Geographic location:Jingdezhen City, Jiangxi Province
Famous scenery:Jingdezhen Ceramic Folk Museum, Ancient Kiln
Opening hours: 8：00～17：00
Jingdezhen Ancient Kiln Folklore Expo Area is located in Longgang, Fengshu Mountain, Changjiang District, Jingdezhen City, Jiangxi Province. It covers an area of 83 hectares and is a cultural tourism scenic spot integrating cultural expo, ceramic experience, entertainment and leisure. It is the only ceramic culture theme in China. National tourist attraction.
The main attractions of the Jingyao Ancient Kiln Folklore Expo Area include the ancient kiln exhibition area, the ceramic folk custom display area, and the three scenic spots of the Shui’an Qianjie Creative Rest Area. In April 2013, Jingdezhen Ancient Kiln Folklore Expo Area won the honorary title of “National AAAAA Level Scenic Spot”.
Jingdezhen ancient kiln was built in the Five Dynasties and has continued to grow and develop in the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties.
In 1980, Jingdezhen Ancient Kiln Folklore Expo Area began construction. The government decided to centrally protect some of the ancient kiln, ancient workshops and ancient buildings scattered in the urban area, forming a cultural tourism scenic spot covering 83 hectares, integrating cultural expo, ceramic experience, entertainment and leisure.
In 2004, Jingdezhen Ancient Kiln Folklore Expo Area was rated as AAAA-level tourist scenic spot by the National Tourism Administration.
On November 30th, 2011, Jingdezhen Ancient Kiln Folklore Expo Area launched the ceremony to create a national 5A-level tourist scenic spot.
In April 2013, the Jingyao Ancient Kiln Folklore Expo Area was promoted to become the “national AAAAA level tourist attraction”.
In June 2015, Jingdezhen Ancient Kiln Folklore Expo Area was awarded the National Science Education Base.
On June 11, 2016, the construction of the Jiangxi Pavilion of the World Expo and the lion kiln of the Qing Dynasty were started.
Jingdezhen Ancient Kiln Folklore Expo Area is located at No. 1 Guyao Road, Fengdu Avenue, Changgang District, Jingdezhen City, covering an area of 83 hectares. Adjacent to Jingdezhen College and Yilong Hotel.
The landscape is divided into three areas: the ancient kiln exhibition area, the ceramic folk display area, and the waterfront front street creative recreation area.
In the ancient kiln exhibition area, there were ancient porcelain workshops, the world’s oldest porcelain production line, the Qing Dynasty town kiln, the Ming Dynasty gourd kiln, the Yuan Dynasty Shantou kiln, the Song Dynasty Longyao, the Fenghuo Xianshi Temple, the porcelain line and other attractions. In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the process of hand-made porcelain in Jingdezhen and the traditional porcelain products.
There are twelve ancient buildings in the Ming and Qing Dynasties in the ceramic folk custom display area, including ceramic folk custom display, Tianhou Palace, porcelain monument promenade, and water stage porcelain music performance.
In the creative rest area of Shui’an Qianjie, there are porcelain culture and creative leisure landscapes such as Changnan Wen Porcelain, Changnan Wharf, Geng and Tao Xun, Qianjie Jinsheng, and Wood Porcelain Front.
Shantou Kiln is one of the typical porcelain kiln used in the Song, Yuan and Ming Dynasties in Jingdezhen. It is named after the kiln shape is similar to the hoe. Some of the kiln kiln kiln has a horseshoe shape, so it is also called a horseshoe kiln. The firing temperature can be as high as one thousand three hundred degrees and can form a reducing atmosphere. Through the continuous exploration of Jingdezhen kiln workers, the construction skills and firing skills of Yuanming Shantou Kiln have reached the highest level of such kiln in traditional porcelain industry in China.
Song Dynasty Long Kiln
The dragon kiln is one of the traditional ceramic kiln in China. The kiln is built on the slope of the mountain and is named after the dragon. The dragon kiln has a simple structure and is divided into three parts: the kiln head, the kiln bed and the kiln tail. It is generally fueled by thatch, branches, and the like. The cost is low, the amount of burning is large, and the waste heat can be fully utilized. The use of natural hillside construction, the flame pumping force, can form a reducing atmosphere of burning celadon, shadow celadon. Longyao made outstanding contributions to the prosperity of Jingdezhen porcelain industry in Song Dynasty. The Longji ruins of the Song Dynasty were found in many places such as Hutian, Yaoli and Liyang in Jingdezhen.
The gourd kiln is the abbreviation of Jingdezhen gourd shaped wood burning porcelain kiln. The gourd kiln is a unique porcelain kiln in Jingdezhen. It first appeared in the late Yuan Dynasty and the early Ming Dynasty. It was not until the early stage of the egg-shaped kiln (town kiln) that it was gradually stopped. In the Ming Dynasty, Song Yingxing’s “Heavenly Creations” had special written records on the gourd kiln in Jingdezhen, with illustrations. In the Ming Dynasty, the gourd kiln also had the advantages of the Longyao and Shantou kiln during the Song and Yuan Dynasties. The firing technique has made great progress and made outstanding contributions to the development of the Jingdezhen porcelain industry in the Ming Dynasty and the formation of the Qing Dynasty town kiln.
Qing Dynasty town kiln
The town kiln in the Qing Dynasty (referred to as “town kiln”) is a unique porcelain kiln in traditional kiln in China. The kiln house is a chic timber frame building. The total length is 15–20 meters, the volume is about 300 cubic meters, and the highest point is 6 meters. Smelting uses pine wood as fuel (also known as “wood kiln”). It has long flame and low ash. It does not contain harmful objects. It is suitable for burning flame. It has good glaze color effect on white porcelain, blue-and-white porcelain and color glaze. The town kiln is the most complete and most valuable ancient kiln porcelain kiln ever. On July 25, 2000, it was announced by the People’s Government of Jiangxi Province as a provincial-level key cultural relics protection unit.
The new national percussion instrument “Ceramic Poria”, which uses porcelain plates as the main material, performs porcelain music performances. The porcelain orchestra made its debut at the “99” Kunming World Expo for the first time, causing a sensation. In 2000, after the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Comrade Qian Qichen listened to the porcelain music, he was pleased with the inscription “Qi porcelain charm”. The porcelain orchestra has performed in dozens of countries and regions such as Japan and Russia, and has been warmly welcomed everywhere.
This workshop mainly produces small-sized utensils, mainly for daily-use porcelain, including bowls, bowls, cups, saucers, etc. The tires are fine and the shape is regular. It is known as white as jade, as bright as a mirror, as thin as paper, and sounds like a slap Yu Shi.
Porcelain workshop, commonly known as “the blank house”, is a factory building for the production of porcelain blanks and porcelain glazes. It has obvious germination characteristics of early capitalism, which makes the porcelain workshop architecture become a rare existing example of ancient industrial buildings in China, and it has become a physical example of the emergence of capitalism in China during the Ming and Qing Dynasties.
“Alum” has eight buildings including Tuen Mun, shops, ancestral halls and private houses. In December 1987, it was announced by the Jiangxi Provincial People’s Government as a provincial-level key cultural relics protection unit.
“Qingyuan” has four buildings in the Qing Dynasty, namely “Yuhuatang”, “Doctor’s Day”, Tunxi House, and Yaochao’s boss residence. The whole building is built on the ground and the materials are exquisite. In December 1987, it was announced by the People’s Government of Jiangxi Province as a provincial-level key cultural relics protection unit.
Tang Ying Memorial Hall
Tang Ying (1682-1756) Qing Fengtian (now Shenyang, Liaoning), Li Hanjun white flag. The word Jungong, from the number to the elderly. In the sixth year of Qing Emperor Yongzheng (1728), he was appointed as the assistant to the Jingdezhen Royal Factory. In the first year of Emperor Qianlong (1736), he managed Huai’anguan and Jiujiangguan and took care of the kiln. Until 21 years, he managed Jingdezhen for more than 20 years. Royal factory. Committed to the research of porcelain making, the antiques and innovations have achieved great achievements. The porcelain that was supervised was called “Tang Kiln”. The books “Tao Cheng Ji Shi”, “Tao Ye Tu” and “Tao Ren Xin Yu” are important documents for studying the history of Jingdezhen porcelain. In order to cherish the memory of the former sages and inherit the development of the excellent culture of the Chinese nation, the “Tang Ying Memorial Hall” was established.
Fenghuo Xianshi Temple
The building of Fenghuo Xianshi Temple was built during the Jiaqing period of the Qing Dynasty (1796-1820), with two parts: the building sharing hall and the back bed, covering an area of 485 square meters. In January 1989, the building was announced as a key cultural relics protection unit in Jingdezhen City.
This workshop mainly produces large-scale, large bottles, large cylinders, and other furnishings. Its products are difficult to manufacture and have high technical requirements.
May 18, 2006 National Cultural Industry Demonstration Base (Second Batch) Ministry of Culture
2011 National Intangible Cultural Heritage Production Protection Demonstration Base Ministry of Culture
December 28, 2012 2012 Tourism Planning Innovation Award National Leisure Standardization Technical Committee
December 28, 2012 2012 Tourism Commodity Innovation Award National Leisure Standardization Technical Committee
April 2013 National AAAAA Level Scenic Area National Tourism Administration
June 2015 National Science Education Base China Association for Science and Technology
The scenic spot is about ten minutes away from the airport, the expressway and the train station.
Jingdezhen Railway Station has 22 trains, which can directly reach Kunming, Nanjing, Guangzhou, Taizhou, Shenzhen, Fuzhou, Beijing, Xiamen, Hefei, Qingdao and Shanghai.
Jingdezhen City has six domestic flights, which are flights to Beijing, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Xiamen and Chengdu.
High-speed intersection Jingdezhen West → Yingbin Avenue → West Railway Station turn right → Porcelain Avenue → Kaimenzi Hotel diagonally opposite → turn right into the ancient kiln folk custom exhibition area.
High-speed intersection Jingdezhen North→Jinling Avenue→ Zijing Road→Xishan Road→ Turn left to Huadu Avenue→ Kaimenzi Hotel diagonally opposite → turn left into the ancient kiln folk exhibition area.
Adults are 95 yuan, student tickets are 50 yuan; children under 1.2 meters in height are exempted from the ticket; old people over 70 years old are exempted from the ticket with their ID card and the “Premier’s Preferential Certificate”; active retired military personnel, disabled retired military personnel, and retired military cadres are valid. Documents, disabled persons (first and second grade) with their own disability certificate, can enjoy the free ticket after registration.
Opening hours: 8:00~17:00
Address: No. 1, Guyao Road, Porcelain Avenue, Jingdezhen City.