Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

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Geographic location:Huicheng Central District, Huizhou City, Southeast of Guangdong Province

Level:AAAAA

Famous scenery:Five lakes, six bridges, eight scenes

Opening hours: 08:00-18:00

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area is located in the central area of Huicheng City, Huizhou City, southeast of Guangdong Province. It consists of West Lake and Honghua Lake Scenic Area, with a total area of 20.91 square kilometers, of which the water area is 3.13 square kilometers.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area is a national-level scenic spot featuring landscape and leisure and sightseeing. It has five lakes, six bridges and eight scenic spots. On May 17, 2002, the State Council approved the Huizhou West Lake as the fourth batch of national key scenic spots. In January 2003, Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area was rated as a 4A-level tourist area.

On October 22, 2009, Xiangyun hangs on the list (Gaobangshan), Yuta Weiwei (Weizhou Tower), West Lake Sushang (Dongpo Park·Sudi), Fengqi Xiaogan (Fengyu Garden), Bihu Shuxiang (Feng Attractions such as Lake College) and Liu Dan Dian Cui (Dian Cuizhou) were selected as “Top Ten Places of Interest in Huizhou”.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Historical evolution

In 1912, Ye Ju was stationed in Huizhou, and sent a secretary to Li Chunfang to Wuhu, and the Chengxi Lake was a waterway.
In 1916, the West Lake Manager Bureau, the site of Cangsheng Temple, mainly managed the landscaping work of the West Lake and Lake District.
In 1917, the board of directors was formed and the West Lake Management Bureau was changed to the West Lake Organizing Committee.
On January 16, 1931, the Huizhou West Lake Administration was established. There are two lessons. In September 1931, the West Lake Authority was ordered to change to the West Lake Management Committee due to excessive funding.
In 1937, the West Lake Organizing Committee was established.
In 1956, the West Lake Management Committee Leading Group was established.
In April 1958, the West Lake Management Committee was changed to the West Lake Construction Committee. The subordinate units have a garden management team and a fish farming professional team. It began to clean up 230 acres of water in the Xihu area, and measured the water surface of the Wuhu Lake to be 2,500 acres (about 1.67 square kilometers).
In 1960, the West Lake Construction Committee was changed to the West Lake Management Committee of Huizhou Town.
In 1964, Huizhou Town West Lake Management Committee was changed to Huizhou West Lake Management Committee.
In the first half of 1968, the Revolutionary Committee of the West Lake Management Office was established.
In 1969, the Revolutionary Committee of the West Lake Management Office was cancelled and the second team of Huizhou Engineering Construction was established.
In 1971, the second team of Huizhou City Engineering and Construction was cancelled, and the Huizhou Freshwater Farm Revolutionary Committee was established. There are three grassroots units including the garden management team, the fish pond and the big fish management team.
In September 1972, the Huizhou West Lake Management Committee was restored. There were garden management teams, fish ponds, and large fish maintenance teams. Later, the West Lake Travel Agency, the nursery field, the stone field, and the greening team were added.
The Huizhou City Landscape Administration was established in March 1979, and the name of the former West Lake Management Committee was retained (ie, a set of two brands).
In March 1982, the Landscape Administration and the West Lake Management Committee were abolished and the Huizhou West Lake Construction Committee was established.
In February 1986, the West Lake Construction Committee was abolished, and the Huizhou City Landscape Administration and the West Lake Scenic Area Administration (two brands of a team) were established, which belonged to the Huizhou Construction Committee System.
In May 1988, the original Huiyang area was changed to Huizhou City. The original Huizhou City was changed to Huicheng District. The former Huizhou City Landscape Administration and the West Lake Scenic Area Administration were placed under the jurisdiction of Huizhou City (subordinated to the sub-level system).
On May 17, 2002, the State Council approved the Huizhou West Lake as the fourth batch of national key scenic spots.
In January 2003, Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area was rated as a national AAAA-level tourist attraction.
On October 17, 2018, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism announced that it will meet the national 5A-level tourist scenic spot standards and propose to be publicized for the national 5A-level tourist attractions. Among them, Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area is listed.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Geographical environment

Location horizon

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area is located in the central area of Huicheng City, Huizhou City, southeast of Guangdong Province, with a total area of 20.91 square kilometers, of which the water area is 3.13 square kilometers. The center position is between 114°19′40′′—114°24′00′′ east longitude and 23°02′40′′−23°06′35′′ north latitude.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Landform

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area is a low hilly valley, and the northwest Honghualing Scenic Area is undulating, but the mountain is gentle, with an altitude of 50-80 meters. The highest peak is Gaobang Mountain, 227 meters above sea level.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Climate

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area is a subtropical maritime monsoon climate with an average temperature of 19.5 °C to 22.5 °C and an average annual rainfall of 1,731 mm.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Natural resources

Plant resources

As of 2004, Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area has 117 species of phytoplankton, 68 genus, including 76 species of Chlorophyta, accounting for 64.95%; 12 species of diatoms, accounting for 10.26%; 11 species of cyanobacteria, accounting for 9.40%; There are 9 species of Euglena, 6 species of Dinoflagellate, and 1 species of Jincaomen, Huangzao and Chongqin.

As of 2006, there are 48 families and 127 species of woody plants in the scenic spots of West Lake in Huizhou. Among them, there are 6 families and 8 species of gymnosperms such as cycads and Araucaria. There are 42 families and 118 species of angiosperms such as Bailan, Mixiao, and lotus magnolia. Chongyangmu and Poinsettia There are 103 species of 40 species in the dicotyledonous plants such as the Chinese rose, and 15 species of monocotyledonous plants such as fake betel nut, thorny sunflower, Dawang coconut, brown bamboo, and golden bamboo.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Animal resources

As of 2004, Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area has fish, squid, tilapia, squid, squid, squid and other fish and rotifers, copepods, and hornbeam zooplankton.

As of 2014, there are more than 30 species of birds such as Great Egret, Little Egret, Heron, Cattle Egret, Kingfisher, and Long-tailed Leafhopper in Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area, with more than 10,000 birds. In addition to the common sparrows, egrets, and spotted owls, new species such as bitter birds and small toads have been discovered.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Scenic spots

Fenghu

Fenghu is a general term for Huizhou West Lake during the Northern Song Dynasty. Later, Pinghu District refers to the waters that form the Wuhu Lake, south of Pinghu Lake, north of Nanhu Lake and related mountainous boundaries. The total area is 0.9 square kilometers and the lake area is 0.29 square kilometers. The west edge of the lake is called Xiaohuangtang. The lake has Chengongdi, which was created by the Northern Song Dynasty. There is a Mingsheng Bridge lying across it and connected with the city. The east edge of the lake faces the city, there are several miles of deep houses in the lake, and the lake is open. It is bordered by Nanhu Lake and separated from Sudi by the north.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Crocodile lake

Crocodile Lake is located in the northwest of Pinghu Lake, the winter solstice Yanxia dike, west to Xincun Guanbang Bridge, south to Fengshan, north to Baihe Hanshu, with an area of about 0.4 square kilometers. It includes Xiaoxincun Mountain, Ziwei Mountain, Fengshan and so on. Crocodile Lake is the only lake named after animals in the West Lake Five Lakes. It is said that there were crocodiles in the early years. Although the name of the Crocodile Lake is still there, it has long since disappeared.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Pinghu

Pinghu is located in the north of the West Lake. There is Gongbei Bridge in the north and Dongjiang River in the north. There are Sudi in the north and Pinghu and Fenghu as the boundary; in the west to Gushan and Zhungege; in the northwest to Taohuaxi, the east is connected to the urban area. The lake has a circumference of 3.6 kilometers and an area of about 1.063 square kilometers, of which the water area is 0.57 square kilometers.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Linghu

Linghu Lake is located in Pinghu North, with an area of about 0.6 square kilometers and a lake area of about 0.26 square kilometers. The largest source of water in the West Lake, Hengyu River, is injected into Linghu Lake from the northwest of Youlong Mountain. Tourists rafted up to the lake, the lake and the valley twist, to Du Tian, the radius.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

South lake

Nanhu has a large area in the past and is connected to Fenghu. Since ancient times, hills and continents have been interlaced. The lake area is north to Yuantong Bridge, Yizhong area, East Pillow Changshou Road, West Ring Feiling Ridge, with an area of about 0.37 square kilometers; of which the lake area is 0.17 square kilometers.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Gongbei Bridge

Gongbei Bridge is the second bridge among the six famous bridges of the West Lake, located between Pinghu and Dongjiang. The Northern Song Dynasty Huizhou Taishou Chen was created when the embankment was built around the lake, and it was built in the past. The original function is to discharge water into the Dongjiang River through the bridge when the lake is full, and the rear bridge surface is also open to traffic. Due to the surrounding mountains surrounded by Huizhou, the west lake in the city is full of rain, and the water conservancy is very poor. The bridge plays the role of flood discharge and arching the West Lake on the north bank of the West Lake, so it is called Gongbei Bridge.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Xixinqiao

Located on the Sudi, Xixin Bridge is the first of the six famous bridges in the West Lake. Both Su Di and Xi Xin Qiao were funded by Su Dongpo and built in the second year of Song Zhaosheng (1095). Therefore, Xixin Bridge is also called “Su Gong Bridge”. At that time, the bridge was made of stone salt wood (teak), which was as strong as a stone. There were nine flying buildings on the bridge. He has been rebuilt several times. The current bridge was built after the construction in 1983.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Yuantong Bridge

Yuantong Bridge is the sixth bridge among the six famous bridges in the West Lake. Ming Zhengde was founded in Ganzhou, the prefect of Huizhou, and the Nanhu Lake and Fenghu Lake were used as the boundary. After the founding of New China, it was built twice in 1969 and 1983. In addition to the original old bridge, a new bridge was built on the east side of the lake, and the old bridge was combined into a double-passenger bridge.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Yanxia Bridge

The Yanxia Bridge is opposite to the Crocodile Island. When Su Dongpo was in Huizhou, he opened a release pool in the Crocodile Lake and repaired the Yanxia Dyke. At that time, no bridge was built on the embankment. The Yanxia Bridge was built by the descendants on the embankment. It was first recorded in the middle of the Ming Dynasty. Now the bridge was rebuilt in 1992. The Yanxia Bridge is the third bridge in the Sixth Bridge of the West Lake. Together with Yongfu Temple, it has formed one of the eight scenic spots of the West Lake.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Yingxian Bridge

Yingxian Bridge is a passage connecting Fanghuazhou and Yuanmiaoguan. It was built in the Song Dynasty and was abandoned in the Qing Dynasty. It is the fourth bridge among the six famous bridges of the West Lake. It was rebuilt in 1986. According to legend, he went to Yuanmiao to pick up the gods and welcome the fairy, but he was willing to become a heart, so he was named Yingxian Bridge.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Mingsheng Bridge

Mingsheng Bridge, also known as Huangtang Bridge, is the fifth bridge among the six famous bridges of the West Lake in Chengongdi. It was built for the Northern Song Dynasty Taishou Chen when the embankment was built. At that time, it was Shimen Wood Bridge, Minghui Prefecture Taishou Lijiu changed to stone. Bridge, the Republic of China has changed the bridge hole to a high-passenger yacht. After the founding of the People’s Republic It is now a concrete bridge that can be opened to traffic and can be transported by ship.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Dongpo Garden

Dongpo Park covers an area of 32,000 square meters. Among them, the Dongpo Memorial Hall and the Chaoyun Tomb are located in Gushan. In the park, there are scenic spots such as Pavilion, Cup Wine Pavilion, Guishui Pavilion, Xiaoyan Wuweixuan, Jingxian Temple, Xiangyiju, etc., and Dongpo poetry stone carvings are set up on the front of the pavilion for appreciation and appreciation. Six sculptures, such as Dongpo Ju Shi and Fu Zuo, show the life of Dongpo.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Fenghu College

Fenghu Academy was built on the west bank of Fenghu, and the Southern Song Dynasty Huizhou Taishou Liu Kegang was founded. Huizhou Office Education began in the Sui Dynasty, and the “Sui Shu” has a record of keeping the school in Liu Dan, “changing its wind.” The Fenghu Academy has a history of eternal, Ming and Qing dynasties. It has been relocated to the present site since the reign of Emperor Kangxi. For more than 750 years, it has been the most important institution in Huizhou, leaving many celebrities. Reconstructed into a comprehensive garden in 2009, it has become an important part of the contemporary West Lake scenery, with the “Bihu Scholars” selected into the ten scenic spots of Goose City.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Lake heart pavilion

Huxin Pavilion is located on the Fenghu Lake in the West Lake. Because the pavilion is built in the heart of the lake, it is surrounded by water, hence the name. In the sixty-first year of Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty (1722), it was initiated by the county governor Wu Hao, and the Huicheng civil and military officials donated the velvet. The pavilion is hexagonal, stone-wood structure, covered with green tiles, 3.5 meters high. In the pavilion, Su Di is expected to lie on the lake, and the jade tower stands on the top of the Xishan Mountain.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Fei Geling

Feiyueling is located between the South Lake and Fenghu Lake in Xihu Lake. It is named after the mountain-like flying goose lying in the West Lake and Feng Er Lake. The top of the mountain can be seen from the west lake, enjoying the scenery of the lake and the mountains. It is the famous scenic spot of the West Lake. The Feigeling is also the fortress of Huicheng South. It is a battleground for the military. In the “Xinhai Revolution Huizhou Guangfu” and “National Revolutionary Army twice The memorial sites were left in the history of the “Zheng” and “Anti-Japanese War”.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Pinghumen

West Lake East Gate, because it is in the Pinghu District of the Five Lakes, Huizhou people are also called Pinghumen. The archway of Dongmen was built in 2001. It is an antique archway. The words “Huizhou West Lake” on the front are Liao Chengzhi’s ink treasures, and the words “Shan Shui Xiu” on the back are the words of Su Dongpo.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Nanmen Park

Located on the south bank of the West Lake and adjacent to the South Lake, Nanmen Park is a newly built West Lake Nanhu Gate Park. It covers an area of 10,000 square meters and has lotus ponds and rockeries. It has a statue of Dongpo Spring to commemorate its spring water in the Song Dynasty. The contribution to the common people. The lake area is a demonstration area for aquatic plants, and there is a new scene “Nanting Tourmaline”.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Hanging pavilion

Hangbang Pavilion is located at the top of Gaobang Mountain in Honghua Lake Scenic Area, with a planned land area of 6,000 square meters. The foundation was laid on April 8, 2008, officially started in January 2009, and opened on February 21, 2010. The building is 7 stories high and 39.99 meters high, with a building area of 4,600 square meters. It is decorated with official style, granite wall, black glazed tile, and the main building has a golden wind chime. Gao Bangshan was originally named as a listed mountain, and it was taken from the title of the gold medal and the top of the high school. The construction of the Hanging Pavilion is mainly to highlight the concept of Huizhou’s Chongwen virtue and gratitude and inspiration. On the second floor, the Confucius image from Confucius in Shandong and the miniature landscape model of Confucius Temple and the map of Confucius were placed. The third floor was set up with a large screen, and the front of the inscription was written by the master of Chinese studies, Rao Zongyi, and the fourth floor was used. The performance hall; five-store exhibition of famous paintings and sculptures and sculpture art treasures, as well as the new humanistic new scene of the Hangbang Pavilion – Huizhou Qing Dynasty ancient city model; the sixth floor can enjoy the cityscape of Huizhou and the beautiful landscape of Honghua Lake; The seven floors are used for collections, including the books of Siku Quanshu and Mr. Rao Zongyi.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Three halls

The three halls are located at the foot of Gaobang Mountain in the North Square of Gaobangshan. They were opened in April 2009. There are 3 antique buildings on the square, one main house and two side rooms, which are used as teahouses. They have both good and good tea for sale, and also provide a good place for the public to drink tea.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Hometown

The hometown is located in the center of Honghua Lake Scenic Area. It is backed by Gaobang Mountain and faces the Honghua Lake. It is a combination of commemoration, leisure and tourism. The park was started in December 2007 and was completed in April 2008. It covers an area of 32,000 square meters and is divided into entrance area, memorial square area and Yushibei area. On September 27, 2008, a memorial service to commemorate the 100th anniversary of Comrade Liao Chengzhi’s birth was held in the hometown garden, and the spiritual bone of Comrade Liao Chengzhi was moved from the Beijing Babaoshan Revolutionary Cemetery to the hometown cemetery. In the memorial plaza area of the township, there is a bronze statue of Liao Chengzhi. The two black diamond granite monuments are engraved with the Chairman of the Chinese Buddhist Association, Mr. Zhao Puchu, in 1983, “Liao Chengzhi, Vice Chairman of the Poetry” and “Comrade Huai Chengzhi” .

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Yongfu Temple

Yongfu Temple was built in the Tang Dynasty during the Tang Dynasty. It is one of the oldest and most famous temples in Huizhou West Lake. The old West Lake ancient scenery of “Wild Temple Smoke” has been flourishing in the past dynasties. The temple site was originally built in the south of Fengshan Mountain in the West Lake. It was built on the lake and destroyed in the war. In December 2000, Yichang Temple was rebuilt, and it is located in the Honghua Lake Scenic Area under the Gaobang Mountain. It covers an area of 56,400 square meters and has a construction area of 7,328 square meters. It was opened on December 11, 2011. The reconstruction design of the new Yongfu Temple originated from the picture of the No. 17 Grottoes in the Dunhuang Grottoes.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Zhapu Fengqing

The northern part of Zhangpu Fengqing Scenic Spot is based on the concept of “Zhangpu Fengqing” historical monument. It has the Lingnan style of Fengfengxuan, Qingguangxuan, Xiaoshen Pavilion, Yuxiang Pavilion, Zhaoyue Pavilion, Yuelu, Lingtai, etc. In the southern part of the country, with the theme of “Commemorating Mr. Deng Zhongyuan’s patriotism education”, there are garden essays such as Deng Dengshanzhuang, Zhongyuan Pavilion, General Guard Gallery, and Deng Zhongyuan’s historical materials showroom.

Huizhou West Lake Scenic Area

Travel Information

Bus

To the East Gate of West Lake: You can take the 2, 5, 7, 8, 10, 11, 13, 15, 17, 18, 19, 21, 24, 25, 41, 209 or sightseeing line 1 Pinghumen Station.
To Fengqi Garden: You can take the 17, 29, 202, 208, 369 or K2 Road to the Chinese Medicine Hospital.
To Honghua Lake: Take the 4, 14, 19, 23, 36 roads at Honghua Lake Station.
To the three halls: Take the 4th and 14th roads of the West Lake Grand Theatre and walk to the opposite side to reach the three halls. Take the 29, 36, 202, 208, 369 road city government station and walk about 500 meters to reach the three halls.

Civil aviation

Airport: Huizhou Pingtan Airport is about 25 kilometers away from the West Lake. It was reopened at the end of 2009 and used by military and civilians. Shenzhen Baoan International Airport is about 110 kilometers away from Huizhou West Lake. Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport is about 150 kilometers away from Huizhou West Lake.

Train

Huizhou Station: Located at No. 57 Huizhou Avenue, you can take the bus to West Lake after exiting the station, or transfer to the West Lake East Station at Xiaojinkou Station.

West Lake East Station: Located at the T-junction of Huancheng West Road and Tangwei Street, it will be the Huizhou West Lake Scenic Spot after exiting the station.

Ticket information

In 2005, the West Lake Scenic Area cancelled the main entrance fee and implemented some major scenic spots. The ticketing attractions are: Pazhou Tower, Gushan Su Trail, Dian Cuizhou, and 5 yuan for each attraction;
Children’s fare is: 1.2 meters (including 1.2 meters) below free; 1.2 – 1.5 meters (including 1.5 meters) half tickets; 1.5 meters or more full votes;
Primary and secondary school students enjoy half-price concessions with student ID cards;
Free with military service card and press card

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