exquisite wood carving components, the pavilion-style four-column and third-floor form, unique style.

In the old town, there are four gates in the east, west, south and north. Today, there is only one side of the town’s stone door. The book has “Fengxi Lock Key”. A street runs in parallel with the creek and is 1 km long from north to south. Both sides are mostly two-story shop workshops, which basically maintain the style of the 19th century market town.

The buildings of Ba Badu Town are built on both sides of the ancient road and are up to 1 km long. The north is Yuli Street, which is mainly residential; the south is Fengxi Street, which is mainly based on business. The ancient town was in its peak in the Qing Dynasty, with more than 50 Guangfanpu hotels and more than 40 wholesalers of North and South grocery. More striking, however, is the public buildings such as bridges, temples, and pavilions. Shui On Bridge, a bridge across the Maple Creek, in the morning mist and the sunset, showing different sides, actually murdered us a lot of film. The people who worked for a day and the tired and tired children rested in the covered bridge, adding a little bit to the beauty. Fengxi Bridge is a typical stone arch bridge structure, which constitutes a faint and lyrical Chinese painting with the surrounding Mercury Temple. The rest of the original name such as Huaqiao is only empty, and the structure of the original bridge no longer exists.

The Great King Temple in the sunset is the most beautiful. There are golden rice fields in front of the pavement. After the blue sky and blue sky as a barrier, the powder wall and the tile are shining in the sunlight, which makes me daze to turn around and overlook the town of Ba Ba Du, he lies In the embrace of the Xianxia Mountains, the smoke from the roofs scattered in the evening glow.

There are two Wenchang Pavilions in size, Dawenchang Pavilion in the town of Beitou, and Xiaowenchang Pavilion in the south of the town. The grandeur and sophistication of the two buildings is unmatched in the local area. Wenchang Pavilion is generally only available in the county, and is dedicated to Wenchangdi and Kuixing. Although all of them are relying on business to get rich, they still can’t get rid of the complex of “learning and being good”. Their wishes and dreams have already flown out of the mountains and flew to distant Kyoto. At the same time, they also left more than 300 paintings in the Liang, Chang, and algae wells of Dawenchang Pavilion, using “cantilever thorns” and “clothing back to the countryside” to inspire future generations.

The big towns in the ancient town are Cao, Jiang, Yang and Jin. They lived around the clan and still have 36 complete ancient residential buildings. Standing on the old street, the most distinctive feature is the threshold of every household. Most of the thresholds are pavilion-style, with four pillars and three floors consisting of beams, gongs, gongs, observation panels and vertical curtains. Each part has fine wood carvings, and the subject matter is mostly mascots such as Fu Lu Shou, He He Er Xian. This wooden threshold has a sharp contrast with the brick-and-mortem gates in other parts of the south of the Yangtze River, making people walk on this old street, all attracted by this scenery. Looking at this emblem-style horse head wall, the ridge of the Zhejiang style, the squatting raft, the squatting earthen wall, the richness of its connotation is enough to make the architects marvel.

Jianglang Mountain·Nianbadu Scenic Area

Eight ancient capitals

Many people are wondering how this ancient town is called “Eight Eight”. Of course, it did not call this name before, and it was called “Taocheng” in ancient times. During the Song Dynasty, the capital was set up below the township. Jiangshan was set up forty-four, and Daocheng was twenty-eight, and the name has been followed since then. In Jiangshan City, the names of Sidu, Badu, Qiqidu and Qiji are still preserved.

Jianglang Mountain·Nianbadu Scenic Area

“Hundred family names”

Due to the danger of the terrain, it is easy to defend and difficult to attack. The Hanwu Emperor feared that once the rebellion was difficult to clean up, the local villagers would be taken to other places and become a place where “there are no traces of people and no lanes.” Since the end of the Tang Dynasty, the Huangchao Uprising Army has spent two years opening up the Xianxia Ancient Road. After getting through the traffic of the three provinces, it is not only a military rush. It’s just a day from Zhejiang, or from Zhejiang, and it’s just a day when it’s over. The service industry of business travel has prospered. When the Qing Dynasty was unified for a long time, and the four sides were closely guarded, it was rarely affected by the war, and the business flourished. At the peak, there were thousands of flats carrying goods every day. Foreign merchants, miscellaneous husbands, fallen defeated soldiers, retired officers and men, have settled here. Yuba is actually the only immigrant ancient town that has found more than one hundred surnames. Large family members have a genealogy and know where their ancestors came from.

Jianglang Mountain·Nianbadu Scenic Area

“Four big families”

The “four big families” of Cao, Yang, Jiang and Jin in the town were famous at the end of the Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China. Caojia mainly manages the field and opens the South goods store and cloth shop; Yang family manages from Zhushan to papermaking, and later turns into a north-south cargo transaction; Jiang family from the operation of oil materials to the opening of the cloth; Jinjia from business to Mainly based on rent collection and farming. The vast majority of the 36 ancient buildings protected by the ancient town are the houses of the “four big families”.

Jianglang Mountain·Nianbadu Scenic Area

Nine dialects

The residents of Yubadu are mainly based on immigrants from all over the country, and naturally bring local dialects. The nine different dialects of Zhejiang, Fujian, Weibei, and Huizhou are mainly preserved. The dialects of small areas are only common to a few households. Very strange. Yubadu became the land of Xianxiaguan and Fengling Guanshou Army. At most, there were more than 1,500 horsemen, no less than the residents at that time. So many people and civilians from all over the world live in the town, and the language is inconvenient. In the Manchu military camp, it is not allowed to speak in tongues and force the implementation of so-called Mandarin. The defenders also forced the local residents to use the Manchu Mandarin in the Eighths of the Eighth. The merchants also took the initiative to learn the Mandarin in order to greet this big client, but they all brought a bit of a southward tone. It is said that when the young people in the town participated in the assembly of the volunteers in Dandong, they found that the local dialect was the same as the dialect of the hometown. In fact, the official language of Manchu has an external accent, and the official language of the Eight Diagrams is derived from the lingua franca of the defending army. It’s no surprise that why all of them are talking about Mandarin. However, the local language of the local residents, such as Jiangshan, is still preserved, and they will never be assimilated by the forced Manchurian official.

The unique customs of the North and the South, the customs and habits of the Eighth Old Street blended with the folk customs of various places. After several hundred years of mutual assimilation and sublation, they formed distinctive characteristics. For example, weddings and funerals, relatives and friends come to congratulate the meal, each owner only receives a few yuan of gift money, more than one yuan must be returned. When the girl is married, she must hang the pig’s leg from the man’s door and insert a knife to symbolize the marriage relationship. Folk songs, paper-cuts, puppets, stilts, carols, dragon lanterns, lion dances, dry boats, and other traditional North and South cultures are very popular here. Because the ancient officers and men are from the north and southwest, some folk games also carry traces of recreational activities in the northern ice movement or Yunguichuan.

Jianglang Mountain·Nianbadu Scenic Area

Art and craft

Building

The ancient town’s architectural complex is large in scale and unique in style. Ancient and elegant, it shows the style of the ancient town. Its color is elegant and simple, the wood carving technique is exquisite, the plane layout is ingenious, the temple is painted and expressive, showing the prosperity of the natural economy of the 19th century market town…

Jianglang Mountain·Nianbadu Scenic Area

Sculpture

The carvings in the ancient town are called superb art, and the crafts that have been handed down for thousands of years are so fascinating. Exquisite carving art is like solid music. Such music is everywhere in the world, like a treasure house of folk art, and has spent hundreds of years in this place.

Jianglang Mountain·Nianbadu Scenic Area

Gatehouse

The most distinctive feature of the house is the handling of the big station and the gate building. The inward-looking spatial layout of the house makes the exterior a tall wall. In the village landscape, the individual of the house disappears. To highlight the characteristics of the house from the long, tall wall, only the entrance door is deliberately treated. Reflecting the social status and wealth of the family to achieve psychological satisfaction. On both sides of the long street, there are towering doors and door faces, forming a rich and rhythmic streetscape. The gatehouses are mostly pavilion-style. The beams, plaques, plaques, plaques, plaques and sacred lotus columns form the fourth column and the third floor. The upper slabs are covered with slabs, the horns are upturned, and the carvings are fine, especially the diagonal braces. The skill of the technique is more than that of the famous Dongyang woodcarving.

Jianglang Mountain·Nianbadu Scenic Area

Mural

The murals are a unique landscape that the ancient town has shown in front of the world. It is full of praise. The rich color paintings are very distinctive. All the beams, dragonflies, dragonflies and algae wells are painted figures, flowers, landscapes, birds and beasts…

Jianglang Mountain·Nianbadu Scenic Area

Door trim

That is, the decoration on the door of the ancient building, etc., exquisite craftsmanship, unique style…

Jianglang Mountain·Nianbadu Scenic Area

Horse head wall

The Ma Tau Wall is one of the most expressive places in the Ba Dha Dang. It cascades with the slope of the roof. In the same way, two or three times, each layer is made of short blue ridges and ridges on the wall, and the green tiles on the ridges are arranged upright. The lower sides of the ridge are short corrugated, dripping water from the ditch head, and everything is available. This layered gable is locally called {Sanhua Gable} or {Five Flower Gable}. The most important practical function of this type of gable wall is the fire protection, so as to avoid a fire, squatting and neighboring houses, so it is also called {封火强} or {风火墙}. At the end of the horse head wall, the wall is picked up by brick stacks. This pile of parts is called the hoe, which is also the focus of the exterior decoration of the house. It is often decorated with various auspicious patterns and floral ornaments.

Jianglang Mountain·Nianbadu Scenic Area

Grate window

The pattern of the window and the window on the window is very rich, and there is little repetition and similarity between the houses. It can be seen that the craftsman’s rich imagination is a strong sense of competition…

Jianglang Mountain·Nianbadu Scenic Area

Ancient furniture

Furniture is also a kind of history, a kind of culture. These ancient furnitures of various eras and various styles, which are usually seen in the Eight Diagrams, seem to be telling the glory and glory that once existed.

Jianglang Mountain·Nianbadu Scenic Area

Cultural heritage

Located in the southwestern end of Jiangshan City, the city is located 60 kilometers southwest of the city. It is located in the junction of the three provinces of Zhejiang, Fujian and Guizhou, and the hinterland of the Xianxialing Mountains. The famous Xianxia ancient road passes through the town, and the four sides are connected to the arch. It has always been a battleground for the military. The eight villages are different from the villages with the same family name and the same family. They rise in the garrison and flourish in business exchanges. During the heyday, the industry flourished, merchants gathered, and the borders of the three provinces were rich.

The ancient town still retains 2 traditional ancient streets, 36 ancient houses, 2 Confucian temples, 14 temples, 10 landscapes, 4 major families, 13 dialects, 142 surnames; folk songs, folk dances, dry boats, lanterns, Paper-cuts, puppets, folk songs, folk songs, folktales, and folklore are prevalent in the town, and are known as “cultural enclaves” and “a dream left in the mountains.”

It is an ancient important town representing the ancient buildings and districts of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in southwestern Zhejiang. It is a typical living specimen of traditional villages and towns in Jiangnan, with a long history, completeness of preservation, historical value and value of architectural art. High, can be considered to be the first-rate in Zhejiang Province, even in the country, it should occupy a considerable position. ”

The famous writer Wang Zhecheng said: “I don’t know where in the ancient town of Jiangnan, there is a place like a group of eight, all the whole street, the entire street alley, preserved such intact Ming and Qing ancient buildings.”

In 2007, Yuba was listed as a national historical and cultural town. In 2008, it was named the hometown of Chinese folk culture and art (Songs). At the same time, the implementation of Fengxi coastal landscape reconstruction, tourism route pavement reconstruction, Yuli Street house lowering and façade renovation, Dongyue Palace and other seven nodes landscape improvement, 13 exhibition hall exhibitions, North Entrance Plaza and Visitor Center Construction projects such as construction have been basically completed so far.

Qibadu Town is located at the southwestern end of Jiangshan City, Zhejiang Province, at the junction of Zhejiang, Fujian and Guizhou provinces, 60 kilometers away from Jiangshan City. It borders Pucheng County of Fujian Province in the south, Guangfeng County in Jiangxi Province in the west, Baoding Township in Jiangshan City in the north, and Shuangxikou Township in the east. The area of the jurisdiction is 186.5 square kilometers. Jurisdiction over 9 administrative villages, 130 natural villages, 143 villager groups, 3674 households, 12335 people. The town party committee has 9 village party branches, 3 departmental party branches, 1 enterprise party branch, and 1 farmhouse association party branch, with a total of 511 party members. In 2012, the town achieved a total production value of 228.35 million yuan, local fiscal revenue of 1.25 million yuan, fixed assets investment of 65.1 million yuan, and farmers’ per capita net income of 8943 yuan.

Jianglang Mountain·Nianbadu Scenic Area

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