Geographic location:Lishui County, Hebei Province
Famous scenery:Baili Gorge, Juma River, Baicao, Yugudong
Hebei Baoding Yesanpo Scenic Area is located in Lianshui County, Baoding City, Hebei Province, at the intersection of Taihang Mountain and Yanshan Mountain. It is 100 kilometers away from Beijing, the capital of China, and 110 kilometers away from Beijing, with a total area of 498.5 square kilometers.
Hebei Sanding Scenic Area in Baoding is a national key scenic spot, a national AAAAA tourist area, a national forest park, and a national geological park. There are mainly Bailixia Natural Scenic Area, Juma River Scenic Area, Baicao Scenic Area, Yugudong Scenic Area, Longmen Tianguan Scenic Area, Jinhua Mountain Scenic Area, Lost Paradise Lavender Scenic Area and National Park.
Since its development and construction in 1986, the Yesanpo Scenic Area has always adhered to the principle of “scientific planning, unified management, strict protection, and sustainable use”, and has dedicated itself to creating domestic boutiques and internationally renowned scenic spots. Especially since the implementation of the second round of tourism in 2001, we have strictly followed the development ideas of “integration of infrastructure construction, refinement of scenic spots, innovation of management concept, high level of service, comprehensive law enforcement and strict market development and stability”. The company invested 415 million yuan to complete the upgrading of the Bailixia scenic spot, and developed new scenic spots such as Longmen Tianguan and Baicao, which basically improved the infrastructure with water, electricity, road and news as the key points, and further standardized the tourism market. Business order, reception capacity and reception level are increasing. In 2007, it received 1.78 million tourists, including 58,000 inbound tourists. The comprehensive tourism income was 350 million yuan, up 66.4%, 93% and 40% compared with 2006. With the rapid development of tourism, the popularity and reputation of Yesanpo Scenic Area has been rapidly improved. In 1988, it was approved by the State Council as a national key scenic spot; in 2001, the National Tourism Administration rated Yesipo Baili Gorge as a 4A-level tourism. In the same year, it was identified as the ecotourism demonstration zone by the China Environmental Protection Foundation; in January 2004, it was approved by the Ministry of Land and Resources as the National Geological Park, and in November it was approved by the State Forestry Administration as the National Forest Park; especially in the past three years, No.3 Slope further increased infrastructure construction, further optimized the scenic environment and improved the management level of scenic spots. In 2005, both Longmen Tianguan and Baicao Scenic Spots were rated as 4A-level tourist areas. In the same year, Hebei Provincial People’s Government awarded advanced units for fire protection. In January 2006, it was assessed by the Central Civilization Office, the Ministry of Construction, and the National Tourism Administration as an advanced unit for the creation of a civilized scenic tourist area in the country. In September, it was assessed as a World Geopark by UNESCO; in August 2007, it was recognized by Hebei Province. The Spiritual Civilization Construction Committee has been identified as a demonstration unit for “leading civilization and serving the Olympics”. In October, it was visited by the Hebei Provincial Tourism Administration. Hebei elected people’s favorite scenic charm, in November by the National Ministry of Construction as a national scenic area comprehensive improvement of outstanding units.
Hebei Sanding Scenic Area in Baoding is located at 38 degrees 39 minutes north latitude and E104 degrees 04 minutes east. It is located in Lianshui County, Hebei Province, at the intersection of Taihang Mountain and Yanshan Mountain. It is 100 kilometers away from Beijing and 110 kilometers away from Beijing. The area is 498.5 square kilometers.
The Yesanpo Scenic Area belongs to the middle mountain area, and the mountains in the territory are undulating. The general characteristics of the terrain are slowed from the northwest to the southeast. The area has an eastern monsoon climate with four distinct seasons. The special geotectonic location of the scenic spot is above the northern end of the strongest tectonic movement of the eastern branch of the Taihangshan deep fault, the Zijingguan deep fault zone. It is the most vulnerable and tectonic movement in the North China Plate. Fractures, folds and multiple magma intrusions – volcanic eruptions.
The Yesanpo geological relics record the history of geological tectonic evolution, from the basement formation, platform development, platform activation and the history of neotectonic movements, complete and systematic, typical, representative, unique, is the study of deformation within the plate Construct one of the best places.
The three main scenic spots of Yesanpo comprehensively reflect the history of magmatism, tectonic deformation and topography and geomorphology in the Yanshan Movement, the Xishan Movement and the Neotectonic Movement in the North China Plateau orogenic belt, especially the Bailixia Structure-Erosion Valley. From the evolution of the valley, we clearly see the guiding role of structural factors in each period. Yesanpo has rich geological-geomorphic landscape resources, especially the geological landscape types, genesis and evolution of the three main scenic spots, all of which are controlled by faults and joints, and structural factors dominate.
The area of the wild Sanpo Scenic Spot in Baoding, Hebei Province is a continental monsoon climate with four distinct seasons. Located in the Taihang Mountains near the Shanxi Plateau, the temperature is quite different from the plains outside the mountains. The temperature is characterized by the fact that the summer is not very hot and relatively cool. The annual average temperature is 10.7 degrees Celsius, which is 1.4 degrees Celsius lower than the plain. The daily temperature is 1~3 degrees Celsius lower than the plain, the annual sunshine is 2095 hours, and the annual precipitation is 628.8 mm.
There are 713 species of 92 families of seed plants, 65 species of ferns in 15 families, and more than 200 species of medicinal plants. Among them, in the scenic area of the Herbage Forest Park in Yesanpo, due to its vertical variation, the special climate of different days and up and down, the mountain is vertically distributed with 4 planting types and 15 plant groups, which is called “natural botanical garden”.
The vegetation coverage in the scenic area is large, the species is rich, and the vertical distribution is obvious. The low mountainous areas of 800 to 1000 m are artificial and semi-artificial vegetation belts, mainly hawthorn, pecan, alfalfa, poplar, willow, alfalfa, alfalfa, and shrub vitex, three-split spirea. From 1000 to 1300m, it is a low mountain shrub zone, mainly for the edulis, spirea, and edulis shrubs. From 1300 to 1600m, it is the Zhongshan Yang, Birch and Yulin belts. The sunny slope is dominated by Liaodong carp, accompanied by a small amount of Huanghualiu, color maple, eucalyptus and so on. The area is rich in shrubs and is rich in species, including edgy, spirea, Liudaomu, Hongshanliu, and Shanzhimei. The ground cover is rich, covering 95%, and the 1600 to 1850m is the Zhongshan birch forest belt, mainly including red birch, strong birch, black birch, wind birch, as well as color wood maple, aspen.
There are 184 species of wild vertebrates in the scenic area, including 15 national key protected animals, such as brown pheasant and black pheasant. There are many kinds of animal resources in the scenic area, including antelope, brown pheasant, black crane, golden eagle, sparrow eagle, spoon chicken, etc. There are also hundreds of insects, which can be called “wild animal kingdom”.
Bailixia Scenic Area
The Bailixia Scenic Spot in Yesipo, Baoding, Hebei Province is 210 kilometers long. The scenic spot consists of Bailixia and Jiangkou Lake. The total area is 105 square kilometers, of which the Bailixia Scenic Area covers an area of 65 square kilometers. At the entrance of the scenic spot, there is a “Xianguan Leading Road” attraction that introduces visitors to the Zizigou, named after the scorpion grass in the ditch; a canyon in the middle is “Haicang”, named after the buckwheat flower in the ditch, full length 70 kilometers; the third canyon is called the “Ten Hangxia”, named after the dozens of curved cliffs in the ditch, with a total length of 90 kilometers. Known as “the world’s first gorge.”
Juma River Scenic Area
There is a river in the Juma River Scenic Area that is surrounded by Qingshan Mountain and is interlaced with the road. It is the Juma River, flowing through the Ye Sanpo Scenic Area for more than 140 kilometers and injecting into the Haihe River. In July and August, the average water temperature of the Juma River is between 20 degrees Celsius and 22 degrees Celsius. The water quality is excellent, the bottom is clear, the year is not dry, and the winter does not freeze. There are sand rafts, stone monkeys, Shimen Dunkai, and flyovers. “Architectural Eight Views” such as arches, cliff walks, and children’s school.
Longmen Tianguan Scenic Area
Longmen Tianguan Scenic Spot is a tourist attraction integrating nature, history and folk culture. There are nine waterfalls and eighteen pools and 10,000 acres of secondary forests in Shangtiangou. Among them, “Wanyu Tianguan” and “Qianfeng Arch”, in addition to Ming More than 30 stone cliffs in the Qing Dynasty, known as the largest “historical and cultural corridor” in North China; the existing “Dalongmen Castle”, “Cai Shuzheng Great Wall”, “Mo Cliff Stone Carving” are all key cultural relics protection in Hebei Province. unit. Dalongmen Castle was originally an important link on the “inside” of the Ming Great Wall. It was known as the “territory throat”; the Sanfeng style here was originally a passageway from Kyoto to the outside of the Sai and a battleground for the military.
Yugudong Scenic Area
Yugudong is located in the middle of Yesanpo Scenic Area and has a total length of about 1.8 kilometers. It is divided into 5 layers. Yugudong is a scenic spot with Qiquan and strange caves as the main body. There are many famous springs in Yugudong Scenic Area. There are Yuguquan, Shenyuquan, Shendongquan and Shentianquan. The four springs are famous for their fisheries. It is also recognized as one of the eight strange springs in China. There are peculiar geology in the fish valley, as well as realistic stone flowers, cloud pots, goose tubes, and stalactites.
Jinhua Mountain Scenic Area
Jinhua Mountain Scenic Area is located in the northwest of Yesanpo Scenic Area and is one of the six scenic spots in Yesanpo. The scenic spot is dominated by famous mountain waterfalls, forest scenery and scenic spots. The scenic area is about 67 square kilometers, and its main peak, Jinhua Mountain, is 1711 meters above sea level. The scenic spots include Linhai, Lala Lake Waterfall, Millennium Ginkgo, and Ancient Architecture Qingju Temple.
Lost Paradise Lavender Estate
Ye Sanpo Lost Paradise Lavender Theme Manor covers an area of 0.67 square kilometers. The manor is located on the bank of the Juma River in Yesanpo. The park is now planted with more than 100 plants such as lavender, verbena, rosemary, thyme and clover. The theme of pastoral landscape and romantic love is the theme of the manor, the French style windmill and so on.
Yesanpo National Park
The Yesanpo National Park was established in 1991. It is the earliest, largest, most complete and most complete leisure and sightseeing resort in the entire Sansanpo Scenic Area. The national park covers an area of 0.1 square kilometers and has a construction area of more than 0.024 square kilometers. The ethnic park is surrounded by mountains and surrounded by water on three sides. The scenery is beautiful. There are wooden houses inhabited by ethnic minorities such as Miao, Yi, Mosuo, Yi and Dulong. , costumes, photos of major festivals, etc.
Sanhuang Mountain Scenic Area:
Located at the entrance of the Baima Gallery in the West Malaysian Juma River, the mountain has a unique shape, which combines wonders, shows and dangers. The Sanhuang Temple, dedicated to the ancestor of mankind, rounds out your wish to worship the ancestors. The surrounding Juma River water blends with the Manshan persimmon forest to form a beautiful landscape painting.
Develop and use
Tourism industry upgrade
At the beginning of the development in 1985, Ye Sanpo invited industry leaders, experts and media from Beijing to conduct on-the-spot investigations on Yesanpo, providing a series of forward-looking opinions and suggestions on the development and positioning of the initial tourism in Yesanpo. The development plan of Yesanpo tourism was drafted, which provided a strong basis for the development of Yesanpo Scenic Spot. Yesanpo is rich in resources, close to Beijing, and has unique development and tourism. It develops tourism for Beijing, making the Beijing-Tianjin source accounted for more than 95% of the total number of wild Sanpo customers in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
With the strong development of domestic tourism, the development strategy of implementing tourism secondary entrepreneurship was put forward, 320 million yuan was invested in upgrading the old scenic spot, the infrastructure of the scenic spot was improved, and a series of tourism products popular with tourists were launched. It has enhanced the brand awareness and reputation of the scenic spot. The radius of the tourist area of the scenic spot has been continuously expanded and has reached a radius of more than 500 kilometers.
After 1991, the tourism industry in Yesanpo continued to develop at a high speed. On the basis of the original natural landscape, the construction of resorts such as Miaozhai, Fengqingyuan and Mongolian yurts was opened, and through the implementation of tourism poverty alleviation projects, Various festivals and series of summer camp activities were held to continuously promote tourism development. In 1994, the tourist traffic reached 500,000.
At the same time, in order to improve internal traffic, the government invested 30 million yuan to upgrade and renovate Jinbai Road, and completed the key projects such as the leisure plaza and the development of Bailixia, Longmen Tianguan, Baicao Scenic Spot, and the renovation of the National Park Resort. At the same time, the “Yi Sanpo” tourist special train was expanded, and the tourist center and geological museum were expanded. At the same time, the signage and garbage bins of the scenic spot were reconstructed, and the toilet facilities were improved to meet the star-level standards.
In 2014, Yesanpo invested 500 million yuan to build the Bailixia scenic spot, create a 500 square kilometers smart scenic spot, 35 kilometers long Juma River international waterfront, all scenic spots and the overall environment along the highway have been upgraded.
The scenic spot has increased its investment attraction. In 2013, it attracted 280 million yuan to develop six scenic spots including the Valley of the Deaf, the Dragon Valley and the Qingquan Mountain. Secondly, in order to promote the extension of the relevant industrial chain, the government invested 20 million yuan to build a new 20,000 square meters of tourist commercial street; set up a taxi company; developed wild Sanpo wine, tea, miscellaneous grains, firewood and eggs with three slope characteristics Tourism series of goods.
There are many cultural relics in Baoding Yesanpo Scenic Area in Hebei Province. “Dalongmen Castle”, “Cai Shuzhen Great Wall” and “Mo Cliff Stone Carving” are all key cultural relics protection units in Hebei Province. According to the “Shui Jing Zhu”, it was called “Sage City” before the Tang and Song Dynasties. It was once a fortress in the Central Plains and the Outer Sea. It was a war. In the Ming Dynasty, it was rebuilt as a military heavy land. From the Jiajing period, the “Chief of the Dalongmen Shoukou Commander of the Qing Dynasty” was guarded by the Chief Executive, and the Qing Dynasty followed the Ming system until the Guangxu period. The well-preserved Dalongmen Castle, the city gate, and the surrounding military facilities ruins still enable people to see a complete ancient defense system, which fully reflects the outstanding architectural art and military talent of the ancient working people of China.
The Longmen Gorge in the northwest of Dalongmen Castle has more than 30 stone cliffs on the cliffs on both sides. It is the original trace left by the military officers stationed in Guanzhong during the Ming and Qing dynasties. Among them, “Wanyu Tianguan” and “Qianfeng Arch” are the most conspicuous, with a height of 2.7 meters. The rest of the inscriptions vary in size, and the content can be divided into two categories: one is to describe the key to the mountain; the other is to describe the beautiful beauty of the mountain. It is the largest group of rock carvings in North China and is known as the “Historical and Cultural Corridor”.
In 2008, the government invested 50 million yuan to complete the Tiansanpo Grand Theater, which covers an area of 11,000 square meters and has a stage area of 1,200 square meters. It can accommodate 3,500 people at the same time, creating a long history and rich culture with Lishui and Yesanpo. The large-scale dance history painting “Impression Wild Three Slopes”, which is the main line, uses the world’s top sound and light technology, actor’s pure dance skills and acting skills to interpret the splendid history and culture of Ye Sanpo and the entire Yellow River.
The history and culture of Yesanpo is ancient and magical. It has a long history and traces its history. The record of “Zhangzhou Zhi” records: “The three slopes belong to the ancestors for a long time, and there is no record.” But the poems of Yuan, Ming and Qing poets have endowed them. Quite a lot. The terrain of Yesanpo gradually increases from south to north, and the difference is very large. Therefore, it is divided into upper, middle and lower slopes. “Zhangzhou Zhi” contains: “Uphill and downhill due to the obstacles of the mountains, the climate is also different, the difference between cold and warm is half a month. Every spring, the downhill walnuts are strong, and the slopes start to bloom. The rain falls a little later, and the cultivation also follows The transfer. It can be seen that the name of Sanpo is caused by changes in terrain and climate.
From the time of the Qing Dynasty, due to the reverence of the Ming Dynasty by the people of Sanpo, the Qing court exerted pressure on the people here and ordered the people of Sanpo not to intervene in the ranks of the imperial examinations and to cancel the power to obtain the “fame”. At the same time, some foreign bandits colluded with the government to extort money, so they were forced to organize the slope protection and defend the township. Due to the resistance to the feudal forces, the Qing government officially imposed a “wild” word on the people of Sanpo. Since then, the “old people system” of Yesanpo has been passed down and continued to the 18th year of the Republic of China.
During the Anti-Japanese War, Yesanpo was the center of the Pingxi Anti-Japanese Base, and many heroic deeds emerged. The revolutionary relics such as the Eighth Route Army Factory, the Guerrilla Trail, and the Pingxi Anti-Japanese Martyrs Cemetery in the scenic area are still well preserved. The old revolutionary area of Yesanpo has become a natural classroom for patriotic education.
In 1988, it was approved by the State Council as a national key scenic spot.
In 2001, the National Tourism Administration rated the Yesipo Baili Gorge as a 4A-level tourist area.
In 2001, it was identified as an ecological demonstration zone by the China Environmental Protection Foundation.
In January 2004, it was approved by the Ministry of Land and Resources as a national geological park.
In November 2004, it was approved by the State Forestry Administration as a national forest park.
In 2005, the Longmen Tianguan Scenic Area and the Baicao Lake Scenic Area were both rated as 4A-level tourist areas.
In September 2006, it was assessed as a World Geopark by UNESCO and passed the mid-term evaluation in July 2010.
In October 2007, it was selected by Hebei Tourism Bureau as the favorite scenic spot of Hebei people.
In November 2008, it was assessed as the Civilized Scenic Area of Hebei Province by the Civilization Office of Hebei Province, the Construction Department of Hebei Province, and the Tourism Bureau of Hebei Province.
In May 2009, it was identified as the National Land Resources Science Base by the Ministry of Land and Resources.
In May 2009, it was approved by the National Standardization Administration Committee of the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine as a pilot program for national service industry standardization.
In December 2009, it was awarded the National Science Education Base by the China Science and Technology Association.
In July 2010, he was successfully selected as the second batch of National Red Tourism Classic Scenic Spots.
On January 14, 2011, the National Tourism Administration was promoted to the national AAAAA level tourist attraction.
Local three treasures
Walnut, apricot flat and voltaic acid are called “three-piece treasure” of Yesanpo. Mian walnut is a pure natural green food. Its texture is pure, the nuts are full, the color is yellow and white, and it is rich in various amino acids and trace elements. The apricot flat yield is high, with high nutritional value, rich in protein and fat, vitamins and trace elements. The wild peppers of Yesanpo are rich in numbness and rich in aroma. In addition to containing a large amount of aromatic oil, it also contains lemon dilute, sterolization and the like.
The name of the melon is called “pumpkin”. In Sansanpo, it is customary to call the pumpkin a melon. The dried melon is a food for the care of children, the elderly, indigestion, hypertension, nephritis and other patients.
The small river fish of the Yeshapo Juma River is wild, and the crispy small river fish is the name of its place, one is fragrant, the other is crisp; in addition, the crispy fish is rich in calcium, phosphorus, iodine, zinc, selenium and other minerals. Substances and trace elements, often eaten can enhance the absorption of calcium and promote physical strength.
Beijing (Liuli Bridge) – Beijing-Hong Kong-Macau Expressway (Baoding Direction) – Liuli River (lower speed) – Hancun River – Zhangfang – Shidu – Yesanpo
(1) Shijiazhuang – Jingkun Expressway (Beijing direction) – Lishui (lower speed) – Zhangfang – Shidu – Yesanpo
(2) Shijiazhuang – Beijing-Hong Kong-Macau Expressway (Beijing direction) – Gaobeidian (lower high-speed) – Lishui – Zhangfang – Shidu – Yesanpo
Tianjin – Jinbao Expressway – Beijing-Hong Kong-Macau Expressway (Beijing direction) – Gaobeidian (lower high-speed) – Lishui – Zhangfang – Shidu – Yesanpo
Zhengzhou – Beijing-Hong Kong-Macau Expressway – Jingkun Expressway – Lishui (lower speed) – Zhangfang – Shidu – Yesanpo