Guifeng Scenic Area

Guifeng Scenic Area

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Geographic location:Southwestern part of Shuyang County, Jiangxi Province

Level:AAAAA

Famous scenery:Double Turtle Welcome, Guifeng Reclining Buddha, Lions look back

Opening hours: 6:00-18:00

The Guifeng Scenic Spot is located in the southwest of the urban area of Shuyang County, Jiangxi Province, next to the 320 National Highway, the 311 Expressway and the Zhejiang-Jiangxi Railway. It is 10 kilometers away from Shuyang County and has a total area of 136 square kilometers. It is part of the World Geopark Longhushan-Jiangfeng Geopark and the world natural heritage “China Danxia”. It is a national-level scenic spot, a national AAAAA-level tourist scenic spot, a national forest park, and a national patriotic education demonstration base.

Due to the numerous pictographic shapes resembling turtles and the entire scenic spot, Guifeng is named after a huge giant turtle. Known as the “sixty-six peaks and seventy-two scenes”, it is a collection of “singularity, danger, spirit, and skillfulness”. It is known as “the turtle on the river and the natural bonsai”. With its unique natural landscape of “no mountains and no turtles, no stones and no turtles” and profound cultural heritage, it has become the recommended spot for many famous famous dramas such as You Sheng Xu Xiake and TV series “Journey to the West”.

Guifeng Scenic Area

Development history

According to the cultural relics left by the Shangwu Cultural Heritage Site, Guifeng was inhabited during the Shang and Zhou Dynasties. It engaged in hunting, planting and other productive labor and created primitive civilization.

The development of Guifeng in Buddhism began in Liang Dynasty. Cao Zen master built a temple in Guifeng. The Tang Dynasty Maoshu Zen Master built the Lingsheng Temple. Since the Tang Dynasty, the incense was flourishing, and the Song Dynasty Guifeng Temple has become one of the famous temples in the south of the Yangtze River. In the Ming Dynasty, the temple was expanded and the Qing Dynasty continued to flourish. Due to the development of Buddhism, the famous scenic spots of Guifeng are also known to the world. Many famous ministers and poets have been attracted. The tourist peaks have increased from generation to generation, and the popularity of Guifeng has increased. The celebrities of the Tang, Song, Ming and Qing dynasties left a lot of poems, and the inscriptions were also increased, forming a cliff carving corridor.

After the liberation, the scale of the development of Guifeng expanded, and the road was built from the county to Guifeng. A 100-meter wide tunnel was built under the flag peak, and the Guifeng Lake and the outer lake were built. The area is about 70 acres. Building office buildings, auditoriums, guest houses, libraries, stadiums, restaurants, shops, bridges and pavilions in Guifeng Lake, and additional lake boats. In 1957, the Jianfeng Peak horticultural field was built, covering an area of 118 mu. In 1958, the sika deer farm was founded.

In October 1953, the Shangrao District Cadre Health Center was established. In 1958, two nursing homes in Nanchang and Jingdezhen were withdrawn, and some of the staff and equipment were merged into the Guifeng Health Center. After the expansion, it was renamed the Guifeng Nursing Home of Jiangxi Province. In 1977, the resettlement was transferred to the district management and renamed the Guifeng Sanatorium in Shangrao District. Since 1985, in addition to receiving cadre recuperation and recuperation business, the sanatorium has also set up a tourism service company to undertake tourism business.

Guifeng Scenic Area

Geographical environment

Topographical geology

The tortoise peak developed in the late Cretaceous period of 135 million years ago and is a typical Danxia landform. Development of peak forests, peak clusters, stone pillars, isolated peaks, residual rocks, residual hills, stone beams, stone walls, piercings, natural bridges, wide valleys, quasi-flat lakes and other Danxia landforms.

Guifeng Scenic Area

Scenic climate

The turtle peak belongs to the Jiangnan climate zone in the mid-subtropical humid monsoon climate zone. It is often affected by the cold air in the northwest in winter and has a continental climate. Due to the joint regulation of a large area of water and lush forest vegetation, it has the characteristics of no summer heat, no cold in winter, warm and humid, and four distinct seasons. The annual average temperature is 17.9 °C, the extreme maximum temperature is 40.7 °C, the lowest temperature is -8.6-7%, and the average temperatures in January and July are 5.3 °C and 29.6 °C, respectively. The annual average frost-free period is 262 days, the annual sunshine is 1800-1900 hours, the annual average sunshine is 1820 hours, and the average solar radiation is 404.2-467.77.7 JJ/cm2.

The rainfall in the area is abundant, the atmospheric humidity is high, the annual average rainfall is 1878mm, the annual average relative humidity is 75%-80%; the annual average precipitation days is 160 days, the 40th is the rainy season, the July-August thunderstorms, and the September to February is the rainy season; the annual average evaporation is 1648.4mm. The main catastrophic climates include low temperature, high temperature, dry hot wind, frost, freezing, heavy rain, continuous rain, drought, high wind, hail and so on.

Guifeng Scenic Area

Biological resources

Plant

The flora of Guifeng is very rich in composition. There are more than 800 species of more than 140 species of higher plant species. It is mainly composed of subtropical flora, and it also retains some ancient sacred elements, such as ginkgo, bamboo cypress and water in gymnosperms. Pine, etc., eucalyptus, eucalyptus, and Fujian cypress in angiosperms. In particular, the tallness of bamboo cypress and southern yew is rare in the country. The woody plants of Guifeng are listed as 18 kinds of national protection, and there are more than 30 kinds of provincial protection. Therefore, they are called “plant small kingdom”.

There is a plant in the territory of Guifeng, with a height of about 10 meters and a crown of 15 meters. There are 8 branches, which are flourishing and flowering in all seasons. It is estimated that there are thousands of years old and it is a characteristic plant landscape of Guifeng. . An ancient banyan tree located in the park lock cloud bridge, with a diameter of 2.1 meters, a height of 30 meters and a crown width of 36 meters. It is said that it was built by the Tang Dynasty Zen Master Mao Zedong when building the “Ruixiang Temple”. It has a history of more than 1,100 years.

Guifeng has a suitable climate and complex terrain. There are many landscape plants with ornamental value distributed in natural forests. In spring, there are azaleas, roses, peach blossoms, plum blossoms, acacia flowers, and wisteria flowers. In summer and autumn, there are scattered lilies, clumps of gardenia, sweet-scented osmanthus, and crape myrtle. Pine, bamboo and plum in winter are plant landscapes with Chinese characteristics.

Guifeng Scenic Area

Animal

According to the county records, there are more than one thousand kinds of animals in the turtle peak. In addition to the general beasts, birds, and insects, there are many kinds of expensive such as leopard, suma antelope, sika deer, long-tailed pheasant, and acacia. Rare Animals.

Guifeng Scenic Area

Humanity history

Religious culture

In history, Guifeng is the place where the three churches of Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism are gathered. The three religions of Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism blend in Guifeng. There is a Buddhist cultural tourist area represented by Nanyan Temple. There are more than 40 Buddhist sculptures in the Tang and Song Dynasties. It is one of the birthplaces of Buddhist Zen. At the same time, Guifeng also has a profound Taoist culture. The peak also preserves the famous Taoist site Ge Xianguan. Confucianism is also respected in Guifeng. The famous Confucian architectural site has the Confucian School of Stacked Hills.

Guifeng Scenic Area

Opera culture

The Yangyang Cavity, the first of the four major voices in China, is a brand-new local accent produced by the fusion of Nan Opera, which was circulated in the Xiangyang area of Jiangxi Province in the late Southern Song Dynasty, with local dialects and local folk customs. It was named “Yangyang Cavity” because of its origin. Its distinctive feature is “one singer and harmony”. It is composed of percussion music, silk, bamboo, string, tube and other musical instruments. The vocal space is plastic and the tone is high. It has both the gentle and elegant elegance of the South and the impassioned temperament of the North. Just soft and soft, free and easy.

According to the “Southern Words Narrative”, there were more than 10 provinces and cities including Beijing, Hunan, Fujian and Guangdong in addition to the region of Jiangxi. There are only 100 kinds of dramas in the Ming Dynasty, and there are more than 400 songs. The famous ones include Zhengdongji, Zhengxiji, Dongyouji, Journey to the West, Nanyouji, Beiyouji, Selling Water, Jingxi, and Mianlian.

Guifeng Scenic Area

Scenic spots

Natural landscape

Turtle Peak Reclining Buddha

With a total length of 416 meters and a shoulder height of 68 meters, “Mountain is a Buddha, Buddha is a mountain”, is the world’s largest natural mountain reclining Buddha.

Guifeng Scenic Area

Wang Langshi

On the Wanglang Peak. A piece of stone with a height of several feet slanted on the mountainside of Guifeng. The stone is shaped like a young woman with a skirt and a waist. Yuanwang, I saw her body squat, breasts bulging, small belly micro-drum, seems to be pregnant. Looking into the distance, looking forward to the return of Lang.

Guifeng Scenic Area

Tengu bone

At the entrance of Guifeng, on the side of the flag peak, there is a rock on the top of the mountain, which is ten meters high and looks like a crouching dog. The dog’s neck is twisted, the mouth is open, and the ribs are opposite. There is a flat mountain on the opposite side, like a rib.

Guifeng Scenic Area

Filial piety crying grave

Located in the northeast corner of Guifeng Scenic Area, on the hills of Wuhuali in Guifeng. There is a strange stone protruding from the ground, a few ten feet high, like a young man, dressed in mourning clothes, kneeling in front of the grave, crying. The tomb is a mountain peak, 100 meters away from the filial son stone, the foot of the mountain is a large top garden, shaped like an ancient tomb.

Guifeng Scenic Area

Eagle play chick

200 meters southeast of Guifeng, there are two huge stones, facing each other. On the right, a stone-like like a frightened chicken, the head of the head is constricted by the grass, and the left side is like a fierce goshawk. The mouth is like a clawed claw like a hook. The eyes are fixed on the chicken, the wings are straight, and the chicks hear the sound.

Guifeng Scenic Area

Fuhu biting sheep

Located 800 meters to the east of Guifeng, on the Chaoshan Peak, there are two intersecting big stones. The front is a stone like a gentle goat. It is short-tailed and dying, trying to escape the tiger’s mouth. Behind a stone like a tiger, lie on the ground, the blood basin bite the goat’s buttocks.

Guifeng Scenic Area

Horse head stone

Located on the north side of Jinzhong Peak, 600 meters east of Guifeng. On the mountainside, there is a strange stone peeking out from the crack of the stone. It looks like a horse’s head, nose and eyes are closed, ears are erected, and behind the horse’s head is a ditch of grass, which becomes the mane on the horse’s neck.

Guifeng Scenic Area

Jade rabbit stone

On the top of the Yutu Peak, 2 km east of Guifeng. There is a stone shape like a jade rabbit, a hatchback, a short tail, a crouching, erecting both ears, and the nose is swaying.

Guifeng Scenic Area

Looking at the sky stone

In the center of Guifeng Scenic Spot, Jinping Peak is on the left side of the cliff. There is a boulder, brown, like a cockroach. Head to the sky, two eyes round, looking for the swan to fly; limbs bent, half-squatting, leaping and jumping; the top of the mountain has water rushing down, falling in its open mouth.

Guifeng Scenic Area

First-line day

Located on the east side of Guifeng, it is made up of two peaks, Guifeng and Wo Niu. The two peaks are closely linked, less than one meter apart, forming a gorge with a height of several tens of meters and a length of more than 10 meters. Looking up at the peak of the gorge, I saw a ray of blue sky, and the mountain winds came through the gorge. The heat was so cool that it was very comfortable and comfortable. Beyond the gorge, there is a vast expanse of land, flying red and gold, and jadeite. There are three characters on the wall, “One Line of Heaven”, and six years after tomorrow (1626).

Guifeng Scenic Area

Echo Valley

In the southeast of Guifeng. On the southeast side of the stone wall, there are three characters of the “Echo Valley” of the Ming Dynasty traveler Wang Si. When people shout in the valley, they can hear four wonderful continuous reverberations. Four sounds are clear and melodious, and the remaining sounds are rumored to be square. Yuhua Cliff is located 500 meters south of Guifeng. At the foot of the west side of Jinzhongfeng, there is a cave with an area of about 80 square meters. There is a mountain spring along the 100-meter cliff.

Guifeng Scenic Area

Silent spring

Located under the cliff at the end of the shaker table. The water is sweet and mellow, and the taste of the tea is delicious. It is said to have the effect of cooling and cooling.

Guifeng Scenic Area

Qifeng view sunrise

Here is a good view of the hills and the sunrise. The peak is not high, only 110 meters, you can climb the summit, overlooking the wonders of the rising sun.

Guifeng Scenic Area

Cultural attractions

Nanyan Temple

It was built in the Jin Dynasty and stood with the rock. It is not tiled and sturdy. There are more than 40 exquisite stone sarcophagi in the temple. It is the largest cave in the natural cave in China. It is known as “the first in China”. Buddha Cave and Dunhuang South.

Guifeng Scenic Area

Guifeng Temple

Located in the center of Guifeng Landscape. Tang Ganning (894-895), the foundation of the people of Maoming began to build Lingsheng Temple. In the Southern Tang Dynasty, the Shangshu Xuyi House was expanded, Song Xianping and Jingde (998-1004), and Zhenzong gave the name “Ruixiang Temple”; the Southern Song Dynasty prime minister Chen Kangbo invited the court to change its name to “Xin Qin Chongfu Temple”; Gao Zongshi renamed Guifeng Temple. Ming Hongwu Liren Shu Guiqing raised funds to build a Xiangyuan.

Guifeng Scenic Area

Concealing

Also known as the Nguyen Cave. Located on the mountainside of Ganoderma lucidum north. Take the cave as the raft, there are narrow stone steps to board. There are stone beds, stone slabs and other stone tools in the cave. The three words “Tricky Concealed” carved on the wall of the cave are the books of Peng Qing in the Qing Emperor Qianlong. There is a stone inscription inscribed outside the cave. According to legend, at the end of the Southern Song Dynasty, there was a woman nearby, and her parents forced her to marry. She was determined to escape from her home and sneaked into the cave.

Guifeng Scenic Area

Vibrating table

Located at the foot of Jinping Peak in the northwest of Guifeng. The platform is an irregular rectangular stone pier, 10 meters long, 3 meters wide and 30 square meters in area. There is a stone bench stone bench on the countertop and a railing on the outside. The inside of the platform is close to Wanzhang Qingyan. The view on the stage is wide, and the inside of the platform has many wall carvings.

Guifeng Scenic Area

General building

Located near the Four Valleys. In the 24th year of the Republic of China (1935), Zhao Guantao, a division commander of the Kuomintang, built a two-storey villa near the Four Valley. The room is made of stone and wood. There is a bedroom, a dressing room, a bathroom, a guard room, a living room, and a balcony outside. Ascend to the balcony to see the peaks. When the Anti-Japanese War broke out, the generals left, the house was unoccupied, and the door broke. After the liberation, the people’s government allocated funds for renovation.

Guifeng Scenic Area

Guifengzhai

Located near the first line of the sky. During the Xianfeng period of the Qing Dynasty, the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Luo Dajiang and Zhongwang Li Xiucheng led the troops to settle in Fuyang, and built a stone in the vicinity of Guifeng’s “One Line Heaven” to fight the Qing army several times. Existing city wall ruins. Later generations called it “Guifeng Village.”

Guifeng Scenic Area

Cliff stone carving

A total of more than 200 articles, since the Tang Dynasty to the present, celebrities in the past have left inscriptions on the peak of the turtle, calligraphy stone carvings, most of them in the “vibration table” to the “first line of the sky”, forming a stone carved corridor. The stone of the vibrating table is on the stone wall on the inner side of the table. Since the mid-Tang Dynasty, there have been inscriptions in all ages. Calligraphy has 篆, Li, 楷, 行, 草草, exquisite craftsmanship, different styles. In addition to the vibrating clothes table and the inscriptions, there are many inscriptions, such as Guifeng, Sishenggu, Yixiantian, Yuanmolei, Manidongtian, Do not have a cave, natural Sandie, Xiaoxiao and other fonts. Stone carving.

Guifeng Scenic Area

Travel Information

Ticket

Pick-up location: Scenic Visitor Center
Special population:
A. Free policy: holder of national guidance, travel agency general manager certificate, department manager card holder and travel team big passenger driver, journalist, child height under 1.2 meters for the relevant procedures free of charge
B. Preferential policies: College students (excluding doctoral and master students), middle school students, and primary school students can enjoy 50% discount on tickets with their student ID card; children and military officers with a height of 1.2-1.4 meters can enjoy 50% discount on tickets; Tickets for seniors over 70 years old are 10 yuan
Invoice Description: Online booking scenic spot tickets, outdoor travel network does not provide invoices
Remarks: The world’s largest reclining Buddha – Guifeng Reclining Buddha scenic spot ticket 40 yuan / person

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