Geographic location:Zhenning County, Anshun City, Guizhou Province
Famous scenery:Baling River Bridge
Suitable for the play season:Best from June to October
Huangguoshu Waterfall, the Huangguoshu Waterfall. The ancient name Baishuihe Waterfall, also known as the “Huanggeshu” Waterfall or the “Yellow Tree” Waterfall, was named after the local distribution of “Huang Ge榕”. It is located in Zhenning Buyi and Miao Autonomous County, Anshun City, Guizhou Province, China. It belongs to the Baishui River section of the lower reaches of the Kebu River, a tributary of the Beipan River tributary of the Nanpan River, a tributary of the Xijiang River in the Pearl River system. It is the largest waterfall in the Huangguoshu Waterfall Group. It is one of the world famous waterfalls. Known for its vast water potential. The height of the waterfall is 77.8 meters, of which the main waterfall is 67 meters high; the waterfall is 101 meters wide, and the main waterfall is 83.3 meters wide. Huangguoshu Waterfall is a typical waterfall of erosion and karst in karst landforms.
Huangguoshu Waterfall became famous as Xu Xiake, a traveler of the Ming Dynasty. It has become a famous attraction after traveling and spreading by famous celebrities.
Huangguoshu Waterfall is located in the upper reaches of Baishui River in Zhenning Buyi and Miao Autonomous County of Anshun City, Guizhou Province, 45 kilometers southwest of Anshun City, within the town of Zhenning Buyi and Miao Autonomous County, and 150 kilometers northeast of Guiyang, the capital of Guizhou Province. It belongs to the middle and subtropical zone. It is a typical lava zone with mild climate and abundant rainfall. The annual rainfall is above 1300 mm. The rainwater is concentrated in May-July. The average monthly rainfall is above 200 mm, especially in June. 300 mm, the amount of precipitation will gradually decrease in the next few months. December is the month with the least precipitation in the whole year. The average monthly precipitation is less than 20 mm, and the precipitation with precipitation for up to one month is about 15 times of the minimum monthly.
Huangguoshu Waterfall is located in the low-lying area of western Guizhou. It has low altitude and no frost all year round. The annual average temperature is about 14 °C. There is no cold in winter and no heat in summer. It is a summer resort. The coldest in January, the average temperature is 4.3 ° C, but the minimum temperature will rarely fall to zero; the hottest in July, the average temperature is 22 ° C, there will be no high temperature days.
The cause of the Huangguoshu Waterfall is traced back to the Middle Triassic more than 200 million years ago, when a large carbonate rock was deposited in the Huangguoshu area. The Huangguoshu Waterfall is developed in a set of “small layered cloud limestone in the middle thick layer of the second member of the Middle Triassic Guanzhongling”, located in the east wing of Wengzhai Small Anticline. The Baishui River in the formation of Huangguoshu Waterfall is a above-ground river that evolved between 100,000 and 500,000 years ago, and evolved from the “wide valley period” to the “canyon period” during the middle and late Pleistocene period of the Quaternary. Due to the intermittent rise of the crust during the “Himalayan Movement”, the river erosion basement surface is reduced, resulting in the erosion of the river, erosion and other undercutting effects, forming a “crack point” (the riverbed is lifted by the crust, the erosion datum is lowered and the structure is lowered). When the lithology and other factors influence the large turning point, the cracks, caves and dark rivers at this crack point are very developed. Baishuihe first formed a karst erosion-type crack-type waterfall, which was later affected by factors such as river erosion, dissolution, and lateral erosion during the intermittent rise of the crust and the late-Pleistocene warm and humid climate. Next, the top of the cave of the falling water cave gradually collapsed, and the Huangguoshu Waterfall finally appeared, and it has a history of 50,000 years.
Huangguoshu Waterfall is on the Baishui River section of the Dabang River Basin. When the river reaches from the north to the south, when the Huangguoshu arrives, a large longitudinal slope breaks out of the riverbed to form the Huangguoshu Waterfall. After the water flows through the waterfall, an approximately semicircular arc is circled westward. The chord is 500 meters long and protrudes 300 meters to the west. It reaches the screw beach head below the water scraping and restores the flow from north to south. The waterfall is 101 meters wide and 77.8 meters high. The waterfall plunges into the rhinoceros pool, and the water flows through the three beaches, the horseshoe beach, the pig dragon pool, the oil fish well, the pot bottom, the bay pond, and the water pond.
Xu Xiake describes the Huangguoshu Waterfall: “Through the gap in the south, the road is left and the creek is hanging, and the air is flying, the stone on the creek is covered with lotus leaves, and the middle of the raft is three doors. The water is covered by the top of the leaves. Outside the door of the hood, the person who goes straight can’t count, the bead collapses, the droplets rush, such as the smog, the situation is very strong; the so-called ‘bead curtain is not rolled, flying and hanging the peak’, not enough It is planned to be strong.” In the waterfall he saw, “there are several times the height of the people, and there is no such thing as a big one.” Since then, Huangguoshu Waterfall has gradually been regarded as the first waterfall in the country.
The flow of the waterfall river water has only a few flows of water, and at most it reaches more than 1000 flows. When the water is big, the waterfall splashes into the yellow fruit tree street of more than 100 meters high, and thunderous sound can be heard two or three times away. When the water is small, the river is still divided into 4 branches and spread over the entire rock wall without losing its “wide and large” momentum.
After the waterfall, there is a 134-meter water curtain hole that crosses the waterfall and consists of six holes, five holes, three holes and six passages. Watching the Great Falls from the Shuilian Cave is amazing. The water curtain hole under such a spectacular waterfall is rare in waterfalls all over the world. In front of the waterfall is a deep box-shaped karst canyon, left cliff, ancient wood forest; right is travertine slope, stalagmite mountain, grass and flowers, paved with sky; middle is rhinoceros pool, horseshoe pool…, Tantan connected , passed through. The rhinoceros pond is 17 meters deep, often covered with splashing beads, and the fog beads are empty; in the morning and afternoon, the sun is refracted and the rainbow rises. The predecessors have the reputation of “Xue Ying Chuan Xia”. Opposite the waterfall, there is a “viewing waterfall pavilion”, which is very quaint. There is a famous calligrapher of the Qing Dynasty, Yan Yanliang: “White water is like cotton, and there is no need to use the bow to scatter the flowers; the red glow is like a brocade, and it is necessary to create a woven day.” Dense, there is a twist to the river. The river bridge is connected to the “Water Curtain Cave”. The Huangguoshu Waterfall Hotel is built in the green trees not far from the lower reaches of the waterfall. The hotel building adopts the Buyi stone building style. The marble statue of Xu Xiake is built on the side of the waterfall.
The Huangguoshu Waterfall is a tributary of the Beipan River in the lower reaches of the Kebu River, a tributary of the Beipan River tributary of the Nanpan River, a tributary of the Xijiang River in the Pearl River system. The Kebu River, the tributary of the Nanpanjiang River in the Pearl River Basin, is a tributary of the north bank of the lower reaches of the northern Panjiang River, and is the western source (or tributary) of the Hejian River. It originated from Ertang, Liuzhi District, Guizhou Province, and flows to the southeast of Liuzhi District in the northeast. It passes through the Biandan Mountain to the Guijia River Estuary. It is called the Baishui River. The Huangguoshu Waterfall is here, and it flows southward and merges with the Dongyuan Wang Erhe. The river has a length of 48 kilometers and a rain collection area of 731.4 square kilometers with a drop of 339 meters and a estuary flow of 14.6 cubic meters per second.
The flow of water in the Huangguoshu Waterfall is generally maintained at 8-12 cubic meters per second. The maximum flow rate during the rainy season can reach 110-150 cubic meters per second. At a flow rate of 2-3 cubic meters per second, the Huangguoshu Waterfall can form a landscape, and the water of about 5 cubic meters of flow can not only show the beautiful side of the Huangguoshu Waterfall, but also the spectacular. Due to the decrease of upstream water volume, the Wang Erhe Reservoir will transfer water to the Huangguoshu Waterfall every year from the beginning of November to the end of April. The daily water transfer rate is not less than 5 cubic meters per second, which can guarantee the dry season of Huangguoshu Waterfall. The flow rate is maintained at more than 8 cubic meters per second. Even if there is another drought, the Huangguoshu Waterfall will remain beautiful and spectacular.
At 09:00 on June 4, 2018, according to the measured data of Huangguoshu Hydrological Monitoring Station of the Hydrology and Water Resources Bureau of Anshun City, Guizhou Province, due to the influence of heavy rainfall and upstream water, the flow of Huangguoshu Waterfall reached 290 cubic meters per second, which is the largest since entering the country. Hong Feng.
History and culture
In 1638 (Ming Chongzhen eleven years), on April 23, Xu Xiake, a geographer, traveler and essayist of the Ming Dynasty, visited the Huangguoshu Waterfall and investigated and recorded the Huangguoshu Waterfall. Later, the literati of the literati wrote a poem to praise the Huangguoshu Waterfall. In the late Ming Dynasty, “Tian Sancaizi” Xie Sanxiu’s poems have “the shadows of the air in the air, and the coldness of the sky is falling on the Milky Way”; Tian Wenxi, who served as the governor of Guizhou during the reign of Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty: “The waterfalls in the world are so strange, why are the white water river irrigation? In the rhinoceros pool, Yinhan is tilted three times and then down, and Yulong can drink and sip. Zheng Ziyin, a poet of the Qing Dynasty, used the “Kowloon Bath Buddha”, “Five Swords Wall”, “Beauty Milk” and “God Girl Wear” to describe the Huangguoshu Waterfall, saying: “White Water Falls is a strange place, accounting for the broken Zhongshan Cave.” Recently, many celebrities traveled to Huangguoshu to praise the poems of the Great Falls.
After the 1980s, a large number of Chinese and foreign celebrities visited Huangguoshu for inscriptions. Photographer Wu Yinxian’s inscription: “A sneak peek, awe-inspiring spectacle”; esthetician Wang Chaowen’s title: “Heaven is coming”; Guizhou female calligraphy master Xiao Yuu title: “Whitewater Wonders”; former vice chairman of the National People’s Congress Standing Committee Liao Hansheng Title: “Yellow fruit tree yellow, white water river white, yellow and white, heaven and earth”; national painter Wu Zuoren title: “Wonderland”; economist Yu Guangyuan title: “Huangguoshu Scenic Area since Xu Xiake came here, gradually known to the world There are still tourism resources near Huangguoshu to be developed. This is a landscape system that will occupy a higher status in the world. We should live up to the gifts of nature and work hard to contribute to the development of China’s economic and cultural undertakings; Song Renqian, the former vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, said: “Water curtain hole”; Chen Jing, a writer of the old red army of Guizhou, said: “Wei 哉 strong, wonderful and wonderful”; historian, former vice president of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Hu Shengti : “Climbing ancient vine Chitose pine, flying into the Bitan. The long rainbow falls into the Milky Way, and the group will be heavy under the group”; Artist Liu Haisuo: “The wonders of the world”, “Huangguoshu Hotel”, “Water curtain “The former State Councilor Gu Mu: “This is a natural large bonsai that integrates mountains, water, forests and caves. It is rare in China.” Professor D. C. Ford, the first vice chairman of the International Cave Association, said: “The water curtain hole is the world.” The most beautiful, have not seen such a good cave”; General Secretary Hu Jintao, President Jiang Zemin, General Secretary Hu Yaobang, Premier Zhu Rongji, Chairman Qiao Shi, Premier Wen Jiabao, Chairman Jia Qinglin, Vice Chairman Qian Weichang, Panchen Erde Vice Chairman of the Committee, Vice Chairman Peng Peiyun, Vice Chairman Lei Jieqiong, Vice Premier Qian Qichen and other party and state leaders have visited Huang Guoshu for inspection and tour. Poet Ai Qing: “Huangguoshu is very beautiful. Everyone comes to write poems for Huangguoshu!”
Huangguoshu Scenic Area
Huangguoshu Waterfall has a long history as a scenic spot. After the founding of New China, it was developed in Anshun City and Zhenning County of Guizhou Province. In 1982, it was included in the first batch of national key scenic spots.
Rhubarb fruit tree travel circle
Including Anshun’s unique and unique natural landscape and colorful ethnic folk culture, including Tianxing Bridge, Lang Palace, Longgong, Gegong River, Guanling National Paleontology and Geopark, Earth’s Great Crack – Huajiang Grand Canyon, Tianlong Tunbao, Cloud Fengbaobao, and a number of tourist ethnic villages, covering an area of more than 120 square kilometers.
Aviation: Anshun Huangguoshu Airport has been opened to traffic. The airport is located in the south of the city and six kilometers from the city center. It has opened routes to Beijing, Dalian, Qingdao and Kunming.
You can fly to Guiyang by plane and then transfer to Anshun. Guiyang Railway Station has the “Huangguoshu” tourist train, which travels daily to Guiyang City and Anshun City. In the vicinity of Guiyang Railway Station, there are buses and tourist air-conditioned buses to Huangguoshu and Anshun. Anshun City has buses to Huangguoshu Waterfall, Longgong and nearby scenic spots.
Railway: Through the Sichuan-Chongqing, Xiang-Yu, and Guizhou-Guizhou railways, Anshun is connected to various parts of the province, and trains from Beijing, Shanghai, Chongqing, and Guangzhou are all docked here. The Guikun Railway runs through Anshun. The special train “Huangguoshu” travels between Guiyang and Anshun daily. Anshun Railway Station is located on Nanhua Road, about 5 minutes from South Bus Station.
Highway: Guihuang Highway, Shanghai-Kunming Expressway, 302 National Highway, Shuihuang High-grade Highway, and Guanxing High-grade Highway can directly reach the scenic spot.