Geographic location:Linyi District, Xi’an City, Shaanxi Province
Heritage level:The fourth batch of national key cultural relics protection units
Ticket price:120 yuan / person · times
Tang Huaqing Palace is the palace of the Tang Dynasty’s feudal emperors. Later, it is also called “Hua Qingchi”, located in Linyi District, Xi’an City, Shaanxi Province. Including the original Lushan National Forest Park, and the Summer Palace, Yuanmingyuan, Chengde Mountain Resort and the four royal gardens of China.
Huaqing Palace is built on the back of the mountain, and it is built on the foothills of the mountain. The scale is grand and the building is magnificent. The first name was “Tangquan Palace” and later renamed the Hot Spring Palace. Tang Xuanzong changed the Qing Palace, because it was in Lushan Mountain, also known as Lushan Palace, also known as the Gong Palace and the Xiuling Palace. Huaqing Palace was built in the early Tang Dynasty and flourished after Tang Xuanzong was in power. Tang Xuanzong carefully managed to build such a grand palace, and he will travel to this place almost every October. At the beginning of the year, he still has Chang’an. After the Anshi rebellion, the political situation changed suddenly, and the tourism of Huaqing Palace quickly declined. After the Tang Dynasty, the emperors of the Tang Dynasty rarely traveled to Huaqing Palace. After the royal era, there was maintenance. Before the liberation, it was the fall of the Tangchi and the palace was sparse. Huaqing Pool, after the liberation of the People’s Government, has carried out a large-scale expansion since 1959.
Since October 1, 2018, Huaqing Palace has implemented the ticket price of 120 yuan/person·time.
Huaqing Palace is a palace of the Tang Dynasty’s feudal emperors. It is built on the back of the mountain and is built on the mountain of the peak. The scale is grand and the building is magnificent. The hall of the building is located all over the mountain.
Huaqing Palace was built in the early Tang Dynasty and flourished after Tang Xuanzong was in power. Tang Xuanzong carefully managed to build such a grand palace, and he will travel to this place almost every October. At the beginning of the year, he still has Chang’an. Therefore, there is a famous phrase “The Son of Heaven comes on October 1st, and the Qingdao Yu Road has no dust.” According to Qing Emperor Qianlong’s “Linyi County”, from the second year of Kaiyuan (714) to the 14th year of Tianbao (755), he traveled to Huaqing Palace 36 times, sometimes two years, and his micro-line could not be counted. Fortunately, the scale of the tour is very large. “Thousands of thousands of flags are used in the wilderness, and Yunxia grass and wood are shining.” “Eight eleven cars ride, there is a feast for the feast.” It is equivalent to moving the government office of Chang’an to Lushan, and even forming a new city centered on Huaqing Palace. After the Anshi chaos, the political situation changed suddenly, and Tang Xuanzong finally fell from the throne of the emperor. The tourism of the Huaqing Palace quickly declined. After the Tang Dynasty, the emperors of the Tang Dynasty rarely traveled to the Huaqing Palace.
During the Tianfu period of the Jin dynasty, the ruined Huaqing Palace was given to the Taoist priests. In the Song Dynasty, “the temple hall, the temple is Maocao”, the building is very broken. The Song people can only rely on the remains of the Huaqing Palace to “publish the Forbidden City map to the stone”, so that later generations can know the prosperity of the Huaqing Palace in the Tang Dynasty. Before the second year of Emperor Yuanshi (1261), Zhao Zhigu and others organized folk forces. They had renovated Huaqing Palace in 15 years, and built eight halls including Sanqing Hall, Chaoyuan and Chongming Erge. Tangchi, such as Jiulong and Furong (according to Qianlong’s “Linyi County”). Later, it gradually became depressed. In the forty-two years of the Qing Emperor Kangxi (1702), he also rebuilt Huaqing Pool (formerly Huaqing Palace) during the winter tour in November. He once worked in the hot springs. During the Republic of China, there were several renovations. However, the ancient buildings preserved in Huaqing and Lushan were about the pattern preserved after the reconstruction in the early Qing Dynasty. Before the liberation, it was the fall of the Tangchi, the palace was sparse, and the scene was ruined.
Since the liberation, the People’s Government has carried out a large-scale expansion since 1959. It has opened up ponds, repaired temples, built hotels, opened gardens, and made the ancient Huaqing Palace rejuvenate and become a place for people to enjoy.
From the literature records and actual investigations in the wild, it is generally known that the scope of Huaqing Palace is: the first peak of Xixiuling Mountain in the south to the west of the mountain (that is, Zhouyihutai), and the northern part of the county. East to Shijie Valley (Sigou). West to the Peony Gully on the west side of the railway sanatorium. Miyagi (that is, Luocheng), south to Shangen, north to the south of the county town, east to Dongyao Village, west to the swimming pool. In 1967, Xinhua Bookstore built a business building in the northwest corner of Nanshi, and found the wall base of the northern wall of Miyagi built with bluestone. In the spring of 1981, the urban construction unit found the same north wall base in the north of the T-shaped road in West Street. In the winter of 1982, on the hillside south of Sigou Village, two sections of the Dongpu Wall were discovered. From the investigation and excavation of the relics and literatures, the architectural layout of Huaqing Palace is rigorous, twists and turns, and the scale is grand. Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty built the luxury palace with the people’s fat and anointing, for the pleasure of one’s own life. However, once upon a time, “Yuyang Drums” shocked his dream. The Huaqing Palace Loudian Tangchi, gradually ruined, from the Song Dynasty to the Ming and Qing Dynasties, its original building has disappeared. Today, remembering its ruins is to show the culture of our nation and use it as a reference to establish a new era of scenic tourist areas for the masses to visit. The Huaqing Palace in the Tang Dynasty made full use of the favorable terrain, making it a rigorous and magnificent palace complex. The main temple is centered on hot springs and forms the core of Huaqing Palace. Then spread out to the mountains and the mountains, using the topographical features, layout pavilions of different types and uses, as well as Qingsong cypress, lychee garden, Furong Garden, Liyuan, Jiaoyuan, Dongyuan, etc., the entire Huaqing Palace makeup Dressed extraordinarily enchanting. The buildings of Huaqing Palace are surrounded by mountains and waters, and they are surrounded by sacred walls in addition to Miyagi (Luocheng). In addition to the wall, many buildings are listed. Qinglong’s “Linyi County” said: “Tangjing is famous, the temple is different, the beauty of the garden is not the human world.”
Dimiyao City: Eastern District, Central District, and Western District. Between the outside of Miyagi and the wall: west, north, east. Buildings outside the wall: West, North, East. The construction of the Shanggong Palace in Lushan: Xixiuling and Dongxiu Ling.
On August 6, 1956, when Shaanxi announced the first batch of cultural relics protection units, Huaqing Pool (Huaqing Palace) was listed as a provincial protection unit, and proposed to protect the Tang Han Bai Yu Laojun and the Beiwei Hot Spring Monument in Huaqing Pool. The Northern Wei Dynasty three Taoist stone carvings. Huaqing Palace site, the scope of the demarcation is: Linyi District (former county) city south Shizi to Beacon Tower, east to Sigou, west to Peony Gully. In November 1996, the site of Huaqing Palace was announced by the State Council as the fourth batch of national key cultural relics protection units (referred to as State IV).
No. 1 Relic: Found in 1956, located on the southern slope of the eastern railway sanatorium, see the lotus stud, the range is unknown.
Remains No. 2: Found in 1978, the location is at the third peak of Xixiuling Mountain in the west of the mountain. At 10 meters west of the old Laojun Temple, there are 2.5 meters thick on the cliff and 8 meters long in the north and south. There are a lot of sites in the site. Remnant brick tiles in the Tang Dynasty.
Remains No. 3: Discovered in 1979. The location is on the east side of Yingchunping, Lushan, about 100 meters north of the No. 2 relic. The building sits on the east side of the west, with a depth of 5 meters and a pile of 30 cm thick.
Remains of the ruins of the ruins: In the spring of 1967 and the spring of 1981, in the north of the Shizi Xinhua Bookstore in the county town and the north of the T-shaped road in the west street, the stone-clad east-west was found. According to its location, the wall should be the palace. The northern wall of the city.
Remnants of Yutang: In April 1982, when the Huaqing Pool was built, the base of the ancient building was discovered on the west side of the “Guiqianchi”. The archaeological team of the Provincial Cultural Management Association began to explore the evidence. It took more than three years to discover an area of about 4,000 square meters, and found a 17-meter-long, 5.1-meter-long Tang Dynasty serpentine water channel and four bluestone-built baths, as well as four hall bases. More than 30 meters long stone wall and two lotus steps, the total length of more than 400 meters of ceramic pipe, 50 meters long brick waterway and building materials. In July 1983, archaeologists excavated a thing that was 10.6 meters long in the north of the main source of hot springs, 6 meters wide and 1.5 meters deep in the north and south. The pool is shaped like a lotus petal. The bottom and the bottom of the pool are paved with bluestone. There are two floors in the pool. There are two circular nozzles in the south of the pool. According to historical records, the experts recorded the location, shape, scale of the Imperial Palace in Huaqing Palace and the base of the hall and the column foundation around the discovered bath. It is considered to be the Kowloon Temple Lotus Soup used by Emperor Xuanzong of Tang Dynasty. In October 1984, in the northwest of the lotus soup, a bath with the shape of a well-preserved jellyfish was excavated. It is 3.6 meters long from east to west, 2.9 meters wide from north to south, and 1.26 meters deep. It is made of bluestone and has two steps in the pool. There is a circular nozzle in the middle of the bottom. The workmanship is exquisite and the carving is fine. The experts think that it is the “Haicang Soup”, that is, the “Qianyu Pond” of Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty. In the southwest of the lotus soup, a rectangular bath with a length of 5 meters, a width of 2.7 meters wide and a depth of 1.2 meters, and a bluestone paved with bluestone was discovered. According to the literature, it should be “Taizi Tang”. According to the research, these ancient architectural remains are in complete agreement with the Shi Zhishu records. It is a relatively complete set of Tanghua Qing Palace architectural sites, and is also the center of Huaqing Palace. It is the main place for the activities of Tang Xuanzong and Guiyu. The period has been comprehensively arranged, and the Tang Dynasty system has been built, and the “Tang Hua Qing Gong Yu Tang Site Museum” has been built for visitors to visit.
The relics excavated and collected during the renovation, expansion and archaeological work after liberation are: brick, strip, square, blue brick and square lotus brick; tile, tile, slab; tile, lotus, tiger, disk Dragon pattern tile; there are phoenix drip, bluestone lotus column foundation, plain white jade pillar foundation, iron hook nail; and large and small caliber circular pottery channel, three color dragon head, white jade Laojun statue, white jade statue Wait.
On April 13, 2018, at the 2018 Northwest China Tourism Marketing Conference and Tourism Equipment Exhibition, it was ranked second in the “Magic Northwest 100 Scene”.