Geographic location:Longyan City, Fujian Province
Construction era:Qing Dynasty
Receive honor:Historical Protection Achievement Award
The site of the Gutian Conference was originally known as “Liao’s Ancestral Hall”, also known as “Wanyuanyu”. It is located under the Bijia Mountain of Caimeiling, Gutian Town, Shanghang County, Longyan City, Fujian Province. The meeting place is located east facing west. It was built in the 28th year of Qing Xuanzong Daoguang (1848), a single-storey Xiashan courtyard-style brick and wood structure. The ancestral hall consists of front and rear halls and left and right wing rooms with a building area of 826 square meters. Later changed to Harmony Primary School.
In the 18th year of the Republic of China (1929), the Red Army first entered the Gutian Gutian, and was renamed Shuguang Primary School. In December, the 9th Congress of the Red Fourth Army, chaired by Comrade Mao Zedong, was convened here, and the historic Gutian Conference resolution was passed.
In March 1961, the State Council listed the former site of the Gutian Conference as the first batch of national key cultural relics protection units.
In December 2016, it was selected as the “National Red Tourist Attractions List”.
The site of the Gutian Conference was originally the “Liao Ancestral Hall” of Xibei Village, Gutian Town, also known as “Wanyuanyu”. Built in the 28th year of Qing Daoguang (1848).
In the sixth year of the Republic of China (1917), the Harmony Primary School was established here in the early 1920s.
In the 18th year of the Republic of China (1929), after the Fourth Army of the Chinese Workers and Peasants Red Army entered Gutian, it was renamed Shuguang Primary School. On December 28 of the same year, the Ninth Congress of the Fourth Army of the Chinese Red Army was held here.
On the New Year’s Day of the 19th year of the Republic of China (1930), the Red Fourth Army held a special military and civilian party here.
In 1953, the site was partially repaired.
In 1962, the site was fully repaired and the original appearance of the venue was restored.
In 1970, the Gutian Conference Memorial Hall was built near the venue.
In December 1989, General Secretary Jiang Zemin visited the Gutian meeting site and inscribed the inscription “Inheriting and Carrying Forward the Spirit of the Gutian Conference and Strengthening the Construction of the Party and the Army.”
On June 21, 1999, Hu Jintao, then member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, secretary of the Central Secretariat, and Vice President of the State, made a special trip to visit the Gutian Conference Site and Memorial Hall.
On October 14, 2004, Jia Qinglin, member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, paid special attention to the site of the Gutian Conference and visited the Gutian Conference Memorial Hall during his inspection tour in Fujian.
On November 22, 2004, Li Changchun, member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, pointed out during the inspection tour of the Gutian Conference Memorial Hall: “Fujian is an old revolutionary base. It has not only made a historic contribution to the victory of the Chinese revolution, but also left behind for future generations. A very rich revolutionary historical and cultural heritage.
On November 22, 2008, Li Keqiang, then member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and Vice Premier of the State Council, made a special trip to the old district of Minxi during the inspection tour in Fujian to pay a visit to the Gutian Conference site and visit the Gutian Conference Memorial Hall.
From March 29 to 30, 2009, He Guoqiang, member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and secretary of the CPC Central Committee for Discipline Inspection, once again visited the Gutian Conference site during the inspection tour in Fujian.
From February 12 to 13, 2010, Hu Jintao, then General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the State and Chairman of the Central Military Commission, came to Longyan City, Fujian Province. On the morning of the New Year’s Eve, Hu Jintao made a special trip to Gutian Town, Shanghang County, Longyan City.
On October 31, 2014, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission Xi Jinping came to Gutian Town to attend the political work conference of the whole army. They also visited the Gutian Conference Site, the Mao Zedong Memorial Park, and the Gutian Conference Memorial Hall.
The Gutian Conference site consists of front and rear halls and left and right wing rooms. The courtyard inside the site is wide, followed by the front yard, the middle door, the lower hall and the main hall. The left and right sides are wing rooms, stepping into the middle door, the main hall is the Gutian conference venue, and the podium is set on the left side. Mao Zedong will be the first room on the right side of the Mao Zedong office and lounge.
Outside the outer hall of the temple is grass. On the left is the Red Fourth Army parade, and in the southwest there is the commander of the Red Fourth Army to review the officers and men of the Red Army. Behind the woods, opposite the meeting site, there is a new Gutian Conference Exhibition Hall in the 1960s. There is a water intake well and a “water pond” on the right side.
Liao Ancestral Hall
The Gutian Conference Site is a Qing Dynasty ancestral building with a building area of 826 square meters. It was built in 1848 and is also known as the Liao Ancestral Hall. It is east facing west and backed by towering ancient woods. In the dense woods, the “Guda meeting is always shining” eight red characters shine, and a few miles away, the fascinating glimpses of the forest, not far from the back of the forest is the towering and standing Beacon Hill, the local people call it “Maogong Mountain” (named after the appearance of Chairman Mao’s sleeping position).
Gutian Conference Venue
The setting of the Gutian Conference venue is very simple. The two Eight Immortals tables are put together to be the podium. The rows of long benches are placed neatly on the seats. The red slogans are posted on the columns in front of the hall. The traces of charcoal grilled on the ground slate.
Mao Zedong’s office
Mao Zedong’s office is located in the first room on the right side of the main hall of the Ancestral Hall. There is a table, a chair and a kerosene lamp. During the Gutian meeting, Mao Zedong reviewed the documents here, asked representatives to talk, and guided the meeting smoothly. On the table of Comrade Mao Zedong’s office, three cigarettes were tidy and discharged. It is because Chairman Mao loved to smoke during his lifetime, and tourists put cigarettes here, which is a way of expressing memory of Chairman Mao. ”
The well is located in the left front of the Zongtang. There is a small pond next to the well. The pond has a “noon lotus” that blooms at noon, hence the name “Lotus Pond”. During the Gutian meeting, Mao Zedong often walked and rested in the lotus pond.
The lotus pond became a memory of Mao Zedong. One day in 1960, Mao Zedong saw the model of the Gutian Conference site in the General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. At a glance, the model was incomplete and the “Lotus Pool” in front of the meeting site was omitted. Shortly after the Gutian meeting, local villagers filled the pond with rice. After learning that Chairman Mao was “looking for” the pond, the local villagers cleaned up, restored the original state of the pond, and planted the morning lotus, until now.
The Gutian Conference is a milestone in the history of building the party and building the army. The spirit of the Gutian Conference reflects the party’s innovation in theory and practice. It is the same as the Jinggangshan spirit, the Long March spirit, the Yan’an spirit and the Xibaipo spirit. It is reserved for future generations. Spiritual wealth.
The revolutionary holy place of the Gutian Conference site is also to let future generations understand this revolutionary history, to learn the connotation of the spirit of the “Gutian Conference”, and to have a very profound practical significance for enhancing the patriotic feelings.
Cultural relic protection
In March 1961, the State Council announced the Gutian meeting site as a national key cultural relics protection unit.
In August 1986, it was listed as one of the top ten scenic spots in Fujian Province.
In October 1999, the Gutian Conference site won ten “Historical Protection Achievement Awards” in Fujian Province.
In May 2007, it was awarded the “National Cultural Relics System Advanced Collective” by the Ministry of Personnel and the State Administration of Cultural Heritage.
In November 2007, it was awarded the “Fujian Provincial Defense Education Base” by the Fujian Provincial Government.
In April 2008, it was selected as “AAAA-level tourist scenic spot” by the National Tourism Administration.
On October 15, 2015, the National Tourism Resources Planning and Development Quality Evaluation Committee issued an announcement. The Gutian Tourist Area of Shanghang County, Longyan City, Fujian Province was officially promoted to the national 5A level tourist attraction.
Traffic information: There are no direct buses to the scenic spot in the city. You can take a local taxi or chartered bus. Follow the 319 National Road to Gutian and you will be able to go to the old site of the Gutian Conference.