Geographic location:Huangshan City, Anhui Province
Famous scenery:Welcome Song
Suitable for the play season:Suitable for all seasons
Huangshan: World Cultural and Natural Double Heritage, World Geopark, National AAAAA-class tourist scenic spot, national-level scenic spot, national civilized scenic tourist area demonstration site, China’s top ten famous mountains, the world’s first Qishan.
Huangshan is located in Huangshan City, southern Anhui Province, with 72 peaks. The main peak of the Lotus Peak is 1864 meters above sea level. It is also known as the main peak of the three major Huangshan Mountains with Guangmingding and Tiandu Peak, one of the 36 peaks. Huangshan is the symbol of Anhui tourism and the only mountain scenery in China’s top ten scenic spots.
Huangshan was originally called “Lushan”, because the peak rock is black and black, and it looks at the sky. After the legend, Xuanyuan Huangdi used to be alchemy, so it was renamed “Huangshan.” Huangshan represents the landscape with “four unique waterfalls”, four musts: Qisong, strange rocks, Yunhai, hot springs; three waterfalls: Herringbone Waterfall, Baizhang Spring, Jiulong Waterfall. Huangshan Yingkesong is a symbol of the warm and friendly people of Anhui, carrying the oriental etiquette culture that embraces the world.
When Xu Xiake, a traveler of the Ming Dynasty, boarded the Huangshan Mountain, he praised: “The famous mountain inside and outside the thin sea is like the Huangshan Mountain of the Huizhou. It is not the mountain of Huangshan Mountain. There is no mountain in the world, and the scenery is stopped!” was later introduced by the descendants as “the return of Wuyue does not look at the mountains, and the return of Huangshan does not look.” Yue”.
In December 2017, it was selected as the first batch of national primary and middle school students’ practice education bases and camps. From September 28, 2018, the ticket price of Huangshan Scenic Area was adjusted from 230 yuan to 190 yuan.
Huangshan is located in the Huangshan District of Huangshan City in the southern part of Anhui Province (the scenic area is directly under the jurisdiction of the city), with a total area of about 1200 square kilometers. Among them, Huangshan Scenic Area covers an area of 160.6 square kilometers. It starts from the Yellow Lion in the east and reaches the Xiaoling foot in the west. Bridge, Nanda Tangkou Town, is divided into nine management areas: Hot Spring, Yungu, Yuping, Beihai, Songgu, Yuqiao, Fuxi, Yanghu and Fugu. The buffer area is 490.9 square kilometers, which is bounded by the administrative boundary between the five towns (the Tangkou Town, Tanjiaqiao Town, Sankou Town, Yucheng Town, Jiaocun Town and Yanghu Forest Farm) in the vicinity of the scenic spot.
Huangshan is located in the subtropical monsoon climate zone, located in the northern margin of the central subtropical zone, evergreen broad-leaved forest, and red soil yellow soil. Due to the high mountains and valleys, the climate changes vertically. At the same time, due to the large radiation difference between the north slope and the south slope, the local topography plays a leading role in its climate, forming a climate characterized by many clouds, high humidity and high precipitation. It is close to the maritime climate, no heat in summer, cold in winter, and cold in winter. The average temperature difference between the four seasons is only about 20 degrees Celsius. The highest temperature in summer is 27 degrees Celsius, the lowest temperature in winter is -22 degrees Celsius, the average annual temperature is 7.8 degrees Celsius, the average temperature in summer is 25 degrees Celsius, and the average temperature in winter is above 0 degrees Celsius. The average annual rainfall days is 183 days, mostly concentrated in April to June, and the annual precipitation on the mountain is 2395 mm. The southwesterly winds and the northwesterly winds have a relatively high frequency, and the average annual snowfall days is 49 days.
Huangshan experienced a long orogenic movement and crustal uplift, as well as glaciers and natural weathering, to form its unique peak forest structure. The peaks of Huangshan Mountain are numerous. There are seventy-two peaks known as the “36 big peaks, thirty-six small peaks”. The peak of the main peak lotus peak is as high as 1864.8 meters.
The Huangshan Mountain is mainly composed of Yanshanian granites. The vertical joints are developed, the erosion and cutting are strong, the fractures and fissures are criss-crossed, and the water is dissolved for a long time. The magnificent granite caves and tunnels are formed, making the Gorge Gorge, the pass everywhere, and the whole mountain. 30 in the ridge, 22 in the rock, 7 in the cave, and 2 in the gate.
The Quaternary glacial relics of Huangshan Mountain are mainly distributed in the southeastern part of Qianshan. The typical glacial landforms are: Kuzhuxi and Xiaoyao River are the “U” shaped valleys created by the glaciers moving; the eyebrows and the carp are two “V” shaped valley and ridged residual ridge; Tiandu Peak is the corner of the three sides of the ice bucket; the Baizhang Spring and the Herringbone Waterfall are glacial valleys formed by glacial valleys and glacial valleys; From the Xiaoyao River to the riverbed terraces such as Tangkou, Wuniguan and Huangshiyu, there are hailstones deposited by glaciers; the “Danjing” and “medicine 臼” used by Xuanyuan Huangdi Alchemy are also formed by glaciers. Hail.
There are more than 300 kinds of animal species in Huangshan Mountain, including 14 kinds of Chinese national protected wild animals such as sika deer, black pheasant, hairy deer, Sumen antelope and long-tailed pheasant. Among them, the national first-class protected animals are: clouded leopard, leopard, black scorpion, sika deer, white-necked long-tailed pheasant, and white pheasant. Among them, the national second-class protected animals are: beasts: Huangshan macaque, Huangshan macaque, pangolin, lynx, black bear, big civet, small civet, lynx, and sumen antelope. Birds: cockroach, white pheasant, spoon chicken, cockroach, red-bellied eagle, sparrow hawk, common mad, hairy mad, bird eagle, red dragonfly. Amphibian: Dollfish. Rare birds: brown noise, red-mouthed acacia, night eagle, three-treasure bird, white-breasted jade, swallow, thrush, yellow-waisted willow, dark green township.
The natural environment conditions of Huangshan Mountain are complex, the ecosystem is stable and balanced, the vertical zoning of plants is obvious, the community is intact, and there is also one alpine marsh and alpine meadow. It is a place of green plants, with a forest coverage rate of 56% and vegetation coverage. Up to 83%. There are 1452 species of wild plants in Huangshan Mountain. Among them, there are 4 kinds of protection of the first class of the country, 4 types of Ginkgo biloba, 8 types of protection, 10 species of Dendrobium and other 10 species are endangered species, 6 are China. Endemic species, two species of Huangshan, the first to be found in Huangshan or 28 species named Huangshan.
Hot spring resort
Huangshan Hot Spring Scenic Spot is known as Taoyuan Wonderland. The scenic spot radiates around the Lanxie Bridge. Taohuaxi and Xiaoyao River run through it. The hot spring is one of the five most famous mountains in Huangshan. It is called Tangquan and Zhushaquan. There are two outlets. According to Song Jingyou’s “Huangshan Tujing”, it is said that the ancestor of the Chinese nation, Xuanyuan Huangdi, used to bathe, wrinkle and eliminate, rejuvenate, and the hot springs became famous. Dazhen, known as “Lingquan”, is located in the south of Zishifeng, on the north bank of Tangquanxi, at an altitude of 650 meters. The average temperature of the main spring of the hot spring is 42.5 degrees Celsius, the temperature of the secondary spring is 41.1 degrees Celsius, and the temperature of the water is also related to the temperature. Changes in precipitation. The maximum flow rate of the hot springs in the original pool is 219.51 tons, and the minimum flow is 145.23 tons. The main attractions of the hot spring area are the Zizi Waterfall, Sandie Spring, Taohuaxi, Taohuatan, Mingxian Spring and Guan Waterfall.
Yuping Scenic Area
The Huangping Yuping Scenic Area is centered on the Yuping Building. The Lotus Peak and the Tiandu Peak are the main bodies. The front mountain, which is often referred to by people, refers to this scenic spot. Along the way, there are “Penglai Three Islands”, “Hundred Steps Ladder”, “One Line Heaven”, “New Line Day” and “Squid Cave”.
Yupinglou is located between Tiandu and Lotus. It is almost a gathering of Huangshan wonders. It is also known as the best place in Huangshan. The well-known Chinese and foreign welcoming guests stand on the left side of Yuping Building. There is a guest in front of the guest, Wenshutai, behind the building is Yupingfeng, the famous “Yuping Reclining Buddha” is at the top of the peak, head to the left and right, and it is wonderful.
Tiandu Peak is located in the south of Yuping Peak, one kilometer apart. It is the most dangerous of the three main peaks of Huangshan Mountain, with an altitude of 1830 meters. The road to heaven is extremely dangerous, but after the continuous development of the builders, the road to the summit is shocking. At the top of Tiandu Peak, there is a stone carving of “Climbing the Peak”, which makes people feel that “the sea is the shore, the mountain is the top of the mountain”.
Lianhua Peak, located in the north of Yupinglou, is the first peak of Huangshan Mountain. It is 1864.8 meters above sea level. It is steep and towering, and it is magnificent. It is like the first lotus flower, hence the name. It is about 1.5 kilometers from Lianhualing to the peak of the lotus. This road is called the lotus stalk. There are Feilong pine, inverted pine and other Huangshan Mingsong and Huangshan Rhododendron along the way. The lotus peak is the top prescription, and there is a fragrant sand well in the middle. When the sky is clear, you can look at Tianmu Mountain in the east, look at the mountain in the west, and look at Jiuhua Mountain in the north. After the rain, looking at the eight sides of the sea, more spectacular.
North Sea Area
Huangshan North Seaview Area is the hinterland of Huangshan Scenic Area. It is between Guangmingding and Shixinfeng, Shizifeng and Baigefeng. It is connected to Yungu Scenic Area in the east, Yuping Scenic Area in the south and Songgu Scenic Area in the north. It is an open area of high mountains with an altitude of 1,600 meters and an area of 1,316 hectares. The northern seascape area is a peak, with a collection of peaks, stones, urns, docks, taiwanese pines and clouds. It is characterized by greatness, wonder, danger and illusion. The wonderful layout of Tiangong, the color of the glass changes, forming a frame. The natural picture of Wei, Qi, illusion and danger is the scenic window of Huangshan. The Beihai group of peaks, Shimen Peak, Gongyang Mountain, are all peaks above 1800 meters above sea level, shaped like a barrier, separated from the north and south. At 1690 meters above sea level, the Lion Peak is lying in the east and west of the scenic spot. The Qingliang Terrace on the Lion Peak is the best place to watch the sea of clouds and sunrise.
Beihai is the main scenic spot and tourist reception area of Huangshan Mountain. The Beihai is located in the center of Huangshan Mountain. The four northwestern roads from the east, the west and the north are all connected to the North Sea. The Beihai has other tourist trails connected with various scenic spots to form a network. The Beihai will naturally become a scenic spot for people to gather.
Baiyun Scenic Area
Huangshan Baiyun Scenic Area is located in the west of Huangshan Mountain, covering an area of 1,655 hectares. It starts from the ancient bridge on the Yunmen River in the south, to Fu Niu Ling in the north, and from the Yunji and Shiren Erfeng to the Shuanghekou in the east. The scenic spot is centered on the fishing bridge, the fishing bridge is located under the Shiren Peak, the convergence of Baiyun and Baimen two streams, 610 meters above sea level, the fishing bridge is also known as the Baiyun Temple, the Ming Dynasty is the Taoist Temple, and the Qing Emperor Kangxi is changed to the Buddhist Temple. The name of the trailing edge is still used today.
Songgu Scenic Area
Huangshan is known as the “pre-mountain insurance, the back mountain show”, and the back mountain refers to the Songgu scenic spot in the north gate of Huangshan Mountain.
The Huangshan Songgu Scenic Area is located in the Songgu Scenic Area on the north slope of Huangshan Mountain. It is a combination of the valleys of the Lion Peak, Camel Peak, Book Box Peak and Pagoda Peak. Visitors arrive at the north gate of Huangshan Mountain – Taiping, choose to enter the mountain from Furongling in the north gate is the best way to visit.
Walking up the mountain from Furong Ridge, you need to climb more than 6,500 stone steps, the altitude difference is 1100 meters, all the way Qianfeng competes for the show, and the battle is wonderful. The famous stone name is especially good. The ancient buildings such as “Furongju” and “Songgu Zen Forest” in the valley add a mysterious color to this quiet valley.
The Songgu Cliffs are worth a visit. During the rainy season, visit this scenic spot, and there is a famous landscape of “Songgu Tingtao”. Visit Songgu Scenic Area to see famous peaks such as Furong Peak, Danxia Peak, Songlin Peak, Shuangsun Peak, Xianren Guanhai, Xianren Pao Road, Tiger, Yang, Guan Gong, Cao, Crouching Stone, and other strange stone, Emerald Pool, Five Longtan and other water features, such as Furongju and Songgu Chanlin.
Develop and use
During the Qin and Han Dynasties, there were written records of those who lived in Huangshan. Only Huiji Taishou Chen Ye “cleans the body and traces this mountain.” Until the Tang and Song Dynasties, Huangshan was gradually recognized by the world, and the temple view on the mountain was increasing. With the seclusion of celebrities and the introduction of religion, development and construction have also begun.
The period of religious development in the late Ming and early Qing
In the thirty-fourth year of the Wanli Period of the Ming Dynasty (1606), the Pumen Zen Master came to the mountain to create the Fahai Temple, and was expanded to be the “Cultivating the Country of Ciguang Temple.” After that, he built the Wenshu Monastery in front of Yuping Peak and built the Great Depression in Guangming. With the help of the monks Pan Zhiheng and others, Pumen took the road and built roads, and initially formed four roads from the hot spring to Tianhai, the north road from Songgu to Tianhai, the east road from Kuzhuxi to Beihai, and the west road from the suspension bridge to the hot spring. The simple mountaineering road has made the construction of the scenic spot centered on the “Four Great Jungles” of Cuiwei Temple, Xiangfu Temple, Ciguang Temple and Throwing Temple. Later, the monks of the Quartet came to the fore, set up the Mao in the mountain building, or participate in the painting of the dead light, or the search for Qifeng, which is the most prosperous period of the incense of the Huangshan Temple. After entering the Qing Dynasty, the trails and houses were mainly renovated, and there were not many constructions. By the end of the Qing Dynasty and the beginning of the Ming Dynasty, many temples were destroyed due to their incense and incredible years of disrepair.
Initial construction period of the Republic of China
In the 21st year of the Republic of China (1932), initiated by the Kuomintang veteran Xu Shiying, Zhang Zhizhong, Xu Jingren, and Liu Zhenhua, the president of the Anhui Provincial Government, were invited to set up the Huangshan Construction Committee. In April of the Republic of China, the Huangshan Construction Committee was established. In November, the Huangshan Construction Committee pushed Xu Shiying as the standing committee member. On January 10, 24, the first committee meeting of Huangshan Construction Committee was officially held in Nanjing. Standing Committee members Xu Shiying, Zhang Zhizhong, Liu Yuyan, Xu Jingren and other members attended the meeting. The Huangshan Construction Committee consists of three offices in Huangshan, Shanghai and Tunxi and three information offices (communication offices) in Nanjing, Wuhu and Hangzhou. It has opened the Tangkou-Shaoyao Ting Highway, built Yungu Temple to Beihai Shijie Road, and started to drill the heavens. In April of the Republic of China, the Huangshan Administration was established and was attached to the Anhui Provincial Government. In the 36th year of the Republic of China, Li Pinxian, the chairman of the Anhui Provincial Government, once again reported to the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Executive Yuan to further clarify the jurisdiction of Huangshan.
The period of restoration in the early days of the founding
On April 27, 1949, Huangshan was liberated. In June, the Weinan Administrative Office sent a staff member to take over Huangshan. In July, the Huangshan People’s Management Office was established to establish a departmental level. In the spring of 1954, the East China Military and Political Committee, the Anhui Provincial Committee of the Communist Party of China, and the People’s Government of Anhui Province, Zeng Shan, Shu Tong, Zeng Xisheng, Niu Shucai, Huang Yan and other leading mountaineering plans, began to build Huangshan. Between 1954 and 1956, the hiking trails were planned to be rehabilitated, and the Xiaoyao Pavilion was opened to the hot spring road. The Guan Waterfall Building, Huangshan Hotel, the hot spring swimming pool, and the Haimen Jingshe (now Yihai Building) were built. In 1958, Huangshan rebuilt the construction boom, and built a new Beihai Hotel, a new hot spring building, a refining jade pavilion, and a fish watching pavilion. In January 1963, the Huangshan Scenic Area Forest Protection Work Conference was held, and the mountain area of the scenic area was again demarcated: the Huangshan Shengjing Square in the east of the Kuzhu River, the Tangkou Highway Bridge in the south, the Lixitan in the west and the auxiliary village in the north. During the “Cultural Revolution”, all work in Huangshan was basically stopped.
The period of rapid development of reform and opening up
In October 1979, the Huangshan Administration of Anhui Province was established and Huangshan could be officially opened to the public. Shortly after the establishment of the Huangshan Administration, the preparation of the master plan was started. In May 1980, the People’s Government of Anhui Province established the Huangshan Planning Leading Group. The following year, the Department of Architecture of Tsinghua University was officially entrusted to compile the Master Plan of Huangshan Scenic Area. In January 1982, the master plan was completed. In July 1988, it was reported to the State Council in principle and the Ministry of Construction approved the implementation. Afterwards, detailed plans for the six scenic spots of Hot Spring, Yungu, Beihai, Songgu, Yuping and Yuqiao were successively completed, and detailed planning for the three sections of Xihai, Taohuaxi and Songlinfeng to Buxianqiao was completed. Then, we built three passenger ropeways in Yungu, Yuping and Taiping, and repaired and reconstructed Wenci (hot spring to Ciguangge), Wenyun (hot spring to Yungu Temple) and Tangwen (Tangkou to Hot Spring) highways, opening up Tiandu Xindao, Danxia Road, Lotus Cycle Road, West Sea Grand Canyon Tour, the three-dimensional transportation network is basically formed. Newly built, renovated and expanded Taoyuan Hotel, Paiyunlou Hotel, Baiyun Hotel, Shilin Hotel, Yupinglou Hotel, Beihai Hotel and Xihai Hotel, etc., the tourism reception capacity and grades have improved significantly. Construction of Xihai, Yungu Temple, Tianhai, Yupinglou, Wuliqiao and other reservoirs (reservoirs) with a total storage capacity of 450,000 cubic meters. In particular, the Wuliqiao New Erku and the integrated water pumping project completed in 2002 have greatly alleviated the contradiction between forest fire prevention and tourism and domestic water use in the dry season. The Beihai 35 kV and the hot spring 35 kV power transmission and transformation project have been built successively, and the power supply capacity and stability have been significantly improved. Facilities such as post and telecommunications, telecommunications and cable TV have been continuously strengthened, and the cable laying has reached 185 kilometers, which basically covers the coverage of the mobile network.
In 1982, it was listed as the first batch of national key scenic spots by the State Council;
In 1986, it was selected for inclusion in China’s top ten scenic spots;
In 1990, it was listed by UNESCO as a “World Heritage” list;
In 1992, it was awarded the title of “National Advanced Scenic Spot” by the Ministry of Construction;
In 1998, it was awarded the title of “Advanced Unit for World Heritage Protection” by the National Commission for UNESCO of China;
In 1998, it was awarded the “Advanced Unit of World Heritage Protection Management” by the UNESCO China Committee, the State Administration of Cultural Heritage and the Ministry of Construction.
In 1998, it was awarded the title of “National Civilized Scenic Spot Demonstration Point” by the Central Civilization Office, the Ministry of Construction and the National Tourism Administration;
In November 1999, he was awarded the “Melina Mehruri International Honor Award for World Cultural Landscape Protection and Management” by UNESCO (three in the world and one in Huangshan in Asia);
In December 2000, through the “AAAAA” level tourist scenic spot (point) quality rating of the National Tourism Administration, in the same year, it was awarded “Advanced Unit of National Scenic Spots” by the Ministry of Construction;
In December 2001, it was officially named “National Geopark” by the Ministry of Land and Resources;
In February 2004, it was named “World Geopark” by UNESCO under the first score of the total score;
In May 2007, Huangshan Scenic Area was awarded the first batch of national 5A-level tourist scenic spots.
In September 2017, the company won the honor of “National Social Security Comprehensive Management Advanced Collective” and was awarded the “Changan Cup” for the first time.
In December 2017, it was selected as the first batch of national primary and middle school students’ practice education bases and camps.
The line runs through Huangshan City and has direct access to Beijing, Shanghai, Qingdao, Nanjing, Hefei, Jingdezhen, Nanchang, Xiamen, Yingtan and Fuzhou. Visitors enter and leave Huangshan from the south gate of Huangshan Mountain, and the trains in Tunxi are the most convenient and fast. Visitors from the north to and from Huangshan can take the bus to Wuhu, Nanjing and other cities, and then take the train to the destination. Huangshan Railway Station is located at Qianyuan North Road, Tunxi District. There is a car in front of the station to the foot of Huangshan Mountain (Tangkou).
Huangshan has convenient transportation and is connected to Shanghai, Hangzhou, Nanjing, Hefei, Jiuhuashan and Jingdezhen. The Huihang Expressway has shortened the mileage of Huangshan to Hangzhou by 4 hours. Hefei–Tongling–Jiuhua–Huangshan Expressway, Huangshan–Jingdezhen Expressway, and the Huangshan Expressway have all been opened to traffic, forming an important transportation link for Huangshan in the future. Huangshan Bus Station is on Huangshan East Road near the railway station.
Huangshan Scenic Area Bus Station is located in Tangkou Town on National Highway 205. It is 64 kilometers away from Huangshan City (Changxi) Bus Station, more than one hour drive from Tangkou to Ciguang Pavilion or Yungu Temple (ie two Shangshankou). Also need to sit in the CMB. In addition, from Huangshan Scenic Area Bus Station (Tangkou), there are also direct flights to Shanghai, Nanjing, Zhenjiang, Yangzhou, Wuxi, Suzhou, Hangzhou, Huzhou, Hefei, Huainan, Handan, Maanshan, Wuhu, Anqing, Tongling, Jiuhuashan, Long-distance bus from Jixian, Jingdezhen and Jiujiang.
From January 1st, 2018, Huangshan Scenic Area issued the “Measures for the Management of Camping Camps”, strictly controlling the total amount of camping tents and strengthening management. The “Measures” stipulate that the total number of tents approved in Huangshan Scenic Spot is 900, and the tent construction area shall be uniformly defined, and the self-prepared tents shall be given priority. Among the designated construction areas, the business-operated tents are usually no more than half, and no more than one-third during the holiday period.
From January 1st, 2018, Huangshan City implemented the “Measures for the Implementation of the Regulations on the Management of Huangshan Scenic Spots in Huangshan City”. The scenic spot will start to implement paid compensation in 2018, and enter the untapped privately or illegally. In an open area, if you are in a distressed or dangerous state, the tourist or the friend who is seeking help will be responsible for the rescue expenses by the organizer of the tourism activity and the person being rescued.
Scenic spot regulations
On November 8, 2018, the Administrative Committee of Huangshan Scenic Area recently issued and implemented the “Measures for the Management of Tourism and Civilized Behavior Records of Huangshan Scenic Spot” to record and manage the tourist behavior of tourists in the form of “red and black list”. Among them, the tourists will enjoy the preferential treatment of Huangshan Scenic Spot tickets within a certain period of time, and the “Black List” will be announced as “the unpopular person of Huangshan Scenic Spot” in the scenic government website within a certain period of time.