Geographic location:Xiangshan District, Guilin City, Guangxi
Famous scenery:Shuiyue Cave, Puxian Tower
Opening hours: 08:00-18:00
Like the Mountain Scenic Area, it is the Elephant Trunk Hill attraction in the two rivers and four lakes. Originally located in 1986, the original mountain view area is a national AAAAA level scenic spot. In 2003, it was listed as a “World Tourism Organization recommended scenic spot”. In 2007, it was a friendly scenic spot with the Elephant Trunk Mountain Scenic Area in Aite, France.
In 2014, under the guidance of Guilin Tourism Development Corporation and Guilin Tourism Co., Ltd., Liangjiang Sihu Scenic Area and Xiangshan Mountain Scenic Area began to work on the creation of 5A-level scenic spots and decided to place Xiangshan, Diecaishan, Fuboshan and Liangjiang. Four lakes form the “two rivers and four lakes and elephant mountainous areas” for unified management, planning and sales. Elephant Trunk Hill is a diversified international boutique tourist attraction that integrates mountains, waters, caves and stone. The main attractions are Elephant Trunk Hill, Shuiyue Cave, Elephant Eye Rock, Puxian Tower, Sanhua Wine Kiln, Love Island, Yunfeng Temple Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Revolutionary Site Exhibition Hall.
The main landscape in the Xiangshan scenic spot is like the name of an elephant. The Elephant Trunk Hill is located at the confluence of the Minjiang River and the Taohua River in Guilin. It was named Guilin City in 1995 for its unique mountain shape and long history. Emblem logo.
In the 2014 CCTV Spring Festival Gala, the Hungary Attraction Dance Troupe displayed the Elephant Trunk Hill as a representative of the Guilin landscape on the stage of the Spring Festival Evening in the creative dance “Symbol China”. This is the first time that a foreign dance performing group has used a special dance form. Perform performance. In 2013 and 2014, Xiangshan Attractions won the title of “China’s Most Beautiful Moon” by CCTV News Channel Network.
In 2016, the Elephant Trunk Hill in the Liangjiang Lake and Xiangshan Scenic Spot was selected as the venue for the South Korean branch of the CCTV Spring Festival Evening in 2017.
Therefore, Xiangshan is not only the representative of Guilin’s city emblem and landscape, but also a symbol of harmony between man and nature in Chinese mountains and rivers.
On February 25, 2017, Liangjiang Sihu·Xiangshan Scenic Spot was newly promoted as a national 5A-level tourist scenic spot.
Xiangshan, also known as Elephant Trunk Hill, is located in the Lijiang River in Guilin. Elephant Trunk Hill has been a tourist attraction since the Tang Dynasty and has a history of nearly 1,000 years of development.
In 1986, the Xiangshan Park Management Office was established. In 2001, Xiangshan and Fubo Mountain and Diecai Mountain were merged together to be called the Xiangshan Scenic Area Management Office. In 2007, the Binjiangjing District was used as the management office of the Mountain Scenic Area. In 2014, the two rivers and four lakes scenic spots and Xiangshan Mountain Scenic Area, under the guidance of the superior company Guilin Tourism Development Corporation and Guilin Tourism Co., Ltd., began to work on the creation of the 5A-level scenic spot, and decided to put Xiangshan, Diecaishan, Fu Boshan and the two rivers and four lakes form the “two rivers and four lakes and elephant mountainous areas”, which are managed, planned and sold. The mountain cave, the pavilion temple and the landscaping garden with the main body of Elephant Trunk Hill are 2.99 hectares. The garden gate is cement stone meter wall column, hard ridge slope hill top, green glazed tile, antique archway building, and the title of the title is “Xiangshan Shuiyue”. The scenic area covers an area of 14.33 hectares, the water area is 9.42 hectares, and the green coverage rate is over 92%. The scenic spot is close to the core business district of the city center, adjacent to the Lijiang River and Qixing Scenic Area in the east, Chuanshan and Tashan in the south, and the Lijiang Waterfall Hotel in the west. Shanhu, north of Fubo Mountain and Diecai Mountain, enjoys an advantageous geographical location and convenient transportation. There are four entrances and exits in the scenic area (Gate, Gate 2, Gate 3, Yunfengsi Gate), with the Elephant Trunk Hill as the main landscape. The goal of the scenic spot is to become a tourist, experience, leisure, shopping and folk tourism. As one of the diversified international boutique tourist attractions.
The Elephant Trunk Hill attraction is named after a elephant-like elephant trunk. The Elephant Trunk Hill is located at the confluence of the Lijiang River and the Taohua River in Guilin. It has become a symbol of Guilin City with its unique mountain shape and long history. More than 50 stone cliffs are preserved in the Shuiyue Cave between Elephant Trunk and Elephant Body. It is a key cultural relics protection unit in Guangxi. The famous poet Han Yu of the Tang Dynasty famously said: “Jiang Zuoqing Luodai, Shanru Biyuyu” is engraved in the cave. The Shuiyue Cave and the reflection in the water are like a bright moon. Since ancient times, there has been a reputation like the mountains and rivers. In the Song Dynasty, the Northern Warriors had poems: “There is a bright moon at the bottom of the water, the moon is floating on the water, the water is not flowing, and the water is still flowing.” In September, Xiangshan Scenic Spot was awarded the title of “China’s Most Beautiful Moonland” by CCTV News Channel Network.
On the top of the mountain, there is the Puxian Pagoda dedicated to the Samantabhadra of the Ming Dynasty. The elephant bottle is auspicious and beautiful. It has also become a historical witness of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom uprising in the Battle of Guilin in the late Qing Dynasty. Since the Song Dynasty, the belly of the Elephant Trunk Hill has become a natural wine cellar of the Chinese rice-flavored representative wine, Guilin Sanhua Liquor, and has a thousand tons of wine.
The love island with its beautiful flowers and four seasons is located on the north side of the scenic spot. It covers an area of 15,000 square meters and is close to the Lijiang River. It is another good viewpoint to watch the Elephant Trunk Hill. The island has a beautiful environment and lush vegetation. It is the best place for locals to fall in love in the 1970s, so it is called Love Island. “Love Island” is a masterpiece of Guilin’s mother river “Lijiang”, and it is also the cradle of Guilin people’s pursuit of happiness and cultivation of love. The distant relative “Xiangshan Shuiyue” testifies for love. May the world have a lover to become a genus. Nowadays, the scenic spot has become the base of marriage and wedding in Guilin, and the island of love is the place for people to enjoy wedding and photography. The lovers made a vow of love under the witness of the mountains and rivers. Walk into the magical mountain and open a legendary auspicious journey for you!
In the back mountain of Elephant Trunk Hill, there is a 19-meter-high, 3.3-meter-wide, and 13-meter-long, north-south facing semi-closed passage. It is named after the nose rock because of the back side of the elephant trunk.
There is a canopy-shaped semi-circular hole between the elephant trunk and the elephant leg of the Elephant Trunk Hill. When the moonlight night and the reflection in the river, it is just a big round shape, such as a round of clear moon floating on the water, so it is called “Water Moon”. hole”. The Shuiyue Cave is 17 meters long, about 12 meters high and 10 meters wide. The Tang Dynasty writer Yuan Jie engraved the word “Shuiyuedong” in the elephant trunk with the seal. The formation of the Shuiyue Cave was created by nature. About 200 million years ago, the Elephant Trunk Hill was exposed to the surface, and there were many fissures in the front of the mountain. Under the long-term erosion of the underground river, this large cave was gradually formed. Although there are mountains everywhere in Guilin, there are holes in the mountains and mountains, but there are waters like the Shuiyue Cave, but there are not many stone caves that can pass by the boat. Although the area inside the cave is not large, it brings together the masterpieces of famous poets of the past. There are more than 50 stone cliffs, including 23 pieces of Song, 1 piece of Yuan Dynasty, 12 pieces of Ming Dynasty, 14 pieces of the Qing Dynasty, and 2 pieces of the Republic of China. The content includes poems, lyrics, title list, inscriptions, biography, camp statistics, etc. It is a key cultural relics protection unit in Guangxi.
Shuiyue Cave is an old wharf in Guilin in ancient times. It is said that every time a college entrance examination is held, candidates from all counties and counties will gather in Guilin to take the exam. At that time, the candidates were able to ride horses with money, walk without money, and more people chose to take the boat. Therefore, every year in August, the Lijiang River is full of boats. Under the night, on the river surface, the fishing fire was a little bit, and the book was awkward. One day, a Xianggong was reading in the Shuiyue Cave. A boatman came out with a couplet to test him: “Look at the gods and wear the river bottom month.” : “The squid stunned the water in the sky”, the boat owner listened to the big joy, saying that Xiang Gong must be a high school in this trip, and sure enough, he was the top champion of Guilin in the past – Liu Fuyao (Qing Dynasty), the descendants in order to commemorate him, they are in the water In the month of the cave, I left the “Reading Book” three-character list.
The earliest stone inscription in the cave is the inscription of Shuiyue Cave in the Tang Dynasty. The most interesting ones are the poems of Zhang Xiaoxiang and Fan Chengda in the Song Dynasty. On the rock wall of Shuiyue Cave, Zhang Xiaoxiang’s [Chaoyang Pavilion] and [Chaoyang Pavilion Poetry] are engraved. In 1165, Zhang Xiaoxiang went to Guilin to serve as the appreciator of Guangxi Jingjiang, and [Zhang Xiaoxiang’s word Anguo, No. The famous poet of the Southern Song Dynasty, who served in Guilin for two years, will leave his post in 1167, so his friend Zhang Wei will set up a banquet for him in the scenic pavilion next to Shuiyue Cave and name it for the pavilion. To the east of Xiangshan, whenever the rising sun rises, it is just bathed in the sun, so Zhang Xiaoxiang named the pavilion “Chaoyang Pavilion” and renamed Shuiyuedong “Chaoyang Cave”, and wrote “Chaoyang” for this purpose. The Pavilion and two poems were engraved on the elephant’s nose side of Shuiyue Cave.
There are more than 50 stone carvings in Shuiyue Cave, most of which belong to the Song people. Speaking of poetry in the Song Dynasty, I have to mention Lu You, a patriotic poet of the Southern Song Dynasty. He especially wants to visit the landscape of Guilin, but he has no chance to come. He is engraved in the inscriptions on the inland tour of Shuiyue Cave. There are four books in total, and the text is a flowing and vigorous cursive script. It is a fine among the Guilin stone carvings. Lu You’s word view, No. Weng, Zhejiang, is a famous patriotic poet in the Southern Song Dynasty of China. Although he has passed Guilin in the future, he is very yearning for the landscape of Guilin. The poems and letters engraved on the cliff of Shuiyue Cave are a letter he wrote to Du Yougong in Guiyou and seven poems. However, it is a pity that Lu You’s poems are ambiguous. Now the Guilin Cultural Relics Team is carrying out a rescue repair of such stone carvings, so we also appeal to people to protect cultural relics.
Puxian Tower was built in the Ming Dynasty. It is a lama-style solid brick tower. It has a history of more than 400 years. The tower is 13.6 meters high. Because the tower is embedded in the north of the tower, there is a statue of a bodhisattva in the bluestone line. There is no sage of the Bodhisattva, the six sons of the real book, hence the name of the Puxian Tower. In addition to the Mount Emei of Sichuan, the stupa dedicated to the Samantabhadra in the country is the Elephant Trunk Hill of Guilin! Puxian Bodhisattva is one of the four great bodhisattvas of Chinese Buddhism: Pu is universal, sage is the meaning of goodness, and Puxian Bodhisattva is known as the Virtue. It is the right flank of Sakyamuni Buddha, specializing in “Lie”. He made ten wishes: to do his best to promote the Dharma, hence the name “Da Xing Pu Xian”. About Pu Xian’s life experience, “Shen Hua Jing” said that he is the eighth son of Guanyin of Amitabha, the faculty of Western bliss, and the general trend is that Manjusri is a brother. The sages are well-received, and the trials are quiet and unremarkable. Therefore, the Puxian seems to be a mount. It is a six-toothed white elephant, symbolizing the willingness to do so and the merits are complete.
The Puxian Tower was built on the top of Xiangshan Mountain. It is an extremely vivid reflection of Buddhism’s saying about the Puxian Bodhisattva by elephant. The shape of the whole tower is like a treasure bottle, also known as the Aquarius Tower. Elephants are a symbol of good fortune in many Asian countries. Elephants and treasures symbolize peace, beauty and happiness.
Sending a statue of Guanyin
On the cliff behind the Yunfeng Temple in the south of the Elephant Trunk Hill, there is a glimpse of the “Guanzi Guanyin” in the Tang Dynasty. It has a history of more than a thousand years. This is the only colorful cliff statue in Guilin. More precisely, this is called “Murray’s mother image.” The main image is 诃 (hē 音 )) Li Yumu, dressed in Chinese costume, wearing a crown, holding a child on his lap, sitting on the lotus platform, behind the body with a circular flame body and head light. On both sides of the main image, each woman waits for one person, her head is combed, and she has a wide-sleeved robe. Two children stood on the left and right sides of the raft, and their hands were arched.
It is said that there is a beautiful gopés in the ancient Indian kingstown, which can sing and dance. When a grand rally was held to celebrate the birth of the sacred Buddha, the 500 people who went to the meeting knew that the cowherd had been pregnant, but forced her to dance. Her fetus fell to the ground and died, and she was abandoned by her husband. She was full of sorrow and gave a poisonous oath. In the afterlife, she wanted to cast a living in Wang Shecheng, and she ate the children in the city and committed suicide. Later, she really gave birth to Wang Shecheng, who was the daughter of the god of medicine. She married the devil half, and gave birth to five hundred sons. 诃利谛母原 is a god of evil – the mother-in-law, the mother of five hundred devils, commonly known as “the devil”. She did not forget the vows, and she was going to eat the children of other people every day, so she was also called “the wicked mother.”
This incident shocked Sakyamuni. In order to save the innocent children of Wang Shecheng, she decided to educate the devils with compassion. Sakyamuni rushed to persuade her, but she could not listen to it, and she did not want to change evil. Sakyamuni saw that the persuasion could not be achieved, and the heart gave birth to a plan. When she went out to eat other children’s children, she hid the most beloved one of her 500 sons. When the devil’s mother came back, she found that she had one child missing. She missed it very much and wept sobbed all day. Sakyamuni took the opportunity to educate her and said: “You have to compare your heart. You have five hundred children. Only one is lost. It is so sad. You go to eat a child from someone else’s house every day. Can parents be able to stand it?” The devil’s mother wakes up like a dream, repents, and never eats the children of other people’s homes. She has since changed her evil spirits and has protected all children in the world from growing up. She later converted to Buddhism and acted as a protector. People respected her so much that she could change her mind and remember to build a temple for her. Because the Chinese folk is a prolific mother, the goddess of mercy who guards the young child with the devil mother, she often worships her as a “send a son” or “send a child Guanyin”.
[In the middle of the mountain in the mountains of the Elephant Trunk Hill] The giant list “Southwestern Guarantee” was inscribed in the winter of 1935 by the Chief of Staff of the 15th National Army of the National Revolutionary Army, indicating that Guilin has been the political, economic, and military center of the South since ancient times. . He Xuan, the word Xiaofu, No. Guisheng, was born in June 1891 in a carpenter family in Xiaoshidong Village, Da Li Gang Town, Taojiang County, Yiyang, Hunan. At the age of 5, she lost her father and raised her mother by her mother Lu. Although the family is poor, but diligent, good poetry, fine calligraphy, the book is based on He Shaoji’s body, quite famous. He joined the army in 1911 and graduated from the 3rd step of the Baoding Army Military Academy. He was with the famous generals of the Kuomintang such as Bai Chongxi, Zhang Zhizhong, Xia Wei, Huang Shaozhen and Ye Qi.
In July 1935, Ye Qi, the then chief of staff of the 4th Army, was killed and He Xuan went to Guangxi to mourn. Li Zongren and Bai Chongzhen invited him to stay in Guangxi, where he served as the chief of staff and the commander of the army. In February 1936, the National Government officially awarded the commemorative medal of the rank of lieutenant general of the army and the 10th anniversary of the swearing-in of the National Revolutionary Army.
After returning to Guangxi, He Xuan became the chief of staff of the 15th Army and the commander of the army, responsible for the defense of Guilin and surrounding counties. During the period, every Wednesday and Saturday, he will summon his officers to tell the “Sun Tzu’s Art of War” in conjunction with current events or war cases. Every time the auditorium is always packed, even the aisles are full of people. Whenever he talked about how to use the weaknesses of the Japanese devils to make a surprising victory, He Xuan’s vivid remarks often caused warm applause and full laughter.
In order to defend effectively, he built a solid bunker and transport dark lane in the Elephant Trunk Hill. In order to stabilize the people’s hearts and inspire the fighting spirit, he organized a team of darts and large-scale militiamen with clear division of labor and strict discipline in urban and rural areas. On the mountain gate of Elephant Trunk Hill, he personally wrote and asked the mason to chisel the “Southwestern Guarantee” one foot and two feet wide. Four large characters to express the spirit and determination to resist the Japanese. This inscription has been preserved by people until now, and it has become an indelible imprint of the people of Guilin to fight against the Japanese.
Located in the southwestern part of the Elephant Trunk Hill, Yunfeng Temple is a double-topped horse head wall, a green ancient temple with a red roof. According to legend, in the Tang Dynasty, Wenling Temple was built here. In the 50th year of Qing Emperor Kangxi (1711), Pan Hu went to Guilin to serve as the garrison of the Guangxi dynasty right camp. After the 7th year of Gui, even in the early autumn, Wen Wenchang’s so-called Elephant Trunk Hill Can be irritated and far away. After experiencing the land, I saw the statue of Tuas sitting alone in the foothills. There was no filming. I couldn’t help but succumb to it. So I bought the materials and built several buildings and houses. In the Song Dynasty, I used to be the villa of the literati Fang Xinyu. “Yun Yaxuan”; “Fang Fangzhen” was built during the Wanli Period of the Ming Dynasty; in the last years of Guangxu, he was renamed Fuxi because of his nun. There are successive statues of Buddha, Taoism and Panwang in the temple. It is one of the famous ancient temples in Guilin. The existing Temple Yu was built in 1978 by the Guilin Cultural Relics Management Committee with reference to the original construction system. It is a two-storey, hard-mountain, two-storey antique building. There is an atrium, a small courtyard, a release pool surrounded by cliffs, and on the back of the temple wall, there is a statue of Guanyin Cliff in the Tang Dynasty.
In the second year of Qing Xianfeng (1852), the Taiping Heavenly National Army attacked Guilin and set up the front line command of the South Road in Yunfeng Temple. Yunfeng Temple became one of the important activities of Taiping Jun Road through Guilin. Although there are mountains everywhere in Guilin, only the Elephant Trunk Hill is a Pingding Mountain. When Hong Xiuquan led a military attack on Guilin, it was the peak of the mountain in the Xiangshan Mountain. It was suitable for placing weapons and shells. He used the Elephant Trunk Hill as the main attacking ground, and attacked Guilin for 34 days around the top of the Puxian Tower on the top of the mountain. There are many artillery caves left by the Taiping army when they attacked Guilin. They also left a lot of graphic materials and weapons shells used at that time, which provided a basis for future generations to study this history. When the Taiping Army took the night to withdraw from the night, they sang a plan to adjust the tiger to the mountains. When the Taiping army withdrew its troops, the grassmen were stalked around the Puxian Tower, drums were slammed with goats, and the fire ropes that ignited the lengths of the fire were fired in turn, and the Taiping Army was safely evacuated until the morning of the next day. The plan is fooled.
Now the second floor of Yunfeng Temple has been turned into a special exhibition hall of “The Taiping Revolution in Guilin”, and its plaque is titled Liu Haisu, a master of Chinese painting. The weapons, shells, battle flags and related texts and icons used by the Taiping Army were displayed, which provided valuable information for understanding and researching and displaying the modern history of Guilin.
The love island with its beautiful flowers and four seasons is located on the north side of the scenic spot. It covers an area of 15,000 square meters and is close to the Lijiang River. It is another good viewpoint to watch the Elephant Trunk Hill. In 1983, in order to protect the Lijiang River, the Guilin Municipal Government used silt to form a small island when the river was dredged. The island has a beautiful environment and lush vegetation. It is the best place for locals to fall in love in the 1970s, so it is called love. island. “Love Island” is a masterpiece of Guilin’s mother river “Lijiang”. It is also the cradle of Guilin people’s pursuit of happiness and cultivation of love. Here, the relative “Xiangshuishui” is a testimony for love. May the world have a lover.
Nowadays, the scenic spot has become the base of marriage and wedding in Guilin, and the island of love is the place for people to enjoy wedding and photography. The lovers made a vow of love under the witness of the mountains and rivers. Smell the sweet-scented osmanthus, listen to the river whisper, watch the blue sky, the wine is mellow, what kind of cozy love!
Standing on the island of love, you can see the mountains and the towers. There is also a round stone cave on the mountainside of the mountain. It is like a moon hanging in midair, called Moon Rock. The moonstone that crosses the mountain and the Moon Moon Cave of Xiangshan are called the Lujiang River, and the moon is in midair. One is the moon on the water. The whole mountain is like an inverted vase. The so-called peace is a blessing. Compared with Tashan, which is opposite to the mountain, the entire Tashan mountain shape is like a turtle holding a pagoda across the river. This tower is dedicated to the Wanshou Buddhist Pagoda in the Ming Dynasty, and there is no lifeless Buddha in the south. This scene is called “one water and three mountains.” This is the scene of the 50 yuan foreign exchange coupon issued by China in 1979.
Sanhua Wine Cellar
There are caves in Guilin Mountain and there are treasures in the cave. The mountain is a large cave. The two-thirds of the whole mountain is hollow. The area is about 3,000 square meters. It is warm in winter and cool in summer, and the temperature is kept at 18-19 degrees Celsius. As early as the Song Dynasty, it was used as a bureaucrat to store Sanhua wine. Sanhua wine is colorless and transparent, delicious and spicy. It inherits the wisdom of the Chinese nation for thousands of years, the essence of Lijiang River and the soul of drowning water. It has become the representative wine of Chinese rice flavor, and is known as the “king of Chinese rice wine” (China Liquor is divided into four types: sauce (Moutai), Luxiang (Wuliangye, etc.), Qingxiang (alcoholic liquor) and rice fragrant.) Alcohol is the tribute of the court as early as the Northern Song Dynasty, and it is the first of the three treasures of Guilin. So far, nearly 1,000 tons of Tibetan wine. In the Ming Dynasty, Ying Tianfu ruled that Zhang Mingfeng called Xiangshan Jiu Kiln “drunken township” and lived at the foot of Xiangshan.
In the past, the folks referred to Sanhua wine as “three steamed wine” and “three wines”, and later changed to “three flowers wine”. It was because there was no alcohol meter in ancient times, and the winemakers summed up the “flowers”. On the experience of wine. When the degree of wine is between 55 and 60, due to the surface tension of the liquid, several layers of hops will appear on the surface of the wine, which will last for a long time. At this time, the winemakers will say, “Flower, flowering!” began to pick up the wine, “Sanhua wine” will come from this. The hops are divided into coarse flowers, medium flowers, fine flowers, piles of flowers, and dissatisfied flowers and horses. The finest flowers and piled flowers are the best. It has the characteristics of “sparkling wine, sweet and fragrant honey, soft entrance, cool mouth, and smooth aftertaste”.
Because the kiln needs to maintain a relatively closed environment, it is now only a door to smell the smell of wine. Every year before the year of the year, Guilin City will hold a grand ceremony for the opening of the Sanhua wine. You can drink and taste wine in the wine cellar to promote the wine culture of Guilin.
Scenic ticket purchase instructions
Like the scenic spot in the mountain area: 60 yuan / person.
High season (April-October) 6:30 – 19:00 Low season (Nove – March) 7:00 – 18:30
Traffic in the city
It can be reached by bus No. 2, 16, 23, 88.