Geographic location:Enshi Prefecture, Hubei Province
Famous scenery:Ground-stitched waterfall, cliff road, a musk
Suitable for the play season:Suitable for April-November
Enshi Grand Canyon Scenic Spot is located in the town of Tunbao Township and Banqiao Town, Enshi City, Hubei Province. It is located at the junction of Hunan, Guizhou and Hubei Provinces and is the most beautiful section of the Qingjiang River Basin.
The Enshi Grand Canyon has opened two core scenic spots in Qixingzhai and Yunlong, with a total area of 35.2 square kilometers. Geological landscapes such as Tiankeng, ground seams, cliffs, peak clusters, rock pillars, caves and dark rivers are all available.
The Enshi Grand Canyon Scenic Area is a national AAAAA-level tourist attraction with many world-class tourism resources.
In December 2015, Enshi Grand Canyon was selected as one of the 30 best tourist new landscapes in the Three Gorges of the Yangtze River.
A musk is a rare monolithic limestone column on the earth with a height of 150 meters. The bottom of the column is 6 meters in diameter and the minimum diameter is only 4 meters. The compressive strength of the rock here is 800 kilograms per cubic centimeter. It’s rare to blow him, the rain does not move him, and the millions of years in the peaks of the arrogant group, guarding this mysterious land.
His close-up looks like a male root, showing his mighty majesty, and has become the treasure of the valley in the Grand Canyon.
According to legend, this stone pillar is a fragrant incense that Tianshen gave to the local people. If it is catastrophic to ignite him, the gods will see the blue smoke, and they will come to save the suffering. Therefore, the local people call it “difficulty”, which is difficult. The fragrance is long and thin. When the sky is clear, a white cloud is stacked on the peak. It looks like a heavenly incense, just like a fairyland. In the rainy weather, a mist rises like a blue gauze. It is dressed up in looming, charming and moving.
Geologically speaking, due to the long-term staggered influence of the Yangtze River system and the Qingjiang River system, it has been continuously eroded and continuously washed to form the steep stone pillars. Because of the extremely difficult preservation, the similar slender pillars on the earth are rare. The longest and biggest thing is this.
The Qixingzhai cliff is a giant columnar rock mass developed in the Triassic limestone. It stands upright on the steep slope and is towering in the forest. It is extremely spectacular. It is different from the peak forest and the stone forest, but a kind of columnar mountain, so it is called “rock column forest”.
The opposite “rock pillar” is actually a giant rock pillar block, 800 meters long, 150 meters wide, and nearly 200 meters high. The top is a curved plane with two heads high and a low middle. This is because there is a sink in the center of the top surface. Small water ponds form a surface depression.
In the 1940s, when the Republic of China seized the Zhuang Ding period, there were more than a dozen young men hiding in the top for more than ten days. The summit also found the cooking utensils they used to live in.
The cliff road is one of the famous scenic spots in the Qixingzhai Scenic Spot of Enshi Grand Canyon. It is popular among tourists because of its danger and perfection. The cliff road was built in August 2006 and lasted for 1 year and 8 months. The plank road is located on the mountainside of the erect cliff on the east side of the mountain. It is about 1,700 meters above sea level and blends with the cliff.
The symmetrical two-column mountain formed by the weathering, erosion and dissolution of the Triassic limestone is not connected to each other and looks at each other.
This is because the rock itself has the same nature and the structural fissures are relatively regular, which is formed under the direct erosion of the heavy rain along the upright fissure. However, the two mountains are symmetrical and almost identical in shape, and the nature is rare.
The geotectonic unit at the Grand Canyon area is the Yangzijiang quasi-platform (I-class) Upper Yangtze Platform in the Bamianshan pleat belt (Class II Lichuantai pleats (Class III), and the southeast is Enshitai pleats.
The study area is located in the Mushui anticline nucleus in the fish skin reef anticline. The northwest side is the front mountain syncline and the southeast side is the group fortress syncline. The main structural line direction is 40°-60° east.
Muyi anticline is an asymmetrical wide anticline, the inclination of the shaft section is 10°-15°, the local zone is approximately horizontal, and the wing rock is slightly steeper 30°-50°.
The regional geological tectonic factors cause two very well-developed erect joints in the rock formation. The joints of the two groups in the north-south and east-west directions of the rock formation are interlaced and form a grid-like cross.
The open anticline core section makes the rock layer of the Sanlingian Jialingjiang Formation gentle, which is conducive to the formation and preservation of the rock pillar.
Repeated crustal movement allows the structural fracture system on the anticline core to be inherited and transformed. The fractures are deepened and lengthened, and the openness is gradually increased, which provides favorable conditions for surface water infiltration, groundwater migration and storage. The space conditions are conducive to the erosion of the surface and underground, and the dissolution.
The surface and groundwater along these vertical joints cut the rock wall, and the vertical joints are gradually increased. A wide tank is formed on the rock wall, and some of the tanks pass from the top of the rock wall to the bottom.
With the gradual uplift of the earth’s crust, the undercut action is intensified, causing the rock column to gradually separate from the rock wall, and finally form a rock column group near the rock wall.
The Triassic limestone is formed by weathering, dissolution and collapse, and is composed of several monolithic rock pillars and isolated peaks. The heights are different and patchy, spectacular, majestic and beautiful.
The karst spectacle where the cliff and the peak cluster coexist is rare in the karst area of southwestern China. This is related to the slope of the second step to the third step in the giant geomorphological unit of the western part of the Grand Canyon. It is also related to the huge drop caused by the slope of the western Hubei and the settlement of the Jianghan Basin.
The geodetic tectonic unit of the Grand Canyon area belongs to the Bamianshan pleat belt of the Yangtze River-Huai-Huai platform to the second-order tectonic unit. The northern part is the Ezhong fold area, the Sichuan-Taiwan-Yun is in the west, and the east is not in the basin. The main direction of the structural line in this area is northeast or north-north-east, in which the fault structure develops and the folds are relatively weak.
The main basement in the area is the Sinian (Z)-Triassic (T) stratum, which reflects the continental shelf sea surface during the geological period, including the twilight shore or carbonate platform and the shallow sea shelf sea. Geographical environment.
Extensive carbonate rock deposition laid the foundation for later karstification and karst landscape formation.
The Grand Canyon is located at the northeastern tip of the Yungui Plateau.
In addition, it is in the subtropical monsoon region, which forms the general characteristics of the hydrology and climate in the area, such as the plum rain, the early summer rain and the autumn rain. However, due to the vast majority of the mountains in the territory, the Yunfeng is stacked, the terrain is changeable, and its unique Local climate, cloud, rain, fog and microclimate are particularly large, due to the wide difference in surface height, reflecting the vertical difference of climate, forming a unique three-dimensional climatic zone in the mountain, at the same altitude, due to slope direction, slope position, slope shape and The combination of small topographical structures has resulted in a variety of climate types.
The Enshi Grand Canyon is a temperate monsoon climate with no hot summers, cold winters, plenty of daylight and four distinct seasons. The average annual temperature is 15~17°C, and the highest temperature in August is generally 27~30°C, the lowest in December and January, generally 2~8°C.
The average relative humidity for many years is 70% to 80%, and winter is greater than summer. The average annual evaporation is 720 mm, the largest in July and August, accounting for about 33%. The frost period averages about 4 months.
Building gate peak
The overall shape is similar to the Wulingyuan quartz sandstone peak forest in Zhangjiajie, but its composition is limestone. Looking into the distance, dozens of limestone rock pillars, tall and straight, densely populated, forming a vast stone pillar-like peak forest. The thickness of the limestone rock formation of the Triassic Jialingjiang Formation ranges from tens of centimeters to 1 meter. The formation of the rock formation is very gentle, and the near-level is like a thousand-story stone pillars stacked with blocks of rock. Due to the hard stone, the column body is straight and straight, the rock layer is thick and the occurrence (protrusion and inclination) is gentle, and the rock layers are not easy to slide along the layer, which can support up to 100 meters of stone pillars without falling or slipping at the top. In the rock formation, the north-south and east-west joints of the rock formation are criss-crossed, forming a grid-like crossover, and the stone pillars are cut into nearly square shapes, which are formed by splitting the rock along the two sets of intersecting vertical joint faces.
175 yuan / person (including Yunlong seam, Qixingzhai ticket, Jingjiao ticket)
280 yuan / person (including Yunlong seam, Qixingzhai tickets, Jingjiao tickets, ropeway tickets)
102 yuan / person (including Yunlong seam, Qixingzhai tickets, Jingjiao tickets)
207 yuan / person (including Yunlong seam, Qixingzhai tickets, Jingjiao tickets, ropeway tickets)
Ticketing time: 8:30 – 15:00
Recommended time for play: 2 days
Best travel season: April-November is suitable.