Geographic location:Junction of Yinjiang, Jiangkou and Songtao counties in Tongren, Guizhou
Famous scenery:Jinding, Mushroom Stone, Prince Stone, Shijiadian, Phoenix Mountain, Jiulong Pool
Opening hours:6:00 am – 9:00 pm
Mount Fanjing, named after Brahma Pure Land, is located at the junction of the three counties of Yinjiang, Jiangkou and Songtao (southwest) in Tongren City, Guizhou Province. It is located at 27°49′50′′—28°1 north latitude. ’30′′, east longitude 108°45′55′′—108°48′30′′, close to Yinjiang County, southeast of Jiangkou County, southwest of Songtao County. It is the main peak of the Wuling Mountain Range. It is a Buddhist orchard and nature reserve in China, located in the central part of the Tongren area.
The total area of Fanjing Mountain is 4,1900 square kilometers, including 25,800 square kilometers in the core area, 2,800 square kilometers in the buffer zone and 13,300 square kilometers in the experimental area. The main protection targets are rare wild animals and plants and native forest ecosystems represented by Rhinopithecus roxellanae brelichi and Davidia involucrate Baill. The forest coverage rate is 95%, there are more than 2,000 species of plants, 31 species of protected plants, 801 species of animals, and 19 species of animals protected by the state. It is known as the “Earth Oasis”, “Animal and Plant Gene Bank”, and the precious heritage of mankind.
On October 17, 2018, Fanjingshan was rated as the national AAAAA-level tourist scenic spot, and the national nature reserve was named as China’s top ten summer famous mountain on June 30, 2008. China’s famous Maitreya Bodhisattva Dojo, international “ Member of the Man and Biosphere Protection Network (MAB), also the World Natural Heritage recognized by the 42nd World Heritage Convention. On July 2, 2018, Fanjingshan, Guizhou Province, China, was approved for inclusion in the World Natural Heritage List at the World Heritage Conference in Manama, Bahrain.
Fanjing Mountain is a famous cultural mountain with a history of more than 2,000 years in the southwest. As early as the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, Fanjing Mountain belongs to the Chu State, the Qin Dynasty belongs to the “Yuzhong County”, and the Han Dynasty belongs to the “Wuling County”. It has always been the mountain and holy mountain worshipped by Wuling Man.
During the Ming Dynasty to the middle of the Ming Dynasty (1567 – 1588), after the Ming government suppressed the “Larshan Miao National Uprising” east of the Fanjing Mountain, the construction of the “Great Wall of the South” began in the area, and the vandals were destroyed. The first reconstruction of Jingshan Buddhism: In addition to rehabilitating Xiyan Ancient Temple and Tianma Ancient Temple, according to (Daoguang) “Yinjiang County”, the new Xiaoci Temple, Tianqing Temple and Tianchi Temple were built; in addition, the Fanjing Mountain was restored. The Jinding Ancient Tea Hall of the old Jinding, as well as the Shijia Hall and the Maitreya Temple of the New Golden Roof, and at the same time widen the Tianchi Temple – Bodaoling – Scissors Gorge – Jinding Ancient Tea Hall – New Jinding Sakyamuni, Maitreya West Mountain Avenue. In the first year of Ming Wanli (1573), Jinding’s “Hospital Monument” detailed records of the reconstruction of Lei Xueyu in Yinjiang County.
In the twenty-seventh year of Ming Wanli (1599), Guizhou Yingzhou Tusi Yang Yinglong rebelled and blamed Fan Jing. In the forty-six years of Wanli (1618), Fan Jing Gao, Miao Xuan, and the monk, asked Ming Shenzong to reconstruct Fanjing. This time, the five temples of the Five Temples were reconstructed: Chengen Temple, Tianchi Temple, Sanqing Hall, Shijia Hall, Tongming Hall, etc. The “Guici Monument” stood beside the Tongming Hall and became the “Steel of the Mountain” of Fanjing Mountain. This reconstruction made the Fanjing Mountain form a pattern of “a large main hall, four emperors, six big ankles, and four ancient temples around the mountain”. Each temple determines the production of the temple, recruits tenants, and repairs the tower. Fanjingshan was greeted by Huang En, and the name was in Zhenyu. The incense was very popular.
Ming Wanli (1563–1620) and Qing Emperor Kangxi (1654–1722), twice sealed the Fanjing Mountain, and asked the government to protect the Fanjingshan “one big main hall, four emperors, 48 big feet”. At the end of the Qing Dynasty, there was also a “Dust Gate” to protect it.
During the reign of Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty (1654 – 1722), Fanjingshan was re-opened and rebuilt. The Emperor Tianchi Temple was named “Huguo Temple” and became the largest temple in Fanjing Mountain. Fanjingshan Buddhism re-emerged, and the southwestern Buddhist mountains of Emeishan and Jizushan became the three pillars.
In the world of Kanggan, Fanjingshan expanded the “one big main hall and the four great emperors” in the Ming Dynasty, and added the “six big ankles” to the “forty-eight-footed ankle”.
In the first year of Jiaqing (1795), the head of the Songtao Miaomin, Shi Liu Deng and the Xiangxi Wu, carried out the “Zhejia Uprising”. After the death of Shi Liu Deng, the rest of the Yijun army remained in the Fanjingshan area for 12 years. During the Daoguang Period, the fourth reconstruction of Fanjing Mountain: the temple was changed to Tianen Temple (1822), and the Ming Temple was changed to Baoen Temple (1832). It also expanded Xiaoci Temple (1832) and reshaped Jinding Maitreya and Guanyin bronze Buddha statues.
In the five years of Xianfeng (1855), Guizhou had a “salty-up uprising”, and Zhao Zilong, the leader of the “Red Army” in Tongren, established a base in Fanjingshan Triangle. In the first year of Guangxu (1875), Liu Sheng, the remnant of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, played the Qing army, took the gun into the mountains, rushed to kill the monks and nuns, and looted everywhere. In the 5th year of Guangxu (1880), the five groups of Fanjingshan Mountain were practiced as “Songtao Xie Zuoying Training Army”. The new governor of Guizhou Province, Yingying, went to the army to supervise Liu Sheng. The following year (1881) Win. After the suppression of the “Red Army” and Liu Sheng, Fanjingshan was severely damaged and devastated. In order to strengthen the prevention, the governor of the priests and the priests of the priests and the priests of the priests of the ruins of the ruins of the ruins of the ruins of the ruins of the ruins of the ruins of the ruins of the ruins of The establishment and adjustment of the “two counties and one capital division” effectively prevented the resurgence of the disaster and ensured the normal pilgrimage activities of Fanjingshan.
In the sixth year of Guangxu (1881), under the strict military control, the sergeant, the ambassador of the ambassador, was responsible for the reconstruction of Fanjing. The Emperor Cheng’s Temple was rebuilt, and the temple was dedicated to the Governor of Yungui, “Yongsheng Fulu”.
Around the twenty-second year of Guangxu (1896), the fifth reconstruction of Fanjingshan was over.
Fanjing Mountain is located in the central part of Tongren District. It is located at 27°49′50′′—28°1′30′′ north latitude and 108°45′55′′—108°48′30′′ east longitude. It is located in Yinjiang County and Jiangkou County of Tongren City, Guizhou Province. The junction of the 3 counties of Songtao County (southwest) is close to Yinjiang County, southeast of Jiangkou County, and southwest of Songtao County. It is the main peak of Wuling Mountain in the east of Yunwu Mountain, and its mountain is formed between 1.0 and 1.4 billion years.
Fanjing Mountain is the first peak on the transitional slope from the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau to the hills in the west of Hunan. It is a watershed between the Wujiang River and the Lancang River. It is also a Wuling in the four provinces (regions) of Guizhou, Chongqing, Hunan and Hubei. The highest main peak of the mountain range.
Fanjing Mountain is an ancient area that was first raised from the sea to the land south of the Yellow River in China. During the long geological years, Fanjing Mountain experienced many structural changes. The Mesozoic orogeny movement swept the area away from the Xiangchuan Luoshan-style fold belt in the Echuan. Due to the structural control, it has been in a strong uplift area since then, and it has become the top of Wuling Mountain. The Zhongyuan Guyu Fanjingshan Group, which is exposed, is a volcanic sedimentary system of the Luxiang Rift Basin-Red Sea-type New Ocean Basin; the main peak of the foothills and the top of the mountain is preserved by the Shangyuan Guyuxi Group-Xiajiang Group. Debris deposition.
The Fanjing Mountain area is controlled by the Southeast Asian Pacific monsoon and belongs to the subtropical humid monsoon climate zone. The summer is affected by the southeast ocean monsoon, and the winter is generally less affected by the cold wave. The average annual temperature of Fanjing Mountain is 13.1 °C to 14.7 °C, the average temperature of the hottest month (July) is 25.3 °C, and the average temperature of the coldest month (February) is 2 °C. The temperature decreases with the increase of the terrain. The annual frost-free period is 270-278 days, the annual sunshine hours are 900-1170 hours, and the annual precipitation is between 1100-2600 mm. The precipitation season is concentrated in May-October, and the relative humidity averages 80%. Divided by the heat band, there is a distinct vertical band spectrum. From the foot of the mountain to the top of the mountain are the mid-subtropical, northern subtropical, southern temperate and mid-temperate zones. The overall characteristics are mild climate, sufficient light energy, abundant rainfall, no severe cold and heat.
Fanjing Mountain preserves the subtropical native ecosystem and preserves ancient rare species between 70 million and 2 million years ago. There are 2,601 species of biological species, including 2000 species of plants, including 21 species of rare plants protected by the state, accounting for 43% of the total number of protected plants in Guizhou Province; 801 species of animals and 382 species of vertebrates, listed in the national key 19 species of animals were protected, accounting for 68% of the total number of protected animals in Guizhou Province.
Fanjing Mountain has 4.2 square kilometers of virgin forest. It is a collection of geographical components of various floras and is rich in plant species. It is a typical native vegetation preservation area in the central and subtropical mountains of western China. There are more than 2,000 kinds of plants in the area, including more than 1000 kinds of higher plants. There are 21 kinds of key protected plants in the country, such as paulownia, and a large area of paulownia is found. It is a rare gene pool of biological resources in the world.
From the foothills of about 500 meters above sea level to the altitude of 1300-1400 meters, it is mainly a zonal evergreen broad-leaved forest, which is the essence of Fanjing Mountain Forest. Many of them are still in the state of virgin forest, and the plants are dense. The forest is dark and there are many rare and precious creatures. From above the fish rafts, the 1400-1900 meters above sea level is the evergreen deciduous broad-leaved mixed forest belt, and the 1900-2100 meters is the deciduous broad-leaved forest belt. In Fanjing Mountain, there are many large trees, and many of them have a diameter of more than 1 meter. There are 15 plant fauna in the world, and there are 13 species in Fanjing Mountain.
There are 382 species of vertebrates in Fanjing Mountain. Among them, the wild animals protected by the state are golden monkeys (national first-class protected animals, known as “Fanjingshan Elf”, “the only child of the earth” is about 700, only distributed. Fanjing Mountain in the Wuling Mountains in Guizhou.), Xiongbei, Macaque, Clouded Leopard, Lin Biao, Maoguanlu, Sumen Gaze, Pangolin, Baboon, Red-bellied Horn, Golden-bellied Golden Pheasant, White-crowned Long-tailed Owl and Otsuka (present in the world) The largest and most precious amphibians are 14 species. Fanjing Mountain is the only distribution area of the golden monkey.
The original floodland is the landscape feature of Fanjing Mountain. The four waterfalls of Yun Waterfall, Zen Mist, Mirage and Buddha Light add a mysterious color to Fanjing Mountain. The iconic attractions include Hongyun Jinding, Yuejing Mountain, Wanmi Sleeping Buddha, Mushroom Stone, Wanjue Sutra, Jiulongchi and Fenghuangshan.
There are more than 2,000 species of plants in Fanjing Mountain, which is known as the earth oasis, the animal and plant gene pool, and the precious heritage of mankind. There is the momentum of Huashan, the grandeur of Mount Tai, the strange stone of the rabbit ear.
Cotton creek, the bus terminal of the West Shang Fanjing Mountain, the starting point of the west line, the altitude of 2000 meters, directly in front of the new Jinding, Laojinding, Phoenix Mountain. Here you can see the Wanmi sleeping Buddha in Fanjing Mountain, the Buddha in Buddhism, the Buddha Head in the three, and the Buddha in the Buddha. It means “Five Fortunes,” and it is the longest in the world. Maitreya, for thousands of years, the people in the area referred to Fanjingshan as the “Great Foshan Mountain”. The mountain is a Buddha and the Buddha is a mountain.
Give a monument
In the forty-sixth year of Ming Wanli (1618), it was built by Emperor Shenzong Emperor, and written by Li Zhiyan of the Ministry of Housing, and recorded the geographical location, mountain-shaped landforms, historical sites, historical legends, and the rise and fall of Buddhism. The inscription on the inscription on the Fanjing Mountain is the “Ancient Buddhism Field”, which is “the ancestral hall of the world,” which is “the sacred place of the heavens and the sacred place of the heavens”, “Cui Wei does not reduce the five sacred mountains, and the spirits are different.” Provincial key cultural relics protection unit.
Red Cloud Golden Top
Red Cloud Golden Top: The peaks rise from the ground and the vertical height difference is up to 100 meters. The upper part is divided into two, linked by the bridge, each side of a temple built, while offering a Buddha, while offering Maitreya Buddha. This confirms the alternation of the modern Buddha (Sakyamuni) to the future Buddha (Millet Buddha). In the morning, the red clouds and the suffocating gas often roam around, known as the red cloud gold top.
Climbing the ropes, the cliffs on all sides, all the way to the ancient temple cliffs, mainly the Ming Dynasty Wanli first year (1573) of the “Daoyuan”, the Qing Emperor Kangxi fifty-two years (1713) “Tianqiao merits” and so on. Halfway through the Lingguan Hall and the leading stone, you will reach the Guanyin Cave. Guanyin Cave is a stone cave on the cliff. The stone house is built on the mountain. The stone house is below the deep valley and is dedicated to Guanyin Bodhisattva. Guanyin Cave is also known as the “Jinger Cave”. It is said that the good-hearted woman who has not given birth to a child has three heads to Jinding, and then a small stone is thrown into the hole of the golden dome and half waist. Outside the Guanyin Cave, a stone is stretched out of the air–the stone of engraving, engraved with four characters of “no morality and no report”. From the Guanyin Cave to the “Golden Knife Gorge” and “One Line Heaven”. There is a natural spring on the cliff, “sinking water.”
The first stone of Lushan
The first stone of Qianling Mountain: Fanjing Mountain on the west line, after reaching the top of the meadow layer, a stone standing on the top of the mountain, like a praise and a thumb out: “You are the first” is said to be the Qing Dynasty calligrapher Yan Yuliang ( Writing the balance of the Summer Palace) The writing of “The First Mountain” also comes from its inspiration.
Wanmi sleeping Buddha
Wanmi Sleeping Buddha: lying on the top of Fanjing Mountain, up to 10,000 meters, the world’s best. For thousands of years, the people of all places have worshipped Fanjingshan as a great Buddha. The mountain is a Buddha, and the Buddha is a mountain.
Mushroom stone: The name comes from the image, it is big and small, and looks like a mushroom. It is about ten meters high and has a history of more than one billion years. Mushroom stone is the subject of many painters and photographers.
Guanyin Waterfall: Guanyin Waterfall is located in the Black Bay River Scenic Area of Fanjing Mountain. It is named after a statue of Guanyin that is hand-held with a jade bottle.
Fanjingshan – Eagle Rock
Eagle Rock: Van Gogh’s top is a rock like a eagle’s mouth. This is a boulder that stands on the top of a mountain. Its shape is like a sacred look, and the eagle that flies its wings and stands on the foothills.
Development and construction
On May 10, 2017, the commencement ceremony of the Fanjingshan Drinking Mineral Water Development and Production Project was held in Dewang Township, Jiangkou County.
In July 2018, in order to avoid excessive commercial development, the Guizhou Provincial Government officially approved the “Vanjingshan-Taiping River Scenic Area Master Plan (2018-2030)”, and proposed a number of expansion caps for the Fanjing Mountain Scenic Area.
During the Golden Week of 2018, in order to further improve the quality of service, Tongren City Tourism Commission requested the local government and operating enterprises to do a good job in the order maintenance and safety guidance of various distribution points and key sections of the scenic area. Improve the supporting facilities, add rest places, and increase the rest seats. A smart scenic spot system has been added to the scenic spot. When entering the mountain gate, you can use the mobile phone to scan the code and implement the “cloud queuing”.
In 1986, Fanjingshan was listed as a national nature reserve. In the same year, it was listed by UNESCO as a network of international “human and biosphere” protected areas, and was hailed as “the treasure of the earth and mankind”.
On November 15, 2015, Fanjingshan Cableway won the national passenger ropeway 5S grade title.
In June 2018, the 42nd World Heritage Conference will be held in the Kingdom of Bahrain in the southwestern part of the Persian Gulf. Fanjingshan is nominated as a World Natural Heritage Site.
On July 2, 2018, the 42nd World Heritage Committee decided to include Fanjingshan as a World Natural Heritage on the World Heritage List.
On September 25, 2018, the Fanjingshan World Heritage Certificate Ceremony was held in Beijing and a World Heritage Certificate was issued.
On October 17, 2018, the Fanjingshan Tourist Area in Tongren City, Guizhou Province, met the national 5A-level tourist scenic spot standard and the national 5A-level tourist scenic spot.
On September 20, 2018, the Guizhou Provincial Development and Reform Commission issued the Notice on Reducing Ticket Prices for Some Key State-Owned Scenic Spots. From October 1st, 2018, the ticket price of the Fanjing Mountain Scenic Area in the peak season is reduced from 110 yuan/person to 100 yuan/person.
Fanjingshan ticket pricing:
Adults in the peak season 110 yuan / person; half ticket 55 yuan / person
Low season (December 1 to the end of February) fare: 90 yuan / person for adults; 45 yuan / person for half a ticket
Round-trip sightseeing bus fare (half the one-way trip): Adult 20 yuan / person
Cableway fare: adult round trip 160 yuan / person; adult one way 90 yuan / person; adult one way 90 yuan / person
Tickets free of charge: active military personnel (by military officer’s card, soldier’s card and other valid documents); disabled persons (by valid certificates such as disability certificates); senior citizens (aged 70 years old or older, with senior certificates, ID cards and other valid documents) Children under the age of 14 (with valid ID cards, etc.); children under 1.1 meters in height.
Half price range of tickets: students (in the colleges and universities, college students, student ID card and other valid documents); the elderly (aged 60 to 69 years old, with old age cards, ID cards and other valid documents); 14 years old -18 Minor aged (by valid ID card, etc.).
Sightseeing car free ticket range: Children under 1.1 meters in height are exempt from the ticket, but must be accompanied by a guardian.
Sightseeing car half price range: children between 1.1-1.4 meters in height.
Cableway ticket discount: Children under 1.1 meters in height are exempt from the ticket, but must be accompanied by a guardian. (There is a cableway in the direction of Jiangkou, and there is no cableway in the direction of Yinjiang to be built).
Trains: Shanghai, Hangzhou and Ningbo in the east of China have a train leaving Tongren City every day; Guangzhou, Changsha and Guilin in the south of China have a train leaving Tongren City every day; Chengdu and Chongqing in the southwest are heading for Tongren every day. There are a lot of trains; there is a bus to Fanjingshan at the exit of Tongren Railway Station. In the direction of Beijing, Wuhan and Zhengzhou, take the train in Kunming and Guiyang. You must first get off at the Yuping Station of the Zhuzhou Railway Line, then transfer to the Tongren Bus Station, transfer to the Jiangkou Bus Station, and then transfer to Fanjingshan. Bus. Hunan Huaihua City takes the train to Tongren Railway Station for 1 hour.
Automobiles: Changsha, Zhangjiajie, Changde, Jishou and Fenghuang in Hunan Province outside Guizhou Province have daily passenger bus to Tongren. In the peak season, there are many passenger vehicles to the Fanjing Mountain every day at Tongren North Bus Station. In the off-season, you need to take the bus to Jiangkou County Bus Station and then transfer to Fanjing Mountain.
Guiyang, Kaili, Duyun and Zunyi have many daily passenger vehicles to the Yinjiang River. There is a direct shuttle bus to the Fanjiang Mountain on the Yinjiang River. After arriving at the station, you can take a sightseeing bus on the cotton ridge and walk on the Golden Summit. You can also watch the sleeping Buddha of 10,000 meters.
Aircraft: Tongren Phoenix Airport.