Geographic location:Eastern Zhuang Autonomous Region
Famous scenery:Elephant Trunk Hill, Wangfu Stone, Huangniu Gorge, Wavestone Scenery
Suitable for the play season:Suitable for all seasons
Located in the eastern part of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Guilin Lijiang Scenic Area is one of the largest and most beautiful karst landscapes in the world.
Guilin Lijiang Scenic Area is the most typical area for the development of karst landforms in northeastern Guangxi. The main scenic spots are natural landscapes such as Elephant Trunk Hill, Guanyan, Huangbu Reflection and Immortal Grinding. It is known as “Balijiang River and Baili Gallery”. In 2007, Guilin Lijiang Scenic Spot was rated as a national AAAAA-level tourist area.
Origin of the name
The Lingqu is divided into the South Canal and the North Canal. The water from the source of the Maoer Mountain flows through the Lingqu Canal and is separated by the Tianping Dam of the Lingqu. The seven points of water pass through the Beiqu into the main channel of the Xiangjiang River, and the third water passes through the South Channel. Lijiang. Because the water is separated from each other in the Lingqu dam, “phase” and homophonic to Hunan, the name “Xiang” to the north is called Xiangjiang, and the name “漓” to the south is called Lijiang.
In 1973, the tourism of the Lijiang River officially started, and the number of tourists received steadily increased.
In 1978, after the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee, tourism was transformed from reception to economic industry.
In 1978, the Lancang River was listed as one of the 13 rivers protected by the state.
In 1982, Guilin Lijiang Scenic Area became one of the first 44 national-level scenic spots in China.
In 1982, Guilin Lijiang Scenic Spot was listed as the first batch of national key scenic spots by the State Council, requiring key protection and development.
In 1986, Guilin Lijiang Scenic Spot was selected and listed in China’s Top Ten Scenic Spots.
In 1991, the National Tourism Administration ranked the top 40 in the national tourism, Guilin Lijiang scenic spot ranked second.
In 2007, the number of tourists in the Lancang River has reached 2.11 million, and the total tourism revenue has reached 459.17 million yuan.
In 2007, Guilin Lijiang Scenic Spot was rated as one of the first 65 5A-level tourist attractions in China.
As of 2009, Guilin Lijiang Scenic Area and its surrounding areas have developed 125 scenic spots that can accommodate domestic and foreign tourists all year round, including 8 4A-level attractions. 2A level 5 attractions.
In 2010, the Lijiang River Scenic Spot in Guilin exceeded 20 million passengers for the first time, and the number of domestic and foreign tourists received was 22.4633 million.
Guilin Lijiang Scenic Area is located in Maoer Mountain, Xing’an County, northeast of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. The geographical coordinates are 25°9’35′′N, 110°26’18”E.
The regional topographical features of the Lijiang Scenic Area in Guilin City are higher in the north, east and west, and are low-mountain landforms in clastic rocks. The northern part is Yuechengling, one of the five ridges, the highest peak, Maoer Mountain, with an elevation of 2,142 meters. The eastern part is the northeast-south-western oceanic mountain. The main peak is Baojiling, which is 1936 meters above sea level. The west is the north-south trending Tianpingshan and the driving bridge. The main peaks are all above the altitude. The central part of the scenic spot is the karst valley of the Minjiang River. It is more than 120 kilometers long from north to south, 20 to 60 kilometers wide from east to west, and has developed karst erosion plains, peak cluster depressions and peak forest plains. It is a relatively complete hydrogeological unit. A series of basins are distributed along the Lancang River. On the erosion-eroded plains and lowlands, there are numerous pinnacles and a large number of caves. Starting from the Qianjing Village south of Datun, the Lancang River enters the canyon section of the peak cluster depression. The relative elevation of the deep valley is more than 400 meters, forming a karst landscape gallery that is famous for its hundreds of miles.
Guilin Lijiang Scenic Area is located in the subtropical monsoon climate zone. The climate is mild, the four seasons are distinct and the rain and heat are in the same period. The rainfall is abundant, the light is good, the heat is enough, the summer is long and the winter is short, and the climatic conditions are superior. The annual average temperature is 19.3 °C. The hottest month in July, the monthly average temperature is 28 ° C, the coldest in January, the monthly average temperature of 7.9 ° C. The annual rainfall is 1838-1941.55mm, the rainfall is greater than the evaporation, and the annual average relative humidity is 76%.
The entire Lancang River Basin is rich in animal resources, with about 1,593 animal species belonging to 259 families of 60 orders.
There are more than 400 species of terrestrial vertebrates such as clouded leopard, yellow-bellied horned owl, red-bellied horned owl, pangolin, civet, bamboo chicken, and spoon chicken. Aquatic animals have fish, and the Pearl River is sucking squid, wheat ear, and loach. There are 144 species of scorpionfish, scorpionfish, scorpionfish, black-spotted frog, spiny-horned frog, etc.; reptiles include Chinese sturgeon, red-snake snake, and black-snake snake; birds include Hong Goose, Bai Yao Yu Yan, Sheipeng, etc.; Among them, there are 15 species of animals protected by the Maoershan Nature Reserve; in the list of first-class protected animal species published by the state in 1988, there are two kinds of birds in Maoer Mountain: namely, white-necked long-tailed pheasant, yellow-bellied horned owl; breast-feeding There are two kinds of classes: leopard, clouded leopard; among the secondary protected animals, there are two kinds of amphibians, namely, big python and tiger frog.
There are many kinds of plants in the Lancang River Basin, and there are 2120 species of 681 genera in 202 families of vascular plants. Among them, there are 30 families, 51 genera and 80 species, 6 species of gymnosperms, 8 families and 8 genera, and 1344 species of 567 genera and 152 families of angiosperms.
Among the various plants, there are five species of rare and endangered plants in the country, such as yew, southern yew, ginkgo, and bell wood. They are listed as national second-class protected scorpion cedar, fragrant fruit trees, and geese. Palmetto, Pinus tabulaeformis, Fujian cypress, Changchun hemlock, South China five-pin pine, Phoebe bournei, small magnolia, Magnolia officinalis, Horsetail tree, Half-Maple, Basil, Tianma, Taiwan cycad, yellow cedar, green Tanhai; listed as the national three-level protection, there are eight species of southern hemlock, small magnolia, Tianma, short Cao Huanglian, octagonal lotus, Bayu Tian, Yinzhong tree and Baixin tree. The endemic species are limited to the unique species of Maoer Mountain: South China cedar, broad-leaved rough, Xing’an plum, heart-spotted cold water, thin azalea, purple blue rhododendron, Maoershan rhododendron, Zihua rhododendron, There are 11 kinds of beautiful rhododendrons, eucalyptus leaves, and snails. There are 92 species endemic to Guangxi.
Elephant Trunk Hill
The Elephant Trunk Hill landscape is at the confluence of the Taohua River and the Lancang River, 200 meters west of Wenchang Bridge. It is 200 meters above sea level, 55 meters above the river surface, 108 meters long and 100 meters wide. The mountain area is 1.3 hectares. It consists of pure limestone deposited on the seabed 360 million years ago. It resembles a giant elephant that stretches its nose and sucks the river. Xiangshan is the representative of Guilin landscape and the symbol of Guilin City. The local products of Guilin and even Guangxi are mostly marked by Xiangshan.
Through the mountains
It is in the southeast of the city, on the east bank of the Xiaodong River in the southwest of the Qixing District, 3.5 kilometers from the city center, 224 meters above sea level, 94 meters in relative height and 25.25 hectares in area. Crossing the mountain 5 peaks, like a rooster, the west is the first tail, the north and south are the two wings, the middle peak is the back, the moon rock on the west peak is just the chicken’s eyes, and the turtle mountain across the river, the two chickens fight, lifelike , collectively known as “Cocking Chicken Mountain.”
Wangfu Stone is located on the west bank of the Minjiang River, in front of Doumi Beach, about 37 kilometers from Guilin. There are immortal stones on the top of the mountain. For example, a person wearing a costume looks north; there is a stone on the mountainside, such as a woman with a baby staring at a distant husband, because of the famous mountain, also known as the stone.
Longtoushan is the southern barrier of the drip hole. The main peak is 440 meters above sea level, which is the third peak of Lushan Chong. “Yushan Mao’s Second Master’s Genealogy” depicts Longtoushan’s rise from the ground. The head is independent of the mountains and mountains. No, the mountains are extremely steep. There are fields, Wogan Springs… Mountain Peaks, Clouds and Horses Head.” According to legend, there is a dragon in the Dragon King’s Palace in Beihai, and its tail sneaked into the Dongting Lake. The dragon’s head rises from the mountain and rushes to form the leading mountain of the drip hole.
Luo Shishan, on the west bank of the Lancang River, the texture of the stone mountain spirals from the bottom to the top of the mountain. The whole mountain resembles a big green snail. In Guo Moruo’s poem, there is a sentence of “Qingluo negative rain and long river”. There is a snail rock under the mountain. The estuary is open and bright. It was built in the Ming Dynasty. It consists of Sanbao Hall and Kuixing Building, and was rebuilt in the Qing Dynasty. The incense burner stone in front of the cave, the shape of the cool. There are three snails in the cave, one is white like snow, one is green like jade, one is black as lacquer, and there is a cliff inscription in the rock, which records the origin of the rock and the nearby scenery.
Xingping Town is located in the northeast of the county town of Yangshuo County, Guilin City, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, on the banks of the upper reaches of the Minjiang River, 25 kilometers from the county. The Lancang River flows through Xingping, forming an “S” shaped river bay, which is a gathering place for the scenery of the Lijiang River. Ye Jianying Marshal “From Guilin Zhou You Yangshuo” poetry: “Spring breeze and water passenger boat light, the shore Qifeng column sent to welcome. Ma Yuehua Shan people Mirror, and indeed Jiasheng in Guangping.” The mountains and rivers depend on each other, and the attractions are dense. They are also characterized by strangeness, danger, beauty, beauty and interest.
Yellow cloth reflection
In the south of the painting mountain, there is a yellow rock, a few feet wide, like a piece of yellow cloth flat on the bottom of the river, here because of the name yellow cloth, the beach name Huangbutan. In 2000, the People’s Bank of China issued the fifth set of RMB, of which the scenery of the Lijiang River on the back of the 20-yuan bill was the reflection of the yellow cloth.
Jiu Ma Painting Mountain
Jiu Ma Painting Mountain is located 4 kilometers northwest of Xingping Town. The height of the mountain is more than 400 meters and the width is 200 meters. It stands on the riverside. The stone walls are cut and colorful, and the distance is like a huge screen. It has five peaks, and it is on the stone wall of the river. It is green, yellow and white. It is colorful and colorful. The class is very similar. It is like a picture of a god, because it has the name of the nine horse painting mountain, referred to as the painting mountain.
The lawn is 35 km southeast of Guilin City, on the bank of the Minjiang River, east to Lingchuan Chaotian Township, north to Datun Town, covering an area of 32 square kilometers, and Shishan is 3/4. The Lancang River runs from Guilin to the north and south to Yangshuo. It flows through a full 10 kilometers here, the rivers are winding and winding, the two peaks are standing on the banks, the mountains are floating, and the rivers are reflected.
Yangdi Tourist Area starts from Yangdi Guanyan Village in the north and connects to Xingping Tourist Area. It is about 18 kilometers away from the river and is the golden water section of the Minjiang River. The green bamboos on both sides of Yangdi are connected to the green screen of Shili, swaying between Qingshan, Xiushui, Fei Waterfall and Shoal, which creates a quiet and tranquil environment in the scenic area of Minjiang River.
On the bank of the river, rows of sturdy reefs, like the waves in the sea, are called “waves.” The village on the shore of the wave is called “Langshi Village”. The peaks on both sides of the strait stand tall and the water is narrow. In the middle of the mountain ring water, the front of the water to see the river gorge, side by side of the straits.
Over the Long Village, Yingxi Motianling and Chongtianfeng “Tianzhu Jiajiang”, Chongtianfeng is also known as the “Dragon Three Peaks” with the fishtail peak and the old man sitting on the chicken peak. In the area of Halong, the scenery is picturesque. There are peaks in front of the peaks. After the exhibition, the former US President Nixon visited this time and compared the peak of the right bank to a pyramid.
About 43 kilometers away from Guilin City on the west bank of the Lancang River, there is a 400-meter-high ferry crossing the river. The cliff intercepts the river flowing south and stirs up the raging waves. There are two villages on both sides of the mountain; Guanyan Village and Taoyuan Village are blocked by the mountains and rely on ferry traffic. The ferry in these two villages is different from the half of the shore from the shore to the other side.
Guanyan is located 29 kilometers south of Guilin City. The lawn township on the east bank of the Minjiang River is named after the mountain-shaped purple crown of the emperor. Guanyan is a giant underground river cave with a total length of 12 kilometers, originating from the ocean mountain in the east of Guilin. Guanyan was officially opened to the public in 1995, with a group of peaks competing for the show, a clear water, and a beautiful stone. As night falls, there are wonderful national song and dance evenings, and passionate mountain songs rang through the canyon.
Yellow cattle gorge
On the west bank of the Minjiang River, the south of the Mopan Mountain is opposite to the banks of the river. It is about 30 kilometers away from Guilin. There are many strange stones on the gorge, such as Bilian, lion and tiger, bats, such as the yellow cattle group. At this point, the Qingjiang River has a sharp turn to a 90-degree bend. The flow is divided into two, slamming three continents and rolling south.
Dagu Ancient Town
Dagu Ancient Town is located 18 kilometers southeast of Guilin City, a famous tourist city in the mountains and rivers. It is 30 kilometers away from Lingchuan County. It is located in the middle reaches of Minjiang River and is built along the north bank of the Minjiang River from west to east. The ancient style is rich. With an area of 193.78 square kilometers, Dagu Ancient Town is the water and land terminal in northern Guangxi, and it is a distribution center for agricultural and sideline products and imported goods in the eastern suburbs of Guilin.
Tashan is on the east bank of the Minjiang River and on the west bank of the Xiaodong River. It faces the mountain across the river. It is 194 meters above sea level, with a relative height of 44 meters and an area of 2.75 hectares. Tashan and Tongshan were the same mountain 1 million years ago. Later, the crust rises and the groundwater surface drops. The mountains are cut and separated into separate peaks.
1982 First batch of national key scenic spots
1991 “China’s tourist destinations are forty best” Second China Tourism Bureau, China Travel News
In 1998, the first batch of “National Civilized Scenic Area Tourist Area Demonstration Sites” China Tourism Administration
2000 “National AAAA-level tourist scenic spot” China Tourism Administration
2007 “National AAAAA Level Scenic Spots” China Tourism Administration
2014 Top Ten “2014 China’s Best Tourism Attractions” Global Times, China Tourism Research Institute
Remediation of rivers
Since the 21st century, with the increasing size of cruise ships (from 20 to 30 seats per ship in the 1970s to 80-120 seats), in order to adapt to the navigation of large ships, the relevant departments have mainly adopted river regulation for the Lancang River. The following method: Shushou River body – transforming the shallow river section of the river to narrow the water flow, concentrate the water flow, increase the water depth, form the main channel; block the turbulence – block the turbulence of the main channel, make the water flow Concentrated on the main channel; dredging the river channel – exploding the reefs and rocky beaches in the rushing areas of the beach, so that the longitudinal depth of the river channel is relatively uniform, so as to facilitate navigation safety. These will blow up the shoals in the Minjiang River and deepen the channel. After the transformation and management, the Lancang River channel was improved, the flux increased, and the tourism shipping was safe and secure.
The scenic area management department revets the river banks on both sides of the Lancang River and constructs artificial structures such as retaining walls. According to records, the construction of the bank protection project began in 1962. In 2009, the construction of revetment works was carried out in 1962, 1972, 1979, 1980, 1982, 1990, 1993, 1999 and 2002. Completed dozens of kilometers of artificial revetment facilities on both sides of the Lancang River. The construction of revetment facilities has played a huge role in resisting the erosion of various factors.
The main route is Guilin Mopanshan Wharf or Zhujiang Wharf – Yangshuo section, which is the essence of the Lijiang navigation area. Attractions along the way are: Guanyan, Tongzi worship Guanyin, Jiu Ma painting mountain, yellow cloth reflection and so on. The tour lasts about 4.5 hours.
Yangshuo water upstream
The upstream route of Yangshuo Water is the downstream section of Yangshuo. It starts from Yangshui County Dongshui Pier and goes to Puyi. It passes through Welfare Town and enjoys the scenery of Yangshuo downstream. The scenic spots along the way are: Bilian Peak, Xiucai Watch List, Shutong Mountain and so on. The total length of the tour is about 3 hours.
By car: Guilin Railway Station – Mopanshan Wharf Line: This line runs along the 9-way public car line and stops at the station, 4 round trips a day. If you want to go through the pier, you can go to the bus stop on the east side of Guilin Railway Station, or you can wait at any stop on the 9th bus line.
The departure time of the train station is 7:20, 8:20, 9:20, 6:00, and the departure time of Mopanshan Pier is 8:20, 9:20, 10:20, 17:00.
Taxi: There are plenty of taxis in Guilin. Taxi fare is divided into two periods: daytime and nighttime. During the day (6:30-23:00), 2 km starts at 7 yuan, more than 2 km is less than 4 km at 1.6 yuan/km, more than 4 km at 2 yuan/km; at night ( The starting fee is 7.80 yuan from 23:00 to 6:30 the next day, 1.80 yuan/km between 2 and 4 kilometers, and 2.40 yuan/km from 4 kilometers to 2 kilometers. The price of taxis from the city to the terminal is about 70-80 yuan.